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  1. Content type: Case report

    Brucellosis may cause serious infections in healthy individuals living in countries that are endemic for the infection. However, reports of brucella infections in immunocompromised hosts are relatively rare.

    Authors: Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi and Asma Marzouq Al-Jasser

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:144

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  2. Content type: Case report

    To report a case of spontaneous corneal melting in pregnancy. We reviewed the literature on corneal melting and the effect of pregnancy on cornea and collagen containing tissues.

    Authors: Sudesh K Arya, Archana Malik, Sonika Gupta, Hemlata Gupta and Sunandan Sood

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:143

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Endosteal hyperostosis was encountered in a 26-year-old-man and his 6-month-old daughter. Both the father and his daughter presented with fractures. Odontoid process hyperplasia, and progressive sclerosis of t...

    Authors: Ali Al Kaissi, Franz Varga, Shahin Zandieh, Klaus Klaushofer and Franz Grill

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:142

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Pelvic actinomycosis is a rare disease that can result in abscess formation, bowel obstruction, and other serious complications. Moreover, the correct diagnosis can seldom be established before radical surgery...

    Authors: Hiroaki Nozawa, Yoshinao Yamada, Yasuhiko Muto, Shirane Arita and Kohzo Aisaka

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:141

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) patients are prone to develop carcinoid tumors. Few cases report the development of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors in patients with MEN-1 syndrome related tumors....

    Authors: Cherif Boutros, Diana Cheng-Robles and Robert Goldenkranz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:140

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  6. Content type: Case report

    The natural history of patients with spontaneous parathyroid necrosis is unknown. In this case report we describe the clinical course, laboratory, radiographic, bone densitometry tests, parathyroid ultrasonogr...

    Authors: Francisco A Pereira, Daniel F Brandão, Jorge Elias Jr and Francisco JA Paula

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:139

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Gefitinib is a new molecular-targeted agent for the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer that fail to respond to conventional chemotherapy. Gefitinib is considered to be well tolerate...

    Authors: Kazuya Takamochi, Kazuya Suzuki, Abul Hasan Muhammad Bashar, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takahiro Mochizuki, Toru Itaya and Kazuhito Funai

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:138

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal nematode of humans. Adults usually have low worm burdens and are asymptomatic. Ectopic infections in the pelvic area or urinary tract rarely occur in women. We report a...

    Authors: Athanasios Zahariou, Maria Karamouti and Polyanthi Papaioannou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:137

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Though gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) frequently present with gastrointestinal bleeding, the guidelines for the management and control of bleeding are unclear especially in patients who are not approp...

    Authors: Mouen A Khashab, Harvey M Cramer and Suthat Liangpunsakul

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:136

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Amiodarone is a widely used antiarrythmic drug, which may produce secondary effects on the thyroid. In 14–18% of amiodarone-treated patients, there is overt thyroid dysfunction, usually in the form of amiodaro...

    Authors: Vasilios Papaioannou, Irene Terzi, Christos Dragoumanis, Dimitrios Konstantonis, Vassiliki Theodorou and Ioannis Pneumatikos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:134

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) have always been considered different from each other; in their incidence, their cell origin and their histopathological features.

    Authors: Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Patrizia Castano, Valentina Bertolini, Luigi Boni, Francesca Rovera, Maria Laura Tanda, Carlo Capella, Luigi Bartalena and Renzo Dionigi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:133

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Delayed-onset heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis, albeit rare, is a severe side effect of heparin exposure. It can occur within one month after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with manifes...

    Authors: Abbas Salehi Omran, Abbasali Karimi, Hossein Ahmadi and Parin Yazdanifard

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:131

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  13. Content type: Case report

    We describe a patient with previously undiagnosed hypothyroidism who developed rhabdomyolysis while taking a statin. He had no other precipitating factors. The statin was stopped, intravenous fluids were start...

    Authors: Ekrem Yeter, Telat Keles, Tahir Durmaz and Engin Bozkurt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:130

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  14. Content type: Case report

    The superficial ulnar artery is a rare variation of the upper limb arterial system that arises from the brachial or axillary artery and runs superficial to the muscles arising from the medial epicondyle [13]. Th...

    Authors: Kithsiri J Senanayake, Sujatha Salgado, Manjula J Rathnayake, Ranil Fernando and Kosala Somarathne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:128

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is commonly seen in the upper esophagus during endoscopyand is generally considered a benign disease. A hyperplastic polyp and an adenocarcinoma arising in heterotopic gastric ...

    Authors: Hakan Alagozlu, Meltem Ergun, Mehmet Cindoruk, Selahattin Unal, Sukru Dumlu, Aylar Poyraz and Ayse Dursun

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:127

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Unlike other agents used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, metformin has been shown to reduce mortality in obese patients. It is therefore being increasingly used in higher doses. The major concern...

    Authors: Joana Silvestre, Susana Carvalho, Vitor Mendes, Luis Coelho, Camila Tapadinhas, Pedro Ferreira, Pedro Povoa and Fatima Ceia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:126

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Epistaxis is the most common emergency presenting to the ENT surgeon. Here we present a case of epistaxis arising from the sphenopalatine artery in a patient who had previously had the ipsilateral external car...

    Authors: Tawakir Kamani, Simon Shaw, Ahmed Ali, George Manjaly and Martin Jeffree

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:125

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Rheumatoid nodules are common extra-articular findings occurring in 20% of rheumatoid arthritis patients. They develop most commonly subcutaneously in pressure areas (elbows and finger joints) and may occasion...

    Authors: Tahwinder Upile, Waseem Jerjes, Fabian Sipaul, Sandeep Singh, Colin Hopper, Anthony Wright and Ann Sandison

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:123

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure in children and is usually linked with Escherichia coli O157 infection. With a fatality rate of around 5%, some reports have as...

    Authors: Siddharthan Sivamurthy, John D Mooney and Tom D Kenny

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:122

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Graft-versus-host disease is one of the most frequent complications occurring after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Recently, renal involvement has been described as a manifestation of chronic graft-...

    Authors: Sandra Silva, José Maximino, Rui Henrique, Ana Paiva, Jorge Baldaia, Fernando Campilho, Pedro Pimentel and Alfredo Loureiro

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:121

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) has been recently proposed as an alternative tool in identifying myocardial viability and transmural distribution of necrosis in the myocardium.

    Authors: Mauro Feola, Gian Luca Rosso, Alberto Biggi, Stephane Chauvie, Giovanni Leonardi, Franca Margaria, Maurizio Grosso and Valeria Ferrero

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:120

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and associated myositis caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus pyogenes generally have a poor outcome despite aggressive operative treatment. Frequently the diagnosis...

    Authors: Thayur R Madhusudhan, Srivatsa Sambamurthy, Eileen Williams and Ian C Smith

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:118

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Amyloidosis is a rare disease characterised by the deposition of insoluble extracellular fibrillar proteins in various tissues of the body. The pattern of manifestation is organ dependent and also on whether t...

    Authors: Daniel D Kokong, Titus S Ibekwe, Clement A Okolo, Aliyu M Kodiya, James A Fasunla, Onyekwere G B Nwaorgu and Effiong E U Akang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:117

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  24. Content type: Case report

    We report a case of a 49-year-old male with a history of chronic alcoholism and evidence of a pancreatic pseudocyst on CT scanning. He presented with a 3-days history of fever, loss of appetite and upper abdom...

    Authors: Adriana Orzechowska, Sandra Lacey, Geraldine Soosay and Mark Melzer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:116

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Patients with solid malignant tumours are at increased risk of Pneumocystis jiroveci infection from immunosuppression as a result of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, but active Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in un...

    Authors: Cai Chuang, Xie Zhanhong, Gu Yinyin, Zeng Qingsi, Zhong Shuqing and Zhong Nanshan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:115

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Cytofluorographic and molecular techniques are effective adjuncts in diagnosing intraocular lymphoma. Primary intraocular lymphoma is an uncommon entity predominantly of B cell origin and rarely with a T cell ...

    Authors: Alvaro D Saenz, Alexandra Amador, Brianna M Ruiz, Janet Davis and Phillip Ruiz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:114

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Breast lymphoma, either as a manifestation of primary extranodal disease or as secondary involvement, is a rare malignancy, and its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment have not been clearly defined. On the oth...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Afroditi Nonni, Dimitra Koulocheri, Philip Domeyer, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Nikolaos Pararas, Antonia Gounaris and George C Zografos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:113

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst (TPP) is a rare complication, sometimes encountered after blunt thoracic trauma and even more rarely following penetrating injuries. It is more common among pediatric and young a...

    Authors: Bulent Kocer, Gultekin Gulbahar, Nesimi Gunal, Koray Dural and Unal Sakinci

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:112

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Arteriovenous malformations of the lower urinary tract are uncommon lesions, usually presenting as scrotal masses. A case of recurrent acute scrotal pain mimicking testicular torsion that was attributed to the...

    Authors: Petros Sountoulides, Athanasios Bantis, Irene Asouhidou and Hellen Aggelonidou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:110

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn's disease may involve the skin, the eyes, the genital mucosa, and the joints. Dermatoses associated with Crohn's disease include neutrophilic dermatoses, erythema nodosu...

    Authors: David Farhi, Paul Duriez, Selim Aractingi, Jacques Cosnes and Kiarash Khosrotehrani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:109

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  31. Content type: Case report

    We report a case of ipsilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema occurring after the insertion of a chest tube in a patient with spontaneous pneumothorax. The patient received supplemental oxygen via a non-rebreath...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Ladina Joos and Roland Bingisser

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:107

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  32. Content type: Case report

    There are several surgical complications which can occur following simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). Although intestinal obstruction is known to be a common complication after any type of ab...

    Authors: Unal Aydin, Pinar Yazici, Huseyin Toz, Cuneyt Hoscoskun and Ahmet Coker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:106

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Coexistence of pulmonary embolism and systemic arterial embolism suggest the diagnosis of paradoxical embolism which suggests the presence of intracardiac defects such as patent foramen ovale (PFO).

    Authors: Shan Guo, Ingram Roberts and Jose Missri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:104

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Mullerian adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth (MASO) is a rare variant of uterine sarcomas, associated with postoperative recurrence, metastases and a fatal outcome. The mean age at diagnosis is 54.5 year...

    Authors: Mirna H Farhat, Elie M Hobeika, Ghada Moumneh and Anwar H Nassar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:103

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  35. Content type: Case report

    A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following d...

    Authors: Thomas F Hiemstra, Christopher OC Bellamy and Jeremy H Hughes

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:102

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Pulmonary emphysema and bronchiectasis in HIV seropositive patients has been described in the presence of injection drug use, malnutrition, repeated opportunistic infections, such as Pneumocytis jirovici pneumoni...

    Authors: Steven F. J. Callens, Faustin Kitetele, Patricia Lelo, Nicole Shabani, Jean Lusiama, Okitolanda Wemakoy, Robert Colebunders, Frieda Behets and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:101

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  37. Content type: Case report

    According to the International Headache Society, idiopathic stabbing headache (ISH), an indomethacin-responsive headache syndrome, is a paroxysmal disorder of short duration manifested as head pain occurring a...

    Authors: Mortimer B. O'Connor, Elizabeth Murphy, Mark J. Phelan and Michael J. Regan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:100

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  38. Content type: Case report

    An accurate, early diagnosis and treatment of adenomatous polyp can curtail progression to colorectal cancer. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-18 FDG PET) reveals the biochemical changes...

    Authors: Bhavya Rehani, Richard M. Chasen, Yvonne Dowdy, Ankur Bharija, Martin Satter, Pamela Strohmeyer and Joseph Mantil

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:99

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  39. Content type: Case report

    2-methylbutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency or short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SBCADD) is caused by a defect in the degradation pathway of the amino acid L-isoleucine.

    Authors: Oivind J. Kanavin, Berit Woldseth, Egil Jellum, Bjorn Tvedt, Brage S. Andresen and Petter Stromme

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:98

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Congenital arhinia is an extremely rare anomaly consisting of an absence of external nasal structures and nasal passages. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported. Patients with a familial absence of the nose ha...

    Authors: Guzin Akkuzu, Babur Akkuzu, Erdinc Aydin, Murat Derbent and Levent Ozluoglu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:97

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Pregnancy in women with advanced liver disease is rare. In this paper we described the case of a successful pregnancy in a young woman with advanced cirrhosis due to hepatitis B surface antigenemia, hepatitis ...

    Authors: Amna Subhan, Shahab Abid and Wasim Jafri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:96

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of morbidity in the UK and is increasingly seen in elderly patients, often requiring multiple courses of steroids. We present a case of a 72 year ...

    Authors: Alison C. Boland, Elizabeth H. Iveson and Mark W. Elliott

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:91

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