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  1. Metformin is a widely prescribed biguanide antidiabetic drug that has been implicated as a cause of hemolytic anemia in three previous case reports. We report a case of rapidly fatal hemolysis that was tempora...

    Authors: Clifford D Packer, Thomas R Hornick and Sarah A Augustine

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:300

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Nutritional optic neuropathies are uncommon and can be associated with gradual visual loss and optic atrophy or sudden vision loss and optic disc swelling.

    Authors: Punyanganie de Silva, Gerard Jayamanne and Robin Bolton

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:299

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Sciatica is a common problem, usually caused by disc herniation or spinal stenosis. Low back pain is also present in most cases. When sciatica is the unique clinical finding, especially in young patients, extr...

    Authors: Elias C Panagiotopoulos, Spyros A Syggelos, Athanasios Plotas, Gregorios Tsigkas and Panagiotis Dimopoulos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:298

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Hip fracture fixation surgery in patients with below-knee amputations poses a challenging problem to the surgeon in terms of obtaining traction for reduction of the fracture. The absence of the foot and part o...

    Authors: Ulfin Rethnam, Rajam Sheeja Yesupalan, Amer Shoaib and Thanga K Ratnam

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:296

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Scrotal leiomyomas are rare tumours which are essentially benign. Recurrence and malignant transformation to leiomyosarcoma have been reported. However, a specific subgroup with increased bizarre nuclei showin...

    Authors: Joe Philip, Ramaswamy Manikandan, Palaniswamy Vishwanathan and Joseph Mathew

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:295

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Small smooth objects that enter the gut nearly always pass uneventfully through the gastrointestinal tract. Retention of foreign objects may occur due to congenital obstructive anomaly of the gut.

    Authors: Pravas Chandra Subudhi, Shivaram Prasad Singh, Chudamani Meher and Omprakash Agrawal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:293

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Atrial fibrillation was previously reported in patients with esophageal cancer as a complication of total esophagectomy or photodynamic therapy. Here, we propose that atrial fibrillation may also be caused by ...

    Authors: Ulas Darda Bayraktar, Alix Dufresne, Soley Bayraktar, Roland Royston Purcell and Ofem Ibiah Ajah

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:292

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Clear cell neoplasms of the jaw are very infrequent and a review of the literature reports only isolated cases of metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma of the jaw.

    Authors: Giulio Gasparini, Roberto Boniello, Alessandro Moro, Francesco Federico, Federica Castri and Sandro Pelo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:290

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The occurrence of cytomegalovirus colitis is well known in immunosuppressed patients, such as neoplastic patients following chemotherapy, although its exact etiology remains unclear.

    Authors: Fuminori Teraishi, Hiroshi Shimamura, Takeo Suzuki, Masako Nakamoto, Akira Chikuba, Masashi Nezu, Shun Kohsaka, Takao Takiue and Hiroshi Chikuba

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:289

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Disk battery ingestions can lead to serious complications including airway or digestive tract perforation, blood vessel erosions, mediastinitis, and stricture formation.

    Authors: Muhammad A Altaf, Praveen S Goday and Grzegorz Telega

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:286

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Osteoid osteoma is a benign tumor of the growing skeleton. It presents with pain, which is usually worse at night. The radiographic features consist of a central oval or round nidus surrounded first by a radio...

    Authors: Efstathios Chronopoulos, Fragiskos N Xypnitos, Vassilios S Nikolaou, Nicolas Efstathopoulos and Dimitrios Korres

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:285

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Acquired partial lipodystrophy or Barraquer-Simons syndrome is a rare form of progressive lipodystrophy. The etiopathogenesis of adipose tissue atrophy in these patients is unknown.

    Authors: Jordi P Guallar, Ricardo Rojas-Garcia, Elena Garcia-Arumi, Joan C Domingo, Eduardo Gallardo, Antoni L Andreu, Pere Domingo, Isabel Illa, Marta Giralt and Francesc Villarroya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:284

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Insulin allergy may occur in patients treated with subcutaneous applications of insulin preparations. Besides additives in the insulin preparation such as protamine, cresol, and phenol, the insulin molecule it...

    Authors: Claudia Pföhler, Cornelia S L Müller, Dirk O Hasselmann and Wolfgang Tilgen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:283

    Content type: Case report

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  14. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman with a seronegative rheumatoid arthritis who developed pustular psoriasis whilst on etanercept and subsequently developed disseminated herpes simplex on infliximab.

    Authors: Elizabeth Ann Justice, Sophia Yasmin Khan, Sarah Logan and Paresh Jobanputra

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:282

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Dermal sinus tracts are rare congenital lesions located in the midline characterized by a cutaneous pit or dimple. They occur all along the midline neuroaxis, from the nasion and occipital area down to the lum...

    Authors: Mostafa El Khashab, Farideh Nejat and Abolhasan Ertiaei

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:281

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Fibroepithelial polyps of the ureter are benign tumors arising from the mesodermal tissue in the ureteral wall. Their etiology remains unknown. Hematuria and obstructive urinary symptoms are the most common fi...

    Authors: Tahsin Turunc, Baris Kuzgunbay and Tuba Canpolat

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:280

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Primary hepatic lymphoma is an unusual form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that usually presents with constitutional symptoms, hepatomegaly and signs of cholestatic jaundice. Diffuse hepatic infiltration is uncommo...

    Authors: Fyeza S Haider, Robert Smith and Sharif Khan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:279

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma presents with symptoms of nasal obstruction and epistaxis. The treatment of choice is embolization followed by surgery.

    Authors: Mira Krstulja, Milodar Kujundžić, Adelaida Halaj, Tamara Braut and Niko Cvjetković

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:278

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Synovial metaplasia around a prosthesis and in particular around silicone breast implants has been noted by various investigators, but has unknown clinical significance. We report on a patient where a large am...

    Authors: Sarah Krishnanandan, Ali Abbassian, Anup K Sharma and Giles Cunnick

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:277

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia of the B-cell-lineage is strongly based upon clinical staging because of the heterogeneous clinical course of this disease.

    Authors: Isrid Sturm, Joachim Oertel, Stephan Oertel, Jörg Westermann and Antonio Pezzutto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:275

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Ondansetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptor antagonist widely used in the prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, is associated with various unusual adverse drug reactions. In this ...

    Authors: Karishma K Mehra, Nithya J Gogtay, Rohan Ainchwar and Lata S Bichile

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:274

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Hydatid cyst disease is common in some regions of the world and is usually located in the liver and lungs. This report presents two cases of primary hydatid cysts located subcutaneously: one in the medial thig...

    Authors: Abuzer Dirican, Bulent Unal, Cuneyt Kayaalp and Vedat Kirimlioglu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:273

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The bipartite medial cuneiform is an uncommon developmental osseous variant in the midfoot. To our knowledge, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) characteristics of a non-symptomatic bipartite medial cuneiform ha...

    Authors: Ilan Elias, Sachin Dheer, Adam C Zoga, Steven M Raikin and William B Morrison

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:272

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Solid pseudo-papillary tumors of the pancreas are rare and typically present in young female patients. They are slowly growing masses that may attain large size, and are of low malignant potential. Surgical re...

    Authors: Stylianos Apostolidis, Theodossis S Papavramidis, Akis Zatagias, Antonis Michalopoulos, Vassilis N Papadopoulos, Daniel Paramythiotis and Nick Harlaftis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:271

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The etiology of seizure disorders in lung cancer patients is broad and includes some rather rare causes of seizures which can sometimes be overlooked by physicians. Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is a rath...

    Authors: Vasileios Voutsas, Efrosyni Mylonaki, Konstantinos Gymnopoulos, Athanasios Kapetangiorgis, Christos Grigoriadis, Styliani Papaemanuell, Evaggelos Vafiadis and Pandora Christaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:270

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Schwannoma is a rare tumor among pancreatic neoplasms. Schwannomas vary in size, and most of them are cystic, mimicking pancreatic cystic lesions. Generally, a definitive diagnosis is made at the time of histo...

    Authors: Arash Mohammadi Tofigh, Mohammad Hashemi, Behzad Nemati Honar and Fereidoon Solhjoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:268

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Staphylococcus lugdunensis is an unusually virulent coagulase-negative staphylococcus that has rarely been implicated in central nervous system infections.

    Authors: Teresa Spanu, Donato Rigante, Gianpiero Tamburrini, Barbara Fiori, Tiziana D'Inzeo, Brunella Posteraro, Domenico Policicchio, Maurizio Sanguinetti and Giovanni Fadda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:267

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Lisfranc fracture dislocations of the foot are rare injuries. A recent literature search revealed no reported cases of injury to the tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) joint associated with sledding.

    Authors: Christopher E Benejam and Steven G Potaczek

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:266

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Pancytopenia secondary to hepatitis viral infection is a rare but noted clinical entity. An acute aplastic crisis usually occurs shortly after viral infection, however, viral serologies are usually negative an...

    Authors: Christopher Labos and Kaberi Dasgupta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:264

    Content type: Case report

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  30. A girl presented with achondroplasia manifested as mild knee pain associated with stiffness of her back. A skeletal survey showed enchondroma-like metaphyseal dysplasia and ossification of the spinal ligaments...

    Authors: Ali Al Kaissi, Rudolf Ganger, Klaus Klaushofer, Monika Rumpler and Franz Grill

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:263

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Hypercalcemia is well described in various granulomatous disorders, such as sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, berylliosis, leprosy and fungal infections. However, the association of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and hyp...

    Authors: Rafael Moura Almeida, Loureno Cezana, Daniela Miti Lemos Tsukumo, Marco Antônio de Carvalho-Filho and Mário José Abdalla Saad

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:262

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Chronic mesenteric ischaemia is an important cause of abdominal pain, especially in older patients with risk factors for vascular disease. Until recently, surgical revascularization procedures such as endarter...

    Authors: John A Almeida and Stephen M Riordan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:261

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Posterior shoulder fracture-dislocation is a rare emergency condition with poor prognosis when there is a delay in diagnosis and presence of associated injuries.

    Authors: Byron E Chalidis, Pericles P Papadopoulos and Christos G Dimitriou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:260

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Pulmonary siderosis secondary to the inhalation of iron compounds is a rare condition which, despite striking radiological and histopathological features, has not traditionally been associated with symptoms or...

    Authors: Liam M McCormick, Martin Goddard and Ravi Mahadeva

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:257

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Cystic hygroma is a benign congenital neoplasm that mostly presents as a soft-tissue mass in the posterior triangle of the neck. Pure mediastinal lesions are uncommon; the vast majority are asymptomatic and ar...

    Authors: Sarfraz Ahmed Nazir, Syed Arsalan Raza, Sheraz Nazir, William Sherwood, Colene Bowker and Kokila Lakhoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:256

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Pubic osteomyelitis should be suspected in athletic individuals with sudden groin pain, painful restriction of hip movements and fever. It is an infrequent and confusing disorder, which is often heralded by at...

    Authors: Naseem Naqvi, Rizwana Naqvi, Christopher Wong and Sushmita Pearce

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:255

    Content type: Case report

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:122

  37. Synovial haemangioma is a rare intra-articular benign tumour, which may arise from any synovium-lined surface, but particularly in the knee joint. Synovial haemangioma originating from the anterior cruciate li...

    Authors: Mathaios Tzurbakis, George Mouzopoulos, Emmanouil Morakis, Gerogios Nikolaras and Ioannis Georgilas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:254

    Content type: Case report

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  38. The surgical correction of anomalous movement such as upshoot in Duane syndrome is challenging. Lateral rectus muscle disinsertion and reattachment to the lateral orbital wall is a new approach used to minimiz...

    Authors: Dima Andalib and Alireza Javadzadeh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:253

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Polyorchidism is defined as the presence of more than two testes. The management of this rare condition is still debatable, particularly when it is an incidental finding at surgery.

    Authors: Sharan Athwal, Jignesh Tailor and Kokila Lakhoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:247

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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