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  1. McCune–Albright syndrome is a complex disorder encompassing multiple endocrinopathies. These manifestations are secondary to a mutation in the stimulatory G-protein alpha subunit. Cushing syndrome is due to au...

    Authors: Christy Foster, Hiba Al Zubeidi and Alicia Diaz-Thomas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:342
  2. Accessory breast(s) is defined as the presence of more than two breasts with or without a nipple and areola in human beings. It may occur anywhere along the primitive embryonic milk lines, which extend from th...

    Authors: Ermias Teklehaimanot Yefter and Yitagesu Aberra Shibiru
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:341
  3. Solar maculopathy is a well described clinical entity that usually occurs in patients that have gazed directly the sun. In this report we describe the first two cases of solar maculopathy in individuals expose...

    Authors: Joaquín Marticorena, Ana Honrubia and Javier Ascaso
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:338
  4. This case reveals a novel presentation of drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome that mimics a lymphoproliferative disorder. The heterogeneous clinical presentation of drug rash with eosino...

    Authors: Elise Hyser
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:336
  5. Over 1.4 million US adults identify as transgender when gender identity differs from the sex assigned at birth [1]. Although transgender patients face adverse health outcomes, they remain an understudied populati...

    Authors: Eugene Kim, Shivali Mukerji, Deen Debryn, Ryan Price, Carl Streed Jr and Ala Nozari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:333
  6. Spinal fractures rarely cause hemothorax, and no treatment consensus has been reached. Conservative treatment is generally selected in cases without arterial injury, but there have been some reports of uncontr...

    Authors: Naoki Matsunaga, Takuya Okada, Yuko Ono, Keigo Matsushiro, Koji Sasaki, Tomoyuki Gentsu, Eisuke Ueshima, Keitaro Sofue, Masato Yamaguchi, Koji Sugimoto and Takamichi Murakami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:332
  7. Patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection require a long period of time to return to work and society due to significant physical weakness even after recovery. Here we report a patient...

    Authors: Toru Takekawa, Kazumi Kashiwabara, Naoki Yamada, Shu Watanabe, Midori Hama, Gentaro Hashimoto, Masahiro Abo and Kyota Shinfuku
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:339
  8. Lumbar spondylolisthesis is reported to present with a familiar pattern, with the dysplastic type of spondylolysis being minor but more hereditary than the isthmic type. Siblings presenting during adolescence ...

    Authors: Masaki Tatsumura, Toru Funayama, Fumihiko Eto, Katsuya Nagashima, Yosuke Takeuchi and Masashi Yamazaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:331
  9. Alport syndrome is a rare inherited disorder affecting the glomerular basement membrane, manifested by hematuria and proteinuria that is commonly associated with ocular and hearing defects. There is limited in...

    Authors: Hasan Rawashdeh, Haifaa A. Alchalabi, Ashraf O. Oweis and Haneen Al Jalodi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:328
  10. Therapeutic options are needed for metastatic melanoma refractory to therapies directed against programmed cell death-1. High-dose interleukin-2 has the potential to overcome programmed cell death-1 resistance.

    Authors: Mina Nikanjam, Jaren Mullen, Carol Yacoub and Gregory A. Daniels
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:337
  11. Previous research has suggested that some autoimmune diseases develop after the occurrence of coronavirus disease 2019. Hypereosinophilic syndrome is a rare disease presenting with idiopathic eosinophilia and ...

    Authors: Satoshi Suzuki, Keiko Suzuki, Takaya Ichikawa, Kae Takahashi, Masako Minami-Hori and Yoko Tanino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:324
  12. We present a case of a rare complication of negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) wherein there was fixation of a meshed split-thickness skin graft (STSG), suspected as a failure by hypergranulation. However,...

    Authors: Masato Shiba, Tomoaki Doi, Hideshi Okada, Ryo Kamidani, Genki Yoshimura, Keigo Kusuzawa, Fuminori Yamaji, Tomotaka Miura, Hideaki Oiwa, Yosuke Mizuno, Ryu Yasuda, Tetsuya Fukuta, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Takahito Miyake, Takahiro Yoshida, Shozo Yoshida…
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:335
  13. Right-side fixation of the sigmoid colon is a rare anatomical variant associated with intestinal malrotation (Choi et al. in J Korean Surg Soc. 84(4):256–60, 2013). Differently from other forms of malrotation, th...

    Authors: G. Bertelli, S. Patauner, T. Gorgatti and A. Frena
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:323
  14. Perforated peptic ulcer disease is a serious complication of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) that presents as acute abdomen. It is very uncommon during pregnancy, but its diagnosis in pregnancy is very challenging ...

    Authors: Tafese Dejene Jidha, Keno Mohammed Umer, Girma Beressa and Tadesse Tolossa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:322
  15. True isolated posterior myocardial infarction is an uncommon finding of acute coronary syndrome, with an incidence rate of 3–7%. The prevalence rates of isolated posterior myocardial infarction in men and wome...

    Authors: Mochamad Yusuf Alsagaff, Rizki Amalia, Budi Baktijasa Dharmadjati and Yolande Appelman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:321
  16. Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema is a rare rheumatic condition of the elderly population that is well described but whose mechanisms remain little studied. This syndrome is chara...

    Authors: Katarzyna Tarasiuk-Stanislawek, Alexandre Dumusc, Bernard Favrat and Ioannis Kokkinakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:334
  17. Desmoid tumors are rare lesions. Although they demonstrate tumor characteristics, such as infiltrative growth and tendency towards local recurrence, they lack the ability to metastasize. To date, the cause of ...

    Authors: Obinna Chukwunwike Njoku and Chisara Cyprian Umezurike
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:319
  18. Low blood pressure and associated postural symptoms are well-recognized manifestations of anaphylaxis. Nonetheless, anaphylaxis can present with high blood pressure and is rarely reported in the literature. We...

    Authors: Dumitha Govindapala, Uththara Sachinthanie Senarath, Dasun Wijewardena, Dilini Nakkawita and Chandimani Undugodage
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:327
  19. Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disease globally, while glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, an X-linked inherited disorder, is the most common erythrocyte enzyme defect. The associatio...

    Authors: Sandhya Govindarajan, Imran Zamir, Sunil Bagewadi and Emily Moore
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:320
  20. Medulloblastoma is a malignant brain tumor that is common in children but very uncommon in adults, especially those older than 40 years, accounting for less than 1% of all primary brain tumors in adults. Altho...

    Authors: Emmanuel Mduma, Adagi Awuor and Emmanuel L. Lugina
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:330
  21. The flexor pollicis longus is the most vulnerable muscle in acute compartment syndrome of the forearm. Reconstruction of a dysfunctional flexor pollicis longus is occasionally necessary following compartment s...

    Authors: Muneyoshi Fujita, Hideaki Miyamoto and Taketo Kurozumi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:325
  22. Infantile Sandhoff disease is a rare inherited disorder that progressively destroys nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, and is classified under lysosomal storage disorder. It is an autosomal recessive di...

    Authors: Jamal Khaled Sahyouni, Luma Bassam Mahmoud Odeh, Fahad Mulla, Sana Junaid, Subhranshu Sekhar Kar and Naheel Mohammad Jumah Al Boot Almarri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:317
  23. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase tyrosine kinase inhibitors are standard therapeutic agents prescribed for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive non-small cell lung cancer, and treatment with these agents has been sho...

    Authors: Fumihiro Kashizaki, Arihito Tanaka and Yasutomo Sekido
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:316
  24. Despite a considerable number of articles regarding neurological manifestations associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, reports on transverse myelitis and encephalitis are sc...

    Authors: Riwanti Estiasari, Kartika Maharani, Fitri Octaviana, Anyelir Nielya Mutiara Putri, Syifa Laila Ramadhan, Anna Rozaliani and Darma Imran
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:329
  25. We speculated that subclinical thrombosis may occur frequently through crosstalk between immune/inflammatory reactions and hemostasis after corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) vaccination. To test this hypoth...

    Authors: Sae-Yong Hong, Sang-Sin Jun, Sang-Wook Seo, Jeong-Rae Park and Joung-Il Im
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:326
  26. Owing to the aging population, fragility fractures of the pelvis are occurring more frequently. Fixation of the fracture and stabilization of the pelvic ring usually provide good clinical results. A case of di...

    Authors: Shun Igarashi, Takashi Kobayashi, Hiroaki Kijima and Naohisa Miyakoshi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:315
  27. Urticarial vasculitis is a clinicopathologic entity defined by recurrent episodes of urticarial lesions that persist > 24 hours and demonstrate the histopathologic features of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The ...

    Authors: Kyra Smets, Anne Van Baelen, Ben Sprangers and Petra De Haes
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:314
  28. Dura-attached supratentorial extra-axial ependymoma is a very rare type of tumor, with only nine reported cases. Preoperative diagnosis of dura-attached supratentorial extra-axial ependymoma is difficult and o...

    Authors: Mayumi Akaki Nagayasu, Tsuyoshi Fukushima, Fumitaka Matsumoto, Hideo Takeshima, Yuichiro Sato and Hiroaki Kataoka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:312
  29. Medulloblastoma is well known as the most common malignant brain tumor identified in children, frequently found at an intra-axial location in the posterior cranial fossa. Extra-axial medulloblastoma is uncommo...

    Authors: Ho Xuan Tuan, Nguyen Duy Hung, Nguyen Dinh Minh, Nguyen Nhat Quang, Ngo Quang Duy and Nguyen Minh Duc
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:310
  30. Transplant-eligible patients with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, skin changes syndrome are treated with induction therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. Conventional induct...

    Authors: Ryutaro Taenaka, Sakurako Shimokawa, Ayako Katayama, Toshihiko Nagao, Teppei Obara, Naoaki Nishimura, Atsushi Tsujimoto, Kentaro Kohno, Kenichi Aoki and Ryosuke Ogawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:311
  31. Multiple cranial neuropathies carry a wide range of differential diagnoses, and when combined with cerebrospinal fluid monocytosis they often suggest an infective etiology. Reactivation of varicella zoster vir...

    Authors: Fangzhi Jia, Eugene R. Ting, Joo Hyen Ahn and Andrew Duggins
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:313
  32. The diagnosis of tularemia is not often considered in Germany as the disease is still rare in this country. Nonetheless, Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia, can infect numerous animal specie...

    Authors: Hannah Sophia Borgschulte, Daniela Jacob, Jörg Zeeh, Holger C. Scholz and Klaus Heuner
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:309
  33. Duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare. If tumor growth is extraluminal and involves the head of the pancreas, the diagnosis of a duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor is difficult.

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Ichiro Ohmori, Atsuhiro Watanabe, Ryujiro Kajikawa, Ryotaro Kajiwara, Hiroyuki Sawada, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Masahiro Ikeda, Kazuhiro Toyota, Seiji Sadamoto and Tadateru Takahashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:308
  34. Since the beginning of the pandemic, no severe pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 cases have been described in Congo.

    Authors: Toni Kasole Lubala, Tony Kayembe-Kitenge, Paul Makinko, Luguette Kalenga, Hénoch Kachil, Axel Kayembe, Augustin Mutombo and Mick Shongo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:307
  35. We describe a patient presenting with central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) of the right eye after retrobulbar anesthesia with adrenaline for macular pucker surgery.

    Authors: Filippo Confalonieri, Gunn Elin Ladstein, Ingar Stene-Johansen and Goran Petrovski
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:303
  36. Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast is an uncommon subtype of breast neoplasm that occurs in adults over a wide age range but most commonly in middle-aged and older adults. It usually presents as a solitary palp...

    Authors: Liqa Al Mulla, Maha Abdelhadi, Afnan Al Muhanna, Tarek Elsharkawy and Areej Al Nemer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:302
  37. Oxymetazoline hydrochloride ophthalmic solution (0.1%) is a medication used to treat blepharoptosis. Patients who suffer from blepharoptosis have low-lying eyelids that can hinder their vision. Oxymetazoline h...

    Authors: Jonathan Sung, Alice Song, Michael Song and Julia Song
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:299
  38. The loss of limbal stem cells owing to either corneal burn or inflammation leads to the repopulation of opaque skin over the raw surface of the cornea. It has been proposed that reconstitution of oral mucosal ...

    Authors: Wipawee Booranapong, Panida Kosrirukvongs, Sunisa Duangsa-ard, Kanda Kasetsinsombat, Khanit Sa-ngiamsuntorn and Adisak Wongkajornsilp
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:298
  39. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults is an infrequent form of autoimmune diabetes mellitus, while Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the most common thyroid disease in adults, rarely manifests as thyrotoxicosis. The con...

    Authors: Maria Xenou, Ioannis Zoupas, Dimitrios Lygnos and Evangelos Fousteris
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:297
  40. Elastofibroma dorsi is a rare benign tumor of soft tissue, typically under the lower angle of the scapula. Its specific location and distinctive clinical symptoms can provide enough information for diagnosis. ...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Hooman Kamran, Nazanin Ayare, Reza Shahriarirad, Pardis Shahabinejad, Bita Geramizadeh and Masoud Vafabin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:296
  41. Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney is an uncommon pediatric renal malignant neoplasm that is typically characterized in 2–3-year-olds by aggressive behavior and late relapses. Our literature review revealed fewe...

    Authors: Leen Jamel Doya, Khaled Alyousef, Majdy Oukan, Ali Razzok, Basel Shek Alshabab, Tarek AlEid, Rabab Saloum and Hassan Nasser
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:295
  42. Liver involvement in adults with acute myeloid leukemia is uncommon. Most of the case reports describe acute liver failure or obstructive jaundice, while acute hepatitis is rarely mentioned. We report a patien...

    Authors: Irene Spinelli, Adriano De Santis, Laura Cesini, Mara Riminucci, Alessandro Corsi, Mariana Forlino, Elio Pietro Perrone, Clara Minotti and Claudio Cartoni
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:294
  43. Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a locally infiltrative mesenchymal tumour that most commonly affects the pelvis and/or perineum in adult women. AAM is very rare in males, especially in infancy.

    Authors: Léonidas Nyandwi, Salahoudine Idrissa, Hellé Moustapha, Mahamoud Omid Ali Ada, Efared Boubacar, Idrissa Boubacar, Zakhama Abdelfatteh, Ksia Amine and Abarchi Habibou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:293
  44. Persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is a rare arterial anastomosis between the basilar artery (BA) and internal carotid artery (ICA). It plays an indispensable role in a number of neurological disorders, includ...

    Authors: Tao Sun, Qinghao Huang, Chuangfeng Li, Wentao Wang, Longshuang He, Jinlong Liu and Chao Yang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:292
  45. Xeroderma pigmentosum is an extremely serious genetic disorder defined by sensitivity to sunlight, resulting in sunburn and pigment changes. If patients are not completely protected from ultraviolet radiation,...

    Authors: Ezgi Aysu Şahin, Ekim Zihni Taşkıran, Pelin Özlem Şimşek Kiper, Burça Aydın and Eda Utine
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:306
  46. Although the use of a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) has many advantages for the treatment of neonates, catheter malposition may result in serious complications that could be life-threatening. W...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Zarkesh and Mokaram Haghjoo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:305
  47. Triple A syndrome is a very uncommon disease marked by a triad of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)—resistant features: adrenal insufficiency, alacrimia, and achalasia. It presents in several clinical forms...

    Authors: Sawssan Ali, M. Subhi Murad, Humam Hamdan and Wael Nakawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:304
  48. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly known as Wegener granulomatosis, is a necrotizing vasculitis with granulomatous inflammation that belongs to the class of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies-positi...

    Authors: Lukas Koenen, Ulf Elbelt, Heidi Olze, Sören Zappe and Steffen Dommerich
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:291

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