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  1. With further understanding of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, hyperthyroidism has gradually been revealed as a rare predisposing factor for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, which may present as more compact...

    Authors: Jia Jia, Gangmin Xi, Wei Fan, Guiping Wang, Junwen Li and Jing Huang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:250
  2. Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis is an uncommon multisystem disorder caused by mutation of the transthyretin protein, leading to peripheral neuropathy often with autonomic features, cardiomyopathy, or a mi...

    Authors: Angela Lee, Nowell M. Fine, Vera Bril, Diego Delgado and Christopher Hahn
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:248
  3. Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional gastrointestinal disease. Visceral hypersensitivity is the most important pathophysiology in irritable bowel syndrome. Currently, diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome ...

    Authors: Shima Kumei, Masatomo Ishioh, Yuki Murakami, Katsuyoshi Ando, Tsukasa Nozu and Toshikatsu Okumura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:247
  4. Pulmonary complications can be caused by intraoperative mechanical ventilation. In particular, prolonged mechanical ventilation is associated with a high mortality rate, a risk of pulmonary complications, prol...

    Authors: Takuya Hosoe, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Honoka Hamasaki and Kotomi Nonoyama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:265
  5. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has had a serious impact on global mental health, particularly in intensive care unit survivors. Given the lethal potential and unpredictability of coronavirus disease 201...

    Authors: Lamyae Benzakour, Emmanouela Kakoraiti, Alexandre Perrin, Sara Cereghetti and Frédéric Assal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:263
  6. We report a rare case in medical literature of a patient with pineal gland teratoma and uncommon metastases. Usually, metastases of this kind of tumor are located in several organs such as lung and breast, but...

    Authors: Bayan AlRefaei, Taj Al Haj Husain, Ricarda Alwaw, Fatema Alzahraa Salama and Ghassan Hamzeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:261
  7. Noninvasive management by closed reduction is a desirable treatment for temporomandibular joint dislocation. However, reduction of long-standing temporomandibular joint dislocation is often difficult. Various ...

    Authors: Ryo Uetsuki, Shigehiro Ono, Misato Tada, Satoshi Okuda and Masaaki Takechi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:245
  8. Restorative reproductive medicine represents a comprehensive approach to subfertility (infertility and miscarriage) with investigations, diagnoses, and treatments combined with fertility charting to restore op...

    Authors: Phil C. Boyle, Joseph B. Stanford and Ivana Zecevic
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:246
  9. Systemic sclerosis is a multisystemic character autoimmune disease. It is characterized by vascular dysfunction and progressive fibrosis affecting mainly the skin but also different internal organs. All heart ...

    Authors: Raid Faraj, Nabil Laktib, Safae Hilal, Fadoun Hassan, Amine Krimech, Alaa Bouanani, Mohamed Sarsari, Ibtissam Fellat, Jamila Zarzur and Mohamed Cherti
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:258
  10. Methemoglobinemia is an excess of oxidized hemoglobin in the blood, affecting oxygen transportation. It is characterized by central cyanosis that does not respond to oxygen therapy. Prognosis is excellent when...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Sonck, Eric Bourmanne, Julien Bruteyn and Waheed Dolip
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:244
  11. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung is a distinctive salivary-gland-type malignant epithelial neoplasm that rarely presents as a primary tumor of the respiratory tract. Complete surgical resection remains the...

    Authors: Mia Elhidsi, Jamal Zaini, Aziza Ghanie, Aida Lutfi Huswatun, Romi Beginta, Susan Hendriarini Mety and Elisna Syahruddin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:243
  12. Lymphangioma is a rare diagnosis in adult patients and typically presents in early infancy. These tumors are a result of malformation of the lymphatic vessels and usually involve the head, neck, and axilla.

    Authors: Sasha Kurumety, Michael Morris and Zeynep Bostanci Aydi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:242
  13. Sebaceous carcinoma is a very rare, aggressive, malignant tumor arising in the adnexal epithelium of the sebaceous gland. Sebaceous carcinoma in the oral cavity is extremely rare, with only 14 cases reported i...

    Authors: Michele Di Cosola, Francesca Spirito, Mariateresa Ambrosino, Pasquale Somma, Andrea Santarelli, Stefania Staibano and Lorenzo Lo Muzio
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:241
  14. Partial-thickness rotator cuff tears are commonly found in the articular-side tendon of the supraspinatus; however, isolated lesions, except those occurring in the supraspinatus tendons, are rare. We report th...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Onada, Hideyuki Sasanuma, Takahisa Umemoto, Tomomichi Kajino and Tadashi Shimizu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:240
  15. Peroneal tendon subluxation is a rare pathology, generally associated with sport-induced trauma, that occurs due to the rupture of the superior peroneal retinaculum. The diagnosis is mainly clinical, but the u...

    Authors: Camila Grandberg, Diovano Paust de Oliveira and Julio Cesar Gali
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:239
  16. Trophoblastic differentiation in primary urothelial carcinoma of the prostate is extremely rare. An increased level of β-subunit human chorionic gonadotropin in serum in urothelial carcinoma is detected in app...

    Authors: Julia Sołek, Marta Kalwas, Magdalena Sobczak, Sylwia Dębska-Szmich, Piotr Kupnicki and Dorota Jesionek-Kupnicka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:238
  17. Survivors of moderate and severe traumatic brain injury typically present with spasticity, an upper motor neuron lesion associated with hyperexcitability of the stretch reflex due to disinhibition of cortical ...

    Authors: Najmeh Sedighimehr, Saber Zafarshamspour and Mohammadhassan Sadeghi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:237
  18. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the spinal ligament compresses the spinal cord, causing various spinal nerve diseases. The ligament tissue is an important connective tissue in the joints...

    Authors: Michiyo Tsuru, Takayoshi Oosio, Teruyo Higashi, Kensei Nagata, Kanichiro Wada and Yasuyuki Ishibashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:236
  19. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare demyelinating disease that is often secondary to lytic destruction of oligodendrocytes and, to a lesser extent, to astrocytes’ response to human neurotrophi...

    Authors: Sima Bahrami, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Nabavi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Morteza Fallahpour, Afshin Rezaeifar and Sima Shokri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:235
  20. Coronavirus disease 2019 is an infectious disease with many presentations, and many of its effects on the human body are still unknown. Pheochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumor that may occur sporadically or...

    Authors: Hoda Naghshineh, Amirhossein Hasanpour, Naghmeh Ziaei, Mahmoud Sadeghi and Neda Meftah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:233
  21. Hepatitis A virus infections are mostly asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, and generally this disease has a benign course and resolves spontaneously. However, intrahepatic and rarer extrahepatic manifestation...

    Authors: Jihad Samer Zalloum, Tareq Z. Alzughayyar, Fawzy M. Abunejma, Ibba Mayadma, Layan Ziad Tomeh, Karim Jamal Abulaila, Asil Husam Yagmour, Khalid Jamal Faris, Mohammed A. S. Aramin, Mo’min Ra’id Mesk, Asala Khalil Hasani, Balqis Mustafa Shawer, Rawand Hisham Titi, Ayat A. Z. Aljuba, Hussam I. A. Alzeerelhouseini and Yousef I. M. Zatari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:231
  22. Brain abscess is a life-threatening event. Moreover, when Klebsiella pneumoniae is the cause, rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment are required. Klebsiella invasive liver abscess syndrome, a bloodstream meta...

    Authors: Osamu Kinoshita, Takanari Okamoto, Takayuki Ota, Shun Takayama, Yuta Oi, Sachie Tanaka, Ichita Taniyama, Kei Naito and Yasuo Inoue
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:234
  23. The optimal management for peritoneal dissemination in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma remains unclear. Although several reports have described the usefulness of surgical resection, the indications shou...

    Authors: Yuma Tani, Hiroki Sato, Ryuichi Yoshida, Kazuya Yasui, Yuzo Umeda, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Tomokazu Fuji, Kenjiro Kumano, Kosei Takagi, Masaaki Kagoura, Takahito Yagi and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:222
  24. Prostate cancer may rarely metastasize to the colon and colonic lymph nodes, and local treatment of oligometastatic deposits may improve oncological outcomes. Immunohistochemical stains are used to determine t...

    Authors: David N. Naumann, Rahul K. Hejmadi and Jonathan J. R. Richardson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:221
  25. Dengue fever is one of the most common tropical diseases, with high prevalence in many tropical countries including Sri Lanka. Dengue infection can present from subclinical infection to dengue shock syndrome. ...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy, A. Ganeshrajah, Kavinda Dayasiri and N. P. Jayasekara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:219
  26. Hump-nosed pit viper is a medically important deadly venomous snake in Sri Lanka and is the commonest cause of venomous snakebites in the country. It frequently causes local effects and systemic manifestations...

    Authors: R. M. M. K. Namal Rathnayaka, P. E. A. Nishanthi Ranathunga, S. A. M. Kularatne and Sanath Jayasinghe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:218
  27. Type 1 neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation is a rare neurological disorder with estimated prevalence of one to two per million persons worldwide, characterized by progressive degeneration of basal g...

    Authors: Pedro Enrique Labrada-Aguilera, David Armando Guach-Hevia, Carlos Rafael Almira-Gómez and Daniel Alejandro González-Lago
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:217
  28. We describe a case of Mauriac syndrome, which is a rare complication of poorly controlled type I diabetes that combines glycogenosis, hepatomegaly, growth retardation with a Cushingoid appearance that is most ...

    Authors: Waheed Dolip, Eric Bourmanne, Charlotte Van Homwegen and Marc Van Nuffelen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:232
  29. Transverse congenital limb deficiency is a common limb deficiency where there is normal limb development until a certain point, beyond which no anatomical structure exists. Typically, this presents as an isola...

    Authors: Amen Samuel Melaku, Fiker Tadesse Bekele, Yilkal Muchie Dires and Laurence Wicks
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:216
  30. Mature teratoma is the most common germ cell tumor as it represents 95% of germ cell tumors. Although common in children and young adults, ovarian teratoma can occur at any age. Mature teratomas are composed o...

    Authors: Ahmed AlEssa, Hassan H. AlAhmadi, Ayesha Ahmed, Abdulatif AlMousa, Nasreen G. Hamadeh and Yasir A. Hassan Farah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:215
  31. We present the first case to our knowledge of a spontaneous twin pregnancy in a 16-year-old Caucasian patient with cystic fibrosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Cystic fibrosis is one of the most common au...

    Authors: Paula Baptista Sanseverino, Anneliese Hoffmann, Sandra Machado, Mariana Farias, Marcus Silva Michels, Maria Teresa Vieira Sanseverino and Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:230
  32. Human immunodeficiency virus/tuberculosis coinfections have amplified the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis pandemic in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has become a ma...

    Authors: Lydia Nakiyingi, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Willy Ssengooba, Sharon Miriam Namiiro, Paul Buyego, Ivan Kimuli and Susan Adakun
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:214
  33. Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare malignancy (0.5–2 cases/million/year) with a poor prognosis. Hypercortisolism, virilization, and compressive features are among the common presentations of adrenocortical car...

    Authors: D. R. Abeynayake, Sopan V, K. J. C. Perera, A. Paramanantham and T. M. J. Munasinghe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:229
  34. Adenomatoid mesothelioma is a rare subtype of malignant mesothelioma that can be confused with adenomatoid tumors, which are classified as benign. The clinical features and optimal management of adenomatoid me...

    Authors: Kenta Kawabe, Hiroki Sato, Akiko Kitano, Ryuichi Yoshida, Kazuya Yasui, Yuzo Umeda, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Tomokazu Fuji, Kenjiro Kumano, Kosei Takagi, Masaaki Kagoura, Takahito Yagi and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:228
  35. Spontaneous spinal cord hemorrhage is extremely rare in dengue fever. We report a case of spontaneous spinal intradural hemorrhage in dengue fever associated with severe thrombocytopenia.

    Authors: Rajeev Mohan Kaushik, Ranjit Kumar, Madhurima Kaushik, Manju Saini and Reshma Kaushik
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:213
  36. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, also known as Osler–Weber–Rendu disease, induces arteriovenous malformations in visceral organs. Arteriovenous malformations increase the risk of severe infections and ar...

    Authors: Genki Naruse, Takatomo Watanabe and Hiroyuki Okura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:211
  37. Chronic cough, with a duration of coughing of more than 8 weeks in adults, affects 5–10% of the general population. One of the most common causes of chronic cough is cough-variant asthma, which accounts for ap...

    Authors: Mahsa Rekabi, Nasim Raad, Atefeh Abedini, Sepideh Darougar and Ali Akbar Velayati
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:208
  38. Hydrocephalus caused by excessive liquor production due to choroid plexus hyperplasia is a rare condition that may necessitate unusual treatment paradigms. It can be seen in trisomy 9p where coexisting congeni...

    Authors: Mikkel Bak Henningsen, Helga Angela Gulisano and Carsten Reidies Bjarkam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:206
  39. Today, retrograde intrarenal surgery is the most preferred and very successful treatment method for upper ureteral stones that do not spontaneously pass and/or do not benefit from extracorporeal wave lithotrip...

    Authors: Yavuz Güler
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:204
  40. Ectopic intrathyroidal thymic tissue is a rare diagnosis, specifically in adults. Such ectopic tissue is usually misdiagnosed as benign or malignant thyroid lesions and is mainly investigated by ultrasonograph...

    Authors: Sadegh Moradian, Sina Delazar, Farzad Yazdani and Maryam Mohammadzadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:224
  41. Flexion contracture in the lower extremity is a common finding in the patient with neuromusculoskeletal disorders. However, severe cases due to prolonged immobilization in knee–chest position are rarely establ...

    Authors: Ahmad Jabir Rahyussalim, Muhammad Luqman Labib Zufar and Tri Kurniwati
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:225
  42. Women with female genital mutilation/cutting are known to have psychological sequelae from the cutting and other traumatic experiences. However, very few studies report immediate psychological sequelae of geni...

    Authors: Gianmarco Taraschi, Emily Manin, Francesco Bianchi De Micheli and Jasmine Abdulcadir
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:223
  43. Adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy for infantile spasms, including West syndrome, has been previously reported to induce seizures. We present the findings for a school-aged child with epilepsy who developed n...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Ota, Shuichi Shimakawa, Hikaru Tsuda-Kitahara, Miho Fukui, Mitsuru Kashiwagi and Akira Ashida
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:200
  44. Bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction is a common cause of secondary hypertension in the pediatric population, often due to congenital malformation. On the other hand, it is less frequently encountered ...

    Authors: Bruce Adrian Casipit, Jerald Pelayo, Joseph Alexander Paguio, Jasper Seth Yao and Niel Shah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:220

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:267

  45. Pyoderma gangrenosum and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma are two conditions well reported in the literature and may exist concurrently in the same patient. In fact, there have been reports of misdiagnosis of...

    Authors: Amy Morrison, Carlene Waters-Hollingsworth and G. Mabel Gamboa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:199

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