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  1. Although viscosupplementation is a commonly used treatment for osteoarthritis and is widely regarded as a safe treatment option, it is associated with the rare complication of pseudoseptic arthritis. Most exis...

    Authors: Rae Tarapore, Sierra Lindsey, Paige Strickland and Robert McKinstry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:242
  2. Radiation proctitis (RP) is a significant complication of pelvic radiation. Effective treatments for chronic RP are currently lacking. We report a case where chronic RP was successfully managed by metformin an...

    Authors: Mau-Shin Chi, Ping-Hsun Hsieh, Shu-Han Huang, Ho-Chi Hsu and Kwan-Hwa Chi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:239
  3. Mesonephric adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare subtype of uterine cervical cancer that is associated with a poor prognosis and for which a standardized treatment protocol has not been established. Carbon ion ...

    Authors: Nao Kobayashi, Takahiro Oike, Ken Ando, Kazutoshi Murata, Tomoaki Tamaki, Shin-ei Noda, Kayoko Kogure, Sumihito Nobusawa, Tetsunari Oyama and Tatsuya Ohno
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:228
  4. Perioperative symptomatic carotid artery occlusion after carotid endarterectomy is a rare complication. In this study, we present a case of symptomatic acute carotid artery occlusion that occurred after caroti...

    Authors: Shin Hirota, Masataka Yoshimura, Junshi Cho, Toshihiko Hayashi, Azumi Kaneoka, Kei Ito, Juri Kiyokawa and Shinji Yamamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:226
  5. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a novel form of rapidly reversible heart failure occurring secondary to a stressor that mimics an acute coronary event. The underlying etiology of the stressor is highly variable an...

    Authors: Damanpreet Dev, Mohammed El-Din, Siddharth Vijayakumar and Rayno Navinan Mitrakrishnan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:238
  6. Mature cystic teratoma co-existing with a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is a rare tumor that few cases have been reported until now. In these cases, either a benign teratoma is malignantly transformed into adeno...

    Authors: Mahboobeh Chahkandi, Farnaz Mozayani, Ali Fanoodi, Amir Reza Bina and Amir Reza Ebrahimian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:232
  7. The greater omentum comprises peritoneal, adipose, vascular, and lymphoid tissues. Most omental malignancies are metastatic tumors, and the incidence of primary tumors is rare. We report on a prior omental smo...

    Authors: Yukari Ono, Yoichiro Okubo, Kota Washimi, Yo Mikayama, Tsunehiro Doiuch, Chie Hasegawa, Emi Yoshioka, Kyoko Ono, Manabu Shiozawa and Tomoyuki Yokose
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:222
  8. Pregnancy imposes significant physiological changes, including alterations in electrolyte balance and renal function. This is especially important because certain disorders might worsen and make people more su...

    Authors: Vijay Sundarsingh, R. Manoj Kumar, Manjunath Kulkarni, Firas Rauf Mammoo, Pramela Renisha Rodrigues and Y. M. Prashanth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:236
  9. Peripheral ossifying fibroma is a nonneoplastic inflammatory hyperplasia that originates in the periodontal ligament or periosteum in response to chronic mechanical irritation. Peripheral ossifying fibroma dev...

    Authors: Ryo Takagi, Kosei Mori, Takashi Koike, Sayumi Tsuyuguchi, Kengo Kanai, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Mitsuhiro Okano, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Aya Tanaka, Kinue Kurihara, Kazumichi Sato, Ken Ishizaki, Yuichiro Hayashi and Yorihisa Imanishi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:220
  10. Adult nephrotic syndrome is a well-known kidney disease that causes heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, edema, and hypertension. The treatment varies according to its underlying cause but...

    Authors: Arisa Mizukawa Yoshida, Naohi Isse, Ryoma Shioji and Kazuharu Sunami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:237
  11. Parotid gland agenesis is a rare, congenital, usually asymptomatic disorder. Until now, only 24 cases with unilateral, incidentally found, parotid gland agenesis have been described. Here, we present the first...

    Authors: Aris I. Giotakis, Christos Masaoutis, Alexander Delides and Evangelos I. Giotakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:231
  12. Mantle cell lymphoma is a rare lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract that may present as multiple lymphomatous polyposis. We report a case of lymphomatous polyposis with a review of the literature.

    Authors: Toukilnan Djiwa, B. B. S. Koui, N. A. Aman, Z. I. Coulibaly, M. Kouyate and K. E. Kouame
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:219
  13. Amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction (AIT) is a side-effect associated with the use of Amiodarone for the treatment of refractory arrythmias. Resulting hyperthyroidism can precipitate cardiac complications, ...

    Authors: Yoann Aubry, Michel Dosch and Marc Y. Donath
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:235
  14. Nexplanon implants are a common hormonal contraceptive modality. Though rare, these devices can embolize into the injured wall of the basilic vein, through the right heart, and finally wedge itself into a pulm...

    Authors: Edward K. Maybury, Zachary C. Affrin, Christian Popa, Max Fowler, Bryan D. Laliberte and Sarah C. Clarke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:234
  15. Vaginal metastasis from colorectal cancer is a rare occurrence, typically associated with other metastatic lesions. Isolated metastasis is exceedingly uncommon, with only a few cases documented in the literatu...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Ines Zemni, Mohamed Ali Ayadi, Ayoub Ghazouani, Nadia Boujelbene and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:233
  16. Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare clinically benign, pigmented, tumor of neural crest origin which commonly occurs in the maxilla. It is a rare tumor that may pose difficulty in diffe...

    Authors: Mesfin Asefa and Tedros Hailu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:230
  17. Orbital metastasis is a possible complication of small cell lung cancer and a pattern of bilateral invasion of the extraocular muscles has rarely been reported in literature.

    Authors: João Ponces Ramalhão, Beatriz Costa Vieira, Diogo Rodrigues, Miguel Gonçalves Afonso, João Gouveia, Pedro Manuel Baptista and Maria Araújo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:216
  18. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is an immunosuppressive drug that is frequently prescribed to patients with rheumatological diseases. MMF’s side effects include abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and other ga...

    Authors: Ziyad Alakkas, Abdulaziz M. Gari, Sara Makhdoum and Eman A. AlSindi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:229
  19. Pembrolizumab (PEM), an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI), is often used for triple-negative breast cancer, but can also be used to treat solid tumors that exhibit high microsatellite instability (MSI-High). H...

    Authors: Keiko Inakami, Noriko Fujita, Chikage Iguchi, Yukie Enomoto, Junya Minohata, Atsushi Sata, Yoshimasa Miyagawa, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Tomokazu Saitoh, Takashi Nomura, Yuka Sawai, Keiko Takahara, Tsutomu Kasugai and Eiichi Shiba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:214
  20. Prevotella heparinolytica is a Gram-negative bacterium that is commonly found in the oral, intestinal, and urinary tracts. It has been extensively studied in lower respiratory tract infections in horses, which ha...

    Authors: Jiongzhou Sun, Xun Xu, Shiyuan Gao, Qiong Pan, Zian Liu, Yiwen Huang and Yixin Lian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:213
  21. Non-pancreatic pseudocysts are rare lesions that typically form from the omentum and mesentery. These cysts have a thick fibrotic wall made up of fibrous tissue and may show signs of calcifications and inflamm...

    Authors: Yohannis Derbew Molla, Aklilu Yiheyis Abraha, Yilkal Ademe Belay, Bewketu Abebe Alemu, Hirut Tesfahun Alemu and Samuel Addisu Abera
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:212
  22. Sprengel’s deformity is a congenital abnormality of the shoulder girdle. Because scapular retraction, such as the Green procedure, is usually performed during childhood to improve esthetics and shoulder functi...

    Authors: Shun Otsuka, Yuki Tamaki, Masaki Matsushita, Naoyuki Hatayama and Munekazu Naito
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:211
  23. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) accounts for about 1% of all tuberculosis cases and about 5% of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases. However, it poses major importance because approximately half of those affected d...

    Authors: Guive Sharifi, Mohammad Ansari, Elmira Mahmoudi Chalmiani, Farid Javandoust Gharehbagh and Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:210
  24. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that leads to significant disability and morbidity, characterised by the formation of heterotopic hard tissues within connecti...

    Authors: Sughashini Murugesu, Benjamin P. Jones, Paul Serhal and Jara Ben-Nagi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:227
  25. We present a severe neonatal consequence due to the unexpected and crucial inversion of the fetal position after sudden termination of tocolysis during early labor of a woman with congenital uterine anomaly. I...

    Authors: Jiro Abe, Takashi Nasu, Ayumu Noro and Junko Tsubaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:209
  26. Optic neuritis (ON) is an inflammatory demyelinating condition of the optic nerve, with various causes. Its incidence is higher in children and young adults than in older adults of both genders, but is more co...

    Authors: Elcio Luiz Bonamigo, Pamela Kuyava, Taísa Sacomori Paula Zanotto Reginatto, Arthur Gabriel Duran, Luisa Truculo, Eglas Emanuel Rossi, Ricardo Alexandre Stock and Claudia Elisa Grasel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:223
  27. Headache is a frequent symptom in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) has been reported among patients who underwent lumbar puncture for...

    Authors: Gashaw Solela, Addis A. Tenaw, Henok Fisseha, Abel M. Argaw, Tamirat Petros and Betelhem Mengistu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:206
  28. Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease characterized by granulomatous inflammation. Sarcoidosis often poses a diagnostic challenge owing to its nonspecific or mild clinical features. In 20–35% of cases, sarcoi...

    Authors: Eva Klara Merzel Šabović, Mateja Starbek Zorko, Violeta Hosta, Borut Žgavec and Vid Bajuk
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:221
  29. Sex cord-stromal tumors with annular tubules are a rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of all ovarian malignancies. However, they are characterized by very late recurrence, which can be as late as 30 years ...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Maher Slimane, Hanen Bouaziz, Nayssem Khessairi, Nadia Boujelbene and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:217
  30. Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis present perioperative challenges for clinical anesthesiologists for anesthesia-associated complications.

    Authors: Yan Li, Qianhui Hu, Qian Wang, Taotao Liu and Min Gao
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:205
  31. Dravet syndrome is an infantile-onset developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) characterized by drug resistance, intractable seizures, and developmental comorbidities. This article focuses on manifesta...

    Authors: Agung Triono, Elisabeth Siti Herini and Gunadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:215
  32. Renal cell carcinomas are the most common form of kidney cancer in adults. In addition to metastasizing in lungs, soft tissues, bones, and the liver, it also spreads locally. In 2–10% of patients, it causes a ...

    Authors: Bekim Ademi, Luan Jaha, Isa Haxhiu, Xhevdet Çuni, Afrim Tahiri, Jetmir Gashi, Adhurim Koshi and Art Jaha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:201
  33. Lipomas arising in the parietal peritoneum are rare, and some of them cause abdominal pain due to torsion of the pedunculated peritoneum. We encountered a case of parietal peritoneal lipoma arising upper perit...

    Authors: Yu Dohmoto, Yoshimasa Akashi, Koichi Ogawa, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Yusuke Ohara, Yohei Owada and Tatsuya Oda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:200
  34. The management of a pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus is particularly challenging. A bicornuate uterus is a rare occurrence and a twin pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus even more rare. These pregnancies call for...

    Authors: Melanie Schubert, Anastasia Tihon, Kristin Andresen, Zino Ruchay, André Farrokh, Nicolai Maass, Philipp Elischer, Ann Carolin Longardt, Karolin Tesch, Annett Lebenatus, Magret Krüger and Ibrahim Alkatout
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:196
  35. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease is an inflammatory disease affecting multiple organs including the kidney. Immunoglobulin G4-related kidney disease most commonly manifests as a tubulointerstitial nephritis a...

    Authors: Amy Needleman, Michael Sheaff, Ruth J. Pepper and Rhys D. R. Evans
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:192
  36. Renal artery pseudoaneurysm following partial nephrectomy is a rare entity, the incidence of this entity is more common following penetrating abdominal injuries, percutaneous renal interventions such as percut...

    Authors: Ravi Mohan Mavuduru, Shiraz Akif Mohd Ziauddin, Girdhar Singh Bora and Ujjwal Gorsi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:191
  37. Gas extravasation complications arising from perforated diverticulitis are common but manifestations such as pneumoperitoneum, pneumoretroperitoneum, and pneumomediastinum happening at the same time are exceed...

    Authors: H. Hafiani, N. Bouknani, E. M. Choukri, R. Charif Saibari and A. Rami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:187
  38. Hamartoma is a common benign tumor that usually occurs in the kidney, liver, lung, and pancreas. Large renal hamartomas may spontaneously rupture and hemorrhage, which is potentially life-threatening.

    Authors: Jianhua Zhang, Tao Zhen, Hongmei Jian, Jinlan Yang and Ni Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:208
  39. Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT) is an unstable and often fatal cardiac tachyarrhythmia. While there are many causes of this rhythm, including electrolyte imbalances, ischemia, and genetic disorders,...

    Authors: Jessica Mao, Allison Komatsu Chang, Stephen Chin, Komal Preet, Nare Torosyan, Sarmen Sarkissian and Joseph Ebinger
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:186
  40. Focal nodular hyperplasia is a common nonmalignant liver mass. This nonvascular lesion is an uncommon mass in children, especially those with no predisposing factors, namely radiation, chemotherapy, and hemato...

    Authors: Mani Moayerifar, Pirouz Samidoust, Mahboobeh Gholipour, Maziar Moayerifar, Athar Zamani, Niloofar Poorheravi and Selvana Poursadrolah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:185
  41. Wandering spleen (or ectopic spleen) refers to a hyper-mobile spleen resulting in its displacement from the normal anatomical position to usually in the lower abdominal or pelvic cavity. While ultrasound is of...

    Authors: Salaar Ahmed, Shahid Iqbal, Shariqa Batool and Rizwan Khan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:181
  42. Total pelvic exenteration is the ultimate solution for rectovesicovaginal fistula caused by radiation therapy, yet total pelvic exenteration frequently causes intraoperative complications and postoperative com...

    Authors: Wujian Lin, Bing Yao, Jiahui He, Shuangyan Lin, Yafei Wang, Fangting Chen, Weichao Zhang, Jiashu Yang, Zhihong Ye, Jianguang Qiu and Yuling Wang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:207
  43. Hypocalcaemia is a rare, but reversible, cause of dilated cardiomyopathy causing heart failure. Several case reports have been reported on reversible cardiomyopathy secondary to hypocalcaemia.

    Authors: Nilushka Rupasinghe, Priyanga Ranasinghe and Leonard Wanninayake
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:204
  44. Paratesticular cellular angiofibroma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor. The optimal management is surgical resection due to the difficulty of preoperative accurate diagnosis.

    Authors: Takaya Murashima, Kazutaka Kida, Toshihiro Gi, Takuya Hida, Masato Fujii, Takahiro Nagai, Hiroki Takamori, Shoichiro Mukai, Yuichiro Sato and Toshiyuki Kamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:170

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