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  1. Primary splenic angiosarcoma is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin carrying a very poor prognosis, partly due to its high metastatic potential. This disease presents frequently with splenic rupture and hemorrh...

    Authors: Andreas Manouras, Panagiotis Giannopoulos, Levon Toufektzian, Haridimos Markogiannakis, Emmanuel E Lagoudianakis, Artemisia Papadima, Dimitrios Papanikolaou, Konstantinos Filis and Panagiotis Kekis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:133

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint is rare, comprising approximately 0.5% to 1% of all joint infections. Predisposing causes include immunocompromising diseases such as diabetes, HIV infection, ren...

    Authors: Charita Pradhan, Nicholas FS Watson, Nitin Jagasia, Ray Chari and Jane E Patterson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:131

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Heterotopic bone is rarely found in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report a rare case of metaplastic ossification within a benign ulcerating adenoma and review the literature concerning the aetiology.

    Authors: Victoria White, Aidan G Shaw, Gillian M Tierney, Jonathan N Lund and David Semeraro

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:130

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Angiolipomas are frequently observed benign tumours. They have a typical vascular component and are often located in subcutaneous tissues, and more rarely, in the gastrointestinal tract.

    Authors: Nicola Della Volpe, Luigi Bianco, Claudio Bonuso, Mario Annecchiarico, Pierino Di Silverio and Assunta Caiazza

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:129

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Metastatic tumour involvement of the anal canal is rare. Routine pathological evaluation of haemorrhoidectomy specimens has been suggested to be unhelpful and expensive. Selective rather than routine pathologi...

    Authors: Dorothy M Gujral, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Peter Hargreaves and Gary W Middleton

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:128

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Rheumatic and congenital heart diseases account for the majority of hospital admissions for cardiac patients in India. Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common congenital heart disease with survival to adulthood...

    Authors: Cheemalapati Sai Krishna, Gangireddy Venkateswara Reddy, Mohan Debta and Nanda Kishore Panigrahi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:127

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Breast cancer in men is rare. The evidence about treatment has been derived from data on the management of the disease in women. The usual treatment is for male patients to undergo modified radical mastectomy....

    Authors: Sophocles Lanitis, George Filippakis, Ragheed Al Mufti and Dimitri J Hadjiminas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:126

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Treatment for osteomyelitis-complicating Mycobacterium ulcerans infection typically requires extensive surgery and even amputation, with no reported benefit from adjunctive antibiotics.

    Authors: Daniel P O'Brien, Eugene Athan, Andrew Hughes and Paul D Johnson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:123

    Content type: Case report

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  9. We report a rare case of a ganglion cyst at the elbow causing neurological symptoms by stretching the superficial radial nerve alone. Ganglia associated with radial nerve palsy at the elbow have been reported ...

    Authors: John McFarlane, Ravi Trehan, Miguel Oliveira, Carl Jones, Simon Blease and Paul Davey

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:122

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare tumor with diagnostic and therapeutic problems. The peritoneum is the second most common site for development of mesothelioma, which in 30–45% of cases is associated with a sy...

    Authors: Iftikhar Ahmed, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Javaid Iqbal and Wong C Tan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:121

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The diseases responsible for sudden deaths in athletes differ considerably with regard to age. In young athletes, congenital malformations of the heart and/or vascular system cause the majority of deaths and c...

    Authors: Stefan Vogt, Daniel Koenig, Stephan Prettin, Torben Pottgiesser, Juergen Allgeier, Hans-Hermann Dickhuth and Anja Hirschmueller

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:120

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Neurological symptoms after percutaneous coronary intervention can have grave implications. The symptoms may result from relatively benign conditions like migraine to potentially life-threatening conditions su...

    Authors: Sudipta Chattopadhyay, Manivannan Srinisavan and Phillip Thomas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:119

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Non-specific abnormalities in liver function tests might accompany the clinical course of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can cause the elevation of hepatic enzymes and bilirubin. Jaundice is rare in overt hy...

    Authors: Aliye Soylu, Mustafa Gurkan Taskale, Aydin Ciltas, Mustafa Kalayci and A Baki Kumbasar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:116

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most common histological subtype of cancer in the upper and middle esophagus and is characterized by a high rate of mortality. The incidence of esophageal cance...

    Authors: GB Iwanski, A Block, G Keller, J Muench, S Claus, W Fiedler and C Bokemeyer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:115

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most common peripheral arterial aneurysms, and are frequently bilateral. Acute limb ischemia, rupture and compression phenomena can complicate these aneurysms when the diamet...

    Authors: Theodossios P Perdikides, Efthimios Avgerinos, Efstratios Christianakis, Theofanis Fotis, Anastasios Chronopoulos, Konstantinos X Siafakas, Nikolaos Pashalidis and Dimitrios K Filippou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:114

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Cutaneous mucormycosis is a rare entity related to kidney transplantation. It usually presents with ecthyma-like lesions and black necrotic cellulitis. We report an unusual case of primary cutaneous mucormycos...

    Authors: Nader Nouri-Majalan and Mansour Moghimi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:112

    Content type: Case report

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  17. We report a case of pulmonary metastatic recurrence of renal adenocarcinoma soon after radical nephrectomy that was followed by renal transplant and immunosuppressive medication. Increased risk of metastatic r...

    Authors: Jose Manuel Cozar, Natalia Aptsiauri, Miguel Tallada, Federico Garrido and Francisco Ruiz-Cabello

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:111

    Content type: Case report

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  18. A duodenal Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour (GIST) is a rare finding and until recently advanced disease had a poor prognosis. A PubMed search revealed no reports of more than five years survival of inoperable ...

    Authors: Sayantan Bhattacharya, Amit Kumar Choudhury, Srinivasan Ravi, John Morrissey and George Mathew

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:110

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Breast reconstruction with autologous tissue transfer is now a standard operation, but abnormalities of the abdominal wall contour represent a complication which has led surgeons to invent techniques to minimi...

    Authors: Daniel A Kaemmer, Joachim Conze, Jens Otto and Volker Schumpelick

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:108

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The sensory innervation of the hand is usually unvarying and anomalies in this area are uncommon.

    Authors: Georgios Paraskevas, Christos Ch Gekas, Alexandros Tzaveas, Ioannis Spyridakis, Alexandra Stoltidou and Parmenion Ph Tsitsopoulos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:107

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Prostate cancer is known to have a tendency to metastasize to bone. Skeletal scintigraphy can be used to show multiple lesions. Diffuse metastasis, which is not infrequent in prostate cancer, can also be suspe...

    Authors: Boris L Kanen and Ruud JLF Loffeld

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:104

    Content type: Case report

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  22. We present a case of a man with optic disc pit maculopathy, whose vision improved after vitrectomy combined with glial tissue removal from the optic pit area, and without the use of photocoagulation.

    Authors: Makoto Inoue, Kei Shinoda and Susumu Ishida

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:103

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Valsalva retinopathy is a unilateral or bilateral condition that occurs when increased intra-thoracic or intra-abdominal pressure transmitted to the eye causes a sharp rise in the intra-ocular venous pressure,...

    Authors: Abdullah S Al-Mujaini and Carolina C Montana

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:101

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Castleman's disease is a rare lymphatic polyclonal disorder that is characterised by unicentric or multicentric lymph node hyperplasia and non-specific symptoms and signs including fever, asthenia, weight loss...

    Authors: Ettore Pelosi, Andrea Skanjeti, Angelina Cistaro and Vincenzo Arena

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:99

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Coliform pyosalpinx is a rare entity. We report a case that occurred three months after appendicectomy for gangrenous appendicitis. There follows a literature review on best practice for the treatment of pyosa...

    Authors: Deepak Singh-Ranger, Abayomi Sanusi and Ishrak Hamo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:97

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Platelet counts exceeding 1.000 × 103/μl are usually considered secondary to another cause, particularly to chronic myeloproliferative disease (CMPD). Reactive thrombocytosis due to iron deficiency rarely exceeds...

    Authors: Wieland Voigt, Karin Jordan, Christoph Sippel, Mroawan Amoury, Hans-Joachim Schmoll and Hans H Wolf

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:96

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Pyogenic granuloma or lobular capillary hemangioma remains an etiopathological enigma, with trauma, inflammatory and infectious agents being the commonest suspected causative agents. These lesions affect mucou...

    Authors: Peter M Nthumba

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:95

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Tenofovir is a potent nucleotide analogue reverse-transcriptase inhibitor used with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Despite the absence of renal t...

    Authors: Pinelopi P Kapitsinou and Naheed Ansari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:94

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Vitamin B12 deficiency can result in macrocytic anemia. Neurologic abnormalities of B12 deficiency include sensory deficits, loss of deep tendon reflexes, movement disorders, neuropsychiatric changes and seizu...

    Authors: Taraneh Dormohammadi Toosi, Farhad Shahi, Ali Afshari, Nader Roushan and Marjan Kermanshahi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:90

    Content type: Case report

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  30. The simultaneous presence of Takayasu's arteritis and Crohn's disease in a patient seems to be rare. To our knowledge, no patient with the combination of Crohn's disease and Takayasu's arteritis has been repor...

    Authors: Nasser E Daryani, Atoosa Nayer Habibi, Mohammad Bashashati, Mohammad Reza Keramati, Moezedin Javad Rafiee, Hossein Ajdarkosh and Mehrdad Azmi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:87

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Cardiac ruptures following acute myocardial infarction include rupture of the left ventricle free-wall, ventricular septal defects, and papillary muscle rupture. Double myocardial rupture is a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Elias I Rentoukas, George A Lazaros, Andreas P Kaoukis and Evangellos P Matsakas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:85

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Granulation tissue formation is a major problem complicating the treatment of upper airway stenosis. We present two cases of recurrent tracheal granulation tissue colonisation by Penicillium species in patients u...

    Authors: Premjit S Randhawa, SA Reza Nouraei, David J Howard, Gurpreet S Sandhu and Michael A Petrou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:84

    Content type: Case report

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