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  1. Splenic cysts are quite rare and asymptomatic. They may result from infection by a parasite, especially Echinococcus granulosus (hydatid cyst), or from non-parasitic causes. Since primary splenic cysts are not co...

    Authors: Fereshteh Karbasian, Maryam Ataollahi, Amirali Mashhadiagha, Seyed Ali Moosavi, Mehdi Forooghi, Narges Ansary, Hamed Hosseinian and Bita Geramizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:501
  2. Bacterial and fungal superinfections are commonly reported in patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

    Authors: Zeynab Yassin, Armita Farid, Sayedali Ahmadi, Maziar Emamikhah, Omid Motamedi, Mohammadamin Jafari and Azadeh Goodarzi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:520
  3. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) as a rare and heritable disorder with the infrequent genetic transmission of the condition is a catastrophic disorder of heterotopic ossification (HO) and a cause of...

    Authors: Amir Zarei, Foad Rahimi, Mehryar Khadem, Mansour Moradi and Khaled Rahmani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:500
  4. Situs inversus with levocardia is a rare anomaly in which the heart is present in the left chest but the abdominal viscera are transposed. It is caused by a single incomplete penetration of an autosomal recess...

    Authors: Telila Mesfin, Ibrahim Kedir, Teketel Tilahun, Kenbon Seyoum, Sisay Dadi, Neway Ejigu, Fikreab Desta, Girma Geta, Mesfin Tsegaye and Husien Salih
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:499
  5. Lower lip squamous cell carcinoma is a significant subtype of head and neck cancer, constituting about 25–30% of cases. Traditional surgical methods, like primary closure, have limitations in managing large re...

    Authors: Soha Mohammadi, Nima Taghizadeh, Arash Abdollahi and Shabahang Mohammadi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:498
  6. Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease histologically defined by the non-caseation granulomas formation in different organs, most commonly lungs, liver, skin, gastrointestinal system, eyes, neurologic ...

    Authors: Abootorab Shahmohammdi, Hora Heidari, Kosar Kohandel, Soheil Dousti, Rozita Doosti, Amir Reza Azimi, Zahra Shajari, Parham Rabiei and Sareh Shahmohammdi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:496
  7. Thoracic disc herniation is relatively uncommon, accounting for less than 1% of all spinal herniations. Although most often asymptomatic, they may represent a rare cause of spinal cord ischemia.

    Authors: Sonja Petrovic, Nadine Le Forestier, Pierre-François Pradat, Hugues Pascal-Moussellard and Lydia Chougar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:510
  8. Epidermoid cysts are rare benign lesions that originate from remnants of ectodermal epithelial tissue, particularly infrequent in the pediatric population. They exhibit characteristic imaging features, with oc...

    Authors: María Fernanda Laverde-Reyes, Juan Camilo Márquez, Daniela Nasner, Ana María Granados-Sánchez and Luis Fernando Castillo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:495
  9. Hypospadias is one of the most prevalent urogenital malformations in clinic. However, some hypospadias may have a more complex disorder of sex development. Usually, hypospadias in these patients is severe. Amo...

    Authors: Jianfeng Zhao, Gang Chen, Jun Chen and Le Qian
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:494
  10. Leptospirosis is known for its pulmonary form characterized by intra-alveolar hemorrhage, exhibiting a high mortality rate. Management by venous–venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been reported in ...

    Authors: Charlotte Conreur, Michelle Coureau, David Grimaldi, Olivier Simonet, Frédéric Vallot and Didier Ndjekembo Shango
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:493
  11. Mpox, previously known as monkeypox, -is an orthopoxvirus infection of the skin and previously a public health emergency of international concern. It reemerged in Nigeria over 5 years ago and has since spread ...

    Authors: S. O. Oiwoh, E. A. Tobin, D. A. Asogun, C. O. Erameh, K. O. Iraoyah, J. Okoeguale, R. A. Eifediyi, S. O. Samuel, T. A. T. Salami and S. A. Okogbenin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:492
  12. Caudal regression syndrome is a rare complex congenital anomaly with reduced penetrance and phenotypic variability characterized by osseous defects of the caudal spine, lower limb anomalies, and accompanying g...

    Authors: Mira Ayoub, Chanae Dixon, Sharon E. Byrd and Rakhee M. Bowker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:491
  13. The duodenal web is a thin, elongated, web-like structure that is one of the factors contributing to duodenal obstruction. Only 100 cases have been reported in the literature. We present a 2.5-year-old cachect...

    Authors: Khesrow Ekram, Farida Razawi, Sayed Najmuddin Jalal, Mohammad Nader Sultani, Abdul Wali Wali, Mohammad Sharif Sediqi, Abdul Ghafar Hamdard, Massoud Hemat and Mohammad Mustafa Sahibzada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:507
  14. The aim of this report is to highlight the importance of considering nephrotic syndrome as a potential underlying cause of bilateral central serous retinal detachment in a patient with systemic lupus erythemat...

    Authors: Reza Sadeghi, Amirreza Pashapouryeganeh, Morteza Karimi, Elias Khalili Pour, Masoud Mirghorbani and Hamid Riazi-Esfahani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:490
  15. Mirror dextrocardia (MDC) is a condition in which the heart is located in a mirror-image position on the right side of the chest compared to the normal position in individuals with physiological variations. Pa...

    Authors: Du Hailin, Qiao Hongtu and Zhang Wenyong
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:486
  16. Pleomorphic liposarcoma is the rarest subtype of liposarcoma. Pleomorphic liposarcomas are generally unresponsive to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Moreover, metastasis in the liver, as the first and sole site...

    Authors: Seiji Shimomura, Toshiharu Shirai, Ryu Terauchi, Naoki Mizoshiri, Yuki Mori, Kanako Inuma, Shinji Tsuchida, Ryo Morimura, Hisashi Ikoma and Kenji Takahashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:484
  17. Bacteremia caused by Serratia rubidaea is seldom mentioned in comparison with other Enterobacteriaceae species. It primarily affects immunocompromised patients undergoing invasive procedures. Furthermore, the inc...

    Authors: Asma Mehdi, Ahlem Trifi, Salma Abbes, Eya Seghir, Bedis Tlili, Linda Masseoud, Azzouz Noussair, Asma Ouhibi, Hajer Battikh, Meriam Zribi and Sami Abdellatif
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:482
  18. Hemophilia is an X-linked, recessive inherited disease caused by a defect or deficiency of one of the coagulation factors (VIII or IX). It is considered a rare disease in females. One of the reasons that hemop...

    Authors: Rawan Al khudari, Duaa Batesh, Roaa Habash and Othman Hamdn
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:480
  19. SMARCB1, also known as INI1, is a member of a large protein complex involved in chromatin remodeling and thus the regulation of gene expression. It is located on chromosome 22q11.2. SMARCB1 tumors have been fo...

    Authors: Antoine Dubray-Vautrin, Wahib Ghanem, Laurence Bozec, Julie Gonin and Olivier Choussy
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:479
  20. Undifferentiated carcinomas of the pancreas with osteoclast-like giant cells (UCPOGC) are rare pancreatic neoplasms that account for less than 1% of all pancreatic malignancies. This case report of a 54-year-o...

    Authors: William Chan, Sungmee Park, Layla Shirkhoda, Ryan O’Connell and Roozbeh Houshyar
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:477
  21. Secondary central nervous system lymphoma (SCNSL) is a known complication of immunocompromised patients with most cases involving the brain parenchyma. Reports of cauda equina syndrome (CES) caused by SCNSL ar...

    Authors: Alexander Tang, David Di Fonzo, Mohammed Redha and Michael Churchill-Smith
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:476
  22. Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP), also known as pink tooth or Gunther disease, is a rare hereditary disorder caused by an enzyme mutation in the heme biosynthesis pathway, which leads to the accumulat...

    Authors: Javeriah Khan, Muhammad Usman Hashmi, Nabeeha Noor, Ahmad Jamal Khan, Oadi N. Shrateh and Muhammad Junaid Tahir
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:472
  23. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a genetic basis. Psoriasis is accepted as a systemic, immune-mediated disease. Hypertension, obesity, metabolic disorders including diabetes mellitus and h...

    Authors: Hamidreza Riasi, Emad Asgari Jafarabadi, Hadis Enayati, Ali Fanoodi, Shiva Salehi, Ali-Reza Jamshidi, Forod Salehi and Azam Rezaee
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:469
  24. Disparities in cardiovascular outcomes between Māori and non-Māori persist despite technological advances in the treatment of cardiovascular disease and improved service provision. Little is known about how so...

    Authors: Samantha Lisipeki, Bridgette Masters-Awatere, Darrin Hodgetts and Tze Vun Liew
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:468
  25. We present a case report of an immunocompetent host with presumed sexually transmitted cytomegalovirus proctitis and epididymitis, where there currently is a sparsity of published data.

    Authors: Deborah M. Oyeyemi, Elizabeth Chan, Mason Montano, Annika Belzer, Onyema Ogbuagu, Heidi Zapata and Jessica J. Tuan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:489
  26. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic zoonotic disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver and lungs are the most common sites for infection. Infection of the intradural spine is ...

    Authors: Xiaojie Lao, Diefei Hu, Lei Ji, Tingzheng Zhan, Tiantian Li, Shuming Luo, Xianli Xu, Chunlan Zhang and Maowei Chen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:466
  27. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive disease that belongs to a group of disorders resulting from inborn errors of protein metabolism. It was the first disease included in neonatal screening. Neonata...

    Authors: Beatriz Ugalde-Abiega, Sinziana Stanescu, Amaya Belanger, Mercedes Martinez-Pardo and Francisco Arrieta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:465
  28. Tamoxifen is used in low dose concentrations (20–40 mg per day) as a therapy for breast cancer but is known to have ocular side effects. In this case report, the foveal cone integrity in a tamoxifen-treated pa...

    Authors: Nathan Doble, Elaine M. Wells-Gray, Michael Wells and Stacey S. Choi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:464
  29. Cervical epidural hematoma (CEH) is defined as a collection of blood in the suprameningeal space. Mechanisms of this rare pathology include spontaneous, postsurgical, and traumatic as the main subtypes. This u...

    Authors: Robert Dang, Leo Issagholian, Tegan Schmidt, Pasha Raoufi, Cameron C. Neeki and Michael M. Neeki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:488
  30. Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) is a well-established therapy for refractory neuropathic pain, known for its safety and minimally-invasive nature. However, complications, including surgical site infections (SSIs...

    Authors: Vahid Mohabbati and Mohammadkazem Papan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:463
  31. Gastro-pleural and gastro-cutaneous fistulae formation are rare yet life-threatening complications post-bariatric surgery. To our knowledge so far only limited cases of gastro-pleural and gastro-cutaneous fist...

    Authors: Om Parkash, Zahabia Sohail and Natasha Khalid
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:461
  32. Recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia may be caused by several factors, including drugs, critical illnesses, hormonal deficiency, non-islet cell tumor endogenous hyperinsulinism, and accidental, surreptitious, or...

    Authors: Kibret Enyew Belay, Saba Belay Urge, Yidnekachew Asrat Birhan, Paulos Efrem and Theodros Aberra Alemneh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:460
  33. Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). CTCL are an uncommon, heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) of T- and B-cell origin where the skin is the prima...

    Authors: Jesse Jonathan Kashabano, Eulade Rugengamazi, Subira Bhoke Matiku, Rashid Mussa Mruma and Emmanuel L. Lugina
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:458
  34. Alpha-1 antitrypsin, also known as alpha1 proteinase inhibitor, is a protein 90% synthesized by hepatocytes. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency should be suspected if patients have unexplained emphysema or liver d...

    Authors: Anna Annunziata, Alessandra Di Perna, Ilaria Ferrarotti, Antonietta Coppola, Maria Burricco and Giuseppe Fiorentino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:475
  35. A limited number of studies have described thrombotic complications in pregnant women with COVID-19. Here we report on fatal pulmonary embolism in a pregnant woman with laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.

    Authors: Yuliya V. Perfilyeva, Saule B. Maukayeva, Yerbol M. Smail, Andrey M. Dmitrovskiy, Yekaterina O. Ostapchuk, Andrey V. Zhigailov, Anna S. Nizkorodova, Zhanna A. Berdygulova, Dinara A. Naizabayeva, Anastassiya V. Perfilyeva, Elina R. Maltseva, Kulyan Zh. Kamytbekova and Yuriy A. Skiba
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:455
  36. Mitral leaflet perforation (MLP) can rarely be a consequence of aortic valve replacement (AVR), resulting in mitral regurgitation (MR). Determining the cause and severity of MLP following AVR is crucial in pre...

    Authors: Mehrdad Jafari Fesharaki, Tooba Akbari, Fariba Bayat, Erfan Ghadirzadeh and Elham Charkazi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:474
  37. The incidence of congenital complete atrioventricular block is estimated to be 1 per 20,000 deliveries. In the fetal period, the fetal mortality rate is high, but the treatment strategy has not yet been establ...

    Authors: Hiroaki Amino, Mao Kinoshita and Masayuki Shibasaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:453
  38. Few reports have described multidisciplinary treatment, including extracorporeal shock wave therapy, for patients with refractory chronic tension-type headache. In this study, we conducted multidisciplinary tr...

    Authors: Toru Takekawa, Toshifumi Chino, Naoki Yamada, Shu Watanabe, Masahiro Abo and Renpei Sengoku
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:478
  39. We report two cases of biceps brachii and brachialis paralysis due to musculocutaneous nerve injury in which elbow joint flexion was reconstructed using rotational transfer of the latissimus dorsi muscle with ...

    Authors: Yuka Kobayashi, Yoshiyasu Uchiyama, Shinji Yoshida, Ikuo Saito, Takayuki Ishii, Daisuke Nakajima, Shou Yanagisawa and Masahiko Watanabe
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:454
  40. We present an unusual case of a left axillary lymph node metastasis from a primary dedifferentiated endometrial carcinoma. This pattern of metastasis is likely the result of circulating tumor cells reaching th...

    Authors: Chase William Morrison, Kayvon Nick Sanjasaz, Saul David Nathanson, Supriya Raina-Hukku, David Matthew Pinkney and Alexis Anna Davenport
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:451
  41. With improved operative techniques pregnancy rates have been rising in patients with anomalies of the extrophy-epispadias-complex, including also female patients with bladder extrophy. Specific risks around pr...

    Authors: Susanne Schrey-Petersen, Martin Lacher and Holger Stepan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:450

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