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  1. Hydrocele, an abnormal fluid collection between parietal and visceral layers of the tunica vaginalis, is the commonest cause of scrotal swelling, and it affects all age groups. Calcification of hydrocele sac/w...

    Authors: Yohannis Derbew Molla, Desyibelew Chanie Mekonnen, Cheru Lilay Gebrehiwot, Amanuel Kassa Tadesse, Samuel Addisu Abera and Lidetu Temeche
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:363
  2. Calcified chronic subdural hematoma is a rare and infrequent diagnosis made in clinical practice according to the literature. Calcification of chronic subdural hematoma is found more frequently in children and...

    Authors: Esayas Adefirs Tefera, Mezgebu Alemneh Assefa and Yohannis Derbew Molla
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:348
  3. Air rifle injuries can cause significant vascular injuries. This air rifle injury has resulted in a penetrating neck trauma traversing the common carotid artery. There is debate around the need for radiologica...

    Authors: Summer Hassan and Sergei Tchijov
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:358
  4. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common variant of systemic venous drainage. In the absence of the right superior vena cava (RSVC), implantation of a right ventricular pacing lead may be ...

    Authors: Jiří Plášek, Jiří Vrtal, David Šipula, Tomáš Grézl and Jan Václavík
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:346
  5. Necrotizing fasciitis is an aggressive disease that causes necrosis in the muscular fascia and subcutaneous tissues. The infection spreads rapidly along the fascia and perifascial planes, followed by extension...

    Authors: Radwan El Othman, Fatima Allaw, Antoine Kharsa and Souheil Hallit
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:345
  6. Endomyocardial fibrosis is a grim disease. It is the most common restrictive cardiomyopathy worldwide, but the exact etiology and pathogenesis both remain unknown. Endomyocardial fibrosis is recurrently associ...

    Authors: Raquel Reis Soares, Maria Clara Martins Avelar, Sofia Lucena Zanetti, Joao Victor Tavares Mendonça Garreto, Vinicius Dinelli Guimaraes, Elisa Soares Ferber, Mayumi de Oliveira Drumond, Matheus Ferber and Leonardo Ferber
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:361
  7. Ureteral metastasis from gastric cancers are rare and can be a cause of ureteral obstruction. There have been few published case reports in the literature. In this paper, we report an additional case and a rev...

    Authors: Meriem Ait Alla, Tarik Chekrine, Zineb Bouchbika, Nadia Benchakroun, Hassan Jouhadi, Nezha Tawfiq, Houda Chaouki, Farida Marnissi, Mehdi Karkouri and Souha Sahraoui
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:357
  8. There is a high prevalence of somatoform disorders and medically unexplained symptoms. When it comes to deciding whether a patient is able to work, it is essential to differentiate a somatoform disorder from a...

    Authors: Beatriz Pozuelo Moyano, Catherine Duquenne, Bernard Favrat, Borruat Francois-Xavier, Ioannis Kokkinakis and Konstantinos Tzartzas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:340
  9. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that can have cutaneous and systemic manifestations. Lupus panniculitis, also known as lupus mastitis, is a subset of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus...

    Authors: Lauren J. He, Laarni C. Quimson, Oluwakemi Onajin and Kimberly C. Trotter
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:356
  10. Leishmaniasis is a rare infectious disease observed in subtropical and tropical areas. This disease that demonstrates different clinical characteristics is caused by intracellular Leishmania protozoan. One of the...

    Authors: Sasan Moogahi, Fateme Tadi Beni, Mehdi Tavalla, Maryam Fasihi-Karami and Forough Kazemi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:352
  11. Nocardia are aerobic Gram-positive bacilli that can invade multiple organ systems, including the brain and lungs. It is most frequently found in patients who are immunocompromised. Invasive nocardial disease is a...

    Authors: Noelle Boctor and Paul Aronowitz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:336
  12. Metanephric adenoma is a rare benign renal tumor of the kidney, uncommonly observed in children. It is often misdiagnosed preoperatively as a malignant neoplasm, leading to an unnecessary nephrectomy. The chal...

    Authors: S. Mosbahi, S. Ben Youssef, A. Zouaoui, M. Abdelali, M. Ben Fredj, N. Ben Abdejelil, S. Belhassen, S. Hidouri, I. Chabchoub, A. Ksia, L. Sahnoun, M. Mekki, A. Zakhama, A. Zrig and M. Belghith
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:354
  13. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis is a rare complication of prothrombotic states such as neoplasms that can cause valvular dysfunction and life-threatening complications. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditi...

    Authors: Abdolhamid Bagheri, Mohammad Khani, Tooba Akbari, Erfan Ghadirzadeh, Elham Charkazi and Parastoo Ghorbani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:334
  14. Acromegaly can be diagnosed by a growth hormone value ≥ 1 µg/L following an oral glucose tolerance test. However, normal growth hormone suppression following oral glucose tolerance test may not exclude acromeg...

    Authors: Wen-Hsuan Tsai, Ming-Nan Chien, Shuen-Han Dai and Yun-Kai Chan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:333
  15. Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is an inflammatory mycosis of the central nervous system caused by meninge infection or brain parenchyma with Cryptococcus species. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality,...

    Authors: Jianhua Lan, Luyi Lv, Ling Ye, Tao Wang, Zhiyu Wu, Shugen Wu, Chunxian Peng, Weili Lu and Tao Lu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:332
  16. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma in children with fewer than 20 cases reported in literature.

    Authors: Dima Abla, Abeer Al-Battashi, Khalil Albiroty, Khuloud Abu Qasida, Nasser Al-Rahbi and Salah Al-Awaidy
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:347
  17. Abrupt visual impairment constitutes a medical urgency, necessitating an interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic approach owing to the broad spectrum of potential etiologies, thereby engaging numerous med...

    Authors: Mirco Schapher, Jacob Bruegel, Fabian Guener, Bastian Volbers, Philip Eichhorn, Abbas Agaimy, Magdalena Berger, Christian Mardin, Arnd Doerfler and Stefan W. Hock
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:331
  18. Progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM) is a rare neurological condition with paraneoplastic etiology in about 20% of cases, usually presenting before or shortly after the oncological ...

    Authors: Amanuel Hassen Ali, Anna Benterud, Trygve Holmøy and Aija Zuleron Myro
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:330
  19. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis and relapsing polychondritis are rare, multisystemic and potentially life-threatening connective tissue diseases. We present two cases of severe endobronchial obstruction in th...

    Authors: Rushab Shah, Lisa Lim and Mandana Nikpour
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:329
  20. Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors are rare benign supratentotrial epilepsy-associated glioneuronal tumors of children and young adults. Patients have a long history of seizures. Proper surgical resectio...

    Authors: Shabina Rahim, Nasir Ud Din, Jamshid Abdul-Ghafar, Qurratulain Chundriger, Poonum Khan and Zubair Ahmad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:327
  21. Bronchiolar obstruction, which causes airway obstruction in hyperresponsive airways, often results from the contraction of the airway's smooth muscles, increased viscid mucous secretions, and mucosal oedema co...

    Authors: Beatrice N. Ezenwa, Abdou Gai, Ellen Kujabi, Abdoulie Garba, Yarreh Suso, Abdulwahab Sallah and Egbuna O. Obidike
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:326
  22. Antisynthetase syndrome is an inflammatory myopathy that is characterized by the presence of anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibodies. Only 30% of those who suffer from the disease can be identified. We prese...

    Authors: Juan Estrada-Maya, María de los Ángeles Cuellar, Lina Patricia Vargas, Carmen Cecilia Gómez, Andrés Bonilla, Pedro Felipe Burgos, Sergio Alejandro Bedoya, María Valentina Oliver, Nicolás Molano and Juan Sebastián Linares
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:325
  23. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a lifelong diagnosis that involves immune-mediated damage of pancreatic beta cells and subsequent hyperglycemia, manifesting as: polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, and weight ...

    Authors: Taylor M. Meyers, Patrick T. Reeves, Jamie L. Lombardo, Sarah K. Anisowicz, Noelle S. Larson and Philip L. Rogers
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:342
  24. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the sigmoid colon is an exceedingly rare subtype of colorectal cancer (CRC) associated with chronic inflammatory conditions. Due to its variable clinical presentation ranging f...

    Authors: Alonso Garro-Mendiola, David Guevara-Lazo, Willian Pinto Samanez and Juan Carlos Lizarzaburu-Robles
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:324
  25. Panic disorder and panic attacks are two of the most common problems in psychiatry. A psychoimmunological correlation between allergic diseases and panic disorder has been strongly suggested. Histamine H1 rece...

    Authors: Hyuk Soon Kim and Geunwoong Noh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:341
  26. Acute hypocalcemia is generally caused by a sudden drop in serum calcium ion and presents with a mild or severe form of tetany. Even though the occurrence of hypocalcemia is well documented with certain drugs ...

    Authors: Yihienew M. Bezabih, Mekides A. Bimrew and Woldesellassie M. Bezabhe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:337
  27. SERPINC1 is a glycoprotein that regulates blood coagulation. SERPINC1 congenital or acquired deficiencies represent a significant risk factor for thromboembolic disease. SERPINC1 acquired defects are observed ...

    Authors: D. Denora, M. V. Di Rosa, N. Altamura, F. Pellicori, P. Vinci, U. G. Sisto, F. Spanò, F. G. Di Girolamo, N. Fiotti and G. Biolo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:323
  28. Knee arthroplasty is an orthopedic surgical procedure in which a damaged joint is replaced with an artificial one. It is estimated that 1–2% of knee arthroplasties will encounter infection over their lifetime....

    Authors: Masoud Mardani, Jafar Mohammadshahi and Roghayeh Teimourpour
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:339
  29. Hemorrhage is an uncommon complication of liposuction that may be trauma-induced by the cannula on the subcutaneous perforators. It usually resolves spontaneously with external compression and results in mild ...

    Authors: Pierre Tawa, Tom Boeken, Curtis L. Cetrulo Jr. and Alexandre G. Lellouch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:321
  30. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary tumor of the liver. The majority of HCCs are associated most frequently with chronic B or C viral hepatitis, alcohol intake or aflatoxin exposure. Cirrhosis is a str...

    Authors: Teodora Surdea-Blaga, Roxana L. Cărăguț, Cosmin Caraiani, Zeno Spârchez, Nadim al Hajjar and Dan L. Dumitrașcu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:328
  31. Spinal lipomas not associated with dysraphism are rare and have an unknown natural history. In this report, we describe two cases; they showed recurrence during long-term follow-up, which makes us doubt a beni...

    Authors: Luis Miguel Moreno Gómez, Daniel García-Pérez, Pedro Juan González-León, Pablo M. Munarriz and Ana María Castaño-León
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:317
  32. Residual lithiasis is the presence of stones in the common bile duct, ignored after one or more biliary interventions. We report an atypical case of chronic symptomatic lithiasis of the lower bile duct occurri...

    Authors: Joël Igor Kamla, Guy Aristide Bang, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Landry Wakheu Tchuenkam and Arthur Georges Essomba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:316
  33. Cutaneous metastases (CM) revealing lung carcinoma are extremely rare, accounting for 0.8%. The diagnosis is guided by histology and immunohistochemistry. Treatment is palliative. The prognosis is poor.

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Ines Zemni, Mohamed Ali Ayadi, Lamia Naija, Nadia Boujelbene and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:315
  34. Vacuoles, E1 enzyme, X-linked, autoinflammatory, and somatic syndrome is a newly discovered inflammatory disease affecting male subjects, for which few data exist in the literature. Here, we describe the case ...

    Authors: Félicie Belicard, Nicolas Belhomme, Simon Bouzy, Clémence Saillard, Fabienne Nedelec, Jean-Baptiste Mear, Samuel Ardois, Cedric Pastoret, Florian Reizine, Christophe Camus and Benoit Painvin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:314
  35. Dyskinesia is a movement disorder categorized by involuntary movement of muscle. Although dyskinesia can be brought on by taking medications, it can also be a symptom of a variety of diseases. Antiepileptic dr...

    Authors: Kashvi C. Shah, Nishi S. Patel, Paritosh Vasani, Avinash Khadela, Vivek P. Chavda and Lalitkumar Vora
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:313
  36. Primary carcinosarcoma of the bladder is a rare and highly aggressive tumor, representing less than 1% of all bladder neoplasms. There is no specific treatment guideline has for carcinosarcoma of the bladder, ...

    Authors: Fadila Kouhen, Zineb Dahbi, Mohammed Afif, Meriem Chihabeddine, Nadia Errafiy, Kenza Oqbani, Youssef Omor and Amal Elhossini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:320
  37. Enterovirus A71 is one of the causative agents of hand, foot, and mouth disease, which is usually a self-limiting disease. Complications of enterovirus infection are also very rare. However, when such complica...

    Authors: Oluwafemi M. Akinnurun, Marco Narvaez Encalada, Julia Orth, Markus Petzold, Sindy Böttcher, Sabine Diedrich, Martin Smitka and Percy Schröttner
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:310
  38. X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency is caused by IL2RG gene mutation. Several variations have been identified in the IL2RG gene, which potentially can prevent the production of nonfunctional proteins. Herei...

    Authors: Elham Rayzan, Mona Sadeghalvad, Sepideh Shahkarami, Samaneh Zoghi, Zahra Aryan, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Kaan Boztug and Nima Rezaei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:307
  39. Takayasu arteritis is a rare and chronic granulomatous vasculitis that affects the large vessels. Takayasu arteritis targets the aorta and its branches and is still of unknown etiology. It often affects female...

    Authors: Maryem Ferjani, Mounira El Euch, Mariem Boumediene, Mariem Jrad, Fethi Ben Hamida, Sami Turki and Tahar Gargah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:306
  40. Splenic abscess is a rare disease, with incidence of 0.2–0.7% in previous studies. It often appears with left upper quadrant abdominal pain, fever, chills. Splenic abscess often happens because of hematogenous...

    Authors: Zahra Moghimi, Ehsan Sadeghian, Aidin Yaghoobi Notash and Ehsan Sobhanian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:305
  41. Studies of novel microsurgical adjuncts, such as 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence have shown various fluorescence patterns within meningiomas, opening new avenues for complete microsurgical resection...

    Authors: Iulia Peciu-Florianu, Alice Jaillard, Constantin Tuleasca and Nicolas Reyns
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:300
  42. Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis is a rare condition with a typical macroscopic appearance, with fibrocollagenous membrane enclosing loops of the small intestine, causing intestinal obstruction. Unexplaine...

    Authors: T. Pintar, M. Tavčar, A. Šušteršič and M. Volavšek
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:318
  43. Adult Intussusception is an uncommon diagnosis, with one to three cases occurring in a population of 1,000,000 per year, primarily due to underlying pathological lead points, of which 70% are malignant. Lipoma...

    Authors: Mohamed Osama Mohamed Ali, Noon Idris Abdelrahman Mohamed, Ahmed Abdelfattah Eltomelhussein Ahmed, Mohamed Osman Suliman Basher, Samya Abbas Abdelrazig Mohamed and Osama Mohieldin Elgemaabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:299

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