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  1. Obstructive sleep apnea is related to increased systemic inflammation and arterial hypertension. We present a case of retropharyngeal hematoma without trauma und hypothesize that this could be caused by untrea...

    Authors: Christian Warken, Nicole Rotter, Joachim Theodor Maurer, Ulrike Attenberger and Anne Lammert

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:269

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder that causes spontaneous, unprovoked, and recurrent seizures. Epilepsy is clinically and genetically heterogeneous with various modes of inheritance. The comple...

    Authors: Maryem Sahli, Abdelali Zrhidri, Siham Chafai Elaloui, Wiam Smaili, Jaber Lyahyai, Fatima Zohra Oudghiri and Abdelaziz Sefiani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:266

    Content type: Case report

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  3. We report a case of a patient with a rare clinical condition: cystic angiomatosis presenting as pleural effusion and multiple bone lesions mimicking a metastatic malignant neoplasia. With only about 50 such ca...

    Authors: Caroline Souza dos Anjos, Rafaela Melo Campos Borges, Ananda Castro Chaves, William Hiromi Fuzita, Carlos Augusto Moreira Silva and Ubiratã Gomes Loureiro de Oliveira

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:265

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Peritoneal metastases are often reported in several abdominal tumors. Peritoneal diffusion from extra-abdominal tumors is thought to be rare. Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world with ear...

    Authors: Simone Sibio, Giuseppe Sigismondo Sica, Sara Di Carlo, Maurizio Cardi, Alessandra Di Giorgio, Bianca Maria Sollazzo and Paolo Sammartino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:262

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The coexistence of malignancies in a patient may be explained by the tumor-to-tumor metastasis phenomenon or multiple primary malignant tumors, both of which are not common findings. Here, we are going to pres...

    Authors: Arya Aminorroaya, Mohsen Khoshniatnikoo, Hossein Farrokhpour, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh and Mohammad Bagherzadeh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:259

    Content type: Case report

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  6. A hydatidiform mole with a coexisting fetus is a rare condition that commonly occurs as either a partial mole with fetus or a twin pregnancy comprising a complete mole and normal fetus. In the former case, the...

    Authors: Nozomi Uemura, Yasushi Takai, Yukiko Mikami, Miwa Ogasawara, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Junichi Tamaru, Masaaki Hara and Hiroyuki Seki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:256

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Penetrating neck and chest trauma is a very common entity in emergency medicine that usually requires surgical treatment. Our case report illustrates the case of a 27-year-old Arabian man with hemopneumothorax...

    Authors: Roberto Corzani, Lisa De Leonibus, Luca Luzzi, Marco Ghisalberti, Fabiola Meniconi, Tommaso Ligabue and Piero Paladini

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:255

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Avascular necrosis of the femoral capital epiphysis is the most serious complication after traumatic dislocation of the hip in children. This case report discusses the localization and revascularization of the...

    Authors: Kenta Momii, Satoshi Hamai, Goro Motomura, Kensuke Kubota, Masato Kiyohara, Takuaki Yamamoto and Yasuharu Nakashima

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:254

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Psoas or epidural abscesses are often accompanied by pyogenic spondylitis and require drainage. Posterolateral percutaneous endoscopic techniques are usually used for hernia discectomy, but this approach is al...

    Authors: Keiichiro Iida, Koichi Yoshikane, Osamu Tono, Kiyoshi Tarukado and Katsumi Harimaya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:253

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Chronic insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea are both common sleep disorders. Chronic insomnia is thought to result from stress-related physiologic hyperarousal (somatic arousal) that makes it difficult for an in...

    Authors: Michael Proothi, Victor J. R. Grazina and Avram R. Gold

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:252

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Various antiepileptic drugs can potentially cause psychiatric side effects in patients with epilepsy, but the precise mechanism of these actions remains unknown. In recent years, the common polymorphism C677T ...

    Authors: Masaru Shimura, Hikari Yamada, Hidekuni Takahashi, Naoto Yamada, Soken Go, Gaku Yamanaka and Hisashi Kawashima

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:250

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculectomy is a novel and useful technique for ab interno trabeculotomy. However, gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculectomy is difficult to perform in patients with c...

    Authors: Isao Nakao, Tadashi Mine, Mika Sakaguchi and Hiroshi Enaida

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:249

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Mucinous nonneoplastic cyst of the pancreas is a rare disease defined as a cystic lesion lined with mucinous epithelium, supported by hypocellular stroma and not communicating with the pancreatic ducts. Mucino...

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Ichiro Ohmori, Nozomi Karakuchi, Yuki Takemoto, Manabu Shimomura, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Masahiro Ikeda, Kazuhiro Toyota, Seiji Sadamoto and Tadateru Takahashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:264

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Hyperammonemia is a common cause of metabolic encephalopathy, mainly related to hepatic cirrhosis. Numerous nonhepatic etiologies exist but they are infrequent and not well known, thus, leading to misdiagnosis...

    Authors: Antonio Leidi, Marisa Pisaturo and Thierry Fumeaux

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:248

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Cervical lymph node swelling is quite a common symptom mainly caused by infections in the face or as metastasis of a malignant tumor. In infection cases in particular, rare diseases should never be overlooked....

    Authors: R. Rothweiler, M. A. Fuessinger, R. Schmelzeisen and M. C. Metzger

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:247

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Solitary fibrous tumors are tumors of mesenchymal origin that occur in the extremities and occasionally in pleura, meninges, and so on, but are extremely rare in the adrenal gland. Their biological behavior is...

    Authors: Hailu Wondimu Gebresellassie, Yusuf Mohammed, Brahenu Kotiso, Bereket Amare and Aemero Kebede

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:246

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Acute appendicitis is known to cause intestinal obstruction. The presentation is commonly due to functional obstruction, but on very rare occasions it presents as mechanical obstruction, especially closed loop.

    Authors: Khaled Ahmed Ahmed, Ahmed Mohamed Farid Hamdy, Moustafa Ibrahim Seifeldin and Moustafa Refaie Elkeleny

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:208

    Content type: Case report

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  18. In the publication of this article [1], the figures were accidentally omitted due to an error. This has now been updated in the original article within the Case presentation section.

    Authors: Jennifer Maguire and Deborah Holt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:263

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:174

  19. Anomalies in primary teeth are comparatively fewer than in the permanent teeth. The presence of a primary canine with two roots is very rare. An unusual anomaly like this may lead to problems during extraction...

    Authors: Ali Assiry

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:261

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Apert syndrome, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man number 101200, is a rare genetic condition, with autosomal dominant inheritance, characterized by craniosynostosis, midfacial malformation, and severe symmet...

    Authors: Gara Samara Brajadenta, Ariestya Indah Permata Sari, Donny Nauphar, Tiar Masykuroh Pratamawati and Vincent Thoreau

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:244

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Pseudomeningocele or cerebrospinal fluid leakage is one of the most common complications of foramen magnum decompression with duraplasty for Chiari I malformation. Usually, cerebrospinal fluid leakage is treat...

    Authors: Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Eiji Abe and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:243

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Medullary ischemia secondary to surgical procedures of the infrarenal aorta is an infrequent and mostly devastating complication of this procedure, and its nonspecific clinical presentation makes it difficult ...

    Authors: Erika D. Pérez-Riveros, Cesar A. Cardona-Montes, Carlos A. Zapata-Álvarez, Wendy L. Sotelo-Hernández and Alirio R. Bastidas-Goyes

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:242

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Pseudoaneurysm of thoracic aorta as a complication of blunt trauma to the chest, can present with a variety of symptoms due to mass compression effect. Here we report the first pseudoaneurysm of thoracic aorta...

    Authors: Zahra Azizi, Pouria Alipour, Maria Terricabras and Yaariv Khaykin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:239

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels are often elevated in patients with malignant diseases. However, the etiology of elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels may be extremely difficult to determine con...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Matsueda, Toshio Otani, Yusuke Fujioka and Motowo Mizuno

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:237

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Polyarteritis nodosa is a small vessel to medium vessel vasculitis that frequently presents with multi-organ involvement, but can sometimes be limited to single organs such as the testes. Patients often requir...

    Authors: Mohan Stewart, Greg Marcotte, Michael A. Seidman and Natasha Dehghan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:236

    Content type: Case report

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  26. The utilization of monoclonal antibodies has become more widespread over the past decade. However, the development of non-caseating granulomas with the use of monoclonal antibodies, such as ustekinumab, is not...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Gad, Najdat Bazarbashi, Manpreet Kaur and Amit Gupta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:257

    Content type: Case report

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  27. 17α-Hydroxylase deficiency is a recessively inherited autosomal disease caused by mutations in the CYP17A1 gene. It is a rare disease and accounts for approximately 1% of congenital adrenal cortex hyperplasias. I...

    Authors: Yukiko Mikami, Yasushi Takai, Mana Obata-Yasuoka, Ryo Kumagai, Hiroaki Yagyu, Kosuke Shigematsu, Haipeng Huang, Nozomi Uemura, Mamiko Shinsaka, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba and Hiroyuki Seki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:235

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Transfemoral access is the traditional gold standard for uterine artery angiography; however, transradial access is gaining in popularity because of its decreased complication profile and patient preference. W...

    Authors: Akhil A. Chandra, Anthony N. Grieff, Adrian C. Balica and William E. Beckerman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:234

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The potential complications of pulmonary sequestration are serious and may include recurrent pulmonary infection, hemoptysis, and tumorigenesis. Therefore, the gold standard of treatment has been surgery. Alth...

    Authors: Nozomu Motono, Shun Iwai, Aika Funasaki, Atsushi Sekimura, Katsuo Usuda and Hidetaka Uramoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:228

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the spirochete, Treponema pallidum. While primary syphilis often involves genitalia, oral manifestations are observed in a subset of patients. These lesio...

    Authors: Kaitlyn L. Streight, Ronald M. Paranal and Daniel M. Musher

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:227

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Ameloblastomas are uncommon locally aggressive tumors of odontogenic epithelium that rarely metastasize. Currently, there is no standard of care for the metastatic forms. Several studies have shown that amelob...

    Authors: Morgane Broudic-Guibert, Jean-Yves Blay, Léa Vazquez, Alexandre Evrard, Marie Karanian, Sophie Taïeb, Natalie Hoog-Labouret, Céline Mahier Ait Oukhatar, Rania Boustany-Grenier and Antoine Arnaud

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:245

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The sawtooth fetal heart rate pattern is rare, and has been reported as a possible indicator of neurological sequelae in newborns. However, we observed this fetal heart rate pattern in an infant with normal ne...

    Authors: Satoshi Ohira, Sakura Yamanaka, Ryoichi Asaka, Hirofumi Ando, Chiho Fuseya, Norihiko Kikuchi, Tsutomu Miyamoto, Makoto Kanai and Tanri Shiozawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:226

    Content type: Case report

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  33. The pathophysiology of pulmonary edema is generally considered to result from elevated pulmonary capillary hydrostatic pressure due to increased left atrial pressure in consequence of a failing left ventricle.

    Authors: Daniel Tuchscherer, Alexa Hollinger, Jens Bremerich and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:225

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Identifying the most appropriate antiretroviral regimen for pregnant women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) infection can be challenging, mainly due to pregnancy-related physiological alterations whic...

    Authors: Sheila Chiesi, Sebastiano Rizzardo, Daniela Piacentini, Giorgia Be, Emanuela Lattuada, Evelina Tacconelli and Massimiliano Lanzafame

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:224

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a serious disorder which occurs post hematopoietic stem cell transplant or solid organ transplantation. T-prolymphocytic leukemia is a T cell type monomorphic po...

    Authors: Ganesh Kasinathan, Ahlam Naila Kori and Norasyikin Mohamad Azmie

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:223

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy. Nearly half of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome have cranial nerve involvement. However, isolated bilateral ptosis without ophthalm...

    Authors: Udaya Ralapanawa, Prabhashini Kumarihamy, Thilak Jayalath and Jeevani Udupihille

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:221

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Intradural extramedullary spinal metastasis is a relatively rare condition. Furthermore, there are few reports with the initial presentation being a neurological symptom from an intradural metastasis. We repor...

    Authors: Keita Koyama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Masahiro Inoue, Akihiko Okawa, Arata Nakajima, Masato Sonobe, Yorikazu Akatsu, Junya Saito, Shinji Taniguchi, Manabu Yamada, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuchika Aoki, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Masashi Yamazaki, Seiji Ohtori…

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:220

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Gastric duplication is a relatively rare congenital malformation, accounting for approximately 2.9–3.8% of gastrointestinal duplications. Gastric duplication cyst is a congenital anomaly that is rarely observe...

    Authors: Hideki Izumi, Hisamichi Yoshii, Rin Abe, Masaya Mukai, Eiji Nomura, Hiroyuki Ito, Tomoko Sugiyama, Takuma Tajiri and Hiroyasu Makuuchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:240

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Adults with unoperated congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries are rare but form a distinct group among adults with congenital heart disease. Patients with congenitally corrected transpositi...

    Authors: Sang-Yeong Cho, Yeonyee E. Yoon, Wonjae Lee, Si-Hyuck Kang, Young Hwan Song, Cheong Lim, Goo-Yeong Cho and Jeong-Wook Seo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:219

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Intercostal lung herniation is a rare condition that may be congenital (20%) or acquired (80%). The isolated congenital form is exceptional, with one case reported in the literature.

    Authors: Toussain Wendlamita Tapsoba, Christine Grapin-Dagorno, Arnaud Bonnard and Alaa El-Ghoneimi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:232

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Buruli ulcer caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans is endemic in parts of West Africa and is most prevalent among the 5–15 years age group; Buruli ulcer is uncommon among neonates. The mode of transmission and incubat...

    Authors: Y. A. Amoako, M. Frimpong, D. O. Awuah, G. Plange-Rhule, E. Boakye-Yiadom, B. Agbavor, F. Sarpong, H. Ahor, E. Adu, K. G. Danso, M. K. Abass, K. Asiedu, M. Wansbrough-Jones and R. O. Phillips

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:218

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Extradural schwannoma arising from high cervical spinal root is a rare entity in children. We report a case of extradural cervical schwannoma in a 14-year-old boy.

    Authors: Apar Pokharel, T. S. Rao, Prabhat Basnet, Bikash Pandey, Naganawalachulu Jayaprakash Mayya and Suvekshya Jaiswal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:230

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Aortic valve regurgitation leading to coronary steal phenomenon can severely impair cardiac function in hypoplastic left heart syndrome, thus worsening long-term outcome.

    Authors: Hannah E. Fürniss, Rouven Kubicki, Brigitte Stiller, Katja Reineker, Matthias Siepe and Jochen Grohmann

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:217

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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