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  1. Pneumomediastinum and pneumorrachis are rare complications following epidural analgesia, that can either be asymptomatic or rarely can produce mild to moderate severity symptoms. Most reported cases regarding ...

    Authors: Maria Fountoulaki, Emmanouil I. Kapetanakis, Niki Kouna, Nikolaos Papagiannis and Tatiana Sidiropoulou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:263
  2. The duplex kidney is one of the common congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. We present two cases of renal tumor accompanied with ipsilateral duplex kidney. The image of the tumor, renal artery...

    Authors: Tuan Thanh Nguyen, Minh Sam Thai, Quy Thuan Chau, Ryan W. Dobbs, Ho Yee Tiong, Duc Minh Pham, Ho Trong Tan Truong, Kinh Luan Thai, Huynh Dang Khoa Nguyen, Thanh Thien Huynh, Huu Phuoc Le and Xuan Thai Ngo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:262
  3. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is an indispensable part of the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Although, mild cutaneous toxicities like mucocutaneous xerosis, rash, and pruritus are well repor...

    Authors: Aisha Jamal, Rafia Hassam, Qurratulain Rizvi, Ali Saleem, Anum Khalid and Nida Anwar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:261
  4. We present the case of a woman with cancer, which weakened the immune system and increased the risk of infection. Thus, infections are a frequent complication of cancer. The development of community-acquired p...

    Authors: Lilia Jannet Saldarriaga Sandoval, Modesta Alcántara Rojas and Fabiola Pinedo Idrogo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:260
  5. Wandering spleen is a rare clinical entity in which the spleen is hypermobile and migrate from its normal left hypochondriac position to any other abdominal or pelvic position as a result of absent or abnormal...

    Authors: Yitagesu aberra shibiru, Sahlu wondimu and Wassie almaw
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:259
  6. Angiosarcoma of the adrenal gland is a very rare malignant vascular neoplasm. The clinical symptoms are atypical or completely absent. Angiosarcomas of the adrenal gland are therefore often discovered incident...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Lederer, Stefanie Zimmer, Rabea Margies, Philipp Krettek and Thomas J. Musholt
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:258
  7. Mucosal melanoma, an aggressive type of malignancy different from the cutaneous melanomas commonly seen in the head and neck region, represents < 1% of all malignant melanomas. The pathogenesis of mucosal mela...

    Authors: Saurabh D. Chitnis, Nolan B. Seim and Kari Kendra
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:257
  8. Early diagnosis of prostate cancer is key to achieving a cure and its proper management leads to a good prognosis. In Ghana a large percentage of patients present with advanced disease and unusual presentation...

    Authors: Mawuenyo Attawa Oyortey, Kekeli Kodjo Adanu and Mahamudu Ayamba Ali
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:256
  9. A central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign, proliferative, intraosseous, and non-odontogenic lesion occurring primarily in children and young adults. On the histological level, it is characterized by nu...

    Authors: Salma Tabatabaei, Maryam Paknahad, Javad Garmabi and Farhad Ghorbani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:255
  10. Metastatic Crohn’s disease is a rare disorder characterized by various granulomatous skin lesions that occur independently of gastrointestinal tract involvement. However, currently there is no standardized car...

    Authors: Tanja Elger, Johanna Loibl, Christa Buechler, Sebastian Haferkamp, Jens Werner, Konstantin Drexler, Ulrich Hohenleutner, Karsten Guelow, Claudia Kunst, Arne Kandulski, Pia Goeggelmann, Martina Mueller and Hauke Christian Tews
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:252
  11. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the dominant primary renal malignant neoplasm, encompassing a significant portion of renal tumors. The presence of synchronous yet histologically distinct ipsilateral RCCs, howeve...

    Authors: Mohamed Sakr, Merhan Badran, Sarah Ahmed Hassan, Mohamed Elsaqa, Mohamed Anwar Elwany, Nevine M. F. El Deeb and Mohamed Sharafeldeen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:250
  12. Within the spectrum of melanocytic-differentiated tumors, the challenge faced by pathologists is discerning accurate diagnoses, with clear cell sarcoma of soft tissues standing out as a rare and aggressive neo...

    Authors: Soufiane Abdouh, Imane Boujguenna, Abdelwahed Soleh, Imad Abkari and Hanane Rais
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:249
  13. Gastroparesis is a condition that affects the motility of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, causing a delay in the emptying process and leading to nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal pain. Motility ...

    Authors: Muhammad Haseeb-Ul-Rasool, Ahmed Elhawary, Utsow Saha, Arshia Sethi, Gowri Swaminathan and Hazem Abosheaishaa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:248
  14. Bacterial infection of embryo culture medium is rare but may be detrimental. The main source of embryo culture contamination is semen. Assisted reproduction centers currently lack consensus regarding the metho...

    Authors: Eva Berkes-Bara, Annamaria Nemes, Beata Dudas, Kata Joo, Akos Murber, Gyorgyi Fekecs, Janos Urbancsek and Peter Fancsovits
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:247
  15. Evaluating isolated extremity discomfort can be challenging when initial imaging and exams provide limited information. Though subtle patient history hints often underlie occult pathologies, benign symptoms ar...

    Authors: Amirhossein Kamalinia, Asal Seifaei, Seyed Arman Moein and Hamid Namazi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:251
  16. Thrombotic events are more than twice as common in inflammatory bowel disease patients as in the general population. We report an interesting and rare case of portal vein thrombosis as a venous thromboembolic ...

    Authors: Marouf Alhalabi, Duaa Nasri and Widad Aji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:246
  17. Natalizumab is a monoclonal antibody used to treat patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis. Anemia is a recognized side effect, but it is usually mild and of a short duration when natalizumab is s...

    Authors: Lars Henrik Dahl Hamnvik, Geir E. Tjønnfjord, Signe Spetalen and Jakob Dalgaard
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:245
  18. Danon disease is a lysosomal storage disorder with X-linked inheritance. The classic triad is severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myopathy, and intellectual disability, with different phenotypes between both g...

    Authors: Rayco Jiménez-Bolaños, Francisco Hernández-Fernández, Jorge García-García, Óscar Ayo-Martín, Laura del Rey Megias, Juan David Molina-Nuevo and Tomás Segura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:244
  19. Mutations in the GJB2 gene, which encodes the protein connexin 26 and is involved in inner ear homeostasis, are identified in approximately 50% of patients with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss, m...

    Authors: Cem Yeral, Lutfu Seneldir, Arzu Hediye Karakoc, Aleyna Sap and Oguz Yilmaz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:241
  20. An ascending aortic thrombus is exceedingly rare. Two instances have been reported in the setting of lung cancer, but only after cisplatin use, which is associated with hypercoagulability. We present the first...

    Authors: Chirag Mehta and Fatima Raza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:243
  21. People with achondroplasia exhibit distinct physical characteristics, but their cognitive abilities remain within the normal range. The challenges encountered during surgical procedures and perioperative care ...

    Authors: Hussein Samir Elrukby, Khalid Mohamed Abd Elhafiz Mohamed and Elamin Mohamed Elamin Hamed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:240
  22. Although viscosupplementation is a commonly used treatment for osteoarthritis and is widely regarded as a safe treatment option, it is associated with the rare complication of pseudoseptic arthritis. Most exis...

    Authors: Rae Tarapore, Sierra Lindsey, Paige Strickland and Robert McKinstry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:242
  23. Radiation proctitis (RP) is a significant complication of pelvic radiation. Effective treatments for chronic RP are currently lacking. We report a case where chronic RP was successfully managed by metformin an...

    Authors: Mau-Shin Chi, Ping-Hsun Hsieh, Shu-Han Huang, Ho-Chi Hsu and Kwan-Hwa Chi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:239
  24. Mesonephric adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare subtype of uterine cervical cancer that is associated with a poor prognosis and for which a standardized treatment protocol has not been established. Carbon ion ...

    Authors: Nao Kobayashi, Takahiro Oike, Ken Ando, Kazutoshi Murata, Tomoaki Tamaki, Shin-ei Noda, Kayoko Kogure, Sumihito Nobusawa, Tetsunari Oyama and Tatsuya Ohno
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:228
  25. Perioperative symptomatic carotid artery occlusion after carotid endarterectomy is a rare complication. In this study, we present a case of symptomatic acute carotid artery occlusion that occurred after caroti...

    Authors: Shin Hirota, Masataka Yoshimura, Junshi Cho, Toshihiko Hayashi, Azumi Kaneoka, Kei Ito, Juri Kiyokawa and Shinji Yamamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:226
  26. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a novel form of rapidly reversible heart failure occurring secondary to a stressor that mimics an acute coronary event. The underlying etiology of the stressor is highly variable an...

    Authors: Damanpreet Dev, Mohammed El-Din, Siddharth Vijayakumar and Rayno Navinan Mitrakrishnan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:238
  27. Mature cystic teratoma co-existing with a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is a rare tumor that few cases have been reported until now. In these cases, either a benign teratoma is malignantly transformed into adeno...

    Authors: Mahboobeh Chahkandi, Farnaz Mozayani, Ali Fanoodi, Amir Reza Bina and Amir Reza Ebrahimian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:232
  28. The greater omentum comprises peritoneal, adipose, vascular, and lymphoid tissues. Most omental malignancies are metastatic tumors, and the incidence of primary tumors is rare. We report on a prior omental smo...

    Authors: Yukari Ono, Yoichiro Okubo, Kota Washimi, Yo Mikayama, Tsunehiro Doiuch, Chie Hasegawa, Emi Yoshioka, Kyoko Ono, Manabu Shiozawa and Tomoyuki Yokose
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:222
  29. Pregnancy imposes significant physiological changes, including alterations in electrolyte balance and renal function. This is especially important because certain disorders might worsen and make people more su...

    Authors: Vijay Sundarsingh, R. Manoj Kumar, Manjunath Kulkarni, Firas Rauf Mammoo, Pramela Renisha Rodrigues and Y. M. Prashanth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:236
  30. Peripheral ossifying fibroma is a nonneoplastic inflammatory hyperplasia that originates in the periodontal ligament or periosteum in response to chronic mechanical irritation. Peripheral ossifying fibroma dev...

    Authors: Ryo Takagi, Kosei Mori, Takashi Koike, Sayumi Tsuyuguchi, Kengo Kanai, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Mitsuhiro Okano, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Aya Tanaka, Kinue Kurihara, Kazumichi Sato, Ken Ishizaki, Yuichiro Hayashi and Yorihisa Imanishi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:220
  31. Adult nephrotic syndrome is a well-known kidney disease that causes heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, edema, and hypertension. The treatment varies according to its underlying cause but...

    Authors: Arisa Mizukawa Yoshida, Naohi Isse, Ryoma Shioji and Kazuharu Sunami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:237
  32. Parotid gland agenesis is a rare, congenital, usually asymptomatic disorder. Until now, only 24 cases with unilateral, incidentally found, parotid gland agenesis have been described. Here, we present the first...

    Authors: Aris I. Giotakis, Christos Masaoutis, Alexander Delides and Evangelos I. Giotakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:231
  33. Mantle cell lymphoma is a rare lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract that may present as multiple lymphomatous polyposis. We report a case of lymphomatous polyposis with a review of the literature.

    Authors: Toukilnan Djiwa, B. B. S. Koui, N. A. Aman, Z. I. Coulibaly, M. Kouyate and K. E. Kouame
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:219
  34. Amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction (AIT) is a side-effect associated with the use of Amiodarone for the treatment of refractory arrythmias. Resulting hyperthyroidism can precipitate cardiac complications, ...

    Authors: Yoann Aubry, Michel Dosch and Marc Y. Donath
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:235
  35. Nexplanon implants are a common hormonal contraceptive modality. Though rare, these devices can embolize into the injured wall of the basilic vein, through the right heart, and finally wedge itself into a pulm...

    Authors: Edward K. Maybury, Zachary C. Affrin, Christian Popa, Max Fowler, Bryan D. Laliberte and Sarah C. Clarke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:234
  36. Vaginal metastasis from colorectal cancer is a rare occurrence, typically associated with other metastatic lesions. Isolated metastasis is exceedingly uncommon, with only a few cases documented in the literatu...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Ines Zemni, Mohamed Ali Ayadi, Ayoub Ghazouani, Nadia Boujelbene and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:233
  37. Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare clinically benign, pigmented, tumor of neural crest origin which commonly occurs in the maxilla. It is a rare tumor that may pose difficulty in diffe...

    Authors: Mesfin Asefa and Tedros Hailu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:230
  38. Orbital metastasis is a possible complication of small cell lung cancer and a pattern of bilateral invasion of the extraocular muscles has rarely been reported in literature.

    Authors: João Ponces Ramalhão, Beatriz Costa Vieira, Diogo Rodrigues, Miguel Gonçalves Afonso, João Gouveia, Pedro Manuel Baptista and Maria Araújo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:216
  39. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is an immunosuppressive drug that is frequently prescribed to patients with rheumatological diseases. MMF’s side effects include abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and other ga...

    Authors: Ziyad Alakkas, Abdulaziz M. Gari, Sara Makhdoum and Eman A. AlSindi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:229
  40. Pembrolizumab (PEM), an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI), is often used for triple-negative breast cancer, but can also be used to treat solid tumors that exhibit high microsatellite instability (MSI-High). H...

    Authors: Keiko Inakami, Noriko Fujita, Chikage Iguchi, Yukie Enomoto, Junya Minohata, Atsushi Sata, Yoshimasa Miyagawa, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Tomokazu Saitoh, Takashi Nomura, Yuka Sawai, Keiko Takahara, Tsutomu Kasugai and Eiichi Shiba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:214
  41. Prevotella heparinolytica is a Gram-negative bacterium that is commonly found in the oral, intestinal, and urinary tracts. It has been extensively studied in lower respiratory tract infections in horses, which ha...

    Authors: Jiongzhou Sun, Xun Xu, Shiyuan Gao, Qiong Pan, Zian Liu, Yiwen Huang and Yixin Lian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:213
  42. Non-pancreatic pseudocysts are rare lesions that typically form from the omentum and mesentery. These cysts have a thick fibrotic wall made up of fibrous tissue and may show signs of calcifications and inflamm...

    Authors: Yohannis Derbew Molla, Aklilu Yiheyis Abraha, Yilkal Ademe Belay, Bewketu Abebe Alemu, Hirut Tesfahun Alemu and Samuel Addisu Abera
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:212
  43. Sprengel’s deformity is a congenital abnormality of the shoulder girdle. Because scapular retraction, such as the Green procedure, is usually performed during childhood to improve esthetics and shoulder functi...

    Authors: Shun Otsuka, Yuki Tamaki, Masaki Matsushita, Naoyuki Hatayama and Munekazu Naito
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:211
  44. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) accounts for about 1% of all tuberculosis cases and about 5% of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases. However, it poses major importance because approximately half of those affected d...

    Authors: Guive Sharifi, Mohammad Ansari, Elmira Mahmoudi Chalmiani, Farid Javandoust Gharehbagh and Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:210
  45. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that leads to significant disability and morbidity, characterised by the formation of heterotopic hard tissues within connecti...

    Authors: Sughashini Murugesu, Benjamin P. Jones, Paul Serhal and Jara Ben-Nagi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:227
  46. We present a severe neonatal consequence due to the unexpected and crucial inversion of the fetal position after sudden termination of tocolysis during early labor of a woman with congenital uterine anomaly. I...

    Authors: Jiro Abe, Takashi Nasu, Ayumu Noro and Junko Tsubaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:209

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