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  1. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common endocrine disorder and the most frequent benign cause of hypercalcemia. PHPT is characterized by autonomous hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH), regardles...

    Authors: Simone Diedrichsen Marstrand, Charlotte Landbo Tofteng, Anne Jarløv, Line Borgwardt and Peter Schwarz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:471

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome is a rare lymphocyte-related oculorenal inflammatory disease presumed to be associated with drug use and infectious agents. Toxoplasma gondii is one of such patho...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Oya, Hidekazu Futami, Takuya Nakazawa, Kazuyuki Ishijima, Keiko Umemiya, Fumiyoshi Takizawa, Naoki Imai, Hiroshi Kitamura and Ryutaro Matsumura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:482

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Takayasu arteritis is a systemic granulomatous inflammation affecting the large- and medium-sized vessels such as aorta, its main branches, and pulmonary and renal arteries. Childhood Takayasu arteritis is a s...

    Authors: Wafa Alwattar, Rawan Al khudari, Judy Naameh, Jia Batha, Raghad Almajzoub and Basheer Khalil

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:469

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Fixed dilated pupil after ophthalmic surgery or Urrets-Zavalia syndrome occurs after anterior segment surgery and usually relates to postoperative elevation of intraocular pressure. Urrets-Zavalia syndrome res...

    Authors: Duangratn Niruthisard and Ngamjit Kasetsuwan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:467

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that targets Raf serine/threonine receptor tyrosine kinases and inhibits tumor cell growth and angiogenesis. Cutaneous toxicities of sorafenib are common, including ...

    Authors: M. Nazim Abbas, Wei Son Tan and Ganessan Kichenadasse

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:481

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Up to 30% of all scrotal masses are sarcomas. Leiomyosarcoma of the scrotal wall is rare, and its clinical significance and prognosis have not been well defined, since the most reported cases have little or no...

    Authors: Zahra Erfani, Aileen Azari-yam and Seyed Reza Yahyazadeh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:465

    Content type: Case report

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  7. In ineffective erythropoiesis, hepcidin synthesis is suppressed by erythroid regulators, namely erythroferrone and growth differentiation factor-15. For the first time, the hypothesis that iron overload in meg...

    Authors: Nicolas Vallet, Jean-Baptiste Delaye, Martine Ropert, Amélie Foucault, Noémie Ravalet, Sophie Deriaz, Thomas Chalopin, Hélène Blasco, François Maillot, Olivier Hérault and Emmanuel Gyan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:463

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Moxifloxacin is a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone used as a second-line treatment for multiple bacterial infections. Uveitis has been described as an adverse effect related to this medication. Although sever...

    Authors: Nicolás Rivera-Valdivia, Karla Arteaga-Rivera, Juliana Reyes-Guanes, Natalia Neira-Segura and Alejandra de-la-Torre

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:462

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is an important clinical presentation of respiratory complications caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, a novel coronavirus responsible for the ongoing...

    Authors: Yatin Mehta, Chitra Mehta, Saurabh Nanda, Gaurav Kochar, Joby V. George and Manish Kumar Singh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:476

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Systemic lupus erythematous that causes various organ damage is rarely associated with pancreatic lesion. To the best of our knowledge, no cases presenting with hemorrhage shock caused by gastric penetration o...

    Authors: Hideya Itagaki and Suzuki Katuhiko

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:460

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Authorities need to recognize that, while rare, gonorrhea can be transmitted nonsexually, and should not be presumed definitive evidence of abuse. We report the unusual case of a girl diagnosed with Neisseria gon...

    Authors: Felicity Goodyear-Smith and Robert Schabetsberger

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:458

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Pancreatic injury presented as isolated injury in the pediatric population is exceptionally rare, with a conveyed incidence of less than 2% of all abdominal trauma injuries cases and a very controversial manag...

    Authors: Mohamed Eltayeb Abdelrahman Naiem and Nassir Alhaboob Arabi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:474

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Intra-abdominal desmoid tumors are rare soft tissue tumors that arise mainly in the mesentery and pelvis. Their etiology may include genetic mutations, estrogen-associated changes after childbirth, and mechani...

    Authors: Hiroshi Kuwabara, Sou Katayanagi, Itsuki Koganezawa, Masashi Nakagawa, Kenji Katsumata, Akihiko Tsuchida and Shigeyuki Kawachi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:457

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Horseshoe kidney (HK) is one of the most common renal fusion abnormalities, with an incidence of 1:400 in the normal population. However, Wilms tumor (WT) arising in an HK is a rare occurrence. We report the c...

    Authors: Abubakar Garba Farouk, H. A. Ibrahim, A. Farate, S. Wabada and M. G. Mustapha

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:470

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Inhalation injury from smoke or chemical products and carbon monoxide poisoning are major causes of death in burn patients from fire accidents. Respiratory tract injuries from inhalation injury and carbon mono...

    Authors: Ji Hoon Jang, Hang Jea Jang, Hyun-Kuk Kim, Jin Han Park, Hyo-Jung Kim, Kyeong Min Jo, Woon Heo, Se Hun Kim, Tae-Hoon No and Jae Ha Lee

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:456

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Cluster headache is a primary condition characterized by severe headache accompanied by trigeminal autonomic signs. By definition, it is not attributed to underlying etiologies; however, under certain clinical...

    Authors: Joe Munoz-Cerón, Felipe Díaz-Forero, Adriana Buitrago and Sandra Chinchilla

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:468

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Cauda equina syndrome is a rare clinical condition that requires prompt diagnosis and timely surgical decompression with postoperative rehabilitation to prevent devastating complications.

    Authors: Chanil Deshan Ekanayake, Deepal Weerasekera, Dilini Dissanayake, Ranga Wickramarachchi, Saman Pushpakumara and Dumitha Govindapala

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:455

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Anemia is a serious global health problem that affects individuals of all ages but particularly women of reproductive age. Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common causes of anemia seen in women, with ...

    Authors: Audrey L. Chai, Owen Y. Huang, Rastko Rakočević and Peter Chung

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:472

    Content type: Case report

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  19. With the rapidly expanding pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, a chronic immunosuppressed state in solid organ transplant recipients is a concern. We reported coronavirus disease 2019 ...

    Authors: Farah Naghashzadeh, Shadi Shafaghi, Babak Sharif-Kashani, Payam Tabarsi, Leila Saliminejad and Sima Noorali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:453

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Impaction of foreign body is a common condition presented to ear, nose, and throat department among Asian population. The commonest foreign body seen among this population has been documented as fish bone. Fis...

    Authors: Vasanthika Sanjeewanie Thuduvage

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:452

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Troponin levels can be elevated in various diseases other than acute myocardial infarction, including sepsis. In diseases without myocardial necrosis, the elevated troponin levels are relatively low and normal...

    Authors: Naoki Matsunaga, Yuki Yoshioka and Yasushi Fukuta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:466

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Coinfection with dengue and hepatitis A is rare and challenging for physicians since their clinical features can be overlapping. These infections are self-limiting but can become complicated by subsequent infe...

    Authors: Shafiq A. Alemad, Abdulsalam M. Halboup, Khaled Aladeeb, Mohamed Al-Saleh and Nuha Al-Kufiley

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:450

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Computer-assisted surgical navigation systems were initially introduced for use in neurosurgery and have been applied in craniomaxillofacial surgery for 20 years. The anatomy of the oral and maxillofacial regi...

    Authors: Ryo Miyazaki, Akinori Iwasaki, Fumi Nakai and Minoru Miyake

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:464

    Content type: Case report

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  24. AngioJet® is an increasingly used method of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of patients with arterial and venous thromboses. AngioJet® has been shown to cause intravascular haemoylsis un...

    Authors: Tayeba Roper, Muhammad Amaran, Prakash Saha, Cormac Breen and David Game

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:459

    Content type: Case report

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  25. We report a case of Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection with acute pancreatitis as the only presenting symptom. To the best of our knowledge, there are few case reports of the same presen...

    Authors: Abdullah S. Eldaly, Ayman R. Fath, Sarah M. Mashaly and Muhammed Elhadi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:461

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Musical hallucinations are a particular type of auditory hallucination in which the patient perceives instrumental music, musical sounds, or songs. Musical hallucinations are associated with acquired hearing l...

    Authors: Alexandre Montalvo, Eryco Azevedo and Alexandre de Mendonça

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:449

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Placenta accreta is known to be associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality—primarily due to intractable bleeding during abortion or delivery at any level of gestation. The complications could...

    Authors: Nik Lah Nik-Ahmad-Zuky, Azmel Seoparjoo and Engku Ismail Engku Husna

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:448

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome is a rare congenital capillary–lymphatic–venous condition characterized by the clinical triad of capillary malformations (port wine stains), varicose veins with or without venous mal...

    Authors: Franck Katembo Sikakulya, Walufu Ivan Egesa, Sonye Magugu Kiyaka and Philip Anyama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:447

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Differentiating between persistent infection with intermittent viral shedding and reinfection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 remains challenging. Although a small number of cases with gen...

    Authors: Javier García-Abellán, Antonio Galiana, Marta Fernández-González, Nieves Gonzalo-Jiménez, Montserrat Ruiz-García, Angela Botella, Joan Sanchis, Paula Mascarell, Selene Falcón, Mar Masiá and Félix Gutiérrez

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:454

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare and fatal infectious disease of the stomach, presenting varied and nonspecific endoscopic images, which are therefore difficult to diagnose. This report discusses three cases of...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Yakami, Toshihiko Yagyu and Tomoki Bando

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:445

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Immunoglobulin-G4-related hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disease that can present as a tumefactive pituitary lesion mimicking hypophyseal neoplasms such as pituitary adenoma or craniopharyngioma. The lite...

    Authors: Zachary C. Gersey, Kenan R. Rajjoub, Thomas M. Pearce, Scott A. Segel, Paul A. Gardner, Carl H. Snyderman, Eric W. Wang and Georgios A. Zenonos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:446

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a syndrome characterized by acute left ventricular wall motion abnormalities leading to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. It remains an important differential diagnosis for acu...

    Authors: Vishal Patel, Shuli Levy, Iqbal Malik, Michael B. Fertleman and Louis J. Koizia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:451

    Content type: Case report

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  33. We present an unusual bleeding complication in a patient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome in coronavirus disease 2019.

    Authors: Carolin Jung, Hans-Joerg Gillmann, Thomas Stueber and Lukas Hinken

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:444

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Patients with tethered cord syndrome often suffer severe spasticity. To the best of our knowledge, intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy in a patient with tethered cord syndrome has not been reported previously. ...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Satoshi Kidani, Kazu Toyooka, Yuji Ishino, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Aki Nakanami, Kenji Kagechika, Tetsutaro Yahata and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:442

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Very long-chain acyl-coenzyme-A dehydrogenase deficiency is a rare, severe life-threatening metabolic disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, caused by mutations in ACADVL gene. Here we present a genetica...

    Authors: Visvalingam Arunath, Manoj Sanjeewa Liyanarachchi, Sundararajah Gajealan, Eresha Jasinge, Kumudu Weerasekara and Lia Abbasi Moheb

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:441

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a disorder of increased intracranial pressure in the absence of cerebrospinal outflow obstruction, mass lesion, or other underlying cause. It is a rare phenomenon in pre...

    Authors: Nafee T. Talukder, Amanda H. Clorfeine, Moira K. Black and Shade B. Moody

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:440

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Dengue fever and coronavirus disease 2019 have now begun to overlap within tropical and subtropical regions. This is due to the high prevalence of dengue fever in these regions and the current severe acute res...

    Authors: Olga Lucia Agudelo Rojas, María Elena Tello-Cajiao and Fernando Rosso

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:439

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma; its diagnosis is sometimes challenging because it histopathologically resembles neoplastic or reactive spindle cell lesio...

    Authors: Manabu Yamazaki, Satoshi Maruyama, Tatsuya Abé, Yoshimasa Sumita, Yuji Katsumi, Yutaka Nikkuni, Takafumi Hayashi and Jun-ichi Tanuma

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:438

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare inherited disease characterized by extreme hypersensitivity to ultraviolet rays and predisposing to cutaneous malignancies that can appear in childhood. These manifestations are...

    Authors: H. Bencharef, M. Lamchahab, D. Dassouli, S. Sraidi, B. Guennoun, N. Hda, B. Oukkache and A. Quessar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:437

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative coccobacillus that can cause many different kinds of infection, ranging from mild ear infection to life-threatening diseases like epiglottitis and meningitis. Encapsulate...

    Authors: Majid Ali Qureshi, Imran Asad, Adeel Chaudhary and Walid Abuhammour

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:433

    Content type: Case report

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  41. It is extremely rare for primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas to occur singly in the cranial vault. One case diagnosed as primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is reported, initially misdiagnosed as metastatic skul...

    Authors: Tatsuya Uchida, Kenichi Amagasaki, Atsushi Hosono and Hiroshi Nakaguchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:431

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors represent the most frequently encountered primary mesenchymal tumors. Whereas the liver and the peritoneum are known to be the preferential metastasis sites, no therapeutic stan...

    Authors: C. Braunstein, F. Sirveaux, E. Kalbacher, S. Aubry, D. Delroeux, P. Hubert, B. Marie, G. Meynard, I. Mihai and L. Chaigneau

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:428

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Esophageal pressure measurement is a minimally invasive monitoring process that assesses respiratory mechanics in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Airway pressure release ventilation is a rel...

    Authors: Óscar Arellano-Pérez, Felipe Castillo Merino, Roberto Torres-Tejeiro and Sebastián Ugarte Ubiergo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:435

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Neural tube defects are common group of central nervous system anomalies of complex etiology and major public health importance worldwide. The occurrence of multiple neural tube defects, however, is an extreme...

    Authors: Mestet Yibeltal Shiferaw, Atalel Fentahun Awedew, Tsegazeab Laeke T/Mariam, Abenezer Tirsit Aklilu, Yemisirach Bizuneh Akililu and Aemiro Mazengia Andualem

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:429

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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