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  1. Rhabdomyolysis is defined as a syndrome consisting of muscle necrosis and the release of intracellular muscle components into the bloodstream. Although rhabdomyolysis has been previously reported as an initial...

    Authors: Goar Egoryan, Sana Chaudry, Kritika Yadav, Tianyu Dong, Emre Ozcekirdek, Ece Ozen and Guillermo Rodriguez-Nava

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:576

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Rabies, caused by a lyssavirus, is a viral zoonosis that affects people in many parts of the world, especially those in low income countries. Contact with domestic animals, especially dogs, is the main source ...

    Authors: Y. A. Amoako, P. El-Duah, A. A. Sylverken, M. Owusu, R. Yeboah, R. Gorman, T. Adade, J. Bonney, W. Tasiame, K. Nyarko-Jectey, T. Binger, V. M. Corman, C. Drosten and R. O. Phillips

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:575

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Progressive supranuclear palsy is a neurodegenerative condition that worsens over time. Given the lack of targeted treatments, patients with severe progressive supranuclear palsy have very low life expectancy.

    Authors: Huiping Li, Fang Yuan, Yaming Du, Tao Pan, Wanxin Wen, Shaoxue Li, Lixin Wang and Aili Lu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:574

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Uterine sarcoma accounts for 3–7% of uterine malignant neoplasms. It is more aggressive than epithelial neoplasms, and patients have a poor prognosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma is classified as a heterologous uterine s...

    Authors: Soheila Aminimoghaddam, Ali Rahbari and Roghayeh Pourali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:570

    Content type: Case report

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  5. In recent years, numerous studies have reported the development or exacerbation of sarcoidosis due to interferon therapy. However, ocular lesions rarely present as initial symptoms. Herein, we describe a rare ...

    Authors: Ai Kato, Mami Ishihara and Nobuhisa Mizuki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:568

    Content type: Case report

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  6. In neonates, rhesus D alloimmunization despite anti-D immunoglobulin prophylaxis is rare and often unexplained. Rhesus D alloimmunization can lead to hemolytic disease of the newborn with anemia and unconjugat...

    Authors: Sandra Simony Tornoe Riis, Marianne Hoerby Joergensen, Kristina Fruerlund Rasmussen, Steffen Husby, Jane Preuss Hasselby, Lise Borgwardt, Klaus Brusgaard, Christina Ringmann Fagerberg and Henrik Thybo Christesen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:573

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine have been used for hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients because of their antiviral and anti-inflammatory function. However, little research has been published on th...

    Authors: Astrid Muyldermans, Piet Maes, Tony Wawina-Bokalanga, Tine Anthierens, Olivier Goldberg, Magali Bartiaux, Oriane Soetens, Ingrid Wybo, Sigi Van den Wijngaert and Denis Piérard

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:572

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Nephrotic-range proteinuria is a common reason for nephrological consultation in clinical practice. The differential diagnosis is wide, and generally focuses on different forms of glomerulonephritis, but other...

    Authors: Yana Apostolova, Patricia Mehier, Salah D. Qanadli and Menno Pruijm

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:569

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Escherichia coli has appeared as an important opportunistic pathogen responsible for nosocomial infections in patients with immunodeficiency, particularly in leukemia patients. New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase is...

    Authors: Mahdane Roshani, Alireza Goodarzi, Sanaz Dehbashi, Farhad Afrasiabi, Hossein Goudarzi, Ali Hashemi and Mohammad Reza Arabestani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:567

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Patients diagnosed with locally advanced pancreatic cancer are usually not eligible for surgical resection because of significant vascular involvement. Stereotactic body radiation therapy and chemotherapy are ...

    Authors: Sriram Rao, Thanh-Lan Bui, Ali Sasani, Ben Sadeghi, Anvesh Macherla, Roozbeh Houshyar and Nadine Abi-Jaoudeh

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:566

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Excipients are widely used in pharmaceuticals, detergents, food, and drink because of their properties of low toxicity and hypoallergenicity. The excipient carboxymethylcellulose is used extensively as a thick...

    Authors: Katherine Townsend, James Laffan and Grant Hayman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:565

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the cause of coronavirus disease 2019, has become a global pandemic. Currently, there is no definitive treatment for coronavirus disease 2019. Convalescent plas...

    Authors: Theresia Monica Rahardjo, Elizabeth Yogipranata, Ardian Hediyanto Naswan, Fitri Rahayu Sari, Fajar Budiono, Hernawati Permatasari and C. H. R. Driantik Chuntari

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:564

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Coronavirus disease 2019, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, has a broad clinical spectrum, from asymptomatic to multi-organ dysfunction. Acute cerebrovascular events associated wit...

    Authors: Khurram Khaliq Bhinder, Ahsun Rizwan Siddiqi, Muhammad Junaid Tahir, Hamza Maqsood, Irfan Ullah and Zohaib Yousaf

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:563

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The discovery of epidermal growth factor receptor oncogenic driver mutations has changed the therapeutic landscape of advanced non-small cell lung cancer in the past decade. Since the introduction of next-gene...

    Authors: Lander Van Acker, Dieter Stevens, Karim Vermaelen and Veerle Surmont

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:562

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Adult-onset leukoencephalopathies are a group of heterogeneous disorders characterized by white matter abnormalities. Leukoencephalopathy is usually encountered in children, but here we report a case with adul...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Taha and T. Scott Diesing

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:561

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Carney’s triad is a rare syndrome comprising gastrointestinal stromal tumor, extra-adrenal paraganglioma, and pulmonary chondroma along with newer additions of adrenal adenoma and esophageal leiomyoma. The tri...

    Authors: Ghazal Tansir, Nihar Ranjan Dash, Saurabh Galodha, Prasenjit Das, Shamim Ahmed Shamim and Sameer Rastogi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:559

    Content type: Case report

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  17. The new coronavirus, known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) owing to its similarity to the previous severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), is characterized by causing, in most...

    Authors: Natalia Ramirez, David Ujueta, Luis Felipe Diaz, Lucila Emilse Folleco, Andrea Rodríguez, Ivan Gaona and Mauricio O. Nava-Mesa

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:558

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Pneumatosis intestinalis is a rare disease characterized by gas-filled cysts within the submucosa or serosa of the intestinal tract. In recent years, pneumatosis intestinalis was reported in patients undergoin...

    Authors: Soji Toda, Hiroyuki Iwasaki, Daisuke Murayama, Maya Isoda, Hirotaka Nakayama, Nobuyasu Suganuma and Katsuhiko Masudo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:556

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 reinfection prevalence is unknown. It is essential to understand reinfection symptoms and, importantly, the lived experience.

    Authors: Jacinda K. Dariotis, Stephanie M. Sloane and Rebecca Lee Smith

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:557

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Pituitary metastases are rare, often deriving from lung or breast cancer owing to the upper vena cava proximity. Pituitary metastases can manifest with signs and symptoms of pituitary tumors, consequent to mas...

    Authors: Giuseppe Giuffrida, Francesco Ferraù, Ylenia Alessi and Salvatore Cannavò

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:555

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Sigmoid volvulus in pregnancy is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction with high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed and managed early.

    Authors: Jay Lodhia, Joachim Magoma, Joylene Tendai, David Msuya, Jamil Suleiman and Kondo Chilonga

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:554

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia is a rare, autosomal recessively inherited, noninflammatory musculoskeletal disorder caused by mutations occurring in the WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 3 gene....

    Authors: Anjumanara Anver Omar, Salman Ahmed, John Chris Rodrigues, Allan Kayiza and Lawrence Owino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:551

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Primary myelofibrosis is a rare myeloproliferative disorder in middle-aged and old adults and should be distinguished from secondary and reactive causes of bone marrow fibrosis because, in reactive fibrosis, t...

    Authors: Mahdi Khatuni, Marziyeh Ghalamkari, Fereshteh Ameli and Habibeh Yekehtaz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:550

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The aim of this study is to highlight the importance of having a central case managing team and to make some strong recommendations that can have a positive impact on the lives of hematopoietic stem cell trans...

    Authors: Jaleel Mohammed, Hadeel R. Bakhsh, Cliodhna Craig and Shahrukh K. Hashmi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:549

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Over-the-counter medication overdose is a difficult diagnostic challenge for many physicians as common drug screening assays cannot detect these substances. We present a case of acute psychosis, serotonin synd...

    Authors: Roudi Bachar, John Robert Majewski, Christopher Shrack and Anthony El-Khoury

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:548

    Content type: Case report

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  26. The symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019, caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, were originally assumed to be mainly respiratory. With increasing knowledge, however, it turned ou...

    Authors: A. Saleh, R. Jung, S. Tonner, F. Hornof and M. Strittmatter

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:547

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Dieulafoy’s lesion, first found by Paul Georges Dieulafoy, is an infrequent but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The bleeding is usually severe, but patients rarely present with ch...

    Authors: Javad Salimi, Mohamad Behzadi, Alireza Ramandi, Mehdi Jafarinia, Hamid Zand and Mohammad Pirouzian

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:545

    Content type: Case report

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  28. This report describes the case of a patient whose pituitary microadenoma resolved after he contracted coronavirus disease 2019. To our knowledge, this is one of the first reported cases of pituitary tumor reso...

    Authors: Salah Raishan, Mohammed Alsabri, Ann Mary Hanna and Matthew Brett

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:544

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Hodgkin lymphoma is a systemic disease that commonly involves the cervical, supraclavicular, and mediastinal lymph nodes. The involvement of central nervous system in Hodgkin lymphoma is extremely rare, and di...

    Authors: Shanila Ahmed, Babar Irfan, Muhammad Raza and Ghulam Haider

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:532

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Pericardial neoplastic involvement is rarely related to primary tumors of the pericardium and is most often caused by spread from other primary sites, such as lung and breast carcinomas, hematological malignan...

    Authors: Milena Brachmans Mascarenhas Neves, Mirella Velasco Stival, Yuri Costa Sarno Neves, Jordânia Gonçalves Pereira da Silva, Daniela Borges da Rocha Macedo, Bianca Mendes Carnevalli, Alana Moura Fé e Silva, Claudia Vaz de Melo Sette, Stephane Tomaz da Luz and Daniel de Iracema Gomes Cubero

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:543

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Being expressed in all stages of B-cell development and having a significant value on the European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Acute Leukemias scoring system, CD79a is considered as an exce...

    Authors: A. Berhili, M. Bensalah, J. ElMalki, A. Elyagoubi and R. Seddik

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:531

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Neuroendocrine tumors are rare, heterogeneous neoplasms that produce a wide variety of clinical symptoms. Diarrhea in neuroendocrine tumors is incredibly common and is usually benign in nature. We report two e...

    Authors: Emma Gordon, David L. Chan, Jennifer Arena, Elizabeth Bernard, Emily Carr-Boyd, Stephen J. Clarke, Malinda Itchins, Diana Learoyd, Neomal Sandanayake and Nick Pavlakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:542

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Desmoid-type fibromatosis is a rare disease that can result in hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis associated with desmoid-type fibromatosis often requires surgery or ureteral stent insertion. Although radiation th...

    Authors: Yojiro Ishikawa, Rei Umezawa, Takaya Yamamoto, Noriyoshi Takahashi, Kazuya Takeda, Yu Suzuki and Keiichi Jingu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:540

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies gallolyticus is a known pathogen that causes infective endocarditis, and most cases involve the left heart valves. We present the first reported case of prosthetic tricuspid ...

    Authors: Raz Shapira, Tamir Weiss, Elad Goldberg, Eytan Cohen, Ilan Krause, Ram Sharony and Idan Goldberg

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:528

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic have already exceeded 10 million infected and more than 560,000 deaths worldwide since its inception. Currently, it is known that the disease affects m...

    Authors: Caroline Petersen da Costa Ferreira, Kalynne Rodrigues Marques, Gustavo Henrique Ferreira de Mattos and Tércio de Campos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:541

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Extranodal, natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type is a rare but aggressive disease usually presenting as progressive necrotic lesions in the nasal cavity that responds poorly to chemotherapy. In this pa...

    Authors: Fatemeh Adabifirouzjaei, Bharam Khazai, Ghazaleh Azami and Ghazaleh Shoja-e-Razavi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:539

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Emerging reports are describing stroke in young, otherwise healthy patients with coronavirus disease 2019, consistent with the theory that some of the most serious complications of coronavirus disease 2019 are...

    Authors: Nicolas Koslover, Marc Hardwick, Alexander Grundmann and Tamara Levene

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:538

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Ehlers–Danlos syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders caused by a defect in collagen synthesis and structure. The vascular subtype (Ehlers–Danlos s...

    Authors: Ahad E. Alotaibi, Ohood H. AlAamer, Mohammed A. Bawazeer and Ali A. Alzahrani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:537

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Massive hemoptysis due to aspergilloma is a rare but life-threatening complication. Bronchial artery embolization is recommended as a definitive treatment for massive hemoptysis. Polyvinyl alcohol is widely us...

    Authors: Wei Luo, Tongchen Hu, Yu Mao and Qi Yu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:522

    Content type: Case report

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  40. In this case report, we describe a very rare case of severe limb ischemia due to an arterial embolus caused by an aneurysm of the oval foramen in a term-born infant that occurred in the first few hours after b...

    Authors: J. J. van Vonderen, J. M. H. Keus, J. van Schaik, F. J. Smiers, D. J. ten Harkel and E. Lopriore

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:536

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) presents with dehydration and hyperglycemia, which usually occurs during the first 12 months of life. Activating mutations of beta-cell adenosine triphosphate-sensit...

    Authors: Maryam Razzaghy-Azar, Mitra Nourbakhsh, Ali Talea, Mahsa Mohammad Amoli, Mona Nourbakhsh and Bagher Larijani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:535

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Postpartum ovarian thrombosis is an uncommon condition. It appears with the nonspecific, predominantly right-sided abdominal symptoms and must be differentiated from other acute visceral conditions. If left un...

    Authors: Christos Tsitlakidis, Khalil Ibrahim Salim Al Ajmi, Alya Yousuf Al Madhani and Adel Hassan Ahmidat

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:521

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Acute dystonic reactions caused by drugs are uncommon in daily practice, whether in outpatient or in emergency settings. Such types of unfavorable reaction may cause the treating physician’s working diagnosis ...

    Authors: Ritesh Chaudhary, Gyanendra Malla and Monika Kadayat

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:520

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Thyroid storm is an endocrine emergency and life-threatening condition discovered in 1926. There is no specific laboratory parameter that can differentiate or distinguish between thyroid storm and primary hype...

    Authors: Muhammad Saleem, Sher M. Sethi, Abrar Ali and Zareen Kiran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2021 15:519

    Content type: Case report

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