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  1. Fournier’s gangrene is a rare, fulminant, and usually localized necrotizing soft tissue polymicrobial infection of the perineum, with occasional extension up to the abdominal wall.

    Authors: Kays Chaker, Yassine Ouanes, Makram Rinchi, Nizar Cherni, Mokhtar Bibi, Kheireddine Mrad Dali and Yassine Nouira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:30
  2. Peripheral manifestations secondary to progressive vascular occlusions are characteristic of the rare condition termed thromboangiitis obliternas (TAO) or Buerger’s disease. The central manifestations of this ...

    Authors: Mahmoud A. Awara, Laura M. Downing and Manal O. Elnenaei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:40
  3. Skin and soft tissue infections are common because of exposure to aquatic environment, while severe infections caused by Aeromonas veronii are rare.

    Authors: Linhui Li, Jie Huang, Long Xu, Guangyi Wang, Shichu Xiao, Zhaofan Xia, Qin Qin, Yazhou Li and Shizhao Ji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:29
  4. Twin anemia polycythemia sequence is a rare complication in monochorionic twin pregnancy.

    Authors: Tania Jeyaseelan, Panicos Shangaris, Athina Efthymiou, Linzi Martin, Lisa Story, Surabhi Nanda, Neelam Gupta, Mudher Al-Adnani, Andreas Marnerides, Kypros H. Nicolaides and Srividhya Sankaran
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:28
  5. Vibrio vulnificus is typically present in seawater, fish, and shellfish, and is known to cause severe sepsis, particularly in patients with liver diseases such as cirrhosis. V. vulnificus is one of the most dange...

    Authors: Eishi Sakihara, Ikuma Noge, Hiroki Suzuyama, Hiroaki Takeoka and Shigeki Nabeshima
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:27
  6. Patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors have been reported to develop autoimmune endocrine diseases, including type 1 diabetes, although few drugs have been shown to induce type 1 diabetes. Additionall...

    Authors: Makoto Miyabayashi, Shunichiro Onishi, Tomohiko Yoshida and Minoru Takemoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:26
  7. Myeloproliferative neoplasms are a group of diseases with diverse biological and clinical characteristics. As a provisional separate entity, myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia and genetic rearrangeme...

    Authors: Alejandro Pineda Isaza, Santiago Castaño Quintero, Lisceth Paola Quintero González, Fabián Emiliano Ahumada Córdoba, Andrés Felipe Arbeláez Olivar and Juan Carlos Bravo Ocaña
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:39
  8. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Gram-negative bacteria. It has variable manifestations (gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, skeletal). Neurobrucellosis may develop at any stage of the disease (acute, ...

    Authors: Leen Jamel Doya, Ibrahim Haidar and Souad Sakkour
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:25
  9. For the treatment of hypothyroidism, patients are usually placed on lifelong levothyroxine replacement therapy. Achieving clinical and biochemical euthyroid status is sometimes difficult because of several fac...

    Authors: Zareen Kiran, Khalilullah Shabbir Shaikh, Nazish Fatima, Namra Tariq and Akhtar Ali Baloch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:24
  10. Lymphangiomas are benign vascular tumors arising from the lymphatic system. They commonly affect the head and neck regions. Pancreatic involvement is extremely rare. Even though they are rare, it should be con...

    Authors: Hiwote Girma Assefa, Tafese Gudissa Merga and Binyam Gebremedhin Godu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:23
  11. Filar cysts are frequently found on neonatal ultrasound and are physiologically involuting structures with natural resolution. Hence, there has been no previous histologic correlation. Ventriculus terminalis i...

    Authors: Arnold H. Menezes, Yutaka Sato, Brian J. Dlouhy, Karra A. Jones and Steven A. Moore
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:22
  12. Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing–remitting disease characterized by a recurrent attack of optic neuritis and transverse myelitis; sometimes associated with acute brainstem syndrome. Systemic lupus erythemat...

    Authors: S. K. Jakaria Been Sayeed, Asif Hasan Khan, Md. Moniruzzaman, Reaz Mahmud and Md. Mujibur Rahman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:21
  13. Takayasu arteritis is a noninfective chronic vasculitis mainly involving the aorta and its main branches. The presentation of the disease is heterogeneous, ranging from asymptomatic to catastrophic illness.

    Authors: Marcel A. Beijk and R. Nils Planken
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:20
  14. Orthodontic treatment involves movement of teeth by compression and resorption of the alveolar bone using orthodontic forces. These movements are closely linked to the interactions between the teeth and the pe...

    Authors: Satoru Morikawa, Kazuya Watanabe, Ryo Otsuka, Seiji Asoda and Taneaki Nakagawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:19
  15. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare variant of skin sarcoma which is characterized by proliferation of spindle cells in a storiform pattern. Although it is mostly benign in its primary stages, it ...

    Authors: Somayeh Sheidaei, Mahsa Salehi, Fatemeh Abedian kenari and Hamid Reza Jafari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:18
  16. Dengue is still a recurrent challenge to the global population, without specific antiviral therapy. Clinical management strategies are aimed to mitigate the deaths. The use of blood products in dengue is recom...

    Authors: S. A. M. Kularatne, Chamara Dalugama, Madhara Rajapakse, Sithara Warnasooriya, Manoji Pathirage, Udaya Ralapanawa and Thilak Jayalath
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:17
  17. In patients with history of malignancy, new-onset liver lesions often present diagnostic challenges. We present the case of a patient with history of neuroendocrine tumor and new-onset echo-rich hepatic lesion...

    Authors: Elisabeth Miller, Wolfgang Kratzer and Angelika Kestler
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:16
  18. During neoadjuvant chemotherapy for giant gastrointestinal stromal tumors, changes in gastrointestinal stromal tumor size are rarely associated with events such as perforation and bleeding that require emergen...

    Authors: Yoichi Sugiyama, Toshiaki Komo, Tatsuya Tazaki, Mohei Kohyama, Shinya Takahashi and Masaru Sasaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:15
  19. Hyponatremia associated with a low serum osmolality is a common and confounding electrolyte disorder. Correcting hyponatremia is also complicated, especially in the setting of chronic hyponatremia. Here, we pr...

    Authors: Mohamed Hassan Kamel, Ashish Upadhyay and Steven C. Borkan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:13
  20. A radiological finding of a cavitary pulmonary lesion in a patient acutely infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 early during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic created a diagnostic ...

    Authors: Fatima Wong, Megan Doyle-McClam, Spencer Pugh, Tina Dudney, Michael McCormack and Jared Kravitz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:12
  21. Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile condition in children. It affects mainly children under 5 years old, and is known to cause coronary artery abnormalities if treatment is delayed. The diagnosis rests mainly...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy, Kavinda Dayasiri and I. R. Ragunathan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:10
  22. Gram staining is a classic but standard and essential procedure for the prompt selection of appropriate antibiotics in an emergency setting. Even in the era of sophisticated medicine with technically developed...

    Authors: Mikinori Kannae, Yusuke Oka, Yohei Hamada, Toshiharu Urakami and Yosuke Aoki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:9
  23. Warthin tumor (WT) is a common benign salivary tumor of the parotid gland. Clinically, it occurs in men in their fifth to seventh decades who typically smoke cigarettes. WTs have been reported with different h...

    Authors: Asma Almazyad, Naheel Al Khudiri, Saeed S. Alshieban and Majed M. Pharaon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:7
  24. Delayed allergy to red meat, also termed alpha-gal syndrome, is increasingly reported in adults and African communities, while pediatric cases remain rare.

    Authors: Felicitas Bellutti Enders, Marius Elkuch, Andreas Wörner, Kathrin Scherer Hofmeier and Karin Hartmann
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:6
  25. Collagenous fibroma or desmoplastic fibroblastoma is a rare benign fibrous tissue tumor. It usually presents as a painless, slowly growing mass. Collagenous fibroma arises ordinarily inside the subcutaneous ti...

    Authors: Hagar A. El-naggar, Yehia A. El-Mahallawy, Mohamed I. Harby and Nourhan A. Abou Madawi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:5
  26. While the majority of reported cases of jellyfish envenomation are self-limited with few lasting complications, a few can cause life-threatening and debilitating illnesses. We present the case of a 15-year-old...

    Authors: Mohamed Elkafafi, Hussein Hamed, Yaser Ali and Mohamed Elgohary
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:4
  27. Bradycardia frequently occurs in heart-transplanted patients, mainly as a temporally restricted manifestation early after transplantation and often without symptoms. A high-degree atrioventricular block is mos...

    Authors: Matthieu Raboud, Andrea M. Humm, Hari Vivekanantham and Philipp Suter
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:3
  28. Owing to the growth of case reports and changes in the policy of journals in publishing this evidence, the need to standardize them is felt more than before. Therefore, in this study, the authors’ guide of med...

    Authors: Abolfazl Taheri, Peyman Adibi, Mojtaba Sabbagh Jafari, Marzieh Saeedizadeh, Alireza Rahimi and Alireza Abbasi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:2
  29. Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors occurring near the end of long bones. In this case report, we demonstrate the successful treatment of a proximal femoral osteochondroma in a pediatric pat...

    Authors: Mohamad Issa, Ahmad Naja, Serge Sultanem, Charbel Elias and Said Saghieh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:489
  30. Campylobacter-related infectious gastroenteritis is common and usually self-limited. Intestinal perforation is a rare complication of the infectious colitis caused by Campylobacter, and only handful of cases have...

    Authors: Yung-Yu Chu, Cheng-Yi Lin, Tien-Lin Kuo, Shu-Chi Mu, Beng-Huat Lau and Yuh-Yu Chou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:487
  31. We present this case of coronavirus disease 2019-associated acute kidney injury with rhabdomyolysis—with noteworthy renal biopsy findings demonstrating myoglobin cast nephropathy—to add to the limited literatu...

    Authors: Jessica J. Tuan, Onyema Ogbuagu, Deepika Kumar, Frederick Altice and Margaret Fikrig
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:491
  32. Prompt diagnosis of metabolic disorders in a resource-limited country like Nepal is daunting. Acute intermittent porphyria is a rare but common hepatic porphyria mostly seen in females of the reproductive age ...

    Authors: Sujata Baidya, Pratibha Kandel, Smrity Rajkarnikar, Anuradha Kadel, Apeksha Niraula, Raju Kumar Dubey, Machhindra Lamichhane, Mithileshwer Raut, Aseem Bhattarai, Eans Tara Tuladhar and Vijay Kumar Sharma
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:490
  33. Fetal midgut volvulus is an uncommon yet potentially life-threatening condition. Prenatal diagnosis may pose a challenge, due to the paucity of specific signs and symptoms. Timely prenatal diagnosis of this co...

    Authors: Neelam Jain, Sandeep Singh Awal, Som Biswas and Tanushree Ghosh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:482
  34. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 may be associated with late-onset necrotizing myositis, mimicking autoimmune inflammatory myositis; however, the exact underlying pathogenesis of severe acute re...

    Authors: Maryam Loghman, Ehsan Rahmanian, Majid Alikhani, Hiva Saffar, Sara Beikmohamadi Hezaveh, Mohammad Nekooeian, Reza Shahriarirad and Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:488
  35. Coronavirus disease 2019 is a highly transmissible and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, a novel coronavirus that was identified in early January 2020 in Wuh...

    Authors: Jadeny Sinatra, Ronnie Wirawan Salim, Epifanus Arie Tanoto and Hori Hariyanto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:486
  36. Chromosome 13q deletion syndrome shows variable clinical features related to the different potential breakpoints in chromosome 13q. The severely malformed phenotype is known to be associated with the deletion ...

    Authors: Tomomi Kotani, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Yumiko Ito, Noriyuki Nakamura, Takafumi Ushida, Kenji Imai, Yukako Iitani, Kazuya Fuma, Yukako Muramatsu, Masahiro Hayakawa and Hiroaki Kajiyama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:481
  37. Delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy is a rare entity following hypoxia. Clinical and radiological signs of delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy have not previously been reported following acute ischem...

    Authors: Johannes A. R. Pfaff, Lukas Machegger, Eugen Trinka and Johannes Sebastian Mutzenbach
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:480
  38. Bladder paraganglioma is a neuroendocrine tumor that accounts for less than 0.1% of all bladder tumors. Symptoms caused by catecholamine release such as hypertension, palpitation, syncope, and macroscopic hema...

    Authors: Tugay Aksakallı, Bakytbek Kozubaev, Turgut Yapanoğlu, Adem Utlu, Fatih Alper, Arzu Bilen and Numan Bulut
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:479
  39. Ovarian steroid cell tumors, not otherwise specified is a rare sex cord-stromal tumor. Almost 60% of all steroid cell tumors are categorized as not otherwise specified and represent less than 0.1% of all ovari...

    Authors: Miry Lobaton-Ginsberg, Luz María Malanco-Hernández and Aldo Ferreira-Hermosillo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:478
  40. Multiple myeloma is a clonal plasma cell proliferation often causing bone lytic lesions. It is sometimes challenging to differentiate these lytic lesions associated with multiple myeloma from bone destruction ...

    Authors: Marwa Aloui, Sarra Ben Rejeb, Manel Boudokhan, Amen Dhaoui, Majdi Ben Romdhane and Syrine Belakhal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:477
  41. Paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare and aggressive mesenchymal tumor, accounting for only 7% of all rhabdomyosarcomas. It is mainly encountered in children and adolescents. The standard treatment consist...

    Authors: Takoua Chalouati, Montassar Ghalleb, Amani Jallali, Maher Slimane, Ghada Sahraoui, Jamal Ben hassouna, Riadh Chargui and Khaled Rahal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:476
  42. Cushing’s syndrome consists of signs and symptoms related to prolonged exposure to high levels of glucocorticoid, and should be considered in individuals with the discriminatory signs and symptoms. Proximal my...

    Authors: Marjan Jeddi and Mesbah Shams
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:483

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