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  1. Content type: Case report

    Plasmodium vivax was traditionally thought to be benign; however, nowadays it presents with a myriad of systemic complications like cerebral malaria, acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute kidney injury, acut...

    Authors: Vineet Jain, Khan Afreen, Jyotsana Kumari, Tanveer Mir, Bilal Wani and Romit Bhushan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:212

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Oral and maxillofacial surgeons often encounter foreign objects within the human body. Despite the visual identification of foreign objects via imaging techniques, the accurate determination of their position ...

    Authors: Shintaro Sukegawa, Shingo Yoneda, Takahiro Kanno, Hidetoshi Tohmori and Yoshihiko Furuki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:209

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Little information is available on the treatment of open bite with temporomandibular joint disorder by intrusion of molars using miniscrews.

    Authors: Masato Kaku, Taeko Yamamoto, Yuka Yashima, Jin Izumino, Haruka Kagawa, Kazutaka Ikeda and Kotaro Tanimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:207

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  4. Content type: Case report

    We describe a combinatorial intensive care approach and discuss the critical factors that allowed us to successfully manage a life-threatening case of acute anaerobic septic shock triggered by descending necro...

    Authors: Dijana Popevski, Magdelena Popovska-Cvetkova, Katerina Ignevska, Rodney A. Rosalia and Zan Mitrev

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:205

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Molar pregnancies belong to a group of diseases classified as gestational trophoblastic diseases, which result from an altered fertilization. Partial molar pregnancy with a live fetus is a very rare condition,...

    Authors: Pasquale De Franciscis, Antonio Schiattarella, Domenico Labriola, Carolina Tammaro, Enrico Michelino Messalli, Elvira La Mantia, Marco Montella and Marco Torella

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:204

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Brake oil is an automobile transmission fluid composed of a mixture of toxic alcohols such as ethylene glycols and glycol ethers. Both accidental and intentional ingestion cases have been reported and they can...

    Authors: B. M. D. B. Basnayake, A. W. M. Wazil, N. Nanayakkara, R. M. B. S. S. Mahanama, P. N. S. Premathilake and K. K. M. C. D. K. Galkaduwa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:203

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Oral topical corticosteroid gels are widely used in dental medicine. Case studies of central serous retinopathy have been reported following administration of corticosteroids, but none so far coinciding with t...

    Authors: Preston O’Brien, Ryan C. Young, Shelley Day Ghafoori, C. Armitage Harper and Robert W. Wong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:201

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Secondary hypertension accounts for 5% of all cases of hypertension. Renal artery stenosis is one of the common causes of secondary hypertension. Atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia are the commonest t...

    Authors: Abdala M. Mkangala, Henry A. Mayala, Khamis H. Bakari and Xiang J. Dong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:197

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Methotrexate, an immunosuppressant, is widely used as the standard therapeutic drug for rheumatoid arthritis. With the increasing frequency of use of methotrexate, adverse effects of methotrexate have been rep...

    Authors: Ryohei Ono, Tomohiro Kumagae, Haruki Uojima, Shinichi Teshima, Madoka Kudo, Izumi Kitagawa and Masaki Yoshizawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:196

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  10. Content type: Case report

    An Amyand’s hernia is defined by the presence of a vermiform appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. Most of these cases are not diagnosed preoperatively and the surgical approach is dependent on the type pres...

    Authors: Daisuke Muroya, Shinji Sato, Masayuki Okabe, Yukiya Kishimoto and Keiichiro Tayama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:195

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Chronic urticaria is characterized by recurrent hives, with or without angioedema, persisting for 6 weeks or longer. Although often suspected by patients, in fact specific allergen triggers are infrequent. In ...

    Authors: Irene Yuan, Priya Katari and Marcus Shaker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:193

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Insulinomas are pancreatic endocrine tumors of rare incidence worldwide, the vast majority are of single occurrence and benign. These may not always present with the clear symptoms described in the literature ...

    Authors: Dolores Mejía, Rafael Contreras, Guarina Molina and Michael Alcántara

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:192

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  13. Content type: Case report

    We describe a patient copresenting with epilepsia partialis continua, tuberculosis, and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of this triad.

    Authors: Gashirai K. Mbizvo, Isabel C. Lentell, Clifford Leen, Huw Roddie, Christopher P. Derry, Susan E. Duncan and Kristiina Rannikmäe

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:191

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome are two forms of thrombotic microangiopathies. They are characterized by severe thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolysis, and thrombosis, l...

    Authors: Jose Perez Lara, Yaneidy Santana, Maneesh Gaddam, Asghar Ali, Sandeep Malik and Misbahuddin Khaja

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:190

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Leser–Trélat syndrome, which manifests as eruptive multiple seborrheic keratoses, is a rare paraneoplastic sign. Hyponatremia in the elderly population is an often overlooked but potentially sinister biochemic...

    Authors: Larry Nyanti, Affizal Samsudin and Ing Khieng Tiong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:188

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Radiotherapy has been shown to cause malfunction of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, and there are few studies of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and radiotherapy. We report an unusual case of ...

    Authors: Jeong Won Lee and Ki Ho Seol

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:187

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by an intrinsic insulin deficiency resulting from the severe destruction of pancreatic β cells and it rapidly leads to ketoacidosis. However, the association between ...

    Authors: Takahiro Hayakawa, Yoshio Nakano, Kana Hayakawa, Hiroaki Yoshimatu, Yoshikazu Hori, Kazuki Yamanishi, Hirofumi Yamanishi, Takayuki Ota and Tokuzo Fujimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:186

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Diamond–Blackfan anemia is a rare congenital red blood cell aplasia characterized by failed erythropoiesis, congenital abnormalities in up to 50% of patients, growth retardation in up to 30% of patients, and a...

    Authors: Colin Byron Noel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:185

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Prolactinomas are tumors of the pituitary gland that usually respond very well to treatment with cabergoline. Resistance to cabergoline is very rare, but when it occurs, it is a difficult problem to resolve if...

    Authors: Luiz Augusto Casulari, Lucas Faria de Castro, Iruena Moraes Kessler, José Luiz Mendonça and Maria de Fátima Magalhães Gonzaga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:183

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  20. Content type: Case report

    A 9-year-old Arabic boy attending middle school presented with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation recorded by Holter electrocardiographic monitoring. He had a background history ...

    Authors: Christian Eichhorn, Inga Voges and Piers E. F. Daubeney

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:194

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Development of neurological complications of varicella zoster virus reactivation is relatively uncommon, particularly in an immunocompetent child.

    Authors: Ryu Yasuda, Kisei Minami, Akira Ogawa, Hideshi Okada, Runa Terakawa, Yumi Koike, Shinji Ogura, Kouichi Takeuchi and Tsukasa Higuchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:182

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Giant ovarian cysts are rarely described in the literature, owing to the availability of advanced imaging technologies in developed countries leading to early treatment. In resource-limited settings, various f...

    Authors: Chipo Gwanzura, Annie Fungai Muyotcha, Thulani Magwali, Zvavahera Mike Chirenje and Mugove Gerald Madziyire

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:181

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Sublingual microcirculation monitoring is suitable for bedside use in critically ill patients. We present a case in which severely impaired sublingual microcirculation was the first alarming sign of an early d...

    Authors: Jonas D. Scheuzger, Anna Zehnder, Desirée Yeginsoy and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:179

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Desmoid tumors are intermediary malignant, fibrous lesions occurring in various soft tissues. Surgical treatment is relentlessly challenging because of the propensity for local aggressive behavior and high ris...

    Authors: Nina Louise Jebsen, Torunn Oveland Apelseth, Hans Kristian Haugland, Øystein Rekdal, Hamina Patel, Bjørn Tore Gjertsen and Dag Eirik Jøssang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:177

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Midline cervical cleft is a very rare congenital anomaly. According to a literature search, until 2014 only 205 cases were reported.

    Authors: Mazhar Çelikoyar, Erkan Aktan and Gülen Doğusoy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:176

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Inflammatory bowel disease and schizophrenia spectrum disorders are complex and multifactorial conditions characterized by great variability of age at onset, clinical presentation, and longitudinal course. Sev...

    Authors: Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli, Lucia Margari, Sara Ivagnes, Roberto Palumbi and Francesco Margari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:175

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Nevus of Ota or “oculodermal melanocytosis” is a rare congenital hamartoma of dermal melanocytes causing a blue-gray hyperpigmentation of the eye and surrounding structures. The condition, originally described...

    Authors: Jennifer Maguire and Deborah Holt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:174

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:263

  28. Content type: Case report

    Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease, which was originally described in young women, is a benign condition characterized by necrotizing lymphadenitis and fever. Even though the clinical course is usually self-limiting, it...

    Authors: Sahathevan Vithoosan, Thilini Karunarathna, Ponnudurai Shanjeeban, Paramarajan Piranavan, Thushara Matthias, Dayal Gamlaksha, Ama Liyadipita and Aruna Kulatunga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:173

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Aspergillus terreus, a saprophytic fungus, is recognized as an emerging pathogen in various infections in humans. However, bone and joint involvement is uncommon. To the best of our knowledge, only seven cases of...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Satoshi Kidani, Shunro Okamoto, Yuta Nakamura, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Kenji Kagechika, Satoru Demura, Takuro Ueno, Kengo Shimozaki and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:172

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Vascular complications of acute pancreatitis are common. Splanchnic thrombosis accounts for 11% of these complications, whereas extrasplanchnic thrombosis remains a rare entity. These complications are associa...

    Authors: Youssef Motiaa, Zakaria Ouassou, Houda Moumou and Wafae el Otmani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:171

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  31. Content type: Case report

    While dermatomyositis is often associated with malignancy, several autoimmune diseases like myositis can be caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors. Differentially diagnosing malignancy-associated dermatomyosit...

    Authors: Chikako Shibata, Jun Kato, Nobuo Toda, Makoto Imai, Yukiyo Fukumura, Junya Arai, Ken Kurokawa, Mayuko Kondo, Kaoru Takagi, Kentaro Kojima, Takamasa Ohki, Michiharu Seki, Masanobu Yoshida, Akitake Suzuki and Kazumi Tagawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:168

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  32. Content type: Case report

    The number of contrast media-related procedures is ever increasing due to the widespread availability of theoretically safe, low osmolar iodinated contrast material. Although intravenously administered contras...

    Authors: B. V. K. M. Bopeththa, P. B. Hewavithana, H. L. I. Hewapathirana and U. Ralapanawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:166

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Pleomorphic dermal sarcoma is the cutaneous variant of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. It is a rare malignancy of unclear histogenesis; it is a diagnosis of exclusion that requires extensive use of immun...

    Authors: Mary E. Anderson, Nemanja Rodic, Antonio Subtil, Dawn Queen, Selim Arcasoy, George W. Niedt, Peter W. Heald and Larisa J. Geskin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:169

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, with a mean survival of 6 months, is duly considered among the most fatal neurological disorders. Rapidly progressive dementia with multi-axial involvement of the nervous sy...

    Authors: Durjoy Lahiri, Srimant Pattnaik, Ashwani Bhat, Souvik Dubey, Atanu Biswas and Biman Kanti Roy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:163

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  35. Content type: Case report

    The rheumatoid nodule is the most common extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis. When present, it is readily identified in conventional hematoxylin and eosin sections.

    Authors: Efthimios Sivridis, Maria Kouroupi, Michael Ioannis Koukourakis, Stella Arelaki, Nikolaos Lyratzopoulos and Alexandra Giatromanolaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:159

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