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  1. A nerve root anomaly, typified by a conjoined nerve root, is a rare finding. Conjoined nerve root anomalies are easily missed even in preoperative advanced imaging modalities, which can be potentially troubles...

    Authors: Hiroshi Kuroki and Takuya Nagai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:82
  2. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab had been granted emergency use authorization in children under 12 years who are at risk of progression from mild/moderate coronavirus disease 2019 to severe disease and hospitalizat...

    Authors: Rajapillai L. I. Pillai, Caroline Dziel, Stephanie Vogel, Frank Szczerba, Weijen W. Chang, Ingrid Y. Camelo and Armando Paez
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:64
  3. Emicizumab is a novel prophylactic medication used to treat patients with hemophilia A. It is indicated to minimize the frequency of bleeding episodes and the severity of serious bleeding in patients with hemo...

    Authors: Sami Albattat, Abbas Alabdultaif, Fatimah Albattat and Batla Albattat
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:63
  4. Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma exhibit various clinical presentations. Needle biopsy of the lymph nodes is a minimally invasive procedure and a useful diagnostic method for malignant lymphomas. However, at tim...

    Authors: Tatsuya Kikuchi, Yoshinori Tanaka, Kouichi Ichimura, Hiroyuki Okada and Ryoichi Okamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:61
  5. Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is very rare, accounting for 0.05% of all malignant breast tumors. It has very high malignant potential and poor prognosis, though due to the rarity of the disease, there is ...

    Authors: Yuka Ooe, Hirofumi Terakawa, Hiroko Kawashima, Hiroko Ikeda and Noriyuki Inaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:60
  6. Waldenström macroglobulinemia is a rare hematological malignancy and is the most common diagnosis in patients with hyperviscosity syndrome. Bilateral central retinal vein occlusion as an initial presentation o...

    Authors: Suraj Shrestha, Elisha Poddar, Bibhav Bashyal, Aayush Adhikari, Prabin Pathak, Suman Acharya, Surendra Sapkota, Anjan Bhattarai, Samriddha Raj Pant and Anjan Shrestha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:59
  7. We present the case of a patient with cerebellar ataxia who was treated with walking practice using a split-belt treadmill with disturbance stimulation. The treatment effects were evaluated for improvements in...

    Authors: Saho Myojin, Hiroyuki Yasumura, Jun Takashiba and Shu Morioka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:58
  8.  Mitomycin C has been used adjunctively in various procedures, including pterygium excision. Delayed wound healing, the long-term complication of mitomycin C, can occur several years later and may rarely cause...

    Authors: Phit Upaphong, Kessara Pathanapitoon and Winai Chaidaroon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:57
  9. Undesired intrathecal injections represent an important subset of medical errors, albeit rare. Clinical effects depend on the type and concentration of drug(s) injected. Here we report on the case of a healthy...

    Authors: Alessandro Ferrieri, Donatella Bosco, Ennio Polilli, Raffaella Ciulli, Lina Visocchi, Lucrezia Mincione, Rosa Iacoe, Rosamaria Zocaro and Antonella Frattari
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:76
  10. Tranexamic acid is a well-known antifibrinolytic medication frequently prescribed to individuals with bleeding disorders. Following accidental intrathecal injection of tranexamic acid, major morbidities and fa...

    Authors: Salama A. Harby and Neveen A. Kohaf
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:55
  11. West Nile Virus is a single-stranded Ribonucleic Acid arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family that is transmitted to humans by Culex species mosquitoes. West Nile Virus infection is asymptomatic in the majority of a...

    Authors: Antonella Scarciglia, Luca Roncucci and Piero Benatti
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:54
  12. The use of total laparoscopic hysterectomy is increasing. However, as with conventional abdominal hysterectomy, vaginal bacteria-related postoperative complications need to be managed in total laparoscopic hys...

    Authors: Asuka Okamura, Wataru Isono, Akira Tsuchiya, Michiko Honda, Ako Saito, Hiroko Tsuchiya, Reiko Matsuyama, Akihisa Fujimoto and Osamu Nishii
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:47
  13. Paraphilias are recurrent and arousing fantasies, thoughts, and behaviors that cause distress to sufferers and surrounding people. This case report details the challenge of managing multiple paraphilias with c...

    Authors: Nicholas Tze Ping Pang, Ruziana Masiran and Aishah Siddiqah Alimuddin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:46
  14. Primary lymphoma of the spinal vertebrae (PLSV) is an exceedingly rare disease with an unclear optimal treatment plan. We analyzed the clinical features of PLSV in the patient to strengthen our understanding o...

    Authors: Saeid Safaei, Parisa Azimi, Taravat Yazdanian and Saadat Molanaei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:45
  15. Imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid insecticide, is widely used in agricultural settings. Consequently, cases of accidental and suicidal poisoning are increasingly seen in clinical practice. Although cases with vari...

    Authors: Om Prakash Bhatta, Sabita Chand, Hemant Chand, Ram Chandra Poudel, Ram Prasad Lamichhane, Abhi Kumar Singh and Nuwadatta Subedi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:43
  16. Like other viral infections, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection could affect different human body systems, including host immune responses. Three years after its pandemic, we learn more ...

    Authors: Ali Amanati, Mahdi Shahriari, Mohammad Reza Bordbar, Seyyed Bozorgmehr Hedayati, Mazyar Ziyaeyan, Marzieh Jamalidoust, Mehdi Kalani and Nahid Heydari Marandi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:66
  17. Pituitary apoplexy is acute infarction with or without hemorrhage of the pituitary gland. It is a rare but potentially life-threatening emergency that most commonly occurs in the setting of pituitary adenoma. ...

    Authors: Kristine M. Abo, Joseph Kane, Rachel C. Druckenbrod, Michael A. Mooney and Jacob Rachlin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:53
  18. Recurrence of multiple myeloma is among the most challenging issues for patients and treating physicians reported after autologous stem cell transplantation. However, extramedullary involvement after chemother...

    Authors: Alireza Rezvani, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Javad Fallahi and Ali Zeighami
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:42
  19. Gram-negative bacillary meningitis remains a rare occurrence, even in patients with human immunodeficiency virus. Current literature only describes anecdotal cases of spontaneous nosocomial Proteus mirabilis meni...

    Authors: Radhika Sood, Chadrack Walo, Rosie Burton, Mohamad Khalife, Astan Dicko and Freddy Mangana
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:52
  20. Cardiac tamponade may present with very different signs and clinical consequences in patients who are supported with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Failure to recognize cardiac tamponade in ...

    Authors: E. J. M. Adriaansen, J. A. J. Hermens, M. Broome, L. Pladet, E. Dubois, D. W. Donker and C. L. Meuwese
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:50
  21. Lymphadenopathy refers to any disease process involving lymph nodes that are abnormal in size and consistency. There are multiple etiologies in the setting of a diseased lymph node, including conditions of inf...

    Authors: Oladosu Olaniyi, Ojo Ayotunde, Thomas Christabel and Odediran Idowu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:41
  22. Systemic sclerosis is a multiorgan autoimmune disease that can overlap with other rheumatologic disorders; however, co-occurrence with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis is rare.

    Authors: Sepehr Nayebirad, Alireza Ramandi, Fatemeh Nili, Reza Atef-Yekta, Zahra Tamartash, Samira Salehi and Hoda Kavosi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:49
  23. Pulmonary mycosis is a fungal infection of the lung. Antifungal treatments are used in conventional treatments; however, incomplete response and toxicity are major challenges of antifungal therapies. In Ayurve...

    Authors: Prasan Shankar, Bhavya Vijay, Narendra Pendse, Mahima Rahman and Vasudevan Nampoothiri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:48
  24. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura are both causes of thrombocytopenia. Recognizing thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is crucial for subsequent treatment and prognosis. I...

    Authors: Hung-Chen Lin, Jinxiang Huang, Jing Huang, Li-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Wu Yin, Jian-Cheng Yang and Xiao-Yan Huang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:38
  25. Worldwide, iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anaemia. Iron deficiency alone has an association with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. Chronic iron deficiency anemia triggers var...

    Authors: Muhammad Yousaf, Memon iIlahi, Aisha Bibi, Hadeel Elhassan, Muhammad Sharif, Abdul Rehman Abid, Maya Ali Omran, Arwa Hassan and Khawaja Hassan Haroon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:44
  26. After a disaster, it is essential to maintain the health care supply levels to minimize the health impact on vulnerable populations. During the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, hospitals wi...

    Authors: Makoto Yoshida, Toyoaki Sawano, Yurie Kobashi, Arinobu Hori, Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Akihiko Ozaki, Saori Nonaka, Motohiro Tsuboi and Masaharu Tsubokura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:37
  27. Uterine adenomyosis is rarely a precursor of malignant tumors, but the most frequent histological subtype is endometrioid carcinoma. We observed a rare case of mucinous carcinoma originating from uterine adeno...

    Authors: Satoshi Ohira, Ryota Tachibana, Sayaka Yasaki, Koji Tsunemi, Natsuki Uchiyama, Eri Ikeda and Kenji Sano
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:36
  28. Synchronous or metachronous multiple primary malignancies (MPMs) are a known phenomenon. These occurrences may be spontaneous or related to environmental risk factors or genetic predisposition. Chronic myeloge...

    Authors: Abolghasem Allahyari, Amirhosein Maharati, Amir Masoud Jafari-Nozad and Alireza zangooie
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:35
  29. Leber hereditary optic neuropathy is a genetic disease of mitochondrial inheritance characterized by bilateral irreversible vision loss, predominantly affecting males. We report the first genetically authentic...

    Authors: Kawmadi Gunawardena, Vajira H. W. Dissanayake and Thashi Chang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:34
  30. Mifepristone, also known as RU-486, is an anti-progestational steroid with similar chemical structure to anabolic steroids. Given as a single dose in conjunction with misoprostol, mifepristone is used to induc...

    Authors: Taylor A. Ault, David R. Braxton, Rebecca A. Watson, Alan O. Marcus and Tse-Ling Fong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:33
  31. Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency composed of two related disorders accounting for an acute presentation and chronic progression. Hyperemesis gravidarum p...

    Authors: Alisa Olmsted, Andrea DeSimone, Jahaira Lopez-Pastrana and Madeleine Becker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:32
  32. Fournier’s gangrene is a rare, fulminant, and usually localized necrotizing soft tissue polymicrobial infection of the perineum, with occasional extension up to the abdominal wall.

    Authors: Kays Chaker, Yassine Ouanes, Makram Rinchi, Nizar Cherni, Mokhtar Bibi, Kheireddine Mrad Dali and Yassine Nouira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:30
  33. Peripheral manifestations secondary to progressive vascular occlusions are characteristic of the rare condition termed thromboangiitis obliternas (TAO) or Buerger’s disease. The central manifestations of this ...

    Authors: Mahmoud A. Awara, Laura M. Downing and Manal O. Elnenaei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:40
  34. Skin and soft tissue infections are common because of exposure to aquatic environment, while severe infections caused by Aeromonas veronii are rare.

    Authors: Linhui Li, Jie Huang, Long Xu, Guangyi Wang, Shichu Xiao, Zhaofan Xia, Qin Qin, Yazhou Li and Shizhao Ji
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:29
  35. Twin anemia polycythemia sequence is a rare complication in monochorionic twin pregnancy.

    Authors: Tania Jeyaseelan, Panicos Shangaris, Athina Efthymiou, Linzi Martin, Lisa Story, Surabhi Nanda, Neelam Gupta, Mudher Al-Adnani, Andreas Marnerides, Kypros H. Nicolaides and Srividhya Sankaran
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:28
  36. Vibrio vulnificus is typically present in seawater, fish, and shellfish, and is known to cause severe sepsis, particularly in patients with liver diseases such as cirrhosis. V. vulnificus is one of the most dange...

    Authors: Eishi Sakihara, Ikuma Noge, Hiroki Suzuyama, Hiroaki Takeoka and Shigeki Nabeshima
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:27
  37. Patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors have been reported to develop autoimmune endocrine diseases, including type 1 diabetes, although few drugs have been shown to induce type 1 diabetes. Additionall...

    Authors: Makoto Miyabayashi, Shunichiro Onishi, Tomohiko Yoshida and Minoru Takemoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:26
  38. Myeloproliferative neoplasms are a group of diseases with diverse biological and clinical characteristics. As a provisional separate entity, myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia and genetic rearrangeme...

    Authors: Alejandro Pineda Isaza, Santiago Castaño Quintero, Lisceth Paola Quintero González, Fabián Emiliano Ahumada Córdoba, Andrés Felipe Arbeláez Olivar and Juan Carlos Bravo Ocaña
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:39
  39. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Gram-negative bacteria. It has variable manifestations (gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, skeletal). Neurobrucellosis may develop at any stage of the disease (acute, ...

    Authors: Leen Jamel Doya, Ibrahim Haidar and Souad Sakkour
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:25
  40. For the treatment of hypothyroidism, patients are usually placed on lifelong levothyroxine replacement therapy. Achieving clinical and biochemical euthyroid status is sometimes difficult because of several fac...

    Authors: Zareen Kiran, Khalilullah Shabbir Shaikh, Nazish Fatima, Namra Tariq and Akhtar Ali Baloch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:24
  41. Lymphangiomas are benign vascular tumors arising from the lymphatic system. They commonly affect the head and neck regions. Pancreatic involvement is extremely rare. Even though they are rare, it should be con...

    Authors: Hiwote Girma Assefa, Tafese Gudissa Merga and Binyam Gebremedhin Godu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:23
  42. Filar cysts are frequently found on neonatal ultrasound and are physiologically involuting structures with natural resolution. Hence, there has been no previous histologic correlation. Ventriculus terminalis i...

    Authors: Arnold H. Menezes, Yutaka Sato, Brian J. Dlouhy, Karra A. Jones and Steven A. Moore
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:22

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