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  1. The involvement of vital organs in multiple myeloma (MM) with systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis can lead to acute organ failure. In this case, the fear of recurrence or progression of multiple myel...

    Authors: R. Al-Zoairy, A. Viveiros, H. Zoller, S. Schneeberger, G. Oberhuber, E. Gunsilius, H. Tilg, D. Wolf and J. D. Rudzki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:201

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus and causes cystic lesions in the liver and lungs commonly. It is endemic in many parts of the world, and though humans are incidental hosts ...

    Authors: Jay Lodhia, Samwel Chugulu, Adnan Sadiq, David Msuya and Alex Mremi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:200

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The choroid is the most common site for intraocular tumor metastasis because of its abundant vascular supply. However, choroidal metastasis in penile cancer is highly unusual. Here, we report the first case of...

    Authors: Shanshan Li, Haifeng Zhao, Cui Qiu and Changfan Wu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:199

    Content type: Case report

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  4. During pregnancy, the discovery of adnexal masses remains frequent. Such masses are mostly benign. Ovarian endometrioma is a rare etiology. The diagnosis may be difficult in some situations, such as decidualiz...

    Authors: Hadiza Moutari Soule, Sofia Jayi, Tigani Guirema Madi, Alpha Boubacar Conte, Fatima Zohra Fdili Alaoui, Hikmat Chaara and Moulay Abdelilah Melhouf

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:198

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The management of recurrent ischemic priapism is unclear in contemporary practice. Yet, if left untreated, the condition may evolve into an acute ischemic priapism and in some cases result in erectile dysfunct...

    Authors: Ali Alshahrani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:197

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Anastomotic recurrences of the colon are postulated to arise due to inadequate margins, tumor implantation by exfoliated cells, altered biological properties of bowel anastomosis, and missed synchronous lesion...

    Authors: Pietro Genova, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte, Calogero Cipolla and Gaspare Genova

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:196

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The metallic stent is a new device for relieving the urinary tract in patients with malignant ureteral obstruction with short life expectancy and has been used frequently worldwide for its efficacy and safety....

    Authors: Yasuyuki Miyauchi, Yu Osaki, Hirohito Naito, Hiroyuki Tsunemori, Megumi Itoh, Kenji Kanenishi, Takashi Norikane, Takayuki Sanomura, Yoshihiro Nishiyama and Mikio Sugimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:195

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Abdominal pain is one of the most common complaints by patients in the emergency department. Diarrhea, constipation, and urinary tract infection are the commonest etiologies among these patients, but there are...

    Authors: Mawanane Hewa Aruna Devapriya De Silva, Padmini Kolombage and Sembakutti Kasthuri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:194

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Pregnancy in cycles with the use of assisted reproductive technologies is possible only with the availability of good-quality embryos and a healthy receptive endometrium. The problem of lack of sensitivity of ...

    Authors: I. M. Sapozhak, О. S. Gubar, A. E. Rodnichenko and A. V. Zlatska

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:190

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Extramedullary disease in multiple myeloma often portends a worse diagnosis. In approximately 1% of cases, multiple myeloma may metastasize to the central nervous system as either leptomeningeal involvement or...

    Authors: Long Di, Kevin Huang, Tigran Kesayan, Derek Kroll, Rachid C. Baz, Robert J. Macaulay and Nam D. Tran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:189

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The understanding of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly evolving. Although it is primarily a respiratory illness, other manifestations, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, immune thrombocytopenia, and...

    Authors: Birgitte Tholin, Marit Teigen Hauge, Pål Aukrust, Lutz Fehrle and Tor Henrik Tvedt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:187

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The symptoms of drug-induced hepatic injury are manifold; however, the presence of ascites indicates a severe disease condition. The rapid accumulation of ascites is distressing and requires palliative treatme...

    Authors: Koya Yasuda, Mea Asou, Tomohiko Asakawa and Makoto Araki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:192

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The incidence of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is rare worldwide, and it has a poor prognosis. There is no proven or standard first-line therapy that works for the majority of patients with angioimmunobla...

    Authors: Yudi Xiong, Lei Yang, Jing Dai, Fuxiang Zhou and Yunfeng Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:185

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to the oral cavity is rare. Renal cell carcinoma metastases are regarded as radioresistant tumors and surgery is recommended. However, since metastatic renal cell carcinoma h...

    Authors: Naoto Nishii, Hiroaki Shimamoto, Toshimitsu Ohsako, Misaki Yokokawa, Yuriko Sato, Yae Ohata, Kou Kayamori, Tohru Ikeda and Hiroyuki Harada

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:193

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Premature ovarian failure is characterized by amenorrhea, hypoestrogenism, and hypergonadotropinism, and occurs in women under 40 years of age. The prevalence of premature ovarian failure in women younger than...

    Authors: Danhong Lin, Huibiao Quan, Kaining Chen, Lu Lin, Leweihua Lin and Qun Ji

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:184

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Disorders of water and sodium balance can occur after brain injury. Prolonged polyuria resulting from central diabetes insipidus and cerebral salt wasting complicated by gradient washout and a type of secondar...

    Authors: Nathan Chang, Karley Mariano, Lakshmi Ganesan, Holly Cooper and Kevin Kuo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:183

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Seminoma is the most common subtype of testicular cancer and occurs most commonly in patients aged 30–49 years, but decreases to a very low level in men in their 60s or older.

    Authors: Ahmad Al-Mousa, Mohammad Nour Shashaa, Mohamad Shadi Alkarrash, Mohamad Alkhamis, Lina Ghabreau and Mouhsen Dandal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:182

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Uterine inversion may cause massive hemorrhage, resulting in maternal deterioration and death. Replacement of the inverted uterus must be performed as soon as possible. As time passes, the inverted uterus beco...

    Authors: Daisuke Katsura, Suzuko Moritani, Shunichiro Tsuji, Kounosuke Suzuki, Kazutaka Yamada, Mizuki Ohashi, Fuminori Kimura and Takashi Murakami

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:181

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Determining the infectiousness of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 is crucial for patient management. Medical staff usually refer to the results of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction tests i...

    Authors: Masafumi Kanamoto, Masaru Tobe, Tomonori Takazawa and Shigeru Saito

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:191

    Content type: Case report

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  20. A novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, was first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The virus, known as COVID-19, is recognized as a potentially life-threatening di...

    Authors: Tayebeh Rashidian, Nasibeh Sharifi, Azita Fathnezhad-Kazemi, Fatemeh Mirzamrajani, Sajad Nourollahi and Abas Ghaysouri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:186

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Breast cancer is the cancer with the highest incidence and mortality worldwide. Its treatment is multidisciplinary with surgery, systemic therapy, and radiotherapy. In Colombia, according to Globocan 2018, the...

    Authors: Mauricio Garcia, Dary L. Hernandez, Sara Mendoza, Nelson Buelvas, Angelina Alvarez, Jose Esguerra and Sandra Díaz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:179

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Mixed gestational trophoblastic neoplasms are extremely rare and comprise a group of fetal trophoblastic tumors including choriocarcinomas, epithelioid trophoblastic tumors, and placental site trophoblastic tu...

    Authors: Chunfeng Yang, Jianqi Li, Yuanyuan Zhang, Hanzhen Xiong and Xiujie Sheng

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:178

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The abscopal effect was described as early as the 1950s, when untreated tumors demonstrated a response after radiation therapy was delivered to an untreated, distant site. The mechanisms underlying this global...

    Authors: Samuel A. Kareff, Jonathan W. Lischalk, Rebecca Krochmal and Chul Kim

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:177

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Conjoined twinning is a rare congenital malformation with an incidence of about 1.5 per 100,000 births. Because no consensus has been reached regarding the dysmorphology, thorough descriptions of conjoined twi...

    Authors: Jeske F. M. Bovendeert, Rutger A. J. Nievelstein, Ronald L. A. W. Bleys and Cindy G. J. Cleypool

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:176

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and may occur with lymph node and/or extranodal involvement. Recurrence in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma usually o...

    Authors: Istemi Serin, Avni Ulusoy, Mediha Irem Onar and Mehmet Hilmi Dogu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:175

    Content type: Case report

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  26. New York City has a heterogeneous population with many undocumented and uninsured immigrants from equatorial areas who have a higher incidence of ocular surface squamous neoplasia. To the best of our knowledge...

    Authors: Norman A. Saffra, Trisha S. Emborgo, Codrin E. Iacob and David S. Kirsch

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:174

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Huntington’s disease is a rare, autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor, cognitive, and psychiatric symptoms. Usually, the disease symptoms first appear around the age of 40, but in...

    Authors: Sigita Lesinskienė, Darja Rojaka, Rūta Praninskienė, Aušra Morkūnienė, Aušra Matulevičienė and Algirdas Utkus

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:173

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Fanconi–Bickel syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder of glucose metabolism. It is an extremely rare disorder. Most cases have been reported in consanguineous communities. None of the cases have been repo...

    Authors: Thereza Piloya, Hawa Ssematala, Lydia Paparu Dramani, Oliva Nalikka, Miriam Baluka and Victor Musiime

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:172

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Several human monoclonal antibodies directed against immune checkpoints, including T lymphocyte antigen 4 and programmed cell death protein 1, have been implemented for cancer treatment in order to promote eff...

    Authors: Thachanun Porntharukchareon, Borwonkhun Tontivuthikul, Nattaya Sintawichai and Panudda Srichomkwun

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:171

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Arterial tortuosity is a widespread condition commonly occurring in cerebral arteries and often associated with the elderly. Moderate arterial tortuosity is often not symptomatic, but if there is severe tortuo...

    Authors: Ibrahim F. Naldemir, Elif Nisa Unlu and Omer Onbas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:170

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Langerhans cell tumors are rare clonal disorders characterized by neoplastic proliferation of dendritic cells that can be further classified into the subtypes Langerhans cell histiocytosis and Langerhans cell ...

    Authors: Luis E. Aguirre, Ingrid Schwartz, Jennifer Chapman, Marcelo F. Larsen and Alvaro Alencar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:169

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Primary hepatic lymphoma is a very uncommon disease. Due to its nonspecific clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings, it is often misdiagnosed. Liver biopsy is required to make a final diagnosis. Chemotherap...

    Authors: Eduardo Dantas, Joana Santos, Mariana Coelho, Cristiana Sequeira, Inês Santos, Cláudia Cardoso and Ana Paula Oliveira

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:168

    Content type: Case report

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  33. An ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm is a severe and rare complication following cardiothoracic surgery. This case report demonstrates its possible misinterpretation and the consequent importance of multidiscipl...

    Authors: Marcello Chiocchi, Luigi Spiritigliozzi, Federica Di Tosto, Leonardo Benelli, Francesca D’Errico, Matteo Presicce, Luca Pugliese, Francesca Ricci, Vincenzo De Stasio, Carlo Di Donna, Monia Pasqualetto, Dionisio Ferdinando Colella and Roberto Floris

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:167

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Rates of nipple-sparing mastectomies have increased over the past decade. In 2017, acellular dermal matrix was used in 56% of breast reconstructive procedures, with complication rates similar to operations wit...

    Authors: Avra S. Laarakker, Audrey Rich, Jeffrey Wu and Stephanie Fine

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:164

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has become a routine procedure for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis at increased surgical risk. Not much is known about using prophylactic support with ve...

    Authors: Lukasz Kmiec, Andreas Holzamer, Marcus Fischer, Kurt Debl, Matthäus Zerdzitzki, Christof Schmid, Lars Maier, Michael Hilker and Samuel Sossalla

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:163

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The pharmacological treatment for autism spectrum disorders is often poorly tolerated and has traditionally targeted associated conditions, with limited benefit for the core social deficits. We describe the no...

    Authors: Juliana Andrea Ponton, Kim Smyth, Elias Soumbasis, Sergio Andres Llanos, Mark Lewis, Wilhelm August Meerholz and Robert Lawrence Tanguay

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:162

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Endometriosis, an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disease, is commonly observed in gynecologic practice. Spontaneous hemoperitoneum is a rare but serious complication of endometriosis. Most cases of endometrio...

    Authors: Bong Hyeon Kim, Seong Nam Park and Byoung Ryun Kim

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:160

    Content type: Case report

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  38. J stents are commonly used to support the continuity of the urinary tract. Although intravascular, and more specific intracardiac, migrations have been described, they remain infrequent and unrecognized.

    Authors: Laure Arts, Sofie Willems and Dirk Michielsen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:159

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Primary lymphoma of the colon is exceedingly rare and comprises 0.2–1% of all colon tumors. The most common subtype of lymphoma in the colon is non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Symptoms are often nonspecific, and treatme...

    Authors: Eyal Meir, Chovav Handler, Uri Kaplan, Doron Kopelman and Ossama A. Hatoum

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:157

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Varicella zoster virus central nervous system infections can present as aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis, and vasculopathy. Diagnosis is based on identification of varicella zoster virus deoxyribonuc...

    Authors: Kelli M. Robertson, Christopher L. Harvey and John M. Cunningham

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:156

    Content type: Case report

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  41. We report a case of a 30-year-old patient who presented with acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection that was complicated by reactive arthritis and asymmetric proximal myopathy and progressed to chronic spondyloart...

    Authors: Georgios Pilianidis, Ariti Tsinari, Dimitrios Pandis, Hara Tsolakidou and Nikolaos Petridis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:155

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Van Wyk-Grumbach syndrome refers to the development of isosexual precocious pseudopuberty and multicystic enlarged ovaries in the presence of hypothyroidism and delayed bone age. It is a rare presentation of u...

    Authors: Niranjalee Samanthika Egodawaththe, Sumudu Nimali Seneviratne, Suvini Gunasekara, Sathika Manori Amarasekara and Kumudu Weerasekara

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:166

    Content type: Case report

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  43. A combination of intestinal malrotation and distal cholangiocarcinoma is considered a rare condition and poses some difficulties in surgical management. We present a case of a patient with asymptomatic nonrota...

    Authors: Nassir Alhaboob Arabi, Areej Abdalla Abdoun, Mohamed Osama Ali, Saria Kabashi Elhaj and Sawsan Abuelgassim Mohd.

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:153

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Pancreatic ascites refers to the massive accumulation of pancreatic fluid in the peritoneal cavity and is a rare entity. Chronic alcoholic pancreatitis is the most common cause. Ascites is commonly seen in pat...

    Authors: Raju Bhandari, Rajan Chamlagain, Saraswati Bhattarai, Eric H. Tischler, Rajesh Mandal and Ramesh Singh Bhandari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:154

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Isolated fallopian tube torsion associated with hydrosalpinx is a rare condition in the pediatric population. We present this unusual clinical case study in a sexually inactive girl.

    Authors: Javier Martín-Vallejo, Enrique E. Garrigós-Llabata, Patricia Molina-Bellido and Pedro A. Clemente-Pérez

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:165

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Endometriosis of the appendix is very uncommon, accounting for only about 1% of all cases of endometriosis. However, endometriosis is found in the appendix in approximately 8–13% of patients with deep infiltra...

    Authors: Rogério Serafim Parra, Marley Ribeiro Feitosa, Giovana Bachega Badiale Biagi, Daniel Ferracioli Brandão, Margarida Maria Fernandes da Silva Moraes, Liliane Silvestre, José Vitor Cabral Zanardi, Nelson Hitamo Sato Junior, Omar Féres and José Joaquim Ribeiro da Rocha

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:152

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Subhepatic appendicitis is an exceedingly rare presentation, accounting for 0.01% of acute appendicitis cases. It is of prime importance to be aware of variants and manage such challenging cases accordingly.

    Authors: Mumin Hakim, Rania Mostafa, Mohammed Al Shehri and Sherif Sharawy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:151

    Content type: Case report

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  48. This case report presents a case of a patient with global cerebral infarction of uncertain etiology following an emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. As a result, factor XII deficiency was rev...

    Authors: Keisuke Yoshida, Shiori Tanaka, Yuki Sato, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Kenichi Muramatsu and Masahiro Murakawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:150

    Content type: Case report

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