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  1. Subhepatic appendicitis is an exceedingly rare presentation, accounting for 0.01% of acute appendicitis cases. It is of prime importance to be aware of variants and manage such challenging cases accordingly.

    Authors: Mumin Hakim, Rania Mostafa, Mohammed Al Shehri and Sherif Sharawy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:151

    Content type: Case report

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  2. This case report presents a case of a patient with global cerebral infarction of uncertain etiology following an emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. As a result, factor XII deficiency was rev...

    Authors: Keisuke Yoshida, Shiori Tanaka, Yuki Sato, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Kenichi Muramatsu and Masahiro Murakawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:150

    Content type: Case report

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  3. In this case report, we describe the trajectory of recovery of a young, healthy patient diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 who developed acute respiratory distress syndrome. The purpose of this case repor...

    Authors: Kirby P. Mayer, Jamie L. Sturgill, Anna G. Kalema, Melissa K. Soper, Sherif M. Seif, Evan P. Cassity, Jimmi Hatton Kolpek, Esther E. Dupont-Versteegden, Ashley A. Montgomery-Yates and Peter E. Morris

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:161

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Lithium carbonate is widely used as a first-line therapeutic agent for the depressive and manic phases of bipolar disorder. Although limb tremors and hypothyroidism are well-known side effects of lithium carb...

    Authors: Shota Hanyu, Naoko Sugita, Miyuki Matsuda, Toshiya Murai and Hironobu Fujiwara

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:149

    Content type: Case report

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  5. This case report demonstrates pericardial effusion, acute pericarditis, and cardiac tamponade in an otherwise healthy woman who had a positive test result for coronavirus disease 2019. Few case reports have be...

    Authors: Christina Walker, Vincent Peyko, Charles Farrell, Jeanine Awad-Spirtos, Matthew Adamo and John Scrocco

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:158

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are rare papillary pancreatic neoplasms arising from major pancreatic ducts, characterized by duct dilation and mucin secretion. They comprise approximately 1% of all e...

    Authors: Sawsan Ismail, Rama Darwisho, Mohammed Ali, Maen Haidar, Mohammad Adib Houreih and Zuheir Alshehabi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:146

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Edwardsiella tarda uncommonly infects humans. The usual presentation is mild gastroenteritis, but systemic manifestations may occur. Lethal infections are rarely documented in patients with underlying disorders.

    Authors: Gultakin Hasan Bakirova, Abdulrahman Alharthy, Silvia Corcione, Waleed Tharwat Aletreby, Ahmed Fouad Mady, Francesco Giuseppe De Rosa and Dimitrios Karakitsos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:144

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Uterine inversion is a rare but known complication following parturition and may prove fatal due to neurogenic shock or postpartum hemorrhage if not corrected immediately. The incidence is variable, occurring ...

    Authors: Priyanka Garg and Romi Bansal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:143

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Endometriosis is the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The lesions are typically found in the pelvic cavity but can occur in other extrapelvic areas. Umbilical endometriosis, also know...

    Authors: Dorothy Makena, Timona Obura, Steve Mutiso and Felix Oindi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:142

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Acute calcific longus colli tendinitis is a rare, noninfectious inflammatory condition caused by the deposition of calcium crystals. The condition is self-limiting, yet commonly misdiagnosed. Here we report a ...

    Authors: Brendan Langford, Jennifer Kleinman Sween, David M. Penn and W. Michael Hooten

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:148

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Coughing is considered an important mechanism that helps the body get rid of foreign substances or prevent their entry into the tracheobronchial tree. Infrequently, after the onset of coughing, patients presen...

    Authors: Aimee Daccache, Jad Haddad, Ahmad Ghanem, Elio Junior Feghali and Bassel El Osta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:147

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Acute compartment syndrome is a limb-threatening and occasionally life-threatening emergency that is rarely reported as a complication following childbirth. Prompt diagnosis is crucial to avoid permanent funct...

    Authors: Sharon Coulton, Sally Bourne, Simon Catliffe, Roderick Brooks and David Jollow

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:140

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The presence of a suspicious ovarian cyst with elevated cancer antigen 125 level in a woman of reproductive age poses a serious therapeutic dilemma. Mature cystic teratomas and mucinous cystadenomas may also c...

    Authors: Chanil Deshan Ekanayake, Nayoman Munasinghe, Iranthi Kumarasinghe and Sachini Rasnayake

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:141

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Developmental disorder and dementia in older adults have been considered unrelated clinical entities because their timing of diagnosis differs greatly; however, recent studies have suggested an association bet...

    Authors: Masahiko Takaya, Kazunari Ishii, Kaori Kiguchi, Kazumasa Saigoh and Osamu Shirakawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:139

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Mantle cell lymphoma is one of several subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cervical relapse of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a very rare condition that has a variable and nonspecific presentation and may resemble othe...

    Authors: Giusi Santangelo, Innocenza Palaia, Giorgia Perniola, Anna Di Pinto, Angela Musella, Federica Tomao, Margherita Fischetti, Carolina Sassu, Mariagrazia Piccioni, Violante Di Donato and Pierluigi Benedetti Panici

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:138

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Anaplastic astrocytoma is a rare disorder in children from 10 to 14 years of age, with an estimated 0.38 new cases per 100,000 people per year worldwide. Panel-based next-generation sequencing opens new possib...

    Authors: Jennyfer M. García-Cárdenas, Ana Karina Zambrano, Patricia Guevara-Ramírez, Santiago Guerrero, Gabriel Runruil, Andrés López-Cortés, Jorge P. Torres-Yaguana, Isaac Armendáriz-Castillo, Andy Pérez-Villa, Verónica Yumiceba, Paola E. Leone and César Paz-y-Miño

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:136

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Rituximab is a well-established component of treatment regimens for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Rituximab binds the CD20 antigen on the surface of B lymphocytes, causing an enhanced clearance of malignant and...

    Authors: Maximilian Higer, Denis Cana, Juergen Podlech, Simin Schadmand-Fischer, Andreas Schwarting, Daniel Teschner, Matthias Theobald, Thomas Wölfel and Georg Hess

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:135

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Novel coronavirus disease 2019 presents with fever, dry cough, fatigue, and shortness of breath in most cases; however, some rare manifestations in other organs have also been reported so far.

    Authors: Maryam Heidarpour, Mehrbod Vakhshoori, Saeed Abbasi, Davood Shafie and Nima Rezaei

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:134

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features are typical findings in Hirayama disease (HD) and are useful diagnostic entities but may not be present in all patients.

    Authors: Rajeev Ojha, Sumit Shahi, Gaurav Nepal, Arjana Shakya, Bikram Prasad Gajurel, Ragesh Karn, Reema Rajbhandari and Niraj Gautam

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:133

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Chronic nonhealing wounds are very expensive to treat and debilitating, and they reduce health-related quality of life. Scalp necrosis is very rare due to its rich vascularity. However, any post-traumatic woun...

    Authors: Kazem Hajmohammadi, Roghayeh Esmaeili Zabihi, Kamran Akbarzadeh and Naser Parizad

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:132

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Artificial dentures are the most common object ingested by elderly patients and account for 4–18% of all foreign body ingestions. Denture impaction in the small bowel is a rare phenomenon. Surgery of the duode...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab and Reza Hosseinpour

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:131

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Congenital anomalies of the urinary system are very common and have extremely varied presentation. Among them, the most rarely found structural anomaly is the pancake kidney. When both kidneys are fused along ...

    Authors: Sabyasachi Bakshi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:129

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Hemangioma is a benign tumor made up of blood vessels and typically occurs as a slightly elevated purplish or reddish area of skin. Hemangioma is mostly found superficially; subcutaneous hemangioma in the nasa...

    Authors: Hamsu Kadriyan, Muhammad Alfian Sulaksana, Didit Yudhanto, I. Gusti Ayu Trisna Aryani, Eka Arie Yuliani, Nurul Endah Ardianti, Moh. Suprayogi and Fathul Djannah

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:128

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Acute small bowel obstruction is a common surgical emergency usually caused by abdominal adhesions, followed by intraluminal tumors from metastatic disease. Although lymphomas have been known to cause bowel ob...

    Authors: Saro Kasparian, Ethan Burns, Ahmed Shehabeldin, Melina Awar and Sai Ravi Pingali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:127

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The rebound effect after stopping treatment with denosumab may be associated with rapid loss of the gains in bone mineral density achieved with treatment, high levels of bone remodeling markers, the occurrence...

    Authors: Yves Maugars, Pascale Guillot, Joëlle Glémarec, Jean-Marie Berthelot, Benoit Le Goff and Christelle Darrieutort-Laffite

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:130

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin; vitamin D is essential to sustain health and it protects against osteoporosis. It is crucial to the human body’s physiology in terms of muscular movement and neurological si...

    Authors: Mohanad Kamaleldin Mahmoud Ibrahim and Mustafa Khidir Mustafa Elnimeiri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:126

    Content type: Case report

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  27. As the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has progressed, computed tomography has emerged as an integral part of the diagnosis alongside reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction assays. Fre...

    Authors: Mohsin Sheraz Mughal, Rameez Rehman, Ramy Osman, Nathan Kan, Hasan Mirza and Margaret H. Eng

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:124

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is a rare and potentially lethal condition affecting approximately 1% of monochorionic twin pregnancies and 1 in 35,000 pregnancies overall. An apparently normal (pump...

    Authors: Tania T. Herrera, Katia Rueda, Honorina Espinosa and Gabrielle B. Britton

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:123

    Content type: Case report

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  29. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Elise Lupon, Christine Chevreau, Alexandre Gaston Lellouch, Dimitry Gangloff and Thomas Meresse

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:125

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:103

  30. Osimertinib, a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is selective for both epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor–sensitizing and T790M resistance mut...

    Authors: Shinichi Miyazaki, Yasumasa Kuno, Shunsaku Hayai, Ryo Teramachi, Ryo Yamashita, Yusuke Saito, Kosuke Higuchi, Yoshiharu Nara and Takuya Ikeda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:122

    Content type: Case report

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  31. We report two cases (two eyes) of traumatic cyclodialysis with prolonged decrease of intraocular pressure that were successfully treated with surgery by ciliary body suturing using intraocular irrigation.

    Authors: Taishi Nagashima, Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Masanori Fukumoto, Shou Oosuka, Takaki Sato, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida and Tsunehiko Ikeda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:121

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Mammary Paget’s disease is an eczematous eruption on the nipple and areola with underlying breast malignancy. It is often misinterpreted as chronic dermatitis or psoriasis causing a delayed diagnosis. Synchron...

    Authors: Lina Choridah, Wida Kartika Sari, Ery Kus Dwianingsih, Irianiwati Widodo, Suwardjo and Sumadi Lukman Anwar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:119

    Content type: Case report

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  33. High-grade B-cell lymphoma with rearrangements of MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 is an aggressive mature B-cell neoplasm, whereas B-lymphoblastic lymphoma is immature cell proliferation, with a frequent positivity for ...

    Authors: Antonin Bouroumeau, Eleonore Kaphan, Clémentine Legrand, Tatiana Raskovalova, Gautier Szymanski, Claire Vettier, Christine Lefebvre, Marie-Christine Jacob, Anne McLeer, Michel Peuchmaur, Rémy Gressin and Hervé Sartelet

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:117

    Content type: Case report

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  34. The lingual frenulum is a mucous membrane fold found underneath the tongue. It helps the tongue to perform its function. There are few anomalies that can affect the lingual frenulum, such as ankyloglossia and ...

    Authors: Reham O. Filfilan and Soulafa A. Almazrooa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:116

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Re-intervention after Ross procedure into the right ventricular outflow tract might be needed in patients in the long term. However, right ventricular outflow tract re-intervention indications are still unclea...

    Authors: Masao Takigami, Keiichi Itatani, Naohiko Nakanishi, Hiroko Morichi, Teruyasu Nishino, Shohei Miyazaki, Kosuke Nakaji, Michiyo Yamano, Yo Kajiyama, Yoshinobu Maeda, Satoaki Matoba, Hitoshi Yaku and Masaaki Yamagishi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:113

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Tension pneumoperitoneum, a form of abdominal compartment syndrome, is an important clinical condition. Increased pressure in the intraperitoneal cavity leads to respiratory and circulatory instability. Most o...

    Authors: Woo Jin Joo, Yusuke Kuwahara, Yoko Asaka, Daisuke Mizu, Shigeo Hara and Koichi Ariyoshi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:112

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Brain abscesses are relatively rare, but they are a potentially life-threatening condition. Predictive factors for poor outcome are a young age and the presence of multiple abscesses. We report a case of a 15-...

    Authors: Atsuko Kudo-Kubo, Shuichi Shimakawa, Yutaka Odanaka, Naokado Ikeda, Hikaru Kitahara, Hiromitsu Toshikawa, Atsuko Ashida, Miho Fukui, Noriyasu Ozaki, Kanta Kishi, Masahiko Wanibuchi and Akira Ashida

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:111

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is normally induced by ovarian stimulation drugs. Severe cases of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome involve complications such as renal failure and thrombosis. Evidence has re...

    Authors: Haipeng Huang, Yasushi Takai, Kouki Samejima, Tatsuya Narita, Shunichiro Ichinose, Yukiko Itaya, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Naoki Hayashi and Hiroyuki Seki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:110

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Fetal bladder rupture causing urinary ascites is uncommon. It is generally related to invasive fetal medicine procedures or obstructive disorders such as in posterior urethral valves in male fetuses. An except...

    Authors: Florence Cadoret, Edith Brazet, Agnès Sartor, Isabelle Lacroix, Charlotte Casper, Stéphane Decramer and Olivier Parant

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:115

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disorder that involves intraepithelial blistering and sores of the skin and mucous membranes. The average age of onset is between 50 and 70 years. Pemphigus rarely occurs in...

    Authors: Hiba Hasan Khaddour, Diana Zaher, Triak Kassem and Ahmad Hasan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:109

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Premature ovarian failure is a relatively common condition that affects 1–3% of adult women. Premature ovarian failure occurs when there is loss of ovarian function in women younger than 40 years of age. The c...

    Authors: Prosper Igboeli, Abdeljabar El Andaloussi, Ujalla Sheikh, Hajra Takala, Amro ElSharoud, Ashley McHugh, Larisa Gavrilova-Jordan, Steven Levy and Ayman Al-Hendy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:108

    Content type: Case report

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  42. A retroperitoneal abscess caused by duodenal perforation is a relatively rare disease clinically. We report the case of a patient with a local high-density shadow at the head of the retroperitoneal pancreas.

    Authors: Xijin Mao, Ning Yu, Xingfang Jia and Wanfeng Fan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:105

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Leprosy is one of the oldest mycobacterial infections and tuberculosis is the most common mycobacterial infection with a higher degree of infectivity than leprosy. Although both diseases are prevalent in clust...

    Authors: B. S. D. P. Keragala, H. M. M. T. B. Herath, G. H. D. C. Janapriya, S. Vanitha, Thanushah Balendran, Thavarajah Janani, T. S. Keragala and C. N. Gunasekera

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:101

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Conn’s syndrome is a curable condition if identified properly. It is characterized by autonomous secretion of aldosterone from the adrenal gland cortex. Its morbidity is related to the increased risk of cardio...

    Authors: Eiman Alseddeeqi, Ajda Altinoz and Najla Ben Ghashir

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:100

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Peritoneal carcinoma is a rare disease that is diagnosed and treated in a manner similar to ovarian cancer. In most cases, the histological type is serous carcinoma, and chemotherapy is effective. However, the...

    Authors: Sachiko Nagao, Motoki Matsuura, Masato Tamate, Shintaro Sugita and Tsuyoshi Saito

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:99

    Content type: Case report

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