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  1. Content type: Case report

    Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and commonly presents with vascular thromboembolic phenomena, thrombocytopenia, and obstetric co...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Karen Humphreys and Campbell Thompson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:226

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Unilateral pulmonary edema is an uncommon condition and is a rare clinical entity that is often misdiagnosed at the initial stages. In a majority of patients it occurs in the upper lobe of the right lung. Ther...

    Authors: Rangani Handagala, Udaya Ralapanawa and Thilak Jayalath

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:219

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Cushing syndrome coexisting with multiple myeloma has been previously described in a few reports. Overlapping clinical manifestations can lead to misdiagnoses.

    Authors: Taweesak Wannachalee, Nuttagarn Jantanapornchai, Kittima Suphadirekkul, Sirinart Sirinvaravong and Weerapat Owattanapanich

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:218

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of cholesterol biosynthesis which is characterized by multiple congenital malformations and global developmental delay. Here we report the case...

    Authors: Chamara Jayamanne, Sajith Sandamal, Kasun Jayasundara, Mayoorathy Saranavabavananthan and Sachith Mettananda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:217

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Thrombotic microangiopathy is caused by various conditions, but few cases secondary to trauma have been reported. We present the rare case of a patient with thrombotic microangiopathy-induced high-impact traum...

    Authors: Kaori Ikegami, Takuma Yamagishi, Junya Tajima, Yukinori Inoue, Ken Kumagai, Yasuo Hirose, Daisuke Kondo and Koji Nikkuni

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:216

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Dengue is a common arboviral infection with a diverse spectrum of clinical manifestations. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more severe form of infection characterized by plasma leak and hemoconcentration. Althou...

    Authors: Chamara Dalugama and Indika Bandara Gawarammana

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:215

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  7. Content type: Case report

    The duodenum and the left renal vein occupy the vascular angle made by the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. When the angle becomes too acute, compression of either structure can occur. Each type of co...

    Authors: Rebeca Heidbreder

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:214

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Hump-nosed pit vipers (Genus: Hypnale) are medically important snakes in Sri Lanka and South India. Merrem’s Hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale hypnale) frequently leads to potentially fatal envenomings in Sri Lanka a...

    Authors: Umesh de Silva, Chamara Sarathchandra, Hemal Senanayake, Senaka Pilapitiya, Sisira Siribaddana and Anjana Silva

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:213

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Blunt trauma causing brachial artery injury in a young patient is very rare. Cases of brachial artery injury may be associated with closed elbow dislocation or instability. Elbow dislocation may not be evident...

    Authors: Zi Hao Phang, Mohd Fadhli B. Miskon and Sa’adon B. Ibrahim

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:211

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Combined central diabetes insipidus and cerebral salt wasting syndrome is a rare clinical finding. However, when this happens, mortality is high due to delayed diagnosis and/or inadequate treatment.

    Authors: Maria Manuel Costa, César Esteves, José Luís Castedo, Josué Pereira and Davide Carvalho

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:212

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Survival of neonates with intrauterine renal insufficiency and oligo- or anhydramnios correlates with the severity of secondary pulmonary hypoplasia. Early prenatal diagnosis together with repetitive amnioinfu...

    Authors: Eva Gatzweiler, Bernd Hoppe, Oliver Dewald, Christoph Berg, Andreas Müller, Heiko Reutter and Florian Kipfmueller

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:210

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Levamisole belongs to the antihelminthic class of drugs that are sometimes administered to patients with frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, owing to its steroid-sparing effects. Neut...

    Authors: Bilal Aoun, Mohammad Alali, Jad A. Degheili, Sami Sanjad, Claudine Vaquin, Jean Donadieu, Tim Ulinski and Salah Termos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:209

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Urea cycle disorders are secondary to defects in the system converting ammonia into urea, causing accumulation of ammonia and other byproducts which are neurotoxic. Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is the...

    Authors: Furene Sijia Wang, Denise Li Meng Goh and Hian Tat Ong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:208

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  14. Content type: Case report

    It is believed that ketamine does not affect motor-evoked potential amplitude, whereas various anesthetic drugs attenuate the amplitude of transcranial motor-evoked potential. However, we encountered a patient...

    Authors: Kenta Furutani, Mari Matsuhashi, Hiroyuki Deguchi, Yusuke Mitsuma, Nobuko Ohashi and Hiroshi Baba

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:204

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Severe hyponatremia is rare when carbamazepine is used as monotherapy. It is common to encounter this imbalance in the hospital setting, but rare in the ambulatory one. Here, we present a case of hyponatremia ...

    Authors: Pedro José Palacios Argueta, Guillermo Francisco Sánchez Rosenberg and Alvaro Pineda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:202

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Adult onset Still’s disease is a systemic auto-inflammatory condition of unknown etiology characterized by intermittent spiking high fever, an evanescent salmon-pink or erythematous maculopapular skin rash, ar...

    Authors: Daisuke Usuda, Yoshiki Furumura, Kento Takeshima, Ryusho Sangen, Yasuhiro Kawai, Yuji Kasamaki, Yoshitsugu Iinuma and Tsugiyasu Kanda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:198

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Medullary sponge kidney is a rare renal malformation, which usually manifests as nephrocalcinosis, renal tubular acidosis, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Medullary sponge kidney is often associated wi...

    Authors: Muhammad Usman Janjua, Xiao-dan Long, Zhao-hui Mo, Chang-sheng Dong and Ping Jin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:197

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Glomus tumors are rare, benign, vascular neoplasms arising from the glomus body. Although they can develop in any part of the body, they commonly do so in the upper extremities, most frequently subungual areas...

    Authors: Ghita Senhaji, Salim Gallouj, Ouiame El Jouari, Amina Lamouaffaq, Mouna Rimani and Fatima Zahra Mernissi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:196

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  19. Content type: Case report

    We report two cases of innocuous dentoalveolar infections which rapidly progressed to deep neck abscesses complicated by descending mediastinitis in a resource-constrained rural mission hospital in the Cameroon.

    Authors: Bamidele Johnson Alegbeleye

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:195

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  20. Content type: Case report

    The term holoprosencephaly was proposed by DeMyer and Zeman. It is a developmental defect of the embryonic forebrain with heterogeneous etiology including genetic and environmental factors. It is commonly asso...

    Authors: Ahmed Amdihun Essa, Lakachew Asrade Feleke and Dawed Muhammed Ahmed

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:207

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Venous thromboembolism, specifically pulmonary embolism, is a rare complication following elective pediatric orthopedic surgery. Bilateral pulmonary embolism with associated pulmonary hemorrhage/infarct withou...

    Authors: Jonathan Bourget-Murray, Mathew A. Clarke, Sydney Gorzitza and Lisa A. Phillips

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:194

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Catatonia is a behavioral syndrome which presents with an inability to move normally. It is associated with mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as with medical and neurological conditions. It is an expre...

    Authors: Elisabeth Doran and John D. Sheehan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:206

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Septic arthritis is an infectious disease that commonly affects weight-bearing or proximal joints such as the knee and the hip. The sternoclavicular joint is an unusual site of this entity. It usually occurs i...

    Authors: Karim Masmoudi, Emna Elleuch, Rim Akrout, Afef Feki, Mariam Ezzeddine, Hela Fourati, Dorra Lahiani, Mounir Ben Jemaâ and Sofiène Baklouti

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:205

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Waardenburg syndrome is a group of rare genetic conditions. It is determined by the absence of melanocytes from the eyes, hair, and skin. There are four types of Waardenburg syndrome with specific criteria to ...

    Authors: Luma Haj Kassem, Mohamed Fares Ahmado and Majd Sheikh Alganameh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:192

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In the current treatment of idiopathic ovarian torsion, the use of oophorectomy has declined in favor of preserving the ovary. This approach brings with it the question of how to reduce the possibility of reto...

    Authors: Feride Mehmetoğlu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:200

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Diabetes and myelodysplastic syndrome are two conditions that may coexist in a single patient, since both diseases are prevalent in the elderly. The pathophysiology of myelodysplastic syndrome involves recurre...

    Authors: Antoine Ponard, Nicole Ferreira-Maldent, Marjan Ertault, Martine Delain, Kamel Amraoui, Sandra Regina, Annie-Pierre Jonville-Béra, Olivier Hérault, Philippe Colombat and Emmanuel Gyan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:199

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Malaria remains a major public health problem in most tropical countries. It occasionally presents with both typical and atypical signs and symptoms. Gastrointestinal manifestations are common in malaria endem...

    Authors: Tim Divine Bonghaseh, Domin Sone M. Ekaney, Michael Budzi, Gerald Ekwen and Steve Kyota

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:190

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous life-threatening hemopneumothorax is an atypical but treatable entity of unexpected circulatory collapse in young patients, affecting 0.5–11.6% of patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Sp...

    Authors: Youwen Chen and Zhijian Guo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:188

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Agenesis of the dorsal pancreas is very rare. Less than 70 cases have been reported to date. Some of these cases had an association with a tumor. The literature of agenesis of the dorsal pancreas and agenesis ...

    Authors: A. Erotokritou, C. D. Gerharz and A. Sagir

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:185

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Leg pain in athletes is a common condition and is often related to tibial stress fracture. When non-operative treatment fails, the optimal surgical treatment is controversial. The aim of this study was to repo...

    Authors: George A. Tsakotos, Anastasios V. Tokis and Christos G. Paganias

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:183

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  31. Content type: Case report

    X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a genetic disorder with diverse clinical phenotypes. Of these phenotypes, the cerebral form usually manifests during early childhood with rapid cognitive and neurological deter...

    Authors: Yanming Chen, Farhana Polara and Anjana Pillai

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:182

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Radiosurgical treatments of brain tumors, vascular malformations, and functional disorders are more and more frequently used. Gamma Knife irradiation with the Icon system necessitates the use of a thermoplasti...

    Authors: Nicolas Massager, Cécile Renier and Daniel Devriendt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:181

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Fournier’s gangrene is an acute surgical emergency characterized by high mortality rates ranging from approximately 13% to 45%. Therefore, aggressive multidisciplinary management is necessary.

    Authors: Youwen Chen, Xueke Wang, Guoren Lin and Rukai Xiao

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:193

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Reducing intrathoracic pressure in the setting of compromised cerebral perfusion due to acute brain injury has been associated with reduced intracranial pressure and enhanced cerebral perfusion pressure and bl...

    Authors: Anja K. Metzger, Nicolas Segal, Dai Wai Olson, Stephen A. Figueroa, Farid G. Sadaka, Catherine A. Krause, James R. Homuth, Nathaniel T. Burkhart, Robert T. Neumann, Keith G. Lurie and Victor A. Convertino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:178

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare pigmented tumor arising from leptomeningeal melanocytes. Patients with this tumor might initially consult a dentist because a mass lesion in Meckel’s cave could manifest as den...

    Authors: Shoko Gamoh, Takaya Tsuno, Hironori Akiyama, Shinya Kotaki, Tamaki Nakanishi, Kaname Tsuji, Hiroaki Yoshida and Kimishige Shimizutani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:177

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the commonest histological subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and typically presents as a rapidly enlarging lymph node mass and B symptoms. It is unusual for diffuse large B cell ...

    Authors: Kavinga Kalhari Kobawaka Gamage, Mohomed Ismail Mohomed Rifath and Harshini Fernando

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:189

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Sacral fractures with spinopelvic dissociation are rare, and hard to diagnose and treat. Fractures with a H- or U-shaped line are severely unstable, due to a dissociation of the spine and of the upper body of ...

    Authors: Daniela Nonne, A. Capone, F. Sanna, L. Busnelli, A. L. Russo, G. Marongiu, G. Dessì and A. Ferreli

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:186

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  38. Content type: Research article

    We present a minimal skin wound abdominal myomectomy performed in our hospital and attempt to identify the optimal range of this technique by considering the characteristics of target leiomyomas. In this proce...

    Authors: Ryo Sugiyama, Wataru Isono, Wada-Hiraike Osamu and Masanori Maruyama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:184

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Brown tumors represent a rare clinical manifestation reported in approximately 3% of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and correspond to radiologically osteolytic lesions with well-defined borders in d...

    Authors: A. Panagopoulos, I. Tatani, H. P. Kourea, Z. T. Kokkalis, K. Panagopoulos and P. Megas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:176

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Giant congenital melanocytic nevus is a very rare condition characterized by a large skin lesion and an increased risk of complications like neurocutaneous melanosis and malignant transformation. Reports of gi...

    Authors: Francky Teddy Endomba, Charlie Romain Mbega, Joel Noutakdie Tochie and Saint-Just N. Petnga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:175

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Amyloid infiltration of endocrine glands has been reported, mostly in the thyroid, pancreas, adrenals, and testes, but affected patients do not frequently exhibit overt endocrine insufficiency. Here we report ...

    Authors: Natacha Verbeke, Nathalie Pirson, Arnaud Devresse, Raluca Furnica, Thierry Duprez and Dominique Maiter

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:174

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Anticoagulation is the mainstay of treatment for pulmonary embolism. However, if bleeding unfortunately occurs, the risks and benefits of anticoagulation present a challenge. Management of one hemorrhagic comp...

    Authors: Girard Cua, Neal Holland and Ashleigh Wright

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:180

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Although a simple bone cyst carries the risk of pathological fractures, it rarely causes severe deformity. Here we report a case of severe femoral deformity after multiple pathological fractures due to simple ...

    Authors: Toru Nishiwaki, Shinichi Uchikawa, Hiroshi Kusakabe, Atsuhito Seki, Yoshitaka Eguchi, Shinichiro Takayama, Akihito Oya, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto and Arihiko Kanaji

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:173

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Splenogonadal fusion is a rare and benign condition. Diagnosis is challenging for clinicians. Despite its indolence, diagnosis is often confirmed after orchidectomy. Surgery is mandatory, particularly to rule ...

    Authors: O. Karray, A. Oueslati, M. Chakroun, H. Ayed, A. Bouzouita, M. Cherif, M. R. Ben Slama, A. Derouiche and M. Chebil

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:172

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Recently, immune checkpoint inhibitors have widely been used for the management of advanced melanoma. However, high-grade immune-related adverse events can occur, particularly with combination immunotherapy. W...

    Authors: Kazuko Yonezaki, Toshihiro Kobayashi, Hitomi Imachi, Takuo Yoshimoto, Fumi Kikuchi, Kensaku Fukunaga, Seisuke Sato, Tomohiro Ibata, Nao Yamaji, Jingya Lyu, Tao Dong and Koji Murao

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2018 12:171

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