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  1. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative bacteria known for causing opportunistic and nosocomial infections in humans. S. maltophilia is an emerging pathogen of concern due to it’s increasing prevalence, d...

    Authors: Williams Oluwatosin Adefila, Isaac Osie, Modou Lamin Keita, Baleng Mahama Wutor, Abdulsalam Olawale Yusuf, Ilias Hossain, Minteh Molfa, Ousman Barjo, Rasheed Salaudeen and Grant Mackenzie
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:180
  2. Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is classified among the benign ovarian germ cell neoplasms, and its malignant transformation occurs very rarely (in about 2%). As a result of nonspecific signs and symptoms,...

    Authors: Amir Masoud Jafari-Nozad, Najmeh Jahani and Narges Nazeri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:145
  3. Dry needling is an intervention used by physiotherapists to manage muscle spasticity. We report the effects of three sessions of dry needling on ankle plantar flexor muscle spasticity and cortical excitabilit...

    Authors: Haniyeh Choobsaz, Nastaran Ghotbi and Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:125
  4. Primary brain rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare primary brain malignancy with few case reports. The vast majority of cases of primary brain rhabdomyosarcoma occur in pediatric patients, and immunohistochemistry can d...

    Authors: Layal Al Mahmasani, Marwan Najjar, Roula Hourany, Abeer Tabbarah, Sara Sinno, Nathalie Chamseddine, Reine Abou Zeidane, Ghid Amhaz, Bassem Youssef and Hazem I. Assi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:178
  5. Diprosopus, or craniofacial duplication, is a rare entity that occurs in approximately 1 in 180,000 to 15 million live births. The degree of duplication varies from complete facial duplication to small facial ...

    Authors: Fathia Omer Salah, Yohannes Girma Zewdie, Semienew Ambachew, Amal Saleh Nour and Tewodros Endale
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:176
  6. Fractures with delayed healing can be a serious complication, especially for athletes depending on quick return to sports. To our knowledge, no cases of increased healing of delayed union fractures with autolo...

    Authors: Torbjörn Ogéus
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:124
  7. Bladder leiomyomas are rare benign growths in the bladder, comprising less than 0.5% of bladder tumors with only 250 cases reported globally. They are more common in women. This case involves a 70-year-old wom...

    Authors: Fnu Yogeeta, Zubda Malik, Sameer Abdul Rauf, Muskan Devi, Fnu Tooba, Syed Abdan Jamalvi, Marium Rashid and Humaira Erum
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:173
  8. Giant cell tumor of soft tissue is a low malignant uncommon neoplasm, with histologic features and immunophenotype similar to its bone counterpart. Primary giant cell tumor of soft tissue in the thyroid gland ...

    Authors: Jianrong Chen, Haiyong Zhang, Xiufang Li, Mengjun Hu and Xiaomin Dai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:123
  9. Head and neck are a site of numerous pathologies with different aetiologies and presentations. Rare pathologies, although infrequent still do exist. Diagnostic dilemma in maxillofacial pathologies can be the m...

    Authors: Pavithra Sarda, Prashanthi Gurram, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Vivek Narayanan, Saravanan Chandran and Divya Vinayachandran
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:174
  10. This case report is applicable to the field of ophthalmology because there is a paucity of medical literature related to the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of uveal effusion syndrome. This is...

    Authors: Brittany Hodges, Felix Omoruyi and Karen Allison
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:169
  11. Short bowel syndrome (SBS) in adults is defined as having less than 180 to 200 cm of remaining small bowel. Many literature sources do not provide precise epidemiological data, and challenges in estimating the...

    Authors: Saulius Švagždys, Ieva Smolskaitė and Rūta Vindžigalskytė
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:122
  12. Cystadenoma of the salivary glands is a rare benign clinical condition affecting both major and minor salivary glands equally. It constitutes approximately 2% of total neoplasms and 4.2–4.7% of benign formatio...

    Authors: Alberto Caranti, Roberto Spasiano, Renato Piantanida, Salvatore Catalano, Ruggero Campisi, Manuela Bergmann and Matteo Trimarchi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:172
  13. Aeromonas veronii is a very rare and highly pathogenic microorganism. We investigate the clinical characteristics and significance of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Aeromonas veronii in our patient.

    Authors: Jiali Lin, Haibin Zhong, Qi Chen, Ling Cui, Fan Xu and Fen Tang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:171
  14. Interstitial ectopic pregnancy is an ectopic gestation developing in the uterine part of the fallopian tube. The condition is rare and presents challenges for clinical as well as radiological diagnosis. This c...

    Authors: Clovis Achassi Tankeng, Quinta Mua Ekei, Yannick Lechedem Ngunyi, Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Elvis Nkengasong Ajabmoh and Alfred Awa Mokom
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:168
  15. Pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 infection usually presents with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. In this report we present fulminant meningitis as the main presentation of coronavirus disease 2019...

    Authors: Shahla Afsharpayman, Sedigheh Madani, Susan Amirsalari, Nooradin Momeni, Mohammad Torkaman, Fatemeh Beiraghdar, Zohreh Kavehmanesh and Zahra Hosseininezhad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:121
  16. Herbal products and traditional remedies are commonly used by individuals worldwide for the management of common ailments, even though most are not without risks. Acalypha indica is a popular medicinal plant cons...

    Authors: Kusala Maddumabandara, Arun Rajaratnam, Mohamed Ishfak, Nimali Samarakoon, Kithmini Ellepola and Sunil Bowattage
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:163
  17. Sebaceous carcinoma is a very rare malignant skin adnexal tumor that is occasionally aggressive. We have not seen a case of sebaceous carcinoma in our center in the last 10 years. It is extremely rare in Black...

    Authors: Olaejirinde Olaniyi Olaofe, Bolajoko Abidemi Adewara, Chigozie Chidozie Okongwu and Yusuf Olanrewaju Abdullahi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:159
  18. Most of critically ventilated patients with severe hemorrhagic shock experience metabolic acidosis, hypoalbuminemia, electrolyte imbalance, and increased production of free radical. Channa striata has a high cont...

    Authors: Theresia Monica Rahardjo, Aloysius Suryawan, Nadya Rosa Amelia Rumouw, Hizkia Santoso and Amadea Jovita Miko Faustin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:120
  19. Inflammatory bowel diseases, consisting of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic bowel relapsing inflammatory disorders. Inflammatory bowel diseases begin rarely in infants. Approximately 25% of ...

    Authors: Afif Alshwaiki, Ranim M. H. D. Samir Nakhal, Ali Alakbar Nahle, Hussein Hamdar, Nafiza Martini and Jaber Mahmod
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:160
  20. Stent dislodgement is a life-threatening complication that can result in coronary artery embolization, stent thrombosis, acute myocardial infarction, and even death. Severely angulated, heavily calcified, and ...

    Authors: Salim Arous, Hatim Zahidi, Mohamed El Ghali Benouna and Rachida Habbal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:158
  21. In the current treatment landscape for non-small cell lung cancers, epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors have emerged as a well-established treatment option for patients with advanced or...

    Authors: Sara Boukansa, Ismail Mouhrach, Fatima El Agy, Laila Bouguenouch, Mounia Serraj, Bouchra Amara, Yassine Ouadnouni, Mohamed Smahi, Badreeddine Alami, Nawfel Mellas, Zineb Benbrahim and Hinde El Fatemi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:118
  22. This case study reports on a suicide attempt involving indoxacarb and vitamin C. Indoxacarb is a neurotoxic insecticide used in agriculture and as a flea controller in pets. Cotton, vegetables, and fruits are ...

    Authors: Lokesh Koumar Sivanandam, H. Arunkumar, Pranay Marlecha, Varsha Madamanchi, Chanchal Maheshwari, Mohammed Quader Naseer, Vivek Sanker and Tirth Dave
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:157
  23. Bladder lithiasis comprises 5% of urological lithiasis. Large bladder stones associated with vesicovaginal fistulas are rare, and the risk factors are not an isolated process. There are metabolic comorbidities...

    Authors: César Alas-Pineda, Kristhel Gaitán-Zambrano, Génesis Sarahí Chávez Paredes, Gloria Cárcamo-Portillo, Hilda A. Argeñal-Guifarro and Luis Zúñiga-Girón
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:117
  24. Postoperative adjuvant systemic therapy with atezolizumab for lung cancer has been reported to be effective. Although myocarditis is a rare immune adverse event associated with atezolizumab, it can have a seri...

    Authors: Takuya Tokunaga, Masaya Aoki, Koki Maruyama, Yuto Nonaka, Kota Kariatsumari, Koichi Sakasegawa and Kazuhiro Ueda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:162
  25. Synovial sarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, with incidences of 0.81/1,000,000 in children and 1.42/1,000,000 in adults. It is most commonly found in soft tissue and rarely in bone. It often has a slow grow...

    Authors: Farhad Bizhanzadeh, Fateme Heydari, Ronak Rashedi, Mohammadhosein Ramezanirad and Amir Reza Bahadori
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:156
  26. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal-dominant disease characterized by café-au-lait spots and neurofibromas, as well as various other symptoms in the bones, eyes, and nervous system. Due to its connection ...

    Authors: Akihiko Ueda, Kenta Saito, Hiromichi Murase, Tomokatsu Kato, Hiroyuki Imafuji, Mamoru Morimoto, Ryo Ogawa, Hiroki Takahashi, Yoichi Matsuo and Shuji Takiguchi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:104
  27. Ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery disease is a prevalent form of ischemic heart disease. The majority of ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery disease cases are attributed to underlying fac...

    Authors: Bihan Huang, Xueying Han, Peiyi Xie and Shaoyuan Chen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:153
  28. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is the most commonly used modality for the removal of kidney stones larger than 2 cm in size. Like other stone removal methods, percutaneous nephrolithotomy also has some complicat...

    Authors: Alireza Pakdel, Fardin Asgari, Razman Arabzadeh Bahri and Seyed Mohammad Kazem Aghamir
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:101
  29. Myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumor and typically originate in the left atrium. Atrial myxomas may present following complications of obstruction and emboli. If an atrial myxoma goes untreated, c...

    Authors: Ian Lancaster, Tara Hrobowski-Blackman, Deep Patel, Lubna Chatoor, Joshini Simon and Andrew Willinger
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:151
  30. Alveococcosis, helminthiasis caused by the larvae of Alveococcus multilocularis, is characterized by the formation of parasitic nodes in the liver. This clinical case is a rare occurrence of liver alveococcosis i...

    Authors: Saodatkhon Magzumova, Umidjon Isroilov, Nigora Djuraeva, Zarina Khaybullina, Aybek Amirkhamzaev, Nargiza Vakhidova, Khanum Abdukhalimova, Alisher Sultanov and Bekhzod Abdullaev
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:100
  31. Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare presentation often associated with abdominal trauma and anticoagulant therapy. Here, we present a patient with severe rectus sheath hematoma accompanied by nephrotic syndrome w...

    Authors: Ai Fujii, Yuto Matsuda, Tomohisa Yabe, Hayashi Norifumi, Keiji Fujimoto, Masahide Yamazaki, Hitoshi Yokoyama and Kengo Furuichi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:148
  32. Familial calcific band-shaped keratopathy (BSK) is a very rare disease, with no underlying cause. There is no underlying disease in this form of the disease. This article introduces a family with seven childre...

    Authors: Parisa Abdi, Hassan Asadigandomani, Arman Amirkhani, Sara Taghizadeh and Zohreh Nozarian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:98
  33. The transition from revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA) to arthrodesis involves the replacement of cemented femoral and tibial stems with a modular nail designed for arthrodesis. This conversion process is...

    Authors: Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Domenico Alesi, Vito Gaetano Rinaldi, Tosca Cerasoli, Davide Valente and Stefano Zaffagnini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:147
  34. Spinal cord tumors present a challenge in diagnosis and treatment due to their varied histopathological characteristics. While Ewing sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor typically originating from skeletal bone, ...

    Authors: HusamEddin Salama, Lila H. Abu-Hilal, Mayar Idkedek, Abdalwahab Kharousha, Mohand Abulihya and Hafez Nimer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:144
  35. Scapular anatomical neck fractures are among the most infrequent shoulder girdle fractures. Only seven radiologically confirmed cases of scapular anatomical neck fractures have been documented in the literatur...

    Authors: Farzad Amouzadeh Omrani, Mohammad Khak, Reza Tavakoli Darestani, Sina Afzal, Mojtaba Baroutkoub, Mahdi Aghaalikhani and Hasan Barati
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:94
  36. Complex regional pain syndrome type I is a pathological condition characterized by an exaggerated response of tissues to low or moderate pain stimuli. The exact pathogenesis and optimal medical treatment for c...

    Authors: F. Di Sacco, D. Antognetti, G. Ciapini, M. Nicastro, M. Scaglione and V. Bottai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:142
  37. Intermuscular hydatid cyst is one of the rarest types of hydatid cyst, and as far as we know, only nine cases were reported in the literature before this study.

    Authors: Reza Tavakoli Darestani, Gholamhossein Kazemian, Sina Afzal, Mojtaba Baroutkoub, Mahdi Aghaalikhani and Farzad Amouzadeh Omrani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:141
  38. Orbital ischemic syndrome is a rare entity. The clinical signs typically demonstrate acute loss of visual acuity, chemosis, proptosis, ptosis, and total ophthalmoparesis. We report a case of a man who suffered...

    Authors: Binh Q. Tran, Lanh C. Nguyen, Tinh T. Trinh, An T. T. Vo, Minh V. Do, Minh Q. Tran, Khanh C. Tran, Loan H. T. Tran and Duc T. Ha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:92
  39. Every year 2% of pregnant women undergo nonobstetric surgical interventions worldwide. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Obstetric Practice, pregnant women shoul...

    Authors: Camilla Munafo’, Antonella Loperfido, Fulvio Mammarella, Arianna Crosti, Federico Iannilli, Francesca Romana Millarelli, Gianluca Bellocchi and Luigi Tritapepe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:143
  40. Gastrosplenic fistula is a rare and potentially fatal complication of various conditions. Lymphoma is the most common cause. It can occur spontaneously or after chemotherapy. Gastrosplenic fistula diagnosis ca...

    Authors: Feryel Letaief Ksontini, Yosra Zaimi, Isaad Nefzi, Salim Khrouf, Myriam Ayari, Sonia Sghaier, Asma Zidi, Houcine Magherbi and Mouna Ayadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:136
  41. In patients with conjoined nerve roots, hemilaminectomy with sufficient exposure of the intervertebral foramen or lateral recess is required to prevent destabilization and ensure correct mobility of the lumbos...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Hiroyuki Inatani, Kazu Toyooka, Akari Mori, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Yasuji Ryu, Aki Nakanami, Tetsutaro Yahata and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:91
  42. Klippel–Feil syndrome is a rare congenital bone disorder characterized by an abnormal fusion of two or more cervical spine vertebrae. Individuals with Klippel–Feil syndrome exhibit diverse clinical manifestati...

    Authors: Zeeshan Ullah, Ayesha Zafar, Hira Ishaq, Zainab Umar, Amir Khan, Yaseen Badar, Nizamud Din, Muhammad Fawad Khan, Pamela McCombe and Nemat Khan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:137
  43. Fecal impaction is a digestive system disease, that is most common in the elderly population and becomes more prevalent with increasing age. Manual removal can successfully remove the impaction in 80% of fecal...

    Authors: Qin Huang, Fan Zheng, Hongxia Wang, Yong Yang, Chun Ma and Likun Zhu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:89

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