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  1. The utilization of monoclonal antibodies has become more widespread over the past decade. However, the development of non-caseating granulomas with the use of monoclonal antibodies, such as ustekinumab, is not...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Gad, Najdat Bazarbashi, Manpreet Kaur and Amit Gupta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:257

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Transfemoral access is the traditional gold standard for uterine artery angiography; however, transradial access is gaining in popularity because of its decreased complication profile and patient preference. W...

    Authors: Akhil A. Chandra, Anthony N. Grieff, Adrian C. Balica and William E. Beckerman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:234

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The potential complications of pulmonary sequestration are serious and may include recurrent pulmonary infection, hemoptysis, and tumorigenesis. Therefore, the gold standard of treatment has been surgery. Alth...

    Authors: Nozomu Motono, Shun Iwai, Aika Funasaki, Atsushi Sekimura, Katsuo Usuda and Hidetaka Uramoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:228

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the spirochete, Treponema pallidum. While primary syphilis often involves genitalia, oral manifestations are observed in a subset of patients. These lesio...

    Authors: Kaitlyn L. Streight, Ronald M. Paranal and Daniel M. Musher

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:227

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Ameloblastomas are uncommon locally aggressive tumors of odontogenic epithelium that rarely metastasize. Currently, there is no standard of care for the metastatic forms. Several studies have shown that amelob...

    Authors: Morgane Broudic-Guibert, Jean-Yves Blay, Léa Vazquez, Alexandre Evrard, Marie Karanian, Sophie Taïeb, Natalie Hoog-Labouret, Céline Mahier Ait Oukhatar, Rania Boustany-Grenier and Antoine Arnaud

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:245

    Content type: Case report

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  6. The sawtooth fetal heart rate pattern is rare, and has been reported as a possible indicator of neurological sequelae in newborns. However, we observed this fetal heart rate pattern in an infant with normal ne...

    Authors: Satoshi Ohira, Sakura Yamanaka, Ryoichi Asaka, Hirofumi Ando, Chiho Fuseya, Norihiko Kikuchi, Tsutomu Miyamoto, Makoto Kanai and Tanri Shiozawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:226

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The pathophysiology of pulmonary edema is generally considered to result from elevated pulmonary capillary hydrostatic pressure due to increased left atrial pressure in consequence of a failing left ventricle.

    Authors: Daniel Tuchscherer, Alexa Hollinger, Jens Bremerich and Martin Siegemund

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:225

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Identifying the most appropriate antiretroviral regimen for pregnant women with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) infection can be challenging, mainly due to pregnancy-related physiological alterations whic...

    Authors: Sheila Chiesi, Sebastiano Rizzardo, Daniela Piacentini, Giorgia Be, Emanuela Lattuada, Evelina Tacconelli and Massimiliano Lanzafame

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:224

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a serious disorder which occurs post hematopoietic stem cell transplant or solid organ transplantation. T-prolymphocytic leukemia is a T cell type monomorphic po...

    Authors: Ganesh Kasinathan, Ahlam Naila Kori and Norasyikin Mohamad Azmie

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:223

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy. Nearly half of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome have cranial nerve involvement. However, isolated bilateral ptosis without ophthalm...

    Authors: Udaya Ralapanawa, Prabhashini Kumarihamy, Thilak Jayalath and Jeevani Udupihille

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:221

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Intradural extramedullary spinal metastasis is a relatively rare condition. Furthermore, there are few reports with the initial presentation being a neurological symptom from an intradural metastasis. We repor...

    Authors: Keita Koyama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Masahiro Inoue, Akihiko Okawa, Arata Nakajima, Masato Sonobe, Yorikazu Akatsu, Junya Saito, Shinji Taniguchi, Manabu Yamada, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuchika Aoki, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Masashi Yamazaki, Seiji Ohtori…

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:220

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Gastric duplication is a relatively rare congenital malformation, accounting for approximately 2.9–3.8% of gastrointestinal duplications. Gastric duplication cyst is a congenital anomaly that is rarely observe...

    Authors: Hideki Izumi, Hisamichi Yoshii, Rin Abe, Masaya Mukai, Eiji Nomura, Hiroyuki Ito, Tomoko Sugiyama, Takuma Tajiri and Hiroyasu Makuuchi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:240

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Adults with unoperated congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries are rare but form a distinct group among adults with congenital heart disease. Patients with congenitally corrected transpositi...

    Authors: Sang-Yeong Cho, Yeonyee E. Yoon, Wonjae Lee, Si-Hyuck Kang, Young Hwan Song, Cheong Lim, Goo-Yeong Cho and Jeong-Wook Seo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:219

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Intercostal lung herniation is a rare condition that may be congenital (20%) or acquired (80%). The isolated congenital form is exceptional, with one case reported in the literature.

    Authors: Toussain Wendlamita Tapsoba, Christine Grapin-Dagorno, Arnaud Bonnard and Alaa El-Ghoneimi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:232

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Buruli ulcer caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans is endemic in parts of West Africa and is most prevalent among the 5–15 years age group; Buruli ulcer is uncommon among neonates. The mode of transmission and incubat...

    Authors: Y. A. Amoako, M. Frimpong, D. O. Awuah, G. Plange-Rhule, E. Boakye-Yiadom, B. Agbavor, F. Sarpong, H. Ahor, E. Adu, K. G. Danso, M. K. Abass, K. Asiedu, M. Wansbrough-Jones and R. O. Phillips

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:218

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Synovial hemangioma of the knee is a rare benign tumor. Very rarely, the growth of bone is affected by long-term neglect of an intra-articular tumor. Our patient had not only various clinical symptoms but also...

    Authors: Yasuaki Tohma, Yoshio Mii and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:231

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Extradural schwannoma arising from high cervical spinal root is a rare entity in children. We report a case of extradural cervical schwannoma in a 14-year-old boy.

    Authors: Apar Pokharel, T. S. Rao, Prabhat Basnet, Bikash Pandey, Naganawalachulu Jayaprakash Mayya and Suvekshya Jaiswal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:230

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Aortic valve regurgitation leading to coronary steal phenomenon can severely impair cardiac function in hypoplastic left heart syndrome, thus worsening long-term outcome.

    Authors: Hannah E. Fürniss, Rouven Kubicki, Brigitte Stiller, Katja Reineker, Matthias Siepe and Jochen Grohmann

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:217

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Totally extraperitoneal hernia repair and the transabdominal preperitoneal approach have advantages and disadvantages. We used the advantages of totally extraperitoneal hernia repair and the transabdominal pre...

    Authors: Yosuke Namba, Takashi Urushihara, Hideki Nakahara and Toshiyuki Itamoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:229

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Lynch syndrome, or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome that predisposes individuals to multiple cancer types. The known cancers associated with Lynch syndrome i...

    Authors: Shayma Kazmi, Steven Wagner, Rebecca Heintzelman and Melanie Corbman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:216

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is a chronic disease of viral origin affecting the larynx, trachea, and lower airways. Inverted papilloma, most commonly originating from the lateral nasal wall, is typical...

    Authors: Jeremie D. Oliver, Neil S. Patel, Dale C. Ekbom and Janalee K. Stokken

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:215

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Plasmodium vivax was traditionally thought to be benign; however, nowadays it presents with a myriad of systemic complications like cerebral malaria, acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute kidney injury, acut...

    Authors: Vineet Jain, Khan Afreen, Jyotsana Kumari, Tanveer Mir, Bilal Wani and Romit Bhushan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:212

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons often encounter foreign objects within the human body. Despite the visual identification of foreign objects via imaging techniques, the accurate determination of their position ...

    Authors: Shintaro Sukegawa, Shingo Yoneda, Takahiro Kanno, Hidetoshi Tohmori and Yoshihiko Furuki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:209

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Little information is available on the treatment of open bite with temporomandibular joint disorder by intrusion of molars using miniscrews.

    Authors: Masato Kaku, Taeko Yamamoto, Yuka Yashima, Jin Izumino, Haruka Kagawa, Kazutaka Ikeda and Kotaro Tanimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:207

    Content type: Case report

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  25. We describe a combinatorial intensive care approach and discuss the critical factors that allowed us to successfully manage a life-threatening case of acute anaerobic septic shock triggered by descending necro...

    Authors: Dijana Popevski, Magdelena Popovska-Cvetkova, Katerina Ignevska, Rodney A. Rosalia and Zan Mitrev

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:205

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Molar pregnancies belong to a group of diseases classified as gestational trophoblastic diseases, which result from an altered fertilization. Partial molar pregnancy with a live fetus is a very rare condition,...

    Authors: Pasquale De Franciscis, Antonio Schiattarella, Domenico Labriola, Carolina Tammaro, Enrico Michelino Messalli, Elvira La Mantia, Marco Montella and Marco Torella

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:204

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Brake oil is an automobile transmission fluid composed of a mixture of toxic alcohols such as ethylene glycols and glycol ethers. Both accidental and intentional ingestion cases have been reported and they can...

    Authors: B. M. D. B. Basnayake, A. W. M. Wazil, N. Nanayakkara, R. M. B. S. S. Mahanama, P. N. S. Premathilake and K. K. M. C. D. K. Galkaduwa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:203

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Oral topical corticosteroid gels are widely used in dental medicine. Case studies of central serous retinopathy have been reported following administration of corticosteroids, but none so far coinciding with t...

    Authors: Preston O’Brien, Ryan C. Young, Shelley Day Ghafoori, C. Armitage Harper and Robert W. Wong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:201

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Secondary hypertension accounts for 5% of all cases of hypertension. Renal artery stenosis is one of the common causes of secondary hypertension. Atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia are the commonest t...

    Authors: Abdala M. Mkangala, Henry A. Mayala, Khamis H. Bakari and Xiang J. Dong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:197

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Methotrexate, an immunosuppressant, is widely used as the standard therapeutic drug for rheumatoid arthritis. With the increasing frequency of use of methotrexate, adverse effects of methotrexate have been rep...

    Authors: Ryohei Ono, Tomohiro Kumagae, Haruki Uojima, Shinichi Teshima, Madoka Kudo, Izumi Kitagawa and Masaki Yoshizawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:196

    Content type: Case report

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  31. An Amyand’s hernia is defined by the presence of a vermiform appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. Most of these cases are not diagnosed preoperatively and the surgical approach is dependent on the type pres...

    Authors: Daisuke Muroya, Shinji Sato, Masayuki Okabe, Yukiya Kishimoto and Keiichiro Tayama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:195

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Chronic urticaria is characterized by recurrent hives, with or without angioedema, persisting for 6 weeks or longer. Although often suspected by patients, in fact specific allergen triggers are infrequent. In ...

    Authors: Irene Yuan, Priya Katari and Marcus Shaker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:193

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Insulinomas are pancreatic endocrine tumors of rare incidence worldwide, the vast majority are of single occurrence and benign. These may not always present with the clear symptoms described in the literature ...

    Authors: Dolores Mejía, Rafael Contreras, Guarina Molina and Michael Alcántara

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:192

    Content type: Case report

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  34. We describe a patient copresenting with epilepsia partialis continua, tuberculosis, and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of this triad.

    Authors: Gashirai K. Mbizvo, Isabel C. Lentell, Clifford Leen, Huw Roddie, Christopher P. Derry, Susan E. Duncan and Kristiina Rannikmäe

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:191

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome are two forms of thrombotic microangiopathies. They are characterized by severe thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolysis, and thrombosis, l...

    Authors: Jose Perez Lara, Yaneidy Santana, Maneesh Gaddam, Asghar Ali, Sandeep Malik and Misbahuddin Khaja

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:190

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Leser–Trélat syndrome, which manifests as eruptive multiple seborrheic keratoses, is a rare paraneoplastic sign. Hyponatremia in the elderly population is an often overlooked but potentially sinister biochemic...

    Authors: Larry Nyanti, Affizal Samsudin and Ing Khieng Tiong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:188

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Radiotherapy has been shown to cause malfunction of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, and there are few studies of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and radiotherapy. We report an unusual case of ...

    Authors: Jeong Won Lee and Ki Ho Seol

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:187

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by an intrinsic insulin deficiency resulting from the severe destruction of pancreatic β cells and it rapidly leads to ketoacidosis. However, the association between ...

    Authors: Takahiro Hayakawa, Yoshio Nakano, Kana Hayakawa, Hiroaki Yoshimatu, Yoshikazu Hori, Kazuki Yamanishi, Hirofumi Yamanishi, Takayuki Ota and Tokuzo Fujimoto

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:186

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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