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  1. Methemoglobinemia is a condition in which methemoglobin is increased and the oxygen carrying capacity of tissues is decreased, causing a lack of oxygen to the whole body. RNA (ribonucleic acid) sequencing tech...

    Authors: Chikai Mitsuhara, Yuki Togami, Tomoya Hirose, Shunichiro Nakao, Hiroshi Ito, Hisatake Matsumoto, Hiroshi Ogura, Daisuke Okuzaki and Jun Oda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:238
  2. Pregnancy management is difficult when pelvic organ prolapse already exists. During pregnancy, childbirth, and the days following, clinicians may come across situations that present management dilemmas. Here, ...

    Authors: Muhudin Arusi, Elham Abdulhakim, Yasin Awol and Hassen Mosa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:252
  3. Amiodarone is one of the most commonly used and effective antiarrhythmic drugs to treat ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias. Besides its advantages, this drug has side effects like liver, digestive, p...

    Authors: Ali Hossein Samadi Takaldani, Mohammad Negaresh, Maryam Salimi and Nima Javanshir
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:248
  4. Gabapentin is commonly prescribed for the treatment of neuropathic pain, restless leg syndrome, and partial-onset seizures. Although the most frequent side effects of gabapentin are associated with the central...

    Authors: Sung Hwan Park, Kristen Hunter, Hugh Berry and Yuri Chaves Martins
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:236
  5. Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors. While paragangliomas of the spine are rare, those located in non-cauda equina areas with spinal canal extension are even rarer.

    Authors: K. Anavi, R. Daya, S. Daya, K. Purbhoo, C. Profyris, M. N. Mpanza, C. E. Nel and Z. Bayat
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:234
  6. Colon atresia is one of the rarest congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract, with an incident range of between 1 in 10,000 and 66,000 live births. Type I colonic atresia affects only the mucosal laye...

    Authors: Amirhossein Ladan, Reza Mahdian Jouybari, Mahnaz Zareh Akbari and Pegah Moharrami Yeganeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:233
  7. Coronary artery ectasia is a rare angiographic finding and results from a disease process that compromises the integrity of the vessel wall. Its prevalence ranges between 0.3% and 5% of patients undergoing cor...

    Authors: Imane Tlohi, Fatiha Karim, Asmaa Elamraoui, Abdenasser Drighil and Rachida Habbal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:232
  8. Preserving the mother’s safety, sustaining the pregnancy state, and achieving the optimal fetal outcome are the major priorities when managing obstetric patients for non-obstetric surgery. Only necessary and u...

    Authors: Mesay Milkias Wonte, Abere Tilahun Bantie and Muhiddin Tadesse
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:231
  9. Bath-related headache (BRH) is a rare primary headache disorder with only about 50 cases reported from 2000 to 2017 and none since. It is an abrupt onset excruciating headache occurring predominantly in middle...

    Authors: Thashi Chang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:230
  10. Congenital unilateral pulmonary vein atresia is a rare anomaly resulting from failure of the pulmonary vein to incorporate in the left atrium. It is a very rare cause of recurrent respiratory infections and he...

    Authors: Abate Yeshidinber Weldetsadik, Abdi Kebede, Binyam Gebremedhin Godu and Maru Gama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:246
  11. Chordomas are rare, locally aggressive tumors that often occur in the axial spine, especially in the sacrum. The treatment of chordomas located in the upper cervical spine is challenging. En bloc resection is ...

    Authors: Ekkapoj Korwutthikulrangsri, Sunun Ongard, Jirachai Pisutbenya, Monchai Ruangchainikom and Werasak Sutipornpalangkul
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:229
  12. Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome is a rare progressive autosomal recessive connective tissue disorder caused by a mutation in the ANTXR2/CMG2 gene. According to its severity, patients may present with skin nodules o...

    Authors: Mariam M. Ismail, Salwa A. Musa, Samar S. Hassan and Mohamed A. Abdullah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:244
  13. Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of rare hereditary retinal dystrophy diseases that lead to difficulty seeing at night, progressive loss of peripheral field vision (tunnel vision), and eventual loss of central ...

    Authors: Yi-shuang Xiao, Wen-Ji He, Hong-chao Jiang, Li Tan, Jing Ma and Zhen Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:226
  14. Hemopneumopericardium defines a condition of combined pathology of weakened, dense blood content (hemopericardium) and air (pneumopericardium) in the pericardial cavity with an air fluid level. It is a rare di...

    Authors: Sager Almulhim, Ghada Almakhaita and Emad M. AL-Osail
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:225
  15. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the commonest type of congenital heart lesion accounting for up to 40% of congenital heart defects. Well timed VSD closures are reported to yield excellent long-term outcomes...

    Authors: Zawadi Edward Kalezi, Naizihijwa Majani, Alphonce Nsabi Simbila, Stella Mongella, Godwin Godfrey Sharau, Deogratias Nkya and Sulende Kubhoja
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:235
  16. Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an uncommon systemic inflammatory syndrome that can happen secondary to numerous conditions. It rarely occurs due to dengue infection causing significant mortality ...

    Authors: Chamila Pradeep, Parackrama Karunathilake, Shamali Abeyagunawardena, Udaya Ralapanawa and Thilak Jayalath
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:224
  17. Gastric cancer is the second highest cause of morbidity among malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and fifth in overall cancer statistics. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes...

    Authors: Roman Komarov, Sergey Osminin, Stanislav Chernyavsky and Ivan Ivashov
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:243
  18. Inflammatory bowel disease is an inflammatory disorder that primarily impacts the gastrointestinal tract, leading to malnutrition and chronic microscopic intestinal blood loss. Uncontrolled systemic inflammati...

    Authors: Ladan Agharokh, Katherine Mamola, Andrew G. Yu, Annette L. Medina, Bhaskar Gurram, Julie Fuller, Jason Y. Park, Weina Chen, Veena Rajaram, Matthew R. Hammer and Jeff L. Waugh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:237
  19. Pancreatic pseudocyst are fluid filled sacs that develop as a result of dissection of pancreatic enzyme tissue. While most commonly found near the pancreas, they can also rarely occur in other areas such as th...

    Authors: Mohamed Anouar Madani, Yassine Ouannes, Kays Chaker, Mahdi Marrak and Yassine Nouira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:228
  20. Opportunistic infections associated with immunosuppressive treatments for inflammatory bowel disease pose an important safety concern. Here we report the case of a patient with active ulcerative colitis and cr...

    Authors: Yusuke Oki, Sho Nagano, Yoichi Ishikawa, Takayoshi Yamada, Toshiki Ichimori and Kazushige Uchida
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:227
  21. SARS-CoV-19 infection is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events. We present a case of acute middle cerebral artery ischemic stroke in a patient with SARS-CoV-19 infection despite being on warfa...

    Authors: Gokhan Demir, Rama Hommos, Sally Sami Al-Sirhan, Hashem Abu Serhan, Muhannad Haddadin, Umar Bin Rashid and Yamane Chawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:223
  22. Valproic acid (VPA) is a relatively safe drug widely used for the treatment of epileptic seizures and mania in bipolar disorder, as well as the prevention of migraine headaches. Here, we present a case of VPA-...

    Authors: Mako Yanaga, Naomichi Okamoto, Reia Hashimoto, Ryohei Igata, Yuki Konishi, Atsuko Ikenouchi, Naoki Isomoto, Takahiro Shinkai, Masaru Harada and Reiji Yoshimura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:221
  23. Hypoproliferative anemia is a frequently encountered adverse event in cancer patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). Secondary pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare but recognized immune relate...

    Authors: Vaibhav Kumar, Nathan D. Montgomery, Hendrik W. van Deventer and Young E. Whang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:220
  24. Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital developmental vascular lesions, and often presents with symptoms upon rupture. The controversy exists as to whether pregnancy confers an increased r...

    Authors: Ng’weina F. Magitta, Emmanuel M. Sindato, John R. Meda, Hasna N. Toroha and Alfred J. Meremo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:219
  25. Epidural anesthesia is commonly used for analgesia during labor, and headache is a common complaint following this procedure. Pneumocephalus, on the other hand, is a rare and potentially serious complication o...

    Authors: Maira Ahmad, Shannay Bellamy, William Ott and Rany Mekhail
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:217
  26. Occult proximal femoral fractures do not appear as fracture lines in radiographs, causing misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis unless additional imaging studies, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance...

    Authors: Ji-yeon Lee, Akihito Oya, Osahiko Tsuji, Taro Umezu, Arihiko Kanaji, Yasuo Niki, Masaya Nakamura and Morio Matsumoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:216
  27. Abnormalities of the urachus include the patent urachus, cysts, sinus, and fistula. Each of these entities represents a failure of complete obliteration of the urachus. Contrary to other urachus anomalies, ura...

    Authors: Asma Sghaier, Eya Lamloum, Mehdi Debaibi, Azza Sridi and Adnene Chouchene
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:214
  28. Nephrotic syndrome occurring as a complication of immune tolerance therapy for inhibitors in hemophilia B is well recognized. It is also known to occur in association with factor borne infections, especially h...

    Authors: Janith Chandrakumara, Madushika Wijesundara and Givani Amarakoon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:206
  29. While breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, cutaneous metastases are rare in breast cancer. Additionally, scalp involvement in breast cancer metastasis is extremely rare. That being said, scalp les...

    Authors: Ahmad M. Abdulraheem, Duha Naji, Ammar N. Al Heyasat, Mohammad Alhasan, Nidal M. Almasri and Raghad Odeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:203
  30. Acute kidney injury is a devastating postoperative complication. Renal replacement therapy is a treatment modality for acute kidney injury. Continuous renal replacement therapy is the treatment of choice for p...

    Authors: Apriliana Ratnaningrum, M. Azhari Taufik, Vera Irawany and Rudyanto Sedono
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:201
  31. Cytomegalovirus establishes life-long latency after primary infection in childhood. Cytomegalovirus reactivation has been well reported in immune-compromised patients; however, in the last few years it has bee...

    Authors: Sourav Pal, Atul Garg, Anupam Agarwal, Ujjala Ghoshal, Pooja Singh, Jitendra S. Chahar and Mohan Gurjar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:215
  32. Diabetic mastopathy is a rare breast condition that occurs in women with poorly controlled diabetes and is characterized by hardening of the breast tissue. The purpose of this case report is to provide an over...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Zhong, Yiqin Cheng, Ling Chen and Yulian Yin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:197
  33. Pure androgen-secreting adrenocortical tumors are a rare but important cause of peripheral precocious puberty.

    Authors: Sofie Ryckx, Jean De Schepper, Philippe Giron, Ken Maes, Freya Vaeyens, Kaat Wilgenhof, Pierre Lefesvre, Caroline Ernst, Kim Vanderlinden, Daniel Klink, Frederik Hes, Jesse Vanbesien, Inge Gies and Willem Staels
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:195
  34. Pyogenic spondylitis by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is known to be intractable. In the past, the insertion of an implant into infected vertebra was considered contraindicated in affected pa...

    Authors: Masaki Tatsumura, Fumihiko Eto, Mikiro Kato, Katsuya Nagashima, Yosuke Takeuchi, Toru Funayama and Masashi Yamazaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:211
  35. Viruses are constantly changing as a result of mutations, and new viral variants are expected to appear over time. The virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus ...

    Authors: Vanessa Bedoya-Joaqui, María I. Gutiérrez-López, Paola A. Caicedo, María F. Villegas-Torres, Ludwig L. Albornoz-Tovar, Juan D. Vélez, Alejandra Hidalgo-Cardona, Gabriel J. Tobón and Carlos A. Cañas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:194
  36. Rudimentary horn pregnancy is a rare life-threatening obstetric condition with clinical and sonographic presentation resembling that of an abdominal pregnancy. Preoperative diagnosis of advanced rudimentary ho...

    Authors: Semtama Bidiga, Kiwango Henry, Onesmo Augustino, Fridolin Mujuni, Dismas Matovelo, Edgar Ndaboine, Albert Kihunrwa and Richard Kiritta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:210
  37. Lumbar back pain in an adolescent is generally musculoskeletal, that is, due to a muscle strain or scoliosis. This case describes a young individual without any previous health issues who rapidly developed a l...

    Authors: Anthony Gevers, Patricia Dessart, Jean-Marie Vanmarsenille, Bruno Vande Berg, Halil Yildiz and Samar M. Hatem
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:193
  38. Dermatologic signs and symptoms can be the manifestations of a single disease or different diseases, and it is proven that some are associated with one another. These connections are not fully understood, but ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Mohaghegh, Reza Moeine, Mina Saber, Safdarian Fatemeh, Mohammad Nekooeian and Reza Shahriarirad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:192
  39. Tracheal laceration is very rare but can be life-threatening if proper treatment is not provided. The general concept for the management of tracheal laceration is surgical repair through cervical incision or v...

    Authors: Changsung Han, Eunji Kim, Jonggeun Lee and Hyo Yeong Ahn
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:208
  40. Coronary artery anomalies are characterized by an abnormality in the course or origin of three main coronary arteries. There needs to be more scientific evidence to promptly treat coronary artery anomalies wit...

    Authors: Pramukh Arun Kumar, Boskey Patel, Mahati Dasari, Pradnya Brijmohan Bhattad, Sushmita Prabhu and Michelle Hadley
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:191
  41. The prognosis for recurrence cases of hormone receptor-positive HER2-negative breast cancer remains poor, and treatment strategies that emphasize quality of life have often been chosen, with few physicians aim...

    Authors: Toshihiko Yoneto, Kenichiro Hasumi, Nobukazu Takahashi, Nastuki Seki, Yasutaka Takeda and Takayuki Yoshimoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:190
  42. The accessory breast is composed of residual glandular mammary tissue that persists after normal embryonic development. The entity is so rare that it is easily neglected in the diagnosis of disease.

    Authors: Ghazal Mansouri, Ibrahim Alkatout, Maryam Iranpour, Elham Pourkhandani and Leila Allahqoli
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:189

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