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Table 1 Results of diagnostics in cerebrospinal fluid, blood, serum, and bronchoalveolar lavage

From: Lethal outcome of granulomatous acanthamoebic encephalitis in a man who was human immunodeficiency virus-positive: a case report

Disease/Pathogen Test Result
Human immunodeficiency virus Liquor, PCR
Serum, PCR
Positive (670,000 copies/mL)
Positive (2,200,000 copies/mL)
Toxoplasmosis Immunohistochemistry Negative
Measles Liquor,
Serum, IgG
Serum, IgM
Negative
Positive (IgG 1900 U/L)
Negative
Borrelia Liquor, IgG Negative
Syphilis Liquor, TPPA Negative
FSME Liquor, IgG
Serum, IgG/IgM
Negative
Both negative
Cryptococcus Liquor, antigen screen Negative
HSV 1/2 Liquor, DNA
BAL, DNA
Negative
Positive
VZV (herpes zoster) Liquor, PCR Negative
CMV Liquor, PCR
BAL, PCR
Negative
Negative
EBV Liquor, PCR Negative
JCV (human polyomavirus) Liquor, PCR
BAL, PCR
Negative
Negative
HCV Serum, PCR Negative
Enterococcus BAL Positive
  1. BAL bronchoalveolar lavage, CMV cytomegalovirus, EBV Epstein–Barr virus, FSME tick-borne encephalitis, HCV hepatitis C virus, HSV herpes simplex virus, JCV John Cunningham virus, PCR polymerase chain reaction, TPPA Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay, VZV varicella zoster virus