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  1. Reactive arthritis and septic arthritis rarely present concomitantly in the same joint and patient. Reactive arthritis presenting after coronavirus disease 2019 is also exceedingly rare, with less than 30 case...

    Authors: Eduard Pavelić, David Glavaš Weinberger, Martin Čemerin, Eduard Rod and Dragan Primorac
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:35
  2. Hiccups are common symptoms that last for less than 48 hours. However, we encountered a case of renal infarction in a patient with prolonged hiccup. The relationship between hiccups and renal infarction is imp...

    Authors: Akira Kato, Nobuhiro Sato, Yasuo Hirose, Yuji Nomoto, Seiga Ozaki, Saori Yamaga and Masahiro Yabe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:34
  3. For patients with heart failure combined with complete left bundle branch block, cardiac resynchronization therapy is an important therapeutic method. If these patients also have atrial tachycardia, how to cho...

    Authors: Jian Wang, Qing-Qing Zhang, Jie Lin, Wei Yuan, Li-Chun Wang and Yu-Cheng Wu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:33
  4. As a result of the failure of embryogenic kidney formation, a condition can occur where not a single kidney appears and this phenomenon is known as unilateral renal agenesis (URA). Both aplastic and dysplastic...

    Authors: Prahara Yuri, Muhammad Anwar Irzan, Tanaya Ghinorawa, Muchamad Ridotu Solichin and Ery Kus Dwianingsih
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:31
  5. Trauma remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality and a threat to attainment of sustainable development goal 11. Genital urinary trauma is reported in about 10% of patients presenting with trau...

    Authors: Charles Irumba, Justus Baragaine, Susan Obore, Haruna Mwanje and Julius Nteziyaremye
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:30
  6. Intra-abdominal pregnancies, while rare, present with unique diagnostic and management challenges. We present a case of a 25-year-old para 2 + 1, black African woman, who was referred from a peripheral Health ...

    Authors: Joad Magezi, Joshua Wacha and Pebolo Francis Pebalo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:61
  7. Heterotopic pregnancies are increasing in incidence with the advent of rising prevalence of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) globally. Although rare, this condition is a serious potentially ...

    Authors: Ernest Oyeh, Samuel Ofori, Edem K. Hiadzi and Promise E. Sefogah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:28
  8. Structural muscle injuries are characterized by acute and localized onset of pain. Abdominal muscle injuries are an insidious pathology in overhead athletes. However, only a few cases are reported in literatur...

    Authors: Federico Giarda, Diego Contro, Maurizio Fasano, Mirko Poli and Maurizio Giacchino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:54
  9. Diabetic ulcers are complex wounds that require specialized care. Proper wound care is crucial to prevent amputation, and one effective treatment option is negative pressure wound therapy. However, the cost of...

    Authors: Hema Malini, Ismiati Ismiati, Wrisma Arif Harahap and Elvi Oktarina
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:27
  10. As a newly approved immune checkpoint inhibitor in China, serplulimab has been widely used in the immunotherapy of tumors. However, the immune-related adverse events of immune checkpoint inhibitors should not ...

    Authors: Peng Ning, Shilan Liu and Hongyi Cao
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:51
  11. Inflammatory bowel disease involves chronic inflammation and ulceration, primarily Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease is rising in industrialized countries. We...

    Authors: Yumiko Nakamura, Yuichiro Kawai, Sumiko Nagoshi, Tomonari Ogawa and Hajime Hasegawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:26
  12. This article presents a case study of two white male siblings of 24 and 31 years of age of self-reported Ukrainian ethnicity diagnosed with adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) associated with a novel splice site mutat...

    Authors: Khrystyna Shchubelka, Olga Herasymenko, Andrii Budzyn, Oleksandr Lysytsia, Anastasiia Rusyn, Olga Oleksyk, Svitlana Tynta and Taras Oleksyk
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:25
  13. Carcinosarcoma of the parotid gland is an extremely rare malignancy comprising of 0.04–0.16% of all salivary gland tumors. This is the first case of an adenoid cystic carcinoma with chondrosarcoma to the best ...

    Authors: Swachi Jain, Mohammed Abdelwahed, Daniel Hector Chavarria, Lucio Pereira, Gary Stone, Alan Johnson and Jian Yi Li
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:24
  14. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in young women is poorly understood due to underdiagnosis and undertreatment. One of the possible risk factors for ACS in young women is antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Coronavir...

    Authors: Sisca Natalia Siagian and Christianto Christianto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:47
  15. Eosinophilic enterocolitis is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal eosinophilic infiltration of the small intestine and the colon.

    Authors: Hend Smaoui, Abdelwaheb Nakhli, Nesrine Hemdani, Bochra Bouchabou and Rym Ennaifer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:22
  16. Nonunion of femoral shaft fractures in children is rare, and there is no clear treatment protocol. In this case report, a pediatric femoral shaft fracture that developed in nonunion due to vitamin deficiency a...

    Authors: Shun Igarashi, Koji Nozaka, Tsuyoshi Shirahata, Hiroaki Kijima, Hidetomo Saito, Kimio Saito, Tetsuya Kawano and Naohisa Miyakoshi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:38
  17. Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdominal pain and remains the most common abdominal-related emergency seen in emergency room that needs urgent surgery (Yang et al. in J Emerg Med 43:980–2,...

    Authors: Tamara B. AlKeileh, Sali Elsayed, Raheemah Mahomed Adam, Mozamil Nour and Tarun Bhagchandi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:21
  18. In adults with chronic pain, mild-to-moderate withdrawal symptoms during medically directed opioid tapering in the outpatient setting may not be accompanied by hypertension or tachycardia. This clinical scenar...

    Authors: Megan M. Ellis, Nathan D. Eberhart, Nafisseh S. Warner and W. Michael Hooten
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:20
  19. Agenesis of the right hepatic lobe is a rare congenital anomaly. Developmental anomalies of the right lobe of the liver were first reported in 1870 by Heller [6]. Anatomical variations of the liver are common, oc...

    Authors: Ashenafi Amsalu Feleke, Friehiwot Amsalu Birhanu, Fraol Worku Tirfe and Yohannis Derbew Molla
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:19
  20. Systemic scleroderma (SSc) is an insidious autoimmune connective tissue disorder with multiorgan involvement. Renal involvement is one of the important causes of morbidity and mortality in scleroderma; however...

    Authors: Mahsa Mehdipour Dalivand, Asghar Hadjiabbasi, Elham Ramezanzadeh, Seyed Mahmood Habibzadeh, Kimia Goudarzi, Reza Shahriarirad and Habib Zayeni
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:32
  21. We present a rare case of thyroid lesion marked as the Warthin-like variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (WLV-PTC) with lymph node metastases. A proper preoperative identification is difficult because of uns...

    Authors: Andrii Hryshchyshyn, Andrii Bahrii, Pavlina Botsun and Volodymyr Chuba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:17
  22. Mucormycosis is a fungal infection caused by the Mucorales order of fungi. This fungus is commonly found in soil and can cause disease in immunocompromised patients. On the other hand, Bell’s palsy is an idiop...

    Authors: Elham Barahimi, Makiye Hamidi, Mehdi Hassani-Azad, Farzaneh Farshidi, Masoumeh Ardeshiri and MohammadHosein Sheybani-Arani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:29
  23. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a neurocutaneous genetic disorder caused by mutations in the NF1 gene, resulting in the formation of benign tumors called neurofibromas. The most common type of tumor seen in patien...

    Authors: Imen Sassi, Mohamed Amine Bouida, Anis Hasnaoui, Ines Zemni and Tarek Ben Dhieb
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:15
  24. Glycogen storage disease type IX is a rare disorder that can cause a wide variety of symptoms depending on the specific deficiency of the phosphorylase kinase enzyme and the organs it affects.

    Authors: Daniel Zamanfar, Seyed MohammadBagher Hashemi-Soteh, Mobin Ghazaiean and Elham Keyhanian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:14
  25. Recent advances in chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy have enabled conversion surgery (CS) to be performed for selected patients with initially unresectable locally advanced (LA) pancreatic ductal adenocarcino...

    Authors: Yusuke Watanabe, Takaaki Tatsuguchi, Kenjiro Date, Tomohiko Shinkawa, Hirotaka Kuga, Sadafumi Tamiya, Kazuyoshi Nishihara and Toru Nakano
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:13
  26. Intravesical Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) is used as a standard adjuvant therapy for non-muscle invasive urothelial cancer. Most patients tolerate the treatment well, with mild side effects. Systemic complic...

    Authors: Saroja D. Geetha, Hector D. Chavarria, Mohammed Abdelwahed, Nidhi Kataria, Vanesa Bijol and Kasturi Das
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:12
  27. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary renal disorder and the fourth cause of death of end-stage renal disease. The disease has a prevalence of 1:400–1:1000 accounti...

    Authors: Yaw Amoah, Mathew Yamoah Kyei, James Edward Mensah, Bridget Palm, Henry Kwasi Adrah and Isaac Asiedu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:10
  28. Dermoid cysts are developmental abnormalities occurring between the third and fifth week of embryogenesis. These lesions can initially develop as intracranial or extracranial and persist throughout the patient...

    Authors: Richard Shalmiyev, Adam Devine, Sheyla Gonzalez and Mauricio Danckers
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:9
  29. The current guidelines have discouraged the routine use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in cardiogenic shock complicating acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Since then, the trend of IABP utilization in ACS has...

    Authors: Mochamad Yusuf Alsagaff, Oky Revianto, Yan Efrata Sembiring, Muhammad Insani Ilman and Ryan Enast Intan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:8
  30. Uterine rupture is a rare complication that can occur in the first trimester of pregnancy. It can lead to serious maternal morbidity or mortality, which is mostly due to catastrophic bleeding. First trimester ...

    Authors: Steve Kyende Mutiso, Felix Mwembi Oindi and Debbie Muthoni Mundia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:5
  31. Macrophage activation syndrome is a rare disorder leading to unregulated immune activity manifesting with nonspecific constitutional symptoms, laboratory abnormalities, and multiorgan involvement. We report th...

    Authors: William Hirsch, Bryant Megna, Oyedele Adeyi and Nicholas Lim
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:6
  32. Say–Barber–Biesecker–Young–Simpson (SBBYS) (OMIM #603736, Ohdo syndrome variant) is a rare type of severe blepharophimosis intellectual disability syndrome, which is generally characterized by a global develop...

    Authors: Behzad Davarnia, Mohammad Panahi, Bahareh Rahimi, Hassan Anari, Reza Farajollahi, Ehsan Abbaspour Rodbaneh and Farhad Jeddi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:4
  33. Oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome is a rare condition that affects the eyes, face, heart, and teeth of patients. One notable dental characteristic of OFCD is radiculomegaly, or root gigantism, which hi...

    Authors: Tung Thanh Nguyen, Anh Thai Hoang Truong, Vu Anh Hoang, Duong Van Huynh, Tuan Van Nguyen, Chanh Trung Le, Dung Thi Phuong Dang and Minh Huu Nhat Le
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:18
  34. Atypical femur fractures are a rare occurrence, especially in bisphosphonate-naïve men, and merit reporting owing to their unusual presentation and clinical implications. This case report highlights a unique i...

    Authors: Yazan A. Al-Ajlouni, Justin Lin Lee, Jessica Lin Lee and Blossom Samuels
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:2
  35. Purely isolated spinous processes fractures are rare and are usually treated conservatively, although a few authors have reported cases of nonunion that ultimately required surgical resection.

    Authors: Gilles Dietrich, Raphaël Richard, Alain Akiki, Sebastien Levy and Benoit Maeder
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:11
  36. Dravet syndrome is a severe epilepsy disorder characterized by drug-resistant seizures and cognitive dysfunction, often caused by SCN1A gene mutations. It leads to neurodevelopmental delays and motor, behavioral,...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Horiuchi, Akihiko Kudo, Shuntaro Nakamura, Kazuki Yamada, Takashi Inoue, Shintaro Fujii and Yuki Oshima
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:3
  37. Pneumothorax (PTX) and pneumomediastinum (PM) have been reported as potential complications in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, their risk factors and etiology remain unknown. Herein...

    Authors: Yohei Ide, Nao Urushibata, Wataru Takayama, Kenichi Hondo, Junichi Aiboshi and Yasuhiro Otomo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:7
  38. Complex regional pain syndrome is a neuropathic pain disorder associated with ongoing pain that persists beyond the usual expected tissue healing time and that is disproportionate to the degree of tissue injur...

    Authors: V. Twardy, R. von Eisenhart-Rothe and I. J. Banke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:1
  39. The incidence of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula is 1 out of 3000–5000 live births. Its incidence in lower middle income countries is not known. The infants usually present with excessive se...

    Authors: Naomi A. Mwamanenge, Haika K. Mariki, Lucy L. Mpayo, Ernestina E. Mwipopo, Fatima Mussa, Masawa K. Nyamuryekung’e, Yahaya Binde, Said Kiangi, Zaituni Bokhary, Martha Mkony, Yaser Abdallah and Karim Manji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:540
  40. Considering that right paraduodenal hernia is a rare internal hernia with abnormal anatomy and is often encountered during an emergency, surgeons may lack knowledge about it and choose incorrect treatment. Thu...

    Authors: Xiao-Long Wang, Gui-Xiu Jin, Jian-Feng Xu, Zhi-Rong Chen, Li-Meng Wu and Zhi-Long Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:536
  41. Spatiotemporal characteristics from human locomotion can provide effective clinical metrics to assess motor control and brain function. This case report aims to assess the temporal structure of variability in ...

    Authors: Carolina A. Cabo, Orlando Fernandes, Sara Santos and Jose A. Parraca
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:535
  42. Renal–adrenal fusion is a rare entity resulting from incomplete encapsulation of the adrenal gland and kidney. Only 18 cases have been reported in English literature to date.

    Authors: Samuel R. Wang, Richard Morris, Suad Taraif and Amandeep Aneja
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:533
  43. Congenital ectopia lentis is characterized by dislocation of the lens caused by partial or complete abnormalities in the zonular fibers. It can be caused by either systemic diseases or isolated ocular diseases...

    Authors: Hengguang Wei, Xuyun Meng, Huali Qin and Xia Li
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:532
  44. Prader–Willi syndrome is a complex multisystem disorder due to the absent expression of paternally active genes in the Prader–Willi syndrome-critical region on chromosome 15 (15q11.2-q13). The main clinical fe...

    Authors: Kibret Enyew Belay, Beza Leulseged Ayalew, Melaku Taye Amogne, Theodros Aberra Alemneh and Tedla Kebede Geletew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:530
  45. The treatment resistance is a problem for lung cancer. In this study, we used a vitro tissue culturing system to select a new therapy strategy for a patient with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) resistance.

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Xiaoyuan Wu, Ping He, Jieyu Wu, Xia Gu, Matyas Bendek, Rita Ötvös and Laszlo Szekely
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:529
  46. Klippel–Feil syndrome is a rare condition described in 1912 by Maurice Klippel and André Feil. It is defined as a congenital cervical fusion of at least two vertebrae, associated with a classical triad of clin...

    Authors: Michele Da Broi, Aria Nouri, Gildas Patet, Luca Paun, Andrea Bartoli, Granit Molliqaj, Karl Schaller and Enrico Tessitore
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:528

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