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  1. May–Thurner syndrome is a vascular disorder caused by the right common iliac artery compressing the left common iliac vein against the lumbar spine, causing distal venous stasis and potentially leading to fibr...

    Authors: Kevin D. Seely, Heidi J. Arreola, Loveleen K. Paul, Jordan A. Higgs, Benjamin Brooks and Randal C. Anderson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:411
  2. A congenital band is an uncommon abnormality that can be found anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. Intestinal obstruction caused by an anomalous congenital band is very rare in children. To the best of ...

    Authors: Gulan Maree, Ali Alelayan, Ferhad Hemi, Waseem Shater, Alaa Ghuzlan and Wajih Ali
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:433
  3. Diagnosis of venous aneurysm may be difficult and can be misjudged as mass-like lesions, including hernias. Here we present the case of a patient with a great saphenous vein aneurysm misdiagnosed and operated ...

    Authors: Hamed Ghoddusi Johari, Hamidreza Malekhosseini, Amirhossein Erfani and Reza Shahriarirad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:410
  4. Coronavirus disease 2019 has changed the pattern of some diseases in the world, especially in pediatrics. Despite data suggesting that the pediatric population is less affected by coronavirus disease-19 infect...

    Authors: Mohammad Hasan Aelami, Abdolreza Malek and Amin Saeidinia
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:432
  5. Anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 encephalitis is a newly emerged entity characterized by frequent faciobrachial dystonic seizures and a wide spectrum of subacute clinical symptoms such as other seizure t...

    Authors: Sanaz Ahmadi Karvigh, Saeideh Salehizadeh and Fahimeh Vahabizad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:409
  6. Abacavir is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is used as a component of the antiretroviral treatment regimen in the management of the human immunodeficiency virus for both adults and children. ...

    Authors: Mathew K. Koech, Shamim M. Ali, Mercy J. Karoney and Gabriel Kigen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:407
  7. Opportunistic infections are frequent in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus who either do not have access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) or use it irregularly. Tuberculosis is the most freque...

    Authors: Gleiciere Maia Silva, Bruna Rodrigues de Sousa, Kaliny Benicio Torres, Rejane Pereira Neves, Heloisa Ramos Lacerda de Melo and Reginaldo Gonçalves de Lima-Neto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:429
  8. Kaposi sarcoma is a vascular tumor highly related to human herpesvirus-8 and Kaposi sarcoma–associated herpesvirus. Kaposi sarcoma usually manifests as skin or mucosal lesions; involvement in visceral organs s...

    Authors: Pei-Jui Wu, Chi-Shu Sun, Hsing-Tao Kuo, Ming-Jen Sheu, Cheng-Yi Lin, Su-Hung Wang, Chun-Chi Yang, Chi‐Hsing Chen, Shih-Sung Chuang and I-Che Feng
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:424
  9. Children with nephrotic syndrome are at increased risk of infections, including bacterial peritonitis, pneumonia, and cellulitis. However, bacterial meningitis, a potentially life-threatening complication, has...

    Authors: David Guernsey, Aparna Arun, Rabia Agha and Juan C. Kupferman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:403
  10. Most testicular tumors are germ cell tumors; sex cord stromal tumors are infrequent, accounting for only 3–5% of testicular tumors. Unclassified sex cord stromal tumors are extremely rare. Generally, 10% of se...

    Authors: Shingo Morinaga, Shigeyuki Aoki, Toyonori Tsuzuki, Keiko Kanematsu, Naoki Kawai, Sayuri Sato, Kotomi Nakamizu, Kana Goto, Miho Niwa, Ikuko Nomura, Tomoko Sawada, Ruriko Futamachi, Fujio Morita and Yoshiaki Yamada
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:406
  11. There is ample evidence indicating that immunosuppressive therapy or immune dysregulation in systemic lupus erythematosus increases the risk for tuberculosis. Interestingly, a few case reports suggest that tub...

    Authors: Shekhar, Nikita Yogesh Gupta and Avi Ravi Harisingani
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:428
  12. Tapia’s syndrome is a rare complication of airway manipulation under general anesthesia. Injuries to the vagus nerve (X) and hypoglossal nerve (XII) during transoral intubation are the primary cause of the dis...

    Authors: Luan Xie, Zhenyu Xiong, Weihong Xiao, Yingnan Mo, Xiangliang Li, Xuan Zhuang, Ying Yang and Haipeng Jin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:408
  13. Down’s syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality in humans. It has been associated with central nervous system tumors such as primary acute lymphoblastic leukemia and germinomas, but desmoplastic inf...

    Authors: Muhammad Hamza Habib, Mehvish Zahra Alavi, Amber Goraya, Samina Zaman and Alia Ahmed
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:427
  14. Body stuffing and body packing are two methods of concealing illicit drugs. Body stuffing is defined as the oral ingestion of illicit drugs, typically to avoid law enforcement detection or other consequences o...

    Authors: Tegan Schmidt, Yuliya Matolina, Arianna S. Neeki, Carlos Peace, Benjamin Archambeau, Fanglong Dong and Michael M. Neeki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:426

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:185

  15. There have hardly been any reported cases of children presenting with Kaposi sarcoma as a second malignancy following treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia outside a transplant setting.

    Authors: Richard Nyeko, Fadhil Geriga, Racheal Angom and Joyce Balagadde Kambugu
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:405
  16. Recently, an unknown hepatitis outbreak among children has concerned many individuals worldwide. These cases are frequently reported, mainly from Europe and other countries. In this study, we present two simil...

    Authors: Ali Ghanei-Shahmirzadi, Hamid Reihani, Ali Abbasi-Kashkooli, Fereshteh Karbasian, Seyyed Bozorgmehr Hedayati, Mohammadreza Bordbar, Maryam Ataollahi, Seyed Mohsen Dehghani and Bita Geramizadeh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:422
  17. The advent of immunotherapies has ushered in a new era in the treatment of non-small cell lung carcinoma. Although immunotherapies are associated with improved clinical outcomes, studies report a median overal...

    Authors: Jeffrey Mathew Boby, Nurul Nadia Mohd Ghazali, Anita Mani and Mathew George
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:420
  18. Human brucellosis is the most frequently contracted zoonotic infection worldwide. Although being an old disease that carries minimal risks of mortality, it remains a source of considerable sequelae and disabil...

    Authors: Sarah Gerges, Alessandro Khoury, Souheil Hallit, Fadi Hoyek and Rabih Hallit
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:418
  19. Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia is a rarely encountered B-lymphocytic malignancy. Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia-associated paraproteinaemia is linked to an increase in serum viscosity, which results in a h...

    Authors: Raeed Deen, Calyb Austin, Alexander Bowden and Andrew Bullen
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:417
  20. Psoriatic arthritis treatment with antitumor necrosis factor has been shown to reduce disease activity. Nonetheless, more than 30% of patients do not achieve a sufficient response to tumor necrosis factor bloc...

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Kutsuna, Kazunori Hino, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Kunihiko Watamori, Teruki Kidani, Hiroshi Imai and Hiromasa Miura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:402
  21. Lung involvement in inflammatory bowel diseases usually follows colitis. However, the time to lung involvement onset varies depending on the case, and pulmonary lesions are usually not parallel to exacerbation...

    Authors: Shouichi Okamoto, Kengo Koike, Mitsuaki Sekiya, Koichi Nishino, Tomoyasu Mimori and Kazuhisa Takahashi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:414
  22. We report a case of acute respiratory distress associated with a histological pattern of acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia, and discuss the possible responsibility of flecainide therapy.

    Authors: Gauthier Moureau, Elies Zarrouk, Delphine Hoton, Franck Saint-Marcoux, Lidvine Boland, Vincent Haufroid and Philippe Hantson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:404
  23. A previously healthy young male of Southeast Asian descent presented with 6 weeks of fevers, cough, mucocutaneous ulcers, arthritis, and myalgias. Initial workup revealed positive Mycoplasma pneumoniae immunoglob...

    Authors: Jessica Hoey, Jenny Lue Solomon, Brandon Kim, Steven Carsons and Julie Nusbaum
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:401
  24. Pfieffer syndrome is among the syndromes seen in the recognized variant of the FGFR2 gene. There are several conditions related to this variant and a very closely related condition is Crouzon syndrome. This ca...

    Authors: Karim P. Manji, Mariam Mngoya Massomo, Edna Samson Akyoo and McLean Abisai Luvinga
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:399
  25. We report two similar cases of patients diagnosed with hemiballismus–hemichorea syndrome secondary to uncontrolled hyperglycemia. Both patients were treated at an inpatient rehabilitation center and made a sig...

    Authors: Luke Tsai, Benjamin Shekhtman, Ryan Stenquist, Ashley Schneider, Meilani Mapa, Edwin Amirianfar and David R. Gater
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:398
  26. Lymphangiomas are rare benign malformations of the lymphatics that occur due to blockage of the lymphatic system during fetal development. They commonly occur in the neck and axilla, while involvement of the p...

    Authors: Hashan Pathiraja, Dhammike Rasnayake, Thilini Muthukumarana, Channa de Silva, Wasantha Sathkorala, Sandini Gunaratne, Shaman Rajindrajith and Sachith Mettananda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:397
  27. The use of checkpoint inhibitors has become increasingly important in the treatment of different cancers, including advanced muscle-invasive urothelial cancer and even in basal cell carcinoma. We present the c...

    Authors: Zsófia Küronya, Tímea Danyi, Tímea Balatoni, Gabriella Liszkay, Erika Tóth, Krisztina Biró and Lajos Géczi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:396
  28. Among the total reported cases of pancreatic duct adenocarcinomas, around 1–2.9% are adenosquamous carcinomas of the pancreas. Due to limited data, preoperative diagnosis is a great challenge for physicians, a...

    Authors: Daniel Paramythiotis, Filippos Kyriakidis, Eleni Karlafti, Triantafyllos Didangelos, Ilias-Marios Oikonomou, Anestis Karakatsanis, Christos Poulios, Eleni Chamalidou, Anastasios Vagionas and Antonios Michalopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:395
  29. Ankyloglossia is commonly reported as one of the major causes of breastfeeding difficulty. There is a lack of research on infant growth and latching performance with clinical measures.

    Authors: Christyann Lima Campos Batista and Alex Luiz Pozzobon Pereira
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:394
  30. Perchloroethylene is a colorless, strong-smelling substance commonly used for dry cleaning. Liver and kidney toxicities and carcinogenicity are well-known occupational hazards caused by chronic perchloroethyle...

    Authors: Alessandro Tarditi, Leda Montalbano, Stefano Spina, Francesco Marrazzo, Giampaolo Casella, Paolo Schenardi, Tommaso Conti, Ilaria Angeli, Mauro Minoli, Roberto Fumagalli and Thomas Langer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:388
  31. Anesthesia-associated rhabdomyolysis is a rare complication of surgery that causes postoperative myalgia, weakness, and potential renal failure if not managed promptly. Predisposing conditions that may lead to...

    Authors: John Floridis and Ruth Barbour
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:387
  32. We describe a case of symptomatic bradycardia resulting from ivabradine toxicity by measurement of ivabradine levels, of which there are limited reports in the literature.

    Authors: Kavisha Singh, Muthukumar R. Alagarraju, Carl E. Wolf, Justin L. Poklis, Nitin Kulkarni, William Tharpe and Parag H. Joshi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:392
  33. Up to 50% of cases of Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli hemolytic uremic syndrome occur in adults, and the clinical presentation is variable. Microbiological analyses must be performed in all patients with t...

    Authors: Elia Rigamonti, Tecla Bonora, Mariangela Ventresca and Pietro Cippà
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:384
  34. Molecular-targeted agents used as a treatment for cancer can cause some rare and serious adverse events such as, delayed wound healing. Depending on the anticancer drug used, temporary withdrawal may be recomm...

    Authors: Mioko Matsuo, Kazuki Hashimoto, Rina Jiromaru and Takashi Nakagawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:383
  35. Lightning strike is a rare but dramatic cause of injury. Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) with lightning strike frequently have a high mortality and significant long-term morbidity related to a...

    Authors: Erik Roman-Pognuz, Edoardo Moro, Elisabetta Macchini, Edoardo Di Paolo, Kenneth Pesenti, Umberto Lucangelo, Rossana Bussani, Elisa Baratella, Tommaso Pellis and Giuseppe Ristagno
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:391
  36. There is currently no information on the anatomical risk factors for splenic artery aneurysm rupture, specifically the location or size of the lesion; therefore, reporting this entity to obtain data and ultima...

    Authors: Ahmad Hosseinzadeh, Reza Shahriarirad, Vahid Asgharzadeh Majdazar, Mohammad Moeini Farsani and Seyed Mohammad Kazem Tadayon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:382
  37. Psychotic symptoms associated with hypothyroidism, also known as “myxedema psychosis,” are a treatable cause of psychosis often associated with complete recovery. While most cases receive both thyroxine and a ...

    Authors: Eric C. Chan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:378
  38. 5p deletion syndrome is known as cri-du-chat syndrome, but there are no reports on congenital diaphragmatic hernia complications associated with it.

    Authors: Tomomi Kotani, Takafumi Ushida, Noriyuki Nakamura, Kenji Imai, Yukako Iitani, Sho Tano, Shigenori Iwagaki, Yuichiro Takahashi, Miharu Ito, Masahiro Hayakawa and Hiroaki Kajiyama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:390
  39. Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common arrhythmias. The main thrombotic complication of arterial fibrillation is ischemic stroke, but it can also cause acute renal infarction from embolization. The low ...

    Authors: Tao Ge, ZhengCai Zhu, Jinfeng Wang, Wenjiao Zhou, Evelyn J. Song and Shengxing Tang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:381
  40. Cavernous venous malformation is an uncommon entity that occurs in around 0.5% of the general population. Cerebellar cavernous venous malformation accounts for 1.2–11.8% of intracranial cavernous venous malfor...

    Authors: A. H. Ibrahim, N. Mohamad, T. A. Mohd Yusof Rasid and M. S. Abdullah
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:380
  41. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive, debilitating condition characterized by increased resistance in the pulmonary arterial circulation. Current treatments for pulmonary arterial hypertension incl...

    Authors: Mariangela Lattanzio, Marco Ferrari, Stefano Martini, Francesca Ceriani, Andrea Imporzani, Franca Marino, Roberto De Ponti and Marco Cosentino
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:385
  42. An acute abdomen can have a variety of causes. A commonly missed cause of abdominal pain is direct substance abuse and its sequelae. The use of methamphetamine is rising in the United States resulting in signi...

    Authors: Surendra Sapkota, Sarah David, Sandipa Sharma, Suraj Shrestha and Abhishek Kalla
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:379
  43. Sjogren’s syndrome, an autoimmune disease of the exocrine glands, results in keratoconjunctivitis sicca, xerostomia, and dental caries. It is often overlooked, considered by clinicians to be a benign disease. ...

    Authors: Maen D. Abou Ziki, Roy Taoutel, Julian C. Hong and David N. Podell
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:374

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