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  1. This review of 25 consecutive patients with Morgellons disease (MD) was undertaken for two primary and extremely fundamental reasons. For semantic accuracy, there is only one "proven" MD patient: the child fir...

    Authors: William T Harvey, Robert C Bransfield, Dana E Mercer, Andrew J Wright, Rebecca M Ricchi and Mary M Leitao
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:8243
  2. Merkel cell carcinoma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans are two very rare neoplasms. The simultaneous occurrence of two different tumour entities at the same anatomical site, collision tumours, is a rare phe...

    Authors: Daniel-Johannes Tilkorn, Marcus Lehnhardt, Jörg Hauser, Adrien Daigler, Heinz Homann, Hans Steinau and Cornelius Kuhnen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7493
  3. The mortality of listerial rhombo-encephalitis exceeds 26% and may involve otherwise healthy patients. A case is presented of a man with fatal listerial infection of the central nervous system that was monitor...

    Authors: Dimitrios Karakitsos, George Samonis, Vasilios Georgountzos and Andreas Karabinis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7383
  4. Traumatic hernia of the abdominal wall is a rare entity. A large proportion of reported cases are in children with a particular type of injury, i.e. from a handlebar injury. In adults, the presentation can var...

    Authors: Nitin Agarwal, Sunil Kumar, Mohit Kumar Joshi and Mriganka Sekhar Sharma
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7324
  5. Epstein-Barr virus esophagitis in an immunocompetent host is a rare entity. It represents either primary infection or reactivation and is usually characterized by acute onset and extensive ulcerative involveme...

    Authors: Magdalini Pape, Kalliopi Mandraveli, Ioannis Sidiropoulos, Dimitrios Koliouskas, Stella Alexiou-Daniel and Filanthi Frantzidou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7314
  6. Kimura's disease is a chronic inflammatory condition belonging to the angio-lymphatic proliferative group of disorders, usually affecting young men of Asian race, but is rare in Western countries. It is a beni...

    Authors: Massimiliano Sorbello, Alessandro Laudini, Gianluigi Morello, Mirco Tindaro Sidoti, Jessica Giuseppina Maugeri, Alessia Giaquinta, Tiziano Tallarita, Daniela Corona, Domenico Zerbo, Alessandro Cappellani, Pierfrancesco Veroux, Laura Parrinello and Massimiliano Veroux
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7316
  7. Rupture of the distal musculotendinous junction of the medial head of the gastrocnemius, also known as "tennis leg", can be readily examined using a soft tissue ultrasound. Loss of muscle fiber continuity and ...

    Authors: Carl PC Chen, Simon FT Tang, Chih-Chin Hsu, Ruo Li Chen, Rex CH Hsu, Chin-Wen Wu and Max JL Chen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7291
  8. Visceral leishmaniasis is a potentially life-threatening infectious disease which is caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania and characterized in most cases by the presence of fever as well as signs and sympt...

    Authors: Lydia Giannitrapani, Maurizio Soresi, Emanuele La Spada, Claudio Tripodo and Giuseppe Montalto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7265
  9. We report the case of a 25-year-old Caucasian woman with symptomatic monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the fourth lumbar vertebral body. The patient suffered from a five-week history of progressive low back pain...

    Authors: Marieke N Snieders, Folkert J van Kemenade and Barend J van Royen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7227
  10. Isolated long thoracic nerve injury causes paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle. Patients with serratus anterior palsy may present with periscapular pain, weakness, limitation of shoulder elevation and sc...

    Authors: Ebrahim Ameri, Hamid Behtash and Farzad Omidi-Kashani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7366
  11. Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease that mostly involves the lungs. Its association with malignancies has been well documented. Several mechanisms have been proposed that may underlie this concurrence inclu...

    Authors: Ozden Ozer, Ahmet Emre Eskazan, M Cem Ar, Hüseyin Beköz, Fehmi Tabak, Gül Ongen and Burhan Ferhanoglu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7306
  12. Perioperative spinal myoclonus is extremely rare. Many anaesthetists and perioperative practitioners may not diagnose or manage this complication appropriately when it occurs. This case report of unusual acute...

    Authors: Olumuyiwa A Bamgbade, John A Alfa, Wael M Khalaf and Andrew P Zuokumor
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7293
  13. Cornual heterotopic pregnancy is a very rare condition; its incidence remains unknown. We report a case of cornual heterotopic pregnancy managed by laparoscopy and guided methotrexate injection into the cornua...

    Authors: Olivier Poujade, Guillaume Ducarme and Dominique Luton
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7233
  14. Spontaneous non-occlusive ischemic colitis involving the cecum alone (isolated cecal necrosis) is a rare condition that is generally due to a low-flow state: shock. It presents with right lower quadrant abdomi...

    Authors: Abuzer Dirican, Bulent Unal, Nuray Bassulu, Faik Tatlı, Cemalettin Aydin and Cuneyt Kayaalp
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7443
  15. Neoplasms of the placenta are uncommon. Tumors arising from the placental tissue include two distinct histological types: the benign vascular tumor, chorangioma, and very rarely, choriocarcinoma. Benign leiomy...

    Authors: Katja Murtoniemi, Elina Pirinen, Marketta Kähkönen, Nonna Heiskanen and Seppo Heinonen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7302
  16. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a rare low-grade soft tissue neoplasm with trunk and extremities being the most common sites of involvement. We report a rare case of male breast with dermatofibrosarcoma pro...

    Authors: Xin Chen, Yung Hsin Chen, Yi-li Zhang, You-min Guo, Zhi-lan Bai and Xian Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:8246
  17. Myasthenia gravis is a rare neuromuscular disorder associated with a reduction in the availability of acetylcholine receptors at the post-synaptic membranes of skeletal muscles. This is caused by the productio...

    Authors: Benoit Drolet, Geneviève Gabra, Chantale Simard, Bernard Noël and Paul Poirier
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:8219
  18. Two types of gliomatosis cerebri exist: Type I and Type II. We report the results of a histological and genetic study of two cases of gliomatosis cerebri Type II, correlating these results with therapy and pro...

    Authors: Pietro Ivo D'Urso, Oscar Fernando D'Urso, Santo Marsigliante, Carlo Storelli, Alessandro Distante, Francesca Sanguedolce, Antonia Cimmino, Giuseppe Luzi, Cosimo Damiano Gianfreda, Antonio Montinaro and Pasqualino Ciappetta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7225
  19. Anticonvulsant drugs taken by pregnant women to prevent seizures are among the most common causes of potential harm to the fetus. While the immediate harmful effects manifesting as congenital abnormalities are...

    Authors: Alice Liguori and Stefano Cianfarani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7300
  20. Soft tissue sarcomas are rare tumours that are infrequently seen in most surgical practices. They can occur in any anatomic region of the body. The size of a soft tissue sarcoma is an important prognostic vari...

    Authors: Ismaila A Adigun, Kolawole O Ogundipe and Jibril O Bello
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7267
  21. Autonomic innervation of the bladder is complex and regulated by a hierarchy of mechanisms of the central nervous system. Any dysfunction in these regulatory mechanisms can lead to acute urinary retention.

    Authors: Omer A Raheem, Ronan M Long, Rowan G Casey, Frank T D'Arcy and Thomas H Lynch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6757
  22. The association of human immunodeficiency virus and immune dysfunction leading to development of autoimmune markers is well described, but human immunodeficiency virus infection is relatively protective for th...

    Authors: Iain J Abbott, Christina C Chang, Matthew J Skinner, Alison Street, Greg Perry, Catriona McLean, Edwina J Wright and Paul U Cameron
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7289
  23. Osteoradionecrosis of the mandible and temporal bones has been extensively reported in literature, but cases of avascular necrosis of the cervical spine following radiotherapy to the larynx appear to be extrem...

    Authors: Frederik Carl van Wyk, Manu-priya Sharma and Robert Tranter
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7262
  24. Burkitt lymphoma and B cell lymphomas in childhood may arise in many atypical locations, which on rare occasions can include gastric mucosa. A case of primary gastric Burkitt lymphoma is described in a child p...

    Authors: Jenny Hui Chia Chieng, John Garrett, Steven Leslie Ding and Michael Sullivan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7256
  25. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. Mortality in pregnant patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension related to connective tissue disease is as high as 56%. Th...

    Authors: Michael Streit, Rudolf Speich, Manuel Fischler and Silvia Ulrich
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7255
  26. The distant metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinomas are often untreatable. In particular, bone metastasis is significantly related to poor prognosis since radioactive iodine therapy is generally less...

    Authors: Nobuyasu Suganuma, Nobuyuki Wada, Hiromasa Arai, Hirotaka Nakayama, Keita Fujii, Katsuhiko Masudo, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda and Toshio Imada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7259
  27. Radial nerve compression by a ganglion in the radial tunnel is not common. Compressive neuropathies of the radial nerve in the radial tunnel can occur anywhere along the course of the nerve and may lead to var...

    Authors: I-Ming Jou, Hung-Nan Wang, Ping-Hui Wang, Ing-Sing Yong and Wei-Ren Su
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7258
  28. Paraneoplastic glomerulopathies are rare manifestations of neoplastic disease to be distinguished from iatrogenic renal damage. Solid tumors are preferentially associated with membranous nephropathy, whereas H...

    Authors: Justine Bacchetta, Dominique Ranchère, Frédérique Dijoud and Jean-Pierre Droz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7248
  29. A patient with a neglected, compound acutely ruptured false aneurysm of the brachial artery which developed after a periprosthetic fracture of the right humerus, is reported.

    Authors: Elias Panagiotopoulos, Efstratios Athanaselis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Georgios Kasimatis, John Gliatis and Ioannis Tsolakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6627
  30. According to the International Association for the Study of Pain criteria of 1994, pain is a diagnostic requirement for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type I. However, other authors have suggested that patient...

    Authors: AJ Shyam Kumar, SKS Wong and JG Andrew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7271
  31. Burned-out testicular tumour is a very rare clinical entity. There is no clinical finding in the testicle, because it regresses spontaneously with no treatment, and generally presents with metastases. Abdomina...

    Authors: Mehmet Yucel, Sahin Kabay, Ugur Saracoglu, Soner Yalcinkaya, Namik Kemal Hatipoglu and Erol Aras
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7266
  32. Ollier's disease is a rare nonhereditary disorder characterized by multiple enchondromas with a predilection for unilateral distribution. Malignant changes in Ollier's disease may occur in adult patients. Radi...

    Authors: Babak Fallahi, Morteza Bostani, Kianoush Ansari Gilani, Davood Beiki and Ali Gholamrezanezhad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7759
  33. Bouveret's syndrome is characterized by gastric outlet obstruction due to a gallstone in the duodenum, usually in association with a cholecystoduodenal fistula.

    Authors: Shruti Mittal, Robert P Sutcliffe, Ashish Rohatgi and Simon W Atkinson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7301
  34. We report an unusual case of upper airway compromise complicated by thyroid storm in a pregnant woman with Graves' disease, ending with the in utero death of the fetus. This complication might have developed due ...

    Authors: Recep Yildizhan, Mertihan Kurdoglu, Ertan Adali and Ali Kolusari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7297
  35. Scrotal lymphedema is common in the tropics and subtropics. The giant variants can cause a lot of physical disability and psychological disturbances.

    Authors: Ganiyu A Rahman, Ismaila A Adigun, Ibrahim F Yusuf, Adebiyi B Aderibigbe and Amarachukwu C Etonyeaku
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7295
  36. Diverticular disease of the colon is a common benign condition. The majority of patients with diverticular disease are asymptomatic and are managed non-operatively, however complications such as perforation, b...

    Authors: Jacqueline E. Collin, Gurprit S. S. Atwal, William K. Dunn and Austin G. Acheson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7075
  37. Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive primary cutaneous neuroendocrine malignant tumor. The tumor has a high rate of local recurrence after surgical removal. Spontaneous regression appears to be relat...

    Authors: Tamara Turk, Zeljka Crncevic Orlic, Ivana Smoljan, Antica Nacinovic, Irena Seili Bekafigo, Jelena Radic and Gordana Zamolo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7270
  38. Many different prosthetic materials have been used for repair of large posterolateral congenital diaphragmatic hernias, which cannot be primarily repaired. Almost 50% of patch repaired diaphragmatic hernias wi...

    Authors: Basil Bekdash, Baljit Singh and Kokila Lakhoo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7237

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