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Table 2 Skull fractures and intracranial hemorrhages by using pin-type head holder in adult patients

From: Skull fracture and epidural hematoma caused by use of a Mayfield skull clamp in an adult patient with chronic hemodialysis: a case report

Case Authors Reported year Age (years)/gender Diagnosis Surgical plan Name of head holder Application pressure Complications Management of complications Risk factors
1 Erbayraktar et al. [8] 2001 23/M Pituitary adenoma Tumor excision Multipoise N/A Skull fracture and EDH Evacuation of EDH Instrument failure (misplaced spring)
2 Sade and Mohr [9] 2005 24/M Meningioma (brain) Tumor excision Mayfield N/A Skull fracture and EDH Evacuation of EDH Thin calvarium (chronic compression by SOL)
3 Jha et al. [10] 2009 22/M Fourth ventricular tumor Tumor excision Mayfield 60 Skull fracture and EDH Evacuation of EDH Thin calvarium (chronic hydrocephalus)
4 Lee et al. [11] 2010 38/F Postoperative pseudoarthroses Cervical foraminotomies and instrumented fusion Mayfield 60 Skull fracture and EDH Evacuation of EDH Thin calvarium (unknown reason)
5 Naik V et al. [12],
Bindra et al. [13]
2012 40/F Schwannoma (brain) Tumor excision Mayfield 60 EDH (bilateral) Evacuation of EDH N/A
6 Matouk et al. [14] 2012 79/M CSM Posterior cervical decompression Mayfield # Skull fracture and EDH Conservative Thin calvarium (dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure), antiepileptics
7 Won et al. [15] 2012 61/F Intracerebral hematoma Removal of hematoma Fischer stereotactic head frame N/A Skull fracture, EDH, and increased volume of intracerebral hematoma Evacuation of EDH Inadvertent application
8 Haldar et al. [16] 2017 25/M Glioma (brain) Tumor excision Sugita frame (four-pin) N/A EDH Evacuation of EDH N/A
9 Present case 2020 68/M CSM Laminoplasty Mayfield # Skull fracture and EDH Conservative Thin calvarium (dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure)
  1. CSM cervical spondylotic myelopathy, EDH epidural hematoma, SOL space-occupying lesion, M male, F female, N/A not applicable
  2. #appropriate pressure could not be maintained