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Table 2 Diagnostic workup data

From: Streptococcus pyogenes bacteremia and toxic shock syndrome related to Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection: a case report

Parameter Results
Blood cultures 2/4 positive for Streptococcus pyogenes
Serology tests
 Anti-HAV IgM Negative
 Anti-HCV Negative
 Anti-HBs 239 mIU/ml
 HBsAg Negative
 CMV IgG/IgM Positive/Negative
 EBV IgG/IgM/EBNA Positive/Negative/Positive
Coxiella burnetii Negative
Rickettsia typhi Negative
Rickettsia conorii Negative
 Sandfly virus IFA – IgM/IgG Negative /Negative
Strongyloides stercoralis – ELISA Positive
 HTLV 1&2 Negative
Autoimmune panel
 Mitochondrial antibody Negative
 Cardiolipin IgG/IgA Negative/Negative
 Antinuclear antibodies Borderline
 P-ANCA/C-ANCA Negative
Parasitology tests
 Stool for parasites Larvae seen
 Sputum for parasites Negative
 Urine for parasites Larvae seen
 Stool RT-PCR for Strongyloides stercoralis Positive
  1. anti-HBs hepatitis B surface antibody, C-ANCA cytoplasmic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, HAV hepatitis A virus, HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen, HCV hepatitis C virus, CMV cytomegalovirus, EBNA EBV nuclear antigen, EBV Epstein–Barr virus, ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, HTLV human T-lymphotropic virus, IFA immunofluorescence assay, Ig immunoglobulin, P-ANCA perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, PCR polymerase chain reaction, RT real time