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  1. Ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery disease is a prevalent form of ischemic heart disease. The majority of ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery disease cases are attributed to underlying fac...

    Authors: Bihan Huang, Xueying Han, Peiyi Xie and Shaoyuan Chen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:153
  2. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is the most commonly used modality for the removal of kidney stones larger than 2 cm in size. Like other stone removal methods, percutaneous nephrolithotomy also has some complicat...

    Authors: Alireza Pakdel, Fardin Asgari, Razman Arabzadeh Bahri and Seyed Mohammad Kazem Aghamir
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:101
  3. Myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumor and typically originate in the left atrium. Atrial myxomas may present following complications of obstruction and emboli. If an atrial myxoma goes untreated, c...

    Authors: Ian Lancaster, Tara Hrobowski-Blackman, Deep Patel, Lubna Chatoor, Joshini Simon and Andrew Willinger
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:151
  4. Alveococcosis, helminthiasis caused by the larvae of Alveococcus multilocularis, is characterized by the formation of parasitic nodes in the liver. This clinical case is a rare occurrence of liver alveococcosis i...

    Authors: Saodatkhon Magzumova, Umidjon Isroilov, Nigora Djuraeva, Zarina Khaybullina, Aybek Amirkhamzaev, Nargiza Vakhidova, Khanum Abdukhalimova, Alisher Sultanov and Bekhzod Abdullaev
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:100
  5. Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare presentation often associated with abdominal trauma and anticoagulant therapy. Here, we present a patient with severe rectus sheath hematoma accompanied by nephrotic syndrome w...

    Authors: Ai Fujii, Yuto Matsuda, Tomohisa Yabe, Hayashi Norifumi, Keiji Fujimoto, Masahide Yamazaki, Hitoshi Yokoyama and Kengo Furuichi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:148
  6. Familial calcific band-shaped keratopathy (BSK) is a very rare disease, with no underlying cause. There is no underlying disease in this form of the disease. This article introduces a family with seven childre...

    Authors: Parisa Abdi, Hassan Asadigandomani, Arman Amirkhani, Sara Taghizadeh and Zohreh Nozarian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:98
  7. The transition from revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA) to arthrodesis involves the replacement of cemented femoral and tibial stems with a modular nail designed for arthrodesis. This conversion process is...

    Authors: Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Domenico Alesi, Vito Gaetano Rinaldi, Tosca Cerasoli, Davide Valente and Stefano Zaffagnini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:147
  8. Spinal cord tumors present a challenge in diagnosis and treatment due to their varied histopathological characteristics. While Ewing sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor typically originating from skeletal bone, ...

    Authors: HusamEddin Salama, Lila H. Abu-Hilal, Mayar Idkedek, Abdalwahab Kharousha, Mohand Abulihya and Hafez Nimer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:144
  9. Scapular anatomical neck fractures are among the most infrequent shoulder girdle fractures. Only seven radiologically confirmed cases of scapular anatomical neck fractures have been documented in the literatur...

    Authors: Farzad Amouzadeh Omrani, Mohammad Khak, Reza Tavakoli Darestani, Sina Afzal, Mojtaba Baroutkoub, Mahdi Aghaalikhani and Hasan Barati
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:94
  10. Complex regional pain syndrome type I is a pathological condition characterized by an exaggerated response of tissues to low or moderate pain stimuli. The exact pathogenesis and optimal medical treatment for c...

    Authors: F. Di Sacco, D. Antognetti, G. Ciapini, M. Nicastro, M. Scaglione and V. Bottai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:142
  11. Intermuscular hydatid cyst is one of the rarest types of hydatid cyst, and as far as we know, only nine cases were reported in the literature before this study.

    Authors: Reza Tavakoli Darestani, Gholamhossein Kazemian, Sina Afzal, Mojtaba Baroutkoub, Mahdi Aghaalikhani and Farzad Amouzadeh Omrani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:141
  12. Orbital ischemic syndrome is a rare entity. The clinical signs typically demonstrate acute loss of visual acuity, chemosis, proptosis, ptosis, and total ophthalmoparesis. We report a case of a man who suffered...

    Authors: Binh Q. Tran, Lanh C. Nguyen, Tinh T. Trinh, An T. T. Vo, Minh V. Do, Minh Q. Tran, Khanh C. Tran, Loan H. T. Tran and Duc T. Ha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:92
  13. Every year 2% of pregnant women undergo nonobstetric surgical interventions worldwide. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Obstetric Practice, pregnant women shoul...

    Authors: Camilla Munafo’, Antonella Loperfido, Fulvio Mammarella, Arianna Crosti, Federico Iannilli, Francesca Romana Millarelli, Gianluca Bellocchi and Luigi Tritapepe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:143
  14. Gastrosplenic fistula is a rare and potentially fatal complication of various conditions. Lymphoma is the most common cause. It can occur spontaneously or after chemotherapy. Gastrosplenic fistula diagnosis ca...

    Authors: Feryel Letaief Ksontini, Yosra Zaimi, Isaad Nefzi, Salim Khrouf, Myriam Ayari, Sonia Sghaier, Asma Zidi, Houcine Magherbi and Mouna Ayadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:136
  15. In patients with conjoined nerve roots, hemilaminectomy with sufficient exposure of the intervertebral foramen or lateral recess is required to prevent destabilization and ensure correct mobility of the lumbos...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Hiroyuki Inatani, Kazu Toyooka, Akari Mori, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Yasuji Ryu, Aki Nakanami, Tetsutaro Yahata and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:91
  16. Klippel–Feil syndrome is a rare congenital bone disorder characterized by an abnormal fusion of two or more cervical spine vertebrae. Individuals with Klippel–Feil syndrome exhibit diverse clinical manifestati...

    Authors: Zeeshan Ullah, Ayesha Zafar, Hira Ishaq, Zainab Umar, Amir Khan, Yaseen Badar, Nizamud Din, Muhammad Fawad Khan, Pamela McCombe and Nemat Khan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:137
  17. Fecal impaction is a digestive system disease, that is most common in the elderly population and becomes more prevalent with increasing age. Manual removal can successfully remove the impaction in 80% of fecal...

    Authors: Qin Huang, Fan Zheng, Hongxia Wang, Yong Yang, Chun Ma and Likun Zhu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:89
  18. Despite the efficacy and safety of DIGIFab, it is relatively expensive and has limited availability. In addition, alternative interventions, such as therapeutic plasma exchange, may need to be considered in ma...

    Authors: Reema M. Alhussein, Nawaf A. Alamri, Hussain M. Alhashem, Mohammed I. Alarifi and Bader Alyahya
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:135
  19. Peutz–Jeghers syndrome is a rare hereditary condition characterized by gastrointestinal polyps and pigmented oral lesions. The case contributes to a deeper understanding of Peutz–Jeghers syndrome and underscor...

    Authors: Zaryab Ali Shah, Muhammad Zeb, Muhammad Ilyas, Hasnain Hamid, Komal Fatima, Maria Batool and Muhammad Abbas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:86
  20. Intestinal adenocarcinoma accounts for less than 0.1–4% of all malignancies in the region. It is common among woodworkers and leather workers. Sinonasal adenocarcinoma usually arises from the ethmoid sinus (40...

    Authors: Endris Hussen Ali and Mulualem Wendafrash Mengesha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:85
  21. Anesthesiologists prefer ketamine for certain surgeries due to its effectiveness as a non-competitive inhibitor of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the brain. Recently, this agent has also shown promise as...

    Authors: Alireza Teymouri, Hadis Nasoori, Maryamsadat Fakheri and Aref Nasiri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:84
  22. Inguinal endometriosis is one of the most common forms of endometriosis. The present study introduces 8 cases of inguinal endometriosis and discusses probable theories of inguinal endometriosis by reviewing th...

    Authors: Ameneh Haghgoo, Ali Faegh, Seyyed Reza Saadat Mostafavi, Hamid Reza Zamani and Mehran Ghahremani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:83
  23. This study reports the first cases of scleritis following intravitreal brolucizumab (IVBr) injection for nAMD, emphasizing the need to be aware of the possibility of scleritis following IVBr injections.

    Authors: Takuya Takayama, Satoru Inoda, Hidenori Takahashi, Rika Tsukii, Hana Yoshida, Yuka Kasuya, Kosuke Nagaoka, Ryota Takahashi, Yusuke Arai and Hidetoshi Kawashima
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:80
  24. In this case series, a perioperative anticoagulation protocol for microvascular head and neck surgery in patients with thrombophilia is presented. Microvascular free-flap surgery is a standard procedure in hea...

    Authors: Julian Faber, Frank Schuster, Stefan Hartmann, Roman C. Brands, Andreas Fuchs, Anton Straub, Markus Fischer, Urs Müller-Richter and Christian Linz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:119
  25. IgG4-related disease (IgG4RD) is a rare fibroinflammatory disease with multiorgan involvement. It presents insidiously over several years and can be a diagnostic enigma. Delays in diagnosis occur due to failur...

    Authors: M. N. Vidanapathirana and D. Wijayaratne
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:115
  26. Lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) concurrent with pulmonary embolism (PE) is perilous, particularly in the elderly, exhibiting heterogeneity with thrombophilia mutations. Tailored treatment is essential, y...

    Authors: Liu Qiang, Li Hong, Shen Min, Wang Hongping, Chen Xian and Li Tianlang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:77
  27. Testicular tumors have many different manifestations. The majority of these cases are presented as an incidental finding during hydrocelectomy. Malignant mesotheliomas are uncommon tumours that can arise from...

    Authors: Tanya Nazar, Anupama Gopalakrishnabhaktan, Fatema Ali Asgar Tashrifwala, Aroma Sathish and Tirth Dave
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:114
  28. Hydroxychloroquine and azathioprine have been routinely used to control and treat primary and secondary Sjögren’s syndrome, which potentially triggered some overdoses by these drugs. Toxicity from hydroxychlor...

    Authors: Alireza Kooshki, Omid Mehrpour and Samaneh Nakhaee
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:76
  29. Calcific tendinosis is a common condition caused by the deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals within the tendons that can impact any tendinous insertion. In this situation, ultrasound (US) may be a viable imag...

    Authors: Masih Rikhtehgar, Yasaman Sharifi, Farid Najd Mazaher and Neda Azarpey
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:75
  30. In patient assessment for recurrence of neoplasia, a biomarker that shows an elevated serum value before the first treatment is a candidate for follow-up examination. The biomarker squamous cell carcinoma anti...

    Authors: Ken-ichi Honda, Masato Miyama, Yuko Nishii, Reiko Tasaka, Yusuke Nakano, Naohiko Umesaki, Takeshi Fukuda, Tomoyuki Ichimura, Tomoyo Yasui and Toshiyuki Sumi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:112
  31. Most cases of traumatic injury during pregnancy involve blunt trauma, with penetrating trauma being uncommonly rare. In glass shard injuries, fragments often penetrate deeply, and multiple injuries may occur s...

    Authors: Kenta Inoue, Shinichiro Yabe, Soichiro Kashiwabara, Yukiko Itaya, Sumiko Era, Akihiko Kikuchi and Yasushi Takai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:74
  32. Primary Thyroid Lymphoma (PTL) is defined as lymphoma involving the thyroid gland alone or the thyroid gland and adjacent neck lymph nodes without contiguous spread or distant metastases at the time of diagnos...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Ines Zemni, Mohamed Ali Ayadi, Salma Kamoun, Riadh Chargui and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:108
  33. Methylmalonic acidemia is a very rare genetic metabolic disease. Patients with isolated methylmalonic acidemia typically present with acute alterations of consciousness, failure to thrive, anorexia, vomiting, ...

    Authors: Zahra Hakimzadeh, Abolfazl Gilani, Parsa Yousefichaijan and Roham Sarmadian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:73
  34. Current classification of chronic urticaria is primarily based on clinical presentation of skin manifestations. Hence, therapeutic treatment is primarily aimed locally for immediate symptom relief. We reason t...

    Authors: Doanh Nguyen and Philip Deitiker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:113
  35. Ileo-ileal knotting is a very rare cause of small bowel obstruction, and only a few reports have been published. Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is one of the most common emergency surgical conditions that requi...

    Authors: Yohannis Derbew Molla, Melese Birara Mequanint, Solomon Hailesilassie Bisrat, Gebrehiwot Aderaw Workneh and Hirut Tesfahun Alemu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:72
  36. While noninvasive imaging is typically used during the initial assessment of carotid artery disease, digital subtraction angiography remains the gold standard for evaluating carotid stent thrombosis and stenos...

    Authors: Zaki Masoud, Juan Felipe Daza-Ovalle and Charles Esenwa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:109
  37. The cardiovascular system is among the least systems affected by immune-related adverse events. We report a rare life-threatening case of pembrolizumab-induced myocarditis with complete atrioventricular block ...

    Authors: R. Saad, A. Ghaddar and R. M. Zeenny
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:107
  38. Sex cord gonadal stromal tumors compose less than 10% of all testicular neoplasms and consist of a variety of histological subtypes. In 2016, the World Health Organization introduced a novel subtype, the myoid...

    Authors: Klaus-Peter Dieckmann, Lars Tharun, Markus Angerer, Alexander Harms and Christian Wülfing
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:71
  39. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy is a highly prevalent pathology in the diabetic population, and is the leading cause of death in this population. Orthostatic hypotension is the main clinical manifestation of the ...

    Authors: Jama Dounia, Haless Kamal, Selmaoui Marouane, Haboub Meryem, Habbal Rachida, Drighil Abdenasser and Azzouzi Leila
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:102
  40. Acute compartment syndrome of the thigh after total knee arthroplasty is a rarely described complication. After the assessment of the diagnosis, immediate surgical intervention is necessary to prevent further ...

    Authors: Marie Schuster, Tobias Kappenschneider, Matthias Meyer and Dominik Emanuel Holzapfel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:65
  41. We present two genetic causes of polyhydramnios that were challenging to diagnose due to their rarity and complexity. In view of the severe implications, we wish to highlight these rare genetic conditions when...

    Authors: C. W. C. Lim, I. E. Lustestica, W. B. Poon and W. C. Tan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:97

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