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  1. Cluster headache is a primary condition characterized by severe headache accompanied by trigeminal autonomic signs. By definition, it is not attributed to underlying etiologies; however, under certain clinical...

    Authors: Joe Munoz-Cerón, Felipe Díaz-Forero, Adriana Buitrago and Sandra Chinchilla

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:468

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Anemia is a serious global health problem that affects individuals of all ages but particularly women of reproductive age. Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common causes of anemia seen in women, with ...

    Authors: Audrey L. Chai, Owen Y. Huang, Rastko Rakočević and Peter Chung

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:472

    Content type: Case report

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  3. With the rapidly expanding pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, a chronic immunosuppressed state in solid organ transplant recipients is a concern. We reported coronavirus disease 2019 ...

    Authors: Farah Naghashzadeh, Shadi Shafaghi, Babak Sharif-Kashani, Payam Tabarsi, Leila Saliminejad and Sima Noorali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:453

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Impaction of foreign body is a common condition presented to ear, nose, and throat department among Asian population. The commonest foreign body seen among this population has been documented as fish bone. Fis...

    Authors: Vasanthika Sanjeewanie Thuduvage

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:452

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Troponin levels can be elevated in various diseases other than acute myocardial infarction, including sepsis. In diseases without myocardial necrosis, the elevated troponin levels are relatively low and normal...

    Authors: Naoki Matsunaga, Yuki Yoshioka and Yasushi Fukuta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:466

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Coinfection with dengue and hepatitis A is rare and challenging for physicians since their clinical features can be overlapping. These infections are self-limiting but can become complicated by subsequent infe...

    Authors: Shafiq A. Alemad, Abdulsalam M. Halboup, Khaled Aladeeb, Mohamed Al-Saleh and Nuha Al-Kufiley

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:450

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Computer-assisted surgical navigation systems were initially introduced for use in neurosurgery and have been applied in craniomaxillofacial surgery for 20 years. The anatomy of the oral and maxillofacial regi...

    Authors: Ryo Miyazaki, Akinori Iwasaki, Fumi Nakai and Minoru Miyake

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:464

    Content type: Case report

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  8. AngioJet® is an increasingly used method of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of patients with arterial and venous thromboses. AngioJet® has been shown to cause intravascular haemoylsis un...

    Authors: Tayeba Roper, Muhammad Amaran, Prakash Saha, Cormac Breen and David Game

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:459

    Content type: Case report

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  9. We report a case of Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection with acute pancreatitis as the only presenting symptom. To the best of our knowledge, there are few case reports of the same presen...

    Authors: Abdullah S. Eldaly, Ayman R. Fath, Sarah M. Mashaly and Muhammed Elhadi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:461

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Musical hallucinations are a particular type of auditory hallucination in which the patient perceives instrumental music, musical sounds, or songs. Musical hallucinations are associated with acquired hearing l...

    Authors: Alexandre Montalvo, Eryco Azevedo and Alexandre de Mendonça

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:449

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Placenta accreta is known to be associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality—primarily due to intractable bleeding during abortion or delivery at any level of gestation. The complications could...

    Authors: Nik Lah Nik-Ahmad-Zuky, Azmel Seoparjoo and Engku Ismail Engku Husna

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:448

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome is a rare congenital capillary–lymphatic–venous condition characterized by the clinical triad of capillary malformations (port wine stains), varicose veins with or without venous mal...

    Authors: Franck Katembo Sikakulya, Walufu Ivan Egesa, Sonye Magugu Kiyaka and Philip Anyama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:447

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Differentiating between persistent infection with intermittent viral shedding and reinfection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 remains challenging. Although a small number of cases with gen...

    Authors: Javier García-Abellán, Antonio Galiana, Marta Fernández-González, Nieves Gonzalo-Jiménez, Montserrat Ruiz-García, Angela Botella, Joan Sanchis, Paula Mascarell, Selene Falcón, Mar Masiá and Félix Gutiérrez

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:454

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare and fatal infectious disease of the stomach, presenting varied and nonspecific endoscopic images, which are therefore difficult to diagnose. This report discusses three cases of...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Yakami, Toshihiko Yagyu and Tomoki Bando

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:445

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Immunoglobulin-G4-related hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disease that can present as a tumefactive pituitary lesion mimicking hypophyseal neoplasms such as pituitary adenoma or craniopharyngioma. The lite...

    Authors: Zachary C. Gersey, Kenan R. Rajjoub, Thomas M. Pearce, Scott A. Segel, Paul A. Gardner, Carl H. Snyderman, Eric W. Wang and Georgios A. Zenonos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:446

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a syndrome characterized by acute left ventricular wall motion abnormalities leading to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. It remains an important differential diagnosis for acu...

    Authors: Vishal Patel, Shuli Levy, Iqbal Malik, Michael B. Fertleman and Louis J. Koizia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:451

    Content type: Case report

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  17. We present an unusual bleeding complication in a patient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome in coronavirus disease 2019.

    Authors: Carolin Jung, Hans-Joerg Gillmann, Thomas Stueber and Lukas Hinken

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:444

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Patients with tethered cord syndrome often suffer severe spasticity. To the best of our knowledge, intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy in a patient with tethered cord syndrome has not been reported previously. ...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Satoshi Kidani, Kazu Toyooka, Yuji Ishino, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Aki Nakanami, Kenji Kagechika, Tetsutaro Yahata and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:442

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Very long-chain acyl-coenzyme-A dehydrogenase deficiency is a rare, severe life-threatening metabolic disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, caused by mutations in ACADVL gene. Here we present a genetica...

    Authors: Visvalingam Arunath, Manoj Sanjeewa Liyanarachchi, Sundararajah Gajealan, Eresha Jasinge, Kumudu Weerasekara and Lia Abbasi Moheb

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:441

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a disorder of increased intracranial pressure in the absence of cerebrospinal outflow obstruction, mass lesion, or other underlying cause. It is a rare phenomenon in pre...

    Authors: Nafee T. Talukder, Amanda H. Clorfeine, Moira K. Black and Shade B. Moody

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:440

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Dengue fever and coronavirus disease 2019 have now begun to overlap within tropical and subtropical regions. This is due to the high prevalence of dengue fever in these regions and the current severe acute res...

    Authors: Olga Lucia Agudelo Rojas, María Elena Tello-Cajiao and Fernando Rosso

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:439

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma; its diagnosis is sometimes challenging because it histopathologically resembles neoplastic or reactive spindle cell lesio...

    Authors: Manabu Yamazaki, Satoshi Maruyama, Tatsuya Abé, Yoshimasa Sumita, Yuji Katsumi, Yutaka Nikkuni, Takafumi Hayashi and Jun-ichi Tanuma

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:438

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare inherited disease characterized by extreme hypersensitivity to ultraviolet rays and predisposing to cutaneous malignancies that can appear in childhood. These manifestations are...

    Authors: H. Bencharef, M. Lamchahab, D. Dassouli, S. Sraidi, B. Guennoun, N. Hda, B. Oukkache and A. Quessar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:437

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative coccobacillus that can cause many different kinds of infection, ranging from mild ear infection to life-threatening diseases like epiglottitis and meningitis. Encapsulate...

    Authors: Majid Ali Qureshi, Imran Asad, Adeel Chaudhary and Walid Abuhammour

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:433

    Content type: Case report

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  25. It is extremely rare for primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas to occur singly in the cranial vault. One case diagnosed as primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is reported, initially misdiagnosed as metastatic skul...

    Authors: Tatsuya Uchida, Kenichi Amagasaki, Atsushi Hosono and Hiroshi Nakaguchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:431

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors represent the most frequently encountered primary mesenchymal tumors. Whereas the liver and the peritoneum are known to be the preferential metastasis sites, no therapeutic stan...

    Authors: C. Braunstein, F. Sirveaux, E. Kalbacher, S. Aubry, D. Delroeux, P. Hubert, B. Marie, G. Meynard, I. Mihai and L. Chaigneau

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:428

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Esophageal pressure measurement is a minimally invasive monitoring process that assesses respiratory mechanics in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Airway pressure release ventilation is a rel...

    Authors: Óscar Arellano-Pérez, Felipe Castillo Merino, Roberto Torres-Tejeiro and Sebastián Ugarte Ubiergo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:435

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Neural tube defects are common group of central nervous system anomalies of complex etiology and major public health importance worldwide. The occurrence of multiple neural tube defects, however, is an extreme...

    Authors: Mestet Yibeltal Shiferaw, Atalel Fentahun Awedew, Tsegazeab Laeke T/Mariam, Abenezer Tirsit Aklilu, Yemisirach Bizuneh Akililu and Aemiro Mazengia Andualem

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:429

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Gastric glomus tumor is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm. There are only a few cases of the tumor showing malignancy, and there are no specific guidelines for the management of this entity.

    Authors: Eleni S. Tsagkataki, Mathaios E. Flamourakis, Ioannis G. Gkionis, Michail I. Giakoumakis, Georgios N. Delimpaltadakis, Georgios M. Kazamias, Elpida S. Giannikaki and Manousos S. Christodoulakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:415

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Many pancreatic pseudocysts spontaneously resolve, but larger or symptomatic pseudocysts may require procedural management. Though endoscopic ultrasound guided approaches are standard of care and have high suc...

    Authors: Krittin J. Supapannachart, Christopher R. Funk, Lauren M. Gensler and Matthew P. Butters

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:409

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Catatonia is a clinical syndrome characterized by psychomotor disruption, which often goes undiagnosed. Most reports have focused on interventions and outcomes for catatonia in younger people and those with sc...

    Authors: Emma Bean, Callum Findlay, Claire Gee and Jay Amin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:406

    Content type: Case report

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  32. A high-grade pancreatic injury is a life-threatening injury that is associated with high mortality and morbidity. It is currently unclear which treatment strategy results in good clinical outcomes.

    Authors: Futoshi Nagashima, Satoshi Inoue, Daisaku Matsui, Yuki Bansyoutani, Rina Tokuda, Osamu Fuzisaki and Makoto Kobayashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:404

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Actinomycosis is a rare chronic infection caused by Actinomyces. The abdominopelvic localization of this pathology makes preoperative diagnosis extremely exceptional. The following report is the case of a patient...

    Authors: Hicham Baba, Jawad Fassi Fihri, Mohammed Essaid Ramraoui, Ahmed Elguazzar, Ahmed Zeroual, Mohammed Lahkim, Ahmed El Khader, Abdessamad Achour and Rachid El Barni

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:401

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Follicular thyroid carcinoma is the second most common malignancy of the thyroid gland. In 2016, the so-called Hurthle cell thyroid carcinoma, formerly known as the oxyphilic variant of the follicular thyroid ...

    Authors: Richard David Blossey, Dennis Kleine-Döpke, Kristina Imeen Ringe, Daniel Pöhnert, Bastian Ringe, Jürgen Klempnauer and Oliver Beetz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:399

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Generalized lymphatic anomaly previously known as diffuse systemic lymphangiomatosis is a rare multisystem congenital disease arising from the lymphatic system, and it is characterized by abnormal proliferatio...

    Authors: Tao Liu, Sana Basseri, Ben Mussari, Dominique DaBreo, Sandip SenGupta, Dalila Villalobos and Sara Awad

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:398

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. A detection of parathyroid glands by the evaluation of their autofluorescence in the near-infrared spectrum is considered as a promising tool in addition to their visual verification. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Maksym Gorobeiko and Andrii Dinets

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:414

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Becker’s nevus syndrome is a syndrome characterized by the presence of a Becker’s nevus with ipsilateral breast hypoplasia or hypoplastic defects of the muscle, skin, or skeleton. The nevus usually consists of...

    Authors: Ugo N. Chikani, Ijeoma N. Ohuche and Ada I. Bisi-Onyemaechi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:395

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. Herpes virus remains dormant in human cells and could reactivate under immunosuppressed conditions, such as prolonged critical illnesses. The phenomenon of viral replication during intensive care is well known...

    Authors: Amélie Boquet, Guillaume Boulay, Etienne Hautin and Nicolas Mottard

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:394

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Tocilizumab, an interleukin-6 inhibitor is part of many international guidelines for the management of cytokine storm associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 with observed improvements. However, this d...

    Authors: Shazia Abdullah, Nihal Bashir and Nageena Mahmood

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:426

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Elevated intracranial pressure is a potentially catastrophic complication of neurologic injury in children. Successful management of elevated intracranial pressure requires prompt recognition and therapy direc...

    Authors: Lama S. Al-Mansour, Abdulrahman A. AlRasheed, Khaled R. AlEnezi and Hamza M. AlAli

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:418

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Krukenberg tumors are uncommon and are indicative of an ovarian metastatic carcinoma that originates from another site of primary malignancy. The majority of metastases to ovaries are derived from the stomach ...

    Authors: Chorong Kim, Yoon Hyeon Hu, Kyoungyul Lee, Hyang Ah Lee, Dong Hun Lee and Yung-Taek Ouh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:413

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Infections with nontyphoidal Salmonella most commonly cause a self-limited gastroenteritis in humans and are the leading source of foodborne illness. In the USA, the incidence of culture-confirmed invasive Salmon...

    Authors: Luxi Chen, Temitayo Olojo and Bader Aldeen Alhafez

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:389

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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