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  1. Involution of lactation is a physiological process. Rarely, it may be delayed and troublesome for the lactating woman. Though lactation-induced changes in breast are well known, morphological features of delay...

    Authors: Yashwant Kumar, Alka Chahal, Monika Garg, Alka Bhatia, NC Mahajan and Anil Ganju
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:327
  2. Although diagnostic ureterorenoscopy is a minimally invasive and effective diagnostic procedure, it has the potential for significant postoperative complications. We report the first case in the literature of ...

    Authors: Michael Seitz, Tobias Waggershauser and Wael Khoder
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:326
  3. Amebiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica. It most commonly results in asymptomatic colonization of the gastrointestinal tract, but some patients develop intestinal invasive or extra-intest...

    Authors: TS Papavramidis, K Sapalidis, D Pappas, G Karagianopoulou, A Trikoupi, Ch Souleimanis and ST Papavramidis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:325
  4. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia worldwide. Pica, the ingestion of substances that are inappropriate for consumption, is associated with iron deficiency and may be under-diagnosed.

    Authors: Christophe von Garnier, Holger Stünitz, Michael Decker, Edouard Battegay and Andreas Zeller
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:324
  5. Gastric outlet obstruction usually presents with non-bilious vomiting, colicky epigastric pain, loss of appetite and occasionally, upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Causes can be classified as benign or maligna...

    Authors: Edmund Leung, Ruth Barnes and Ling Wong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:323
  6. Patients with metastatic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of salivary glands have a poor outcome. The epidermal growth factor receptor protein is overexpressed in approximately 70% of mucoepidermoid carcinoma patients...

    Authors: Salvatore Grisanti, Vito Amoroso, Michela Buglione, Anna Rosati, Roberto Gatta, Claudio Pizzocaro, Vittorio D Ferrari and Giovanni Marini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:320
  7. Glycogen storage disease type Ib is an autosomal recessive transmitted disorder of glycogen metabolism caused by mutations in the glucose-6-phosphate translocase gene on chromosome 11q23 and leads to disturbed...

    Authors: Thomas Schroeder, Barbara Hildebrandt, Ertan Mayatepek, Ulrich Germing and Rainer Haas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:319
  8. Lipoma is the most frequent benign tumor of the soft tissue. This lesion is often asymptomatic except in cases of enormous masses compressing nervous-vascular structures. Although the diagnosis is mostly clini...

    Authors: Giuseppe Nigri, Mario Dente, Stefano Valabrega, Giacomo Beccaria, Paolo Aurello, Francesco D'Angelo, Francesco Di Marzo and Giovanni Ramacciato
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:318
  9. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a life-saving intervention. Nevertheless, complications have a major impact. We review the evidence from case reports for risk factors of complications after en...

    Authors: Felix JV Schlösser, Geert JMG van der Heijden, Yolanda van der Graaf, Frans L Moll and Hence JM Verhagen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:317
  10. We describe an original case of progressive severe dysphagia caused by a posterior mediastinal metastatic melanoma of unknown origin. To the best of our knowledge, such an event has never been described before...

    Authors: Elisa Meacci, Antonino Mulè, Alfredo Cesario, Claudia Maggiore and Stefano Margaritora
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:316
  11. Lactobacilli are currently proposed as probiotic agents in several dietary products. In blood cultures, they are usually considered as contaminants, but in recent years they have been recognized as causal infe...

    Authors: Chiara Tommasi, Francesco Equitani, Marcello Masala, Milva Ballardini, Marco Favaro, Marcello Meledandri, Carla Fontana, Pasquale Narciso and Emanuele Nicastri
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:315
  12. Juvenile polyposis syndrome(JPS) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited condition. Hamartomatous polyps can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract but usually predominate in the colon. In this case report we...

    Authors: Steven Kelly, Simon Dwerryhouse, Peter Safranek and Richard Hardwick
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:314
  13. Despite being reported rarely, renal cell carcinoma is the third most frequent neoplasm to metastasize to the head and neck region preceded only by breast and lung cancer. Little information exists regarding t...

    Authors: Thomas Anthony Will, Neena Agarwal and Guy Joseph Petruzzelli
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:313
  14. Clinical decision making can be challenging for both generalists and specialists. Case reports may assist the decision making process either by providing guidance to generalists on identifying rarer conditions...

    Authors: Geoff Wong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:311
  15. Cystic lymphangiomas are uncommon tumors that can arise from any part of the body. They can pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. They are more common in infants and children than adults. Broad ligament...

    Authors: K Harish, SR Karthik and CS Manjunath
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:310
  16. Double primary bronchogenic carcinoma and papillary carcinoma of the thyroid are extremely rare. We describe the case of a patient who underwent surgical resection for these two cancers.

    Authors: Jen-Hsun Cheng, Ying-Chieh Huang, Chih Kuo, Yih-Shyong Lai, Tzu-Ching Wu, Thomas Chang-Yao Tsao, Shi-Ping Luh and Chong-Bin Tsai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:309
  17. Benign metastasising leiomyoma refers to a type of lesion characterised by leiomyomatous alterations without any indication of malignancy. It presents as either a singular nodule or multiple nodules of prolife...

    Authors: Ambrogio P Londero, Patrizia Perego, Costantino Mangioni, Ralph J Lellé, Franco Londero and Diego Marchesoni
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:308
  18. Popliteal venous aneurysms are uncommon but potentially fatal vascular disorders. They can be symptomatic or asymptomatic, mimicking different conditions. Popliteal venous aneurysms are possible sources of emb...

    Authors: Emmanouil K Symvoulakis, Spyridon Klinis, Ioannis Peteinarakis, Dimitrios Kounalakis, Nikos Antonakis, Emmanouil Tsafantakis and Christos Lionis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:307
  19. Tennis elbow is a common musculoskeletal disorder; management options include physiotherapeutic, medical, surgical, and other forms of intervention. Some patients remain symptomatic despite best efforts. We pr...

    Authors: Zaid Ahmad Wani, Shabir Ahmad Dhar, Mohammad Farooq Butt, Yasir Hassan Rather and Shano Sheikh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:305
  20. Collecting duct carcinoma is a rare type of renal cell carcinoma. The primary is difficult to diagnose on imaging, and metastases are often present on initial presentation. Extensive multiorgan metastases can ...

    Authors: Hisao Nakamura, Yasuyuki Kuirhara, Kazuhiko Matsushita, Akehide Sakai, Toshio Yamaguchi and Yasuo Nakajima
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:304
  21. Operations on the common bile duct may lead to potentially serious complications such as biliary peritonitis. T-tube insertion is performed to reduce the risk of this occurring postoperatively. Biliary leakage...

    Authors: Marko Nikolić, Alan Karthikesalingam, Senthil Nachimuthu, Tjun Y Tang and Adrian M Harris
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:302
  22. Several neoplasms of the adipose tissue can involve the soft tissues of the head and neck region. These neoplasms are mainly treated surgically and an accurate histological examination is mandatory for a preci...

    Authors: Saverio Capodiferro, Eugenio Maiorano, Francesco Scarpelli and Gianfranco Favia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:301
  23. Metformin is a widely prescribed biguanide antidiabetic drug that has been implicated as a cause of hemolytic anemia in three previous case reports. We report a case of rapidly fatal hemolysis that was tempora...

    Authors: Clifford D Packer, Thomas R Hornick and Sarah A Augustine
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:300
  24. Nutritional optic neuropathies are uncommon and can be associated with gradual visual loss and optic atrophy or sudden vision loss and optic disc swelling.

    Authors: Punyanganie de Silva, Gerard Jayamanne and Robin Bolton
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:299
  25. Sciatica is a common problem, usually caused by disc herniation or spinal stenosis. Low back pain is also present in most cases. When sciatica is the unique clinical finding, especially in young patients, extr...

    Authors: Elias C Panagiotopoulos, Spyros A Syggelos, Athanasios Plotas, Gregorios Tsigkas and Panagiotis Dimopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:298
  26. Hip fracture fixation surgery in patients with below-knee amputations poses a challenging problem to the surgeon in terms of obtaining traction for reduction of the fracture. The absence of the foot and part o...

    Authors: Ulfin Rethnam, Rajam Sheeja Yesupalan, Amer Shoaib and Thanga K Ratnam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:296
  27. Scrotal leiomyomas are rare tumours which are essentially benign. Recurrence and malignant transformation to leiomyosarcoma have been reported. However, a specific subgroup with increased bizarre nuclei showin...

    Authors: Joe Philip, Ramaswamy Manikandan, Palaniswamy Vishwanathan and Joseph Mathew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:295
  28. Small smooth objects that enter the gut nearly always pass uneventfully through the gastrointestinal tract. Retention of foreign objects may occur due to congenital obstructive anomaly of the gut.

    Authors: Pravas Chandra Subudhi, Shivaram Prasad Singh, Chudamani Meher and Omprakash Agrawal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:293
  29. Atrial fibrillation was previously reported in patients with esophageal cancer as a complication of total esophagectomy or photodynamic therapy. Here, we propose that atrial fibrillation may also be caused by ...

    Authors: Ulas Darda Bayraktar, Alix Dufresne, Soley Bayraktar, Roland Royston Purcell and Ofem Ibiah Ajah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:292
  30. Clear cell neoplasms of the jaw are very infrequent and a review of the literature reports only isolated cases of metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma of the jaw.

    Authors: Giulio Gasparini, Roberto Boniello, Alessandro Moro, Francesco Federico, Federica Castri and Sandro Pelo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:290
  31. The occurrence of cytomegalovirus colitis is well known in immunosuppressed patients, such as neoplastic patients following chemotherapy, although its exact etiology remains unclear.

    Authors: Fuminori Teraishi, Hiroshi Shimamura, Takeo Suzuki, Masako Nakamoto, Akira Chikuba, Masashi Nezu, Shun Kohsaka, Takao Takiue and Hiroshi Chikuba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:289
  32. Disk battery ingestions can lead to serious complications including airway or digestive tract perforation, blood vessel erosions, mediastinitis, and stricture formation.

    Authors: Muhammad A Altaf, Praveen S Goday and Grzegorz Telega
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:286
  33. Osteoid osteoma is a benign tumor of the growing skeleton. It presents with pain, which is usually worse at night. The radiographic features consist of a central oval or round nidus surrounded first by a radio...

    Authors: Efstathios Chronopoulos, Fragiskos N Xypnitos, Vassilios S Nikolaou, Nicolas Efstathopoulos and Dimitrios Korres
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:285
  34. Acquired partial lipodystrophy or Barraquer-Simons syndrome is a rare form of progressive lipodystrophy. The etiopathogenesis of adipose tissue atrophy in these patients is unknown.

    Authors: Jordi P Guallar, Ricardo Rojas-Garcia, Elena Garcia-Arumi, Joan C Domingo, Eduardo Gallardo, Antoni L Andreu, Pere Domingo, Isabel Illa, Marta Giralt and Francesc Villarroya
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:284
  35. Insulin allergy may occur in patients treated with subcutaneous applications of insulin preparations. Besides additives in the insulin preparation such as protamine, cresol, and phenol, the insulin molecule it...

    Authors: Claudia Pföhler, Cornelia S L Müller, Dirk O Hasselmann and Wolfgang Tilgen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:283
  36. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman with a seronegative rheumatoid arthritis who developed pustular psoriasis whilst on etanercept and subsequently developed disseminated herpes simplex on infliximab.

    Authors: Elizabeth Ann Justice, Sophia Yasmin Khan, Sarah Logan and Paresh Jobanputra
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:282
  37. Dermal sinus tracts are rare congenital lesions located in the midline characterized by a cutaneous pit or dimple. They occur all along the midline neuroaxis, from the nasion and occipital area down to the lum...

    Authors: Mostafa El Khashab, Farideh Nejat and Abolhasan Ertiaei
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:281
  38. Fibroepithelial polyps of the ureter are benign tumors arising from the mesodermal tissue in the ureteral wall. Their etiology remains unknown. Hematuria and obstructive urinary symptoms are the most common fi...

    Authors: Tahsin Turunc, Baris Kuzgunbay and Tuba Canpolat
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:280

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