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  1. Nerve damage in leprosy patients leads to deformities and disabilities. Oral corticosteroids are given early to prevent permanent injury. We present a new approach to treat well-established nerve damage with l...

    Authors: Sherine G Nashed, Tarek A Rageh, Emad S Attallah-Wasif and Alaa A Abd-Elsayed

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:381

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Acute renal failure in multiple myeloma is most frequently caused by cast nephropathy, when excess monoclonal free light chains co-precipitate with Tamm-Horsfall protein in the distal nephron, causing tubular ...

    Authors: Kolitha Basnayake, Colin Hutchison, Dia Kamel, Michael Sheaff, Neil Ashman, Mark Cook, Heather Oakervee, Arthur Bradwell and Paul Cockwell

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:380

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has increasingly been reported in the medical literature in recent years. Much is still unknown regarding risk factors and clinical relationships. We contribute this case report to the...

    Authors: Tara C Gangadhar, Elisabeth Von der Lohe, Stephen G Sawada and Paul R Helft

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:379

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Penetrating injuries of the hand with various sharp objects have previously been reported. In this report we describe an unusual penetrating injury of the hand caused by a door handle.

    Authors: Kiran Singisetti, Michail Kokkinakis and Nanjappa Shankar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:377

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign entity defined as the presence of multiple calcified nodules within the scrotal skin. There are controversies about the origin of this entity. In fact, it is still debatable...

    Authors: Alper Parlakgumus, Emine T Canpolat, Kenan Calıskan, Tamer Colakoglu, Sedat Yıldırım, Ali Ezer and Turgut Noyan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:375

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Lemierre's syndrome is septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein leading to metastatic septic complications following an oropharyngeal infection. It is usually caused by the anaerobe, Fusobacterium nec...

    Authors: Tamilarasu Kadhiravan, Paramasivan Piramanayagam, Amit Banga, Rajiva Gupta and Surendra K Sharma

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:374

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Cystic fibrosis afflicted lungs support the growth of many bacteria rarely implicated in other cases of human infections.

    Authors: Magalie Menuet, Fadi Bittar, Nathalie Stremler, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Jacques Sarles, Didier Raoult and Jean-Marc Rolain

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:373

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Malignant ascites is often a sign of a terminal stage in several malignant diseases. To control ascites, drainage and intra-abdominal chemotherapy are often used in those patients but eradication of ascites is...

    Authors: Hideki Kimura, Toshihiko Iizasa, Aki Ishikawa, Mitsuru Yoshino, Masato Shingyouji, Masaki Kimura, Tetushi Hirata, Akiko Odaka and Keiko Matsubayasi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:372

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Acute patellar dislocation is a relatively common problem. The most common dislocation is laterally in the coronal plane. Sometimes spontaneous reduction occurs, but if not, closed reduction can easily be done...

    Authors: Frederick Michels, Nicole Pouliart and Dirk Oosterlinck

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:371

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection is associated with a range of neurological conditions. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare presentation; acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is the common...

    Authors: Derek J Sloan, Andrew Nicolson, Alastair RO Miller, Nick J Beeching and Mike BJ Beadsworth

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:370

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Capnocytophaga are a genus of bacteria that have been found to be the causative organisms in a range of infections, including serious conditions such as bacteraemia, endocarditis and meningitis. This has been es...

    Authors: Jonathan M Mills, Emma Lofthouse, Phil Roberts and Johannis A Karas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:369

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is an immune-mediated syndrome that typically has a rapidly progressive course that can result in pancytopenia, coagulopathy, multi-system organ failure and death.

    Authors: Kathryn Chan, Eric Behling, David S Strayer, William S Kocher and Scott K Dessain

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:367

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare pathology of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation and fibrosis in the mesentery. Its protean clinical and radiological manifestations make it a diagnostic challenge....

    Authors: Abdul M Zafar, Muhamad A Rauf, Tabish Chawla and Gule Khanda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:365

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Lung cancer is currently one of the most common malignancies in the world. Early detection is an important prognostic factor. Unfortunately, initial symptoms may be vague and a substantial proportion of cases ...

    Authors: Matthew A Embley, Rebecca B Goody and Mahmood Mughrabi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:364

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Hydrocoele is a condition frequently encountered in adult urological practice. It is usually of benign aetiology and often diagnosed on clinical grounds. Surgical repair, if indicated, is generally straightfor...

    Authors: George Yardy, Akkib Rafique, Iain Sellers, Lawrence Berman and Nigel Bullock

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:363

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) is known to be caused by high-dose corticosteroid therapy, alcoholism and rarely by infections. However, a tubercular etiology of this condition is very rare. A review of the...

    Authors: Renu Agarwal, Ruchika Gupta, Sompal Singh, Kusum Gupta and Madhur Kudesia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:361

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare condition that requires treatment by whole-lung lavage. We report a case of severe pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and discuss a safe and effective strategy for the anae...

    Authors: Stephen T Webb, Adrian JR Evans, A James Varley and Andrew A Klein

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:360

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The resulting large cysts in the lung are a special clinical entity called giant hydatid cysts.

    Authors: Nagi Homesh Ghallab and Ali Ali Alsabahi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:359

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Case reports are important instruments to describe rare disease conditions and give a rough estimation of their global incidence. Even though collected in international databases, most case reports are publish...

    Authors: Martin W Dünser, Otgon Bataar, Albert H Rusher, Walter R Hasibeder and Ganbat Tsenddorj

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:358

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Herpes simplex infection is most commonly a benign, self-limiting disease with mucocutaneous lesions and mild viremia. Immunosuppressed patients are at a higher risk of disseminated infection, as are neonates ...

    Authors: Shaheen E Lakhan and Lindsey Harle

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:356

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Monosomy 1p36 is one of the most common terminal deletion syndromes, with an approximate incidence of 1 in every 5000 live births. This syndrome is associated with several pronounced clinical features includin...

    Authors: Gregory J. Fitzgibbon, Jill Clayton-Smith, Siddharth Banka, Susan J. Hamilton, Margaret M. Needham, Jonathan K. Dore, Jake T. Miller, Gareth D. Pawson and Lorraine Gaunt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:355

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Predictive genetic screening and regular screening programs in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 are intended to detect and treat malignant tumors at the earliest stage possible. Malignant neur...

    Authors: Jens Waldmann, Nils Habbe, Volker Fendrich, Emily P. Slater, Peter H. Kann, Matthias Rothmund and Peter Langer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:354

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Diabetic hemichorea-hemiballismus is a rare complication of type 2 diabetes. Here, we report a case with type 1 diabetes, with hemichorea and bilateral dystonia manifested as hyperglycemia-induced involuntary ...

    Authors: Akihiro Yasuhara, Jun Wada and Hirofumi Makino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:352

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Pleomorphic adenomas are the most common benign tumour of the major salivary glands. In addition, they may also occur in the minor salivary glands of the hard and soft palate. Intranasal pleomorphic adenomas a...

    Authors: Polycarp Gana and Liam Masterson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:349

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Devic's neuromyelitis optica is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that targets the optic nerves and spinal cord. It has a worldwide distribution and distinctive features that distinguish it from multiple s...

    Authors: Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Edward O. Komolafe, Taofiki A. Sunmonu, S. O. Olateju, C. M. Asaleye, Olufemi A. Adesina and S. A. Badmus

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:348

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Dermatosis neglecta is an often misdiagnosed and under-diagnosed condition. In dermatosis neglecta, a progressive accumulation of sebum, sweat, keratin and other dirt and debris, occurs due to inadequate local...

    Authors: Syed Nurul Rasool Qadir, Amer Ejaz and Naeem Raza

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:347

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Gastric volvulus is a rare condition. Presenting acutely, mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus has characteristic symptoms and may be easily detected with upper gastrointestinal contrast studies. In contrast, subac...

    Authors: Colin Yi-Loong Woon, Alexander Yaw-Fui Chung, Albert Su-Chong Low and Wai-Keong Wong

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:343

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Distal arterial embolisation and subsequent aneurysm formation are rare occurrences and most are secondary to trauma. We have found no case reports that describe posterior tibial aneurysm formation secondary t...

    Authors: S Patel, N D'Souza, SV Gurjar, JC Hewes and W Edrees

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:341

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The use of anabolic supplements and other related drugs for body building and to enhance athletic performance is nowadays widespread and acutely pervasive all around the world. This alarming increase in the us...

    Authors: Ali A Samaha, Walid Nasser-Eddine, Elizabeth Shatila, John J Haddad, Jaafar Wazne and Ali H Eid

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:340

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome is a complication of group A streptococcal infection, most often originating from the skin. The syndrome is characterized by fever, hypotension and multiple organ failure. Mo...

    Authors: Henrik Endeman, David A. Ligtenstein and Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:338

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Transfusion-related acute lung injury is emerging as a common cause of transfusion-related adverse events. However, awareness about this entity in the medical fraternity is low and it, consequently, remains a ...

    Authors: Altaf Gauhar Haji, Shekhar Sharma, D. K. Vijaykumar and Jerry Paul

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:336

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The recognition of neonatal intestinal perforation relies on identification of free gas in the peritoneum on plain abdominal radiographs and the associated clinical signs. The neonatal bowel takes several hour...

    Authors: Martin J. Gillies, Moti M. Chowdhury and Kokila Lakhoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:335

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Schwannoma arising from the glossopharyngeal nerve is a rare intracranial tumor. Fewer than 40 cases have been reported. Accurate pre-operative diagnosis and optimal treatment are still difficult.

    Authors: Hongyu Zhao, Xiaodong Li, Qingjie Lv, Yuhui Yuan and Hongwei Yu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:334

    Content type: Case report

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  34. There are only a few reports on laparoscopic pyeloplasty in kidney abnormalities and only one case for laparoscopic pyeloplasty in a duplicated system. Increasing experience in laparoscopic techniques allows p...

    Authors: Konstantinos G. Stravodimos, Ioannis Anastasiou, Ioannis Adamakis, Theodoros Kapetanakis, Georgios Koritsiadis and Constantinos Constantinides

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:333

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy is a minimally invasive technique that has been used increasingly in the treatment of mammographically detected, non-palpable breast lesions. Clip placement at the biopsy site is ...

    Authors: George C. Zografos, Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N. Sergentanis, Marios Panou, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Georgia Giannakopoulou, George M. Filippakis, George Papadimitriou and Sophia Stamouli

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:332

    Content type: Case report

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