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  1. The superficial ulnar artery is a rare variation of the upper limb arterial system that arises from the brachial or axillary artery and runs superficial to the muscles arising from the medial epicondyle [13]. Th...

    Authors: Kithsiri J Senanayake, Sujatha Salgado, Manjula J Rathnayake, Ranil Fernando and Kosala Somarathne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:128

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is commonly seen in the upper esophagus during endoscopyand is generally considered a benign disease. A hyperplastic polyp and an adenocarcinoma arising in heterotopic gastric ...

    Authors: Hakan Alagozlu, Meltem Ergun, Mehmet Cindoruk, Selahattin Unal, Sukru Dumlu, Aylar Poyraz and Ayse Dursun

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:127

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Unlike other agents used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, metformin has been shown to reduce mortality in obese patients. It is therefore being increasingly used in higher doses. The major concern...

    Authors: Joana Silvestre, Susana Carvalho, Vitor Mendes, Luis Coelho, Camila Tapadinhas, Pedro Ferreira, Pedro Povoa and Fatima Ceia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:126

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Epistaxis is the most common emergency presenting to the ENT surgeon. Here we present a case of epistaxis arising from the sphenopalatine artery in a patient who had previously had the ipsilateral external car...

    Authors: Tawakir Kamani, Simon Shaw, Ahmed Ali, George Manjaly and Martin Jeffree

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:125

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Rheumatoid nodules are common extra-articular findings occurring in 20% of rheumatoid arthritis patients. They develop most commonly subcutaneously in pressure areas (elbows and finger joints) and may occasion...

    Authors: Tahwinder Upile, Waseem Jerjes, Fabian Sipaul, Sandeep Singh, Colin Hopper, Anthony Wright and Ann Sandison

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:123

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure in children and is usually linked with Escherichia coli O157 infection. With a fatality rate of around 5%, some reports have as...

    Authors: Siddharthan Sivamurthy, John D Mooney and Tom D Kenny

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:122

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Graft-versus-host disease is one of the most frequent complications occurring after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Recently, renal involvement has been described as a manifestation of chronic graft-...

    Authors: Sandra Silva, José Maximino, Rui Henrique, Ana Paiva, Jorge Baldaia, Fernando Campilho, Pedro Pimentel and Alfredo Loureiro

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:121

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) has been recently proposed as an alternative tool in identifying myocardial viability and transmural distribution of necrosis in the myocardium.

    Authors: Mauro Feola, Gian Luca Rosso, Alberto Biggi, Stephane Chauvie, Giovanni Leonardi, Franca Margaria, Maurizio Grosso and Valeria Ferrero

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:120

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and associated myositis caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus pyogenes generally have a poor outcome despite aggressive operative treatment. Frequently the diagnosis...

    Authors: Thayur R Madhusudhan, Srivatsa Sambamurthy, Eileen Williams and Ian C Smith

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:118

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Amyloidosis is a rare disease characterised by the deposition of insoluble extracellular fibrillar proteins in various tissues of the body. The pattern of manifestation is organ dependent and also on whether t...

    Authors: Daniel D Kokong, Titus S Ibekwe, Clement A Okolo, Aliyu M Kodiya, James A Fasunla, Onyekwere G B Nwaorgu and Effiong E U Akang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:117

    Content type: Case report

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  11. We report a case of a 49-year-old male with a history of chronic alcoholism and evidence of a pancreatic pseudocyst on CT scanning. He presented with a 3-days history of fever, loss of appetite and upper abdom...

    Authors: Adriana Orzechowska, Sandra Lacey, Geraldine Soosay and Mark Melzer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:116

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Patients with solid malignant tumours are at increased risk of Pneumocystis jiroveci infection from immunosuppression as a result of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, but active Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in un...

    Authors: Cai Chuang, Xie Zhanhong, Gu Yinyin, Zeng Qingsi, Zhong Shuqing and Zhong Nanshan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:115

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Cytofluorographic and molecular techniques are effective adjuncts in diagnosing intraocular lymphoma. Primary intraocular lymphoma is an uncommon entity predominantly of B cell origin and rarely with a T cell ...

    Authors: Alvaro D Saenz, Alexandra Amador, Brianna M Ruiz, Janet Davis and Phillip Ruiz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:114

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Breast lymphoma, either as a manifestation of primary extranodal disease or as secondary involvement, is a rare malignancy, and its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment have not been clearly defined. On the oth...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Afroditi Nonni, Dimitra Koulocheri, Philip Domeyer, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Nikolaos Pararas, Antonia Gounaris and George C Zografos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:113

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst (TPP) is a rare complication, sometimes encountered after blunt thoracic trauma and even more rarely following penetrating injuries. It is more common among pediatric and young a...

    Authors: Bulent Kocer, Gultekin Gulbahar, Nesimi Gunal, Koray Dural and Unal Sakinci

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:112

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Arteriovenous malformations of the lower urinary tract are uncommon lesions, usually presenting as scrotal masses. A case of recurrent acute scrotal pain mimicking testicular torsion that was attributed to the...

    Authors: Petros Sountoulides, Athanasios Bantis, Irene Asouhidou and Hellen Aggelonidou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:110

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn's disease may involve the skin, the eyes, the genital mucosa, and the joints. Dermatoses associated with Crohn's disease include neutrophilic dermatoses, erythema nodosu...

    Authors: David Farhi, Paul Duriez, Selim Aractingi, Jacques Cosnes and Kiarash Khosrotehrani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:109

    Content type: Case report

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  18. We report a case of ipsilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema occurring after the insertion of a chest tube in a patient with spontaneous pneumothorax. The patient received supplemental oxygen via a non-rebreath...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Ladina Joos and Roland Bingisser

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:107

    Content type: Case report

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  19. There are several surgical complications which can occur following simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). Although intestinal obstruction is known to be a common complication after any type of ab...

    Authors: Unal Aydin, Pinar Yazici, Huseyin Toz, Cuneyt Hoscoskun and Ahmet Coker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:106

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Coexistence of pulmonary embolism and systemic arterial embolism suggest the diagnosis of paradoxical embolism which suggests the presence of intracardiac defects such as patent foramen ovale (PFO).

    Authors: Shan Guo, Ingram Roberts and Jose Missri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:104

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Mullerian adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth (MASO) is a rare variant of uterine sarcomas, associated with postoperative recurrence, metastases and a fatal outcome. The mean age at diagnosis is 54.5 year...

    Authors: Mirna H Farhat, Elie M Hobeika, Ghada Moumneh and Anwar H Nassar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:103

    Content type: Case report

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  22. A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following d...

    Authors: Thomas F Hiemstra, Christopher OC Bellamy and Jeremy H Hughes

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:102

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Pulmonary emphysema and bronchiectasis in HIV seropositive patients has been described in the presence of injection drug use, malnutrition, repeated opportunistic infections, such as Pneumocytis jirovici pneumoni...

    Authors: Steven F. J. Callens, Faustin Kitetele, Patricia Lelo, Nicole Shabani, Jean Lusiama, Okitolanda Wemakoy, Robert Colebunders, Frieda Behets and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:101

    Content type: Case report

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  24. According to the International Headache Society, idiopathic stabbing headache (ISH), an indomethacin-responsive headache syndrome, is a paroxysmal disorder of short duration manifested as head pain occurring a...

    Authors: Mortimer B. O'Connor, Elizabeth Murphy, Mark J. Phelan and Michael J. Regan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:100

    Content type: Case report

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  25. An accurate, early diagnosis and treatment of adenomatous polyp can curtail progression to colorectal cancer. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-18 FDG PET) reveals the biochemical changes...

    Authors: Bhavya Rehani, Richard M. Chasen, Yvonne Dowdy, Ankur Bharija, Martin Satter, Pamela Strohmeyer and Joseph Mantil

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:99

    Content type: Case report

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  26. 2-methylbutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency or short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SBCADD) is caused by a defect in the degradation pathway of the amino acid L-isoleucine.

    Authors: Oivind J. Kanavin, Berit Woldseth, Egil Jellum, Bjorn Tvedt, Brage S. Andresen and Petter Stromme

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:98

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Congenital arhinia is an extremely rare anomaly consisting of an absence of external nasal structures and nasal passages. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported. Patients with a familial absence of the nose ha...

    Authors: Guzin Akkuzu, Babur Akkuzu, Erdinc Aydin, Murat Derbent and Levent Ozluoglu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:97

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Pregnancy in women with advanced liver disease is rare. In this paper we described the case of a successful pregnancy in a young woman with advanced cirrhosis due to hepatitis B surface antigenemia, hepatitis ...

    Authors: Amna Subhan, Shahab Abid and Wasim Jafri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:96

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Klinefelter's syndrome is a frequent genetic sexual alteration in males, associated with the 47,XXY aneuploidy. Several syndrome variants are caused by different X and Y polysomy and mosaicisms, including the ...

    Authors: Jesús E. Dueñas-Arias, Maribel Aguilar-Medina, Eliakym Arámbula-Meraz, Juliana B. Valenzuela-Camacho, Angelina Vega-Solano, Julio Granados and Rosalío Ramos-Payán

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:94

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Hydatid disease is common in many parts of the world, and causes considerable health and economic loss. This disease may develop in almost any part of the body.

    Authors: Abdolali Ebrahimi, Majid Assadi, Mohsen Saghari, Mohammad Eftekhari, Amir Gholami, Reza Ghasemikhah and Sakineh Assadi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:93

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of morbidity in the UK and is increasingly seen in elderly patients, often requiring multiple courses of steroids. We present a case of a 72 year ...

    Authors: Alison C. Boland, Elizabeth H. Iveson and Mark W. Elliott

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:91

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Congenital syphilis is a preventable disease and its presence reflects a failure of prenatal care delivery systems, as well as syphilis control programmes. The procedure to prevent congenital syphilis through ...

    Authors: Monica Chaudhary, Bineeta Kashyap and Preena Bhalla

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:90

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Spontaneous regression of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is rarely observed. A case of suspected spontaneous regression of pulmonary metastases following nephrectomy for histologically proven renal cell carci...

    Authors: Katerina Lekanidi, Paraskevi A. Vlachou, Bruno Morgan and Subramaniam Vasanthan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:89

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Bupropion is approved for the treatment of mood disorders and as an adjuvant medication for smoking cessation. Bupropion is generally well tolerated and considered safe. Two randomized controlled trials of bup...

    Authors: Fawwaz Humayun, Thomas M. Shehab, Joseph A. Tworek and Robert J. Fontana

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:88

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Epidermoid and dermoid cysts represent less than 0.01% of all oral cavity cysts. The cysts can be defined as epidermoid when the lining presents only epithelium, dermoid cysts when skin adnexa are found, and t...

    Authors: Tolga Kandogan, Murat Koç, Enver Vardar, Elif Selek and Özlem Sezgin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:87

    Content type: Case report

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  36. This paper describes the clinical course of a patient with chronic hepatitis C, genotype 2a/2c, previously treated with Interferon α2b and subsequently with Lymphoblastoid Interferon without any response, and ...

    Authors: Vincenzo Citro, Raffaele Fristachi and Giovanni Tarantino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:86

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Multiple myeloma can occasionally manifest with joint disease. We report the case of an individual with a progressive bilateral carpal syndrome and a symmetrical severe seronegative polyarthritis and joint swe...

    Authors: Catherine B. Molloy, Rahul A. Peck, Stephen J. Bonny, Simon N. Jowitt, John Denton, Anthony J. Freemont and Abbas A. Ismail

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:84

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Here we present a series of infiltrative ductal carcinoma breast cases (infiltrative ductal carcinoma with central necrosis) so closely mimicking 'DCIS with central comedo necrosis' that on initial morphologic...

    Authors: Shahid Pervez and Hassan Khan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:83

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Renal angiomyolipomata usually present as incidental findings on routine imaging, but rarely they may give rise to significant haemorrhage. If bleeding occurs, first-line treatment is currently angiography wit...

    Authors: Julekha R Wajed, Simon D Taylor-Robinson, James E Jackson and Gordon WH Stamp

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:82

    Content type: Case report

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  40. We report a rare case of Bowel Associated Dermatosis – Arthritis Syndrome in a young patient with complex Crohn's disease who presented with fever, arthritis, rash and worsening of diarrhea with abdominal pain...

    Authors: Dayavathi Ashok and Patrick Kiely

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:81

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Dacryocystitis is relatively common, the majority of patients present with pre-septal cellulitis and not an orbital abscess due to anatomical barriers. The authors report a case of dacryocystitis presenting as...

    Authors: Scott E Henney, Mike J Brookes, Kevin Clifford and Anirvan Banerjee

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:77

    Content type: Case report

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