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  1. Wolfram syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder that affects 1/200,000 to 1/1,000,000 children. It is characterized by juvenile onset diabetes, optic nerve atrophy and other systemic ...

    Authors: Maryem Sahli, Abdelali Zrhidri, Imad Boualaoui, Imane Cherkaoui Jaouad, Youssef El Kadiri, Yassine Nouini and Abdelaziz Sefiani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:409
  2. Autoimmune bullous disorders develop due to autoantibodies targeting intercellular adhesion proteins of hemidesmosomes and desmosomes and may be triggered by viral infections and vaccines. Recent reports sugge...

    Authors: Cody J. Rasner, Brittney Schultz, Kimberly Bohjanen and David R. Pearson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:408
  3. The BRCA2 gene is a well-known tumor suppressor gene implicated in breast and ovarian cancers. BRCA1/2 mutations can be sensitive to poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors such as olaparib. However, some of...

    Authors: Auro del Giglio, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves, André Márcio Murad and Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:407
  4. Transplant recipients are at high risk of coronavirus disease 2019, and a timely supply of antivirals should be prioritized for those patients. Complicated drug‒drug interactions limit the use of Paxlovid (nir...

    Authors: Wei Luo, Yu He, Mao Gang Wei, Guang Bing Lu and Qun Yi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:406
  5. Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen is a relatively rare benign vascular lesion in both adult and pediatric age groups with unclear etiopathogenesis and variable clinical presentations....

    Authors: Neda Soleimani, Bita Geramizadeh, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Ali Bahador, Dornaz Safavi, Sahand Mohammadzadeh, S. Saeed Kasaee and Abbas Ayoub
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:404
  6. Myxomas are the most prevalent type of heart tumors, mainly occurring in the left atrium, with approximately 20% of cases found in the right atrium. Timely diagnosis and appropriate management of myxomas are c...

    Authors: Mira Hamdan, Boutros Alam and Antoine Kossaify
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:403
  7. Sildenafil is a selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension. It is available over the counter in many countries. While there have been...

    Authors: Ali Torkashvand, Pasha Anvari, Siavash Ketabi and Esmaeil Asadi Khameneh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:399
  8. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is one of the most severe complications after transplantation, caused by uncontrolled proliferation of Epstein–Barr virus-positive B-cells in the setting of chronic ...

    Authors: Alireza Keshtkar, Fereshteh Karbasian, Hamid Reihani, Farnaz Atighi, Seyyed-Bozorgmehr Hedayati, Maryam Ataollahi, Bita Geramizadeh and Seyed Mohsen Dehghani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:396
  9. Acrometastasis is an uncommon finding in non-small cell lung cancer and is usually a sign of multimetastatic disease. Few case reports have suggested solitary digital metastasis as the single secondary lesion ...

    Authors: Alexandra-Ioana Pușcașu, Fabien Moinard-Butot, Delphine Antoni, Roland Schott and Laura Somme
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:395
  10. Metformin-induced lactic acidosis with acute kidney injury is rare but well known. Here we report a case of a Japanese patient taking metformin who experienced severe acute renal failure accompanied with signi...

    Authors: Maho Ariga, Junichiro Hagita, Midori Soda, Yasuhisa Oida, Hitomi Teramachi and Kiyoyuki Kitaichi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:393
  11. Intrahepatic vascular shunts “IHVS” are abnormal communications between intra-hepatic vasculature involving the arterial, portal, or hepatic venous system. Arterio-portal fistula “APF” is an intrahepatic commu...

    Authors: Heba Taher, ElSayed Kidr, Ahmed Kamal, Mohamed ElGobashy, Shady Mashhour, Amr Nassef, Sherifa Tawfik, Gamal El Tagy, Muayad Shaban, Haytham Eltantawi and Khaled S. Abdullateef
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:412
  12. Intussusception is a rare condition in adults, accounting for 5% of intestinal intussusception and being responsible for approximately 1% of all adult bowel obstructions. Neoplastic origin is the most common e...

    Authors: Aliou Zabeirou, Boubacar Efared, Lassey James Didier, Hama Younssa, Saidou Adama, Younoussa Moussa and Sani Rachid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:392
  13. Patients who experience angina and acute myocardial infarction often receive diagnostic coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention.

    Authors: Ali Asghar Farsavian, Mahya Mobinikhaledi, Parastoo Ghorbani and Erfan Ghadirzadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:389
  14. Rathke’s cleft cysts are thought to have a benign clinical outcome apart from associated hypopituitarism and visual defects. Synchronous central nervous system lesions, including pituitary adenoma and intracer...

    Authors: Nipun Lakshitha de Silva, Hemantha Gunathilaka, Saman Wadanamby, Manilka Sumanatilleke and Noel Somasundaram
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:388
  15. Immune checkpoint inhibitors might cause immune-related adverse events that are still largely unknown.

    Authors: Hiroaki Iijima, Akihiro Sakai, Koji Ebisumoto, Mayu Yamauchi, Takanobu Teramura, Aritomo Yamazaki, Toshihide Inagi and Kenji Okami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:387
  16. Small airways disease (SAD), a novel finding described in post-acute COVID-19 patients, should be suspected when respiratory symptoms continue, air trapping persists on expiratory CT scans, and imaging finding...

    Authors: Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda, Maria F. Osorio, Karla Robles-Velasco, Juan C. Calderón, Arturo Cortés-Télles, Jorge Zambrano, Cristian Guarderas, Belen Intriago and Laura Gochicoa-Rangel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:386
  17. Obstructive jaundice has various causes, and one of the rarest is pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm (PDAA), which is often associated with celiac axis stenosis caused by median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS).

    Authors: Javad Jalili, Reza Javadrashid, Dara Alvandfar, Masih Falahatian, Ali Jafarizadeh, Samin Alihosseini and Seyedeh Elnaz Hashemizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:385
  18. Isolated Patellar Aplasia Hypoplasia is a very rare autosomal dominant disorder. Its treatment depends on the clinical manifestations that can vary widely. The lack of active extension, which can be responsibl...

    Authors: Mohamed Laroussi Toumia, Ahmed Amine Mohseni, Souha Bennour, Mohamed Nabil Nessib, Rim Boussetta and Sami Bouchoucha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:384
  19. Vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia is associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 vaccines. It has been reported by vector-based vaccines. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report about vacci...

    Authors: Mohammad Sistanizad, Tahereh Sabaghian, Hossein Amini, Fahimeh Hadavand, Mahmood Nabavi, Mehran Kouchek, Mir Mohammad Miri, Sara Salarian, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei and Omid Moradi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:383
  20. Clostridium botulinum is an anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that forms spores and the neurotoxin botulinum. It is best known for its toxin-induced flaccid paralytic disease, which is deadly without...

    Authors: P. M. L. Zomer and M. J. A. Kamps
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:401
  21. We report a case of prenatal coronavirus disease 2019, which evolved 6 days after birth into severe pneumonia with signs of multiple organ failure, in a mother with asymptomatic coronavirus disease 2019.

    Authors: Narcisse Elenga, Maman Rabiou Aboubacar Ahidan, Régine Buende Eyenga and Dandjeffo Houadjeto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:382
  22. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare small vessel vasculitis predominantly affecting upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys. Unilateral diaphragmatic palsy could be a rare manifestation of G...

    Authors: Ujjwol Prasad Risal, Raju Prasad Pangeni, Rakshya Pandey, Pradeep Raj Regmi, Aditi Karki and Avish Shah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:381
  23. Acute myeloid leukemia is a rare event in post-liver-transplantation recipients. In the present report, we described a case of extramedullary acute myeloid leukemia, M4/M5 subtype, following orthotopic liver tran...

    Authors: Farhad Zamani, Hanie Karimi, Mohsenreza Mansoorian, Ali Basi, S. Ahmad Hosseini, Zahra Zahed, Nasim Seyedghasemipour and Roghayeh Sahraie
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:398
  24. Bariatric surgery candidates commonly suffer from conditions that constitute the metabolic syndrome. But they also have a higher risk for autoimmune and malignant diseases. Obesity-associated comorbidities asi...

    Authors: Lena Seidemann and Arne Dietrich
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:379
  25. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized therapy of advanced and metastatic cancers. However, a significant proportion of patients do not respond to immune checkpoint inhibitors or develop resistance. ...

    Authors: Konstantin Föhse, Priya A. Debisarun, Gizem Kilic, Joyce M. van Dodewaard-de Jong and Mihai G. Netea
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:377
  26. Prostate cancer has been well known to have a high prevalence among middle-aged and older men, with high incidence of metastases to the bone—the main metastatic site. However, prostate cancer among those less ...

    Authors: Kazutaka Iijima, Toshizo Takayama, Satoko Shindo, Rika Moku, Koya Sawai, Rio Honma, Naoki Hyakushima, Tomoshige Akino, Yumiko Oyamada and Yasushi Tsuji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:376
  27. Intrauterine devices are a widely used method of contraception worldwide. These devices are reliable, cost-effective, long-acting, and reversible. Their placement in the uterus is usually simple and safe. Forg...

    Authors: Temesgen Tilahun, Asfaw Tadesse and Rut Oljira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:397
  28. Since the identification of multiple therapeutic targets, as is the case of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation, the paradigm of treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has improve...

    Authors: João Vasco Barreira, José Leão Mendes and Anuraj Parmanande
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:374
  29. There is some evidence supporting the idea that double parathyroid adenomas represent a different entity from multiglandular hyperplasia; however, the distinction among them is not straightforward.

    Authors: Carolina Martínez-Loya, Dalai E. Granados-Gutiérrez, Anagabriela Torrens-Chacón, David A. Rodríguez-Luna, Zabdy E. Frayre-García, Leonela Villegas-Vázquez and Luis B. Enríquez-Sánchez
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:373
  30. There could be misdiagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 for malaria and vice versa because of their similar presentations, particularly when clinicians rely mainly on symptoms for diagnosis. Coinfection with c...

    Authors: Gashaw Solela, Addis Aschenek, Mikale Dawit and Getachew Wondafrash
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:391
  31. Mediastinal Liposarcoma (ML) is an exceedingly rare neoplasm, accounting for less than 1% of all liposarcomas. Surgical resection is the most effective therapeutic modality, while adjuvant radiation therapy ma...

    Authors: Jamal Ataya, Ali Alakbar Nahle, Hussein Hamdar, Amjad Sikaria and Younes Souleiman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:372
  32. Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign neoplasm with a broad spectrum of presentations. The treatment of FD in the hip region is controversial among orthopedic surgeons. Several treatment options exist, including ...

    Authors: Alireza Moharrami, Peyman Mirghaderi, Mir Mansour Moazen-Jamshidi, Nima Hoseini Zare, Sadula Sharifpour and S. M. Javad Mortazavi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:371
  33. Wolman disease is a rare disease caused by the absence of functional liposomal acid lipase due to mutations in LIPA gene. It presents with organomegaly, malabsorption, and adrenal calcifications. The presentation...

    Authors: Kosar Asna Ashari, Aileen Azari-Yam, Mohammad Shahrooei and Vahid Ziaee
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:369
  34. A spontaneous rupture of an omental vessel can cause severe intraabdominal hemorrhage. We present a case of idiopathic omental hemorrhage caused by a vascular malformation. The literature is systematically rev...

    Authors: Fatemeh Rashidi, Alireza Samimiat, Niloofar Jafarimehrabady and Reza Hajebi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:368
  35. Deep neck space infections are uncommon in infants. Retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is a deep space neck infection that can present with subtle signs and symptoms. Delay in diagnosis can lead to life-threatening...

    Authors: Ayaz Ur Rehman, Salman Khan, Awais Abbas, Hamdan Ahmad Pasha, Qalab Abbas and Naveed Ur Rehman Siddiqui
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:367
  36. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by mononuclear cell infiltration and small and medium-sized blood vessel destruction leading to r...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Kitamoto, Yasushi Tanaka, Tomohiko Kuboyama, Youhei Fujiki, Kodo Tomida, Takao Kamimori and Shigeo Hara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:366
  37. Intestinal Malrotation is congenital that complicates 1 in every 200 births. It results from abnormal fixation and rotation of the gut tube during fetal development. It is usually asymptomatic and most cases a...

    Authors: Almuntasir beallah Eltayb, Albra Hegazi, Osaman Elhag and Amro Abdelgadir
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:378
  38. Chest X-ray offers high sensitivity and acceptable specificity as a tuberculosis screening tool, but in areas with a high burden of tuberculosis, there is often a lack of radiological expertise to interpret ch...

    Authors: Naomi Glaser, Shannon Bosman, Thandanani Madonsela, Alastair van Heerden, Kamele Mashaete, Bulemba Katende, Irene Ayakaka, Keelin Murphy, Aita Signorell, Lutgarde Lynen, Jens Bremerich and Klaus Reither
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:365
  39. The Warburg effect is a rare condition in tumor biology, illustrated by significant lactate production in the presence of oxygen. The Warburg effect is associated with very poor prognosis in patients with mali...

    Authors: Yenong Cao, Margaret C. Liu, Emma L. Hanlon, York Chen, Muhammad Z. Afzal, Christi A. Hayes and John M. Hill Jr
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:380
  40. Melioidosis is a serious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei which affects humans and animals. It results in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, mainly in the respiratory tract, prog...

    Authors: Dilbert Silva Velôso, Samuel Pinheiro da Silva, Conceição Maria Sousa de Coelho, José Miguel Luz Parente, Thaline Alves Elias Veloso, Murilo Moura Lima, Caroline Torres Sampaio, Maria Fátima Alencar Bezerra de Freitas, Dionne Bezerra Rolim, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos and Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:362
  41. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), defined by thrombotic events or obstetric complications in the presence of persistently high antiphospholipid antibodies, is characterized by a wide variety of clinical present...

    Authors: Nastaran-Sadat Hosseini, Sharareh Babaei, Hamid Rahimi, Alaleh Gheissari, Banafsheh Sedaghat, Mahsa Pourmahdi-Boroujeni and Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:375

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