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  1. Content type: Case report

    Cutaneous larva migrans is a neglected zoonotic helminthic disease which is paradoxically underreported in low-income and middle-income countries from where a majority of the cases emanate. It presents as migr...

    Authors: Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Benjamin Momo Kadia and Christian Akem Dimala

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:270

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Meckel’s diverticulum, with an incidence of 2%, is the most common congenital anomaly in the gastrointestinal tract. Its main complications are perforation, obstruction, and bleeding. A few studies have report...

    Authors: Sharfuddin Chowdhury, Abdullah Maher Alenazi and Yam Alwi Alharthi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:269

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Niemann–Pick disease is caused by reduced level of the lysosomal enzyme acid sphingomyelinase. Children can survive between 2 and 12 years based on the disease type. Two main types are well known: type A and B...

    Authors: Abedelmajeed Nasereddin and Suheir Ereqat

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:272

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura is very rarely encountered in children. It is often misdiagnosed initially when the condition is not inherited.

    Authors: Hamidah Alias, Woon Lee Yong, Farah Azima Abdul Muttlib, Ho Wai Koo, C-Khai Loh, Sie Chong Doris Lau, Hafiza Alauddin and Raja Zahratul Azma

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:276

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  5. Content type: Case report

    The use of electrocardiogram for sex verification in adults is an emerging concept in medicine. It is feasible through the utilization of Ogunlade Sex Determination Electrocardiographic Score. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Muritala A. Asafa, Rahman A. Bolarinwa, Omotayo A. Eluwole, Bolanle O. Ibitoye, Adesoji M. Adegoke and Oluwadare Ogunlade

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:268

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Pneumoperitoneum poses an important diagnostic sign determining the urgency of management of patients in an emergency department. Chilaiditi sign is a rare radiologic finding of large intestines transposition ...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Gad, Muneer J. Al-Husseini, Sami Salahia, Anas M. Saad and Ramy Amin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:263

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Great progress has recently been made in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including the introduction of nivolumab, an immune checkpoint inhibitor. Despite promising results, this treatment bri...

    Authors: Jindřich Kopecký, Ondřej Kubeček, Tomáš Geryk, Birgita Slováčková, Petr Hoffmann, Miroslav Žiaran and Peter Priester

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:262

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Reversed rotation of the midgut is the rarest variation of midgut malrotations, which are congenital disorders that result from aberrant rotation and fixation of the midgut during embryological development. Co...

    Authors: Dominik Deniffel, Sebastian M. Goerke, Ernst J. Rummeny and Jörg Laubenberger

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:261

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Early dumping syndrome characterized by palpitation, dizziness, cold sweat, feebleness, and abdominal symptoms, occurs within 30 minutes after meals in patients who have undergone gastrectomy. This case report...

    Authors: Jun Takeshita, Kei Nishiyama, Satoru Beppu, Nozomu Sasahashi and Nobuaki Shime

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:259

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Respiratory syncytial virus is the most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children. While the majority of infants display only mild upper respiratory tract infection or oc...

    Authors: Katarzyna Woicka-Kolejwa, Henryk Mazurek and Iwona Stelmach

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:258

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Cutaneous adverse reactions to medications are extremely common and display characteristic clinical morphology. A fixed drug eruption is a cutaneous adverse drug reaction due to type IV or delayed cell-mediate...

    Authors: Calypse Asangbe Ngwasiri, Martin Hongieh Abanda and Leopold Ndemnge Aminde

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:254

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia typically present with high white blood cell counts revealed during annual checkups. Leukemic arthritis and hypercalcemia are rare manifestations in patients with chronic...

    Authors: Pongprueth Rujirachun, Apichaya Junyavoraluk, Weerapat Owattanapanich, Voraparee Suvannarerg and Sirinart Sirinvaravong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:257

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a rare benign neoplasm that frequently involves the lung and abdominopelvic region, and is found mainly in children and young adults. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor te...

    Authors: Yong-sub Na and Sang-gon Park

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:253

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Trigeminal neuralgia is a rare cause of postoperative pain after ophthalmic surgery and has only been described twice in the international literature: one case of pain after vitrectomy with a crystalline lens ...

    Authors: María del Pilar Lucena, Federico Furno Sola, Mitzy E. Torres Soriano and Fanny Andrea Gerster

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:256

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  15. Content type: Case report

    The association between pemphigus and malignancy has been well documented for decades but an association between pemphigus vulgaris and multiple myeloma is unusual. We report a case of pemphigus vulgaris revea...

    Authors: Fandresena Arilala Sendrasoa, Irina Mamisoa Ranaivo, Mendrika Fifaliana Rakotoarisaona, Onivola Raharolahy, Naina Harinjara Razanakoto, Malalaniaina Andrianarison, Lala Soavina Ramarozatovo and Fahafahantsoa Rapelanoro Rabenja

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:255

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Von Hippel-Lindau disease is a rare hereditary syndrome caused by germinal mutations in a von Hippel-Lindau tumor-suppressing gene. Retinal hemangioblastoma is the ocular hallmark lesion of von Hippel-Lindau d...

    Authors: Angelo Maria Minnella, Valeria Pagliei, Martina Maceroni, Matteo Federici, Gloria Gambini and Aldo Caporossi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:248

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation for degenerated aortic bioprostheses is an effective option for patients at high risk for redo surgery, even if it may be burdened by complications more c...

    Authors: Angelo Buscaglia, Giacomo Tini, Gian Paolo Bezante, Claudio Brunelli and Manrico Balbi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:247

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Immunotherapy treatment with immune-checkpoint blockade has become a new paradigm in cancer treatment. Despite its efficacy, it has also given rise to a new class of adverse events, immune-related adverse even...

    Authors: Lucia Carril-Ajuria, Elisabeth Jiménez-Aguilar, Carlos Gómez-Martín and Carmen Díaz-Pedroche

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:246

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Chronic expanding hematoma is a rare entity resulting from trauma or surgery. This condition usually occurs in soft tissue, such as the trunk or extremities, while chronic expanding hematoma arising from bone ...

    Authors: Masayuki Morishita, Hitomi Hara, Etsuko Katayama, Teruya Kawamoto, Naomasa Fukase, Toshiyuki Takemori, Shuichi Fujiwara, Kotaro Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda and Toshihiro Akisue

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:265

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Upper airway abnormalities in the newborn are associated with obstructive breathing but not with mixed apneas. A tracheostomy is necessary to treat severe obstructive apneas but will not have an effect on the ...

    Authors: M. A. Riedijk, A. M. König-Jung, J. B. M. van Woensel and F. H. Kruisinga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:267

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  21. Content type: Case report

    This case report presents the treatment of a large infected skin defect, which was caused by an accidental explosion, through a skin-stretching device combined with vacuum sealing drainage. To the best of our ...

    Authors: Ying Lei, Lei Liu, Si-Heng Du, Zhao-Wen Zong, Lian-Yang Zhang and Qing-Shan Guo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:264

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Diagnosis and treatment of primary lung adenocarcinoma in children remains challenging given its rarity. Here we highlight the clinical history, pathological evaluation, genomic findings, and management of a v...

    Authors: Lucia De Martino, Maria Elena Errico, Serena Ruotolo, Daniele Cascone, Stefano Chiaravalli, Paola Collini, Andrea Ferrari, Paolo Muto, Giuseppe Cinalli and Lucia Quaglietta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:243

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Takayasu’s arteritis is extremely rare in children aged below 6 years. At the onset of Takayasu’s arteritis in children, symptoms are varied but differ from those in adults. Corticosteroids are the mainstay of...

    Authors: Ryo Higaki, Aya Miyazaki, Yujiro Tajiri, Mikihito Shoji, Shun Saito, Shin-ichiro Yoshimura, Naoki Miki, Kazuhiro Hatta and Hiraku Doi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:266

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, a group A streptococcus, infection is a rare condition that rapidly progresses to multiple organ failure, shock, and death. It is thus importan...

    Authors: Yukio Mizuguchi, Norimasa Taniguchi and Akihiko Takahashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:244

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Dengue fever is the commonest mosquito-borne illness in the tropics and subtropics. Renal transplantation is one of the ever expanding modes of treatment of end-stage renal disease. Hepatitis B is a common inf...

    Authors: Ranga Migara Weerakkody, Dhammika Randula Palangasinghe and Eranga Sanjeewa Wijewickrama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:260

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Paraneoplastic pemphigus is a rare multiorgan disease of autoimmune causes, usually triggered by neoplasias, mainly of lymphoproliferative origin, such as leukemia and lymphoma. This disorder is categorized by...

    Authors: Richard Lucas Konichi-Dias, Aline Fernanda Ramos, Mauricio Eiji de Almeida Santos Yamashita and Cristiane Botelho Miranda Cárcano

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:252

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Fibrous dysplasia is a rare benign, intramedullary, fibro-osseous lesion. It is thought to be a developmental disorder of bone maturation where normal lamellar bone is replaced by irregular trabecular bone ens...

    Authors: David Yung, Kazutaka Kikuta, Tetsuya Sekita, Naofumi Asano, Robert Nakayama, Masaya Nakamura and Morio Matsumoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:240

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Adolescents rarely present with breast lumps, and such lumps are usually due to benign causes. Foreign bodies in the breast are an uncommon finding and could be detected incidentally during imaging or be sympt...

    Authors: Wafaa Ghazali, Kholoud Awagi, Ghadah AlZahrani, Laila Ashkar and Zuhoor AlGaithy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:236

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Microphthalmia and anophthalmia are rare congenital fetal abnormalities. The combined incidence is estimated at 1 in 10,000 births. These two conditions arise from complex and incompletely understood genetic a...

    Authors: A. Searle, P. Shetty, S. J. Melov and T. I. Alahakoon

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:250

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Osteoarthritis is a prevalent chronic disease that impacts quality of life and imposes a heavy economic burden. Despite this there is no confirmed treatment that could prevent progressive destruction of osteoa...

    Authors: Bora Bright, Ralph Bright, Pelin Bright and Amita Limaye

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:238

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  31. Content type: Case report

    The myopathic form of carnitine palmitoyltransferase type II deficiency is an inherited autosomal recessive metabolic myopathy usually starting in childhood. Most reports have been on European and Japanese pop...

    Authors: Daniela Avila-Smirnow, Audrey Boutron, María de Los Ángeles Beytía-Reyes, Oscar Contreras-Olea, Alfredo Caicedo-Feijoo, Roger Gejman-Enríquez, Raúl Escobar-Henríquez and Jorge Förster-Mujica

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:249

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Chordoma is a rare malignant tumor of the skull base and axial skeleton, with an incidence of less than 0.1/100,000 per year. Patients with advanced chordoma have a poor prognosis due to locoregional recurrenc...

    Authors: Ozkan Alan, Tugba Akin Telli, Ozlem Ercelep, Eda Tanrikulu Simsek, Tugba Basoglu Tuylu, Aydan Mutis, Rahib Hasanov, Serap Kaya, Nalan Akgül Babacan, Faysal Dane and Perran Fulden Yumuk

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:239

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  33. Content type: Case report

    The sensitiveness and stigma associated with sexual assault deter many victims from speaking about their experiences. This silence of victims worsens the problem, especially in patriarchal communities like Eth...

    Authors: Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete and Yimenu Mehretie Adinew

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:231

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Neuroendocrine cell carcinoma is a rare variant of esophageal carcinoma. The characteristic clinical features and diagnosis of superficial neuroendocrine cell carcinoma remain to be established. We report a ra...

    Authors: Shintaro Fujihara, Masahiko Kobayashi, Masako Nishi, Tatsuo Yachida, Akira Yoshitake, Akihiro Deguchi, Atsushi Muraoka, Hideki Kobara and Tsutomu Masaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:227

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Epidermoid cysts of the external genitalia are one of the late complications of female genital mutilation. These cysts are usually small and painless. The presentation of a giant vulvar cyst in a postmenopausa...

    Authors: Wondimu Gudu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:230

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare tumor, which may be primary or secondary to breast surgery or irradiation. It is characterized by polymorphic and nonspecific clinical and radiological features. A patholog...

    Authors: Youssef Mahdi, Lamiaa Rouas, Abderrahmane Malihy, Najat Lamalmi and Zaitouna Alhamany

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:228

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Amyloidosis is a very rare disease that is difficult to diagnose because of the unspecific early clinical manifestations of the disease. Accurate and early diagnosis is extremely important because the effect o...

    Authors: Se-Hee Yoon, Jang-Hee Cho, Hee-Yeon Jung, Won-Min Hwang, Sung-Ro Yun, Ji-Young Choi, Sun-Hee Park, Chan-Duck Kim, Mee-Seon Kim and Yong-Lim Kim

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:241

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Patients with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction who do not exhibit a dynamic pressure gradient at rest, experience pressure gradient increases of ≥ 30 mmHg only during specific situations; this is cal...

    Authors: Toshinobu Yamagishi, Takahiro Tanabe, Hiroshi Fujita, Kazuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Yukawa, Kazuhiro Sugiyama and Yuichi Hamabe

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:229

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  39. Content type: Case report

    We report a rare case of Phialophora verrucosa fungal keratitis, which required various types of treatment according to the intractable natural history of the disease.

    Authors: Marisa Taechajongjintana, Ngamjit Kasetsuwan, Usanee Reinprayoon, Sirinuch Sawanwattanakul and Phattrawan Pisuchpen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:225

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Tuberculosis is the leading infectious cause of death worldwide. Among native Swiss people, tuberculosis is more common in older people than in younger people. Approximately 25–30% of reported cases of tubercu...

    Authors: Luisa Kramer, Vanessa Geib, John Evison, Ekkehardt Altpeter, Jasmin Basedow and Jan Brügger

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:237

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Metformin toxicity is well known to cause lactic acidosis. Multiple cases of hypoglycemia due to isolated metformin overdose have been reported. Increased glucose consumption secondary to anaerobic metabolism ...

    Authors: Sarah Aldobeaban, Bandr Mzahim and Abdussalam Ali Alshehri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:223

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Parosteal osteosarcomas are usually low-grade tumors, however, sometimes they transform to high-grade tumors, which is named dedifferentiation. This phenomenon has been reported in long bones. Recently, we enc...

    Authors: Hidetaka Miyashita, Kazunari Yoshida, Tomoya Soma, Kaori Kameyama, Aya Sasaki, Masanori Hisaoka, Masaki Yazawa, Hideo Morioka, Moe Takahashi, Taneaki Nakagawa and Hiromasa Kawana

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:235

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Bartter’s syndrome is a rare genetic tubulopathy affecting the loop of Henle leading to salt wasting. It is commonly seen in utero or in early neonatal period. Rare cases of acquired Bartter’s syndrome are report...

    Authors: Chamara Dalugama, Manoji Pathirage and S. A. M. Kularatne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:222

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