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  1. It has been stated that regulation of the development of the iliac bone is different from that of the ischium and pubis. There are well-known clinical syndromes concerned with hypoplasia of ischiopubic bone, s...

    Authors: Aly Saber

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:202

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a small vessel vasculitis that affects mainly the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. The central nervous system is also occasionally affected, although the majority o...

    Authors: Lazarus Karamadoukis, Linmarie Ludeman and Anthony J Williams

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:200

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The differential diagnoses of acute abdomen in children include common and rare pathologies. Within this list, different types of bezoars causing gastrointestinal obstruction have been reported in the literatu...

    Authors: Abdulzahra Hussain, Hind Mahmood, Tarun Singhal and Shamsi El-Hasani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:199

    Content type: Case report

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  4. A large part of research into drug addiction focuses on mesolimbic dopamine circuitry; however, both alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid and/or kainate and dopamine D2 receptors can play a...

    Authors: Beatriz Arbaizar, Inés Gómez-Acebo and Javier Llorca

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:198

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Gastrojejunocolic (GJC) fistulae represent a significant post-surgical cause of morbidity and mortality. GJC fistulae represent rare post-surgical complications, and most are associated with gastric surgery. I...

    Authors: Jin-Ming Wu, Ming-Yang Wang, Po-Huang Lee and Ming-Tsan Lin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:193

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Nerve sheath tumours of the kidney are particularly rare and, in the few reported cases, are all situated in the hilar region.

    Authors: Mona El-Bahrawy, Bijan Khoubehi and David Hrouda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:189

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Simultaneous bilateral cerebrovascular infarction is relatively rare and its initial presentation as a space-occupying lesion is extremely uncommon. However, bilateral infarction can result from unilateral occ...

    Authors: Brian F. Menezes, Beverley Cheserem, Jothy Kandasamy and Donnacha O'Brien

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:188

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Immediate-type hypersensitivity to glucocorticosteroids is rare but well known among allergists. Surprisingly, very few reports of glucocorticosteroid hypersensitivity in children exist although glucocorticost...

    Authors: Sylvia Lehmann and Hagen Ott

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:186

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Vertical-banded gastroplasty, a technique that is commonly performed in the treatment of morbid obesity, represents a nonadjustable restrictive procedure which reduces the volume of the upper stomach by a vert...

    Authors: Christopher Soll, Markus K. Müller, Stefan Wildi, Pierre-Alain Clavien and Markus Weber

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:185

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Staphylococcus simulans is a common animal pathogen that occasionally can colonize human skin. Unlike other coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. simulans tends to cause more severe infections that resemble those...

    Authors: Natalia Vallianou, Angelos Evangelopoulos, Polyxeni Makri, Georgios Zacharias, Panagiota Stefanitsi, Athanasios Karachalios and Peter C. Avgerinos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:183

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The optimum management of a capillary haemangioblastoma affecting the optic nerve head is not clear. A number of treatment modalities have been used to treat the tumours and their consequences. Ocular haemangi...

    Authors: Timothy A. de Klerk and David H. W. Steel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:182

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Alport Syndrome has a prevalence of 1 case per 5,000 people and 85% of patients have the X-linked form, where affected males develop renal failure and usually have high-tone sensorineural deafness by age 20. T...

    Authors: Ghassem Amir Aslanzadeh, Davoud Gharabaghi and Niloofar Naderi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:178

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Respiratory failure may develop during the later stages of pregnancy and is usually associated with tocolysis or other co-existing conditions such as pneumonia, sepsis, pre-eclampsia or amniotic fluid embolism...

    Authors: Vasilios E. Papaioannou, Christos Dragoumanis, Vassiliki Theodorou, Dimitrios Konstantonis and Ioannis Pneumatikos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:177

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Pancreatitis is a rare manifestation of cystic fibrosis (CF) and may rarely be the presenting symptom in adolescent or adult patients with CF. We report a case of a 4 year-old female who initially presented wi...

    Authors: Laurie Conklin, Pamela L. Zeitlin and Carmen Cuffari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:176

    Content type: Case report

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  15. A 59-year-old Caucasian woman presented with an acute onset of alexia, noticed whilst driving. She described how while she could read car number plates, she had lost the ability to read and understand words on...

    Authors: P. Thomas, A. Keightley, R. Kamble, N. Gunasekera and M. R. Johnson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:175

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an environmental bacterium increasingly involved in nosocomial infections and resistant to most antibiotics. It is important to recognize and efficiently treat infections with thi...

    Authors: Sophie Bayle, Clarisse Rovery, Pascal Sbragia, Didier Raoult and Philippe Brouqui

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:174

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Heterotopic gastric mucosa is described almost everywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, from the oral cavity to the rectum. The occurrence of heterotopic gastric tissue in the gallbladder is rare. A choristom...

    Authors: Angel I. Popkharitov, Maya V. Gulubova, Angel D. Dandov and Dimitar P. Sivrev

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:173

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous osteochondroplasia with symmetrical involvement. It is characterized by joint pain in childhood and early adulthood with early onset ...

    Authors: R. K. Trehan, N. Dabbas, D. Allwood, M. Agarwal and C. Kinmont

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:172

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Pure lateral elbow dislocation is rare, and a successful closed reduction is even rarer. Reduction can be hindered by swelling, soft tissue interposition or associated fractures.

    Authors: Sameer K Khan, Rajat Chopra and Debasis Chakravarty

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:170

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Nitrofurantoin is a commonly used drug in the treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections. Many adverse effects of nitrofurantoin have been documented, including aplastic anemia, polyneuritis, and liv...

    Authors: Natascha N T Goemaere, Karin Grijm, Peter Th W van Hal and Michael A den Bakker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:169

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Primary pancreatic lymphoma is a very rare but manageable malignant tumour which may be clinically confused as a pancreatic carcinoma. This case report demonstrates the value of surgical resection in the manag...

    Authors: Theodore Liakakos, Evangelos P Misiakos, Dimitrios Tsapralis, Irene Nikolaou, Gabriel Karatzas and Anastasios Macheras

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:167

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Pancreas divisum is a congenital anatomical anomaly characterized by the lack of fusion of the ventral and dorsal parts of the pancreas during the eighth week of fetal development. This condition is found in 5...

    Authors: Massimo De Filippo, Emiliano Giudici, Nicola Sverzellati and Maurizio Zompatori

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:166

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy is a minimally invasive technique used increasingly for the assessment of mammographically detected, non-palpable breast lesions. The effectiveness of vacuum-assisted breast biops...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Dimitra Koulocheri, Georgia Giannakopoulou, Aphrodite Nonni, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Ioannis Flessas, John Bramis and George C Zografos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:165

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Nephrogenic adenomas are generally considered to be benign lesions, but there remains a risk for malignant transformation. Patients with immunosuppression in particular appear to be at a higher risk of maligna...

    Authors: Edwin Hungerhuber, Ekkehard Bach, Arndt Hartmann, Dominic Frimberger, Christian Stief and Dirk Zaak

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:164

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a distinct clinical entity that can present as a rare life-threatening event characterized by sudden onset of bleeding into the retroperitoneal space, occurring in ass...

    Authors: Stavros I Daliakopoulos, Andreas Bairaktaris, Dimitrios Papadimitriou and Perikles Pappas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:162

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Internal hernias are a rare cause of small bowel obstruction and are estimated to account for 1% to 5% of cases. Herniation through a defect in the sigmoid mesocolon constitutes 6% of all internal hernias.

    Authors: Danielle Collins, Dara Kavanagh, Eddie Myers, Steve Richards and Enda McDermott

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:161

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Pentazocine, a synthetic narcotic analgesic, is commonly used for the relief of moderate to severe pain secondary to various conditions. It is usually well tolerated; however, adverse effects are not uncommon,...

    Authors: Vinay Goyal, Jatinder M Chawla, Yatan P S Balhara, Garima Shukla, Sumit Singh and Madhuri Behari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:160

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. Myofibroblastoma of the breast is a rare benign stromal tumour seen predominantly in men. The gross appearance is that of a well-circumscribed nodule, characteristically small, seldom exceeding 3 cm. We presen...

    Authors: Abeywardana M S Abeysekara, H P Priyantha Siriwardana, K F Abbas, Peter Tanner and Akin A Ojo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:157

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Strongyloides stercoralis infection affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. As immigration rates and international travel increase, so does the number of cases of strongyloidiasis in the United States....

    Authors: Catherine J Hunter, Mikael Petrosyan and Morris Asch

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:156

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. People with schizophrenia are at increased risk of developing metabolic disturbances. This risk may be further exacerbated by the use of antipsychotic agents. Research is still ongoing to determine the metabol...

    Authors: Romina Lopez Gaston, Mohan George and Nangai Azhahan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:155

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. The spontaneous rupture of an infected renal cyst is a rare event. Spontaneous rupture with drainage to the exterior through a surgical scar has not been reported previously.

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Peter L Hughes, Tun Oo and Bakul M Soni

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:154

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is an increasingly recognized cause of pulmonary disease in immunocompetent individuals. An acute form of MAC lung disease, MAC-associated pneumonitis, has generally been associ...

    Authors: Victor Zota, Sheryn M Angelis, Armando E Fraire, Ciaran McNamee, Shasta Kielbasa and Daniel H Libraty

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:152

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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