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  1. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder. Thiazides, antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, and antiepileptic drugs are well-known causes of hyponatremia. Proton pump inhibitor use is a rare cause o...

    Authors: Isabel J. B. van der Zalm, Tom J. M. Tobé and Susan J. J. Logtenberg

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:83

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Extra-gastric (particularly colonic) lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue in the immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipient is rare. We report a case of low-volume mucosa-associated lymphoid ti...

    Authors: Kylie Martin, Andrew Taylor, Constantine Tam, Prue Hill, David Machet and David Goodman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:81

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Angiosarcoma is an endothelial malignant tumor; angiosarcoma located in the breast is extremely rare, less than 0.01%. We report a case of a giant angiosarcoma diagnosed postmortem in a 16-year-old girl in a r...

    Authors: Tchin Darré, Luc Valère Codjo Brun, Falilath Seidou, Toukilnan Djiwa, Marie Claire Ballé and Gado Napo-Koura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:80

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Sporotrichosis is a rare fungal infection in transplant patients; among these patients, it occurs mostly in renal transplant patients. Sporothrix schenkii is the primary pathogen responsible. A high index of susp...

    Authors: Mazhar Hussein Amirali, Jacques Liebenberg, Sheylyn Pillay and Johan Nel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:79

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Displaced radial neck fractures in children are challenging to treat. The age of the patient and the degree of angulation are the main criteria to consider when managing these fractures in children. Various su...

    Authors: Alessandra Colozza, Sara Padovani, Gaetano Caruso, Michele Cavaciocchi and Leo Massari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:78

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Lung atelectasis are nonventilated parts of lung tissue and occur as a result of the collapse of the pulmonary parenchyma (alveoli). Various therapeutic procedures for inflating the collapsed pulmonary parench...

    Authors: Alen Protić, Matej Bura and Kazimir Juričić

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:77

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection has become a pandemic disease (coronavirus disease 2019). The infection has moved from China to the rest of the world and Italy represents one of the m...

    Authors: Francesco Spannella, Letizia Ristori, Federico Giulietti, Serena Re, Paola Schiavi, Piero Giordano and Riccardo Sarzani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:82

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Burkholderia cepacia complex is a ubiquitous organism with a high virulence potential. It is found most commonly in moist environments. Hospital outbreaks have been reported from diverse sources such as contamina...

    Authors: Tanisha Bharara, Anita Chakravarti, Mukesh Sharma and Priti Agarwal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:76

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Immunoglobulin M multiple myeloma and Waldenström macroglobulinemia are two different hematological diseases with the common finding of an immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance. Howeve...

    Authors: Simona Elba, Alessia Castellino, Roberto Soriasio, Claudia Castellino, Margherita Bonferroni, Daniele Mattei, Giuliana Strola, Daniela Drandi, Nicola Mordini, Miriam Foglietta, Davide Rapezzi, Ivana Celeghini, Mariella Grasso, Fabrizio Giordano, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni and Massimo Massaia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:75

    Content type: Case report

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  10. This report highlights the first published case of fatal septic shock associated with Clostridium perfringens and Enterococcus avium bacteremia due to infective gastroenteritis.

    Authors: Joseph De Zylva, James Padley, Rassam Badbess and Maneesha Dedigama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:74

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Droxidopa is an oral treatment for the stepwise treatment of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension from autonomic dysfunction. It has been shown to be useful predominantly with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension ...

    Authors: Annie H. Ho, Christopher W. Kinter, John Wight, Anudeep R. Neelam and David Krakow

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:73

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Sacrococcygeal teratoma is one of the most frequently prenatally diagnosed neoplasias. Obstetric ultrasound has a role in the diagnosis and management of these tumors during pregnancy. In this report, we descr...

    Authors: Anna Moreno Baró, Silvia Pina Perez, Montserrat Mestre Costa, Cristina Lesmes Heredia, Laura Serra Azuara, Judith Lleberia Juanos and Marc Zamora Lapiedra

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:72

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Hantavirus infection is an emerging zoonotic infection which has two characteristic patterns of presentation: hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. The clinical presentation ...

    Authors: Chamara Dalugama, Madushi Nanayakkara, Nimanthi Rathnayaka and Arjuna Medagama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:71

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Ocular allergy is a common disease, especially in the pediatric population, with unpleasant and long-term consequences, including corneal complications and decreased visual acuity. This study reports two cases...

    Authors: Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Silvia Letícia Teixeira Lazzari, Isadora Proner Martins and Elcio Luiz Bonamigo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:70

    Content type: Case report

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  15. The mortality rate is very high for patients with severe multiple trauma with massive pulmonary contusion containing intrapulmonary hemorrhage. Multiple treatment modalities are needed not only for a preventio...

    Authors: Futoshi Nagashima, Satoshi Inoue and Miho Ohta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:69

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. However, in the management of breast cancer, paraneoplastic neurological syndromes represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The diagnosis of paraneopl...

    Authors: Giuseppe Sena, Gaetano Gallo, Giuseppina Vescio, Denise Gambardella, Stefano de Franciscis and Mariuccia Renne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:67

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by Echinococcus granulosus. This case report shows the difficulty in differential diagnosis in a patient with highly suspected hydatid disease.

    Authors: Albrecht Boehlig, Valentin Blank, Thomas Karlas, Henning Trawinski, Hans-Michael Hau, Andri Arnosson Lederer and Thomas Berg

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:65

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Pulmonary nodules are a common cause for concern in patients with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Most commonly, they are the result of an infection, given the patients’ im...

    Authors: Jessica N. Mezzanotte, I-Sanna Gibbons-Fideler, Konstantin Shilo, Mark Lustberg and Srinivas Devarakonda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:64

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Balantidium coli, a parasitic unicellular ciliate, often causes asymptomatic balantidiasis of the colon, but extraintestinal disease may occur rarely in immunosuppressed individuals. Renal balantidiasis associate...

    Authors: Pongsakorn Martviset, Kridsada Sirisabhabhorn, Supaporn Pumpa, Pochong Rhongbutsri, Aree Taylor and Walter R. J. Taylor

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:63

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Combination therapy of interferon and ribavirin has traditionally been used to eradicate hepatitis C virus. The sustained virologic response achieved with interferon-related therapy is persistent, and late rel...

    Authors: Ken Kurokawa, Takamasa Ohki, Jun Kato, Yukiyo Fukumura, Makoto Imai, Chikako Shibata, Junya Arai, Mayuko Kondo, Kaoru Takagi, Kentaro Kojima, Michiharu Seki, Masaya Mori, Nobuo Toda and Kazumi Tagawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:62

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Although gastrointestinal involvement is the most common site for extra-genital endometriosis, deep infiltrative endometriosis, which affects the mucosal layer, is very rare.

    Authors: Joshua J. Keith, Lorenzo O. Hernandez, Livia Y. Maruoka Nishi, Tarang P. Jethwa, Jason T. Lewis and George G. A. Pujalte

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:61

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The palmaris longus muscle is considered one of the most anatomically variable muscles in the human body. Localized swelling of the forearm due to hypertrophy of the palmaris longus muscle is rare.

    Authors: Majdi Hashem, Raheef Alatassi, Kaushal Narinder and Fawaz Emran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:60

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The coexistence of two morphologically different tumors attached to each other creates a very rare type of tumor called a collision tumor. Collision tumors containing pituitary adenoma–sellar meningioma have o...

    Authors: Emre Gezer, Zeynep Cantürk, Alev Selek, Berrin Çetinarslan, İlhan Tarkun, Mehmet Sözen, Umay Kiraz, Yeşim Saliha Gürbüz, Savaş Ceylan and Burak Çabuk

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:59

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Long-term infertility can be attributed to many factors, with the genetic factor being the most overlooked due to its many nonspecific morphological or endocrine signs. We present a rare case of a patient with...

    Authors: Mohammad Marwan Alhalabi and Marwan Alhalabi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:58

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Given the absence of consensus diagnostic criteria for giant cell arteritis, clinicians may encounter difficulty with identification of new-onset headache in patients older than age 50 years presenting with vi...

    Authors: Matthew J. Samec, Andres G. Madrigal, Charlotte H. Rydberg and Matthew J. Koster

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:57

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is characterized by multiple café au lait spots and cutaneous and plexiform neurofibromas, and is one of the most common autosomal dominant hereditary disorders caused by mutations of ...

    Authors: Takahiko Obo, Nobuyuki Koriyama, Akinori Tokito, Kazuma Ogiso and Yoshihiko Nishio

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:56

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Multiple myeloma has witnessed significant advances due to the approval of many novel agents. However, in spite of all these new developments, multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease with inevitable rela...

    Authors: Khadega A. Abuelgasim, Noha Alherz, Ayman Alhejazi and Moussab Damlaj

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:54

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a critical complication of advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma, despite the rarity of the occurrence of disseminated intravascular coagulation in such tumors. The...

    Authors: Huy Le Trinh, Vuong Thi Nguyen, Ngan Kim Mai, Bach Trung Tran and Quynh Nga Pham

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:52

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Osteosarcoma is a common malignancy of bone that usually occurs in individuals in the age range of 0–24 years. Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare tumor presentation which originates in non-bony tissues. Extr...

    Authors: Ramin Saadaat, Jamshid Abdul-Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din and Ahmed Maseh Haidary

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:51

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Melioidosis is a potentially fatal bacterial infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. The existence of melioidosis in Sri Lanka was once unheard of, and entertaining it as a diagnosis in clinical practice w...

    Authors: Manoji M. K. Pathirage, Senanayake A. M. Kularatne and Kosala G. Weerakoon

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:50

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The increasing incidence of allergies and allergic reactions among children and adults has become a major public health concern. The etiology of allergic reactions can often be confirmed based on a detailed hi...

    Authors: Sarah Green, Allison Hicks, Chelsea Hilsendager, Maureen Bauer and Guido K. W. Frank

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:49

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne illness in the USA, Canada, and Europe. Clinical manifestations vary greatly, with localized skin findings functioning as early signs of the disease, followed by diss...

    Authors: Allison Remiker, David Haslam and Theodosia A. Kalfa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:48

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Hydralazine is a common vasodilator which has been used for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. Hydralazine can induce antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis due to its auto-imm...

    Authors: Ahmad Al-Abdouh, Abdul Muhaymin Siyal, Hanan Seid, Ammer Bekele and Pablo Garcia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:47

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Fasciotomy is a life-saving procedure to treat acute compartment syndrome, a surgical emergency. As fasciotomy dramatically improves wound pain, it should be performed as soon as possible. Moreover, delays in ...

    Authors: Ryo Esumi, Ayumu Yokochi, Motomu Shimaoka and Eiji Kawamoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:46

    Content type: Case report

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  35. During embryogenesis, bilateral thickening of ectoderm from anterior axillary folds to inguinal folds, called mammary ridges or milk lines, develops into breast tissues. Only a pair in the pectoral area is spa...

    Authors: Peeradech Thasanabanchong and Mawin Vongsaisuwon

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:45

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Metastatic neuroendocrine carcinoma often presents as carcinoma of unknown primary. Although most cases display immunohistochemical positivity for neuroendocrine markers, subsets of cases display reduced or ne...

    Authors: Carl Christofer Juhlin, Jan Zedenius and Felix Haglund

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:44

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, is one of the more common subtypes of mature T cell lymphoma, especially in the Far East Asian population. This aggressive histologic subtype of periphera...

    Authors: Yao-Chung Liu, Ting-An Lin, Hao-Yuan Wang, Po-Shen Ko, Chia-Jen Liu, Liang-Tsai Hsiao, Sheng-Hsuan Chien and Jyh-Pyng Gau

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:43

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Neuroendocrine carcinomas mainly affect the bronchopulmonary and the gastrointestinal systems. Breast localizations are very rare. They represent less than 0.1% of all breast cancers. A definitive diagnosis re...

    Authors: Loubna Hejjane, Karima Oualla, Zineb Bouchbika, Mouna Bourhafour, Anas Lhlou Mimi, Efared Boubacar, Abdellatif Benider, Zineb Benbrahim, Samia Aarifi and Nawef Mellas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:41

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Vaginal cuff dehiscence is a rare but potentially grave complication after total hysterectomy. Abdominal or pelvic contents are at risk of evisceration through the vaginal opening. It is associated with signif...

    Authors: Ajay Agrawal, Kuan-Gen Huang and Marie Christine Valerie Mendoza

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:40

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Synchronous renal cell carcinoma metastasizing to the pancreas and subcutaneous tissue is very rare. Unusual metastatic sites require attention during follow-up of renal cell carcinoma. It is extremely rare fo...

    Authors: Wenjie Chin, Linping Cao, Xi Liu, Yufu Ye, Yuanxing Liu, Jun Yu and Shusen Zheng

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:36

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Follicular lymphoma is an indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is most commonly diagnosed in elderly individuals. The majority of patients with follicular lymphoma present with advanced disease. Despite the rece...

    Authors: Salma Machan, Carlos Plaza, Yosmar Pérez-González, Maria Rodriguez-Pinilla, Luis Requena and Raul Cordoba

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:35

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Lipodystrophies are a group of diseases which are characterized by abnormal adipose tissue deposition and are frequently associated with metabolic changes. Congenital generalized lipodystrophy is an autosomal ...

    Authors: Vanessa Guerreiro, Irene Bernardes, Josué Pereira, Roberto Pestana Silva, Susana Fernandes, Davide Carvalho and Paula Freitas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:34

    Content type: Case report

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