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  1. Septic pulmonary embolism (SPE), deep vein thrombophlebitis (DVT), and acute osteomyelitis (AOM) form a triad that is rarely seen in children and is usually associated with a history of trauma on long bones. U...

    Authors: Mohammad Sheikh Najeeb, Afif Alshwaiki, Nafiza Martini, Tamim Alsuliman, Banan Alkharat and Ali Alrstom
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:471
  2. Clopidogrel and ticagrelor are rarely reported to cause vasculitis via drug hypersensitivity reaction, largely mediated by T cells and immunoglobulin E (IgE). Despite therapeutic advances, the etiology of refr...

    Authors: Mark Jovanovic and Miso Sabovic
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:470
  3. Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease is an uncommon systemic disease that mostly affects young women. Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease typically manifests as necrotizing lymphadenopathy, which frequently follows by a fever; howev...

    Authors: Maysam Yousefi, Mohammad Rezaei Zadeh Rukerd, Hanieh Binafar, Sahar Shoaie, Hanieh Mirkamali, Pouria Pourzand and Roxana Kaveh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:448
  4. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is one of the most common congenital cardiac anomalies. Patients with perimembranous VSD may have aortic regurgitation (AR) secondary to prolapse of the aortic cusp.

    Authors: Edmond Haliti, Besim Bytyçi, Michael Y. Henein, Gani Bajraktari and Ibadete Bytyçi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:446
  5. Congenital lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) is a rare but significant condition affecting fetal urinary tract development. LUTO has a range of etiologies, with posterior urethral valves (PUV) being the m...

    Authors: Max Adriaenssens and Veerle De Boe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:445
  6. This paper analyzed the cases of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) in the diagnosis and treatment process.

    Authors: Peixin Wang, Lele Zhang, Wenqian Zhang, Tiejun Shi, Yikun Sun, Shaojie Cui, Dan Zhang, Fanxuan Kong and Tao Wang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:467
  7. The most common source of pyogenic liver abscess is biliary tract infection. Other less common routes include the spread of bacteria from distant foci. However, direct extension of a perinephric infection focu...

    Authors: Octavio J. Salgado, Katherine S. Pesantes-Barros, Beatriz C. Rosales and Lizette Espinosa-Martin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:440
  8. Familial Mediterranean fever and Behçet’s disease are distinct disorders that are prevalent in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern populations. They are characterized by unprovoked inflammatory episodes cause...

    Authors: Adhora Mir, Catherine Ivory and Juthaporn Cowan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:438
  9. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-induced disease is one of the important causes of flu-like illness in older adults and can cause serious disease in those who are at high-risk medical conditions. During coron...

    Authors: Elham Barahimi, Mehdi Hassani Azad, Zahra Ghaeini Hesarooeyeh, Niloofar Hosseini Hafshejani, Sahar Defaee and Narjes Seddighi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:437
  10. Type B lactic acidosis is a rare but serious side effect of metformin use. The risk of metformin-associated lactic acidosis is elevated in renal or liver impairment, heart failure and in metformin overdose. Me...

    Authors: Diana Yusim, Bogdan Tiru, Marat Abdullin, Daniel L. Landry, Spencer Hodgins and Gregory L. Braden
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:462
  11. Metabolic bone disease causes significant morbidity and mortality, especially when misdiagnosed. With genetic testing, multiple disease pathologies can be analyzed.

    Authors: Mohammed Alsabri, Hannah Street, Aaron Sircy and Bahaaeldin Labib
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:436
  12. An estimated 119,300 new cases of cervical cancer occur annually in China, accounting for 372,00 deaths. Cutaneous metastasis from cervical cancer is a rare event, with an incidence of 0.1–1.3% and typically a...

    Authors: Ying Dai, Yufei Zhang, Xue Ke, Yunqin Liu and Chunbao Zang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:435
  13. Medullary carcinoma of the colon is a rare subtype of colorectal cancer that has a unique, and sometimes varied, clinical and histologic profile. It usually presents in adult patients older than 50 years. Here...

    Authors: Fajer Al-Ishaq, Mahmood Al-Dhaheri, Ali Toffaha, Salwa Awad, Syed Rizvi, Mohamed AbuNada and Mohamed Kurer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:434

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:483

  14. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disease (MOGAD) is a recently described autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). There is limited data on the association be...

    Authors: Yohane Gadama, Marié Du Preez, Jonathan Carr, Sarel Theron, Christine Albertyn, Kenneth Ssebambulidde, Deanna Saylor, Naeem Brey and Franclo Henning
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:457
  15. Shoulder injury related to vaccine administration, defined as shoulder pain and limited range of motion occurring after administration in the upper arm, has been previously reported. The symptom resolved compl...

    Authors: Masahiro Miyano, Yukinori Tsukuda, Shigeto Hiratsuka, Masanari Hamasaki and Norimasa Iwasaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:456
  16. Details of improved gait ability after wide resection of soft tissue sarcomas that necessitate removal of portions of the quadricep muscle have not yet been reported. We describe a patient with improved gait a...

    Authors: Ippei Kitade, Hisashi Oki, Takumi Sakamoto and Akihiko Matsumine
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:432
  17. Huntington’s disease is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by personality changes (such as irritability and restlessness) and psychotic symptoms (such as hallucinations and delusions). When...

    Authors: Kazumasa Saigoh, Makito Hirano, Yoshiyuki Mitsui, Itsuki Oda, Atsuko Ikegawa, Makoto Samukawa, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Yuko Yamagishi, Susumu Kusunoki and Yoshitaka Nagai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:431
  18. Tirofiban is a nonpeptide glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist used widely in patients subjected to percutaneous coronary intervention. While the usage of tirofiban sets an important clinical benefit, sev...

    Authors: Ze-Mu Wang, Bin Wang, Ya-Fei Li, Bei Chen, Qin Shen, Dian-Fu Li and Lian-Sheng Wang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:430
  19. Acute suppurative thyroiditis is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease. A few cases of acute suppurative thyroiditis associated with thyrotoxicosis have been reported in adults. We report a case of a...

    Authors: Zeynab Seyedjavadeyn, Seyed Amir Miratashi Yazdi, Alireza Samimiat and Matin Vahedi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:428
  20. Gustilo–Anderson type IIIc tibial open fracture with large bone defects in elderly patients with severe osteoporosis is a rare injury that may be a challenging clinical scenario.

    Authors: Koji Nozaka, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Motoki Mita and Yoichi Shimada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:452
  21. Chromosomal aberrations are as common as 13.8% in the infertile population. The incidence of pericentric inversion of chromosome 9 is approximately 1–3%. However, although these inversions do not alternate phe...

    Authors: Mohammad Marwan Alhalabi, Ameer Kakaje and Marwan Alhalabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:427
  22. Erdheim Chester disease (ECD) is a rare disease with multisystemic involvement in the group of non-langerhans cell histiocytosis. Although nearly 100 years have passed since its definition, the number of cases...

    Authors: Ersin Bozan, Tahir Darçın, Samet Yaman, Tuğçe Nur Yiğenoğlu, Merih Kızıl Çakar, Mehmet Sinan Dal and Fevzi Altuntaş
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:426
  23. Miyakoshi et al. reported three cases of tethered cord syndrome treated by spine-shortening vertebral osteotomy, which provided relief of the patients’ symptoms with no complications. Although the details of thes...

    Authors: Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Eiji Abe and Yoichi Shimada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:425
  24. Stuttering may include repetition of words in whole or part, difficulty saying words, and elongated pauses in speech. Approximately 5% of children stutter for a period lasting 6 months or more. Most of those c...

    Authors: Dan Bolton, Tegest Hailu and Christina A. Porucznik
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:447
  25. Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a gas used in medicine for its analgesic, anxiolytic and amnesic properties. It is a drug considered safe if adequately administered. In the literature, accidental N2O-related deaths are ra...

    Authors: Andrea Cioffi, Camilla Cecannecchia, Maria Antonella Bosco, Giovanni Gurgoglione, Benedetta Baldari and Stefania De Simone
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:424
  26. Spontaneous colon perforation can be classified into stercoral and idiopathic. Stercoral type is associated with chronic constipation, thus it is rare in infants and children. The idiopathic type is sporadic a...

    Authors: Netsanet Solomon, Tilahun Habte, Seifu Alemu and Ayana Sori
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:423
  27. Amyloidosis is a collection of disorders characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid, a specialized fibrous protein, in diverse tissues, leading to functional impairments.

    Authors: Shuntaro Aoki, Takashi Kawahara, Hironao Tajirika, Masato Yasui, Hideyuki Terao, Makoto Funahashi, Kazuhide Makiyama, Hiroji Uemura, Hiroyuki Hayashi and Junichi Ohta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:443
  28. Although isolated fractures of the ulnar shaft are considered common and relatively benign injuries, numerous complications can arise especially in the context of suboptimal care pathways. For pediatric patien...

    Authors: Filippo Zanotti, Gabriele Molteni, Umberto Lavagnolo, Riccardo Nocini and Massimo Corain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:422
  29. Here we report the only formally documented case in the United Kingdom, to our knowledge, of a cerebral fat embolism secondary to non-iatrogenic trauma through a Tarlov cyst. This case demonstrates the patholo...

    Authors: Delran Anandkumar, Umayr Jakhura, Kathleen Potter and Ibrahim Bhatti
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:444
  30. The Mitrofanoff (appendicovesicostomy) procedure is a contraindicated urinary modification that maintains urinary continence by forming a flap-valve mechanism at the site of anastomosis between the appendage a...

    Authors: Shotaro Yamamoto, Takashi Kawahara, Tomoki Saito, Takahiro Hanai, Teppei Takeshima, Junichi Teranishi, Kazuhide Makiyama and Hiroji Uemura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:442
  31. Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the excessive production and accumulation of oxalate. We present five cases of PH, each exhibiting varying manifestations of the disorder ...

    Authors: Jawad Iqbal Rather, Rabiya Rasheed, Muzafar Maqsood Wani, Mohammad Ashraf Bhat and Imtiyaz Ahmad Wani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:421
  32. Behçet’s disease (BD) is a chronic systemic disease characterized by vasculitis as the basic pathological change. BD is rare, and gastrointestinal involvement occurs in 3% to 25% of affected patients. This art...

    Authors: Lin Li, Jing Wang, Huifang Li, Chiyi He and Xiaoping Niu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:439
  33. This case reports the synchronous diagnosis of two rare unrelated diseases; leiomyosarcoma and tenosynovial giant cell tumor of the knee. It focuses on the challenges of diagnosing tenosynovial giant cell tumo...

    Authors: Sonam Ansel, Xiangfei Yan, Peter Chong, Steven Lo, Mark McCleery, Ashish Mahendra, Elaine MacDuff, Fiona Cowie, Ioanna Nixon and Jeff White
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:419
  34. Although hydatid cyst remains one of the prevalent parasitic infections in humans, hydatid cyst of the thyroid is extremely rare, even in endemic areas. Here we present two cases of thyroid hydatid cysts.

    Authors: Mohammad Mostafa Safarpour, Shiva Aminnia, Amirreza Dehghanian, Roham Borazjani, Hamid Reza Abbassi, Shahram Boland Parvaz and Shahram Paydar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:417
  35. Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is defined as neoplasm resembling morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics of mature histiocytes. It is a rare form of lymphoid neoplasms. Despite advances in treatment and d...

    Authors: Mahsa Salehi, Shafi Rehman, Miraa Qutab, Ruba Altheeb, Rashmi Prakash and Hamid Reza Jafari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:416
  36. Single-time non-invasive brain stimulation was carried out using the two-technique approach on a patient suffering from treatment-resistant depression. Five treatment sessions given at weekly intervals resulte...

    Authors: Pakorn Wivatvongvana, Chutimon Soonthornthum and Kittipong Kitisak
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:415
  37. Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that generally presents an aggressive clinical course. It is strongly associated with human immunodeficency virus (HIV) infection, and the most com...

    Authors: Abbas Ali Hussain, Aresha Masood Shah and Sumeet Kumar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:414
  38. Deoxyguanosine kinase deficiency is mainly manifested by hepatic and neurological damage, hence it belongs to the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid depletion syndrome. The association ...

    Authors: Alice Ramboux, Alain Poncelet, Philippe Clapuyt, Isabelle Scheers, Etienne Sokal, Raymond Reding and Xavier Stephenne
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:413
  39. Congenital heart disease occurs in approximately 1 in 100 cases. Although sibling occurrence is high (3–9%), the causative genes for this disease are still being elucidated. PLD1 (Phospholipase D1) is a recently ...

    Authors: Yuki Masuda, Yoko Nagayasu, Hikaru Murakami, Ruri Nishie, Natsuko Morita, Sosuke Hashida, Atsushi Daimon, Misa Nunode, Hiroshi Maruoka, Masae Yoo, Takumi Sano, Yutaka Odanaka, Satoe Fujiwara, Daisuke Fujita, Nobuhiko Okamoto and Masahide Ohmichi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:411
  40. Current guidelines for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) recommend that each tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is indicated even for driver mutation-positive patients with a poor performance status (PS). In pre...

    Authors: Akinori Sasaki, Yutaro Fujimoto, Takashi Inada, Azusa Ishizuka, Jun Ehara, Shin Ogita and Yasuhiro Norisue
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:410
  41. Wolfram syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder that affects 1/200,000 to 1/1,000,000 children. It is characterized by juvenile onset diabetes, optic nerve atrophy and other systemic ...

    Authors: Maryem Sahli, Abdelali Zrhidri, Imad Boualaoui, Imane Cherkaoui Jaouad, Youssef El Kadiri, Yassine Nouini and Abdelaziz Sefiani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:409
  42. Autoimmune bullous disorders develop due to autoantibodies targeting intercellular adhesion proteins of hemidesmosomes and desmosomes and may be triggered by viral infections and vaccines. Recent reports sugge...

    Authors: Cody J. Rasner, Brittney Schultz, Kimberly Bohjanen and David R. Pearson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:408
  43. The BRCA2 gene is a well-known tumor suppressor gene implicated in breast and ovarian cancers. BRCA1/2 mutations can be sensitive to poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors such as olaparib. However, some of...

    Authors: Auro del Giglio, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves, André Márcio Murad and Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:407
  44. Transplant recipients are at high risk of coronavirus disease 2019, and a timely supply of antivirals should be prioritized for those patients. Complicated drug‒drug interactions limit the use of Paxlovid (nir...

    Authors: Wei Luo, Yu He, Mao Gang Wei, Guang Bing Lu and Qun Yi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:406

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