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  1. Insulin allergy may occur in patients treated with subcutaneous applications of insulin preparations. Besides additives in the insulin preparation such as protamine, cresol, and phenol, the insulin molecule it...

    Authors: Claudia Pföhler, Cornelia S L Müller, Dirk O Hasselmann and Wolfgang Tilgen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:283

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Primary hepatic lymphoma is an unusual form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that usually presents with constitutional symptoms, hepatomegaly and signs of cholestatic jaundice. Diffuse hepatic infiltration is uncommo...

    Authors: Fyeza S Haider, Robert Smith and Sharif Khan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:279

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma presents with symptoms of nasal obstruction and epistaxis. The treatment of choice is embolization followed by surgery.

    Authors: Mira Krstulja, Milodar Kujundžić, Adelaida Halaj, Tamara Braut and Niko Cvjetković

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:278

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Synovial metaplasia around a prosthesis and in particular around silicone breast implants has been noted by various investigators, but has unknown clinical significance. We report on a patient where a large am...

    Authors: Sarah Krishnanandan, Ali Abbassian, Anup K Sharma and Giles Cunnick

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:277

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia of the B-cell-lineage is strongly based upon clinical staging because of the heterogeneous clinical course of this disease.

    Authors: Isrid Sturm, Joachim Oertel, Stephan Oertel, Jörg Westermann and Antonio Pezzutto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:275

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Ondansetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptor antagonist widely used in the prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, is associated with various unusual adverse drug reactions. In this ...

    Authors: Karishma K Mehra, Nithya J Gogtay, Rohan Ainchwar and Lata S Bichile

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:274

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Hydatid cyst disease is common in some regions of the world and is usually located in the liver and lungs. This report presents two cases of primary hydatid cysts located subcutaneously: one in the medial thig...

    Authors: Abuzer Dirican, Bulent Unal, Cuneyt Kayaalp and Vedat Kirimlioglu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:273

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The bipartite medial cuneiform is an uncommon developmental osseous variant in the midfoot. To our knowledge, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) characteristics of a non-symptomatic bipartite medial cuneiform ha...

    Authors: Ilan Elias, Sachin Dheer, Adam C Zoga, Steven M Raikin and William B Morrison

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:272

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Solid pseudo-papillary tumors of the pancreas are rare and typically present in young female patients. They are slowly growing masses that may attain large size, and are of low malignant potential. Surgical re...

    Authors: Stylianos Apostolidis, Theodossis S Papavramidis, Akis Zatagias, Antonis Michalopoulos, Vassilis N Papadopoulos, Daniel Paramythiotis and Nick Harlaftis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:271

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The etiology of seizure disorders in lung cancer patients is broad and includes some rather rare causes of seizures which can sometimes be overlooked by physicians. Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is a rath...

    Authors: Vasileios Voutsas, Efrosyni Mylonaki, Konstantinos Gymnopoulos, Athanasios Kapetangiorgis, Christos Grigoriadis, Styliani Papaemanuell, Evaggelos Vafiadis and Pandora Christaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:270

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Schwannoma is a rare tumor among pancreatic neoplasms. Schwannomas vary in size, and most of them are cystic, mimicking pancreatic cystic lesions. Generally, a definitive diagnosis is made at the time of histo...

    Authors: Arash Mohammadi Tofigh, Mohammad Hashemi, Behzad Nemati Honar and Fereidoon Solhjoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:268

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Staphylococcus lugdunensis is an unusually virulent coagulase-negative staphylococcus that has rarely been implicated in central nervous system infections.

    Authors: Teresa Spanu, Donato Rigante, Gianpiero Tamburrini, Barbara Fiori, Tiziana D'Inzeo, Brunella Posteraro, Domenico Policicchio, Maurizio Sanguinetti and Giovanni Fadda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:267

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Lisfranc fracture dislocations of the foot are rare injuries. A recent literature search revealed no reported cases of injury to the tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) joint associated with sledding.

    Authors: Christopher E Benejam and Steven G Potaczek

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:266

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Pancytopenia secondary to hepatitis viral infection is a rare but noted clinical entity. An acute aplastic crisis usually occurs shortly after viral infection, however, viral serologies are usually negative an...

    Authors: Christopher Labos and Kaberi Dasgupta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:264

    Content type: Case report

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  15. A girl presented with achondroplasia manifested as mild knee pain associated with stiffness of her back. A skeletal survey showed enchondroma-like metaphyseal dysplasia and ossification of the spinal ligaments...

    Authors: Ali Al Kaissi, Rudolf Ganger, Klaus Klaushofer, Monika Rumpler and Franz Grill

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:263

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Hypercalcemia is well described in various granulomatous disorders, such as sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, berylliosis, leprosy and fungal infections. However, the association of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and hyp...

    Authors: Rafael Moura Almeida, Loureno Cezana, Daniela Miti Lemos Tsukumo, Marco Antônio de Carvalho-Filho and Mário José Abdalla Saad

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:262

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Chronic mesenteric ischaemia is an important cause of abdominal pain, especially in older patients with risk factors for vascular disease. Until recently, surgical revascularization procedures such as endarter...

    Authors: John A Almeida and Stephen M Riordan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:261

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Posterior shoulder fracture-dislocation is a rare emergency condition with poor prognosis when there is a delay in diagnosis and presence of associated injuries.

    Authors: Byron E Chalidis, Pericles P Papadopoulos and Christos G Dimitriou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:260

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Pulmonary siderosis secondary to the inhalation of iron compounds is a rare condition which, despite striking radiological and histopathological features, has not traditionally been associated with symptoms or...

    Authors: Liam M McCormick, Martin Goddard and Ravi Mahadeva

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:257

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Cystic hygroma is a benign congenital neoplasm that mostly presents as a soft-tissue mass in the posterior triangle of the neck. Pure mediastinal lesions are uncommon; the vast majority are asymptomatic and ar...

    Authors: Sarfraz Ahmed Nazir, Syed Arsalan Raza, Sheraz Nazir, William Sherwood, Colene Bowker and Kokila Lakhoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:256

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Pubic osteomyelitis should be suspected in athletic individuals with sudden groin pain, painful restriction of hip movements and fever. It is an infrequent and confusing disorder, which is often heralded by at...

    Authors: Naseem Naqvi, Rizwana Naqvi, Christopher Wong and Sushmita Pearce

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:255

    Content type: Case report

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:122

  22. Synovial haemangioma is a rare intra-articular benign tumour, which may arise from any synovium-lined surface, but particularly in the knee joint. Synovial haemangioma originating from the anterior cruciate li...

    Authors: Mathaios Tzurbakis, George Mouzopoulos, Emmanouil Morakis, Gerogios Nikolaras and Ioannis Georgilas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:254

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The surgical correction of anomalous movement such as upshoot in Duane syndrome is challenging. Lateral rectus muscle disinsertion and reattachment to the lateral orbital wall is a new approach used to minimiz...

    Authors: Dima Andalib and Alireza Javadzadeh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:253

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Many fetal malformations can occur because of maternal diabetes. However, ambiguous genital organs have never been reported as an associated finding in the literature. This is the first report of associated am...

    Authors: Patou Tantbirojn, Mana Taweevisit, Suchila Sritippayawan and Boonchai Uerpairojkit

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:251

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Recurrent dislocation of a total hip replacement prosthesis is a frustrating complication for both the surgeon and the patient. For positional dislocations with no indications for revision surgery, the current...

    Authors: King Wong, Manoj Sivan and Gordon Matthews

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:250

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Primary tumour of the kidney metastasizing to the tongue is very unusual and only anecdotal cases have been reported. An exhaustive literature review covering the period from 1911 onwards disclosed 28 cases. O...

    Authors: Faisal Azam, Muneer Abubakerr and Simon Gollins

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:249

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma is a rare but distinct variant of fibrosarcoma that not only presents as a deep-seated mass on the limbs and neck but can also occur adjacent to the fascia or peritoneum, as...

    Authors: Philip J Smith, Beverley Almeida, Jasna Krajacevic and Barry Taylor

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:248

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Polyorchidism is defined as the presence of more than two testes. The management of this rare condition is still debatable, particularly when it is an incidental finding at surgery.

    Authors: Sharan Athwal, Jignesh Tailor and Kokila Lakhoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:247

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Encephalitis is a common infection of the brain, associated with a high risk of mortality and morbidity despite intensive supportive therapy. This report describes a patient with acute clinical meningoencephal...

    Authors: Mari Terashima, Hiroshi Kataoka, Katsuji Hirai and Satoshi Ueno

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:246

    Content type: Case report

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  30. The association of thymoma with myasthenia gravis (MG) is well known. Thymoma with sarcoidosis however, is very rare. We presented an interesting case with coexisting thymoma, MG and sarcoidosis.

    Authors: Mohankumar Kurukumbi, Roger L Weir, Janaki Kalyanam, Mansoor Nasim and Annapurni Jayam-Trouth

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:245

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Gastric volvulus is an uncommon clinical entity, first described by Berti in 1866. It is a rotation of all or part of the stomach through more than 180°. This rotation can occur on the longitudinal (organo-axi...

    Authors: Umberto Morelli, Maurizio Bravetti, Paolo Ronca, Roberto Cirocchi, Angelo De Sol, Alessandro Spizzirri, Giammario Giustozzi and Francesco Sciannameo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:244

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Prurigo nodularis is an unusual disorder of unknown aetiology, which is notoriously resistant to therapy, and is characterized by extremely pruritic nodules with well-defined clinical symptoms and histopatholo...

    Authors: Michael Katotomichelakis, Dimitrios G Balatsouras, Konstantinos Bassioukas, Nikolaos Kontogiannis, Konstantinos Simopoulos and Vassilios Danielides

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:243

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant drug and is also used as a treatment for patients with manic-depressive illness, post-herpetic neuralgia or phantom limb pain. The drug itself has many drug interactions. Sim...

    Authors: Ozlem Guneysel, Ozge Onur, Arzu Denizbasi and Murat Saritemur

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:242

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Pelvo-ureteric junction obstruction and duplex kidney are common radiological findings. However, pelvo-ureteric junction obstruction in a duplex kidney is a rare finding. We present the case of a patient who p...

    Authors: James Lenton and Tze Wah

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:241

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Shoulder-hand syndrome is a relatively rare clinical entity classified as a complex regional pain syndrome type 1 and consisting essentially of a painful 'frozen shoulder' with disability, swelling, vasomotor ...

    Authors: Marco Massarotti, Gianluigi Ciocia, Roberto Ceriani, Arturo Chiti and Bianca Marasini

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:240

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Diagnosis of Takayasu's arteritis as the cause of stroke is often delayed because of non-specific clinical presentation. F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography may help to acc...

    Authors: Carl-Albrecht Haensch, Dirk-Armin Röhlen and Stefan Isenmann

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:239

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Pneumatosis coli is a rare disease with heterogeneous symptoms which can be detected in the course of various acute and chronic intestinal diseases in children, such as necrotizing enterocolitis, intestinal ob...

    Authors: Stefan Kircher, Rupert Wössner, Hans-Konrad Müller-Hermelink and Hans-Ullrich Völker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:238

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Torsion of the gallbladder is a rare condition that most commonly affects the elderly. Pre-operative diagnosis is the exception rather than the rule. Any delay in treatment can be fatal as the gallbladder may ...

    Authors: Samia Ijaz, Kaji Sritharan, Neil Russell, Manzoor Dar, Tahir Bhatti and Michael Ormiston

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:237

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Cystinosis is a hereditary storage disease resulting in intracellular accumulation of cystine and crystal formation that causes deterioration of the function of many organs. The major clinical symptom is renal...

    Authors: Marcus Müller, Andrea Baumeier, EB Ringelstein and IW Husstedt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:235

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Mycobacterium tuberculosis may cause a large variety of clinical presentations due to its ability to disseminate by contiguity or hematogenously. Tuberculosis may remain undiagnosed for years due to the chronic ...

    Authors: Olivier Clerc, Katia Jaton, Guy Prod'hom, Ludwig Von Segesser, Vincent Greloz and Gilbert Greub

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:233

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Ranitidine hydrochloride (Zantac®), a histamine-2-receptor antagonist, is a widely used medication with an excellent safety record. Anaphylactic reaction to ranitidine is an extremely rare event and a related dea...

    Authors: Antonio Oliva, Sara Partemi, Vincenzo Arena, Fabio De Giorgio, Catia Colecchi, Nadia Fucci and Vincenzo L Pascali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:232

    Content type: Case report

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