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  1. Content type: Case report

    Port-site herniation is a rare but potentially dangerous complication after laparoscopic surgery. Closure of port sites, especially those measuring 10 mm or more, has been recommended to avoid such an event.

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Itoh, Nobuaki Fuji, Hiroki Taniguchi, Taiji Watanabe, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Kingo Kashimoto and Kazuyo Naito

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:48

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) thereby acting as an angiogenesis inhibitor. As a result, supply of oxygen and nutrients to tissues is...

    Authors: Dorothy M Gujral, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Peter Hargreaves and Gary W Middleton

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:47

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  3. Content type: Case report

    It has been previously unclear whether a "mild" degree of low carbohydrate or "starvation" ketonemia and acidosis induced by a low carbohydrate diet is clinically relevant to a patient.

    Authors: Swapna Chalasani and Jacqueline Fischer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:45

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  4. Content type: Case report

    We present a case of accelerated tibial fracture union in the third trimester of pregnancy. This is of particular relevance to orthopaedic surgeons, who must be made aware of the potentially accelerated healin...

    Authors: Mudussar A Ahmad, Damayanthi Kuhanendran, Irvine W Kamande and Charalambos Charalambides

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:44

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Thermal destruction mediated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is gaining attention as an alternative treatment for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), particularly in those who are not candidates for ope...

    Authors: Jose P Morales, Tarun Sabharwal, Marios Georganas, Renato Dourado, Declan Cahill and Andreas Adam

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:40

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  6. Content type: Editorial

    Some of the earliest case reports describing individual patients afflicted with cancer can be traced all the way back to the papyrus records of Ancient Egyptian medicine of approximately 1600 B.C.. Throughout ...

    Authors: Elie G Dib, Michael R Kidd and Deborah C Saltman

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:39

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  7. Content type: Case report

    The incidence of anaphylactic reactions during anesthesia is between 1:5000 and 1:25000 and it is one of the few causes of mortality directly related to general anesthesia. The most important requirements in t...

    Authors: Luca Di Chiara, Giulia V Stazi, Zaccaria Ricci, Angelo Polito, Stefano Morelli, Chiara Giorni, Ondina La Salvia, Vincenzo Vitale, Eugenio Rossi and Sergio Picardo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:36

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary amyloidodis is a rare disease process with a propensity to cause polyneuropathies, autonomic dysfunction, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. It is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner, with dise...

    Authors: Jason Robin, Sheridan Meyers, Maher Nahlawi, Jyothy Puthumana, Jon Lomasney, David Mehlman, Vera Rigolin and Charles Davidson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:35

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  9. Content type: Case report

    The incidence of tuberculosis is rising worldwide and rare manifestations of the past are seen more often nowadays. Mammary tuberculosis is a rare clinical entity, often mimicking breast cancer or abscesses of...

    Authors: Ioannis Maroulis, Charalambos Spyropoulos, Vasiliki Zolota and Evaggelos Tzorakoleftherakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:34

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Syphilis is well known as an infectious disease which can present with a large variety of symptoms. Clinical diagnosis can be difficult and may be complicated in modern medicine by immunosuppressive treatment ...

    Authors: Claudia Handtrack, Harald Knorr, Kerstin U Amann, Christoph Schoerner, Karl F Hilgers and Walter Geißdörfer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:33

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  11. Content type: Case report

    The number of cases of tuberculosis as a complication in people with immunodeficiency, people on immunosuppressive therapy and among the immigrant population is increasing in Germany. However, tuberculous peri...

    Authors: Yilin Vogel, Jan C Bous, Guido Winnekendonk and Bernhard F Henning

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:32

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Channeling transurethral resection of the prostate is a recognized form of adjunctive treatment in the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. Despite the fact that complications arising from the procedure...

    Authors: A. A. Popoola, K. A. Onawola, M. D. Adesina and I. O. Olaoye

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:30

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Factitious cheilitis is a chronic condition characterized by crusting and ulceration that is probably secondary to chewing and sucking of the lips. Atopy, actinic damage, exfoliative cheilitis, cheilitis granu...

    Authors: Erdinc Aydin, Ozgur Gokoglu, Gamze Ozcurumez and Hakan Aydin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:29

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Autoimmune hepatitis is a necroinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of circulating antibodies, hypergammaglobulinemia, and response to immunosuppression. It has the histologi...

    Authors: Aitziber Etxagibel, M. Rosa Julià, Alvaro Brotons, M. Margarita Company and Carlos Dolz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:25

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric vessel or muscle tear. It could ...

    Authors: Selin Kapan, Ahmet N. Turhan, Halil Alis, Mustafa U. Kalayci, Sinan Hatipoglu, Hakan Yigitbas and Ersan Aygun

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:22

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare disorder and information on this disease is limited, especially with regard to its management and prognosis. It has become gener...

    Authors: Arne Warth, Esther Herpel, Astrid Schmähl, Konstantina Storz and Philipp A. Schnabel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:21

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  17. Content type: Case report

    A retained surgical sponge in the abdomen is uncommon although it is likely that this finding is underreported in the medical literature. The intravisceral migration of retained surgical gauze is even rarer, a...

    Authors: Nello Grassi, Calogero Cipolla, Adriana Torcivia, Alessandro Bottino, Eugenio Fiorentino, Leonardo Ficano and Gianni Pantuso

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:17

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Gastrointestinal tract small cell carcinoma is an infrequent and aggressive neoplasm that represents 0.1–1% of gastrointestinal malignancies. Very few cases of small cell esophageal carcinoma arising in Barret...

    Authors: Haridimos Markogiannakis, Dimitrios Theodorou, Konstantinos G Toutouzas, Andreas Larentzakis, Michael Pattas, Angeliki Bousiotou, Pavlos Papacostas, Konstantinos Filis and Stilianos Katsaragakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:15

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Intussusception of the appendix is an extremely rare condition that ranges from partial invagination of the appendix to involvement of the entire colon. Endometriosis is an exceptionally rare cause of appendic...

    Authors: Samia Ijaz, Surjit Lidder, Waria Mohamid, Martyn Carter and Hilary Thompson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:12

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Fertility is markedly reduced in patients with chronic renal failure. For women with pre-existing renal disease, pregnancy is associated with an increased rate of fetal complications and a considerable risk of...

    Authors: Khalid A Al-Saran and Alaa A Sabry

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:10

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Obstruction of the third part of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) can occur following surgical correction of scoliosis. The condition most commonly occurs in significantly underweight patie...

    Authors: Athanasios I Tsirikos, Raymond E Anakwe and Alexander DL Baker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:9

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous retropharyngeal haematoma is an unusual condition. It has multiple aetiological factors and can present to a number of specialists including the otolaryngologist.

    Authors: Arvind Singh, Enyi Ofo and Vincent Cumberworth

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:8

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Sudden onset peri- or post-coital cardiovascular disease is well documented in the literature including myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolus and subarachnoid haemorrhage. The occurrence of aortic dissectio...

    Authors: Gareth Morris-Stiff, Mari Coxon, Elizabeth Ball and Michael H Lewis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:6

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  24. Content type: Case report

    The ilio-inguinal approach has come to be used routinely in the management of acetabular fractures involving the anterior wall. Thrombotic complications following surgery via this route are a serious, but rare...

    Authors: Kajetan Klos, Ivan Marintschev, Joachim Böttcher, Gunther O Hofmann and Thomas Mückley

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:4

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Chylous ascites may result from diverse pathologies. Ascites results either due to blockage of the lymphatics or leak secondary to inadvertent trauma during surgery.

    Authors: Shahzad S Shah, Kamran Ahmed, Richard Smith, Ravi Mallina, Pouya Akhbari and Mohammad S Khan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:3

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Fetus in fetu is a rare abnormality secondary to the abnormal embryogenesis in a diamniotic, monochorionic pregnancy. It is a rare pathological condition and fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the lite...

    Authors: Nisreen M Khalifa, Doaa W Maximous and Alaa A Abd-Elsayed

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:2

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) can involve the heart and cause severe heart failure. Cardiac involvement is usually described in the advanced stages of the disease. We report the case of a woman in whom...

    Authors: Fabio Fabbian, Nevio Stabellini, Sergio Sartori, Paola Tombesi, Arrigo Aleotti, Maurizio Bergami, Simona Uggeri, Adriana Galdi, Christian Molino and Luigi Catizone

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:187

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