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  1. Iatrogenic Cushing’s syndrome induced by oral and parenteral glucocorticoid administration is a well-known complication. Immediate withdrawal from exogenous steroids can lead to life-threatening adrenal insuff...

    Authors: Nicola Matejek, Johannes Hoos, Paul Martin Holterhus, Markus Bettendorf and Daniela Choukair
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:455
  2. Myositis ossificans circumscripta is a self-limiting, benign, ossifying lesion that can affect any type of soft tissue. It is most commonly found in muscles as a solitary lesion. A history of recent trauma has...

    Authors: Pierre-Yves Cren, Nicolas Penel, Abel Cordoba, Gauthier Decanter, Louise Gaboriau and Mariem Ben Haj Amor
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:454
  3. Coronavirus disease 2019 can lead to rare but severe and life-threatening diseases in susceptible high-risk populations, including patients with immunodeficiency. A rare event in this report is stroke followi...

    Authors: Hanie Karimi, Roham Sarmadian, Abolfazl Gilani, Poorya salajegheh, Habibe Nejad Biglari and Mahsa Gholizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:452
  4. Authors: Christian J. Fludder and Braden G. Keil
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:451

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:453

    The original article was published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:20

  5. Cases of large bowel closed-loop phenomenon with cecal perforation are extremely rare, especially when extracolonic epiploic appendage and peritoneal bands are the cause. However, sporadic cases exist in the l...

    Authors: Mohamed Eltayeb Abdelrahman Naiem and Suliman Hussein Suliman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:450
  6. The Mycobacterium abscessus complex is a nontuberculous mycobacteria species that is pervasive in soil and water. Various medical equipment malfunctions, infected surfaces, and patient transmission are potential ...

    Authors: Karam R. Motawea, Randa K. Rabea, Rowan H. Elhalag, Jason Goodloe, Dina M. Awad, Manmeet Kaur, Ahmed K. Awad, Sarya Swed and Joseph Varney
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:448
  7. Methotrexate is an antifolate antimetabolite that inhibits the activity of dihydrofolate reductase by acting as a false substrate, which leads to defects of DNA synthesis, specifically the inhibition of purine...

    Authors: Sareena Shah, Kristen Haeger-Overstreet and Brigid Flynn
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:447
  8. Aneurysmal bone cysts are benign bone tumors that not uncommonly involves the spine. However, this involvement can cause scoliosis, albeit rarely. This report focuses on the importance of proper management for...

    Authors: Yousef M. Aljamaan, Hisham S. Alhathloul, Sami I. Aleissa, Majid S. Abaalkhail, Fahad H. Alhelal and Faisal M. Konbaz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:446
  9. Primary treatment of central neurocytomas is surgical resection. Gamma Knife surgery is considered a valuable therapeutic option in case of residual (after subtotal resection) or recurrent central neurocytomas...

    Authors: Michaela Dedeciusova, John O. Prior, Luis Schiappacasse, David Patin, Marc Levivier and Constantin Tuleasca
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:441
  10. Umbilical discharge in an adult is rare and generates broad diagnostic considerations. Umbilical anatomy is variable owing to congenital abnormalities and acquired pathology such as umbilical hernias. The umbi...

    Authors: Yong-hun Kim, Abigail K. Wegehaupt and Majken T. Wingo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:444
  11. Ectopic breast tissue is present in 2–6% of women. Ectopic mammary tissue can experience physiological changes and the same pathological processes as the eutopic breast. Ectopic breast cancer represents an unc...

    Authors: Leila Achouri, Amani Jellali, Houda Henchiri, Sabrine Boukhris, Yosra Zaaimi, Houyem Mansouri and Najet Mahjoub
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:443
  12. Given the current climate of the pandemic, lung cancer patients are especially vulnerable to complications from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. As a high-risk population group, these...

    Authors: Shreya Tripathy, Nathaniel Alvarez, Shubham Jaiswal, Ryan Williams, Munaf Al-Khadimi, Sarah Hackman, William Phillips, Supreet Kaur, Sherri Cervantez, William Kelly and Josephine Taverna
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:445
  13. Vascular involvement is an infrequent clinical manifestation of Behçet’s syndrome. Owing to the rarity of arterial involvement in Behçet’s syndrome, there is limited experience in managing this phenomenon.

    Authors: Hamed Ghoddusi Johari, Seyed Arman Moein, Saeedeh Shenavande, Armin Amirian and Sara Sadat Nabavizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:439
  14. In recent years, the number of patients with ischemic skin ulcers due to diabetes mellitus and arteriosclerosis obliterans are increasing. Accordingly, endovascular therapy, drugs, and various wound dressings ...

    Authors: Masakatsu Hihara, Michika Fukui, Toshihito Mitsui, Natsuko Kakudo and Atsuyuki Kuro
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:434
  15. Acute dacryocystitis is an atypical and rare manifestation of pediatric mononucleosis still widely underdiagnosed in clinical practice. We report this rare condition and describe challenges in its diagnosis an...

    Authors: J. Sternberg, S. Lambiel, H. Cao Van, H. Massa and B. N. Landis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:430
  16. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) entails inattention, impulsivity, and restlessness at a disabling level. The pharmacological treatment of ADHD rests on the use of centrally acting stimulants, s...

    Authors: Ane Rogne and Bjørnar Hassel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:425
  17. Aerococcus urinae is a bacterium of emerging clinical interest that most commonly causes urinary tract infections (UTI) but can also result in invasive infections. It is a catalase-negative, alpha-haemolytic gram...

    Authors: Chong Wei Tiong, Caroline Bartolo, Aaron Walton and Eugene Athan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:438
  18. Gadolinium-based contrast agents are used extensively in magnetic resonance imaging to assist diagnosis of medical conditions. Despite their documented safety profile, severe adverse events do occur, and their...

    Authors: Eduardo Atsushi Osawa, Juliana Fernandez Fernandes Kleiman and Alexandre Toledo Maciel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:421
  19. Miller-Fisher Syndrome (MFS) is a variant of Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS), an acute immune-mediated neuropathy, which manifests as a rapidly evolving areflex motor paralysis. This syndrome presents as a class...

    Authors: Fernanda Junqueira Cesar Pirola, Bruno Antônio Müzel Santos, Gabriela Feres Sapienza, Lucas Yuri Cetrangolo, Caio Henrique Wthen Gambacorta Geranutti and Paulo Henrique Pires de Aguiar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:437
  20. The supra-acetabulum is a common site for malignant bone tumors, which can be difficult to differentiate from insufficiency fractures. We report a rare case of a stress fracture of the supra-acetabulum that re...

    Authors: Sei Morinaga, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Yohei Asano, Shiro Saito and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:436
  21. Desmoid tumors are extremely rare borderline benign and malignant tumors that do not exhibit accumulation on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–computed tomography. In the present study, we report...

    Authors: Kento Kawashima, Kazuhiro Hiramatsu, Takehito Kato, Masahide Fukaya, Taro Aoba, Atsuki Arimoto and Takayuki Yamaguchi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:423
  22. Spinal muscular atrophy is a recessively inherited autosomal neuromuscular disorder, with characteristic progressive muscle weakness. Most spinal muscular atrophy cases clinically manifest during infancy or ch...

    Authors: Cempaka Thursina Srie Setyaningrum, Indra Sari Kusuma Harahap, Dian Kesumapramudya Nurputra, Mawaddah Ar Rochmah, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Giga Hasabi Alkarani and Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:435
  23. Ewing sarcoma is a malignant bone tumor; however, its prognosis has improved since the development of modern chemotherapy. Although Ewing sarcoma outcomes have improved, issues related to late complications, s...

    Authors: Ryota Hagihara, Hidetaka Arishima, Takahiro Yamauchi, Satoshi Kawajiri, Tomomi Ito, Mana Fukushima and Kenichiro Kikuta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:419
  24. Gastric mixed neuroendocrine–non-neuroendocrine neoplasms are rare malignant tumors. The lack of specific findings makes it difficult to diagnose endoscopically. We report the case of early gastric mixed neuro...

    Authors: Yohei Ito, Yoshiaki Kimoto, Rikimaru Sawada, Shinya Nagae, Koichi Furuta, Nao Takeuchi, Shunya Takayanagi, Yuki Kano, Rindo Ishii, Takashi Sakuno, Kohei Ono, Ryoju Negishi, Yohei Minato, Takashi Muramoto and Ken Ohata
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:416
  25. There are few reports of trigger wrist in the literature, as it is a rare pathology. Furthermore, various authors report that it is also hard to diagnose. It manifests with neurological symptoms at the affecte...

    Authors: Alexey V. Lychagin, Dmitry S. Bobrov, Kirill D. Artemov, Yaroslav A. Rukin, Vadim G. Cherepanov, Ekaterina E. Rudenko and Andrey B. Ponomarev
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:415
  26. The Hypotension Prediction Index (HPI) displays an innovative monitoring tool which predicts intraoperative hypotension before its onset.

    Authors: Sara Denn, Emmanuel Schneck, Fidaa Jablawi, Michael Bender, Götz Schmidt, Marit Habicher, Eberhard Uhl and Michael Sander
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:412
  27. May–Thurner syndrome is a vascular disorder caused by the right common iliac artery compressing the left common iliac vein against the lumbar spine, causing distal venous stasis and potentially leading to fibr...

    Authors: Kevin D. Seely, Heidi J. Arreola, Loveleen K. Paul, Jordan A. Higgs, Benjamin Brooks and Randal C. Anderson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:411
  28. A congenital band is an uncommon abnormality that can be found anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. Intestinal obstruction caused by an anomalous congenital band is very rare in children. To the best of ...

    Authors: Gulan Maree, Ali Alelayan, Ferhad Hemi, Waseem Shater, Alaa Ghuzlan and Wajih Ali
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:433
  29. Diagnosis of venous aneurysm may be difficult and can be misjudged as mass-like lesions, including hernias. Here we present the case of a patient with a great saphenous vein aneurysm misdiagnosed and operated ...

    Authors: Hamed Ghoddusi Johari, Hamidreza Malekhosseini, Amirhossein Erfani and Reza Shahriarirad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:410
  30. Coronavirus disease 2019 has changed the pattern of some diseases in the world, especially in pediatrics. Despite data suggesting that the pediatric population is less affected by coronavirus disease-19 infect...

    Authors: Mohammad Hasan Aelami, Abdolreza Malek and Amin Saeidinia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:432
  31. Anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 encephalitis is a newly emerged entity characterized by frequent faciobrachial dystonic seizures and a wide spectrum of subacute clinical symptoms such as other seizure t...

    Authors: Sanaz Ahmadi Karvigh, Saeideh Salehizadeh and Fahimeh Vahabizad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:409
  32. Abacavir is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is used as a component of the antiretroviral treatment regimen in the management of the human immunodeficiency virus for both adults and children. ...

    Authors: Mathew K. Koech, Shamim M. Ali, Mercy J. Karoney and Gabriel Kigen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:407
  33. Opportunistic infections are frequent in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus who either do not have access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) or use it irregularly. Tuberculosis is the most freque...

    Authors: Gleiciere Maia Silva, Bruna Rodrigues de Sousa, Kaliny Benicio Torres, Rejane Pereira Neves, Heloisa Ramos Lacerda de Melo and Reginaldo Gonçalves de Lima-Neto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:429
  34. Kaposi sarcoma is a vascular tumor highly related to human herpesvirus-8 and Kaposi sarcoma–associated herpesvirus. Kaposi sarcoma usually manifests as skin or mucosal lesions; involvement in visceral organs s...

    Authors: Pei-Jui Wu, Chi-Shu Sun, Hsing-Tao Kuo, Ming-Jen Sheu, Cheng-Yi Lin, Su-Hung Wang, Chun-Chi Yang, Chi‐Hsing Chen, Shih-Sung Chuang and I-Che Feng
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:424
  35. Children with nephrotic syndrome are at increased risk of infections, including bacterial peritonitis, pneumonia, and cellulitis. However, bacterial meningitis, a potentially life-threatening complication, has...

    Authors: David Guernsey, Aparna Arun, Rabia Agha and Juan C. Kupferman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:403
  36. Most testicular tumors are germ cell tumors; sex cord stromal tumors are infrequent, accounting for only 3–5% of testicular tumors. Unclassified sex cord stromal tumors are extremely rare. Generally, 10% of se...

    Authors: Shingo Morinaga, Shigeyuki Aoki, Toyonori Tsuzuki, Keiko Kanematsu, Naoki Kawai, Sayuri Sato, Kotomi Nakamizu, Kana Goto, Miho Niwa, Ikuko Nomura, Tomoko Sawada, Ruriko Futamachi, Fujio Morita and Yoshiaki Yamada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:406
  37. There is ample evidence indicating that immunosuppressive therapy or immune dysregulation in systemic lupus erythematosus increases the risk for tuberculosis. Interestingly, a few case reports suggest that tub...

    Authors: Shekhar, Nikita Yogesh Gupta and Avi Ravi Harisingani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:428
  38. Tapia’s syndrome is a rare complication of airway manipulation under general anesthesia. Injuries to the vagus nerve (X) and hypoglossal nerve (XII) during transoral intubation are the primary cause of the dis...

    Authors: Luan Xie, Zhenyu Xiong, Weihong Xiao, Yingnan Mo, Xiangliang Li, Xuan Zhuang, Ying Yang and Haipeng Jin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:408
  39. Down’s syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality in humans. It has been associated with central nervous system tumors such as primary acute lymphoblastic leukemia and germinomas, but desmoplastic inf...

    Authors: Muhammad Hamza Habib, Mehvish Zahra Alavi, Amber Goraya, Samina Zaman and Alia Ahmed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:427
  40. Body stuffing and body packing are two methods of concealing illicit drugs. Body stuffing is defined as the oral ingestion of illicit drugs, typically to avoid law enforcement detection or other consequences o...

    Authors: Tegan Schmidt, Yuliya Matolina, Arianna S. Neeki, Caros Peace, Benjamin Archambeau, Fanglong Dong and Michael M. Neeki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:426
  41. There have hardly been any reported cases of children presenting with Kaposi sarcoma as a second malignancy following treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia outside a transplant setting.

    Authors: Richard Nyeko, Fadhil Geriga, Racheal Angom and Joyce Balagadde Kambugu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:405
  42. The advent of immunotherapies has ushered in a new era in the treatment of non-small cell lung carcinoma. Although immunotherapies are associated with improved clinical outcomes, studies report a median overal...

    Authors: Jeffrey Mathew Boby, Nurul Nadia Mohd Ghazali, Anita Mani and Mathew George
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:420
  43. Human brucellosis is the most frequently contracted zoonotic infection worldwide. Although being an old disease that carries minimal risks of mortality, it remains a source of considerable sequelae and disabil...

    Authors: Sarah Gerges, Alessandro Khoury, Souheil Hallit, Fadi Hoyek and Rabih Hallit
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:418
  44. Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia is a rarely encountered B-lymphocytic malignancy. Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia-associated paraproteinaemia is linked to an increase in serum viscosity, which results in a h...

    Authors: Raeed Deen, Calyb Austin, Alexander Bowden and Andrew Bullen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:417
  45. Psoriatic arthritis treatment with antitumor necrosis factor has been shown to reduce disease activity. Nonetheless, more than 30% of patients do not achieve a sufficient response to tumor necrosis factor bloc...

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Kutsuna, Kazunori Hino, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Kunihiko Watamori, Teruki Kidani, Hiroshi Imai and Hiromasa Miura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:402

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