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  1. Gastric glomus tumor is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm. There are only a few cases of the tumor showing malignancy, and there are no specific guidelines for the management of this entity.

    Authors: Eleni S. Tsagkataki, Mathaios E. Flamourakis, Ioannis G. Gkionis, Michail I. Giakoumakis, Georgios N. Delimpaltadakis, Georgios M. Kazamias, Elpida S. Giannikaki and Manousos S. Christodoulakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:415

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Many pancreatic pseudocysts spontaneously resolve, but larger or symptomatic pseudocysts may require procedural management. Though endoscopic ultrasound guided approaches are standard of care and have high suc...

    Authors: Krittin J. Supapannachart, Christopher R. Funk, Lauren M. Gensler and Matthew P. Butters

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:409

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Catatonia is a clinical syndrome characterized by psychomotor disruption, which often goes undiagnosed. Most reports have focused on interventions and outcomes for catatonia in younger people and those with sc...

    Authors: Emma Bean, Callum Findlay, Claire Gee and Jay Amin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:406

    Content type: Case report

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  4. A high-grade pancreatic injury is a life-threatening injury that is associated with high mortality and morbidity. It is currently unclear which treatment strategy results in good clinical outcomes.

    Authors: Futoshi Nagashima, Satoshi Inoue, Daisaku Matsui, Yuki Bansyoutani, Rina Tokuda, Osamu Fuzisaki and Makoto Kobayashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:404

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Actinomycosis is a rare chronic infection caused by Actinomyces. The abdominopelvic localization of this pathology makes preoperative diagnosis extremely exceptional. The following report is the case of a patient...

    Authors: Hicham Baba, Jawad Fassi Fihri, Mohammed Essaid Ramraoui, Ahmed Elguazzar, Ahmed Zeroual, Mohammed Lahkim, Ahmed El Khader, Abdessamad Achour and Rachid El Barni

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:401

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Follicular thyroid carcinoma is the second most common malignancy of the thyroid gland. In 2016, the so-called Hurthle cell thyroid carcinoma, formerly known as the oxyphilic variant of the follicular thyroid ...

    Authors: Richard David Blossey, Dennis Kleine-Döpke, Kristina Imeen Ringe, Daniel Pöhnert, Bastian Ringe, Jürgen Klempnauer and Oliver Beetz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:399

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Generalized lymphatic anomaly previously known as diffuse systemic lymphangiomatosis is a rare multisystem congenital disease arising from the lymphatic system, and it is characterized by abnormal proliferatio...

    Authors: Tao Liu, Sana Basseri, Ben Mussari, Dominique DaBreo, Sandip SenGupta, Dalila Villalobos and Sara Awad

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:398

    Content type: Case report

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  8. A detection of parathyroid glands by the evaluation of their autofluorescence in the near-infrared spectrum is considered as a promising tool in addition to their visual verification. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Maksym Gorobeiko and Andrii Dinets

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:414

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Becker’s nevus syndrome is a syndrome characterized by the presence of a Becker’s nevus with ipsilateral breast hypoplasia or hypoplastic defects of the muscle, skin, or skeleton. The nevus usually consists of...

    Authors: Ugo N. Chikani, Ijeoma N. Ohuche and Ada I. Bisi-Onyemaechi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:395

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Herpes virus remains dormant in human cells and could reactivate under immunosuppressed conditions, such as prolonged critical illnesses. The phenomenon of viral replication during intensive care is well known...

    Authors: Amélie Boquet, Guillaume Boulay, Etienne Hautin and Nicolas Mottard

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:394

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Tocilizumab, an interleukin-6 inhibitor is part of many international guidelines for the management of cytokine storm associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 with observed improvements. However, this d...

    Authors: Shazia Abdullah, Nihal Bashir and Nageena Mahmood

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:426

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Elevated intracranial pressure is a potentially catastrophic complication of neurologic injury in children. Successful management of elevated intracranial pressure requires prompt recognition and therapy direc...

    Authors: Lama S. Al-Mansour, Abdulrahman A. AlRasheed, Khaled R. AlEnezi and Hamza M. AlAli

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:418

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia is a developmental defect of the posterolateral portion of the diaphragm. This defect may allow abdominal contents to abnormally occupy the thoracic cavity, resulting in most cas...

    Authors: Luis Alfonso Machado Contreras, Stephanie Paola Retamoso Díaz, Gerardo Valencia, Luis Carlos Morales and María José Herrera Bedoya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:424

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Krukenberg tumors are uncommon and are indicative of an ovarian metastatic carcinoma that originates from another site of primary malignancy. The majority of metastases to ovaries are derived from the stomach ...

    Authors: Chorong Kim, Yoon Hyeon Hu, Kyoungyul Lee, Hyang Ah Lee, Dong Hun Lee and Yung-Taek Ouh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:413

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Infections with nontyphoidal Salmonella most commonly cause a self-limited gastroenteritis in humans and are the leading source of foodborne illness. In the USA, the incidence of culture-confirmed invasive Salmon...

    Authors: Luxi Chen, Temitayo Olojo and Bader Aldeen Alhafez

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:389

    Content type: Case report

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  16. We report a case of light chain proximal tubulopathy associated with lupus nephritis in a patient known to have systemic lupus erythematosus. The kidney can be injured in several ways in any of these disorders...

    Authors: Wael Mostafa Hamza and Ahmed Mohammed AlEssa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:388

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Only 14 cases of leiomyoma with ureteral origin have been reported previously. Such primary leiomyomas often present as hydronephrosis, making the diagnosis difficult. Radical nephroureterectomy is often perfo...

    Authors: Shingo Morinaga, Shigeyuki Aoki, Motoi Tobiume, Genya Nishikawa, Hiroyuki Muramatsu, Toyonori Tsuzuki, Reiko Saiki, Junko Hashimoto, Kaori Mori, Yoko Yamaguchi, Akari Kobayashi, Tomoko Sawada, Ruriko Futamachi and Yoshiaki Yamada

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:423

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Epignathus is a rare, benign, congenital teratoma of the hard palate with an estimated incidence of 1 in 200,000 live births. Epignathus frequently leads to a high mortality (80–100%) due to airway obstruction...

    Authors: Fabrice Lele Mutombo, Jason Nzanzu Kikuhe, Noé Kasereka Mwanamolo, Marc H. Erickson, Neil Wetzig and Médard Kabuyaya Kakule

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:422

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Polycystic liver disease is a clinical feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, and it can sometimes cause health damage more serious than polycystic kidney. Dialysis therapy can be used for re...

    Authors: Daichi Akuzawa, Yoichiro Uchida, Takuya Ishimura, Hiroko Kakita, Tomomi Endo, Naomi Matsuzaki, Hiroaki Terajima and Tatsuo Tsukamoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:421

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Primary ovarian high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma is a very rare disease. Even though it has poor prognosis, the gold standard treatment has not been established owing to its rarity. This report aimed to ...

    Authors: Ji Sun Lee, Dayong Lee, Jisun Lee, Man-Hoon Han, Dae Gy Hong and Hyun Jung Lee

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:387

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Hemoglobin S and E are commonly occurring hemoglobin variants among distinctly separate tribal populations of Central and Northeast India, respectively. Combined heterozygosity for hemoglobin S and E or hemogl...

    Authors: Noymi Basumatary, Dipankar Baruah, Paresh Kumar Sarma and Jatin Sarmah

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:386

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The presence of uterine endometrial polyps is associated with not only abnormal uterine bleeding but also infertility, so the use of hysteroscopic polypectomy has been increasing. This operation is considered ...

    Authors: Asuka Okamura, Eriko Yano, Wataru Isono, Akira Tsuchiya, Michiko Honda, Ako Saito, Hiroko Tsuchiya, Reiko Matsuyama, Akihisa Fujimoto and Osamu Nishii

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:384

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Ectopic breast tissue is present in 2–6% of women. Ectopic breast cancer represents an uncommon disease accounting for about 0.3% of all breast neoplasms, limiting the available evidence. Thus, we aim to repor...

    Authors: S. Sghaier, M. GHalleb, I. Marghli, A. Bouida, J. Ben Hassouna, R. Chargui and K. Rahal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:412

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The oblique lateral interbody fusion technique has received increasing attention for the treatment of degenerative disc disease in recent years. A series of complications have been reported, such as vascular i...

    Authors: Chen Liu, Yu Zhang, Xin Ge, Liang Xiao and Hongguang Xu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:381

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Patients who undergo peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at risk of gut bacteria translocation leading to peritonitis when there is chronic diarrhea. Chronic diarrhea is defined as any course of diarrhea that lasts a...

    Authors: Nor Fadhlina Zakaria, Nurul Izah Ahmad, Elmina Mokhtar, Wan Zul Haikal Hafiz Wan Zukiman and Anim Md Shah

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:420

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Acetamiprid is a potent new first-generation neonicotinoid insecticide in agricultural practices. It is well described that it has low toxicity among animals and is lethal if consumed in large amounts. However...

    Authors: Selladurai Pirasath, Rajaram Senthuran, Chandrakulasegeran Athirayan, Mathyasekeran Gevakaran, Mahesan Guruparan and Ariaranee Gnanathasan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:419

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Neurofibromatosis type 1 causes various lesions in many organs including the skin, and the incidence of complications with intracranial aneurysms is 9–11%. Here we report a case of neurofibromatosis type 1 wit...

    Authors: Tatsuya Uchida, Kenichi Amagasaki, Atsushi Hosono and Hiroshi Nakaguchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:411

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Varicella zoster virus is a Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) virus exclusively affecting humans. Reactivation of varicella zoster virus causes herpes zoster with vesicular eruptions in a restricted dermatomal distr...

    Authors: Chamara Dalugama, Ruwanthi Jayasinghe, Nimanthi Rathnayaka and Arjuna Medagama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:380

    Content type: Case report

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  29. There is no established treatment for fetal growth restriction during pregnancy. We report two cases that represent an example of an amnioinfusion-based management strategy for severe fetal growth restriction ...

    Authors: Daisuke Katsura, Yuichiro Takahashi, Shigenori Iwagaki, Rika Chiaki, Kazuhiko Asai, Masako Koike, Shunichiro Tsuji, Fuminori Kimura and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:416

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Inflammatory pseudotumor-like follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare histological variant of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma involving typically the spleen and the liver, often linked to the presence of...

    Authors: Ana Daniela Pascariu, Andreea Ioana Neagu, Andrei Valentin Neagu, Alexandru Băjenaru and Cezar Iulian Bețianu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:410

    Content type: Case report

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  31. This paper describes a case of antiphospholipid syndrome-like condition caused by coronavirus disease 2019. The medical community still faces many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges vis-à-vis coronavirus di...

    Authors: Fatemeh Bahramnezhad, Banafsheh Ghorbani, Meysam Ghaedrahamt and Hamidreza Jamaati

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:408

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Plurihormonal pituitary adenomas are a unique type of pituitary adenomas that secrete two or more pituitary hormones normally associated with separate cell types that have different immunocytochemical and ultr...

    Authors: Ebtesam Allehaibi, Mussa H. AlMalki and Imad Brema

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:407

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Sudden cardiac arrest during spinal anesthesia is a rare event. However, its management by an unprepared team is difficult and carries poor outcomes. Hypoglycemia as the cause of sudden cardiac arrest is rarel...

    Authors: Temesgen Tilahun and Guteta Gudina

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:376

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Limbic encephalitis is an autoimmune neurologic disorder, often of paraneoplastic origin, that seldom complicates prostatic tumors. The nonspecificity of symptoms makes the diagnosis sometimes difficult to est...

    Authors: Omar Karray, Sven Tolner, Naïm Yarak, Maguy Cherfan, Mihaela Dana Cosma, Walid Sleiman, Philippe Niclot, Jean Louis Dubost, Patrick Coloby and Stéphane Bart

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:405

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the fourth most common malignancy in children, and it is not considered to be a hereditary disorder. However, it could affect members from the same family.

    Authors: Naya Talal Hassan, Ebrahim Makhoul, Jafar Sallameh, Abdulmunem Ghanem, Samer Rajab, Waseem Ali and Zuheir Alshehabi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:375

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor are commonly used to treat macular diseases, including diabetic macular edema. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs can enter the sys...

    Authors: Miwako Yoshimoto, Nobuhiko Takeda, Takayuki Yoshimoto and Shun Matsumoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:403

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Erythrocyte pyruvate kinase is expressed under the control of the PKLR gene located on chromosome 1q21. Pyruvate kinase catalyzes the final steps of the glycolytic pathway and creates 50% of the red cell total ad...

    Authors: Ahalyaa Sivashangar, Lallindra Gooneratne, Barnaby Clark, David Rees, Saroj Jayasinghe and Claire Laas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:374

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Subdiaphragmatic abscesses are sometimes caused by intraabdominal infections. We report a case of endoscopic ultrasound-guided transgastric drainage.

    Authors: Tomoya Takami, Hiroshi Takihara, Koji Yasuda, Nozomi Kasyu, Hiroyuki Yoshitake, Hiroshi Shintani, Naoki Kataoka, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi and Shinichiro Makimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:396

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Serotonin toxicity is a known side effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and has previously also been described as a possible side effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonist (triptan) medicatio...

    Authors: Gilbert Jin and Philip Stokes

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:371

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia is a myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by the infiltration of blood and bone marrow by immature monocytes. Cerebral localization of chronic myelomonocyti...

    Authors: Clémence Haméon, Cécilia Rousselot, Flavie Arbion, Justine Cibron, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Christophe Destrieux, Olivier Hérault and Emmanuel Gyan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:368

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors are defined by the World Health Organization as “a collection of rare mesenchymal tumors composed of histologically and immunohistochemically distinctive perivascular epith...

    Authors: Ali McBride, Andrew J. Garcia, Lauren J. Sanders, Kelly Yiu, Lee D. Cranmer, Phillip H. Kuo, Matthew Kay and Andrew S. Kraft

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:400

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Proton pump inhibitors are frequently used (and often overused) medications with adverse effects including vitamin B12 deficiency, Clostridium difficile colitis, and increased risk of chronic kidney disease. Erec...

    Authors: Theodore W. Perry

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:360

    Content type: Case report

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  43. When diagnosing and treating neck masses, various diseases need to be considered, including benign or malignant tumors, lymph node-related diseases, and cysts. Thus, there may be cases in which making a defini...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Kaneko, Mami Deguchi and Hisashi Yano

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:402

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Leptospirosis is an underdiagnosed bacterial infection with nonspecific symptoms, hence, a diagnostic challenge. Identifying a case of leptospirosis in Switzerland is uncommon. Although kidney complications ar...

    Authors: Marc Weiner, Matteo Coen, Jacques Serratrice, Thomas A. Mavrakanas and Antonio Leidi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:358

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:434

  45. Langerhans cells belong to the histiocytic system and give rise to two tumors: Langerhans cell histiocytosis and Langerhans cell sarcoma. Clinical aggressiveness and degree of atypia distinguish the two neopla...

    Authors: Marah Hamdan, Jesse C. Qiao and Vid Fikfak

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:357

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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