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  1. Medulloblastoma is well known as the most common malignant brain tumor identified in children, frequently found at an intra-axial location in the posterior cranial fossa. Extra-axial medulloblastoma is uncommo...

    Authors: Ho Xuan Tuan, Nguyen Duy Hung, Nguyen Dinh Minh, Nguyen Nhat Quang, Ngo Quang Duy and Nguyen Minh Duc
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:310
  2. Transplant-eligible patients with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, skin changes syndrome are treated with induction therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. Conventional induct...

    Authors: Ryutaro Taenaka, Sakurako Shimokawa, Ayako Katayama, Toshihiko Nagao, Teppei Obara, Naoaki Nishimura, Atsushi Tsujimoto, Kentaro Kohno, Kenichi Aoki and Ryosuke Ogawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:311
  3. Multiple cranial neuropathies carry a wide range of differential diagnoses, and when combined with cerebrospinal fluid monocytosis they often suggest an infective etiology. Reactivation of varicella zoster vir...

    Authors: Fangzhi Jia, Eugene R. Ting, Joo Hyen Ahn and Andrew Duggins
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:313
  4. The diagnosis of tularemia is not often considered in Germany as the disease is still rare in this country. Nonetheless, Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia, can infect numerous animal specie...

    Authors: Hannah Sophia Borgschulte, Daniela Jacob, Jörg Zeeh, Holger C. Scholz and Klaus Heuner
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:309
  5. Duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare. If tumor growth is extraluminal and involves the head of the pancreas, the diagnosis of a duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor is difficult.

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Ichiro Ohmori, Atsuhiro Watanabe, Ryujiro Kajikawa, Ryotaro Kajiwara, Hiroyuki Sawada, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Masahiro Ikeda, Kazuhiro Toyota, Seiji Sadamoto and Tadateru Takahashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:308
  6. Since the beginning of the pandemic, no severe pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 cases have been described in Congo.

    Authors: Toni Kasole Lubala, Tony Kayembe-Kitenge, Paul Makinko, Luguette Kalenga, Hénoch Kachil, Axel Kayembe, Augustin Mutombo and Mick Shongo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:307
  7. We describe a patient presenting with central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) of the right eye after retrobulbar anesthesia with adrenaline for macular pucker surgery.

    Authors: Filippo Confalonieri, Gunn Elin Ladstein, Ingar Stene-Johansen and Goran Petrovski
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:303
  8. Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast is an uncommon subtype of breast neoplasm that occurs in adults over a wide age range but most commonly in middle-aged and older adults. It usually presents as a solitary palp...

    Authors: Liqa Al Mulla, Maha Abdelhadi, Afnan Al Muhanna, Tarek Elsharkawy and Areej Al Nemer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:302
  9. Oxymetazoline hydrochloride ophthalmic solution (0.1%) is a medication used to treat blepharoptosis. Patients who suffer from blepharoptosis have low-lying eyelids that can hinder their vision. Oxymetazoline h...

    Authors: Jonathan Sung, Alice Song, Michael Song and Julia Song
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:299
  10. The loss of limbal stem cells owing to either corneal burn or inflammation leads to the repopulation of opaque skin over the raw surface of the cornea. It has been proposed that reconstitution of oral mucosal ...

    Authors: Wipawee Booranapong, Panida Kosrirukvongs, Sunisa Duangsa-ard, Kanda Kasetsinsombat, Khanit Sa-ngiamsuntorn and Adisak Wongkajornsilp
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:298
  11. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults is an infrequent form of autoimmune diabetes mellitus, while Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the most common thyroid disease in adults, rarely manifests as thyrotoxicosis. The con...

    Authors: Maria Xenou, Ioannis Zoupas, Dimitrios Lygnos and Evangelos Fousteris
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:297
  12. Elastofibroma dorsi is a rare benign tumor of soft tissue, typically under the lower angle of the scapula. Its specific location and distinctive clinical symptoms can provide enough information for diagnosis. ...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Hooman Kamran, Nazanin Ayare, Reza Shahriarirad, Pardis Shahabinejad, Bita Geramizadeh and Masoud Vafabin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:296
  13. Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney is an uncommon pediatric renal malignant neoplasm that is typically characterized in 2–3-year-olds by aggressive behavior and late relapses. Our literature review revealed fewe...

    Authors: Leen Jamel Doya, Khaled Alyousef, Majdy Oukan, Ali Razzok, Basel Shek Alshabab, Tarek AlEid, Rabab Saloum and Hassan Nasser
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:295
  14. Liver involvement in adults with acute myeloid leukemia is uncommon. Most of the case reports describe acute liver failure or obstructive jaundice, while acute hepatitis is rarely mentioned. We report a patien...

    Authors: Irene Spinelli, Adriano De Santis, Laura Cesini, Mara Riminucci, Alessandro Corsi, Mariana Forlino, Elio Pietro Perrone, Clara Minotti and Claudio Cartoni
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:294
  15. Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a locally infiltrative mesenchymal tumour that most commonly affects the pelvis and/or perineum in adult women. AAM is very rare in males, especially in infancy.

    Authors: Léonidas Nyandwi, Salahoudine Idrissa, Hellé Moustapha, Mahamoud Omid Ali Ada, Efared Boubacar, Idrissa Boubacar, Zakhama Abdelfatteh, Ksia Amine and Abarchi Habibou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:293
  16. Persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is a rare arterial anastomosis between the basilar artery (BA) and internal carotid artery (ICA). It plays an indispensable role in a number of neurological disorders, includ...

    Authors: Tao Sun, Qinghao Huang, Chuangfeng Li, Wentao Wang, Longshuang He, Jinlong Liu and Chao Yang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:292
  17. Xeroderma pigmentosum is an extremely serious genetic disorder defined by sensitivity to sunlight, resulting in sunburn and pigment changes. If patients are not completely protected from ultraviolet radiation,...

    Authors: Ezgi Aysu Şahin, Ekim Zihni Taşkıran, Pelin Özlem Şimşek Kiper, Burça Aydın and Eda Utine
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:306
  18. Although the use of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) has many advantages for the treatment of neonates, catheter malposition may result in serious complications that could be life-threatening. W...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Zarkesh and Mokaram Haghjoo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:305
  19. Triple A syndrome is a very uncommon disease marked by a triad of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)—resistant features: adrenal insufficiency, alacrimia, and achalasia. It presents in several clinical forms...

    Authors: Sawssan Ali, M. Subhi Murad, Humam Hamdan and Wael Nakawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:304
  20. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly known as Wegener granulomatosis, is a necrotizing vasculitis with granulomatous inflammation that belongs to the class of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies-positi...

    Authors: Lukas Koenen, Ulf Elbelt, Heidi Olze, Sören Zappe and Steffen Dommerich
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:291
  21. Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome is a rare X-linked primary immunodeficiency that mostly presents with a classic triad of eczema, microthrombocytopenia, recurrent infections, and increased risk of autoimmunity/maligna...

    Authors: Mpokigwa Kiputa, Obrey Urio, Anna Maghembe, David Kombo, Sajda Dhalla, Victoria Ndembo, Kandi Muze, Mariam Kahwa, Zameer Fakih and Edward Kija
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:301
  22. Niemann-Pick type A (NP-A) is a congenital, hereditary disease caused by a deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase, a lysosomal enzyme. This deficiency results in an accumulation of sphingomyelin in lysosomes, lea...

    Authors: Fatemeh Aghamahdi, Matineh Nirouei and Shahram Savad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:288
  23. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most commonly inherited metabolic disease and has an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Patients with FH usually present with high levels of low-density lipoprote...

    Authors: Nan Wang, Ying Wei, Gang Zhou, Yue Zhang and Jiyang Song
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:290
  24. Pseudoprogression, the initial apparent worsening of cancer prior to eventual improvement, is a documented feature of immune checkpoint inhibitor administration and presents a challenge to clinicians distingui...

    Authors: Amrit S. Gonugunta, Mitchell S. von Itzstein and David E. Gerber
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:289
  25. Torsion of the greater omentum is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. Omental torsion can be divided into primary and secondary. Owing to its nonspecific abdominal pain, preoperative diagnosis is diffic...

    Authors: Elham Khalili, Mahdis Marashi, Majid Safarpanah, Saeedeh Majidi and Zahra Ghaeini Hesarooeyeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:286
  26. Kagami–Ogata syndrome is a rare genetic imprinting disorder involving the 14q32.2 genomic location of chromosome 14. The estimated incidence is less than 1 per 1 million. Here we report a male neonate with Kag...

    Authors: Tharindi Suriapperuma, Shobhavi Randeny and Sachith Mettananda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:284
  27. Extra-adrenal paraganglioma of the retroperitoneum is a very rare neoplasm arising from cells of the primitive neural crest. Although paragangliomas are considered benign and are often found incidentally, they...

    Authors: K. Ben Hamida, M. Slimane, A. Mlouka, N. Boujelbene, S. Essghaier and K. Rahal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:300
  28. Hypoglycemia is a fairly common complication in diabetic patients, particularly in those on insulin therapy. Hypoglycemia symptoms are classified into two types: autonomic and neuroglycopenic symptoms. If a pe...

    Authors: Yasaman Sharifi, Mahbube Ebrahimpur and Seyed Saeed Tamehrizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:283
  29. A fetal-onset cervical mass may cause postnatal airway obstruction, and ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) to secure the airway while maintaining fetal-placental circulation may be life-saving. Malignant rh...

    Authors: Ryota Kobayashi, Wakako Sumiya, Toshiyuki Imanishi, Chika Kanno, Masayuki Kanno, Jun Unemoto, Ken Kawabata, Masami Kanno and Masaki Shimizu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:282
  30. The development of dysphagia and trismus following posterior C1–C3 fusion is rare compared to occipitocervical fusion, and there are very few reports in the literature.

    Authors: Siravich Suvithayasiri and Payothorn Decharin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:280
  31. Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder accounts for nearly 90% of all bladder cancers. Risk factors include cigarette smoke, chronic cystitis, and human papilloma virus infection. It is commonly diagnosed by hema...

    Authors: Annika Sinha and Betsy Patterson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:279
  32. Simultaneous bilateral hip fractures without major trauma in the elderly are rare and usually symmetrical. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of bilateral simultaneous asymmetric hip fracture in the ...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Hiroyuki Inatani, Kazu Toyooka, Musashi Ima, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Yasuji Ryu, Aki Nakanami, Tetsutaro Yahata and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:278
  33. Urinary tract tuberculosis (UTTB) is a common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) which can infrequently present as renal carcinoma, leading to serious errors in the diagnosis and treatment of UTTB.

    Authors: Sarya Swed, Mais Barazi, Yamane Chawa, Mahmoud Alhamadeh Alswij, Leena Abdelwahab Alshareef, Sami Bitar, Hazem S. Ghaith and Karam R. Motawea
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:276
  34. Myocarditis in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors has previously been reported to be rare, though it has most likely been underreported owing to misdiagnosis in the absence of overt clinical pr...

    Authors: Danielle Delombaerde, Delphine Vervloet, Dieter Berwouts, Roel Beckers, Hans Prenen, Marc Peeters, Félix Gremonprez, Lieselot Croes and Christof Vulsteke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:275
  35. The Diegoa antigen commonly occurs in certain Asian and South American Indian populations. In general, hemolysis caused by anti-Diegoa antigen is not severe, and exchange transfusion is rarely needed. Here, we re...

    Authors: Yangxi Fu, Ying Liu, Zhenzhen Yang, Yinghua An, Jun Su, Shuli Hu and Lingying Luo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:274
  36. Cannabinoid-based therapy has been shown to be promising and is emerging as crucial for the treatment of cognitive deficits, mental illnesses, and many diseases considered incurable. There is a need to find an...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Ruver-Martins, Maíra Assunção Bicca, Fabiano Soares de Araujo, Beatriz Helena Lameiro de Noronha Sales Maia, Fabrício Alano Pamplona, Elton Gomes da Silva and Francisney Pinto Nascimento
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:277
  37. Advanced understanding of tumor biology has recently revealed the complexity of cancer genetics, intra/inter-tumor heterogeneity, and diverse mechanisms of resistance to cancer treatment. In turn, there has be...

    Authors: Kyungsuk Jung, Aziz Khan, Robert Mocharnuk, Susan Olivo-Marston and Justin T. McDaniel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:272
  38. Immunoglobulin A nephropathy is typically accelerated by upper respiratory tract infections and can relapse following vaccination. There have been reports of patients who presented with immunoglobulin A nephro...

    Authors: Hiroshi Kanamori
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:273
  39. Recombinant adenoviral vector vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 have been observed to be associated with vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia. Though vaccine-induce...

    Authors: Sandra Emily Stoll, Patrick Werner, Wolfgang A. Wetsch, Fabian Dusse, Alexander C. Bunck, Matthias Kochanek, Felix Popp, Thomas Schmidt, Christiane Bruns and Bernd W. Böttiger
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:271
  40. Pancreatic fistula is the most problematic complication in pancreatectomy. Although drainage can be used to relieve this complication, pancreatic surgeons often encounter refractory pancreatic fistula. Fibrin ...

    Authors: Hideki Izumi, Hisamichi Yoshii, Rin Abe, Masaya Mukai, Eiji Nomura and Hiroyasu Makuuchi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:270
  41. Ethanol dependence is associated with a discontinuation withdrawal delirium. Chlordiazepoxide is frequently successfully used in its treatment.

    Authors: Melissa A. Arabadjief, Omar H. Elsayed, Sabina Bashir, Meenakshi R. Gundumalla, Derek S. Menefee, Cody L. Bergman, Nayeem Z. Moulana and Rif S. El-Mallakh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:269
  42. Cerebral vein thrombosis is increasing in young adults. Although oral contraceptive pills increase the risk of cerebral vein thrombosis, relatively high brain venous involvement is rare when oral contraceptive...

    Authors: Somayeh Moeindarbari, Nazanin Beheshtian and Shima Hashemi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:260
  43. Deep vein thrombosis with arteriovenous fistulas is rare, with few therapeutic options available for chronic-phase deep vein thrombosis. Moreover, the effectiveness of endovascular treatment for chronic-phase ...

    Authors: Tamon Kato, Megumi Fuke, Fumio Nagai, Hidetomo Nomi, Yusuke Kanzaki, Hisanori Yui, Shusaku Maruyama, Ayumu Nagae, Takahiro Sakai, Tatsuya Saigusa, Soichiro Ebisawa, Ayako Okada, Hirohiko Motoki and Koichiro Kuwahara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:257
  44. Pulmonary actinomycosis is a chronic disease characterized by abscess formation, draining sinuses, fistulae, and tissue fibrosis. It can mimic other conditions, particularly malignant and granulomatous disease...

    Authors: Shinichi Miyazaki, Takeo Fujito, Yuki Kondo, Yasumasa Kuno, Shunsuke Mori, Ryo Yamashita, Junzo Ishida, Yoshiharu Nara and Takuya Ikeda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:255

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