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  1. Paratesticular cellular angiofibroma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor. The optimal management is surgical resection due to the difficulty of preoperative accurate diagnosis.

    Authors: Takaya Murashima, Kazutaka Kida, Toshihiro Gi, Takuya Hida, Masato Fujii, Takahiro Nagai, Hiroki Takamori, Shoichiro Mukai, Yuichiro Sato and Toshiyuki Kamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:170
  2. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by impaired gluconeogenesis. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1 (FBP1) mutations demonstrate ethnic patterns. For instance, T...

    Authors: Maher Almousa, Mohammad Aljomaa, Shekhey Hamey and Diana Alasmar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:166
  3. Herpes zoster is a common disease that can affect men and women at any age. Sensory neuropathy is the most common complication while motor neuropathy of the abdominal muscles is rare complication appearing in ...

    Authors: Toshihiko Yagyu, Yoshikazu Yakami and Tomoki Bando
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:165
  4. Graves’ disease is the autoimmune activation of the thyroid gland causing diffuse enlargement and hyperfunction of the gland. Manifestations of Graves’ disease are multisystemic and include thyroid orbitopathy...

    Authors: Loay Tashkandi, Afaf Alsagheir, Saud Alobaida and Raghad Alhuthil
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:164
  5. Considering the enormous burden represented by the opioid use disorder (OUD), it is important to always consider, when implementing opioid agonist therapy (OAT), the potential impact on patient’s adherence, qu...

    Authors: Claudio Pierlorenzi, Marco Nunzi, Sabino Cirulli, Giovanni Francesco Maria Direnzo, Lucia Curatella, Sandra Liberatori, Annalisa Pascucci, Edoardo Petrone, Generoso Ventre, Concettina Varango, Maria Luisa Pulito, Antonella Varango, Cosimo Dandolo, Brunella Occupati, Roberta Marenzi and Claudio Leonardi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:202
  6. S-lon® (S) is a locally produced polyvinyl chloride-based solvent cement. It is a clear, slightly viscous liquid. Other constituents include 1-cyclohexanone, 3-butanone, and 1-acetone. It is used ubiquitously for...

    Authors: S. R. Marambahewa, D. A. C. T Chandrasiri, W. A. I. C. Wijesekara and B. M. Munasinghe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:155
  7. A long-term ruxolitinib-treated patient with primary myelofibrosis, who was co-infected with aspergillosis infection during a short period, developed acute invasive fungal sinusitis with consequent orbit apex ...

    Authors: Zhiyuan Tang and Zhaohui Shi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:199
  8. The activity level of alkaline phosphatase, a zinc-requiring enzyme in the serum, is used to indicate zinc nutritional status; however, it does not correlate with serum zinc levels or subjective symptoms of ta...

    Authors: Ken-ichiro Sakata, Ayako Hashimoto, Taiho Kambe, Jun Sato, Noritaka Ohga, Yutaka Yamazaki, Masahide Koyachi, Itagaki Tatsuki, Mai Okada, Okura Taro, Hiroshi Hikasa and Yoshimasa Kitagawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:198
  9. The main cause of vocal cord palsy (VCP) is idiopathic impairment of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). However, solid tumors along the pathway of the RLN can also impact the nerve’s function. We presented a...

    Authors: Andrii Hryshchyshyn, Andrii Bahrii, Andrii Bazyshen and Hryhorii Bohush
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:149
  10. Collarbone fracture is a common injury, particularly among athletes involved in contact sports and participating in endurance activities. Conventional treatment requires surgery and postoperative immobilizatio...

    Authors: Lennart Gerdesmeyer, Rainer Burgkart and Amol Saxena
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:197
  11. To our knowledge, there is no previous report in the literature of non-traumatic neglected complete cervical spine dislocation characterized by anterior spondyloptosis of C4, extreme head drop, and irreducible...

    Authors: Camille Lecouvet, Pierre Geradon, Xavier Banse, Gauthier Rausin, Nicolas Guyot and Frederic E. Lecouvet
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:138
  12. Diabetes insipidus is a syndrome characterized by polyuria, which is almost always associated with polydipsia. The most frequent cause is central diabetes insipidus, which is the result of an inadequate secret...

    Authors: Anuradha Kadel, Nikita Kharal, Srijana Sapkota, Prakash Pokhrel, Arun Kumar Sharma, Aseem Bhattarai, Mithileshwer Raut, Raju Kumar Dubey, Eans Tara Tuladhar, Vijay Kumar Sharma and Apeksha Niraula
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:133
  13. Amyand’s hernia (AH) is an appendix (with or without acute inflammation) trapped within an inguinal hernia. Most AH with acute appendicitis had a preexisting appendix within the hernia sac. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Yau-Ren Chang, Yu-Tung Wu and Chi-Hsun Hsieh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:194
  14. Plasmapheresis represent an alternative therapeutic option for hyperthyroidism with thyroid storm or refractory cases. It provides a rapid decrease in plasma thyroid hormones and anti-thyroid antibodies. The a...

    Authors: I. Rami, D. Zerrouki, I. Assarrar, S. Rouf and H. Latrech
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:193
  15. Choriocarcinoma is a rare and highly malignant form of gestational trophoblastic disease that may develop following pregnancy, abortion, or a hydatiform mole. Renal metastatic involvement by post molar chorioc...

    Authors: Mahsa Geravandi, Ali Hajihashemi, Atoosa Adibi and Reza Habibi Tirtashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:132
  16. Duplex or vermiform appendix refers to the presence of an appendix beside the naturally occurring one. Although, duplex appendix emerges from the caecum most of the time, yet it is encountered in other parts o...

    Authors: Ahmed Taha Elsherbini, Mohamed A. Atta, Sahar Elshahat and Mohamed H. Emara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:188
  17. Pancreaticopleural fistula is a rare complication of pancreatitis and poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. This case report sheds light on the unique challenges posed by pancreaticopleural fistula as a...

    Authors: Milan Khadka, Suzit Bhusal, Binod Pantha, Rabin Gautam, Kapil Gautam and Ashlesha Chaudhary
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:131
  18. Fractures of the clavicle are common injuries, which often require reduction and internal fixation. Although Kirschner pins have been commonly used to treat these fractures with good results, migration of thes...

    Authors: Kaouther Ben Amara, Sarra Zairi, Bechir Ben Radhia, Mahdi Abdennadher, Hazem Zribi and Adel Marghli
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:184
  19. Brain abscesses are rare but potentially fatal condition and can be associated with cyanotic congenital heart disease of which 5–18.7% of these patients that develop cerebral abscess commonly have tetralogy of...

    Authors: Larrey Kasereka Kamabu, Franck Katembo Sikakulya, Louange Maha Kataka, Bives Nzanzu Mutume Vivalya, Hervé Monka Lekuya, Doomwin Oscar Deogratius Obiga, Juliet Nalwanga Sekabunga and Godfrey S. Bbosa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:183
  20. Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase deficiency is a rare genetic disorder causing hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia. It is the second most common glycolytic enzymopathy in red blood cells. About 90 cases ar...

    Authors: Sissel Holme, Richard van Wijk, Andreas Ørslev Rasmussen, Jesper Petersen and Andreas Glenthøj
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:130
  21. Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis in which the activated histiocytes of the lymph nodes and other organs begin to accumulate following excessive production. Bilateral, ...

    Authors: Tanapong Wongrat and Siripan Sangmala
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:182
  22. Trials of cholinergic and glutamatergic agents have improved cognition and memory for the geriatric schizophrenic population. Donepezil is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor that improves cognition by preventin...

    Authors: Nkolika Odenigbo, Stanley Nkemjika, Ayodele Atolagbe, Christian Nwabueze, Connie Olwit, Jeffery Lawrence and Tolulope Olupona
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:129
  23. Breast metastasis from primary ovarian cancer is rare, with an estimated frequency of 0.07%. More than 110 cases are reported in the literature of metastatic spread of ovarian cancer to the breast and axilla. ...

    Authors: Sofia Dueño, Rachel Stein, Mohsin Jamal, Gregory Lewis and Karina Hew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:127
  24. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative bacteria known for causing opportunistic and nosocomial infections in humans. S. maltophilia is an emerging pathogen of concern due to it’s increasing prevalence, d...

    Authors: Williams Oluwatosin Adefila, Isaac Osie, Modou Lamin Keita, Baleng Mahama Wutor, Abdulsalam Olawale Yusuf, Ilias Hossain, Minteh Molfa, Ousman Barjo, Rasheed Salaudeen and Grant Mackenzie
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:180
  25. As an oncologic emergency related to abnormalities in calcium metabolism, hypercalcemia associated with paraneoplastic syndrome and bone metastases is well known. Meanwhile, the incidence of hypocalcemia is lo...

    Authors: Yurina Yanase, Hiroko Bando, Riko Sato, Tomohei Matsuo, Aya Ueda, Mai Okazaki, Sachie Hashimoto, Akiko Iguchi-Manaka and Hisato Hara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:150
  26. Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is classified among the benign ovarian germ cell neoplasms, and its malignant transformation occurs very rarely (in about 2%). As a result of nonspecific signs and symptoms,...

    Authors: Amir Masoud Jafari-Nozad, Najmeh Jahani and Narges Nazeri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:145
  27. Menstruation is a developmental milestone and usually marks healthy and normal pubertal changes in females. Menarche refers to the onset of first menstruation in a female. The causes of primary amenorrhea incl...

    Authors: Shriya Devendra Tayade, Nadia Mehdi, Rajani Dube, Vaishnavi Bose, Ashna Ameer, Zainabsadat Tabatabaei Hakim and Arnaud Wattiez
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:126
  28. Dry needling is an intervention used by physiotherapists to manage muscle spasticity. We report the effects of three sessions of dry needling on ankle plantar flexor muscle spasticity and cortical excitabilit...

    Authors: Haniyeh Choobsaz, Nastaran Ghotbi and Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:125
  29. Primary brain rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare primary brain malignancy with few case reports. The vast majority of cases of primary brain rhabdomyosarcoma occur in pediatric patients, and immunohistochemistry can d...

    Authors: Layal Al Mahmasani, Marwan Najjar, Roula Hourany, Abeer Tabbarah, Sara Sinno, Nathalie Chamseddine, Reine Abou Zeidane, Ghid Amhaz, Bassem Youssef and Hazem I. Assi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:178
  30. Diprosopus, or craniofacial duplication, is a rare entity that occurs in approximately 1 in 180,000 to 15 million live births. The degree of duplication varies from complete facial duplication to small facial ...

    Authors: Fathia Omer Salah, Yohannes Girma Zewdie, Semienew Ambachew, Amal Saleh Nour and Tewodros Endale
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:176
  31. Fractures with delayed healing can be a serious complication, especially for athletes depending on quick return to sports. To our knowledge, no cases of increased healing of delayed union fractures with autolo...

    Authors: Torbjörn Ogéus
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:124
  32. Bladder leiomyomas are rare benign growths in the bladder, comprising less than 0.5% of bladder tumors with only 250 cases reported globally. They are more common in women. This case involves a 70-year-old wom...

    Authors: Fnu Yogeeta, Zubda Malik, Sameer Abdul Rauf, Muskan Devi, Fnu Tooba, Syed Abdan Jamalvi, Marium Rashid and Humaira Erum
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:173
  33. Giant cell tumor of soft tissue is a low malignant uncommon neoplasm, with histologic features and immunophenotype similar to its bone counterpart. Primary giant cell tumor of soft tissue in the thyroid gland ...

    Authors: Jianrong Chen, Haiyong Zhang, Xiufang Li, Mengjun Hu and Xiaomin Dai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:123
  34. Head and neck are a site of numerous pathologies with different aetiologies and presentations. Rare pathologies, although infrequent still do exist. Diagnostic dilemma in maxillofacial pathologies can be the m...

    Authors: Pavithra Sarda, Prashanthi Gurram, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Vivek Narayanan, Saravanan Chandran and Divya Vinayachandran
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:174
  35. This case report is applicable to the field of ophthalmology because there is a paucity of medical literature related to the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of uveal effusion syndrome. This is...

    Authors: Brittany Hodges, Felix Omoruyi and Karen Allison
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:169
  36. Short bowel syndrome (SBS) in adults is defined as having less than 180 to 200 cm of remaining small bowel. Many literature sources do not provide precise epidemiological data, and challenges in estimating the...

    Authors: Saulius Švagždys, Ieva Smolskaitė and Rūta Vindžigalskytė
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:122
  37. Cystadenoma of the salivary glands is a rare benign clinical condition affecting both major and minor salivary glands equally. It constitutes approximately 2% of total neoplasms and 4.2–4.7% of benign formatio...

    Authors: Alberto Caranti, Roberto Spasiano, Renato Piantanida, Salvatore Catalano, Ruggero Campisi, Manuela Bergmann and Matteo Trimarchi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:172
  38. Aeromonas veronii is a very rare and highly pathogenic microorganism. We investigate the clinical characteristics and significance of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Aeromonas veronii in our patient.

    Authors: Jiali Lin, Haibin Zhong, Qi Chen, Ling Cui, Fan Xu and Fen Tang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:171
  39. Interstitial ectopic pregnancy is an ectopic gestation developing in the uterine part of the fallopian tube. The condition is rare and presents challenges for clinical as well as radiological diagnosis. This c...

    Authors: Clovis Achassi Tankeng, Quinta Mua Ekei, Yannick Lechedem Ngunyi, Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Elvis Nkengasong Ajabmoh and Alfred Awa Mokom
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:168
  40. Pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 infection usually presents with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. In this report we present fulminant meningitis as the main presentation of coronavirus disease 2019...

    Authors: Shahla Afsharpayman, Sedigheh Madani, Susan Amirsalari, Nooradin Momeni, Mohammad Torkaman, Fatemeh Beiraghdar, Zohreh Kavehmanesh and Zahra Hosseininezhad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:121
  41. Sebaceous carcinoma is a very rare malignant skin adnexal tumor that is occasionally aggressive. We have not seen a case of sebaceous carcinoma in our center in the last 10 years. It is extremely rare in Black...

    Authors: Olaejirinde Olaniyi Olaofe, Bolajoko Abidemi Adewara, Chigozie Chidozie Okongwu and Yusuf Olanrewaju Abdullahi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:159

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