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  1. Williams syndrome is rare genetic disorder resulting in neurodevelopmental problems. Hernias of the foramen of Morgagni are rare diaphragmatic hernias and they mostly present on the right side, in the anterior...

    Authors: Farhan Rashid, Ramakrishna Chaparala, Javed Ahmed and Syed Y Iftikhar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7
  2. Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the third most common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma subtype. Clinical presentation is often insidious as a low-grade lesion and disease tends to remain localised f...

    Authors: Rowland Storey, Marcel Gatt and Ian Bradford
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6
  3. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute demyelinating disorder of the peripheral nervous system that results from an aberrant immune response directed at peripheral nerves. Autonomic abnormalities in Guillain-Barr...

    Authors: Mehul B Patel, Sandeep K Goyal, Sujeeth R Punnam, Khyati Pandya, Vipin Khetarpal and Ranjan K Thakur
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:5
  4. A case of Lactococcus lactis cremoris causing cholangitis is described. This Gram-positive organism is not routinely considered to be pathogenic in immunocompetent individuals. To our knowledge, this is the thirt...

    Authors: Jane Davies, Michael David Burkitt and Alastair Watson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:3
  5. Isolated cases of epicarditis are rare. Thus far, all have occurred with constrictive physiology as most cases involve both parietal and visceral pericardium. We report the first case of asymptomatic epicardit...

    Authors: Asa M Margolis, Andrew B Emmerman, Mario Rascon and Saima I Chaudhry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:2
  6. Risk of tendon rupture, especially of the Achilles tendon, is one of the many potential side-effects of fluoroquinolone therapy. Achilles tendon rupture may be painful, debilitating or, as seen in our patient,...

    Authors: Andrew W Gottschalk and John W Bachman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:1
  7. Double-steal syndrome represents a causative factor for blood flow compromise of the cerebral vascular bed with transient neurologic symptoms. We present the case of a patient with innominate artery atheroscle...

    Authors: Konstantinos Filis, Levon Toufektzian, Frangiska Sigala, Dimitrios Kardoulas, Aikaterini Kotzadimitriou, Emmanuel Lagoudianakis, Nikolaos Koronakis and Andreas Manouras
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:392
  8. The granulocyte-colony stimulating factor-producing tumor was first reported in 1977, however, anaplastic pleomorphic type carcinoma of the pancreas producing granulocyte-colony stimulating factor is still rare.

    Authors: Atsushi Nakajima, Hirokazu Takahashi, Masahiko Inamori, Yasunobu Abe, Noritoshi Kobayashi, Kensuke Kubota and Shoji Yamanaka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:391
  9. A heterotopic pregnancy is defined as the presence of a combined intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy. Its estimated incidence is accepted as between 1/7000 and 1/30,000 pregnancies. It is also reported to be as...

    Authors: Abbas Honarbakhsh, Elham Khoori and Simin Mousavi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:390
  10. An "overlap syndrome" is defined as the sequential appearance over time of two or more risk factors for glaucomatous damage. The appearance of a new risk factor can alter the course and prognosis of previously...

    Authors: Verônica C Lima, Tiago S Prata, Jeffrey M Liebmann and Robert Ritch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:389
  11. Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare disease resembling a mesenteric tumour. We present here a case of sclerosing mesenteritis that affected both the large and the small intestine of the patient. Therapeutic and ...

    Authors: Savvas Hiridis, Renos Hadgigeorgiou, Dimitrios Karakitsos and Andreas Karabinis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:388
  12. Herpes simplex encephalitis is a potentially lethal infection that should be recognised as soon as possible. The combination of clinical history and examination, brain computed tomography or magnetic resonance...

    Authors: Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas and Andrew M. L. Lever
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:387
  13. There are increasing reports of bowel cancer in cystic fibrosis, suggesting a possible causal link. Individuals with cystic fibrosis who have advanced lung disease present a high operative risk, limiting curat...

    Authors: Andrea N. Lees and David W. Reid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:384
  14. Achalasia cardia is characterized by failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax in response to swallowing and by an absence of peristalsis in the esophageal body. Absence of a gastric air bubble is a w...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan, S Jeevan Kumar and P Ratnakar Kini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:383
  15. Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neoplasms composed of mature adipocytes, usually surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. They are uncommon intra-oral tumors with 1% to 4% occurring in this region. The literature ...

    Authors: Adeyi A Adoga, Tonga L Nimkur, Agabus N Manasseh and Godwin O Echejoh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:382
  16. Nerve damage in leprosy patients leads to deformities and disabilities. Oral corticosteroids are given early to prevent permanent injury. We present a new approach to treat well-established nerve damage with l...

    Authors: Sherine G Nashed, Tarek A Rageh, Emad S Attallah-Wasif and Alaa A Abd-Elsayed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:381
  17. Acute renal failure in multiple myeloma is most frequently caused by cast nephropathy, when excess monoclonal free light chains co-precipitate with Tamm-Horsfall protein in the distal nephron, causing tubular ...

    Authors: Kolitha Basnayake, Colin Hutchison, Dia Kamel, Michael Sheaff, Neil Ashman, Mark Cook, Heather Oakervee, Arthur Bradwell and Paul Cockwell
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:380
  18. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has increasingly been reported in the medical literature in recent years. Much is still unknown regarding risk factors and clinical relationships. We contribute this case report to the...

    Authors: Tara C Gangadhar, Elisabeth Von der Lohe, Stephen G Sawada and Paul R Helft
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:379
  19. Penetrating injuries of the hand with various sharp objects have previously been reported. In this report we describe an unusual penetrating injury of the hand caused by a door handle.

    Authors: Kiran Singisetti, Michail Kokkinakis and Nanjappa Shankar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:377
  20. Scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign entity defined as the presence of multiple calcified nodules within the scrotal skin. There are controversies about the origin of this entity. In fact, it is still debatable...

    Authors: Alper Parlakgumus, Emine T Canpolat, Kenan Calıskan, Tamer Colakoglu, Sedat Yıldırım, Ali Ezer and Turgut Noyan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:375
  21. Lemierre's syndrome is septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein leading to metastatic septic complications following an oropharyngeal infection. It is usually caused by the anaerobe, Fusobacterium nec...

    Authors: Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Paramasivan Piramanayagam, Amit Banga, Rajiva Gupta and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:374
  22. Cystic fibrosis afflicted lungs support the growth of many bacteria rarely implicated in other cases of human infections.

    Authors: Magalie Menuet, Fadi Bittar, Nathalie Stremler, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Jacques Sarles, Didier Raoult and Jean-Marc Rolain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:373
  23. Malignant ascites is often a sign of a terminal stage in several malignant diseases. To control ascites, drainage and intra-abdominal chemotherapy are often used in those patients but eradication of ascites is...

    Authors: Hideki Kimura, Toshihiko Iizasa, Aki Ishikawa, Mitsuru Yoshino, Masato Shingyouji, Masaki Kimura, Tetushi Hirata, Akiko Odaka and Keiko Matsubayasi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:372
  24. Acute patellar dislocation is a relatively common problem. The most common dislocation is laterally in the coronal plane. Sometimes spontaneous reduction occurs, but if not, closed reduction can easily be done...

    Authors: Frederick Michels, Nicole Pouliart and Dirk Oosterlinck
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:371
  25. Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection is associated with a range of neurological conditions. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare presentation; acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is the common...

    Authors: Derek J Sloan, Andrew Nicolson, Alastair RO Miller, Nick J Beeching and Mike BJ Beadsworth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:370
  26. Capnocytophaga are a genus of bacteria that have been found to be the causative organisms in a range of infections, including serious conditions such as bacteraemia, endocarditis and meningitis. This has been es...

    Authors: Jonathan M Mills, Emma Lofthouse, Phil Roberts and Johannis A Karas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:369
  27. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is an immune-mediated syndrome that typically has a rapidly progressive course that can result in pancytopenia, coagulopathy, multi-system organ failure and death.

    Authors: Kathryn Chan, Eric Behling, David S Strayer, William S Kocher and Scott K Dessain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:367
  28. Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare pathology of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in the mesentery. Its protean clinical and radiological manifestations make it a diagnostic challenge....

    Authors: Abdul M Zafar, Muhamad A Rauf, Tabish Chawla and Gule Khanda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:365
  29. Lung cancer is currently one of the most common malignancies in the world. Early detection is an important prognostic factor. Unfortunately, initial symptoms may be vague and a substantial proportion of cases ...

    Authors: Matthew A Embley, Rebecca B Goody and Mahmood Mughrabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:364
  30. Hydrocoele is a condition frequently encountered in adult urological practice. It is usually of benign aetiology and often diagnosed on clinical grounds. Surgical repair, if indicated, is generally straightfor...

    Authors: George Yardy, Akkib Rafique, Iain Sellers, Lawrence Berman and Nigel Bullock
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:363
  31. Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) is known to be caused by high-dose corticosteroid therapy, alcoholism and rarely by infections. However, a tubercular etiology of this condition is very rare. A review of the...

    Authors: Renu Agarwal, Ruchika Gupta, Sompal Singh, Kusum Gupta and Madhur Kudesia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:361
  32. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare condition that requires treatment by whole-lung lavage. We report a case of severe pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and discuss a safe and effective strategy for the anae...

    Authors: Stephen T Webb, Adrian JR Evans, A James Varley and Andrew A Klein
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:360
  33. Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The resulting large cysts in the lung are a special clinical entity called giant hydatid cysts.

    Authors: Nagi Homesh Ghallab and Ali Ali Alsabahi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:359
  34. Case reports are important instruments to describe rare disease conditions and give a rough estimation of their global incidence. Even though collected in international databases, most case reports are publish...

    Authors: Martin W Dünser, Otgon Bataar, Albert H Rusher, Walter R Hasibeder and Ganbat Tsenddorj
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:358
  35. Herpes simplex infection is most commonly a benign, self-limiting disease with mucocutaneous lesions and mild viremia. Immunosuppressed patients are at a higher risk of disseminated infection, as are neonates ...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan and Lindsey Harle
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:356
  36. Monosomy 1p36 is one of the most common terminal deletion syndromes, with an approximate incidence of 1 in every 5000 live births. This syndrome is associated with several pronounced clinical features includin...

    Authors: Gregory J. Fitzgibbon, Jill Clayton-Smith, Siddharth Banka, Susan J. Hamilton, Margaret M. Needham, Jonathan K. Dore, Jake T. Miller, Gareth D. Pawson and Lorraine Gaunt
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:355
  37. Predictive genetic screening and regular screening programs in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 are intended to detect and treat malignant tumors at the earliest stage possible. Malignant neur...

    Authors: Jens Waldmann, Nils Habbe, Volker Fendrich, Emily P. Slater, Peter H. Kann, Matthias Rothmund and Peter Langer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:354
  38. Diabetic hemichorea-hemiballismus is a rare complication of type 2 diabetes. Here, we report a case with type 1 diabetes, with hemichorea and bilateral dystonia manifested as hyperglycemia-induced involuntary ...

    Authors: Akihiro Yasuhara, Jun Wada and Hirofumi Makino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:352

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