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  1. Prurigo nodularis is an unusual disorder of unknown aetiology, which is notoriously resistant to therapy, and is characterized by extremely pruritic nodules with well-defined clinical symptoms and histopatholo...

    Authors: Michael Katotomichelakis, Dimitrios G Balatsouras, Konstantinos Bassioukas, Nikolaos Kontogiannis, Konstantinos Simopoulos and Vassilios Danielides

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:243

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Pelvo-ureteric junction obstruction and duplex kidney are common radiological findings. However, pelvo-ureteric junction obstruction in a duplex kidney is a rare finding. We present the case of a patient who p...

    Authors: James Lenton and Tze Wah

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:241

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Diagnosis of Takayasu's arteritis as the cause of stroke is often delayed because of non-specific clinical presentation. F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography may help to acc...

    Authors: Carl-Albrecht Haensch, Dirk-Armin Röhlen and Stefan Isenmann

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:239

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Cystinosis is a hereditary storage disease resulting in intracellular accumulation of cystine and crystal formation that causes deterioration of the function of many organs. The major clinical symptom is renal...

    Authors: Marcus Müller, Andrea Baumeier, EB Ringelstein and IW Husstedt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:235

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Mycobacterium tuberculosis may cause a large variety of clinical presentations due to its ability to disseminate by contiguity or hematogenously. Tuberculosis may remain undiagnosed for years due to the chronic ...

    Authors: Olivier Clerc, Katia Jaton, Guy Prod'hom, Ludwig Von Segesser, Vincent Greloz and Gilbert Greub

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:233

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Ranitidine hydrochloride (Zantac®), a histamine-2-receptor antagonist, is a widely used medication with an excellent safety record. Anaphylactic reaction to ranitidine is an extremely rare event and a related dea...

    Authors: Antonio Oliva, Sara Partemi, Vincenzo Arena, Fabio De Giorgio, Catia Colecchi, Nadia Fucci and Vincenzo L Pascali

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:232

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Common manifestations of multiple myeloma include osteolytic lesions, cytopenias, hypercalcemia, and renal insufficiency. Patients may also exhibit heart failure which is often associated with either past ther...

    Authors: Jason Robin, Bara Fintel, Olga Pikovskaya, Charles Davidson, Jeffrey Cilley and James Flaherty

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:229

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Oncocytic neoplasms occur in several organs and are most commonly found in the thyroid, kidneys and salivary glands. Oncocytic neoplasms of the adrenal cortex are extremely rare and are usually non-functioning.

    Authors: Ozlem Yersal Kabayegit, Dilek Soysal, Gonca Oruk, Bahar Ustaoglu, Umut Kosan, Serife Solmaz and Arzu Avci

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:228

    Content type: Case report

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  9. We present the case of a patient with colon cancer who, while receiving bevacizumab, developed sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (veno-occlusive disease) (SOSVOD). Certain antitumour agents such as 6-mercaptopur...

    Authors: Vijay Agarwal, Joseph Sgouros, Jacqueline Smithson, JPA Lodge, Abdul Razack, Anne Campbell and Anthony Maraveyas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:227

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder characterized pathologically by the presence of non-caseating granulomas in involved tissues. Depressed cellular immunity predisposes patients to infections ...

    Authors: Georgios S Papaetis, Angelos Pefanis, Solon Solomon, Ioannis Tsangarakis, Dora Orphanidou and Apostolos Achimastos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:226

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and feeding jejunostomy are used for providing long-term nutritional support to patients with neurological disorders. Various mechanical complications of these procedures ar...

    Authors: Nicholas A Stylianides, Ravindra S Date, Kishor G Pursnani and Jeremy B Ward

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:224

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Goodpasture's syndrome consists of a triad of pulmonary hemorrhage, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies, either in circulation or fixed to the kid...

    Authors: Arunachalam Ramaswami, Thiraviyam Kandaswamy, Tholappan Rajendran, Hla Aung, Chakko K Jacob, Haji Shaukat Zinna and Pemasiri Upali Telesinge

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:223

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Tumor rupture and pulmonary metastasis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma are both associated with poor prognosis and treatment strategies are controversial.

    Authors: Kai-Lun Shih, Yang-Yuan Chen, Tsung-Han Teng and Maw-Soan Soon

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:222

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Influenza virus-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy is a severe childhood illness with a poor prognosis. Adult case reports are rare and, to date, there have been no reports of adults with a mild subcortica...

    Authors: En Kimura, Sadahisa Okamoto, Yuji Uchida, Tomoo Hirahara, Tokunori Ikeda, Teruyuki Hirano and Makoto Uchino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:220

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Primary neoplastic lesions presenting with a mucocele of the appendix are very rare and can be divided into benign variants of mucinous adenomas or cystadenomas, mucinous tumours of uncertain malignant potenti...

    Authors: Andreas Krieg, Jan Schulte am Esch 2nd, Ludger W Poll, Stefan Braunstein and Wolfram T Knoefel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:218

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy can result in severe disability with only one in five patients able to fully resume prior activities. Therefore, it is important to diagnose this condition early and begin appropri...

    Authors: Nnamdi Nwaejike, HAP Archbold and Darrin S Wilson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:216

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Hydrocarbon pneumonitis is an acute, intense pneumonitis resulting from aspiration of volatile hydrocarbon compounds with low viscosity and surface tension, most of which are members of the paraffin, naphthene...

    Authors: Efrosyni Mylonaki, Vasileios Voutsas, Dimitrios Antoniou, Despina Papakosta, Theodoros Kontakiotis, Anna Skordalaki, Evagelos Vafiadis and Pandora Christaki

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:214

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Kaposi's sarcoma is a vascular neoplasm mainly affecting the skin of the lower extremities. Although it is the most common neoplasm affecting patients with AIDS, sporadic cases in HIV-negative people have been...

    Authors: Christophoros Kosmidis, Christopher Efthimiadis, Georgios Anthimidis, Georgia karayannopoulou, Marios Grigoriou, Kalliopi Vassiliadou, Eleni Berovali, Panagiotis Fachantidis and Epaminondas Fahantidis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:213

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Independent lung ventilation is a form of protective ventilation strategy used in adult asymmetric acute lung injury, where the application of conventional mechanical ventilation can produce ventilator-induced...

    Authors: Matteo Di Nardo, Daniela Perrotta, Francesca Stoppa, Corrado Cecchetti, Marco Marano and Nicola Pirozzi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:212

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Growth retardation is one of the cardinal manifestations of glycogen storage disease type Ia. It is unclear which component of the growth hormone and/or insulin-like growth factor axis is primarily disrupted, ...

    Authors: Selcuk Dagdelen, Aysegul Atmaca, Ayfer Alikasifoglu and Tomris Erbas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:210

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Francisella tularensis, a facultative intracellular Gram-negative bacterium, has rarely been reported as an agent of pericarditis, generally described as a complication of tularemia sepsis. F. tularensis is a fa...

    Authors: Cécile Landais, Pierre-Yves Levy, Gilbert Habib and Didier Raoult

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:206

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Mitral annular calcification is a common echocardiographic finding, especially in the elderly. Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus, however, is a relatively rare variant, having an echocardiographic pr...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Paolo G Pino, Herribert Pavaci, Martina Sordi and Francesco Musumeci

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:205

    Content type: Case report

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  23. This case illustrates the unusual complication of granulomatous peritonitis following rupture of a dermoid cyst in pregnancy resembling disseminated ovarian carcinoma. To the best of the authors' knowledge, th...

    Authors: Sachchidananda Maiti, Zamurrad Fatima, ZK Anjum and RE Hopkins

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:203

    Content type: Case report

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  24. It has been stated that regulation of the development of the iliac bone is different from that of the ischium and pubis. There are well-known clinical syndromes concerned with hypoplasia of ischiopubic bone, s...

    Authors: Aly Saber

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:202

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The presentation of cystic fibrosis is dependant upon which organs are affected. Common presentations include chronic respiratory infections and malabsorption. Patients with atypical disease tend to present la...

    Authors: Deepak Joshi, Anil Dhawan, Alistair J Baker and Michael A Heneghan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:201

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a small vessel vasculitis that affects mainly the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. The central nervous system is also occasionally affected, although the majority o...

    Authors: Lazarus Karamadoukis, Linmarie Ludeman and Anthony J Williams

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:200

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The differential diagnoses of acute abdomen in children include common and rare pathologies. Within this list, different types of bezoars causing gastrointestinal obstruction have been reported in the literatu...

    Authors: Abdulzahra Hussain, Hind Mahmood, Tarun Singhal and Shamsi El-Hasani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:199

    Content type: Case report

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  28. A large part of research into drug addiction focuses on mesolimbic dopamine circuitry; however, both alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid and/or kainate and dopamine D2 receptors can play a...

    Authors: Beatriz Arbaizar, Inés Gómez-Acebo and Javier Llorca

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:198

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Gastrojejunocolic (GJC) fistulae represent a significant post-surgical cause of morbidity and mortality. GJC fistulae represent rare post-surgical complications, and most are associated with gastric surgery. I...

    Authors: Jin-Ming Wu, Ming-Yang Wang, Po-Huang Lee and Ming-Tsan Lin

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:193

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Immediate-type hypersensitivity to glucocorticosteroids is rare but well known among allergists. Surprisingly, very few reports of glucocorticosteroid hypersensitivity in children exist although glucocorticost...

    Authors: Sylvia Lehmann and Hagen Ott

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:186

    Content type: Case report

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