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  1. Lemierre's syndrome is septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein leading to metastatic septic complications following an oropharyngeal infection. It is usually caused by the anaerobe, Fusobacterium nec...

    Authors: Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Paramasivan Piramanayagam, Amit Banga, Rajiva Gupta and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:374
  2. Cystic fibrosis afflicted lungs support the growth of many bacteria rarely implicated in other cases of human infections.

    Authors: Magalie Menuet, Fadi Bittar, Nathalie Stremler, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Jacques Sarles, Didier Raoult and Jean-Marc Rolain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:373
  3. Malignant ascites is often a sign of a terminal stage in several malignant diseases. To control ascites, drainage and intra-abdominal chemotherapy are often used in those patients but eradication of ascites is...

    Authors: Hideki Kimura, Toshihiko Iizasa, Aki Ishikawa, Mitsuru Yoshino, Masato Shingyouji, Masaki Kimura, Tetushi Hirata, Akiko Odaka and Keiko Matsubayasi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:372
  4. Acute patellar dislocation is a relatively common problem. The most common dislocation is laterally in the coronal plane. Sometimes spontaneous reduction occurs, but if not, closed reduction can easily be done...

    Authors: Frederick Michels, Nicole Pouliart and Dirk Oosterlinck
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:371
  5. Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection is associated with a range of neurological conditions. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare presentation; acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is the common...

    Authors: Derek J Sloan, Andrew Nicolson, Alastair RO Miller, Nick J Beeching and Mike BJ Beadsworth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:370
  6. Capnocytophaga are a genus of bacteria that have been found to be the causative organisms in a range of infections, including serious conditions such as bacteraemia, endocarditis and meningitis. This has been es...

    Authors: Jonathan M Mills, Emma Lofthouse, Phil Roberts and Johannis A Karas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:369
  7. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is an immune-mediated syndrome that typically has a rapidly progressive course that can result in pancytopenia, coagulopathy, multi-system organ failure and death.

    Authors: Kathryn Chan, Eric Behling, David S Strayer, William S Kocher and Scott K Dessain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:367
  8. Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare pathology of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in the mesentery. Its protean clinical and radiological manifestations make it a diagnostic challenge....

    Authors: Abdul M Zafar, Muhamad A Rauf, Tabish Chawla and Gule Khanda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:365
  9. Lung cancer is currently one of the most common malignancies in the world. Early detection is an important prognostic factor. Unfortunately, initial symptoms may be vague and a substantial proportion of cases ...

    Authors: Matthew A Embley, Rebecca B Goody and Mahmood Mughrabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:364
  10. Hydrocoele is a condition frequently encountered in adult urological practice. It is usually of benign aetiology and often diagnosed on clinical grounds. Surgical repair, if indicated, is generally straightfor...

    Authors: George Yardy, Akkib Rafique, Iain Sellers, Lawrence Berman and Nigel Bullock
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:363
  11. Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) is known to be caused by high-dose corticosteroid therapy, alcoholism and rarely by infections. However, a tubercular etiology of this condition is very rare. A review of the...

    Authors: Renu Agarwal, Ruchika Gupta, Sompal Singh, Kusum Gupta and Madhur Kudesia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:361
  12. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare condition that requires treatment by whole-lung lavage. We report a case of severe pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and discuss a safe and effective strategy for the anae...

    Authors: Stephen T Webb, Adrian JR Evans, A James Varley and Andrew A Klein
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:360
  13. Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The resulting large cysts in the lung are a special clinical entity called giant hydatid cysts.

    Authors: Nagi Homesh Ghallab and Ali Ali Alsabahi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:359
  14. Case reports are important instruments to describe rare disease conditions and give a rough estimation of their global incidence. Even though collected in international databases, most case reports are publish...

    Authors: Martin W Dünser, Otgon Bataar, Albert H Rusher, Walter R Hasibeder and Ganbat Tsenddorj
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:358
  15. Herpes simplex infection is most commonly a benign, self-limiting disease with mucocutaneous lesions and mild viremia. Immunosuppressed patients are at a higher risk of disseminated infection, as are neonates ...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan and Lindsey Harle
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:356
  16. Monosomy 1p36 is one of the most common terminal deletion syndromes, with an approximate incidence of 1 in every 5000 live births. This syndrome is associated with several pronounced clinical features includin...

    Authors: Gregory J. Fitzgibbon, Jill Clayton-Smith, Siddharth Banka, Susan J. Hamilton, Margaret M. Needham, Jonathan K. Dore, Jake T. Miller, Gareth D. Pawson and Lorraine Gaunt
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:355
  17. Predictive genetic screening and regular screening programs in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 are intended to detect and treat malignant tumors at the earliest stage possible. Malignant neur...

    Authors: Jens Waldmann, Nils Habbe, Volker Fendrich, Emily P. Slater, Peter H. Kann, Matthias Rothmund and Peter Langer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:354
  18. Diabetic hemichorea-hemiballismus is a rare complication of type 2 diabetes. Here, we report a case with type 1 diabetes, with hemichorea and bilateral dystonia manifested as hyperglycemia-induced involuntary ...

    Authors: Akihiro Yasuhara, Jun Wada and Hirofumi Makino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:352
  19. Pleomorphic adenomas are the most common benign tumour of the major salivary glands. In addition, they may also occur in the minor salivary glands of the hard and soft palate. Intranasal pleomorphic adenomas a...

    Authors: Polycarp Gana and Liam Masterson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:349
  20. Devic's neuromyelitis optica is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that targets the optic nerves and spinal cord. It has a worldwide distribution and distinctive features that distinguish it from multiple s...

    Authors: Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Edward O. Komolafe, Taofiki A. Sunmonu, S. O. Olateju, C. M. Asaleye, Olufemi A. Adesina and S. A. Badmus
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:348
  21. Dermatosis neglecta is an often misdiagnosed and under-diagnosed condition. In dermatosis neglecta, a progressive accumulation of sebum, sweat, keratin and other dirt and debris, occurs due to inadequate local...

    Authors: Syed Nurul Rasool Qadir, Amer Ejaz and Naeem Raza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:347
  22. Gastric volvulus is a rare condition. Presenting acutely, mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus has characteristic symptoms and may be easily detected with upper gastrointestinal contrast studies. In contrast, subac...

    Authors: Colin Yi-Loong Woon, Alexander Yaw-Fui Chung, Albert Su-Chong Low and Wai-Keong Wong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:343
  23. Distal arterial embolisation and subsequent aneurysm formation are rare occurrences and most are secondary to trauma. We have found no case reports that describe posterior tibial aneurysm formation secondary t...

    Authors: S Patel, N D'Souza, SV Gurjar, JC Hewes and W Edrees
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:341
  24. The use of anabolic supplements and other related drugs for body building and to enhance athletic performance is nowadays widespread and acutely pervasive all around the world. This alarming increase in the us...

    Authors: Ali A Samaha, Walid Nasser-Eddine, Elizabeth Shatila, John J Haddad, Jaafar Wazne and Ali H Eid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:340
  25. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome is a complication of group A streptococcal infection, most often originating from the skin. The syndrome is characterized by fever, hypotension and multiple organ failure. Mo...

    Authors: Henrik Endeman, David A. Ligtenstein and Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:338
  26. Transfusion-related acute lung injury is emerging as a common cause of transfusion-related adverse events. However, awareness about this entity in the medical fraternity is low and it, consequently, remains a ...

    Authors: Altaf Gauhar Haji, Shekhar Sharma, D. K. Vijaykumar and Jerry Paul
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:336
  27. The recognition of neonatal intestinal perforation relies on identification of free gas in the peritoneum on plain abdominal radiographs and the associated clinical signs. The neonatal bowel takes several hour...

    Authors: Martin J. Gillies, Moti M. Chowdhury and Kokila Lakhoo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:335
  28. Schwannoma arising from the glossopharyngeal nerve is a rare intracranial tumor. Fewer than 40 cases have been reported. Accurate pre-operative diagnosis and optimal treatment are still difficult.

    Authors: Hongyu Zhao, Xiaodong Li, Qingjie Lv, Yuhui Yuan and Hongwei Yu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:334
  29. There are only a few reports on laparoscopic pyeloplasty in kidney abnormalities and only one case for laparoscopic pyeloplasty in a duplicated system. Increasing experience in laparoscopic techniques allows p...

    Authors: Konstantinos G. Stravodimos, Ioannis Anastasiou, Ioannis Adamakis, Theodoros Kapetanakis, Georgios Koritsiadis and Constantinos Constantinides
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:333
  30. Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy is a minimally invasive technique that has been used increasingly in the treatment of mammographically detected, non-palpable breast lesions. Clip placement at the biopsy site is ...

    Authors: George C. Zografos, Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N. Sergentanis, Marios Panou, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Georgia Giannakopoulou, George M. Filippakis, George Papadimitriou and Sophia Stamouli
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:332
  31. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are a group of neurodegenerative diseases of humans and animals. Genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases, in which mutations in the PRNP gene predispose to disease by causing ...

    Authors: Jing Ye, Jun Han, Qi Shi, Bao-Yun Zhang, Gui-Rong Wang, Chan Tian, Chen Gao, Jian-Min Chen, Cun-Jiang Li, Zheng Liu, Xian-Zhang Li, Lai-Zhong Zhang and Xiao-Ping Dong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:331
  32. Involution of lactation is a physiological process. Rarely, it may be delayed and troublesome for the lactating woman. Though lactation-induced changes in breast are well known, morphological features of delay...

    Authors: Yashwant Kumar, Alka Chahal, Monika Garg, Alka Bhatia, NC Mahajan and Anil Ganju
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:327

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