Skip to main content

Table 1 Reported cases of spontaneous basal intrasphenoidal, transethmoidal, and bilateral herniations including meningoceles, encephaloceles, and meningoencephaloceles

From: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension presenting as bilateral spontaneous lateral intrasphenoidal and transethmoidal meningoceles: a case report and review of the literature

Authors Age, sex Location Type of herniation Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea?* Bony defect
  Transethmoidal
Sharifi et al. [10] 2014 35 F Right Meningoencephalocele Yes Ethmoid sinus
Hasegawa et al. [11] 2005 52 M Right Meningoencephalocele Yes Cribriform
Singh et al. [29] 2013 42 M Left Meningocele No Cribriform
Schwartz and Shaw [12] 2002 62 M Left Meningoencephalocele Yes Cribriform
Thijssen et al. [13] 1976 24 F Left Encephalocele Yes Cribriform
Ziade et al. [14] 2016 47.5 (median age) 8 Females 2 Males 3 left, 7 right 7 meningoceles, 3 meningoencephaloceles Yes, all Cribriform, all
  Intrasphenoidal
Stefanelli et al. [15] 2014 41 M Right Meningoencephalocele No Greater wing of sphenoid
Kwon and Kim [16] 2010 45 F Right Meningoencephalocele Yes Pneumatized SS
Fraioli et al. [17] 2003 59 M Right Encephalocele Yes Lateral SS
Alfieri et al. [18] 2002 63 F Right Encephalocele Yes Lateral SS
Daniilidis et al. [19] 1999 46 F Right Encephalocele Yes Lateral SS
Deasy et al. [20] 1999 40 F, 59 M Right Encephalocele Yes, both Lateral SS
Clyde and Stechison [21] 1995 54 F Right Meningoencephalocele Yes Lateral SS
Peltonen et al. [22] 2008 60 M Left Encephalocele Yes Roof of SS
Herman et al. [23] 2003 45 F Left Meningoencephalocele Yes Ptosis, floor of third ventricle
Willner et al. [24] 1994 67 F Left Encephalocele Yes N/A
Albernaz et al. [25] 1991 47 F Left Encephalocele No Middle cranial fossa
Buchfelder et al. [26] 1987 44 F Left Encephalocele Yes Lateral SS
Sanjari et al. [8] 2013 45 F Left Meningocele Yes Lateral SS
Ogul et al. [27] 2014 42 F N/A Encephalocele No Hypomineralization of sphenoid bone
Abiko et al. [5] 1988 46 F N/A Encephalocele No Erosion of planum sphenoidale
Lai et al. [6] 2002 52.3 (mean age) 7 females, 5 males 7 left, 5 right Encephaloceles (all) 3/12 8 lateral SS, 4 midline perisellar
  Bilateral
Firat and Firat [28] 2004 53 M Both Meningoencephaloceles Yes Cribriform, lateral SS, anterior + posterior frontal sinus
Aggarwal et al. [2]2017 44 M Both Meningoencephaloceles Yes Bilateral DAVF
Schlosser and Bolger [9] 2002 49.2 (mean age) 4 females, 1 male Both Meningoencephaloceles (all 5) 4/5 yes Bilateral lateral SS × 3, posterior ethmoid/frontal, frontal/central sphenoid
  1. DAVF dural arteriovenous fistula, F female, M male, N/A not available, SS sphenoid sinus, * cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea at presentation