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  1. Pneumothorax (PTX) and pneumomediastinum (PM) have been reported as potential complications in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, their risk factors and etiology remain unknown. Herein...

    Authors: Yohei Ide, Nao Urushibata, Wataru Takayama, Kenichi Hondo, Junichi Aiboshi and Yasuhiro Otomo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2024 18:7
  2. The incidence of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula is 1 out of 3000–5000 live births. Its incidence in lower middle income countries is not known. The infants usually present with excessive se...

    Authors: Naomi A. Mwamanenge, Haika K. Mariki, Lucy L. Mpayo, Ernestina E. Mwipopo, Fatima Mussa, Masawa K. Nyamuryekung’e, Yahaya Binde, Said Kiangi, Zaituni Bokhary, Martha Mkony, Yaser Abdallah and Karim Manji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:540
  3. Considering that right paraduodenal hernia is a rare internal hernia with abnormal anatomy and is often encountered during an emergency, surgeons may lack knowledge about it and choose incorrect treatment. Thu...

    Authors: Xiao-Long Wang, Gui-Xiu Jin, Jian-Feng Xu, Zhi-Rong Chen, Li-Meng Wu and Zhi-Long Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:536
  4. Spatiotemporal characteristics from human locomotion can provide effective clinical metrics to assess motor control and brain function. This case report aims to assess the temporal structure of variability in ...

    Authors: Carolina A. Cabo, Orlando Fernandes, Sara Santos and Jose A. Parraca
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:535
  5. Renal–adrenal fusion is a rare entity resulting from incomplete encapsulation of the adrenal gland and kidney. Only 18 cases have been reported in English literature to date.

    Authors: Samuel R. Wang, Richard Morris, Suad Taraif and Amandeep Aneja
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:533
  6. Congenital ectopia lentis is characterized by dislocation of the lens caused by partial or complete abnormalities in the zonular fibers. It can be caused by either systemic diseases or isolated ocular diseases...

    Authors: Hengguang Wei, Xuyun Meng, Huali Qin and Xia Li
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:532
  7. Prader–Willi syndrome is a complex multisystem disorder due to the absent expression of paternally active genes in the Prader–Willi syndrome-critical region on chromosome 15 (15q11.2-q13). The main clinical fe...

    Authors: Kibret Enyew Belay, Beza Leulseged Ayalew, Melaku Taye Amogne, Theodros Aberra Alemneh and Tedla Kebede Geletew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:530
  8. The treatment resistance is a problem for lung cancer. In this study, we used a vitro tissue culturing system to select a new therapy strategy for a patient with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) resistance.

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Xiaoyuan Wu, Ping He, Jieyu Wu, Xia Gu, Matyas Bendek, Rita Ötvös and Laszlo Szekely
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:529
  9. Klippel–Feil syndrome is a rare condition described in 1912 by Maurice Klippel and André Feil. It is defined as a congenital cervical fusion of at least two vertebrae, associated with a classical triad of clin...

    Authors: Michele Da Broi, Aria Nouri, Gildas Patet, Luca Paun, Andrea Bartoli, Granit Molliqaj, Karl Schaller and Enrico Tessitore
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:528
  10. Methotrexate induces lymphoproliferative disorders on rare occasions; however, its pathogenesis remains unknown. A clinical diagnosis based on imaging studies alone is often difficult.

    Authors: Yoshi Miyamoto, Chihiro Kawasoe, Kaoru Ito, Nobuyuki Oguri, Takaya Murashima, Toyoharu Kamibeppu, Takahiro Nagai, Hiroki Takamori, Toshio Kamimura, Shoichiro Mukai, Yuichiro Sato and Toshiyuki Kamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:524
  11. We report a case of a clinical challenge lasting for 12 months, with severe and unresolved clinical features involving several medical disciplines.

    Authors: Ole Christian Mjølstad, Maria Radtke, Eylert Brodtkorb, Frode Edvardsen, Wenche Rødseth Brede, Trond Oskar Aamo, Dag Jacobsen, Mathis Korseberg Stokke and Arne Helland
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:554
  12. Acute cardiac tamponade is a rare event during any type of interventional or surgical procedure. It can occur during electrophysiology procedures due to radiofrequency ablation, lead or catheter manipulation, ...

    Authors: Roger L. Royster, Scott R. Coleman, Eduardo J. Goenaga-Díaz, Karl M. Richardson and S. Patrick Whalen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:523
  13. Iatrogenic portal vein (PV) injuries following pleural drainage catheter (PDC) insertion are rare but life-threatening. This case report emphasizes the importance of prompt recognition and effective interventi...

    Authors: Sohaib Zoghoul, Israa Al‑Hashimi, Qayed Aldebyani, Rahil Kassamali, Ahmed Omar and Ali Barah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:552
  14. Papillary thyroid carcinoma accounts for the most common type of thyroid cancer of well-differentiated type. Papillary thyroid carcinoma is featured by biologically low-grade and less aggressive tumors with a ...

    Authors: Mohammed Ali Abutalib, Anwar Shams, Shadi Tamur, Eman A. Khalifa, Ghaliah Obaid Alnefaie and Yousef M. Hawsawi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:521
  15. Ovarian cancer is metastatic at presentation in about 62% of cases, but brain metastases are rare, reported in 3.3–4% of patients. Brain metastasis seems to be more frequent in advanced stages at diagnosis and...

    Authors: Eleonora Cabitza, Marta Pirola, Cinzia Baldessari, Giuditta Bernardelli, Elena Zunarelli, Stefania Pipitone, Maria Giuseppa Vitale, Cecilia Nasso, Eleonora Molinaro, Marco Oltrecolli, Elisa D’Agostino, Vincenzo Dario Mandato, Andrea Palicelli, Massimo Dominici and Roberto Sabbatini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:553
  16. Aspergillus spp. are among the fungal pathogens that can cause life-threatening infections in patients with a history of COVID-19.

    Authors: Zeynab Yassin, Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Mohsen Taghavi Shavazi, Mahsa Fattahi, Koohyar Ahmadzadeh, Armita Farid, Yeganeh Karimi, Farnoosh Seirafianpour, Pegah Babaheidarian and Azadeh Goodarzi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:519
  17. Patients with traumatic brain injury often develop sequelae such as eye movement disorders, including diplopia. Eye movement training is effective in diplopia management. However, few longitudinal follow-up st...

    Authors: Kaneharu Nakamura, Takeshi Fuchigami and Shu Morioka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:551
  18. The changes in body image caused by breast deformities and postoperative pain have a detrimental influence on the physical and mental health of patients with breast cancer. The postoperative quality of life (Q...

    Authors: Mioka Inagaki, Eriko Otsuka, Yuko Hayashi, Masahiro Ohsawa and Eiichi Hirano
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:518
  19. Few studies have documented the occurrence of melanoma in the cervical spine. Of all malignant melanoma cases, 1% are primary melanoma of the central nervous system, which makes it extremely uncommon and nonsp...

    Authors: Larrey Kasereka Kamabu, Louange Maha Kataka, Bives Mutume Nzanzu Vivalya, Franck Katembo Sikakulya, Hervé Monka Lekuya and Moses Galukande
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:548
  20. Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma is an aggressive sarcoma subtype with poor prognosis and limited response to conventional chemotherapy regimens. Diagnosis can be difficult owing to its variable presentatio...

    Authors: Alexander T. Phan, Henrik Ghantarchyan, Chayanne Khosravi, Bahareh Maknouni, Ankur Bhagat, Jeff Chen, Ahmad Ibrahim and Mufadda Hasan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:517
  21. Chronic edema as a complication of systemic diseases or infections can mimic filarial lymphedema (also known as elephantiasis) and considered so. We describe a case of chronic lymphedema that mimicked elephant...

    Authors: Puneet Bramania, Emmaeli Moshi, Andrew Foi and Grace Shayo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:547
  22. Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma, also named Sternberg tumor, is a rare variant of uterine leiomyoma. The tumor is benign, but the appearance and growth pattern are unusual and alarming. In this article, we r...

    Authors: Mahboobeh Chahkandi, Marzieh Ataei, Amir Reza Bina, Farnaz Mozayani and Ali Fanoodi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:516
  23. Advances in the treatment of biliary tract cancer have been made possible through gains in genomic and epigenetic tumor understanding. The use of fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitor has enabled signifi...

    Authors: Andreas Edwin Juarso, Stefanie Entz and Florian Weissinger
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:550
  24. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is considered the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract. The majority of gastrointestinal stromal tumor cases are located in the stomach and usually affe...

    Authors: Maryam Abdullah Al Saleem, Nida Mirzaman Khan and Tarek Mohammad ElSharkawy
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:546
  25. Pseudobulbar affect, or emotional dysregulation, commonly occurs following stroke. However, it is frequently missed in cases involving the cerebellum, resulting in a lack of treatment, which can directly impac...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Long, Michèle DuVal, Bridget Mulvany-Robbins, Amanda N. Wagner and Glen C. Jickling
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:544
  26. The rapid development of coronavirus disease 2019 vaccines during the pandemic has left their long-term effects largely unknown. Instances of autoimmune and subacute thyroiditis showing features of autoimmune/...

    Authors: J. Sachin, Ravindra Shukla, Abhishek Anil, Aswini Saravanan, Sanjay Santhyavu, Shoban Babu Varthya, Sneha Ambwani and Surjit Singh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:542
  27. Accessory splenic tissue is a commonly encountered phenomenon in medical literature. Typically, these accessory spleens are found in close proximity to the main spleen, either in the hilum or within the surrou...

    Authors: Ahmed Oshiba, Dina Abdallah, Marwa Abdelaziz, Amir Ibrahim, Mostafa Kotb, Samar Eshiba and Maryam Rizvi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:515
  28. Peritoneal cystic echinococcosis happens usually after traumatic rupture or after surgical treatment. Primary peritoneal cystic echinococcosis is a very rare case that constitutes a diagnostic and therapeutic ...

    Authors: Nizar Kardoun, Sami Fendri, Haitham Rejab, Mejdoub Youssef, Ahmed Tlili, Meriam Triki, Nozha Toumi, Ayman Trigui and Salah Boujelbene
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:541
  29. Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 2–3% of all malignant cancers in adults and is characterized by the potential development of venous tumor thrombus.

    Authors: Giovanni Battista Filomena, Filippo Marino, Eros Scarciglia, Pierluigi Russo, Fabrizio Fantasia, Riccardo Bientinesi, Mauro Ragonese, Nazario Foschi, Gaetano Gulino, Emilio Sacco and Marco Racioppi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:543
  30. In this case report, we demonstrate our technique of a retroperitoneal laparoscopic heminephrectomy for a T1b right hilar tumor in a horseshoe kidney.

    Authors: Xuan Thai Ngo, Adnan El-Achkar, Ryan W. Dobbs, Ho Yee Tiong, Quy Thuan Chau, Trong Tri Tran, Le Quy Van Dinh, Marwan Zein, Nho Tinh Le, Ho Trong Tan Truong, Tan Sang Tran, Minh Sam Thai and Tuan Thanh Nguyen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:512
  31. Castleman disease, also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia or angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, is a highly heterogeneous clinicopathological entity that belongs to the family lymphoproliferative diso...

    Authors: Qingyuan Zhu and Shuiyou Wang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:539
  32. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common childhood cancer, with an 80% frequency in children between 1 and 10 years old. The outcome and prognosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children depends on ...

    Authors: Chaimae El Mahdaoui, Nezha Hda, Bouchra Oukkache, Hind Dehbi, Nisrine Khoubila, Abdellah Madani and Siham Cherkaoui
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:537
  33. Plasmodium ovale malaria, which was previously endemic to tropical Africa and the Southwest Pacific islands is now being reported from parts of Asia. In Sri Lanka, the indigenous transmission of malaria has not b...

    Authors: Damsara Kularatne, Pubudu Chulasiri, Arinda Dharmapala and Senanayake Kularatne
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:509
  34. Schwannomas are solitary well-circumscribed encapsulated benign tumors that exhibit Schwann cell differentiation, and arise directly from myelinated peripheral or central nerves. Although they are usually asym...

    Authors: Manzar Abbas, Asad Saulat Fatimi, Syed Imad Hassan, Faiqa Binte Aamir, Sidra Arshad and Saulat Hasnain Fatimi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:538
  35. Severe ankylosing spondylitis (AS) frequently involves hip joints and, occasionally, presents with concurrent spinal deformities, such as kyphoscoliosis, creating complex challenges for surgical management.

    Authors: Shahabaldin Beheshti Fard, Sina Afzal, Mohammadreza Barzegar and Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:508
  36. Liposuction is the most commonly performed procedure in aesthetic plastic surgery worldwide, the complications and morbidity are under evaluated. Pneumothorax is thought to be a rare complication after liposuc...

    Authors: Abdulelah Alwadai, Mustafa Gaber, Alwaleed Khalid Alammar, Abdullah M. Alsaedan and Jamal Eldaib
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:534
  37. Thalassemia is a type of congenital hemoglobinopathy that falls into the category of hemolytic anemias. Extramedullary hematopoiesis is a complication of this disease, which is a mechanism to compensate for ch...

    Authors: Ali Hossein Samadi Takaldani, Nima Javanshir, Helia Honardoost and Mohammad Negaresh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:503
  38. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the breast is a rare special type of salivary gland-like tumor of the breast, usually displaying triple-negative phenotype. To date, only 64 cases have been reported in the English ...

    Authors: Mario Della Mura, Céline Clement, Maria P. Foschini, Sara Vander Borght, Lise Waumans, Peter Van Eyken, Esther Hauben, Machteld Keupers, Caroline Weltens, Ann Smeets, Ines Nevelsteen and Giuseppe Floris
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:527
  39. Radial head arthroplasty is a viable option in cases with terrible triad injuries of elbow, wherein the radial head sustains significant comminution that precludes reconstruction. Nevertheless, this alternativ...

    Authors: Hasan Barati, Mojtaba Baroutkoub, Nikaein Zabeti Targhi, Shahabaldin Beheshti Fard, Bardia Hajikarimloo and Sina Afzal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:505
  40. Cancer antigen 15-3 is a protein that clinicians commonly measure to monitor outcomes and response to treatment in patients with breast cancer. However, cancer antigen 15-3 can also be elevated in other, benig...

    Authors: Samuel G. Cockey, Hongzhi Xu and Mohammed Al-Jumayli
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:526
  41. Tarlov’s cyst is often underdiagnosed since it is difficult to identify without imaging assistance. Herein, we report the case of a young girl who presented with an 8-year history of chronic osteomyelitis of b...

    Authors: Ya-Ning Huang, I-Wei Chang, Sung-Tse Li and Wei-Te Lei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:525
  42. Otis urethrotomy can sometimes lead to troublesome bleeding after seemingly uneventful procedures. This case report highlights one such case which went unnoticed initially; the bleeding was erroneously ascribe...

    Authors: Uttam Kumar Mete and Rohit Sanjay Deshpande
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:522
  43. Factor XII deficiency can be related to either homozygous or compound heterozygous pathogenic variants in the F12 gene. The disease is commonly known as Hageman trait and is inherited in both autosomal recessi...

    Authors: Mansour Aljabry, Aljoud Algazlan, Nouf Alsubaie, Shatha Bin Dher, Hassan Semar Aljabri and Ghazi S. Alotaibi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:504
  44. Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis infections usually cause self-limited gastrointestinal diseases. Extra-abdominal infections are often secondary to bacteremia in immunocompromised individuals and are rel...

    Authors: Nassim R. Mokraoui, Rose Ganim and Armando Paez
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:502
  45. Splenic cysts are quite rare and asymptomatic. They may result from infection by a parasite, especially Echinococcus granulosus (hydatid cyst), or from non-parasitic causes. Since primary splenic cysts are not co...

    Authors: Fereshteh Karbasian, Maryam Ataollahi, Amirali Mashhadiagha, Seyed Ali Moosavi, Mehdi Forooghi, Narges Ansary, Hamed Hosseinian and Bita Geramizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:501

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