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  1. Ankyloglossia is commonly reported as one of the major causes of breastfeeding difficulty. There is a lack of research on infant growth and latching performance with clinical measures.

    Authors: Christyann Lima Campos Batista and Alex Luiz Pozzobon Pereira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:394
  2. Perchloroethylene is a colorless, strong-smelling substance commonly used for dry cleaning. Liver and kidney toxicities and carcinogenicity are well-known occupational hazards caused by chronic perchloroethyle...

    Authors: Alessandro Tarditi, Leda Montalbano, Stefano Spina, Francesco Marrazzo, Giampaolo Casella, Paolo Schenardi, Tommaso Conti, Ilaria Angeli, Mauro Minoli, Roberto Fumagalli and Thomas Langer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:388
  3. Anesthesia-associated rhabdomyolysis is a rare complication of surgery that causes postoperative myalgia, weakness, and potential renal failure if not managed promptly. Predisposing conditions that may lead to...

    Authors: John Floridis and Ruth Barbour
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:387
  4. We describe a case of symptomatic bradycardia resulting from ivabradine toxicity by measurement of ivabradine levels, of which there are limited reports in the literature.

    Authors: Kavisha Singh, Muthukumar R. Alagarraju, Carl E. Wolf, Justin L. Poklis, Nitin Kulkarni, William Tharpe and Parag H. Joshi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:392
  5. Up to 50% of cases of Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli hemolytic uremic syndrome occur in adults, and the clinical presentation is variable. Microbiological analyses must be performed in all patients with t...

    Authors: Elia Rigamonti, Tecla Bonora, Mariangela Ventresca and Pietro Cippà
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:384
  6. Molecular-targeted agents used as a treatment for cancer can cause some rare and serious adverse events such as, delayed wound healing. Depending on the anticancer drug used, temporary withdrawal may be recomm...

    Authors: Mioko Matsuo, Kazuki Hashimoto, Rina Jiromaru and Takashi Nakagawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:383
  7. Lightning strike is a rare but dramatic cause of injury. Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) with lightning strike frequently have a high mortality and significant long-term morbidity related to a...

    Authors: Erik Roman-Pognuz, Edoardo Moro, Elisabetta Macchini, Edoardo Di Paolo, Kenneth Pesenti, Umberto Lucangelo, Rossana Bussani, Elisa Baratella, Tommaso Pellis and Giuseppe Ristagno
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:391
  8. There is currently no information on the anatomical risk factors for splenic artery aneurysm rupture, specifically the location or size of the lesion; therefore, reporting this entity to obtain data and ultima...

    Authors: Ahmad Hosseinzadeh, Reza Shahriarirad, Vahid Asgharzadeh Majdazar, Mohammad Moeini Farsani and Seyed Mohammad Kazem Tadayon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:382
  9. Psychotic symptoms associated with hypothyroidism, also known as “myxedema psychosis,” are a treatable cause of psychosis often associated with complete recovery. While most cases receive both thyroxine and a ...

    Authors: Eric C. Chan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:378
  10. 5p deletion syndrome is known as cri-du-chat syndrome, but there are no reports on congenital diaphragmatic hernia complications associated with it.

    Authors: Tomomi Kotani, Takafumi Ushida, Noriyuki Nakamura, Kenji Imai, Yukako Iitani, Sho Tano, Shigenori Iwagaki, Yuichiro Takahashi, Miharu Ito, Masahiro Hayakawa and Hiroaki Kajiyama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:390
  11. Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common arrhythmias. The main thrombotic complication of arterial fibrillation is ischemic stroke, but it can also cause acute renal infarction from embolization. The low ...

    Authors: Tao Ge, ZhengCai Zhu, Jinfeng Wang, Wenjiao Zhou, Evelyn J. Song and Shengxing Tang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:381
  12. Cavernous venous malformation is an uncommon entity that occurs in around 0.5% of the general population. Cerebellar cavernous venous malformation accounts for 1.2–11.8% of intracranial cavernous venous malfor...

    Authors: A. H. Ibrahim, N. Mohamad, T. A. Mohd Yusof Rasid and M. S. Abdullah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:380
  13. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive, debilitating condition characterized by increased resistance in the pulmonary arterial circulation. Current treatments for pulmonary arterial hypertension incl...

    Authors: Mariangela Lattanzio, Marco Ferrari, Stefano Martini, Francesca Ceriani, Andrea Imporzani, Franca Marino, Roberto De Ponti and Marco Cosentino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:385
  14. An acute abdomen can have a variety of causes. A commonly missed cause of abdominal pain is direct substance abuse and its sequelae. The use of methamphetamine is rising in the United States resulting in signi...

    Authors: Surendra Sapkota, Sarah David, Sandipa Sharma, Suraj Shrestha and Abhishek Kalla
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:379
  15. Sjogren’s syndrome, an autoimmune disease of the exocrine glands, results in keratoconjunctivitis sicca, xerostomia, and dental caries. It is often overlooked, considered by clinicians to be a benign disease. ...

    Authors: Maen D. Abou Ziki, Roy Taoutel, Julian C. Hong and David N. Podell
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:374
  16. Flexor tendon sheath infection may be due to trauma, laceration, or bites, commonly directly inoculating the sheath. Kanavel cardinal signs in flexor tendon sheath infection cases consist of symmetrical swelli...

    Authors: Gregorius Batara Putra Setia Sutardi, De Is M. Rizal Chaidir and Yoyos Dias Ismiarto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:373
  17. One of the most common types of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an autosomal recessive disorder with 21-hydroxylase deficiency. The classical form, defined by cortisol insufficiency, is accompanied by prenat...

    Authors: Nada Dehneh, Rami Jarjour, Sahar Idelbi, Assad Alibrahem and Sahar Al Fahoum
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:371
  18. Collapsing glomerulopathy, characterized by marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the podocytes with eventual collapse of the glomerular tuft, is an important cause of end-stage renal disease. Among the many c...

    Authors: Matas Orentas, Nilam Patel, Roger Rodby and Sobia Hassan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:370
  19. Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode syndrome is a rare mitochondrial genetic disorder that can present with a variety of clinical manifestations, including stroke, hearing...

    Authors: Ahmad F. Alenezi, Mariam A. Almelahi, Feten Fekih-Romdhana and Haitham A. Jahrami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:361
  20. Due to indels in the β-globin gene, patients with β-thalassemia major exhibit a range of severity, with genotype β0β0 > β0β+ > β+β+, according to the production level of the β-globin chain. More than 300 mutation...

    Authors: Waseem Chauhan, Rafat Fatma, Zeeba Zaka-ur-Rab and Mohammad Afzal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:362
  21. Peyronie’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the corpora cavernosa characterized by the formation of plaque in the tunica albuginea, which results in penile deformity. Conservative medical approac...

    Authors: Gianni Paulis and Giovanni De Giorgio
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:359
  22. Epidermolysis bullosa is a rare inherited connective tissue disorder compromising cellular junctions. Blister formation is the first manifestation of epidermolysis bullosa. As cellular adhesion is affected, it...

    Authors: Soheil Dehghani, Boshra Akbarzadeh Pasha, Amirali Karimi and Azadeh Afshin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:358
  23. Oral manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including ulcers, herpetiform lesions, macules, and petechiae, among others, are becoming increasingly recognized, but there is little guidance on th...

    Authors: Saira Chaughtai, Zeeshan Chaughtai and Arif Asif
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:367
  24. We present this case to draw attention to the importance of early diagnosis in terms of life-saving, noting that greater awareness is important among healthcare professionals. Our patient developed neuroleptic...

    Authors: Chee Keong Chang, Alvin Oliver Payus, Malehah Mohd Noh, Meryl Grace Lansing, Doreen Sumpat, Sooth Jiun Andrea Lu and Boon Teong Yew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:366
  25. Outbreaks of methanol poisoning have been described in the medical literature in different regions around the world. Even though in Saudi Arabia a few outbreaks of methanol poisoning have occurred, they remain...

    Authors: Rawan Eskandrani, Khalid Almulhim, Abdulla Altamimi, Abeer Alhaj, Shahd Alnasser, Laale Alawi, Eman Aldweikh, Khalid Alaufi and Bandr Mzahim
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:357
  26. Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid is a very rare malignancy with aggressive growth and poor prognosis. There is currently no consensus for treatment modality, however, most patients with primary s...

    Authors: Meng-Lun Hsieh, Brian M. Besch, Jo Elle G. Peterson and Christina Henson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:364
  27. Pancreatic panniculitis is characterized by subcutaneous fat necrosis and is a rare presentation of an underlying pancreatic disease, appearing in approximately 2–3% of all patients with a pancreatic disease. ...

    Authors: S. M. Haenen, J. A. M. G. Tol, S. C. J. van Steen, O. R. Busch, A. Farine Sarasqueta, S. Roshani, A. Wolkerstorfer, M. M. D. van der Linden, J. W. Wilmink, H. C. Post and M. G. Besselink
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:356
  28. Immune checkpoint inhibitors avoid inhibition of T-cell responses, upregulating antitumor immune response. Moreover, a dysregulation with hyperactive immune response can be caused, some of them underdiagnosed....

    Authors: Jaime Rubio-Perez, Ángel Ricardo Rodríguez-Perez, María Díaz-Blázquez, Victor Moreno-García and Manuel Dómine-Gómez
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:365
  29. As the coronavirus disease 2019 infections are still ongoing, there is an increasing number of case reports and case series with various manifestations of life-threatening multisystem inflammatory syndrome in ...

    Authors: Alije Keka-Sylaj, Atifete Ramosaj, Arbana Baloku, Qëndresa Beqiraj and Petrit Gjaka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:352
  30. Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy is a rare multisystem autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the TYMP gene, that encodes for thymidine phosphorylase. Mitochondrial neurogastrointest...

    Authors: Zaraq Rashid Khan, Alvina Karam, Mian Ayaz ul Haq, Aleena Aman and Ahmad Sharjeel Karam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:363
  31. Lafora disease is a rare genetic disorder involving glycogen metabolism disorder. It is inherited by autosomal recessive pattern presenting as a progressive myoclonus epilepsy and neurologic deterioration begi...

    Authors: Naim Zeka, Leonore Zogaj, Abdurrahim Gerguri, Ramush Bejiqi, Ragip Ratkoceri, Arlinda Maloku, Aferdita Mustafa, Labinot Shahini and Jeton Maxharaj
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:360
  32. Hematomas that slowly increase in size for more than 1 month after the initial hemorrhage are referred to as chronic expanding hematomas. Chronic expanding hematoma can also occur after radiosurgery; however, ...

    Authors: Yojiro Ishikawa, Takaya Yamamoto, Rei Umezawa, Noriyoshi Takahashi, Kazuya Takeda, Yu Suzuki and Keiichi Jingu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:353
  33. Persistent descending mesocolon, an anomaly of fixation of the mesentery of the descending colon, can sometimes cause complications such as intestinal obstruction and intussusception. We present the first repo...

    Authors: Hirotaka Kato, Hiroyuki Kinoshita and Yoshifumi Sakata
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:349
  34. Duplication of urethra is a very rare congenital disorder. Several types of this anomaly have been reported around the world, and are also discussed in this report. However, the mechanism of this anomaly is st...

    Authors: Jalil Hosseini, Saeid Abouei and Alimohammad Mirjalili
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:355
  35. Malignant struma ovarii is a very rare type of gynecologic cancer. Although its most common histological subtype is a pure type of papillary thyroid carcinoma containing two components, papillary carcinoma and...

    Authors: Nao Terayama, Satoe Fujiwara, Shoko Ueda, Takashi Yamada and Masahide Ohmichi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:348
  36. Fusarium species are saprophytic fungi with a worldwide distribution. These fungi cause various infections among immunocompromised patients; however, they can also involve immunocompetent individuals.

    Authors: Fatemeh Mohaghegh, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Elahe Nasri, Parisa Badiee, Hamid Morovati, Hamed Fakhim, Aida Farmani, Mohsen Meidani, Maryam Ranjbar-Mobarake and Rasoul Mohammadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:346
  37. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease is characterized by swelling of various organs throughout the body and nodules/hypertrophic lesions. However, its cause remains unknown. We report a case of immunoglobulin G4-...

    Authors: Shigeyuki Aoki, Shingo Morinaga, Naoki Kawai, Haruna Tanaka, Keiko Kanematsu, Nanami Tsuchiya, Sayuri Nonomura, Akiko Ozawa, Rie Imai, Ryoko Takahashi, Tomoko Sawada, Ruriko Futamachi and Yoshiaki Yamada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:345
  38. Since the approval of the Pfizer–BioNTech (BNT162b2) mRNA vaccine for COVID-19 infection, a few adverse effects have been reported. Acute pancreatitis has been reported in a few patients. However, there is cur...

    Authors: Rajib Kumar Dey, Hemamala Ilango, Subash Bhatta, Ahmed Shaheed, Shanaz Dole, Ahmed Zooshan, Mohamed Faisham and Moosa Murad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:354
  39. Targeted therapy with anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor alectinib has become standard therapy for selected patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma. Few data are available on the renal effects of alectin...

    Authors: Marco van Londen, Elizabeth Roosma, Stefanie Vogels, John W. G. van Putten and Wilbert M. T. Janssen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:347
  40. After the introduction of antibiotics, pneumococcal pericarditis has become a rare finding. However, this severe condition with high mortality and complication rates requires rapid recognition and intervention...

    Authors: Suzan Dijkstra, Jaco H. Houtgraaf and Sanjay U. C. Sankatsing
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:344

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