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  1. Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neoplasms composed of mature adipocytes, usually surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. They are uncommon intra-oral tumors with 1% to 4% occurring in this region. The literature ...

    Authors: Adeyi A Adoga, Tonga L Nimkur, Agabus N Manasseh and Godwin O Echejoh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:382
  2. Nerve damage in leprosy patients leads to deformities and disabilities. Oral corticosteroids are given early to prevent permanent injury. We present a new approach to treat well-established nerve damage with l...

    Authors: Sherine G Nashed, Tarek A Rageh, Emad S Attallah-Wasif and Alaa A Abd-Elsayed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:381
  3. Acute renal failure in multiple myeloma is most frequently caused by cast nephropathy, when excess monoclonal free light chains co-precipitate with Tamm-Horsfall protein in the distal nephron, causing tubular ...

    Authors: Kolitha Basnayake, Colin Hutchison, Dia Kamel, Michael Sheaff, Neil Ashman, Mark Cook, Heather Oakervee, Arthur Bradwell and Paul Cockwell
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:380
  4. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has increasingly been reported in the medical literature in recent years. Much is still unknown regarding risk factors and clinical relationships. We contribute this case report to the...

    Authors: Tara C Gangadhar, Elisabeth Von der Lohe, Stephen G Sawada and Paul R Helft
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:379
  5. Penetrating injuries of the hand with various sharp objects have previously been reported. In this report we describe an unusual penetrating injury of the hand caused by a door handle.

    Authors: Kiran Singisetti, Michail Kokkinakis and Nanjappa Shankar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:377
  6. Scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign entity defined as the presence of multiple calcified nodules within the scrotal skin. There are controversies about the origin of this entity. In fact, it is still debatable...

    Authors: Alper Parlakgumus, Emine T Canpolat, Kenan Calıskan, Tamer Colakoglu, Sedat Yıldırım, Ali Ezer and Turgut Noyan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:375
  7. Lemierre's syndrome is septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein leading to metastatic septic complications following an oropharyngeal infection. It is usually caused by the anaerobe, Fusobacterium nec...

    Authors: Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Paramasivan Piramanayagam, Amit Banga, Rajiva Gupta and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:374
  8. Cystic fibrosis afflicted lungs support the growth of many bacteria rarely implicated in other cases of human infections.

    Authors: Magalie Menuet, Fadi Bittar, Nathalie Stremler, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Jacques Sarles, Didier Raoult and Jean-Marc Rolain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:373
  9. Malignant ascites is often a sign of a terminal stage in several malignant diseases. To control ascites, drainage and intra-abdominal chemotherapy are often used in those patients but eradication of ascites is...

    Authors: Hideki Kimura, Toshihiko Iizasa, Aki Ishikawa, Mitsuru Yoshino, Masato Shingyouji, Masaki Kimura, Tetushi Hirata, Akiko Odaka and Keiko Matsubayasi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:372
  10. Acute patellar dislocation is a relatively common problem. The most common dislocation is laterally in the coronal plane. Sometimes spontaneous reduction occurs, but if not, closed reduction can easily be done...

    Authors: Frederick Michels, Nicole Pouliart and Dirk Oosterlinck
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:371
  11. Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection is associated with a range of neurological conditions. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare presentation; acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is the common...

    Authors: Derek J Sloan, Andrew Nicolson, Alastair RO Miller, Nick J Beeching and Mike BJ Beadsworth
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:370
  12. Capnocytophaga are a genus of bacteria that have been found to be the causative organisms in a range of infections, including serious conditions such as bacteraemia, endocarditis and meningitis. This has been es...

    Authors: Jonathan M Mills, Emma Lofthouse, Phil Roberts and Johannis A Karas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:369
  13. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is an immune-mediated syndrome that typically has a rapidly progressive course that can result in pancytopenia, coagulopathy, multi-system organ failure and death.

    Authors: Kathryn Chan, Eric Behling, David S Strayer, William S Kocher and Scott K Dessain
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:367
  14. Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare pathology of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in the mesentery. Its protean clinical and radiological manifestations make it a diagnostic challenge....

    Authors: Abdul M Zafar, Muhamad A Rauf, Tabish Chawla and Gule Khanda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:365
  15. Lung cancer is currently one of the most common malignancies in the world. Early detection is an important prognostic factor. Unfortunately, initial symptoms may be vague and a substantial proportion of cases ...

    Authors: Matthew A Embley, Rebecca B Goody and Mahmood Mughrabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:364
  16. Hydrocoele is a condition frequently encountered in adult urological practice. It is usually of benign aetiology and often diagnosed on clinical grounds. Surgical repair, if indicated, is generally straightfor...

    Authors: George Yardy, Akkib Rafique, Iain Sellers, Lawrence Berman and Nigel Bullock
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:363
  17. Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) is known to be caused by high-dose corticosteroid therapy, alcoholism and rarely by infections. However, a tubercular etiology of this condition is very rare. A review of the...

    Authors: Renu Agarwal, Ruchika Gupta, Sompal Singh, Kusum Gupta and Madhur Kudesia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:361
  18. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare condition that requires treatment by whole-lung lavage. We report a case of severe pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and discuss a safe and effective strategy for the anae...

    Authors: Stephen T Webb, Adrian JR Evans, A James Varley and Andrew A Klein
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:360
  19. Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The resulting large cysts in the lung are a special clinical entity called giant hydatid cysts.

    Authors: Nagi Homesh Ghallab and Ali Ali Alsabahi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:359
  20. Case reports are important instruments to describe rare disease conditions and give a rough estimation of their global incidence. Even though collected in international databases, most case reports are publish...

    Authors: Martin W Dünser, Otgon Bataar, Albert H Rusher, Walter R Hasibeder and Ganbat Tsenddorj
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:358
  21. Herpes simplex infection is most commonly a benign, self-limiting disease with mucocutaneous lesions and mild viremia. Immunosuppressed patients are at a higher risk of disseminated infection, as are neonates ...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan and Lindsey Harle
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:356
  22. Monosomy 1p36 is one of the most common terminal deletion syndromes, with an approximate incidence of 1 in every 5000 live births. This syndrome is associated with several pronounced clinical features includin...

    Authors: Gregory J. Fitzgibbon, Jill Clayton-Smith, Siddharth Banka, Susan J. Hamilton, Margaret M. Needham, Jonathan K. Dore, Jake T. Miller, Gareth D. Pawson and Lorraine Gaunt
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:355
  23. Predictive genetic screening and regular screening programs in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 are intended to detect and treat malignant tumors at the earliest stage possible. Malignant neur...

    Authors: Jens Waldmann, Nils Habbe, Volker Fendrich, Emily P. Slater, Peter H. Kann, Matthias Rothmund and Peter Langer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:354
  24. Diabetic hemichorea-hemiballismus is a rare complication of type 2 diabetes. Here, we report a case with type 1 diabetes, with hemichorea and bilateral dystonia manifested as hyperglycemia-induced involuntary ...

    Authors: Akihiro Yasuhara, Jun Wada and Hirofumi Makino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:352
  25. Pleomorphic adenomas are the most common benign tumour of the major salivary glands. In addition, they may also occur in the minor salivary glands of the hard and soft palate. Intranasal pleomorphic adenomas a...

    Authors: Polycarp Gana and Liam Masterson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:349
  26. Devic's neuromyelitis optica is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that targets the optic nerves and spinal cord. It has a worldwide distribution and distinctive features that distinguish it from multiple s...

    Authors: Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Edward O. Komolafe, Taofiki A. Sunmonu, S. O. Olateju, C. M. Asaleye, Olufemi A. Adesina and S. A. Badmus
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:348
  27. Dermatosis neglecta is an often misdiagnosed and under-diagnosed condition. In dermatosis neglecta, a progressive accumulation of sebum, sweat, keratin and other dirt and debris, occurs due to inadequate local...

    Authors: Syed Nurul Rasool Qadir, Amer Ejaz and Naeem Raza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:347
  28. Gastric volvulus is a rare condition. Presenting acutely, mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus has characteristic symptoms and may be easily detected with upper gastrointestinal contrast studies. In contrast, subac...

    Authors: Colin Yi-Loong Woon, Alexander Yaw-Fui Chung, Albert Su-Chong Low and Wai-Keong Wong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:343
  29. Distal arterial embolisation and subsequent aneurysm formation are rare occurrences and most are secondary to trauma. We have found no case reports that describe posterior tibial aneurysm formation secondary t...

    Authors: S Patel, N D'Souza, SV Gurjar, JC Hewes and W Edrees
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:341
  30. The use of anabolic supplements and other related drugs for body building and to enhance athletic performance is nowadays widespread and acutely pervasive all around the world. This alarming increase in the us...

    Authors: Ali A Samaha, Walid Nasser-Eddine, Elizabeth Shatila, John J Haddad, Jaafar Wazne and Ali H Eid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:340
  31. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome is a complication of group A streptococcal infection, most often originating from the skin. The syndrome is characterized by fever, hypotension and multiple organ failure. Mo...

    Authors: Henrik Endeman, David A. Ligtenstein and Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:338
  32. Transfusion-related acute lung injury is emerging as a common cause of transfusion-related adverse events. However, awareness about this entity in the medical fraternity is low and it, consequently, remains a ...

    Authors: Altaf Gauhar Haji, Shekhar Sharma, D. K. Vijaykumar and Jerry Paul
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:336
  33. The recognition of neonatal intestinal perforation relies on identification of free gas in the peritoneum on plain abdominal radiographs and the associated clinical signs. The neonatal bowel takes several hour...

    Authors: Martin J. Gillies, Moti M. Chowdhury and Kokila Lakhoo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:335
  34. Schwannoma arising from the glossopharyngeal nerve is a rare intracranial tumor. Fewer than 40 cases have been reported. Accurate pre-operative diagnosis and optimal treatment are still difficult.

    Authors: Hongyu Zhao, Xiaodong Li, Qingjie Lv, Yuhui Yuan and Hongwei Yu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:334
  35. There are only a few reports on laparoscopic pyeloplasty in kidney abnormalities and only one case for laparoscopic pyeloplasty in a duplicated system. Increasing experience in laparoscopic techniques allows p...

    Authors: Konstantinos G. Stravodimos, Ioannis Anastasiou, Ioannis Adamakis, Theodoros Kapetanakis, Georgios Koritsiadis and Constantinos Constantinides
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:333

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