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  1. Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare malignancy, with 43% being non-functional. These may arise from adrenal rest anywhere in the embryonic pathway of the adrenal glands. In the context of extra-adrenal and retr...

    Authors: Alireza Mirsharifi, Mohammad Vasei, Ehsan Sadeghian, Ali Ghorbani-Abdehgah and Sara Naybandi Atashi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:107

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The finding of hematological malignancies within bone marrow in heterotopic ossification has been reported only a handful of times previously in the literature. We described a case of true trilineage hematopoi...

    Authors: Alfredo Borgia, Sofia Manara, Monica Balzarotti, Paolo Vinciguerra and Alessandra Di Maria

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:92

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is currently the gold standard treatment for esophageal cancer prior to surgery. This radiation therapy will sometimes lead to liver damage parallel to esophageal lesions, which m...

    Authors: Sen-Ei Shai, Yuan-Hong Lin, Yi-Ling Lai, Hsiao-Wen Tang, Yao-Wen Hsieh and Shih-Chieh Hung

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:106

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a rare and aggressive form of sarcoma that arises from a peripheral nerve, mostly in association with neurofibromatosis type 1. Half of the cases were reported in the...

    Authors: Samer Abdel Al, Mohamad K. Abou Chaar, Wafa Asha, Hani Al-Najjar and Maysa Al-Hussaini

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:91

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies comprise a family of autoantibodies that are often used as biomarkers for certain forms of small-vessel vasculitis; however, chronic infections tend to induce the producti...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Baoxian Shi and Hongbing Zeng

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:90

    Content type: Case report

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  6. A singular procedure involving both a distal tibiofibular synostosis resection with syndesmosis repair by peroneus longus ligamentoplasty has not been reported in the English literature. We report a case of si...

    Authors: Michael Margulis, Lior Ben-Zvi, Itzhak Brook and Benjamin Bernfeld

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:104

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Soft tissue sarcomas affecting the root of an upper extremity raise the question of limb amputation depending on their location, size, and malignancy. Malignant triton tumors are a rare subtype of neurofibrosa...

    Authors: Elise Lupon, Christine Chevreau, Alexandre Lellouch, Dimitry Gangloff and Thomas Meresse

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:103

    Content type: Case report

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  8. In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors have been widely used as a crucial therapy in malignant tumors. Immune checkpoint inhibitors can cause various autoimmune side effects called immune-related advers...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Yamaguchi, Hikaru Nagasawa, Yuji Katagiri and Manabu Wada

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:88

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Nutcracker syndrome is a rare disorder caused by compression of the left renal vein, usually between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. It typically presents with left-sided abdominal pain and hemat...

    Authors: Shawn Banon and Ioannis Skaribas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:102

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Teriparatide is a homolog of human parathyroid hormone (1–34), which is approved for the treatment of postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Several minor and transient side effects have been ...

    Authors: Ali Javinani, Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi and Hoda Kavosi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:87

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Due to its rarity, little is known about the clinical presentations and responses to systemic chemotherapies in advanced and/or metastatic cases of paratesticular liposarcoma.

    Authors: Takuro Noguchi, Toshirou Fukushima, Hiroaki Hara, Nodoka Sekiguchi, Takashi Kobayashi, Takesumi Ozawa, Daisuke Gomi and Tomonobu Koizumi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:86

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Insulinoma is a rare functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor, typically presenting as a sporadic solitary lesion causing hypoglycemia. While these tumors can lead to marked autonomic and neuroglycopenic symptom...

    Authors: Vicki Munro, Laura M. McDonell, Valerie Keough and Ferhan S. Siddiqi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:96

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Immunological causes of parkinsonism are very rare and usually characterized by early presentation, poor response to levodopa, and additional clinical features.

    Authors: Giovanni Stefanoni, Anna Formenti, Lucio Tremolizzo, Andrea Stabile, Ildebrando Appollonio and Carlo Ferrarese

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:84

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder. Thiazides, antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, and antiepileptic drugs are well-known causes of hyponatremia. Proton pump inhibitor use is a rare cause o...

    Authors: Isabel J. B. van der Zalm, Tom J. M. Tobé and Susan J. J. Logtenberg

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:83

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Extra-gastric (particularly colonic) lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue in the immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipient is rare. We report a case of low-volume mucosa-associated lymphoid ti...

    Authors: Kylie Martin, Andrew Taylor, Constantine Tam, Prue Hill, David Machet and David Goodman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:81

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Angiosarcoma is an endothelial malignant tumor; angiosarcoma located in the breast is extremely rare, less than 0.01%. We report a case of a giant angiosarcoma diagnosed postmortem in a 16-year-old girl in a r...

    Authors: Tchin Darré, Luc Valère Codjo Brun, Falilath Seidou, Toukilnan Djiwa, Marie Claire Ballé and Gado Napo-Koura

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:80

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Sporotrichosis is a rare fungal infection in transplant patients; among these patients, it occurs mostly in renal transplant patients. Sporothrix schenkii is the primary pathogen responsible. A high index of susp...

    Authors: Mazhar Hussein Amirali, Jacques Liebenberg, Sheylyn Pillay and Johan Nel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:79

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Displaced radial neck fractures in children are challenging to treat. The age of the patient and the degree of angulation are the main criteria to consider when managing these fractures in children. Various su...

    Authors: Alessandra Colozza, Sara Padovani, Gaetano Caruso, Michele Cavaciocchi and Leo Massari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:78

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Lung atelectasis are nonventilated parts of lung tissue and occur as a result of the collapse of the pulmonary parenchyma (alveoli). Various therapeutic procedures for inflating the collapsed pulmonary parench...

    Authors: Alen Protić, Matej Bura and Kazimir Juričić

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:77

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection has become a pandemic disease (coronavirus disease 2019). The infection has moved from China to the rest of the world and Italy represents one of the m...

    Authors: Francesco Spannella, Letizia Ristori, Federico Giulietti, Serena Re, Paola Schiavi, Piero Giordano and Riccardo Sarzani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:82

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Burkholderia cepacia complex is a ubiquitous organism with a high virulence potential. It is found most commonly in moist environments. Hospital outbreaks have been reported from diverse sources such as contamina...

    Authors: Tanisha Bharara, Anita Chakravarti, Mukesh Sharma and Priti Agarwal

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:76

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Immunoglobulin M multiple myeloma and Waldenström macroglobulinemia are two different hematological diseases with the common finding of an immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance. Howeve...

    Authors: Simona Elba, Alessia Castellino, Roberto Soriasio, Claudia Castellino, Margherita Bonferroni, Daniele Mattei, Giuliana Strola, Daniela Drandi, Nicola Mordini, Miriam Foglietta, Davide Rapezzi, Ivana Celeghini, Mariella Grasso, Fabrizio Giordano, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni and Massimo Massaia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:75

    Content type: Case report

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  23. This report highlights the first published case of fatal septic shock associated with Clostridium perfringens and Enterococcus avium bacteremia due to infective gastroenteritis.

    Authors: Joseph De Zylva, James Padley, Rassam Badbess and Maneesha Dedigama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:74

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Droxidopa is an oral treatment for the stepwise treatment of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension from autonomic dysfunction. It has been shown to be useful predominantly with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension ...

    Authors: Annie H. Ho, Christopher W. Kinter, John Wight, Anudeep R. Neelam and David Krakow

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:73

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Sacrococcygeal teratoma is one of the most frequently prenatally diagnosed neoplasias. Obstetric ultrasound has a role in the diagnosis and management of these tumors during pregnancy. In this report, we descr...

    Authors: Anna Moreno Baró, Silvia Pina Perez, Montserrat Mestre Costa, Cristina Lesmes Heredia, Laura Serra Azuara, Judith Lleberia Juanos and Marc Zamora Lapiedra

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:72

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Hantavirus infection is an emerging zoonotic infection which has two characteristic patterns of presentation: hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. The clinical presentation ...

    Authors: Chamara Dalugama, Madushi Nanayakkara, Nimanthi Rathnayaka and Arjuna Medagama

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:71

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Ocular allergy is a common disease, especially in the pediatric population, with unpleasant and long-term consequences, including corneal complications and decreased visual acuity. This study reports two cases...

    Authors: Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Silvia Letícia Teixeira Lazzari, Isadora Proner Martins and Elcio Luiz Bonamigo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:70

    Content type: Case report

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  28. The mortality rate is very high for patients with severe multiple trauma with massive pulmonary contusion containing intrapulmonary hemorrhage. Multiple treatment modalities are needed not only for a preventio...

    Authors: Futoshi Nagashima, Satoshi Inoue and Miho Ohta

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:69

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. However, in the management of breast cancer, paraneoplastic neurological syndromes represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The diagnosis of paraneopl...

    Authors: Giuseppe Sena, Gaetano Gallo, Giuseppina Vescio, Denise Gambardella, Stefano de Franciscis and Mariuccia Renne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:67

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by Echinococcus granulosus. This case report shows the difficulty in differential diagnosis in a patient with highly suspected hydatid disease.

    Authors: Albrecht Boehlig, Valentin Blank, Thomas Karlas, Henning Trawinski, Hans-Michael Hau, Andri Arnosson Lederer and Thomas Berg

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:65

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Pulmonary nodules are a common cause for concern in patients with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Most commonly, they are the result of an infection, given the patients’ im...

    Authors: Jessica N. Mezzanotte, I-Sanna Gibbons-Fideler, Konstantin Shilo, Mark Lustberg and Srinivas Devarakonda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:64

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Balantidium coli, a parasitic unicellular ciliate, often causes asymptomatic balantidiasis of the colon, but extraintestinal disease may occur rarely in immunosuppressed individuals. Renal balantidiasis associate...

    Authors: Pongsakorn Martviset, Kridsada Sirisabhabhorn, Supaporn Pumpa, Pochong Rhongbutsri, Aree Taylor and Walter R. J. Taylor

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:63

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Combination therapy of interferon and ribavirin has traditionally been used to eradicate hepatitis C virus. The sustained virologic response achieved with interferon-related therapy is persistent, and late rel...

    Authors: Ken Kurokawa, Takamasa Ohki, Jun Kato, Yukiyo Fukumura, Makoto Imai, Chikako Shibata, Junya Arai, Mayuko Kondo, Kaoru Takagi, Kentaro Kojima, Michiharu Seki, Masaya Mori, Nobuo Toda and Kazumi Tagawa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:62

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Although gastrointestinal involvement is the most common site for extra-genital endometriosis, deep infiltrative endometriosis, which affects the mucosal layer, is very rare.

    Authors: Joshua J. Keith, Lorenzo O. Hernandez, Livia Y. Maruoka Nishi, Tarang P. Jethwa, Jason T. Lewis and George G. A. Pujalte

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:61

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The palmaris longus muscle is considered one of the most anatomically variable muscles in the human body. Localized swelling of the forearm due to hypertrophy of the palmaris longus muscle is rare.

    Authors: Majdi Hashem, Raheef Alatassi, Kaushal Narinder and Fawaz Emran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:60

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The coexistence of two morphologically different tumors attached to each other creates a very rare type of tumor called a collision tumor. Collision tumors containing pituitary adenoma–sellar meningioma have o...

    Authors: Emre Gezer, Zeynep Cantürk, Alev Selek, Berrin Çetinarslan, İlhan Tarkun, Mehmet Sözen, Umay Kiraz, Yeşim Saliha Gürbüz, Savaş Ceylan and Burak Çabuk

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:59

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Long-term infertility can be attributed to many factors, with the genetic factor being the most overlooked due to its many nonspecific morphological or endocrine signs. We present a rare case of a patient with...

    Authors: Mohammad Marwan Alhalabi and Marwan Alhalabi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:58

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Given the absence of consensus diagnostic criteria for giant cell arteritis, clinicians may encounter difficulty with identification of new-onset headache in patients older than age 50 years presenting with vi...

    Authors: Matthew J. Samec, Andres G. Madrigal, Charlotte H. Rydberg and Matthew J. Koster

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:57

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is characterized by multiple café au lait spots and cutaneous and plexiform neurofibromas, and is one of the most common autosomal dominant hereditary disorders caused by mutations of ...

    Authors: Takahiko Obo, Nobuyuki Koriyama, Akinori Tokito, Kazuma Ogiso and Yoshihiko Nishio

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:56

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Multiple myeloma has witnessed significant advances due to the approval of many novel agents. However, in spite of all these new developments, multiple myeloma remains an incurable disease with inevitable rela...

    Authors: Khadega A. Abuelgasim, Noha Alherz, Ayman Alhejazi and Moussab Damlaj

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:54

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a critical complication of advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma, despite the rarity of the occurrence of disseminated intravascular coagulation in such tumors. The...

    Authors: Huy Le Trinh, Vuong Thi Nguyen, Ngan Kim Mai, Bach Trung Tran and Quynh Nga Pham

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:52

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Osteosarcoma is a common malignancy of bone that usually occurs in individuals in the age range of 0–24 years. Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare tumor presentation which originates in non-bony tissues. Extr...

    Authors: Ramin Saadaat, Jamshid Abdul-Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din and Ahmed Maseh Haidary

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:51

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Melioidosis is a potentially fatal bacterial infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. The existence of melioidosis in Sri Lanka was once unheard of, and entertaining it as a diagnosis in clinical practice w...

    Authors: Manoji M. K. Pathirage, Senanayake A. M. Kularatne and Kosala G. Weerakoon

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:50

    Content type: Case report

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  44. The increasing incidence of allergies and allergic reactions among children and adults has become a major public health concern. The etiology of allergic reactions can often be confirmed based on a detailed hi...

    Authors: Sarah Green, Allison Hicks, Chelsea Hilsendager, Maureen Bauer and Guido K. W. Frank

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2020 14:49

    Content type: Case report

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