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  1. Autoimmune hepatitis is a necroinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of circulating antibodies, hypergammaglobulinemia, and response to immunosuppression. It has the histologi...

    Authors: Aitziber Etxagibel, M. Rosa Julià, Alvaro Brotons, M. Margarita Company and Carlos Dolz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:25
  2. Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric vessel or muscle tear. It could ...

    Authors: Selin Kapan, Ahmet N. Turhan, Halil Alis, Mustafa U. Kalayci, Sinan Hatipoglu, Hakan Yigitbas and Ersan Aygun
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:22
  3. Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare disorder and information on this disease is limited, especially with regard to its management and prognosis. It has become gener...

    Authors: Arne Warth, Esther Herpel, Astrid Schmähl, Konstantina Storz and Philipp A. Schnabel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:21
  4. A retained surgical sponge in the abdomen is uncommon although it is likely that this finding is underreported in the medical literature. The intravisceral migration of retained surgical gauze is even rarer, a...

    Authors: Nello Grassi, Calogero Cipolla, Adriana Torcivia, Alessandro Bottino, Eugenio Fiorentino, Leonardo Ficano and Gianni Pantuso
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:17
  5. Gastrointestinal tract small cell carcinoma is an infrequent and aggressive neoplasm that represents 0.1–1% of gastrointestinal malignancies. Very few cases of small cell esophageal carcinoma arising in Barret...

    Authors: Haridimos Markogiannakis, Dimitrios Theodorou, Konstantinos G Toutouzas, Andreas Larentzakis, Michael Pattas, Angeliki Bousiotou, Pavlos Papacostas, Konstantinos Filis and Stilianos Katsaragakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:15
  6. Intussusception of the appendix is an extremely rare condition that ranges from partial invagination of the appendix to involvement of the entire colon. Endometriosis is an exceptionally rare cause of appendic...

    Authors: Samia Ijaz, Surjit Lidder, Waria Mohamid, Martyn Carter and Hilary Thompson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:12
  7. Fertility is markedly reduced in patients with chronic renal failure. For women with pre-existing renal disease, pregnancy is associated with an increased rate of fetal complications and a considerable risk of...

    Authors: Khalid A Al-Saran and Alaa A Sabry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:10
  8. Obstruction of the third part of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) can occur following surgical correction of scoliosis. The condition most commonly occurs in significantly underweight patie...

    Authors: Athanasios I Tsirikos, Raymond E Anakwe and Alexander DL Baker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:9
  9. Spontaneous retropharyngeal haematoma is an unusual condition. It has multiple aetiological factors and can present to a number of specialists including the otolaryngologist.

    Authors: Arvind Singh, Enyi Ofo and Vincent Cumberworth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:8
  10. Sudden onset peri- or post-coital cardiovascular disease is well documented in the literature including myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolus and subarachnoid haemorrhage. The occurrence of aortic dissectio...

    Authors: Gareth Morris-Stiff, Mari Coxon, Elizabeth Ball and Michael H Lewis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:6
  11. The ilio-inguinal approach has come to be used routinely in the management of acetabular fractures involving the anterior wall. Thrombotic complications following surgery via this route are a serious, but rare...

    Authors: Kajetan Klos, Ivan Marintschev, Joachim Böttcher, Gunther O Hofmann and Thomas Mückley
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:4
  12. Chylous ascites may result from diverse pathologies. Ascites results either due to blockage of the lymphatics or leak secondary to inadvertent trauma during surgery.

    Authors: Shahzad S Shah, Kamran Ahmed, Richard Smith, Ravi Mallina, Pouya Akhbari and Mohammad S Khan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:3
  13. Fetus in fetu is a rare abnormality secondary to the abnormal embryogenesis in a diamniotic, monochorionic pregnancy. It is a rare pathological condition and fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the lite...

    Authors: Nisreen M Khalifa, Doaa W Maximous and Alaa A Abd-Elsayed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:2
  14. Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) can involve the heart and cause severe heart failure. Cardiac involvement is usually described in the advanced stages of the disease. We report the case of a woman in whom...

    Authors: Fabio Fabbian, Nevio Stabellini, Sergio Sartori, Paola Tombesi, Arrigo Aleotti, Maurizio Bergami, Simona Uggeri, Adriana Galdi, Christian Molino and Luigi Catizone
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:187
  15. Identifying marathon runners at risk of neurological deterioration at the end of the race (within a large cohort complaining of exhaustion, dehydration, nausea, headache, dizziness, etc.) is challenging. Here ...

    Authors: Axel Petzold, Geoffrey Keir and Ian Appleby
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:186
  16. Internal jugular vein thrombosis (IJVT) is a rare but potentially fatal condition. It usually arises following trauma to the internal jugular vein but is also seen in association with coagulopathies and advanc...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ball, Gareth Morris-Stiff, Mari Coxon and Michael H Lewis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:184
  17. Steroid cell tumors of the ovary account for less than 0.1% of all ovarian tumors [1] and these tumours may present at any age in association with interesting presentations related to the hormonal activity and vi...

    Authors: Altaf Gauhar Haji, Shekhar Sharma, Manoj Babu, DK Vijaykumar and K Chitrathara
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:182
  18. Insulinoma is a rare pancreatic endocrine tumour and is typically sporadic and solitary. Over 90% of all insulinomas are benign. Cystic insulinomas are also rare. It is not difficult to determine the site of s...

    Authors: Mirjana Sumarac-Dumanovic, Dragan Micic, Miodrag Krstic, Maja Georgiev, Aleksandar Diklic, Svetislav Tatic, Danica Stamenkovic-Pejkovic, Aleksandra Kendereski, Goran Cvijovic and Aleksandra Pavlovic
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:181
  19. Rupture of the diaphragm is almost always due to major trauma. Diaphragmatic injuries are rare (5–7%), usually secondary to blunt, or more rarely to penetrating, thoracic or abdominal trauma. No single investi...

    Authors: Konstantinos Stamatiou, Georgios Ilias, Christos Chlopsios, Vasilissa Karanasiou, Nikolaos Kavouras, Fred Lebrun, John Heretis and Frank Sofras
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:178
  20. Possible ischaemic chest pain presentations are exceedingly common. Angiographic triage of clinical, electrocardiographic or biomarker positive presentations is increasingly feasible with the expansion of card...

    Authors: Robert J MacFadyen, Chetan Varma and Robert H Anderson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:177
  21. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder consisting of a triad of albinism, increased bleeding tendency secondary to platelet dysfunction, and systemic complications ass...

    Authors: George Kouklakis, Eleni I Efremidou, Michael S Papageorgiou, Evdoxia Pavlidou, Konstantinos J Manolas and Nikolaos Liratzopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:176
  22. Fractures of the neck of the femoral component have been reported in uncemented total hip replacements, however, to our knowledge, no fractures of the neck of a cementless forged titanium alloy femoral stem co...

    Authors: Theodoros B Grivas, Olga D Savvidou, Spyridon A Psarakis, Pierre-Francois Bernard, George Triantafyllopoulos, Ioannis Kovanis and Panagiotis Alexandropoulos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:174
  23. Whole body bone scan with Technetium-99m MDP (methylene diphosphate) can detect bony lesions due to altered osteoblastic activity.

    Authors: Majid Assadi, Abdolali Ebrahimi, Mohammad Eftekhari, Armaghan Fard-Esfahani, Mojgan Nazar Ahari, Iraj Nabipour, Farshid Gheisari, Shabnam Shahbaz, Reza Baghaei and Sakineh Assadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:173
  24. With increasing prevalence of gunshot injuries we are seeing more patients with retained bullet fragments lodged in their bodies. Embedded lead bullets are usually considered inert after their kinetic energy h...

    Authors: Muhammad A Rehman, Masood Umer, Yasir J Sepah and Muhammad A Wajid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:171
  25. A cutaneous horn is a conical projection of hyperkeratotic epidermis. Though grossly resembling an animal horn, it lacks a bony core. These lesions have been well described in Caucasian patients, as well as in...

    Authors: Peter M Nthumba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:170
  26. There is little information about the risk of HCV recurrence in immunosuppressed patients. Although the presence of antibodies to HCV and the absence of HCV-RNA is usually considered to indicate viral eliminat...

    Authors: Norbert H Gruener, Bijan Raziorrouh and Maria-Christina Jung
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:169
  27. In recent years, technical developments have made endovascular procedures attractive therapeutic options and enabled the endovascular surgeon to redefine the management of cerebral aneurysms. However, as the n...

    Authors: Promod Pillai, Aftab Karim and Anil Nanda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:168
  28. The microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2 is the most common human deletion syndrome. It typically presents early in life and is rarely considered in adult patients. As part of the manifestations of this conditi...

    Authors: Adriano R Tonelli, Kalyan Kosuri, Sainan Wei and Davoren Chick
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:167
  29. We report a case of fulminant multiple organ failure including the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), haemodynamic, and renal failure due to community-acquired methicillin-sensitive Panton Valentine Leuk...

    Authors: Joerg C Schefold, Fabrizio Esposito, Christian Storm, Dagmar Heuck, Anne Krüger, Achim Jörres, Wolfgang Witte and Dietrich Hasper
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:165
  30. Hypercalcemia is a complication often seen in chronic hemodialysis patients. A rare cause of this condition is sarcoidosis. Its highly variable clinical presentation is challenging. Especially in patients suff...

    Authors: Ivo Quack, Magdalena Woznowski, Gisela Schieren, Stefan M Weiner, Guido Winnekendonk, Faruk Tokmak, Lars C Rump and Dirk Rattensperger
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:164

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