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  1. Choledochal cyst is an uncommon congenital disease of the biliary tract in the UK. There are five main types of choledochal cyst with several recognised sub-types. However, occasional variants do occur.

    Authors: Javaid Sadiq, Biplap Nandi and Kokila Lakhoo

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:54

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Melanoma is responsible for 1% to 2% of all cancer deaths around the world. Nodular melanoma often carries a poor prognosis because of no prodromal radial growth phase, early distant metastasis and significant...

    Authors: Mehmet Ali Erkurt, Ismet Aydogdu, Irfan Kuku, Emin Kaya and Yalcin Basaran

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:50

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Self-inflicted foreign bodies in the male urethra and urinary bladder are an emergency that urologists may rarely have to face. A case of an electrical wire inserted in the male urethra and coiled in the bladd...

    Authors: Konstantinos G Stravodimos, Georgios Koritsiadis and Georgios Koutalellis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:49

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Acute renal failure caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs administered at therapeutic doses is generally mild, non-anuric and transitory. There are no publications on indomethacin toxicity secondary t...

    Authors: Felipe González, Jesús López-Herce and Cinta Moraleda

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:47

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has become a significant cause of healthcare-associated infections, but few reports have addressed Acinetobacter baumannii infections associated with orthopedic devices...

    Authors: Alison M Beieler, Robert W Belknap, Michael R Dayton, Connie S Price and Steve J Morgan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:45

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Bile duct injury is a severe and potentially life-threatening complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Several series have described a 0.5% to 0.6% incidence of bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholec...

    Authors: Andreas Manouras, Nikolaos Pararas, Pantelis Antonakis, Emannuel E Lagoudiannakis, George Papageorgiou, Ioannis G Dalianoudis and Manoussos M Konstadoulakis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:44

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Lactating adenoma is a benign condition, representing the most prevalent breast lesion in pregnant women and during puerperium; in this paper, a case of a woman with lactating adenoma occurring during the firs...

    Authors: Stefano Magno, Daniela Terribile, Gianluca Franceschini, Cristina Fabbri, Federica Chiesa, Alba Di Leone, Melania Costantini, Paolo Belli and Riccardo Masetti

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:43

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Hyperacute rejection may be prevented by avoiding the transplantation of kidneys into patients with pre-existing anti-donor Class I human leukocyte antigen antibodies. However, the role of anti-donor-Class II-...

    Authors: John Hartono, Bhavna Lavingia, Peter Stastny, Martin Senitko, Miguel Vazquez, Juan Arenas and Christopher Lu

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:41

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Sternoclavicular septic arthritis is a rare condition and accounts only for 1% of cases of septic arthritis in the general population. The most common risk factors are intravenous drug use, central-line infect...

    Authors: Iraklis E Katsoulis, Manuela Bossi, Nisal Damani and Jeremy I Livingstone

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:40

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The association of systemic lupus erythematosus with malignancies is an uncommon occurrence. We present the case of an osteosarcoma of the urinary bladder developing in a patient with a prolonged history of ac...

    Authors: Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Cigdem Himmetoglu, Sertac Yazici, Halil Kiziloz and Haluk Ozen

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:39

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Abdominal pregnancy is a rare event, but one that represents a grave risk to the health of the pregnant woman. An abdominal pregnancy is defined as an ectopic pregnancy that implants in the peritoneal cavity. ...

    Authors: Bhandary Amritha, Thirunavukkarasu Sumangali, Ballal Priya, Shedde Deepak and Rai Sharadha

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:38

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Bacterial infections may appear as sequelae of remote tuberculous infections, especially thoracic infections. The simultaneous appearance of tuberculosis and bacterial infection is not common, and, to our know...

    Authors: Ramón Rabuñal, Juan Corredoira, Rafael Monte and Amparo Coira

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:37

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Lassa fever is an acute arena viral haemorrhagic fever with varied neurological sequelae. Sensorineural hearing loss is one of the rare complications which occur usually during the convalescent stage of the in...

    Authors: Peter O. Okokhere, Titus S. Ibekwe and George O. Akpede

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:36

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Synchronous composite tumors are uncommon. Simultaneous, rather than metachronous or consecutive, occurrences of eosinophilic granuloma and Hodgkin's lymphoma in children are very rare. This is the first repor...

    Authors: Soheila Sarmadi, Amir B. Heidari, Amir H. Sina and Mohammad A. Ehsani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:35

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Lower Spigelian hernia is a very rare entity. The clinical findings are similar to those of inguinal hernias and in many cases may be misdiagnosed. In the literature, only a few references to this entity have ...

    Authors: Efstratios Christianakis, Nikolaos Paschalidis, Georgios Filippou, Spiros Rizos, Dimitrios Smailis and Dimitrios Filippou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:34

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Femoral nerve compression due to a cystic lesion around the hip joint is rare and only a few cases have been described in the literature. Among these, true ganglion cysts are even more rare.

    Authors: Aydıner Kalacı, Yunus Dogramaci, Teoman Toni Sevinç and Ahmet Nedim Yanat

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:33

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Cutaneous metastases in the facial region occur in less than 0.5% of patients with metastatic cancer. They are an important finding and are not often the first sign leading to diagnosis.

    Authors: Nikolaos Barbetakis, Georgios Samanidis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Elpida Samanidou, Zoi Tzimorota, Christos Asteriou, Persefoni Xirou and Christodoulos Tsilikas

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:32

    Content type: Case report

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  18. We report an unusual and interesting case of a 24-year-old woman with nephropathic cystinosis in association with concomitant isolated noncompaction of the left ventricle. Left ventricular noncompaction usuall...

    Authors: Ibrar Ahmed, Thanh Trung Phan, Graham W Lipkin and Michael Frenneaux

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:31

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Tuberculous pleural effusions are not always easy to diagnose but the presence of a lymphocyte-rich exudate associated with an increased adenosine deaminase level and a positive skin test result are highly sen...

    Authors: Carlos Fernández de Larrea, Aglae Duplat, Ismar Rivera-Olivero and Jacobus H de Waard

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:30

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Diverticulosis coli is the most common disease of the colon in Western countries. Giant colonic diverticulum, defined as a colonic diverticulum measuring 4 cm in size or larger, represents an unusual manifesta...

    Authors: Ayman S Abdelrazeq, Anwar E Owais, Munther I Aldoori and Ian D Botterill

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:29

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Branding refers to a process whereby third degree burns are inflicted on the skin with a hot iron rod or metallic object. Branding employs the phenomenon of "counter irritation," and is widely used by faith he...

    Authors: Shahzad Raza, Khalid Mahmood, Abdul Hakeem, Sylvie Polsky, Anna Haemel, Soniya Rai and Mahadi Ali Baig

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:25

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Although acute myocardial infarction is generally associated with obstructive coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction associated with normal coronary arteries is a well-known condition. The overall prev...

    Authors: Luigi Iuliano, Fausta Micheletta, Alessandro Napoli and Carlo Catalano

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:24

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Bronchobiliary fistula is an uncommon complication secondary to hepatobiliary surgery. Bilioptysis is a pathognomic finding for bronchobiliary fistulas. Diagnosis may be easily established in the light of clin...

    Authors: Unal Aydin, Pinar Yazici, Fatih Tekin, Omer Ozutemiz and Ahmet Coker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:23

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Echinococcosis and/or hydatidosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases in the world. In Turkey, echinococcosis is an endemic disease, however, hydatid disease of the lung is uncommon and usually caus...

    Authors: Celal Tekinbas, Suleyman Turedi, Abdulkadir Gunduz and M Muharrem Erol

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:21

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Acute kidney injury in the setting of adult minimal change disease is associated with proteinuria, hypertension and hyperlipidemia but anemia is usually absent. Renal biopsies exhibit foot process effacement a...

    Authors: Yimei Qian, Sushil K Mehandru, Nancy Gornish and Elliot Frank

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:20

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Hepatic artery aneurysms remain a clinically significant entity. Their incidence continues to rise slowly and mortality from spontaneous rupture is high. Repair is recommended in those aneurysms greater than 2...

    Authors: SS Jaunoo, TY Tang, C Uzoigwe, SR Walsh and ME Gaunt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:18

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The improved survival of children with brain tumors has increased concerns about treatment-related sequelae. Growth hormone deficiency is frequently observed after craniospinal irradiation for medulloblastoma....

    Authors: Veronica Biassoni, Federica Pallotti, Filippo Spreafico, Ettore Seregni, Lorenza Gandola, Antonella Martinetti, Emilio Bombardieri and Maura Massimino

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:17

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Bilateral macular hemorrhage is a rare ocular finding and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of such hemorrhages as a presentation of drug-induced anemia.

    Authors: Rubens N Belfort, Bruno F Fernandes, André Romano, Ricardo Nose, Jonathan Cools-Lartigue, Eduardo V Navajas, Garles MM Vieira, Renato Delascio Lopes and Rubens Belfort Jr

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:16

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Osteopetrosis introduces technical limitations to the traditional treatment of fracture management that may be minimised with specific pre-operative planning. Extreme care and caution are required when drillin...

    Authors: Imran Rafiq, Amit Kapoor, David JC Burton and John F Haines

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:15

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Fibrous dysplasia is a benign tumour of the bones and is a disease of unknown aetiology. This report discusses a case of proptosis and visual deterioration with associated bony mass involving the right orbit.

    Authors: Charles O Bekibele, Olubayo A Fasola, Vickie N Okojie, Opeyemi O Komolafe, Olayiwola A Oluwasola, Jude K Emejulu, Ayotunde I Ajaiyeoba and Aderonke M Baiyeroju

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:14

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The term "intracystic papillary ductal carcinoma in situ" has recently changed and is now more appropriately referred to "intracystic papillary carcinoma". Intracystic papillary carcinoma in men is an extremely r...

    Authors: Laszlo Romics Jr, M Emmet O'Brien, Norma Relihan, Fionnuala O'Connell and H Paul Redmond

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:13

    Content type: Case report

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  32. In Crohn's disease, the extension of active terminal ileitis into a Meckel's diverticulum is possible, but usually has no impact on clinical decision-making. We describe an original surgical approach in a youn...

    Authors: Frank Schwenter, Pascal Gervaz, Philippe de Saussure, Thomas McKee and Philippe Morel

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:12

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Oral melanoacanthoma is a rare, benign pigmented lesion characterized clinically by the sudden appearance and rapid growth of a macular brown-black lesion and histologically by acanthosis of the superficial ep...

    Authors: Vidya Lakshminarayanan and Kannan Ranganathan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:11

    Content type: Case report

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  34. The existence of a graft-versus-lymphoma effect is well established. When lacking a firm diagnosis, however, the clinician is challenged to to weigh the potential benefits of the graft-versus-lymphoma effect a...

    Authors: Gerhard Behre, Thomas Weber, Sebastian Theurich and Maximilian Christopeit

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:10

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Williams syndrome is rare genetic disorder resulting in neurodevelopmental problems. Hernias of the foramen of Morgagni are rare diaphragmatic hernias and they mostly present on the right side, in the anterior...

    Authors: Farhan Rashid, Ramakrishna Chaparala, Javed Ahmed and Syed Y Iftikhar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the third most common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma subtype. Clinical presentation is often insidious as a low-grade lesion and disease tends to remain localised f...

    Authors: Rowland Storey, Marcel Gatt and Ian Bradford

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute demyelinating disorder of the peripheral nervous system that results from an aberrant immune response directed at peripheral nerves. Autonomic abnormalities in Guillain-Barr...

    Authors: Mehul B Patel, Sandeep K Goyal, Sujeeth R Punnam, Khyati Pandya, Vipin Khetarpal and Ranjan K Thakur

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:5

    Content type: Case report

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  38. A case of Lactococcus lactis cremoris causing cholangitis is described. This Gram-positive organism is not routinely considered to be pathogenic in immunocompetent individuals. To our knowledge, this is the thirt...

    Authors: Jane Davies, Michael David Burkitt and Alastair Watson

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:3

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Isolated cases of epicarditis are rare. Thus far, all have occurred with constrictive physiology as most cases involve both parietal and visceral pericardium. We report the first case of asymptomatic epicardit...

    Authors: Asa M Margolis, Andrew B Emmerman, Mario Rascon and Saima I Chaudhry

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:2

    Content type: Case report

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