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Table 1 Proposed definition of postpancreatectomy hemorrhage according to the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery

From: Late postpancreatectomy hemorrhage from the gastroduodenal artery stump into an insufficient hepaticojejunostomy: a case report

Grade Time of onset, location, severity, and clinical impact Clinical condition Possible diagnostic consequences Possible therapeutic consequences
A Early intra- or extraluminal, mild   Well Observation, blood count, radiology No
B Early, intra- or extraluminal, severe Late, intra- or extraluminal, mild Often well/intermediate, very rarely life threatening Observation, blood count, CT, angiography, endoscopy Transfusion of fluid/blood, intermediate or intensive care unit, endoscopy, coiling, relaparotomy if early PPH
C   Late intra- or extraluminal, severe Severely impaired, life threatening Angiography, CT, endoscopy Angiography, coiling, endoscopy, relaparotomy, intensive care unit
  1. Adapted from Wente et al. [5]