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  1. Metastatic Crohn’s disease is a rare disorder characterized by various granulomatous skin lesions that occur independently of gastrointestinal tract involvement. However, currently there is no standardized car...

    Authors: Tanja Elger, Johanna Loibl, Christa Buechler, Sebastian Haferkamp, Jens Werner, Konstantin Drexler, Ulrich Hohenleutner, Karsten Guelow, Claudia Kunst, Arne Kandulski, Pia Goeggelmann, Martina Mueller and Hauke Christian Tews
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:252
  2. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the dominant primary renal malignant neoplasm, encompassing a significant portion of renal tumors. The presence of synchronous yet histologically distinct ipsilateral RCCs, howeve...

    Authors: Mohamed Sakr, Merhan Badran, Sarah Ahmed Hassan, Mohamed Elsaqa, Mohamed Anwar Elwany, Nevine M. F. El Deeb and Mohamed Sharafeldeen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:250
  3. Within the spectrum of melanocytic-differentiated tumors, the challenge faced by pathologists is discerning accurate diagnoses, with clear cell sarcoma of soft tissues standing out as a rare and aggressive neo...

    Authors: Soufiane Abdouh, Imane Boujguenna, Abdelwahed Soleh, Imad Abkari and Hanane Rais
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:249
  4. Gastroparesis is a condition that affects the motility of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, causing a delay in the emptying process and leading to nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal pain. Motility ...

    Authors: Muhammad Haseeb-Ul-Rasool, Ahmed Elhawary, Utsow Saha, Arshia Sethi, Gowri Swaminathan and Hazem Abosheaishaa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:248
  5. Bacterial infection of embryo culture medium is rare but may be detrimental. The main source of embryo culture contamination is semen. Assisted reproduction centers currently lack consensus regarding the metho...

    Authors: Eva Berkes-Bara, Annamaria Nemes, Beata Dudas, Kata Joo, Akos Murber, Gyorgyi Fekecs, Janos Urbancsek and Peter Fancsovits
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:247
  6. Evaluating isolated extremity discomfort can be challenging when initial imaging and exams provide limited information. Though subtle patient history hints often underlie occult pathologies, benign symptoms ar...

    Authors: Amirhossein Kamalinia, Asal Seifaei, Seyed Arman Moein and Hamid Namazi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:251
  7. Thrombotic events are more than twice as common in inflammatory bowel disease patients as in the general population. We report an interesting and rare case of portal vein thrombosis as a venous thromboembolic ...

    Authors: Marouf Alhalabi, Duaa Nasri and Widad Aji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:246
  8. Natalizumab is a monoclonal antibody used to treat patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis. Anemia is a recognized side effect, but it is usually mild and of a short duration when natalizumab is s...

    Authors: Lars Henrik Dahl Hamnvik, Geir E. Tjønnfjord, Signe Spetalen and Jakob Dalgaard
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:245
  9. Danon disease is a lysosomal storage disorder with X-linked inheritance. The classic triad is severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myopathy, and intellectual disability, with different phenotypes between both g...

    Authors: Rayco Jiménez-Bolaños, Francisco Hernández-Fernández, Jorge García-García, Óscar Ayo-Martín, Laura del Rey Megias, Juan David Molina-Nuevo and Tomás Segura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:244
  10. Mutations in the GJB2 gene, which encodes the protein connexin 26 and is involved in inner ear homeostasis, are identified in approximately 50% of patients with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss, m...

    Authors: Cem Yeral, Lutfu Seneldir, Arzu Hediye Karakoc, Aleyna Sap and Oguz Yilmaz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:241
  11. An ascending aortic thrombus is exceedingly rare. Two instances have been reported in the setting of lung cancer, but only after cisplatin use, which is associated with hypercoagulability. We present the first...

    Authors: Chirag Mehta and Fatima Raza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:243
  12. People with achondroplasia exhibit distinct physical characteristics, but their cognitive abilities remain within the normal range. The challenges encountered during surgical procedures and perioperative care ...

    Authors: Hussein Samir Elrukby, Khalid Mohamed Abd Elhafiz Mohamed and Elamin Mohamed Elamin Hamed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:240
  13. Although viscosupplementation is a commonly used treatment for osteoarthritis and is widely regarded as a safe treatment option, it is associated with the rare complication of pseudoseptic arthritis. Most exis...

    Authors: Rae Tarapore, Sierra Lindsey, Paige Strickland and Robert McKinstry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:242
  14. Radiation proctitis (RP) is a significant complication of pelvic radiation. Effective treatments for chronic RP are currently lacking. We report a case where chronic RP was successfully managed by metformin an...

    Authors: Mau-Shin Chi, Ping-Hsun Hsieh, Shu-Han Huang, Ho-Chi Hsu and Kwan-Hwa Chi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:239
  15. Mesonephric adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare subtype of uterine cervical cancer that is associated with a poor prognosis and for which a standardized treatment protocol has not been established. Carbon ion ...

    Authors: Nao Kobayashi, Takahiro Oike, Ken Ando, Kazutoshi Murata, Tomoaki Tamaki, Shin-ei Noda, Kayoko Kogure, Sumihito Nobusawa, Tetsunari Oyama and Tatsuya Ohno
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:228
  16. Perioperative symptomatic carotid artery occlusion after carotid endarterectomy is a rare complication. In this study, we present a case of symptomatic acute carotid artery occlusion that occurred after caroti...

    Authors: Shin Hirota, Masataka Yoshimura, Junshi Cho, Toshihiko Hayashi, Azumi Kaneoka, Kei Ito, Juri Kiyokawa and Shinji Yamamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:226
  17. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a novel form of rapidly reversible heart failure occurring secondary to a stressor that mimics an acute coronary event. The underlying etiology of the stressor is highly variable an...

    Authors: Damanpreet Dev, Mohammed El-Din, Siddharth Vijayakumar and Rayno Navinan Mitrakrishnan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:238
  18. Mature cystic teratoma co-existing with a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is a rare tumor that few cases have been reported until now. In these cases, either a benign teratoma is malignantly transformed into adeno...

    Authors: Mahboobeh Chahkandi, Farnaz Mozayani, Ali Fanoodi, Amir Reza Bina and Amir Reza Ebrahimian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:232
  19. The greater omentum comprises peritoneal, adipose, vascular, and lymphoid tissues. Most omental malignancies are metastatic tumors, and the incidence of primary tumors is rare. We report on a prior omental smo...

    Authors: Yukari Ono, Yoichiro Okubo, Kota Washimi, Yo Mikayama, Tsunehiro Doiuch, Chie Hasegawa, Emi Yoshioka, Kyoko Ono, Manabu Shiozawa and Tomoyuki Yokose
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:222
  20. Pregnancy imposes significant physiological changes, including alterations in electrolyte balance and renal function. This is especially important because certain disorders might worsen and make people more su...

    Authors: Vijay Sundarsingh, R. Manoj Kumar, Manjunath Kulkarni, Firas Rauf Mammoo, Pramela Renisha Rodrigues and Y. M. Prashanth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:236
  21. Peripheral ossifying fibroma is a nonneoplastic inflammatory hyperplasia that originates in the periodontal ligament or periosteum in response to chronic mechanical irritation. Peripheral ossifying fibroma dev...

    Authors: Ryo Takagi, Kosei Mori, Takashi Koike, Sayumi Tsuyuguchi, Kengo Kanai, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Mitsuhiro Okano, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Aya Tanaka, Kinue Kurihara, Kazumichi Sato, Ken Ishizaki, Yuichiro Hayashi and Yorihisa Imanishi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:220
  22. Adult nephrotic syndrome is a well-known kidney disease that causes heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia, edema, and hypertension. The treatment varies according to its underlying cause but...

    Authors: Arisa Mizukawa Yoshida, Naohi Isse, Ryoma Shioji and Kazuharu Sunami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:237
  23. Parotid gland agenesis is a rare, congenital, usually asymptomatic disorder. Until now, only 24 cases with unilateral, incidentally found, parotid gland agenesis have been described. Here, we present the first...

    Authors: Aris I. Giotakis, Christos Masaoutis, Alexander Delides and Evangelos I. Giotakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:231
  24. Mantle cell lymphoma is a rare lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract that may present as multiple lymphomatous polyposis. We report a case of lymphomatous polyposis with a review of the literature.

    Authors: Toukilnan Djiwa, B. B. S. Koui, N. A. Aman, Z. I. Coulibaly, M. Kouyate and K. E. Kouame
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:219
  25. Amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction (AIT) is a side-effect associated with the use of Amiodarone for the treatment of refractory arrythmias. Resulting hyperthyroidism can precipitate cardiac complications, ...

    Authors: Yoann Aubry, Michel Dosch and Marc Y. Donath
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:235
  26. Nexplanon implants are a common hormonal contraceptive modality. Though rare, these devices can embolize into the injured wall of the basilic vein, through the right heart, and finally wedge itself into a pulm...

    Authors: Edward K. Maybury, Zachary C. Affrin, Christian Popa, Max Fowler, Bryan D. Laliberte and Sarah C. Clarke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:234
  27. Vaginal metastasis from colorectal cancer is a rare occurrence, typically associated with other metastatic lesions. Isolated metastasis is exceedingly uncommon, with only a few cases documented in the literatu...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Ines Zemni, Mohamed Ali Ayadi, Ayoub Ghazouani, Nadia Boujelbene and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:233
  28. Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare clinically benign, pigmented, tumor of neural crest origin which commonly occurs in the maxilla. It is a rare tumor that may pose difficulty in diffe...

    Authors: Mesfin Asefa and Tedros Hailu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:230
  29. Orbital metastasis is a possible complication of small cell lung cancer and a pattern of bilateral invasion of the extraocular muscles has rarely been reported in literature.

    Authors: João Ponces Ramalhão, Beatriz Costa Vieira, Diogo Rodrigues, Miguel Gonçalves Afonso, João Gouveia, Pedro Manuel Baptista and Maria Araújo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:216
  30. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is an immunosuppressive drug that is frequently prescribed to patients with rheumatological diseases. MMF’s side effects include abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and other ga...

    Authors: Ziyad Alakkas, Abdulaziz M. Gari, Sara Makhdoum and Eman A. AlSindi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:229
  31. Pembrolizumab (PEM), an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI), is often used for triple-negative breast cancer, but can also be used to treat solid tumors that exhibit high microsatellite instability (MSI-High). H...

    Authors: Keiko Inakami, Noriko Fujita, Chikage Iguchi, Yukie Enomoto, Junya Minohata, Atsushi Sata, Yoshimasa Miyagawa, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Tomokazu Saitoh, Takashi Nomura, Yuka Sawai, Keiko Takahara, Tsutomu Kasugai and Eiichi Shiba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:214
  32. Prevotella heparinolytica is a Gram-negative bacterium that is commonly found in the oral, intestinal, and urinary tracts. It has been extensively studied in lower respiratory tract infections in horses, which ha...

    Authors: Jiongzhou Sun, Xun Xu, Shiyuan Gao, Qiong Pan, Zian Liu, Yiwen Huang and Yixin Lian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:213
  33. Non-pancreatic pseudocysts are rare lesions that typically form from the omentum and mesentery. These cysts have a thick fibrotic wall made up of fibrous tissue and may show signs of calcifications and inflamm...

    Authors: Yohannis Derbew Molla, Aklilu Yiheyis Abraha, Yilkal Ademe Belay, Bewketu Abebe Alemu, Hirut Tesfahun Alemu and Samuel Addisu Abera
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:212
  34. Sprengel’s deformity is a congenital abnormality of the shoulder girdle. Because scapular retraction, such as the Green procedure, is usually performed during childhood to improve esthetics and shoulder functi...

    Authors: Shun Otsuka, Yuki Tamaki, Masaki Matsushita, Naoyuki Hatayama and Munekazu Naito
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:211
  35. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) accounts for about 1% of all tuberculosis cases and about 5% of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases. However, it poses major importance because approximately half of those affected d...

    Authors: Guive Sharifi, Mohammad Ansari, Elmira Mahmoudi Chalmiani, Farid Javandoust Gharehbagh and Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:210
  36. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that leads to significant disability and morbidity, characterised by the formation of heterotopic hard tissues within connecti...

    Authors: Sughashini Murugesu, Benjamin P. Jones, Paul Serhal and Jara Ben-Nagi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:227
  37. We present a severe neonatal consequence due to the unexpected and crucial inversion of the fetal position after sudden termination of tocolysis during early labor of a woman with congenital uterine anomaly. I...

    Authors: Jiro Abe, Takashi Nasu, Ayumu Noro and Junko Tsubaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:209
  38. Optic neuritis (ON) is an inflammatory demyelinating condition of the optic nerve, with various causes. Its incidence is higher in children and young adults than in older adults of both genders, but is more co...

    Authors: Elcio Luiz Bonamigo, Pamela Kuyava, Taísa Sacomori Paula Zanotto Reginatto, Arthur Gabriel Duran, Luisa Truculo, Eglas Emanuel Rossi, Ricardo Alexandre Stock and Claudia Elisa Grasel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:223
  39. Headache is a frequent symptom in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri) has been reported among patients who underwent lumbar puncture for...

    Authors: Gashaw Solela, Addis A. Tenaw, Henok Fisseha, Abel M. Argaw, Tamirat Petros and Betelhem Mengistu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:206
  40. Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease characterized by granulomatous inflammation. Sarcoidosis often poses a diagnostic challenge owing to its nonspecific or mild clinical features. In 20–35% of cases, sarcoi...

    Authors: Eva Klara Merzel Šabović, Mateja Starbek Zorko, Violeta Hosta, Borut Žgavec and Vid Bajuk
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:221
  41. Sex cord-stromal tumors with annular tubules are a rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of all ovarian malignancies. However, they are characterized by very late recurrence, which can be as late as 30 years ...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Maher Slimane, Hanen Bouaziz, Nayssem Khessairi, Nadia Boujelbene and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:217
  42. Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis present perioperative challenges for clinical anesthesiologists for anesthesia-associated complications.

    Authors: Yan Li, Qianhui Hu, Qian Wang, Taotao Liu and Min Gao
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:205
  43. Dravet syndrome is an infantile-onset developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) characterized by drug resistance, intractable seizures, and developmental comorbidities. This article focuses on manifesta...

    Authors: Agung Triono, Elisabeth Siti Herini and Gunadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:215
  44. Renal cell carcinomas are the most common form of kidney cancer in adults. In addition to metastasizing in lungs, soft tissues, bones, and the liver, it also spreads locally. In 2–10% of patients, it causes a ...

    Authors: Bekim Ademi, Luan Jaha, Isa Haxhiu, Xhevdet Çuni, Afrim Tahiri, Jetmir Gashi, Adhurim Koshi and Art Jaha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:201
  45. Lipomas arising in the parietal peritoneum are rare, and some of them cause abdominal pain due to torsion of the pedunculated peritoneum. We encountered a case of parietal peritoneal lipoma arising upper perit...

    Authors: Yu Dohmoto, Yoshimasa Akashi, Koichi Ogawa, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Yusuke Ohara, Yohei Owada and Tatsuya Oda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:200

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