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  1. Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a rare anomaly in which both testes descend through a single inguinal canal into the same hemiscrotum. Although almost 20–50% of patients with TTE exhibit persistent Müll...

    Authors: Takashi Nagai, Kentaro Mizuno, Masayuki Usami, Hidenori Nishio, Taiki Kato, Akihiro Nakane, Daisuke Matsumoto, Satoshi Kurokawa, Hideyuki Kamisawa, Tetsuji Maruyama, Takahiro Yasui and Yutaro Hayashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:233

    Content type: Case report

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  2. BCR-ABL1, resulting from t(9;22), is the oncogenic driver of chronic myeloid leukemia and the therapeutic target of the disease. Molecular studies have been the gold standard modality for patient assessment si...

    Authors: Haider Ali Malakzai, Soma Rahmani, Ahmed Maseh Haidary, Sarah Noor, Maryam Ahmad, Abdul Sami Ibrahimkhil and Samuel Sharif

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:231

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown clinically significant antitumor efficacy and have been approved for the treatment of various kinds of advanced malignancies. On the other hand, these immunotherapies sh...

    Authors: Sachiyo Onishi, Masahiro Tajika, Hideaki Bando, Yuki Matsubara, Waki Hosoda, Kei Muro and Yasumasa Niwa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:230

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Neurogenic tumors of the larynx are rare, with few cases having been reported in the literature. Schwannomas are responsible for 0.1% of all benign tumors of the larynx. They arise in the sheaths of the periph...

    Authors: Claudiney Candido Costa, Hugo Valter Lisboa Ramos, Wilder Alves, Pauliana Lamounier, Leandro de Castro Velasco and Mikhael Romanholo El Cheikh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:229

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Osteosarcoma is a malignant tumor of the bone. The giant cell-rich osteosarcoma (GCRO) is a rare histological variant of the conventional osteosarcoma, accounting for 3% of all osteosarcomas. It has a variable...

    Authors: Laura Mosquera-Salas, Nathalia Salazar-Falla, Bladimir Perez, Saveria Sangiovanni, Luz F. Sua and Liliana Fernández-Trujillo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:228

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Primary malignant tumors of the aorta are extremely rare. They are frequently located in the abdominal aorta, followed by the thoracic aorta. Sarcomas are the most common histological type. These tumors origin...

    Authors: Liliana Fernández-Trujillo, Daisy C. Buenaventura and Luz F. Sua

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:226

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Fever, as an adverse event, is well documented in a wide array of drugs including multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitors however, it is not a previously well described consequence of the novel multi-targeted tyro...

    Authors: H. M. N. Chen, M. Morris and P. M. Manders

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:225

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Normal-tension glaucoma is known as a multifactorial optic neuropathy. A number of lines of evidence suggested that vascular factors played a significant role in the development of normal-tension glaucoma. The...

    Authors: Ali Nowrouzi, Javier Benitez-del-Castillo, Sepideh Kafi-abasabadi, Mario Rodriguez-Calzadilla, Antonio Diaz-Ramos, Alejo Rodriguez-Suarez and Inmaculada Mota-Chozas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:224

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The association between non seminomatous germ cell tumors (GCTs) and hematological malignancies of rare lineage has been described in the literature. In some of these cases there is evidence that the leukemia ...

    Authors: M. Spencer Chapman, P. C. May, E. Olavarria and E. Nadal Melsio

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:222

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Choriocarcinoma is an aggressive malignancy of trophoblastic tissue, typically of gestational etiology. Sporadic, nongestational cases are rarely found outside of the gonads. There are only 31 cases of primary...

    Authors: Jessica Boyce, Karine Tawagi and John T. Cole

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:220

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Intraoperative contralateral pneumothorax during one-lung ventilation is a rare but life-threatening complication. Although the exact incidence is unknown, only 14 cases with this complication have been report...

    Authors: Sakiko Kumata, Katsunari Matsuoka, Shinjiro Nagai, Mitsuhiro Ueda, Yoshinori Okada and Yoshihiro Miyamoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:221

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is defined as a sustained raised level of intra-abdominal pressure more than 20 mmHg with or without abdominal perfusion pressure less than 60 mmHg and the development of n...

    Authors: Daisuke Usuda, Kohei Takanaga, Ryusho Sangen, Toshihiro Higashikawa, Shinichi Kinami, Hitoshi Saito and Yuji Kasamaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:219

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Facial baroparesis is a palsy of the seventh cranial nerve resulting from increased pressure compressing the nerve along its course through the middle ear cavity. It is a rare condition, most commonly reported...

    Authors: Jason P. Caffrey, Jason W. Adams, Isabel Costantino, Kristin Klepper, Elina Kari and Lori A. Brown

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:218

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare heterogenous genetic or acquired hyperinflammatory syndrome associated with a high degree of morbidity and mortality. HLH has clinical manifestations related ...

    Authors: Linn Hereide Trovik, Miriam Sandnes, Bjørn Blomberg, Gunhild Holmaas, Aymen Bushra Ahmed, Tor Henrik Anderson Tvedt, Olav Vintermyr and Håkon Reikvam

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:217

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a rare benign chronic inflammatory breast disease. GM presents as a heterogeneous illness with variable clinical presentations, and its diagnosis is usually made by exclusion. Th...

    Authors: Richard Chalmers, Patrick McClellan, Vixey Silva, Natalie Shutt and Carolina Restini

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:215

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Several recent studies suggest the possibility of a skin rash being a clinical presentation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The purpose of this case report is to bring attention to skin manifestations ...

    Authors: Alice Serafini, Peter Konstantin Kurotschka, Mariabeatrice Bertolani and Silvia Riccomi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:216

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Hyperhomocysteinemia is caused by genetic and environmental factors, which can result in systemic arteriosclerosis and arteriovenous thrombosis including acute coronary syndrome. Thrombus burden in patients wi...

    Authors: Keisuke Shoji, Kenji Yanishi, Noriyuki Wakana, Naohiko Nakanishi, Kan Zen, Takeshi Nakamura, Takeshi Shirayama and Satoaki Matoba

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:214

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Pericardial effusion is a rare complication of pancreatic cancer. We report a case of cardiac tamponade secondary to pancreatic cancer.

    Authors: Sachie Kiryu, Zensho Ito, Masashi Ishikawa, Takafumi Akasu, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Shinichi Hirooka, Masayuki Saruta and Shigeo Koido

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:213

    Content type: Case report

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  19. We present a case of a suspected tranexamic acid–related bilateral pulmonary embolism in a healthy and active middle-aged woman who was receiving tranexamic acid for menorrhagia with no other known significant...

    Authors: Ezekiel Oluwasayo Ijaopo, Ruth Oluwasolape Ijaopo and Sampson Adjei

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:212

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Recently, its incidence has been increasing worldwide. We encountered a young woman who presented with induration mimicking ...

    Authors: Satomi Asai, Akihiro Kaneko, Tsukumi Matsuda, Noboru Takanashi, Mika Doi, Haruyo Atsumi, Go Ogura, Naoya Nakamura and Hayato Miyachi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:211

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Since the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic due to the novel coronavirus disease2019, there have been targeted efforts to establish management modalities. Hydroxychloroquine has been suggest...

    Authors: Ivorie Coleman, Gabriel Ruiz, Sumir Brahmbhatt and Lindsay Ackerman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:210

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Müllerian duct anomaly is a rare condition. Many cases remain unidentified, especially if asymptomatic. Thus, it is difficult to determine the actual incidence. Müllerian duct anomaly is associated with a wide...

    Authors: Engku Ismail Engku-Husna, Nik Lah Nik-Ahmad-Zuky and Kadir Muhammad-Nashriq

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:209

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Paravertebral compartment syndrome occurring without trauma is quite rare. We report a case of compartment syndrome that occurred after spinal exercises.

    Authors: Tomofumi Ogoshi, Motoo Yoshimiya, Hiroshi Ichibakase, Takayoshi Kimura, Masafumi Kameoka, Hayato Yoshioka, Takahiro Ueda, Masato Homma and Shinpei Enokida

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:208

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Composite meshes are used for incisional hernia repair because they enable intraperitoneal mesh placement due to their dorsal surface, which is made of inert material. We report, for the first time, to our kno...

    Authors: Pramodh Chandrasinghe, Asantha De Silva, Ayomi Welivita and Kemal Deen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:207

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Acquired hemophilia A is a rare autoimmune disease with clinically often significant bleeding diathesis resulting from circulating autoantibodies inhibiting coagulation factor VIII. Half of acquired hemophilia...

    Authors: Katarzyna A. Jalowiec, Martin Andres, Behrouz Mansouri Taleghani, Albulena Musa, Martina Dickenmann, Anne Angelillo-Scherrer, Alicia Rovó and Johanna A. Kremer Hovinga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:206

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Degos disease is a very rare syndrome with multisystem vasculopathy of unknown cause. It can affect the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and central nervous system. However, other organs such as the kidney, lungs...

    Authors: Santosh Tummidi, Prabhakaran Nagendran, Swaroopa Gedela, Jami Rupa Ramani and Arundhathi Shankaralingappa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:204

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Small cell carcinoma of the prostate is a rare condition with important differences from prostatic adenocarcinoma in terms of clinical and prognostic characteristics. A low prostate-specific antigen and a symp...

    Authors: Eva Van Bos, Peter Dekuyper, Charlotte Gabriel, Marjan Waterloos, Anthony Van Baelen, Stefan Huybrechts, Filip Ameye, Antoon Lambrecht, Christof Vulsteke and Charlotte Soenens

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:203

    Content type: Case report

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  28. The herniation of the ureter into the inguinal canal is a rare condition, but probably underreported. Acquired nephroptosis could cause herniation of the ureter and, therefore, when diagnosed, a full study of ...

    Authors: Matteo Renzulli, Guido Marzocchi, Giulio Vara, Beniamino Corcioni, Anna Maria Ierardi, Caterina Gaudiano and Rita Golfieri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:202

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The involvement of vital organs in multiple myeloma (MM) with systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis can lead to acute organ failure. In this case, the fear of recurrence or progression of multiple myel...

    Authors: R. Al-Zoairy, A. Viveiros, H. Zoller, S. Schneeberger, G. Oberhuber, E. Gunsilius, H. Tilg, D. Wolf and J. D. Rudzki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:201

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus and causes cystic lesions in the liver and lungs commonly. It is endemic in many parts of the world, and though humans are incidental hosts ...

    Authors: Jay Lodhia, Samwel Chugulu, Adnan Sadiq, David Msuya and Alex Mremi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:200

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The choroid is the most common site for intraocular tumor metastasis because of its abundant vascular supply. However, choroidal metastasis in penile cancer is highly unusual. Here, we report the first case of...

    Authors: Shanshan Li, Haifeng Zhao, Cui Qiu and Changfan Wu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:199

    Content type: Case report

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  32. During pregnancy, the discovery of adnexal masses remains frequent. Such masses are mostly benign. Ovarian endometrioma is a rare etiology. The diagnosis may be difficult in some situations, such as decidualiz...

    Authors: Hadiza Moutari Soule, Sofia Jayi, Tigani Guirema Madi, Alpha Boubacar Conte, Fatima Zohra Fdili Alaoui, Hikmat Chaara and Moulay Abdelilah Melhouf

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:198

    Content type: Case report

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  33. The management of recurrent ischemic priapism is unclear in contemporary practice. Yet, if left untreated, the condition may evolve into an acute ischemic priapism and in some cases result in erectile dysfunct...

    Authors: Ali Alshahrani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:197

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Anastomotic recurrences of the colon are postulated to arise due to inadequate margins, tumor implantation by exfoliated cells, altered biological properties of bowel anastomosis, and missed synchronous lesion...

    Authors: Pietro Genova, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte, Calogero Cipolla and Gaspare Genova

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:196

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The metallic stent is a new device for relieving the urinary tract in patients with malignant ureteral obstruction with short life expectancy and has been used frequently worldwide for its efficacy and safety....

    Authors: Yasuyuki Miyauchi, Yu Osaki, Hirohito Naito, Hiroyuki Tsunemori, Megumi Itoh, Kenji Kanenishi, Takashi Norikane, Takayuki Sanomura, Yoshihiro Nishiyama and Mikio Sugimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:195

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Abdominal pain is one of the most common complaints by patients in the emergency department. Diarrhea, constipation, and urinary tract infection are the commonest etiologies among these patients, but there are...

    Authors: Mawanane Hewa Aruna Devapriya De Silva, Padmini Kolombage and Sembakutti Kasthuri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:194

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Pregnancy in cycles with the use of assisted reproductive technologies is possible only with the availability of good-quality embryos and a healthy receptive endometrium. The problem of lack of sensitivity of ...

    Authors: I. M. Sapozhak, О. S. Gubar, A. E. Rodnichenko and A. V. Zlatska

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:190

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Extramedullary disease in multiple myeloma often portends a worse diagnosis. In approximately 1% of cases, multiple myeloma may metastasize to the central nervous system as either leptomeningeal involvement or...

    Authors: Long Di, Kevin Huang, Tigran Kesayan, Derek Kroll, Rachid C. Baz, Robert J. Macaulay and Nam D. Tran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:189

    Content type: Case report

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  39. The understanding of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly evolving. Although it is primarily a respiratory illness, other manifestations, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, immune thrombocytopenia, and...

    Authors: Birgitte Tholin, Marit Teigen Hauge, Pål Aukrust, Lutz Fehrle and Tor Henrik Tvedt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:187

    Content type: Case report

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  40. The symptoms of drug-induced hepatic injury are manifold; however, the presence of ascites indicates a severe disease condition. The rapid accumulation of ascites is distressing and requires palliative treatme...

    Authors: Koya Yasuda, Mea Asou, Tomohiko Asakawa and Makoto Araki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:192

    Content type: Case report

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  41. The incidence of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is rare worldwide, and it has a poor prognosis. There is no proven or standard first-line therapy that works for the majority of patients with angioimmunobla...

    Authors: Yudi Xiong, Lei Yang, Jing Dai, Fuxiang Zhou and Yunfeng Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:185

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to the oral cavity is rare. Renal cell carcinoma metastases are regarded as radioresistant tumors and surgery is recommended. However, since metastatic renal cell carcinoma h...

    Authors: Naoto Nishii, Hiroaki Shimamoto, Toshimitsu Ohsako, Misaki Yokokawa, Yuriko Sato, Yae Ohata, Kou Kayamori, Tohru Ikeda and Hiroyuki Harada

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:193

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Premature ovarian failure is characterized by amenorrhea, hypoestrogenism, and hypergonadotropinism, and occurs in women under 40 years of age. The prevalence of premature ovarian failure in women younger than...

    Authors: Danhong Lin, Huibiao Quan, Kaining Chen, Lu Lin, Leweihua Lin and Qun Ji

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:184

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Disorders of water and sodium balance can occur after brain injury. Prolonged polyuria resulting from central diabetes insipidus and cerebral salt wasting complicated by gradient washout and a type of secondar...

    Authors: Nathan Chang, Karley Mariano, Lakshmi Ganesan, Holly Cooper and Kevin Kuo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:183

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Seminoma is the most common subtype of testicular cancer and occurs most commonly in patients aged 30–49 years, but decreases to a very low level in men in their 60s or older.

    Authors: Ahmad Al-Mousa, Mohammad Nour Shashaa, Mohamad Shadi Alkarrash, Mohamad Alkhamis, Lina Ghabreau and Mouhsen Dandal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:182

    Content type: Case report

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