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  1. Primary Thyroid Lymphoma (PTL) is defined as lymphoma involving the thyroid gland alone or the thyroid gland and adjacent neck lymph nodes without contiguous spread or distant metastases at the time of diagnos...

    Authors: Saida Sakhri, Ines Zemni, Mohamed Ali Ayadi, Salma Kamoun, Riadh Chargui and Tarek Ben Dhiab
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:108
  2. Methylmalonic acidemia is a very rare genetic metabolic disease. Patients with isolated methylmalonic acidemia typically present with acute alterations of consciousness, failure to thrive, anorexia, vomiting, ...

    Authors: Zahra Hakimzadeh, Abolfazl Gilani, Parsa Yousefichaijan and Roham Sarmadian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:73
  3. Current classification of chronic urticaria is primarily based on clinical presentation of skin manifestations. Hence, therapeutic treatment is primarily aimed locally for immediate symptom relief. We reason t...

    Authors: Doanh Nguyen and Philip Deitiker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:113
  4. Ileo-ileal knotting is a very rare cause of small bowel obstruction, and only a few reports have been published. Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is one of the most common emergency surgical conditions that requi...

    Authors: Yohannis Derbew Molla, Melese Birara Mequanint, Solomon Hailesilassie Bisrat, Gebrehiwot Aderaw Workneh and Hirut Tesfahun Alemu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:72
  5. While noninvasive imaging is typically used during the initial assessment of carotid artery disease, digital subtraction angiography remains the gold standard for evaluating carotid stent thrombosis and stenos...

    Authors: Zaki Masoud, Juan Felipe Daza-Ovalle and Charles Esenwa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:109
  6. The cardiovascular system is among the least systems affected by immune-related adverse events. We report a rare life-threatening case of pembrolizumab-induced myocarditis with complete atrioventricular block ...

    Authors: R. Saad, A. Ghaddar and R. M. Zeenny
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:107
  7. Sex cord gonadal stromal tumors compose less than 10% of all testicular neoplasms and consist of a variety of histological subtypes. In 2016, the World Health Organization introduced a novel subtype, the myoid...

    Authors: Klaus-Peter Dieckmann, Lars Tharun, Markus Angerer, Alexander Harms and Christian Wülfing
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:71
  8. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy is a highly prevalent pathology in the diabetic population, and is the leading cause of death in this population. Orthostatic hypotension is the main clinical manifestation of the ...

    Authors: Jama Dounia, Haless Kamal, Selmaoui Marouane, Haboub Meryem, Habbal Rachida, Drighil Abdenasser and Azzouzi Leila
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:102
  9. Acute compartment syndrome of the thigh after total knee arthroplasty is a rarely described complication. After the assessment of the diagnosis, immediate surgical intervention is necessary to prevent further ...

    Authors: Marie Schuster, Tobias Kappenschneider, Matthias Meyer and Dominik Emanuel Holzapfel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:65
  10. We present two genetic causes of polyhydramnios that were challenging to diagnose due to their rarity and complexity. In view of the severe implications, we wish to highlight these rare genetic conditions when...

    Authors: C. W. C. Lim, I. E. Lustestica, W. B. Poon and W. C. Tan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:97
  11. Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a rare yet locally invasive disorder impacting synovial tissues. This case report delineates the atypical manifestation of pigmented villonodular synovitis in the talonavicu...

    Authors: Omid Elahifar, Ali Torkaman, Moein Ghaeini and Arvin Eslami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:60
  12. Intracardiac thrombus and vascular air embolism represent rare complications in the context of orthotopic liver transplantation. While isolated reports exist for intracardiac thrombus and vascular air embolism...

    Authors: Jorge Sinclair De Frías, Lorenzo Olivero, Zachary Fleissner, Justin Burns, Ryan Chadha and Pablo Moreno Franco
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:59
  13. Bursitis is the inflammation of a synovial bursa, a small synovial fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between muscles, tendons, and bones. Further, calcific bursitis results from calcium deposits on the s...

    Authors: Nikhil N. Patel, Jean Jose and Cristina Pravia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:58
  14. Diabetes is a global health problem causing a significant burden on the healthcare systems both due to the disease itself and associated complications. Diabetic radiculoplexus neuropathies or Bruns–Garland syn...

    Authors: Sathyajith Ambawatte, Piyumi Wijewickrama, Kamal Gunarathne and Noel Somasundaram
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:99
  15. The synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is a rare condition. Its treatment remains a challenge for clinicians, and often yields mixed results.

    Authors: Stéphanie Dierckx, Jean-François Nisolle and Yves Boutsen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:57
  16. Taeniasis, is a worldwide foodborne zoonotic disease caused by two principal species; Taenia saginata and Taenia solium. The tapeworm infects the intestine causing taeniasis in humans. Taeniasis is a very rare pa...

    Authors: Mohammad Asees, Issam Jawabreh, Omar Hamarsheh, Ziad Abdeen, Ayoub Assi and Kifaya Azmi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:96
  17. Ependymomas are the third most common central nervous system tumor in the pediatric population; however, spinal ependymomas in children are rare. Ependymomas affecting the spinal cord most frequently occur in ...

    Authors: Keela R. Scott, Melissa A. Gener and Elena A. Repnikova
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:95
  18. Scleredema adultorum of Buschke is a rare disease characterized by firm and non-pitting edema of the skin. The condition is rare with unknown etiology. Diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical findings and s...

    Authors: Mehran Pournazari, Dena Mohamadzadeh, Shirin Assar and Mazaher Ramezani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:93
  19. Electrical injuries rarely result in fractures, such as long bone fractures and spinal fractures. A few articles have reported osteoporosis vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) caused by electrical injuries...

    Authors: Ruili Jia, Yanhao Sun, Chong Liu, Rui-chao Liu and Yubin Long
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:55
  20. Chiari malformation is one of the most common Central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities that can be detected in routine fetal scanning. Chiari malformation type I (CMI) is a congenital defect characterized by...

    Authors: Xuan-Hong Tomai, Huu-Trung Nguyen, Thanh-Truc Nguyen Thi, Tuan-Anh Nguyen and Thuy-Vy Nguyen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:90
  21. Neurosarcoidosis occurs symptomatically in 5–10% of patients with sarcoidosis, and hydrocephalus is a rare complication of neurosarcoidosis, with either acute or subacute onset and presenting symptoms related ...

    Authors: Edoardo Dalmato Schilke, Giulia Remoli, Claudia Cutellé, Claudia Balducci, Diletta Cereda, Maria Letizia Fusco, Lucio Tremolizzo, Carlo Ferrarese, Ildebrando Appollonio and Maura Frigo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:53
  22. Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a potentially life-threatening pregnancy-related condition characterized by left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure, typically occurring in the peripartum period. Ind...

    Authors: Ruth Evlin Margaretha, Yohanes W. H. George and Jefferson Hidayat
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:87
  23. Pneumocystis jirovecii (PJP) pneumonia is a serious life-threatening condition in immunocompromised individuals and is often associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) + patients. We describe a case of...

    Authors: Jacqueline Gri and Varun Jain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:52
  24. Considering the various manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 and its imperative importance in terms of the right clinical approach and early management, we sought to present a hemicentral retinal vein oc...

    Authors: Hamid Riazi-Esfahani, Reza Sadeghi, Mahdi Soleymanzadeh, Hossein Farrokhpour, Fatemeh Bazvand, Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Elias Khalili Pour and Masoud Mirghorbani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:50
  25. Satisfactory treatment for patients with unresectable advanced lung cancer has not yet been established. We report a case of unresectable advanced lung cancer (stage IIIb: T2aN3M0) treated with a total of 15 d...

    Authors: Takuya Kosumi, Masanori Kobayashi, Shigetaka Shimodaira, Haruo Sugiyama and Shigeo Koido
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:88
  26. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), or more recently known as arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM), is an heritable disorder of the myocardium characterized by progressive fibrofatty replace...

    Authors: Dinh Phong Phan, Tuan Viet Tran, Vo Kien Le and Tuan Viet Nguyen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:49
  27. Osteomas are asymptomatic, benign tumors and are diagnosed accidentally by radiological investigations conducted for other reasons. In some cases, they may cause aesthetic or functional symptoms by affecting n...

    Authors: Yamama Tawashi, Kenana Tawashi, Osama Ahmad, Aref Hamada and Khaleel Alhakeem
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:48
  28. Regorafenib is an oral diphenylurea multikinase inhibitor and currently approved for use following third-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Only one case has previously been reported...

    Authors: Koji Kikuchi, Masaaki Ogawa and Akira Sasaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:45
  29. Meningioma is the second most common intradural extramedullary tumor, following schwannoma. Meningioma is primarily categorized as benign World Health Organization grade 1, but clear cell meningioma is grade 2...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Horikawa, Satoshi Nozawa, Natsuko Suzui, Kazunari Yamada, Chizuo Iwai and Haruhiko Akiyama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:82
  30. Kimura’s disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that is seen in people of Asian descent. It is characterized by head and neck subcutaneous nodules along with lymphadenopathy, which...

    Authors: Zablon Mesfin Anbessie
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:44
  31. Secretory carcinoma (SC) has been described as a distinct salivary gland tumor in the fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of head and neck tumors. SC is generally considered as...

    Authors: Parisa Mokhles, Alireza Sadeghipour, Pegah Babaheidarian, Saleh Mohebbi, Zahra Keshtpour Amlashi, Mohammad Hadi Gharib, Mohammad Saeid Ahmadi and Zeinab Khastkhodaei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:78
  32. Patent omphalomesenteric duct is one of the birth defects included in the spectrum of vitelline duct abnormalities. It is a rare anomaly with estimated prevalence of 0.13–0.2% in the general population. The mo...

    Authors: Binyam Yohannes Wolde Hawariat, Amal Ousman Ali and Hana Abebe Gebreselassie
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:67
  33. A carotid-cavernous fistula is an abnormal communication between the arteries and veins within the cavernous sinus. While conservative management may be prudent in low risk cases, many patients require interve...

    Authors: Justin T. Hsieh, Ghim Song Chia, Chen Pong Wong, Winston Eng Hoe Lim and David W. Wen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:43
  34. Tight filum terminale is a rare and challenging condition to diagnose because it presents with nonspecific symptoms and unclear imaging findings. This report documents an atypical case of tight filum terminale.

    Authors: Taiju Miyagami, Hidetoshi Nojiri, Satoru Okada, Kiichi Mitsumoto, Kosuke Uemura and Toshio Naito
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:69
  35. Many patients with transverse myelitis suffer from sensory loss below the spinal level of the lesion. This is commonly associated with chronic neuropathic pain. However, the presence of somatic pain below a co...

    Authors: Benjamin D. Pesante, Mitch R. Paro, Tooba Nadeem, Ketan R. Bulsara and David B. Choi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:42
  36. Calcium channel blocker poisoning is one of the most lethal cardiac drugs overdoses. Calcium and high-dose insulin infusion are the first-line therapy for symptomatic patients, and Intralipid emulsion infusion...

    Authors: Amir Saeed and Amir Naghshzan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:68
  37. Although stroke and acute limb ischemia seem easily distinguishable by anamnesis and physical examination, symptoms may overlap and sometimes mislead the examiner. Such a situation can arise in the occurrence ...

    Authors: Monika Péčová, Jakub Benko, Martin Jozef Péč, Tomáš Bolek, Tatiana Hurtová, Juraj Sokol, Ján Staško, Matej Samoš and Marián Mokáň
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:66
  38. The kidney biopsy is a routine procedure. Once an indication has been established, the benefit–risk balance may be considered. Sometimes, even with effective treatment, a severe complication may develop.

    Authors: Ákos Pethő, Attila Fintha and Magdolna Kardos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:41
  39. Population-wide surveys and large-scale investigations highlighted the presence of cognitive deficits in the acute and postacute stages of severe COVID-19; a few studies documented their occurrence in cases wi...

    Authors: Valérie Beaud, Sonia Crottaz-Herbette, Vincent Dunet, Jean-François Knebel, Pierre-Alexandre Bart and Stephanie Clarke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:64
  40. There have been many reports of tumor-to-tumor metastasis, in which cancer metastasizes directly into meningiomas. However, metastasis infiltrating tumors in which cancer metastasizes around meningiomas are ra...

    Authors: Ryo Matsuzaki, Yutaka Fuchinoue, Masataka Mikai, Chie Nakada, Kei Uchino, Sayaka Terazono, Masashi Harada, Kosuke Kondo, Naoyuki Harada and Nobuo Sugo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:40
  41. We report a patient with extensive subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by the rupture of a middle cerebral artery pseudoaneurysm from a foreign body that had been left for two decades.

    Authors: Qiang Li, Zhengfang Jiang, Miao Yuan, Chenglang Xu and Lingyong Zeng
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:39
  42. The advent of biologics has resulted in major progress in the treatment of severe T2 high asthmatics. There are currently several classes of biologics approved for severe asthma including anti-immunoglobulin E...

    Authors: M. Sabbe, F. Schleich, P. Janssens and R. Louis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:63
  43. Angiosarcoma of the gallbladder is a rare diagnostic entity rarely encountered by pathologists and has rarely been reported in literature. This review aimed to examine the clinicopathological features, immunoh...

    Authors: Mahsa Salehi, Shafi Rehman, Sissmol Davis and Hamid Reza Jafari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:62
  44. Visceral Leishmaniasis should be suspected in every patient with a history of splenomegaly, fever, and pancytopenia. It is one of the most dangerous forms of infection and prompt recognition is the key to posi...

    Authors: Davit G. Chakhunashvili, Konstantine Chakhunashvili and Eka Kvirkvelia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:37

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