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  1. Vitamin B12 deficiency can result in macrocytic anemia. Neurologic abnormalities of B12 deficiency include sensory deficits, loss of deep tendon reflexes, movement disorders, neuropsychiatric changes and seizu...

    Authors: Taraneh Dormohammadi Toosi, Farhad Shahi, Ali Afshari, Nader Roushan and Marjan Kermanshahi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:90

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The simultaneous presence of Takayasu's arteritis and Crohn's disease in a patient seems to be rare. To our knowledge, no patient with the combination of Crohn's disease and Takayasu's arteritis has been repor...

    Authors: Nasser E Daryani, Atoosa Nayer Habibi, Mohammad Bashashati, Mohammad Reza Keramati, Moezedin Javad Rafiee, Hossein Ajdarkosh and Mehrdad Azmi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:87

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Cardiac ruptures following acute myocardial infarction include rupture of the left ventricle free-wall, ventricular septal defects, and papillary muscle rupture. Double myocardial rupture is a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Elias I Rentoukas, George A Lazaros, Andreas P Kaoukis and Evangellos P Matsakas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:85

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Granulation tissue formation is a major problem complicating the treatment of upper airway stenosis. We present two cases of recurrent tracheal granulation tissue colonisation by Penicillium species in patients u...

    Authors: Premjit S Randhawa, SA Reza Nouraei, David J Howard, Gurpreet S Sandhu and Michael A Petrou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:84

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Hepatic abscesses have been reported as a rare complication of diverticulitis of the bowel. This complication is recognized more commonly at the time of the diagnosis of diverticulitis, or ruptured diverticula...

    Authors: Maria Chatzipetrou, Efthimios Avgerinos, Efstratios Christianakis, Galinos Barmparas, Nikolaos Pashalidis, Athanasios Stathoulopoulos, Panayiotis Tsatsoulis, Dimitrios Smailis and Dimitrios Filippou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:83

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Immune-compromised subjects, especially those with underlying HIV disease, are prone to be infected with Norwegian scabies, where the cutaneous lesions are classically distributed over the extremities.

    Authors: Ramachandran Vignesh, Esaki Muthu Shankar, Bella Devaleenal, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Shieh Mark Thousen, Ramalingam Sekar, Suniti Solomon and Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:82

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Bleb needling is a recognised procedure in the management of patients with failing trabeculectomies. Suprachoroidal haemorrhage can occur as an unusual complication. We report a pseudophakic man who had early ...

    Authors: Paul S Cannon, A Fiona Spencer and Michael Lavin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:81

    Content type: Case report

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  8. We present an interesting and unusual case of a 61-year-old woman with bilateral, undisplaced, stress neck of femur fractures associated with short-term steroid use. Insufficiency fractures of the neck of femu...

    Authors: Sabahat Gurdezi, Ravi K Trehan and Mark Rickman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:79

    Content type: Case report

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  9. A tracheobronchial foreign body is a rarely mentioned cause of massive hemoptysis. Although an aspirated toothpick is a well-known cause of traumatic injury to the respiratory tract, a similar device called a ...

    Authors: Chun-Ta Huang, Chao-Chi Ho, Yi-Ju Tsai and Pan-Chyr Yang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:78

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Three-dimensional techniques for radiotherapy have expanded possibilities for partial volume liver radiotherapy. Characteristic, transient radiographic changes can occur in the absence of clinical radiation-in...

    Authors: Timothy N Showalter, A Omer Nawaz, Frederick M Fellin, Pramila R Anne, Ernest L Rosato and Adam P Dicker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:76

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Stress cardiomyopathy, also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy or left ventricular apical ballooning, has been linked to emotional or physical stress resulting in transient left ventricular dysfunction. It typi...

    Authors: Apostolos Karavidas, Sofia Arapi, John Fotiadis, Achilleas Zacharoulis and Evagellos Matsakas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:74

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Adult onset Still's disease is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disorder characterized by high spiking fever, polyarthralgia and rash. Lymphadenopathy is a prominent feature of adult onset Still's disease ...

    Authors: Zaher K Otrock, Hassan A Hatoum, Imad W Uthman, Ali T Taher, Shahrazad Saab and Ali I Shamseddine

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:73

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Sudden fever of unknown origin is quite a common emergency and may lead to hospitalization. A rise in body temperature can be caused by infectious diseases and by other types of medical condition. This case re...

    Authors: Fabrizia Bamonti, Gianpaolo Guzzi and Maria Elena Ferrero

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:72

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, also known as Rosai-Dorfman Disease, is a rare and benign source of lymphadenopathy first described in 1969, which mimics neoplastic processes. This disease co...

    Authors: James C Moore, Xiaohui Zhao and Edward L Nelson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:70

    Content type: Case report

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  15. We report a case of optic atrophy, necrotizing anterior scleritis and keratitis presenting in a patient with Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome.

    Authors: Konstantinos I Papageorgiou, Alexander S Ioannidis, Petros S Andreou and Ajay J Sinha

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:69

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Hyperthyroidism is a well established cause of atrial fibrillation (AF). Thyroid Stimulating Hormone-secreting pituitary tumours are rare causes of pituitary hyperthyroidism. Whilst pituitary causes of hyperth...

    Authors: Jyothis T George, Jonathan C Thow, Bruce Matthews, Maurice P Pye and Vijay Jayagopal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:67

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is essential for the evaluation of patients with kidney disease, and for treating patients with drugs that are eliminated from the circulation by the kidneys....

    Authors: Malgorzata Karawajczyk, Mia Ramklint and Anders Larsson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:66

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The insertion of percutaneous central venous catheters is a common procedure in neonatal intensive care nurseries. Placement of the catheter tip in a large central vein is most desirable. Occasionally, due to ...

    Authors: Luke A Jardine, Garry DT Inglis and Mark W Davies

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:63

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Tuberculosis of the parotid gland is a rare clinical entity which causes some difficulties in diagnosis because of the similarities in presentation to that of a neoplasm. Diagnosis mainly relies in the treatin...

    Authors: Hakan Birkent, Serdar Karahatay, Timur Akcam, Abdullah Durmaz and Onder Ongoru

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:62

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is susceptible to injury through various mechanisms, including dissection, which can lead to pseudoaneurysm formation. Pathological processes affecting the ICA, in as...

    Authors: Romy Hoque, Eduardo Gonzalez-Toledo, Alireza Minagar and Roger E Kelley

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:61

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Crohn's disease is a disease involving the whole gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. Oral lesions are considered to be an important extraintestinal manifestation. Granulomatous cheilitis has bee...

    Authors: John K Triantafillidis, Flora Zervou Valvi, Emmanouel Merikas, George Peros, Ourania Nicolatou Galitis and Aristofanis Gikas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:60

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a progressive disease that leads to femoral head collapse and osteoarthritis. Our goal in treating osteonecrosis is to preserve, not to replace, the femoral head.

    Authors: Seok-Jung Kim, Won-Jong Bahk, Cheong-Ho Chang, Jae-Deog Jang and Kyung-Hwan Suhl

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:58

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Patients with bipolar affective disorder can be effectively managed with pharmacological intervention. This case report describes a pregnant woman with a ten-year history of bipolar affective disorder that was...

    Authors: Maxine Gossell-Williams, Horace Fletcher and Steven H Zeisel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:55

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Crohn's disease (CD) can affect any part of the alimentary tract from the mouth to the anus, with most common site being the terminal ileum.

    Authors: Efstratios Christianakis, Nikolaos Pashalidis, Stavroula Kokkinou, Michael Pitiakoudis, Evangelos Mplevrakis, Maria Chorti, Spiros Rizos and Dimitrios Filippou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:54

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Dementia is one of the most important neurological disorders in the elderly. Dementia of tumoral origin is rare and parkinsonism of neoplastic origin is unusual. We herein report a case of gliomatosis cerebri,...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Duron, Anne Lazareth, Jean-Yves Gaubert, Carole Raso, Olivier Hanon and Anne-Sophie Rigaud

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:53

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Infantile haemangioma is the commonest benign tumour in infancy. While the management of the majority of small haemangiomas consists of simply watching or steroid treatment, giant and moderate size infantile h...

    Authors: Abdulzahra Hussain, Hind Mahmood and Hussein Almusawy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:52

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Chordoma is a rare malignant tumour with an incidence of metastasis of less than 10 percent. Usually arising from clivus its posterior extension may involve the brainstem before presenting as nasal mass and ob...

    Authors: Shahid Hassan, Jafri M Abdullah, Shah Jihan Wan Din and Zamzuri Idris

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:49

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Port-site herniation is a rare but potentially dangerous complication after laparoscopic surgery. Closure of port sites, especially those measuring 10 mm or more, has been recommended to avoid such an event.

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Itoh, Nobuaki Fuji, Hiroki Taniguchi, Taiji Watanabe, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Kingo Kashimoto and Kazuyo Naito

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:48

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) thereby acting as an angiogenesis inhibitor. As a result, supply of oxygen and nutrients to tissues is...

    Authors: Dorothy M Gujral, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Peter Hargreaves and Gary W Middleton

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:47

    Content type: Case report

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  30. It has been previously unclear whether a "mild" degree of low carbohydrate or "starvation" ketonemia and acidosis induced by a low carbohydrate diet is clinically relevant to a patient.

    Authors: Swapna Chalasani and Jacqueline Fischer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:45

    Content type: Case report

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  31. We present a case of accelerated tibial fracture union in the third trimester of pregnancy. This is of particular relevance to orthopaedic surgeons, who must be made aware of the potentially accelerated healin...

    Authors: Mudussar A Ahmad, Damayanthi Kuhanendran, Irvine W Kamande and Charalambos Charalambides

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:44

    Content type: Case report

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