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  1. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Elise Lupon, Christine Chevreau, Alexandre Gaston Lellouch, Dimitry Gangloff and Thomas Meresse

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:125

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:103

  2. Osimertinib, a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is selective for both epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor–sensitizing and T790M resistance mut...

    Authors: Shinichi Miyazaki, Yasumasa Kuno, Shunsaku Hayai, Ryo Teramachi, Ryo Yamashita, Yusuke Saito, Kosuke Higuchi, Yoshiharu Nara and Takuya Ikeda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:122

    Content type: Case report

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  3. We report two cases (two eyes) of traumatic cyclodialysis with prolonged decrease of intraocular pressure that were successfully treated with surgery by ciliary body suturing using intraocular irrigation.

    Authors: Taishi Nagashima, Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Masanori Fukumoto, Shou Oosuka, Takaki Sato, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida and Tsunehiko Ikeda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:121

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Mammary Paget’s disease is an eczematous eruption on the nipple and areola with underlying breast malignancy. It is often misinterpreted as chronic dermatitis or psoriasis causing a delayed diagnosis. Synchron...

    Authors: Lina Choridah, Wida Kartika Sari, Ery Kus Dwianingsih, Irianiwati Widodo, Suwardjo and Sumadi Lukman Anwar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:119

    Content type: Case report

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  5. High-grade B-cell lymphoma with rearrangements of MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 is an aggressive mature B-cell neoplasm, whereas B-lymphoblastic lymphoma is immature cell proliferation, with a frequent positivity for ...

    Authors: Antonin Bouroumeau, Eleonore Kaphan, Clémentine Legrand, Tatiana Raskovalova, Gautier Szymanski, Claire Vettier, Christine Lefebvre, Marie-Christine Jacob, Anne McLeer, Michel Peuchmaur, Rémy Gressin and Hervé Sartelet

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:117

    Content type: Case report

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  6. The lingual frenulum is a mucous membrane fold found underneath the tongue. It helps the tongue to perform its function. There are few anomalies that can affect the lingual frenulum, such as ankyloglossia and ...

    Authors: Reham O. Filfilan and Soulafa A. Almazrooa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:116

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Re-intervention after Ross procedure into the right ventricular outflow tract might be needed in patients in the long term. However, right ventricular outflow tract re-intervention indications are still unclea...

    Authors: Masao Takigami, Keiichi Itatani, Naohiko Nakanishi, Hiroko Morichi, Teruyasu Nishino, Shohei Miyazaki, Kosuke Nakaji, Michiyo Yamano, Yo Kajiyama, Yoshinobu Maeda, Satoaki Matoba, Hitoshi Yaku and Masaaki Yamagishi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:113

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Tension pneumoperitoneum, a form of abdominal compartment syndrome, is an important clinical condition. Increased pressure in the intraperitoneal cavity leads to respiratory and circulatory instability. Most o...

    Authors: Woo Jin Joo, Yusuke Kuwahara, Yoko Asaka, Daisuke Mizu, Shigeo Hara and Koichi Ariyoshi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:112

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Brain abscesses are relatively rare, but they are a potentially life-threatening condition. Predictive factors for poor outcome are a young age and the presence of multiple abscesses. We report a case of a 15-...

    Authors: Atsuko Kudo-Kubo, Shuichi Shimakawa, Yutaka Odanaka, Naokado Ikeda, Hikaru Kitahara, Hiromitsu Toshikawa, Atsuko Ashida, Miho Fukui, Noriyasu Ozaki, Kanta Kishi, Masahiko Wanibuchi and Akira Ashida

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:111

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is normally induced by ovarian stimulation drugs. Severe cases of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome involve complications such as renal failure and thrombosis. Evidence has re...

    Authors: Haipeng Huang, Yasushi Takai, Kouki Samejima, Tatsuya Narita, Shunichiro Ichinose, Yukiko Itaya, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Naoki Hayashi and Hiroyuki Seki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:110

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Fetal bladder rupture causing urinary ascites is uncommon. It is generally related to invasive fetal medicine procedures or obstructive disorders such as in posterior urethral valves in male fetuses. An except...

    Authors: Florence Cadoret, Edith Brazet, Agnès Sartor, Isabelle Lacroix, Charlotte Casper, Stéphane Decramer and Olivier Parant

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:115

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disorder that involves intraepithelial blistering and sores of the skin and mucous membranes. The average age of onset is between 50 and 70 years. Pemphigus rarely occurs in...

    Authors: Hiba Hasan Khaddour, Diana Zaher, Triak Kassem and Ahmad Hasan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:109

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Premature ovarian failure is a relatively common condition that affects 1–3% of adult women. Premature ovarian failure occurs when there is loss of ovarian function in women younger than 40 years of age. The c...

    Authors: Prosper Igboeli, Abdeljabar El Andaloussi, Ujalla Sheikh, Hajra Takala, Amro ElSharoud, Ashley McHugh, Larisa Gavrilova-Jordan, Steven Levy and Ayman Al-Hendy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:108

    Content type: Case report

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  14. A retroperitoneal abscess caused by duodenal perforation is a relatively rare disease clinically. We report the case of a patient with a local high-density shadow at the head of the retroperitoneal pancreas.

    Authors: Xijin Mao, Ning Yu, Xingfang Jia and Wanfeng Fan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:105

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Leprosy is one of the oldest mycobacterial infections and tuberculosis is the most common mycobacterial infection with a higher degree of infectivity than leprosy. Although both diseases are prevalent in clust...

    Authors: B. S. D. P. Keragala, H. M. M. T. B. Herath, G. H. D. C. Janapriya, S. Vanitha, Thanushah Balendran, Thavarajah Janani, T. S. Keragala and C. N. Gunasekera

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:101

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Conn’s syndrome is a curable condition if identified properly. It is characterized by autonomous secretion of aldosterone from the adrenal gland cortex. Its morbidity is related to the increased risk of cardio...

    Authors: Eiman Alseddeeqi, Ajda Altinoz and Najla Ben Ghashir

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:100

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Peritoneal carcinoma is a rare disease that is diagnosed and treated in a manner similar to ovarian cancer. In most cases, the histological type is serous carcinoma, and chemotherapy is effective. However, the...

    Authors: Sachiko Nagao, Motoki Matsuura, Masato Tamate, Shintaro Sugita and Tsuyoshi Saito

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:99

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Our case of a patient with untreated lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia with extramedullary pleural effusion is the first documented case of pleural fluid MYD88 L265P mutation status in...

    Authors: Martin Barnes, Pritha Sharma, Vikas Kumar, Alan Kaell and William LiPera

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:98

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Chronic calcified subdural empyema is an exceedingly rare central nervous system infection with a handful of cases published to date. Reported cases presented with nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms. The ...

    Authors: Amal Saleh Nour and Kibruyisfaw Zewdie Shumbash

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:95

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Anomalous coronary arteries occur in less than 1% of the population and have been implicated in sudden cardiac and exercise-related death. The most common variant involves the left circumflex artery arising fr...

    Authors: Zeid Nesheiwat, Joseph Eid, Ronak Soni, Paul Harnish, Ebrahim Sabbagh and Ehab Eltahawy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:94

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Hereditary hemochromatosis is an inherited disorder of iron metabolism, characterized by excessive iron deposition in major organs of the body, leading to multi-organ dysfunction. It is a genetically heterogen...

    Authors: Wasanthi Wickramasinghe, Chathurika Karunathilaka, Saroj Jayasinghe and Lallindra Gooneratne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:93

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare malignancy, with 43% being non-functional. These may arise from adrenal rest anywhere in the embryonic pathway of the adrenal glands. In the context of extra-adrenal and retr...

    Authors: Alireza Mirsharifi, Mohammad Vasei, Ehsan Sadeghian, Ali Ghorbani-Abdehgah and Sara Naybandi Atashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:107

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The finding of hematological malignancies within bone marrow in heterotopic ossification has been reported only a handful of times previously in the literature. We described a case of true trilineage hematopoi...

    Authors: Alfredo Borgia, Sofia Manara, Monica Balzarotti, Paolo Vinciguerra and Alessandra Di Maria

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:92

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is currently the gold standard treatment for esophageal cancer prior to surgery. This radiation therapy will sometimes lead to liver damage parallel to esophageal lesions, which m...

    Authors: Sen-Ei Shai, Yuan-Hong Lin, Yi-Ling Lai, Hsiao-Wen Tang, Yao-Wen Hsieh and Shih-Chieh Hung

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:106

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare and aggressive form of sarcoma that arises from a peripheral nerve, mostly in association with neurofibromatosis type 1. Half of the cases were reported in the...

    Authors: Samer Abdel Al, Mohamad K. Abou Chaar, Wafa Asha, Hani Al-Najjar and Maysa Al-Hussaini

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:91

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies comprise a family of autoantibodies that are often used as biomarkers for certain forms of small-vessel vasculitis; however, chronic infections tend to induce the producti...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Baoxian Shi and Hongbing Zeng

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:90

    Content type: Case report

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  27. A singular procedure involving both a distal tibiofibular synostosis resection with syndesmosis repair by peroneus longus ligamentoplasty has not been reported in the English literature. We report a case of si...

    Authors: Michael Margulis, Lior Ben-Zvi, Itzhak Brook and Benjamin Bernfeld

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:104

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Soft tissue sarcomas affecting the root of an upper extremity raise the question of limb amputation depending on their location, size, and malignancy. Malignant triton tumors are a rare subtype of neurofibrosa...

    Authors: Elise Lupon, Christine Chevreau, Alexandre Gaston Lellouch, Dimitry Gangloff and Thomas Meresse

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:103

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:125

  29. In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors have been widely used as a crucial therapy in malignant tumors. Immune checkpoint inhibitors can cause various autoimmune side effects called immune-related advers...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Yamaguchi, Hikaru Nagasawa, Yuji Katagiri and Manabu Wada

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:88

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Nutcracker syndrome is a rare disorder caused by compression of the left renal vein, usually between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. It typically presents with left-sided abdominal pain and hemat...

    Authors: Shawn Banon and Ioannis Skaribas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:102

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Teriparatide is a homolog of human parathyroid hormone (1–34), which is approved for the treatment of postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Several minor and transient side effects have been ...

    Authors: Ali Javinani, Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi and Hoda Kavosi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:87

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Due to its rarity, little is known about the clinical presentations and responses to systemic chemotherapies in advanced and/or metastatic cases of paratesticular liposarcoma.

    Authors: Takuro Noguchi, Toshirou Fukushima, Hiroaki Hara, Nodoka Sekiguchi, Takashi Kobayashi, Takesumi Ozawa, Daisuke Gomi and Tomonobu Koizumi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:86

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Insulinoma is a rare functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor, typically presenting as a sporadic solitary lesion causing hypoglycemia. While these tumors can lead to marked autonomic and neuroglycopenic symptom...

    Authors: Vicki Munro, Laura M. McDonell, Valerie Keough and Ferhan S. Siddiqi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:96

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Immunological causes of parkinsonism are very rare and usually characterized by early presentation, poor response to levodopa, and additional clinical features.

    Authors: Giovanni Stefanoni, Anna Formenti, Lucio Tremolizzo, Andrea Stabile, Ildebrando Appollonio and Carlo Ferrarese

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:84

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder. Thiazides, antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, and antiepileptic drugs are well-known causes of hyponatremia. Proton pump inhibitor use is a rare cause o...

    Authors: Isabel J. B. van der Zalm, Tom J. M. Tobé and Susan J. J. Logtenberg

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:83

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Extra-gastric (particularly colonic) lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue in the immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipient is rare. We report a case of low-volume mucosa-associated lymphoid ti...

    Authors: Kylie Martin, Andrew Taylor, Constantine Tam, Prue Hill, David Machet and David Goodman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:81

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Angiosarcoma is an endothelial malignant tumor; angiosarcoma located in the breast is extremely rare, less than 0.01%. We report a case of a giant angiosarcoma diagnosed postmortem in a 16-year-old girl in a r...

    Authors: Tchin Darré, Luc Valère Codjo Brun, Falilath Seidou, Toukilnan Djiwa, Marie Claire Ballé and Gado Napo-Koura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:80

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Sporotrichosis is a rare fungal infection in transplant patients; among these patients, it occurs mostly in renal transplant patients. Sporothrix schenkii is the primary pathogen responsible. A high index of susp...

    Authors: Mazhar Hussein Amirali, Jacques Liebenberg, Sheylyn Pillay and Johan Nel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:79

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Displaced radial neck fractures in children are challenging to treat. The age of the patient and the degree of angulation are the main criteria to consider when managing these fractures in children. Various su...

    Authors: Alessandra Colozza, Sara Padovani, Gaetano Caruso, Michele Cavaciocchi and Leo Massari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:78

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Lung atelectasis are nonventilated parts of lung tissue and occur as a result of the collapse of the pulmonary parenchyma (alveoli). Various therapeutic procedures for inflating the collapsed pulmonary parench...

    Authors: Alen Protić, Matej Bura and Kazimir Juričić

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:77

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection has become a pandemic disease (coronavirus disease 2019). The infection has moved from China to the rest of the world and Italy represents one of the m...

    Authors: Francesco Spannella, Letizia Ristori, Federico Giulietti, Serena Re, Paola Schiavi, Piero Giordano and Riccardo Sarzani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:82

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Burkholderia cepacia complex is a ubiquitous organism with a high virulence potential. It is found most commonly in moist environments. Hospital outbreaks have been reported from diverse sources such as contamina...

    Authors: Tanisha Bharara, Anita Chakravarti, Mukesh Sharma and Priti Agarwal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:76

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Immunoglobulin M multiple myeloma and Waldenström macroglobulinemia are two different hematological diseases with the common finding of an immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance. Howeve...

    Authors: Simona Elba, Alessia Castellino, Roberto Soriasio, Claudia Castellino, Margherita Bonferroni, Daniele Mattei, Giuliana Strola, Daniela Drandi, Nicola Mordini, Miriam Foglietta, Davide Rapezzi, Ivana Celeghini, Mariella Grasso, Fabrizio Giordano, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni and Massimo Massaia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:75

    Content type: Case report

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  44. This report highlights the first published case of fatal septic shock associated with Clostridium perfringens and Enterococcus avium bacteremia due to infective gastroenteritis.

    Authors: Joseph De Zylva, James Padley, Rassam Badbess and Maneesha Dedigama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:74

    Content type: Case report

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