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  1. Group A streptococcus infection during pregnancy can be concerning. It may cause toxic shock syndrome, which can be fatal. Here, we report a rare case of a pregnant woman who developed infectious sacroiliitis ...

    Authors: Mikako Nagashima, Norikazu Watanabe, Yosuke Okui, Mika Fukase, Kanako Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Ohta, Seiji Tsutsumi, Yuya Takakubo, Michiaki Takagi and Satoru Nagase
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:55
  2. Notwithstanding the diagnostic and therapeutic advancements, the incidence of cardiac metastases has increased in recent decades. Lung cancers are the most common primary malignant neoplasms with cardiac metas...

    Authors: Pedro Pallangyo, Garvin Kweka, Frederick Lyimo, Henry Mayala, Happiness J. Swai, Zabella Mkojera, Nsajigwa Misidai, Makrina Komba, Jalack Millinga, Smita Bhalia, Faustina Mwapinga, Salma Wibonela and Mohamed Janabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:77
  3. Tumor lysis syndrome is an oncologic emergency that classically occurs following cancer therapy, although spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome can also occur in malignancies, albeit rarely. Spontaneous tumor lysis...

    Authors: Mahan Shafie, Alireza Teymouri, Samaneh Parsa, Ali Sadeghian and Narjes Zarei Jalalabadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:52
  4. Since the beginning of the worldwide spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 to date, important knowledge has been obtained about the virus behavior in living subjects and on inanimate surfac...

    Authors: Martina Bonelli, Enrica Rosato, Marcello Locatelli, Angela Tartaglia, Pietro Falco, Claudia Petrarca, Francesca Potenza, Verena Damiani, Domitilla Mandatori, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Liborio Stuppia and Cristian D’Ovidio
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:72
  5. Hypotension and bradycardia are common hemodynamic complications following carotid artery stenting in patients with carotid artery stenosis. Intravenous fluid resuscitation and inotropes such as dopamine are c...

    Authors: Yaser Jenab, Kaveh Hosseini and Seyed-Mohammad Abtahi-Eivary
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:67
  6. Chronic appendicitis is a condition unfamiliar to many physicians and is often referred to as a controversial diagnosis. This can give rise to diagnostic delay.

    Authors: Nanna Holm, Maria Unni Rømer, Elena Markova, Laura Katrine Buskov, Ann-Brit Eg Hansen and Michala Vaaben Rose
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:51
  7. Beyond the typical respiratory symptoms associated with novel coronavirus, increasing evidence has been reported of the neurological manifestations affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems.

    Authors: Seyede Momeneh Mohammadi, Roghayeh Abdi, Zeinab Karimi and Fatemeh Mortazavi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:63
  8. Glioblastoma belongs to the most common and most aggressive tumor entity of the central nervous system with a poor prognosis of only few months. Once manifested, it grows fast and diffusely by infiltrating the...

    Authors: Roopa Jayarama-Naidu and Evelyn Gallus
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:50
  9. Lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) has been shown to occur after treatment with methotrexate (MTX). Currently, MTX-LPD has become widely recognized, but its mechanism and prognostic factors remain unclear.

    Authors: Ayumi Ogawa, Tsuyoshi Nakagawa, Yuichi Kumaki, Tokuko Hosoya, Goshi Oda, Mio Mori, Tomoyuki Fujioka, Kazunori Kubota, Iichiro Onishi and Hiroyuki Uetake
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:49
  10. BB guns or non-powder guns created in the modern era are able to reach exceedingly fast velocities as a result of advances in compressed-gas technology. While missile penetrating trauma has been well documente...

    Authors: Alysa Almojuela, Zul Kaderali, James McEachern, Colin Kazina and Demitre Serletis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:48
  11. Open wedge high tibial osteotomy is a standard procedure for frontal realignment. It is indicated in varus knee with reduced mechanical medial proximal tibia angle. Overcorrection producing a mechanical medial...

    Authors: Christian Konrads, Sufian S. Ahmad, Tina Histing and Maher Ibrahim
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:43
  12. Chronic quadriceps tendon rupture is technically challenging for surgeons due to scarring and tendon retraction. The presence of concurrent ipsilateral knee osteoarthritis compounds the issue even further. Alt...

    Authors: Imran Haruna Abdulkareem, Perry Liu, Ajeya Adhikhari and Deiary Kader
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:42
  13. Carcinoid heart disease is the cardiac manifestation of carcinoid syndrome. There is limited research on rhythm management in patients with carcinoid heart disease. The association of typical atrial flutter an...

    Authors: Susann Groschke, Rolf Weinert, Björn Becker, Gert Richardt, Ralph Tölg, Leon Iden and Martin Borlich
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:41
  14. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a rare, rapidly progressive, and highly aggressive tumor. It has a global annual incidence of 1–2 per million people. It mostly affects older adults and women. The median surviv...

    Authors: Fany Moreno, Clarisa Reyes, César Alas Pineda, Gustavo Castellanos, Flory Cálix, Jorge Calderón and Walter O. Vasquez-Bonilla
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:39
  15. The effect of coronavirus disease 2019 on the immune system is increasingly recognized. When severe, it causes immune dysregulation that may favor other infections, including Herpesviridae. Cytomegalovirus sha...

    Authors: Abdulkarim Yousef Aldehaim, Abrar Mohammed Alfaifi, Seham Nehdal Hussain and Abdulaziz Mohammed Alrajhi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:58
  16. Neonatal tetanus, though now rare in developed countries, is still a significant cause of mortality in developing countries. Mortality, which can be as high as 100% without medical intervention, can be reduced...

    Authors: Clare Nakubulwa, Emmanuel Opio, Gladys Sarah Alekat, Medrine Kibetenga and Florence Olwedo Egwau Alaroker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:54
  17. Vaccination remains the cornerstone approach to exiting the current global coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The novel messenger ribonucleic acid vacc...

    Authors: Kritchai Vutipongsatorn, Anthony Isaacs and Ziad Farah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:57
  18. In recent decades, cannabis has been widely used around the world for medical and recreational purposes, both legally and illegally. Aside from its therapeutic benefits, cannabis exhibits many adverse effects....

    Authors: Nantanan Jengsuebsant, Sirapat Benjachaya, Jaraspong Vuthiwong and Theerapon Tangsuwanaruk
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:37
  19. The objective is to examine the clinical characteristics of three patients with macular hole that occurred in inferior posterior staphyloma associated with tilted disc syndrome.

    Authors: Hiroshi Mizuno, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masashi Mimura, Masanori Fukumoto, Takaki Sato, Teruyo Kida and Tsunehiko Ikeda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:36
  20. Hydatidosis, a zoonotic disease caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (E. granulosus s.l.), can be primary or secondary. However, primary disseminated intraabdominal hydatidosis is a rare for...

    Authors: Maryam Fasihi Karami, Amin Bahreini, Abdollah Rafiei, Ali Asghar Dastyar and Molouk Beiromvand
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:35
  21. The detection of epidemic-prone pathogens is important in strengthening global health security. Effective public health laboratories are critical for reliable, accurate, and timely testing results in outbreak ...

    Authors: Michael Owusu, Bernard Nkrumah, Ebenezer Kofi Mensah, Jones Lamptey, Godfred Acheampong, David Sambian, Augustina Sylverken, Shannon Emery, Lucy Maryogo Robinson, Solomon Asante Sefa, Eric Amoako, Irene Amedzro, Slyvester Chinbuah, Kwame Asante, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie and David Opare
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:53
  22. Obesity and eating disorders can present together, and pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to the clinician. Generally, lifestyle interventions alone for the treatment of obesity have modest long-term e...

    Authors: Eduardo Grunvald and Jennifer DeConde
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:34
  23. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by necrotizing vasculitis that affects small- and medium-sized blood vessels. Granulomatous inflammation affects the lungs, ear...

    Authors: Hanane Charaf, Rachida Zahraoui, Mouna Soualhi, Nezha Rguig, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Daoud Ali Mohamed and Nasser Ittimad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:47
  24. Metastasis of infradiaphragmatic tumors to the left supraclavicular lymph node is reported to be rare. When metastasis is detected in the left supraclavicular node in patients with head and neck carcinoma, loc...

    Authors: Yumi Mochizuki, Maiko Tsuchiya, Jun Oyama, Akane Wada, Takuma Kugimoto, Takeshi Kuroshima, Hideaki Hirai, Hirofumi Tomioka, Hiroyuki Harada, Tohru Ikeda and Takumi Akashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:33
  25. Mucopolysaccharidosis VI, or Maroteaux–Lamy disease, is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B in the lysosomal catabolism of glycosaminoglycans. Due to reduce...

    Authors: Isadora Andrade, River Ribeiro, Zumira A. Carneiro, Roberto Giugliani, Catarina Pereira, Claudia Cozma, Daniel Grinberg, Lluïsa Vilageliu and Charles M. Lourenco
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:46
  26. Acute flaccid myelitis is a serious condition of the spinal cord. More than 80% of patients experience a mild respiratory illness or fever consistent with a viral infection prior to acute flaccid myelitis deve...

    Authors: Pia Jennes Foli-Andersen, Anja Munkholm, Gitte Rønde, Malene Landbo Børresen, Jens Erik Klint Nielsen, Sofie Midgley and Didi Bang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:32
  27. The spectrum of clinical manifestations and differential diagnosis associated with coronavirus disease 2019 is broad, ranging from fever and cutaneous eruptions to respiratory distress or even neurological dis...

    Authors: Jowita Bruno, Silvio Ragozzino, Jonas Quitt, Martin Siegemund and Niklaus Labhardt
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:45
  28. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis is dominated by inflammatory occlusion of small vessels, causing tissue ischemia in various organs. This disorder has rarely been associated with vascu...

    Authors: Maassoumeh Akhlaghi Kalahroodi, Maryam Loghman, Mahsa Ramezanpoor, Reza Shahriarirad and Ehsan Rahmanian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:28
  29. Human hepcidin, produced by hepatocytes, regulates intestinal iron absorption, iron recycling by macrophages, and iron release from hepatic storage. Recent studies indicate that hepcidin deficiency is the unde...

    Authors: Yuki Hamada, Eiichi Hirano, Koji Sugimoto, Keizo Hanada, Taiichi Kaku, Naoki Manda and Kenichi Tsuchida
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:26
  30. Inflammatory aneurysms and mycotic aneurysms make up a minority of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Mainly autoimmune mechanisms are proposed in the pathogenesis of inflammatory aneurysms, and it is not routine to ...

    Authors: Magne Torsteinsen, Hans-Johnny Schjeldrup Nilsen, Jan Kristian Damås, Dordi Stensvåg-Midelfart, Linn Åldstedt Nyrønning and Kåre Bergh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:44
  31. In foreign language syndrome, patients switch from their native language and fixate for a period of time on a second language. There have been few reported cases. The language switch typically occurs postopera...

    Authors: Husam K. Z. Salamah, Eva Mortier, Renske Wassenberg and Jacqueline J. M. H. Strik
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:25
  32. Positioning a patient on the catheterization table is important for proper cardiac or respiratory function during peripheral vascular interventions. Fowler’s position, where the patient’s head is a 45° angle, ...

    Authors: Akihiro Nakamura, Kenjiro Sato and Hideaki Endo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:40
  33. The relatively isolated atrophy of the temporal lobes leads to a clinical radiological pattern, referred to as the temporal variant of frontotemporal dementia. While semantic dementia and behavioral variant fr...

    Authors: Thiago Paranhos, Tiago Lucas, Antonio de Salles, Jorge Moll and Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:21
  34. Previous reports have shown an increased number of colorectal cancers in patients with cystic fibrosis. We assessed the database of our cystic fibrosis center to identify patients with all kinds of cancer retr...

    Authors: Dorothea Appelt, Teresa Fuchs, Gratiana Steinkamp and Helmut Ellemunter
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:27
  35. Biochemical analyses of causative bacteria do not always result in clear identification, and new technologies aimed at improving diagnostic accuracy continue to be developed. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/i...

    Authors: Noboru Horinouchi, Seiji Shiota, Takeshi Takakura, Atsushi Yoshida, Ken Kikuchi, Akira Nishizono and Eishi Miyazaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:19
  36. Melanoma develops in the cells that produce melanin; ocular melanoma accounts for 3–4% of all malignant melanomas. Thyroid tumors are the most common endocrine neoplasms, with more than 95% of cases arising fr...

    Authors: Seiiedeh Samaneh Taghian Jamaleddin Kolaii, Amir Reza Dehghanian and Marjan Jeddi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:29
  37. Calciphylaxis is a rare, often fatal disease resulting from calcification of dermal arterioles and capillaries. Usually diagnosed in patients with end-stage renal disease, this disorder typically presents as n...

    Authors: Gordon Smilnak, Michael Jiang and Bijal Jain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:18
  38. Myofascial pain is a complex health condition that affects the majority of the general population. Myalgia has been recognized as a symptom of long COVID syndrome. The treatment for long COVID syndrome-related...

    Authors: Mengyi Zha, Kristina Chaffee and Jude Alsarraj
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:31
  39. Surgical resection of gallbladder cancer with negative margins is the only potentially curative therapy. Most patients with gallbladder cancer are diagnosed in an advanced stage and, despite the availability o...

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Keishi Hakoda, Hiroyuki Sawada, Ryuichi Hotta, Ichiro Ohmori, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Kazuhiro Toyota, Seiji Sadamoto and Tadateru Takahashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:30
  40. Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disorder characterized by degeneration of lower motor neurons, leading to progressive muscular atrophy and even paralysis. Spinal muscular atrophy usually associated with a...

    Authors: Cempaka Thursina Srie Setyaningrum, Indra Sari Kusuma Harahap, Dian Kesumapramudya Nurputra, Irwan Taufiqur Rachman and Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:14
  41. Fenestration of the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery is a very rare finding, and its origin is still not fully understood. Explanations of its genesis range from dissections leading to the fenes...

    Authors: Christian Nasel, Angelina Poetsch, Cornelia Brunner and Ewald Moser
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:13

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:95

  42. Symptomatic pituitary metastasis is rare; furthermore, it can result in diabetes insipidus and panhypopituitarism. Since diabetes insipidus is masked by concurrent panhypopituitarism, it can impede the diagnos...

    Authors: Hiroaki Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Maruo, Masami Nakamura, Yukitaka Ushio, Masayuki Hirata and Haruhiko Kishima
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:12
  43. Kawasaki disease is an idiopathic medium-sized vasculitis that occurs primarily in infants and children younger than 5 years of age. Atypical Kawasaki disease applies to patients who do not fulfill the complet...

    Authors: Walaa Alshammasi, Abeer Bargawi, Aljuhara Abdulrahman, Mariam Alhaji, Fakherah AL Qahtani and Ali Aldajani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:11
  44. Tumor-induced osteomalacia is a rare, acquired paraneoplastic syndrome, including hypophosphatemia, high serum alkaline phosphatase, reduced active vitamin D, suboptimal bone mineral density, bone pain, fragil...

    Authors: Khalid Aligail, Joel A. Dave and Ian Louis Ross
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:22
  45. Cervical thymoma is a rare thymic epithelial neoplasm. Evidence supports an increased risk of second primary malignancies in patients with thymoma. We report a rare case of a patient with synchronous cervical ...

    Authors: Chutima Kunacheewa, Sattawut Wongwiangjunt and Sanya Sukpanichnant
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:10

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