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  1. Nitrofurantoin is a commonly used drug in the treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections. Many adverse effects of nitrofurantoin have been documented, including aplastic anemia, polyneuritis, and liv...

    Authors: Natascha N T Goemaere, Karin Grijm, Peter Th W van Hal and Michael A den Bakker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:169
  2. Primary pancreatic lymphoma is a very rare but manageable malignant tumour which may be clinically confused as a pancreatic carcinoma. This case report demonstrates the value of surgical resection in the manag...

    Authors: Theodore Liakakos, Evangelos P Misiakos, Dimitrios Tsapralis, Irene Nikolaou, Gabriel Karatzas and Anastasios Macheras
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:167
  3. Pancreas divisum is a congenital anatomical anomaly characterized by the lack of fusion of the ventral and dorsal parts of the pancreas during the eighth week of fetal development. This condition is found in 5...

    Authors: Massimo De Filippo, Emiliano Giudici, Nicola Sverzellati and Maurizio Zompatori
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:166
  4. Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy is a minimally invasive technique used increasingly for the assessment of mammographically detected, non-palpable breast lesions. The effectiveness of vacuum-assisted breast biops...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Dimitra Koulocheri, Georgia Giannakopoulou, Aphrodite Nonni, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Ioannis Flessas, John Bramis and George C Zografos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:165
  5. Nephrogenic adenomas are generally considered to be benign lesions, but there remains a risk for malignant transformation. Patients with immunosuppression in particular appear to be at a higher risk of maligna...

    Authors: Edwin Hungerhuber, Ekkehard Bach, Arndt Hartmann, Dominic Frimberger, Christian Stief and Dirk Zaak
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:164
  6. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a distinct clinical entity that can present as a rare life-threatening event characterized by sudden onset of bleeding into the retroperitoneal space, occurring in ass...

    Authors: Stavros I Daliakopoulos, Andreas Bairaktaris, Dimitrios Papadimitriou and Perikles Pappas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:162
  7. Internal hernias are a rare cause of small bowel obstruction and are estimated to account for 1% to 5% of cases. Herniation through a defect in the sigmoid mesocolon constitutes 6% of all internal hernias.

    Authors: Danielle Collins, Dara Kavanagh, Eddie Myers, Steve Richards and Enda McDermott
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:161
  8. Pentazocine, a synthetic narcotic analgesic, is commonly used for the relief of moderate to severe pain secondary to various conditions. It is usually well tolerated; however, adverse effects are not uncommon,...

    Authors: Vinay Goyal, Jatinder M Chawla, Yatan P S Balhara, Garima Shukla, Sumit Singh and Madhuri Behari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:160
  9. Myofibroblastoma of the breast is a rare benign stromal tumour seen predominantly in men. The gross appearance is that of a well-circumscribed nodule, characteristically small, seldom exceeding 3 cm. We presen...

    Authors: Abeywardana M S Abeysekara, H P Priyantha Siriwardana, K F Abbas, Peter Tanner and Akin A Ojo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:157
  10. Strongyloides stercoralis infection affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. As immigration rates and international travel increase, so does the number of cases of strongyloidiasis in the United States....

    Authors: Catherine J Hunter, Mikael Petrosyan and Morris Asch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:156
  11. People with schizophrenia are at increased risk of developing metabolic disturbances. This risk may be further exacerbated by the use of antipsychotic agents. Research is still ongoing to determine the metabol...

    Authors: Romina Lopez Gaston, Mohan George and Nangai Azhahan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:155
  12. The spontaneous rupture of an infected renal cyst is a rare event. Spontaneous rupture with drainage to the exterior through a surgical scar has not been reported previously.

    Authors: Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Peter L Hughes, Tun Oo and Bakul M Soni
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:154
  13. Dynamic retinal vessel analysis represents a well-established method for the assessment of vascular reactivity during both normal conditions and after various provocations. We present a case where the subject ...

    Authors: Rebekka Heitmar, Doina Gherghel, Richard Armstrong, Robert Cubbidge and Sarah Hosking
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:153
  14. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is an increasingly recognized cause of pulmonary disease in immunocompetent individuals. An acute form of MAC lung disease, MAC-associated pneumonitis, has generally been associ...

    Authors: Victor Zota, Sheryn M Angelis, Armando E Fraire, Ciaran McNamee, Shasta Kielbasa and Daniel H Libraty
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:152
  15. Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma is an autoimmune rheumatic disease characterized by organ-based fibrosis. Renal involvement in scleroderma occurs mainly in the form of scleroderma renal crisis, affecting 5 t...

    Authors: Arunachalam Ramaswami, Thiraviam Kandaswamy, Tholappan Rajendran, Kizhake Pisharam Jeyakrishnan, Hla Aung, Mohammaed Iqbal, Chakko K Jacob, Haji Shaukat Zinna and Gazala Kafeel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:151
  16. Deep accidental hypothermia (body temperature below 28°C) is rare and has a high mortality rate. Successful resuscitation usually occurs in the young, but a prompt intervention using a portable extracorporeal ...

    Authors: Simone S Cooper, Thomas J Papadimos, Jeffery A Campbell, Gregory J Cerilli, Shuab Omer, Anthony L Braida and Ali M Hassan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:150
  17. Hepatic and splenic hemangiomas are common benign tumors that mainly affect female patients. Giant splenic hemangiomas are extremely rare, especially when correlated with multiple hepatic hemangiomas. Pathogen...

    Authors: George Chatzoulis, Andreas Kaltsas, Stauros Daliakopoulos, Osama Sallam, Kaltsa Maria, Kostas Chatzoulis and Ioannis Pachiadakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:147
  18. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disease that causes acute or chronic hemolytic anemia and potentially leads to severe jaundice in response to oxidative agents. This defici...

    Authors: Gladys Cossio de Gurrola, Juan José Araúz, Elfilda Durán, Maribel Aguilar-Medina, Rosalío Ramos-Payán, Noemí García-Magallanes, Gerardo Vaca Pacheco and Eliakym Arámbula Meraz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:146
  19. Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia (BOOP) may often present initially as a recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax and then develop multi-system complications.

    Authors: Indranil Chakravorty, William LG Oldfield and Carlos MH Gómez
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:145
  20. Congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are very rare benign lesions. They are more common in women and rarely manifest in elderly people. In some cases they present with massive hematuria. Contemp...

    Authors: P Sountoulides, I Zachos, K Paschalidis, I Asouhidou, A Fotiadou, A Bantis, M Palasopoulou and T Podimatas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:144
  21. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common condition in the United Kingdom with the prevalence varying from 21% in infants aged 0–6 months to 6.4% at the age of 16 years. Patients with AD experience high rates of colo...

    Authors: Gadha Mohiyiddeen, Ian Brett and Edward Jude
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:143
  22. Angio-osteohypotrophic syndrome is also known as Servelle-Martorell angiodysplasia. It is characterized by venous or, rarely, arterial malformations, which may result in limb hypertrophy and bony hypoplasia. E...

    Authors: Raju Karuppal, Rajendran V Raman, Brijesh P Valsalan, TS Gopakumar, Chathoth Meethal Kumaran and Chembu Kara Vasu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:142
  23. Postoperative spinal extradural hematomas are rare. Most of the cases that have been reported occured within 3 days of surgery. Their occurrence in a delayed form, that is, more than 72 hours after surgery, is...

    Authors: Chandra JKB Parthiban and Shiju A Majeed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:141
  24. Two species of Ehrlichia are known to cause human illness. Several other species have been discovered in ticks and animals, and recent reports suggest that some of these Ehrlichia species might be human pathogens...

    Authors: Will K Reeves, Amanda D Loftis, William L Nicholson and Alan G Czarkowski
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:139
  25. Radiation-induced morphea (RIM) of the breast is a rare complication of radiotherapy. It is disfiguring, painful and defeats the purpose of achieving a good cosmesis in breast-conservation surgery. This report...

    Authors: Nellie LC Cheah, Daniel WY Wong and Anula D Chetiyawardana
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:136
  26. Iliopsoas pseudotumour is a serious complication of haemophilia. We present the case of a 20-year-old male patient with a six-month history of left leg weakness, limitation of movement and wasting of the muscl...

    Authors: Azan S Al Saadi, Ali H Al Wadan, Sami A El Hamarneh and Mohamed E Emad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:135
  27. Malignant melanoma is a neoplasia which frequently involves the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). GIT metastases are difficult to diagnose because they often recur many years after treatment of the primary cutaneo...

    Authors: Federico Alghisi, Pietro Crispino, Andrea Cocco, Antonio G Richetta, Francesco Nardi, Paolo Paoluzi and Danilo Badiali
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:134
  28. Primary splenic angiosarcoma is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin carrying a very poor prognosis, partly due to its high metastatic potential. This disease presents frequently with splenic rupture and hemorrh...

    Authors: Andreas Manouras, Panagiotis Giannopoulos, Levon Toufektzian, Haridimos Markogiannakis, Emmanuel E Lagoudianakis, Artemisia Papadima, Dimitrios Papanikolaou, Konstantinos Filis and Panagiotis Kekis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:133
  29. Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint is rare, comprising approximately 0.5% to 1% of all joint infections. Predisposing causes include immunocompromising diseases such as diabetes, HIV infection, ren...

    Authors: Charita Pradhan, Nicholas FS Watson, Nitin Jagasia, Ray Chari and Jane E Patterson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:131
  30. Heterotopic bone is rarely found in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report a rare case of metaplastic ossification within a benign ulcerating adenoma and review the literature concerning the aetiology.

    Authors: Victoria White, Aidan G Shaw, Gillian M Tierney, Jonathan N Lund and David Semeraro
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:130
  31. Angiolipomas are frequently observed benign tumours. They have a typical vascular component and are often located in subcutaneous tissues, and more rarely, in the gastrointestinal tract.

    Authors: Nicola Della Volpe, Luigi Bianco, Claudio Bonuso, Mario Annecchiarico, Pierino Di Silverio and Assunta Caiazza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:129
  32. Metastatic tumour involvement of the anal canal is rare. Routine pathological evaluation of haemorrhoidectomy specimens has been suggested to be unhelpful and expensive. Selective rather than routine pathologi...

    Authors: Dorothy M Gujral, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Peter Hargreaves and Gary W Middleton
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:128
  33. Rheumatic and congenital heart diseases account for the majority of hospital admissions for cardiac patients in India. Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common congenital heart disease with survival to adulthood...

    Authors: Cheemalapati Sai Krishna, Gangireddy Venkateswara Reddy, Mohan Debta and Nanda Kishore Panigrahi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:127
  34. Breast cancer in men is rare. The evidence about treatment has been derived from data on the management of the disease in women. The usual treatment is for male patients to undergo modified radical mastectomy....

    Authors: Sophocles Lanitis, George Filippakis, Ragheed Al Mufti and Dimitri J Hadjiminas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:126
  35. Treatment for osteomyelitis-complicating Mycobacterium ulcerans infection typically requires extensive surgery and even amputation, with no reported benefit from adjunctive antibiotics.

    Authors: Daniel P O'Brien, Eugene Athan, Andrew Hughes and Paul D Johnson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:123
  36. We report a rare case of a ganglion cyst at the elbow causing neurological symptoms by stretching the superficial radial nerve alone. Ganglia associated with radial nerve palsy at the elbow have been reported ...

    Authors: John McFarlane, Ravi Trehan, Miguel Oliveira, Carl Jones, Simon Blease and Paul Davey
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:122
  37. Peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare tumor with diagnostic and therapeutic problems. The peritoneum is the second most common site for development of mesothelioma, which in 30–45% of cases is associated with a sy...

    Authors: Iftikhar Ahmed, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Javaid Iqbal and Wong C Tan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:121
  38. The diseases responsible for sudden deaths in athletes differ considerably with regard to age. In young athletes, congenital malformations of the heart and/or vascular system cause the majority of deaths and c...

    Authors: Stefan Vogt, Daniel Koenig, Stephan Prettin, Torben Pottgiesser, Juergen Allgeier, Hans-Hermann Dickhuth and Anja Hirschmueller
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:120

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