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  1. Sternoclavicular septic arthritis is a rare condition and accounts only for 1% of cases of septic arthritis in the general population. The most common risk factors are intravenous drug use, central-line infect...

    Authors: Iraklis E Katsoulis, Manuela Bossi, Nisal Damani and Jeremy I Livingstone
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:40
  2. The association of systemic lupus erythematosus with malignancies is an uncommon occurrence. We present the case of an osteosarcoma of the urinary bladder developing in a patient with a prolonged history of ac...

    Authors: Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Cigdem Himmetoglu, Sertac Yazici, Halil Kiziloz and Haluk Ozen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:39
  3. Abdominal pregnancy is a rare event, but one that represents a grave risk to the health of the pregnant woman. An abdominal pregnancy is defined as an ectopic pregnancy that implants in the peritoneal cavity. ...

    Authors: Bhandary Amritha, Thirunavukkarasu Sumangali, Ballal Priya, Shedde Deepak and Rai Sharadha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:38
  4. Bacterial infections may appear as sequelae of remote tuberculous infections, especially thoracic infections. The simultaneous appearance of tuberculosis and bacterial infection is not common, and, to our know...

    Authors: Ramón Rabuñal, Juan Corredoira, Rafael Monte and Amparo Coira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:37
  5. Lassa fever is an acute arena viral haemorrhagic fever with varied neurological sequelae. Sensorineural hearing loss is one of the rare complications which occur usually during the convalescent stage of the in...

    Authors: Peter O. Okokhere, Titus S. Ibekwe and George O. Akpede
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:36
  6. Synchronous composite tumors are uncommon. Simultaneous, rather than metachronous or consecutive, occurrences of eosinophilic granuloma and Hodgkin's lymphoma in children are very rare. This is the first repor...

    Authors: Soheila Sarmadi, Amir B. Heidari, Amir H. Sina and Mohammad A. Ehsani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:35
  7. Lower Spigelian hernia is a very rare entity. The clinical findings are similar to those of inguinal hernias and in many cases may be misdiagnosed. In the literature, only a few references to this entity have ...

    Authors: Efstratios Christianakis, Nikolaos Paschalidis, Georgios Filippou, Spiros Rizos, Dimitrios Smailis and Dimitrios Filippou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:34
  8. Femoral nerve compression due to a cystic lesion around the hip joint is rare and only a few cases have been described in the literature. Among these, true ganglion cysts are even more rare.

    Authors: Aydıner Kalacı, Yunus Dogramaci, Teoman Toni Sevinç and Ahmet Nedim Yanat
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:33
  9. Cutaneous metastases in the facial region occur in less than 0.5% of patients with metastatic cancer. They are an important finding and are not often the first sign leading to diagnosis.

    Authors: Nikolaos Barbetakis, Georgios Samanidis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Elpida Samanidou, Zoi Tzimorota, Christos Asteriou, Persefoni Xirou and Christodoulos Tsilikas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:32
  10. We report an unusual and interesting case of a 24-year-old woman with nephropathic cystinosis in association with concomitant isolated noncompaction of the left ventricle. Left ventricular noncompaction usuall...

    Authors: Ibrar Ahmed, Thanh Trung Phan, Graham W Lipkin and Michael Frenneaux
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:31
  11. Tuberculous pleural effusions are not always easy to diagnose but the presence of a lymphocyte-rich exudate associated with an increased adenosine deaminase level and a positive skin test result are highly sen...

    Authors: Carlos Fernández de Larrea, Aglae Duplat, Ismar Rivera-Olivero and Jacobus H de Waard
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:30
  12. Diverticulosis coli is the most common disease of the colon in Western countries. Giant colonic diverticulum, defined as a colonic diverticulum measuring 4 cm in size or larger, represents an unusual manifesta...

    Authors: Ayman S Abdelrazeq, Anwar E Owais, Munther I Aldoori and Ian D Botterill
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:29
  13. Branding refers to a process whereby third degree burns are inflicted on the skin with a hot iron rod or metallic object. Branding employs the phenomenon of "counter irritation," and is widely used by faith he...

    Authors: Shahzad Raza, Khalid Mahmood, Abdul Hakeem, Sylvie Polsky, Anna Haemel, Soniya Rai and Mahadi Ali Baig
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:25
  14. Although acute myocardial infarction is generally associated with obstructive coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction associated with normal coronary arteries is a well-known condition. The overall prev...

    Authors: Luigi Iuliano, Fausta Micheletta, Alessandro Napoli and Carlo Catalano
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:24
  15. Bronchobiliary fistula is an uncommon complication secondary to hepatobiliary surgery. Bilioptysis is a pathognomic finding for bronchobiliary fistulas. Diagnosis may be easily established in the light of clin...

    Authors: Unal Aydin, Pinar Yazici, Fatih Tekin, Omer Ozutemiz and Ahmet Coker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:23
  16. Echinococcosis and/or hydatidosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases in the world. In Turkey, echinococcosis is an endemic disease, however, hydatid disease of the lung is uncommon and usually caus...

    Authors: Celal Tekinbas, Suleyman Turedi, Abdulkadir Gunduz and M Muharrem Erol
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:21
  17. Acute kidney injury in the setting of adult minimal change disease is associated with proteinuria, hypertension and hyperlipidemia but anemia is usually absent. Renal biopsies exhibit foot process effacement a...

    Authors: Yimei Qian, Sushil K Mehandru, Nancy Gornish and Elliot Frank
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:20
  18. Hepatic artery aneurysms remain a clinically significant entity. Their incidence continues to rise slowly and mortality from spontaneous rupture is high. Repair is recommended in those aneurysms greater than 2...

    Authors: SS Jaunoo, TY Tang, C Uzoigwe, SR Walsh and ME Gaunt
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:18
  19. The improved survival of children with brain tumors has increased concerns about treatment-related sequelae. Growth hormone deficiency is frequently observed after craniospinal irradiation for medulloblastoma....

    Authors: Veronica Biassoni, Federica Pallotti, Filippo Spreafico, Ettore Seregni, Lorenza Gandola, Antonella Martinetti, Emilio Bombardieri and Maura Massimino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:17
  20. Bilateral macular hemorrhage is a rare ocular finding and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of such hemorrhages as a presentation of drug-induced anemia.

    Authors: Rubens N Belfort, Bruno F Fernandes, André Romano, Ricardo Nose, Jonathan Cools-Lartigue, Eduardo V Navajas, Garles MM Vieira, Renato Delascio Lopes and Rubens Belfort Jr
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:16
  21. Osteopetrosis introduces technical limitations to the traditional treatment of fracture management that may be minimised with specific pre-operative planning. Extreme care and caution are required when drillin...

    Authors: Imran Rafiq, Amit Kapoor, David JC Burton and John F Haines
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:15
  22. Fibrous dysplasia is a benign tumour of the bones and is a disease of unknown aetiology. This report discusses a case of proptosis and visual deterioration with associated bony mass involving the right orbit.

    Authors: Charles O Bekibele, Olubayo A Fasola, Vickie N Okojie, Opeyemi O Komolafe, Olayiwola A Oluwasola, Jude K Emejulu, Ayotunde I Ajaiyeoba and Aderonke M Baiyeroju
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:14
  23. The term "intracystic papillary ductal carcinoma in situ" has recently changed and is now more appropriately referred to "intracystic papillary carcinoma". Intracystic papillary carcinoma in men is an extremely r...

    Authors: Laszlo Romics Jr, M Emmet O'Brien, Norma Relihan, Fionnuala O'Connell and H Paul Redmond
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:13
  24. In Crohn's disease, the extension of active terminal ileitis into a Meckel's diverticulum is possible, but usually has no impact on clinical decision-making. We describe an original surgical approach in a youn...

    Authors: Frank Schwenter, Pascal Gervaz, Philippe de Saussure, Thomas McKee and Philippe Morel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:12
  25. Oral melanoacanthoma is a rare, benign pigmented lesion characterized clinically by the sudden appearance and rapid growth of a macular brown-black lesion and histologically by acanthosis of the superficial ep...

    Authors: Vidya Lakshminarayanan and Kannan Ranganathan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:11
  26. The existence of a graft-versus-lymphoma effect is well established. When lacking a firm diagnosis, however, the clinician is challenged to to weigh the potential benefits of the graft-versus-lymphoma effect a...

    Authors: Gerhard Behre, Thomas Weber, Sebastian Theurich and Maximilian Christopeit
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:10
  27. Williams syndrome is rare genetic disorder resulting in neurodevelopmental problems. Hernias of the foramen of Morgagni are rare diaphragmatic hernias and they mostly present on the right side, in the anterior...

    Authors: Farhan Rashid, Ramakrishna Chaparala, Javed Ahmed and Syed Y Iftikhar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7
  28. Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the third most common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma subtype. Clinical presentation is often insidious as a low-grade lesion and disease tends to remain localised f...

    Authors: Rowland Storey, Marcel Gatt and Ian Bradford
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6
  29. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute demyelinating disorder of the peripheral nervous system that results from an aberrant immune response directed at peripheral nerves. Autonomic abnormalities in Guillain-Barr...

    Authors: Mehul B Patel, Sandeep K Goyal, Sujeeth R Punnam, Khyati Pandya, Vipin Khetarpal and Ranjan K Thakur
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:5
  30. A case of Lactococcus lactis cremoris causing cholangitis is described. This Gram-positive organism is not routinely considered to be pathogenic in immunocompetent individuals. To our knowledge, this is the thirt...

    Authors: Jane Davies, Michael David Burkitt and Alastair Watson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:3
  31. Isolated cases of epicarditis are rare. Thus far, all have occurred with constrictive physiology as most cases involve both parietal and visceral pericardium. We report the first case of asymptomatic epicardit...

    Authors: Asa M Margolis, Andrew B Emmerman, Mario Rascon and Saima I Chaudhry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:2
  32. Risk of tendon rupture, especially of the Achilles tendon, is one of the many potential side-effects of fluoroquinolone therapy. Achilles tendon rupture may be painful, debilitating or, as seen in our patient,...

    Authors: Andrew W Gottschalk and John W Bachman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:1
  33. Double-steal syndrome represents a causative factor for blood flow compromise of the cerebral vascular bed with transient neurologic symptoms. We present the case of a patient with innominate artery atheroscle...

    Authors: Konstantinos Filis, Levon Toufektzian, Frangiska Sigala, Dimitrios Kardoulas, Aikaterini Kotzadimitriou, Emmanuel Lagoudianakis, Nikolaos Koronakis and Andreas Manouras
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:392
  34. The granulocyte-colony stimulating factor-producing tumor was first reported in 1977, however, anaplastic pleomorphic type carcinoma of the pancreas producing granulocyte-colony stimulating factor is still rare.

    Authors: Atsushi Nakajima, Hirokazu Takahashi, Masahiko Inamori, Yasunobu Abe, Noritoshi Kobayashi, Kensuke Kubota and Shoji Yamanaka
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:391
  35. A heterotopic pregnancy is defined as the presence of a combined intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy. Its estimated incidence is accepted as between 1/7000 and 1/30,000 pregnancies. It is also reported to be as...

    Authors: Abbas Honarbakhsh, Elham Khoori and Simin Mousavi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:390
  36. An "overlap syndrome" is defined as the sequential appearance over time of two or more risk factors for glaucomatous damage. The appearance of a new risk factor can alter the course and prognosis of previously...

    Authors: Verônica C Lima, Tiago S Prata, Jeffrey M Liebmann and Robert Ritch
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:389
  37. Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare disease resembling a mesenteric tumour. We present here a case of sclerosing mesenteritis that affected both the large and the small intestine of the patient. Therapeutic and ...

    Authors: Savvas Hiridis, Renos Hadgigeorgiou, Dimitrios Karakitsos and Andreas Karabinis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:388
  38. Herpes simplex encephalitis is a potentially lethal infection that should be recognised as soon as possible. The combination of clinical history and examination, brain computed tomography or magnetic resonance...

    Authors: Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas and Andrew M. L. Lever
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:387
  39. There are increasing reports of bowel cancer in cystic fibrosis, suggesting a possible causal link. Individuals with cystic fibrosis who have advanced lung disease present a high operative risk, limiting curat...

    Authors: Andrea N. Lees and David W. Reid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:384
  40. Achalasia cardia is characterized by failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax in response to swallowing and by an absence of peristalsis in the esophageal body. Absence of a gastric air bubble is a w...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan, S Jeevan Kumar and P Ratnakar Kini
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:383

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