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  1. Leser–Trélat syndrome, which manifests as eruptive multiple seborrheic keratoses, is a rare paraneoplastic sign. Hyponatremia in the elderly population is an often overlooked but potentially sinister biochemic...

    Authors: Larry Nyanti, Affizal Samsudin and Ing Khieng Tiong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:188

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Radiotherapy has been shown to cause malfunction of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, and there are few studies of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and radiotherapy. We report an unusual case of ...

    Authors: Jeong Won Lee and Ki Ho Seol

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:187

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by an intrinsic insulin deficiency resulting from the severe destruction of pancreatic β cells and it rapidly leads to ketoacidosis. However, the association between ...

    Authors: Takahiro Hayakawa, Yoshio Nakano, Kana Hayakawa, Hiroaki Yoshimatu, Yoshikazu Hori, Kazuki Yamanishi, Hirofumi Yamanishi, Takayuki Ota and Tokuzo Fujimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:186

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Diamond–Blackfan anemia is a rare congenital red blood cell aplasia characterized by failed erythropoiesis, congenital abnormalities in up to 50% of patients, growth retardation in up to 30% of patients, and a...

    Authors: Colin Byron Noel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:185

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Prolactinomas are tumors of the pituitary gland that usually respond very well to treatment with cabergoline. Resistance to cabergoline is very rare, but when it occurs, it is a difficult problem to resolve if...

    Authors: Luiz Augusto Casulari, Lucas Faria de Castro, Iruena Moraes Kessler, José Luiz Mendonça and Maria de Fátima Magalhães Gonzaga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:183

    Content type: Case report

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  6. A 9-year-old Arabic boy attending middle school presented with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation recorded by Holter electrocardiographic monitoring. He had a background history ...

    Authors: Christian Eichhorn, Inga Voges and Piers E. F. Daubeney

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:194

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Development of neurological complications of varicella zoster virus reactivation is relatively uncommon, particularly in an immunocompetent child.

    Authors: Ryu Yasuda, Kisei Minami, Akira Ogawa, Hideshi Okada, Runa Terakawa, Yumi Koike, Shinji Ogura, Kouichi Takeuchi and Tsukasa Higuchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:182

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Giant ovarian cysts are rarely described in the literature, owing to the availability of advanced imaging technologies in developed countries leading to early treatment. In resource-limited settings, various f...

    Authors: Chipo Gwanzura, Annie Fungai Muyotcha, Thulani Magwali, Zvavahera Mike Chirenje and Mugove Gerald Madziyire

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:181

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Sublingual microcirculation monitoring is suitable for bedside use in critically ill patients. We present a case in which severely impaired sublingual microcirculation was the first alarming sign of an early d...

    Authors: Jonas D. Scheuzger, Anna Zehnder, Desirée Yeginsoy and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:179

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Desmoid tumors are intermediary malignant, fibrous lesions occurring in various soft tissues. Surgical treatment is relentlessly challenging because of the propensity for local aggressive behavior and high ris...

    Authors: Nina Louise Jebsen, Torunn Oveland Apelseth, Hans Kristian Haugland, Øystein Rekdal, Hamina Patel, Bjørn Tore Gjertsen and Dag Eirik Jøssang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:177

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Midline cervical cleft is a very rare congenital anomaly. According to a literature search, until 2014 only 205 cases were reported.

    Authors: Mazhar Çelikoyar, Erkan Aktan and Gülen Doğusoy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:176

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Inflammatory bowel disease and schizophrenia spectrum disorders are complex and multifactorial conditions characterized by great variability of age at onset, clinical presentation, and longitudinal course. Sev...

    Authors: Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli, Lucia Margari, Sara Ivagnes, Roberto Palumbi and Francesco Margari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:175

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Nevus of Ota or “oculodermal melanocytosis” is a rare congenital hamartoma of dermal melanocytes causing a blue-gray hyperpigmentation of the eye and surrounding structures. The condition, originally described...

    Authors: Jennifer Maguire and Deborah Holt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:174

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:263

  14. Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease, which was originally described in young women, is a benign condition characterized by necrotizing lymphadenitis and fever. Even though the clinical course is usually self-limiting, it...

    Authors: Sahathevan Vithoosan, Thilini Karunarathna, Ponnudurai Shanjeeban, Paramarajan Piranavan, Thushara Matthias, Dayal Gamlaksha, Ama Liyadipita and Aruna Kulatunga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:173

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Aspergillus terreus, a saprophytic fungus, is recognized as an emerging pathogen in various infections in humans. However, bone and joint involvement is uncommon. To the best of our knowledge, only seven cases of...

    Authors: Yasutaka Takagi, Hiroshi Yamada, Hidehumi Ebara, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Satoshi Kidani, Shunro Okamoto, Yuta Nakamura, Yoshiyuki Kitano, Kenji Kagechika, Satoru Demura, Takuro Ueno, Kengo Shimozaki and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:172

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Vascular complications of acute pancreatitis are common. Splanchnic thrombosis accounts for 11% of these complications, whereas extrasplanchnic thrombosis remains a rare entity. These complications are associa...

    Authors: Youssef Motiaa, Zakaria Ouassou, Houda Moumou and Wafae el Otmani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:171

    Content type: Case report

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  17. While dermatomyositis is often associated with malignancy, several autoimmune diseases like myositis can be caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors. Differentially diagnosing malignancy-associated dermatomyosit...

    Authors: Chikako Shibata, Jun Kato, Nobuo Toda, Makoto Imai, Yukiyo Fukumura, Junya Arai, Ken Kurokawa, Mayuko Kondo, Kaoru Takagi, Kentaro Kojima, Takamasa Ohki, Michiharu Seki, Masanobu Yoshida, Akitake Suzuki and Kazumi Tagawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:168

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The number of contrast media-related procedures is ever increasing due to the widespread availability of theoretically safe, low osmolar iodinated contrast material. Although intravenously administered contras...

    Authors: B. V. K. M. Bopeththa, P. B. Hewavithana, H. L. I. Hewapathirana and U. Ralapanawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:166

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Pleomorphic dermal sarcoma is the cutaneous variant of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. It is a rare malignancy of unclear histogenesis; it is a diagnosis of exclusion that requires extensive use of immun...

    Authors: Mary E. Anderson, Nemanja Rodic, Antonio Subtil, Dawn Queen, Selim Arcasoy, George W. Niedt, Peter W. Heald and Larisa J. Geskin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:169

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, with a mean survival of 6 months, is duly considered among the most fatal neurological disorders. Rapidly progressive dementia with multi-axial involvement of the nervous sy...

    Authors: Durjoy Lahiri, Srimant Pattnaik, Ashwani Bhat, Souvik Dubey, Atanu Biswas and Biman Kanti Roy

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:163

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The rheumatoid nodule is the most common extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis. When present, it is readily identified in conventional hematoxylin and eosin sections.

    Authors: Efthimios Sivridis, Maria Kouroupi, Michael Ioannis Koukourakis, Stella Arelaki, Nikolaos Lyratzopoulos and Alexandra Giatromanolaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:159

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Exacerbations of asthma constitute the most common cause of pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema in children. Foreign body aspiration is a rare cause of pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. Fo...

    Authors: Mounir Bourrous, Widad Lahmini, Hassan Nouri and Nouzha Haimeur

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:157

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is the second most common rheumatological disorder after rheumatoid arthritis. It typically presents as xerophthalmia and xerostomia in postmenopausal women. Involvement of the centr...

    Authors: Kathi Ging, Marie-Luise Mono, Mathias Sturzenegger, Martin Zbinden, Sabine Adler, Vera Genitsch and Franca Wagner

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:165

    Content type: Case report

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  24. There are still many pendent issues about the effective evaluation of cardiac resynchronization therapy impact on functional mitral regurgitation. In order to reduce the intrinsic difficulties of quantificatio...

    Authors: A. R. Martiniello, V. Bianchi, G. Tonti, C. Cioppa, V. Tavoletta, A. D’Onofrio, V. M. Caso, G. Pedrizzetti and P. Caso

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:161

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Transverse colon volvulus is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction. The total number of cases reported in the literature is 100. It constitutes a surgical emergency since it can lead to bowel infarction, peri...

    Authors: Hamza Hasnaoui, Faouzi Laytimi, Yusuf Elfellah, Ouadii Mouaqit, El Bachir Benjelloun, Abdelmalek Ousadden, Khalid Ait Taleb and Hicham El bouhaddouti

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:156

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Duplication cyst of the alimentary tract is a rare congenital anomaly. Duodenal duplication cyst accounts for less than 5% overall. These entities rarely present in adults. They are often mistaken as choledoch...

    Authors: M. KarthiKeyan, L. SoundaraRajan, M. Karthi, M. UmaMaheswaran and S. Rajendran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:160

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Ascariasis is the leading helminthic infection worldwide, with its peak prevalence noted in children aged 2–10 years. Although mainly asymptomatic, chronic and heavy infestation could lead to severe complicati...

    Authors: Clarence Mvalo Mbanga, Kingsley S. Ombaku, Karl Njuwa Fai and Valirie Ndip Agbor

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:155

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Until now, few cases of pelvis squamous cell carcinoma in various renal anomalies have been reported. To our knowledge, primary squamous cell carcinoma arising from a pelvic ectopic kidney has never been descr...

    Authors: Yavuz Güler, Burak Üçpınar and Akif Erbin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:154

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Primary plasmacytomas are localized proliferations of clonal plasma cells occurring in the absence of a systemic plasma cell dyscrasia such as multiple myeloma. Primary plasmacytomas most commonly manifest as ...

    Authors: Leonard Naymagon and Maher Abdul-Hay

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:153

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Overall, fungi are estimated to cause approximately 1% of prosthetic joint infections, Candida glabrata account for less than 10% of these cases. No well-defined treatment strategy is available.

    Authors: Maria Bruna Pasticci, Chiara Papalini, Andrea Leli and Gastone Bruno

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:151

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which autoantibodies mainly affect the peripheral nervous system. Autonomic dysfunction is a common and severe complication of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Card...

    Authors: A. Gravos, A. Destounis, K. Katsifa, P. Tselioti, K. Sakellaridis, V. Grammatikopoulou, C. Tsapas, A. Nodarou, P. Batiani and A. Prekates

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:150

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by chest symptoms, electrocardiographic changes, and new regional wall motion abnormality in the apical segment of the left ventricle in the absence of obstructive cor...

    Authors: Daishi Nonaka, Hiroyuki Takase, Masashi Machii and Kazuto Ohno

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:152

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Abnormalities in the number of vessels can be found for both the umbilical artery and vein. We sometimes encounter cases of a decreased number of umbilical cord vessels, such as a single umbilical artery. In c...

    Authors: Mariko Kurakazu, Masamitsu Kurakazu, Masaharu Murata, Tatsuki Miyamoto, Yoko Takahashi, Makoto Hamasaki, Eiji Ohta, Fusanori Yotsumoto and Shingo Miyamoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:149

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Multiple myeloma is a hematological malignancy that classically results in an abnormal clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Extramedullary disease in the setting of multiple myeloma, referr...

    Authors: Aubrey A. Mwinyogle, Astha Bhatt, Katarina Kapisoda, Justin Somerville and Steven C. Cunningham

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:148

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Mirtazapine has a good tolerability and safety profile that demonstrates several benefits over other antidepressants and it is associated with few fatalities. Boric acid is an odorless white powder that is gen...

    Authors: Hiroki Nagasawa, Hiroaki Nakanishi, Kazuyuki Saito, Takehisa Matsukawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama and Youichi Yanagawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:147

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are an essential driver of personalized therapy for patients with lung cancer and are detected in approximately 15% of Caucasian and 50% of Asian patients. EGFR

    Authors: Juan C. Falla-Martinez, Daniela Espinosa, Juan C. Baena, Lisa X. Rodriguez, Luz F. Sua and Angela R. Zambrano

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:144

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Scleredema is a rare sclerodermoid skin condition characterized by diffuse symmetrical thickening of the upper part of the body. Its association with monoclonal gammopathy and myeloma was recently described; v...

    Authors: B. S. D. P. Keragala, H. M. M. T. B. Herath, G. H. D. C. Janappriya, B. S. Dissanayaka, S. C. Shyamini, D. P. Liyanagama, Thanushah Balendran, S. R. Constantine and C. N. Gunasekera

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:145

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease is a condition in which calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal is deposited in joint cartilage and ligaments. Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal...

    Authors: Tomoya Soma, Seiji Asoda, Moemi Kimura, Kanako Munakata, Hidetaka Miyashita, Taneaki Nakagawa and Hiromasa Kawana

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:143

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Fluoroquinolones have been associated with hypoglycemia in patients taking diabetic medications, most commonly due to drug-drug interactions and other associated risk factors. Except for four published case re...

    Authors: Abiel Berhe, Mulugeta Russom, Fithawit Bahran and Goitom Hagos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:142

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Urogenital tuberculosis is still a frequent presentation, and it constitutes a current public health problem in endemic areas. The clinical presentation of this form of the disease may be misleading. The pseud...

    Authors: Kays Chaker, Marouene Chakroun, Maroua Gharbi and Mohamed Chebil

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:139

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. The efficacy and safety of bariatric surgery have not been fully elucidated in patients affected with human immunodeficiency virus. Although adjustable gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy are starting to be...

    Authors: Wei Yang, Anjali Zalin, Mark Nelson, Gianluca Bonanomi, James Smellie, Kevin Shotliff, Evangelos Efthimiou and Veronica Greener

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:146

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Cesarean section scar ectopic pregnancies are a rare complication of pregnancy that may follow previous hysterotomy for any cause, uterine manipulation, and in vitro fertilization. It has become more common with ...

    Authors: Rumbidzai Majangara, Mugove Gerald Madziyire, Cladious Verenga and Marshall Manase

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:137

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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