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  1. Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord is a potentially reversible myelopathy typically associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. There is predominant involvement of spinal cord posterior and lateral ...

    Authors: Paula Loveland, Aaron Wong, Vinojini Vivekanandam and Wen Kwang Lim

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:336

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. There have been several reports of spontaneous closure and reopening of a macular hole, however, in most of those cases, it was observed in eyes post vitrectomy. Here, we report a case of multiple episodes of ...

    Authors: Makiko Miyamoto, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Yohei Sato, Bunsei Konose, Natsuko Mano, Hiroko Watanabe and Tsunehiko Ikeda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:335

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Inflammation of the pituitary gland can occur in a variety of primary or secondary disorders. Idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disease of the pituitary gland that can closely mimic ...

    Authors: Guive Sharifi, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Behrouz Navabakhsh, Bagher Larijani and Touraj Valeh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:334

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 is an uncommon genetic condition and presents with gait disturbances, ataxia, dysarthria, nystagmus, and cognitive and psychiatric abnormalities. Seizures are extremely uncommon i...

    Authors: Arun Swaminathan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:333

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Giant parathyroid adenoma is a rare type of parathyroid adenoma defined as weighing > 3.5 g. They present as primary hyperparathyroidism but with more elevated laboratory findings and more severe clinical pres...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Al-Hassan, Menatalla Mekhaimar, Walid El Ansari, Adham Darweesh and Abdelrahman Abdelaal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:332

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition that can affect the gut from mouth to anus. Gastroduodenal involvement is seen in less than 5% of all patients with Crohn’s disease. Among those cases, isola...

    Authors: K. Balendran, S. Udumalagala and N. M. M. Nawaraththne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:331

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Lithopedion is a word derived from the Greek words lithos, meaning stone, and paidion, meaning child, to describe a fetus that has become stony or petrified. Lithopedion is a rare complication of pregnancy which ...

    Authors: Fitsum Fikru Gebresenbet, Abdu Mengesha Mulat, Namus Muhajir Nur and Ferehiwot Bekele Getaneh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:330

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Ectodermal dysplasia is a rare genetic disorder that affects ectodermally derived structures, including teeth, nails, hair, and sweat glands. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia is the most common type, with oli...

    Authors: Reema AlNuaimi and Mohammad Mansoor

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:329

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. Here, we report a case of cutaneous lymphangitis carcinomatosa arising from cervical cancer, an extremely rare and treatment-resistant condi...

    Authors: Fumihiro Nakamura, Manabu Seino, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirotsugu Sakaki, Takeshi Sudo, Tsuyoshi Ohta, Seiji Tsutsumi and Satoru Nagase

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:328

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Methomyl is the most common cause of suicidal death but heroin is the most common cause of accidental death. The problem is to determine the exact cause and manner of death between methomyl or heroin toxicity....

    Authors: Yutti Amornlertwatana, Paitoon Narongchai and Siripun Narongchai

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:327

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Eucalyptus oil poisoning is rare in adults but is not that uncommon in children. The common side effects in children include depression in the level of consciousness, ataxia, seizures, and vomiting. Unlike in ...

    Authors: Abraham M. Ittyachen, Georgie Rajan George, Meera Radhakrishnan and Yetin Joy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:326

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe is an X-linked disorder with very low prevalence in the general population. The OCRL gene encodes the protein phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-5-phosphatase, a lipid phosph...

    Authors: P. Tatsi, G. E. Papanikolaou, T. Chartomatsidou, I. Papoulidis, A. Athanasiadis, R. Najdecki and E. Timotheou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:325

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Sudden onset of respiratory failure is one of the most fearful manifestations in intensive care units. Among the differential diagnoses of respiratory failure, tension pneumothorax is a life-threatening diseas...

    Authors: Daisuke Hasegawa, Hidefumi Komura, Ken Katsuta, Takahiro Kawaji and Osamu Nishida

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:324

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. The most common presentation is abdominal pain, dysmenor...

    Authors: Dilruba Sharmen Nishu, Md. Monir Uddin, Khadija Akter, Shameema Akter, Monira Sarmin and Sartaj Begum

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:323

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Brugmansia suaveolens is the commonest species under the Solanacea (“Angels Trumpet” in English; “Attana” in Sinhalese) plant family in Sri Lanka. It contains alkaloids like scopolamine, atropine and hyoscyamine ...

    Authors: K. P. Jayawickreme, K. V. C. Janaka and S. A. S. P. Subasinghe

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:322

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Infertility continues to be an enigmatic and emerging problem. Although in vitro fertilization has proved to be revolutionary and immensely beneficial to many people, it is far from perfect, and many women experi...

    Authors: Zakwan Khrait

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:321

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Extrahepatic bile duct duplication is an extremely rare congenital anomaly in which two common bile ducts exist. There are five different types of this anomaly and we present an unusual variant of duplication ...

    Authors: Bharat Mani Banjade, Ashish Rajbhandari, Rabin Koirala, Tuhin Shah and Chitra Lal Bhattachan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:320

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Papillary squamotransitional cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a rare neoplasm, a subtype of transitional cervical carcinoma that appears to be a variation of squamous cervical carcinoma. It has a dispos...

    Authors: Georgios Gitas, Kubilay Ertan, Achim Rody, Sascha Baum, Dimitrios Tsolakidis and Ibrahim Alkatout

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:319

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Ralstonia mannitolilytica is an emerging opportunistic pathogen that is associated with severe disease, including septic shock, meningitis, and renal transplant infections. Reports on this pathogen are limited, h...

    Authors: Michael Owusu, Godfred Acheampong, Augustina Annan, Kwadwo Sarfo Marfo, Isaac Osei, John Amuasi, Nimako Sarpong, Justin Im, Ondari D. Mogeni, Hsin-Ying Chiang, Chih-Horng Kuo, Hyon Jin Jeon, Ursula Panzner, Se Eun Park, Florian Marks, Ellis Owusu-Dabo…

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:318

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy has changed the standard drug therapy for relapsed or advanced non-small cell lung cancer; its efficacy is well-recognized by pulmonary physicians, oncologists, and thoracic...

    Authors: Takeo Hasegawa, Yuki Ozaki, Takuya Inoue, Yuzuru Watanabe, Mitsuro Fukuhara, Takumi Yamaura, Satoshi Muto, Naoyuki Okabe, Mitsunori Higuchi, Yutaka Shio and Hiroyuki Suzuki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:316

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Chronic total occlusion revascularization remains a challenging problem because of its complexity. We present a case of a patient with chronic total occlusion who was successfully revascularized with the use o...

    Authors: Yanzhuo Ma, Yuhong Peng, Gang Wang and Leisheng Ru

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:315

    Content type: Case report

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  22. To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for malignant transformation of ovarian endometrioma during dienogest therapy, which is very rare, we examined multiple cases of malignant transformation of ovar...

    Authors: Michiko Honda, Wataru Isono, Akira Tsuchiya, Ako Saito, Hiroko Tsuchiya, Reiko Matsuyama, Akihisa Fujimoto and Osamu Nishii

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:314

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness, and mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes are examples of mitochondrial diseases that are relatively common in the adult ...

    Authors: Mai Fukuda and Yoshiro Nagao

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:313

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Thrombosis of the superior vena cava with propagation to the right heart chambers can be seen in the presence of chronic indwelling catheters. Moreover, the idiopathic right atrial thrombi may become entrapped...

    Authors: Elnaz Javanshir, Seyyed-Reza Sadat-Ebrahimi, Rezayat Parvizi, Mehrnoosh Toufan and Hosein Sate

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:312

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Levothyroxine is a synthetic thyroxine and is the treatment of choice for hypothyroidism. It is a prohormone with minimal intrinsic activity. The drug is de-iodinated in peripheral tissue to form triiodothyron...

    Authors: Abbas F. Hlaihel and Mudher Z. H. Al-Khairalla

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:311

    Content type: Case report

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  26. The association of macrophage activation syndrome and primary Sjögren’s syndrome has been rarely reported in the literature. We report the first observation of this association in Africa, south of the Sahara, ...

    Authors: B. S. Kane, M. Niasse, A. Faye, N. D. Diack, B. Djiba, M. Dieng, M. Sow, A. C. Ndao, N. Diagne, S. Ndongo and A. Pouye

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:309

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Although epithelioid hemangiomas involving bone have been described in previous case reports and case series, the effects of radiation therapy on vertebral epithelioid hemangioma has not been fully reported. H...

    Authors: Aldis P. Siltumens, Na L. Smith, Rosalind F. Sharain, Michael G. Haddock and W. Michael Hooten

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:308

    Content type: Case report

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  28. A coronary cameral fistula is a rare connection between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or vein bypassing the cardiac capillary bed system. Most of these fistulae are congenital and solitary, although ...

    Authors: Deogratias A. Nkya, Greenwood Sinyangwe and Farirai Fani Takawira

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:307

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Hypercalcemia and aplastic anemia are two uncommon presentations of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that potentially worsen the disease prognosis. Although hypercalcemia has been reported in the B-cell subtypes and some ...

    Authors: Mickael Essouma, Dorothée M. Soh, Mazou N. Temgoua, Ronald M. Gobina, Aristide T. Nono, Etienne Olivier Atenguena, Mahamat Maimouna and Gloria E. Ashuntantang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:305

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Increased smartphone use among minors makes our population more prone to electrical injury. Despite regulations on electrical home safety standards, smartphones and chargers still pose a risk for severe injury...

    Authors: Sem F. Hardon, Pieter J. Haasnoot and Annebeth Meij- de Vries

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:304

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Typhoid fever is a human-specific disease caused by a bacterium, Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhi. It is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food or water. It is mostly diagnosed by...

    Authors: Aneley Getahun S., Josese Limaono, Raween Ligaitukana, Orisi Cabenatabua, Vika Soqo, Raape Diege and Mikaele Mua

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:303

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Torque teno virus-induced aseptic meningitis has not been documented, although torque teno virus infections still remain under consideration for etiological agents. This study identified a torque teno virus se...

    Authors: Yoji Ikuta, Kunihiro Oba, Emina Nai, Tatsuo Katori, Masanori Hashino, Yuba Inamine, Satoko Matsunaga, Yutaro Yamaoka, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Akihide Ryo and Makoto Kuroda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:302

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Primary effusion lymphoma is a rare, high-grade non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that usually occurs in immunosuppressed or human immunodeficiency virus-positive individuals in advanced stages of the disease. However, p...

    Authors: Liliana Fernández-Trujillo, John E. Bolaños, Mauricio Velásquez, Carlos García and Luz F. Sua

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:301

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Although several cases of hepatitis B virus reactivation have been described in patients with a history of hepatitis B virus infection while undergoing treatment for hepatitis C virus infection with direct act...

    Authors: Luca Foroghi Biland, Ludovica Ferrari, Vincenzo Malagnino, Elisabetta Teti, Carlotta Cerva, Adele Gentile, Marianna Aragri, Romina Salpini, Valentina Svicher, Massimo Andreoni and Loredana Sarmati

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:299

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is characterized by partial (segmental) sclerotic lesions in some glomeruli (focal). Primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is generally considered resistant to steroid t...

    Authors: Arina Yamasaki, Daisuke Bito, Erina Eto, Keiichiro Matsumoto, Megumi Nakamura, Junji Miyazaki, Kenichi Matsumoto, Masanori Masuda, Daisuke Mori and Toru Yoshimura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:298

    Content type: Case report

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  36. A unicuspid aortic valve is a rare congenital cardiac abnormality. Despite its uncommon finding on an initial presentation, aortic insufficiency is accompanied with unicuspid aortic valve and this might reflec...

    Authors: Naoko Yuzawa-Tsukada, Toshikazu D. Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto and Michihiro Yoshimura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:297

    Content type: Case report

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  37. According to experimental and clinical published studies, patients with keratoconus have a genetic predisposition to corneal ectasia; however, ectasia might not be activated or reactivated unless an additional...

    Authors: Georgios Labiris, Eirini-Kanella Panagiotopoulou, Panagiota Ntonti and Sergios Taliantzis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:296

    Content type: Case report

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  38. A traumatic bone cyst is an uncommon nonneoplastic lesion of the jaws that is considered as a “pseudocyst” because of the lack of an epithelial lining. This lesion is particularly asymptomatic and therefore is...

    Authors: Farnoosh Razmara, Zahra Ghoncheh and Ghazal Shabankare

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:300

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Surgical reconstruction of large soft tissue defects of the upper back is challenging. Although the usefulness of free perforator flaps has been demonstrated, local options remain limited. The dorsal intercost...

    Authors: E. Lupon, A. G. Lellouch, F. Deilhes, B. Chaput and C. Berthier

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:294

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. Subpulmonic membrane as a cause of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction in patients with concordant ventriculoarterial connection and intact ventricular septum is considered to be rare. Association with...

    Authors: Meryem Haboub and Abdenasser Drighil

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:291

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Human bocavirus 1 is a commonly detected human parvovirus. Many studies have shown human bocavirus 1 as a pathogen in association with acute respiratory tract infections in children. However, because human boc...

    Authors: Inga Ziemele, Man Xu, Anda Vilmane, Santa Rasa-Dzelzkaleja, Lea Hedman, Klaus Hedman, Maria Söderlund-Venermo, Zaiga Nora-Krukle, Modra Murovska and Dace Gardovska

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:290

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Osteoporosis is a serious disease that causes bone fragility fractures and increases mortality. Bisphosphonates are the first-line drugs for osteoporosis. However, the gains in bone mineral density by use of b...

    Authors: Hidefumi Koiwai, Mikio Kamimura, Jun Takahashi, Yukio Nakamura and Hiroyuki Kato

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:288

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment of Munchausen syndrome is important not only for the patient but also for health care workers because a delay in diagnosis can worsen patients’ clinical outcomes, and ...

    Authors: Naoki Iwanaga, Kazuko Yamamoto, Takahiro Takazono, Tomomi Saijo, Yoshifumi Imamura, Taiga Miyazaki, Koichi Izumikawa, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Katsunori Yanagihara, Akira Yasuoka and Hiroshi Mukae

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:287

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Generally, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome develops after superovulation caused by ovulation-inducing drugs in infertile patients. However, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome associated with natural pregnancy...

    Authors: Hiroaki Tsubokura, Yohei Ikoma, Takuya Yokoe, Tomoo Yoshimura and Katsuhiko Yasuda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:292

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Temporal artery biopsy is essential for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis. It has been shown that 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography, magnetic resonance angiography, and u...

    Authors: Toshio Kawamoto, Michihiro Ogasawara, Souichiro Nakano, Yuko Matsuki−Muramoto, Masakazu Matsushita, Kenjiro Yamanaka, Ken Yamaji and Naoto Tamura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:285

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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