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  1. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder characterized pathologically by the presence of non-caseating granulomas in involved tissues. Depressed cellular immunity predisposes patients to infections ...

    Authors: Georgios S Papaetis, Angelos Pefanis, Solon Solomon, Ioannis Tsangarakis, Dora Orphanidou and Apostolos Achimastos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:226
  2. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and feeding jejunostomy are used for providing long-term nutritional support to patients with neurological disorders. Various mechanical complications of these procedures ar...

    Authors: Nicholas A Stylianides, Ravindra S Date, Kishor G Pursnani and Jeremy B Ward
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:224
  3. Goodpasture's syndrome consists of a triad of pulmonary hemorrhage, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies, either in circulation or fixed to the kid...

    Authors: Arunachalam Ramaswami, Thiraviyam Kandaswamy, Tholappan Rajendran, Hla Aung, Chakko K Jacob, Haji Shaukat Zinna and Pemasiri Upali Telesinge
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:223
  4. Tumor rupture and pulmonary metastasis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma are both associated with poor prognosis and treatment strategies are controversial.

    Authors: Kai-Lun Shih, Yang-Yuan Chen, Tsung-Han Teng and Maw-Soan Soon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:222
  5. Influenza virus-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy is a severe childhood illness with a poor prognosis. Adult case reports are rare and, to date, there have been no reports of adults with a mild subcortica...

    Authors: En Kimura, Sadahisa Okamoto, Yuji Uchida, Tomoo Hirahara, Tokunori Ikeda, Teruyuki Hirano and Makoto Uchino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:220
  6. Primary neoplastic lesions presenting with a mucocele of the appendix are very rare and can be divided into benign variants of mucinous adenomas or cystadenomas, mucinous tumours of uncertain malignant potenti...

    Authors: Andreas Krieg, Jan Schulte am Esch 2nd, Ludger W Poll, Stefan Braunstein and Wolfram T Knoefel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:218
  7. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy can result in severe disability with only one in five patients able to fully resume prior activities. Therefore, it is important to diagnose this condition early and begin appropri...

    Authors: Nnamdi Nwaejike, HAP Archbold and Darrin S Wilson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:216
  8. Hydrocarbon pneumonitis is an acute, intense pneumonitis resulting from aspiration of volatile hydrocarbon compounds with low viscosity and surface tension, most of which are members of the paraffin, naphthene...

    Authors: Efrosyni Mylonaki, Vasileios Voutsas, Dimitrios Antoniou, Despina Papakosta, Theodoros Kontakiotis, Anna Skordalaki, Evagelos Vafiadis and Pandora Christaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:214
  9. Kaposi's sarcoma is a vascular neoplasm mainly affecting the skin of the lower extremities. Although it is the most common neoplasm affecting patients with AIDS, sporadic cases in HIV-negative people have been...

    Authors: Christophoros Kosmidis, Christopher Efthimiadis, Georgios Anthimidis, Georgia karayannopoulou, Marios Grigoriou, Kalliopi Vassiliadou, Eleni Berovali, Panagiotis Fachantidis and Epaminondas Fahantidis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:213
  10. Independent lung ventilation is a form of protective ventilation strategy used in adult asymmetric acute lung injury, where the application of conventional mechanical ventilation can produce ventilator-induced...

    Authors: Matteo Di Nardo, Daniela Perrotta, Francesca Stoppa, Corrado Cecchetti, Marco Marano and Nicola Pirozzi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:212
  11. Growth retardation is one of the cardinal manifestations of glycogen storage disease type Ia. It is unclear which component of the growth hormone and/or insulin-like growth factor axis is primarily disrupted, ...

    Authors: Selcuk Dagdelen, Aysegul Atmaca, Ayfer Alikasifoglu and Tomris Erbas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:210
  12. Francisella tularensis, a facultative intracellular Gram-negative bacterium, has rarely been reported as an agent of pericarditis, generally described as a complication of tularemia sepsis. F. tularensis is a fa...

    Authors: Cécile Landais, Pierre-Yves Levy, Gilbert Habib and Didier Raoult
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:206
  13. Mitral annular calcification is a common echocardiographic finding, especially in the elderly. Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus, however, is a relatively rare variant, having an echocardiographic pr...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Paolo G Pino, Herribert Pavaci, Martina Sordi and Francesco Musumeci
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:205
  14. This case illustrates the unusual complication of granulomatous peritonitis following rupture of a dermoid cyst in pregnancy resembling disseminated ovarian carcinoma. To the best of the authors' knowledge, th...

    Authors: Sachchidananda Maiti, Zamurrad Fatima, ZK Anjum and RE Hopkins
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:203
  15. It has been stated that regulation of the development of the iliac bone is different from that of the ischium and pubis. There are well-known clinical syndromes concerned with hypoplasia of ischiopubic bone, s...

    Authors: Aly Saber
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:202
  16. The presentation of cystic fibrosis is dependant upon which organs are affected. Common presentations include chronic respiratory infections and malabsorption. Patients with atypical disease tend to present la...

    Authors: Deepak Joshi, Anil Dhawan, Alistair J Baker and Michael A Heneghan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:201
  17. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a small vessel vasculitis that affects mainly the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. The central nervous system is also occasionally affected, although the majority o...

    Authors: Lazarus Karamadoukis, Linmarie Ludeman and Anthony J Williams
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:200
  18. The differential diagnoses of acute abdomen in children include common and rare pathologies. Within this list, different types of bezoars causing gastrointestinal obstruction have been reported in the literatu...

    Authors: Abdulzahra Hussain, Hind Mahmood, Tarun Singhal and Shamsi El-Hasani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:199
  19. A large part of research into drug addiction focuses on mesolimbic dopamine circuitry; however, both alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid and/or kainate and dopamine D2 receptors can play a...

    Authors: Beatriz Arbaizar, Inés Gómez-Acebo and Javier Llorca
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:198
  20. Gastrojejunocolic (GJC) fistulae represent a significant post-surgical cause of morbidity and mortality. GJC fistulae represent rare post-surgical complications, and most are associated with gastric surgery. I...

    Authors: Jin-Ming Wu, Ming-Yang Wang, Po-Huang Lee and Ming-Tsan Lin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:193
  21. Nerve sheath tumours of the kidney are particularly rare and, in the few reported cases, are all situated in the hilar region.

    Authors: Mona El-Bahrawy, Bijan Khoubehi and David Hrouda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:189
  22. Simultaneous bilateral cerebrovascular infarction is relatively rare and its initial presentation as a space-occupying lesion is extremely uncommon. However, bilateral infarction can result from unilateral occ...

    Authors: Brian F. Menezes, Beverley Cheserem, Jothy Kandasamy and Donnacha O'Brien
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:188
  23. Immediate-type hypersensitivity to glucocorticosteroids is rare but well known among allergists. Surprisingly, very few reports of glucocorticosteroid hypersensitivity in children exist although glucocorticost...

    Authors: Sylvia Lehmann and Hagen Ott
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:186
  24. Vertical-banded gastroplasty, a technique that is commonly performed in the treatment of morbid obesity, represents a nonadjustable restrictive procedure which reduces the volume of the upper stomach by a vert...

    Authors: Christopher Soll, Markus K. Müller, Stefan Wildi, Pierre-Alain Clavien and Markus Weber
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:185
  25. Staphylococcus simulans is a common animal pathogen that occasionally can colonize human skin. Unlike other coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. simulans tends to cause more severe infections that resemble those...

    Authors: Natalia Vallianou, Angelos Evangelopoulos, Polyxeni Makri, Georgios Zacharias, Panagiota Stefanitsi, Athanasios Karachalios and Peter C. Avgerinos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:183
  26. The optimum management of a capillary haemangioblastoma affecting the optic nerve head is not clear. A number of treatment modalities have been used to treat the tumours and their consequences. Ocular haemangi...

    Authors: Timothy A. de Klerk and David H. W. Steel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:182
  27. Alport Syndrome has a prevalence of 1 case per 5,000 people and 85% of patients have the X-linked form, where affected males develop renal failure and usually have high-tone sensorineural deafness by age 20. T...

    Authors: Ghassem Amir Aslanzadeh, Davoud Gharabaghi and Niloofar Naderi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:178
  28. Respiratory failure may develop during the later stages of pregnancy and is usually associated with tocolysis or other co-existing conditions such as pneumonia, sepsis, pre-eclampsia or amniotic fluid embolism...

    Authors: Vasilios E. Papaioannou, Christos Dragoumanis, Vassiliki Theodorou, Dimitrios Konstantonis and Ioannis Pneumatikos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:177

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