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  1. Pancreatitis is a rare manifestation of cystic fibrosis (CF) and may rarely be the presenting symptom in adolescent or adult patients with CF. We report a case of a 4 year-old female who initially presented wi...

    Authors: Laurie Conklin, Pamela L. Zeitlin and Carmen Cuffari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:176

    Content type: Case report

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  2. A 59-year-old Caucasian woman presented with an acute onset of alexia, noticed whilst driving. She described how while she could read car number plates, she had lost the ability to read and understand words on...

    Authors: P. Thomas, A. Keightley, R. Kamble, N. Gunasekera and M. R. Johnson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:175

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an environmental bacterium increasingly involved in nosocomial infections and resistant to most antibiotics. It is important to recognize and efficiently treat infections with thi...

    Authors: Sophie Bayle, Clarisse Rovery, Pascal Sbragia, Didier Raoult and Philippe Brouqui

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:174

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Heterotopic gastric mucosa is described almost everywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, from the oral cavity to the rectum. The occurrence of heterotopic gastric tissue in the gallbladder is rare. A choristom...

    Authors: Angel I. Popkharitov, Maya V. Gulubova, Angel D. Dandov and Dimitar P. Sivrev

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:173

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous osteochondroplasia with symmetrical involvement. It is characterized by joint pain in childhood and early adulthood with early onset ...

    Authors: R. K. Trehan, N. Dabbas, D. Allwood, M. Agarwal and C. Kinmont

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:172

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Pure lateral elbow dislocation is rare, and a successful closed reduction is even rarer. Reduction can be hindered by swelling, soft tissue interposition or associated fractures.

    Authors: Sameer K Khan, Rajat Chopra and Debasis Chakravarty

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:170

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Nitrofurantoin is a commonly used drug in the treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections. Many adverse effects of nitrofurantoin have been documented, including aplastic anemia, polyneuritis, and liv...

    Authors: Natascha N T Goemaere, Karin Grijm, Peter Th W van Hal and Michael A den Bakker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:169

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Primary pancreatic lymphoma is a very rare but manageable malignant tumour which may be clinically confused as a pancreatic carcinoma. This case report demonstrates the value of surgical resection in the manag...

    Authors: Theodore Liakakos, Evangelos P Misiakos, Dimitrios Tsapralis, Irene Nikolaou, Gabriel Karatzas and Anastasios Macheras

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:167

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Pancreas divisum is a congenital anatomical anomaly characterized by the lack of fusion of the ventral and dorsal parts of the pancreas during the eighth week of fetal development. This condition is found in 5...

    Authors: Massimo De Filippo, Emiliano Giudici, Nicola Sverzellati and Maurizio Zompatori

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:166

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy is a minimally invasive technique used increasingly for the assessment of mammographically detected, non-palpable breast lesions. The effectiveness of vacuum-assisted breast biops...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Dimitra Koulocheri, Georgia Giannakopoulou, Aphrodite Nonni, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Ioannis Flessas, John Bramis and George C Zografos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:165

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Nephrogenic adenomas are generally considered to be benign lesions, but there remains a risk for malignant transformation. Patients with immunosuppression in particular appear to be at a higher risk of maligna...

    Authors: Edwin Hungerhuber, Ekkehard Bach, Arndt Hartmann, Dominic Frimberger, Christian Stief and Dirk Zaak

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:164

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a distinct clinical entity that can present as a rare life-threatening event characterized by sudden onset of bleeding into the retroperitoneal space, occurring in ass...

    Authors: Stavros I Daliakopoulos, Andreas Bairaktaris, Dimitrios Papadimitriou and Perikles Pappas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:162

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Internal hernias are a rare cause of small bowel obstruction and are estimated to account for 1% to 5% of cases. Herniation through a defect in the sigmoid mesocolon constitutes 6% of all internal hernias.

    Authors: Danielle Collins, Dara Kavanagh, Eddie Myers, Steve Richards and Enda McDermott

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:161

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Pentazocine, a synthetic narcotic analgesic, is commonly used for the relief of moderate to severe pain secondary to various conditions. It is usually well tolerated; however, adverse effects are not uncommon,...

    Authors: Vinay Goyal, Jatinder M Chawla, Yatan P S Balhara, Garima Shukla, Sumit Singh and Madhuri Behari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:160

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Myofibroblastoma of the breast is a rare benign stromal tumour seen predominantly in men. The gross appearance is that of a well-circumscribed nodule, characteristically small, seldom exceeding 3 cm. We presen...

    Authors: Abeywardana M S Abeysekara, H P Priyantha Siriwardana, K F Abbas, Peter Tanner and Akin A Ojo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:157

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Strongyloides stercoralis infection affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. As immigration rates and international travel increase, so does the number of cases of strongyloidiasis in the United States....

    Authors: Catherine J Hunter, Mikael Petrosyan and Morris Asch

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:156

    Content type: Case report

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  17. People with schizophrenia are at increased risk of developing metabolic disturbances. This risk may be further exacerbated by the use of antipsychotic agents. Research is still ongoing to determine the metabol...

    Authors: Romina Lopez Gaston, Mohan George and Nangai Azhahan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:155

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The spontaneous rupture of an infected renal cyst is a rare event. Spontaneous rupture with drainage to the exterior through a surgical scar has not been reported previously.

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Peter L Hughes, Tun Oo and Bakul M Soni

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:154

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Dynamic retinal vessel analysis represents a well-established method for the assessment of vascular reactivity during both normal conditions and after various provocations. We present a case where the subject ...

    Authors: Rebekka Heitmar, Doina Gherghel, Richard Armstrong, Robert Cubbidge and Sarah Hosking

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:153

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is an increasingly recognized cause of pulmonary disease in immunocompetent individuals. An acute form of MAC lung disease, MAC-associated pneumonitis, has generally been associ...

    Authors: Victor Zota, Sheryn M Angelis, Armando E Fraire, Ciaran McNamee, Shasta Kielbasa and Daniel H Libraty

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:152

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma is an autoimmune rheumatic disease characterized by organ-based fibrosis. Renal involvement in scleroderma occurs mainly in the form of scleroderma renal crisis, affecting 5 t...

    Authors: Arunachalam Ramaswami, Thiraviam Kandaswamy, Tholappan Rajendran, Kizhake Pisharam Jeyakrishnan, Hla Aung, Mohammaed Iqbal, Chakko K Jacob, Haji Shaukat Zinna and Gazala Kafeel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:151

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Deep accidental hypothermia (body temperature below 28°C) is rare and has a high mortality rate. Successful resuscitation usually occurs in the young, but a prompt intervention using a portable extracorporeal ...

    Authors: Simone S Cooper, Thomas J Papadimos, Jeffery A Campbell, Gregory J Cerilli, Shuab Omer, Anthony L Braida and Ali M Hassan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:150

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Hepatic and splenic hemangiomas are common benign tumors that mainly affect female patients. Giant splenic hemangiomas are extremely rare, especially when correlated with multiple hepatic hemangiomas. Pathogen...

    Authors: George Chatzoulis, Andreas Kaltsas, Stauros Daliakopoulos, Osama Sallam, Kaltsa Maria, Kostas Chatzoulis and Ioannis Pachiadakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:147

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disease that causes acute or chronic hemolytic anemia and potentially leads to severe jaundice in response to oxidative agents. This defici...

    Authors: Gladys Cossio de Gurrola, Juan José Araúz, Elfilda Durán, Maribel Aguilar-Medina, Rosalío Ramos-Payán, Noemí García-Magallanes, Gerardo Vaca Pacheco and Eliakym Arámbula Meraz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:146

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia (BOOP) may often present initially as a recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax and then develop multi-system complications.

    Authors: Indranil Chakravorty, William LG Oldfield and Carlos MH Gómez

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:145

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are very rare benign lesions. They are more common in women and rarely manifest in elderly people. In some cases they present with massive hematuria. Contemp...

    Authors: P Sountoulides, I Zachos, K Paschalidis, I Asouhidou, A Fotiadou, A Bantis, M Palasopoulou and T Podimatas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:144

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common condition in the United Kingdom with the prevalence varying from 21% in infants aged 0–6 months to 6.4% at the age of 16 years. Patients with AD experience high rates of colo...

    Authors: Gadha Mohiyiddeen, Ian Brett and Edward Jude

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:143

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Angio-osteohypotrophic syndrome is also known as Servelle-Martorell angiodysplasia. It is characterized by venous or, rarely, arterial malformations, which may result in limb hypertrophy and bony hypoplasia. E...

    Authors: Raju Karuppal, Rajendran V Raman, Brijesh P Valsalan, TS Gopakumar, Chathoth Meethal Kumaran and Chembu Kara Vasu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:142

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Postoperative spinal extradural hematomas are rare. Most of the cases that have been reported occured within 3 days of surgery. Their occurrence in a delayed form, that is, more than 72 hours after surgery, is...

    Authors: Chandra JKB Parthiban and Shiju A Majeed

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:141

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Two species of Ehrlichia are known to cause human illness. Several other species have been discovered in ticks and animals, and recent reports suggest that some of these Ehrlichia species might be human pathogens...

    Authors: Will K Reeves, Amanda D Loftis, William L Nicholson and Alan G Czarkowski

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:139

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Radiation-induced morphea (RIM) of the breast is a rare complication of radiotherapy. It is disfiguring, painful and defeats the purpose of achieving a good cosmesis in breast-conservation surgery. This report...

    Authors: Nellie LC Cheah, Daniel WY Wong and Anula D Chetiyawardana

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:136

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Iliopsoas pseudotumour is a serious complication of haemophilia. We present the case of a 20-year-old male patient with a six-month history of left leg weakness, limitation of movement and wasting of the muscl...

    Authors: Azan S Al Saadi, Ali H Al Wadan, Sami A El Hamarneh and Mohamed E Emad

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:135

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Malignant melanoma is a neoplasia which frequently involves the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). GIT metastases are difficult to diagnose because they often recur many years after treatment of the primary cutaneo...

    Authors: Federico Alghisi, Pietro Crispino, Andrea Cocco, Antonio G Richetta, Francesco Nardi, Paolo Paoluzi and Danilo Badiali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:134

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Primary splenic angiosarcoma is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin carrying a very poor prognosis, partly due to its high metastatic potential. This disease presents frequently with splenic rupture and hemorrh...

    Authors: Andreas Manouras, Panagiotis Giannopoulos, Levon Toufektzian, Haridimos Markogiannakis, Emmanuel E Lagoudianakis, Artemisia Papadima, Dimitrios Papanikolaou, Konstantinos Filis and Panagiotis Kekis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:133

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint is rare, comprising approximately 0.5% to 1% of all joint infections. Predisposing causes include immunocompromising diseases such as diabetes, HIV infection, ren...

    Authors: Charita Pradhan, Nicholas FS Watson, Nitin Jagasia, Ray Chari and Jane E Patterson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:131

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Heterotopic bone is rarely found in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report a rare case of metaplastic ossification within a benign ulcerating adenoma and review the literature concerning the aetiology.

    Authors: Victoria White, Aidan G Shaw, Gillian M Tierney, Jonathan N Lund and David Semeraro

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:130

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Angiolipomas are frequently observed benign tumours. They have a typical vascular component and are often located in subcutaneous tissues, and more rarely, in the gastrointestinal tract.

    Authors: Nicola Della Volpe, Luigi Bianco, Claudio Bonuso, Mario Annecchiarico, Pierino Di Silverio and Assunta Caiazza

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:129

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Breast cancer in men is rare. The evidence about treatment has been derived from data on the management of the disease in women. The usual treatment is for male patients to undergo modified radical mastectomy....

    Authors: Sophocles Lanitis, George Filippakis, Ragheed Al Mufti and Dimitri J Hadjiminas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:126

    Content type: Case report

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