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  1. Varenicline is widely used for smoking cessation. It has shown efficacy over placebo and bupropion in manufacturer-sponsored trials. Those with mental illness were excluded from these trials. There are case re...

    Authors: B Mahendri Raidoo and Eric C Kutscher
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7560
  2. We present a previously undescribed entity: trigger finger secondary to a leiomyoma. This is the first time such a case has been reported and highlights the fact that common conditions can sometimes present se...

    Authors: Ziad Harb, Quamar Bismil and David M Ricketts
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7284
  3. Polymicrobial endocarditis is a well-recognized problem in intravenous drug users and it accounts for 1 to 3% of endocarditis cases overall and up to 9% in other series. The most common combinations of organis...

    Authors: Hanady Daas, Fadi Abuhmaid and Marcus Zervos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6598
  4. Cystic lesions of the upper abdomen normally develop from pancreatic tissue. The differential diagnoses include neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Pseudocystic tumors that secondarily involve the pancreas ...

    Authors: Ursula Pauser, Sebastian Hinz, Hartmut Merz and Alfred C Feller
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7592
  5. Due to high rates of response and durable remissions, imatinib (Glivec®, or Gleevec® in the USA; Novartis Pharma AG) is the standard of care in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. Recently, a non-authorized p...

    Authors: Hadi Alphonse Goubran
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7112
  6. A case of massive facial edema and airway obstruction secondary to an acute sialadenitis is described that occurred a few hours after a neurosurgical procedure performed in the prone position. Literature on th...

    Authors: Franco Cavaliere, Giorgio Conti, Maria Giuseppina Annetta, Angelo Greco, Alessandro Cina and Rodolfo Proietti
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7073
  7. The combination of neurofibromatosis and liposarcoma is very rare. We present a case of a dedifferentiated liposarcoma in the forearm, as a complication in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1.

    Authors: Markus Dietmar Schofer, Mohammed Yousef Abu-Safieh, Jürgen Paletta, Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann and Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7071
  8. Although Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract and modern imaging techniques are available, its diagnosis remains problematic.

    Authors: Michael Pitiakoudis, George Vaos, Michael Kirmanidis, Stefanos Gardikis, Evanthia Tsalkidou and Constantinos Simopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6981
  9. Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the urinary bladder are rare and tend to occur in an older age group than do their counterparts in bones and soft tissue.

    Authors: Mohd Khaled Al Meshaan, Marwan Nayef, Talal Kwaider, Wolfgang Otto and Ken C Katchy
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6840
  10. Infarctions of the greater omentum and appendices epiploicae are uncommon, but well documented causes of acute abdominal pain. We present a rare case of torted fat on the parietal peritoneum over the anterior ...

    Authors: Kamal Sanjiva Hapuarachchi, Edward Douglas Courtney, Szabolcs Gergely and Tjun Yip Tang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6980
  11. Intrauterine contraceptive devices may at times perforate and migrate to adjacent organs. Such uterine perforation usually passes unnoticed with development of potentially serious complications.

    Authors: Maulana Mohammed Ansari, Syed Hasan Harris, Shahla Haleem, Rehan Fareed and Mohammed Feroz Khan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:7007
  12. Lemierre's syndrome is an extremely rare and almost universally fatal disease characterized as thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular venous system with subsequent metastatic infection. Fusobacterium necrophoru...

    Authors: Che M Harris, Micean Johnikin, Hope Rhodes, Theresa Fuller, Sohail R Rana, Hasan Nabhani, Dulara Hussain, Mohan Kurukumbi, Annapurni Jayam-Trouth, Jhansi Gajjala, Faria Farhat and Vinod Mody
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6658
  13. Although pharmacologic treatment remains the mainstay for treating rheumatoid arthritis, there is an increasing need for a method that biologically regenerates arthritic knee lesions as patient longevity conti...

    Authors: Seok-Jung Kim, Cheong-Ho Chang, Dong-Sam Suh, Hyun-Kwon Ha and Kyung-Hwan Suhl
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6619
  14. About 20% of the cases of human severe combined immunodeficiency are the result of the child being homozygous for defective genes encoding the enzyme adenosine deaminase. To our knowledge, the mutation pattern...

    Authors: Ali Hellani, Nidal Almassri and Khaled K Abu-Amero
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6799
  15. Renal cell carcinomas account for 85% of all renal neoplasms. With the introduction of modern imaging modalities, there has been an increased diagnosis of renal tumors. Recent studies have shown that partial n...

    Authors: Demetrios Radopoulos, Anastasios Tahmatzopoulos, Nikolaos Kalinderis and Georgios Dimitriadis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6798
  16. The use of the drug infliximab for the treatment of patients with Crohn's disease can be complicated by tuberculosis. A paradoxical reaction during antituberculosis chemotherapy and immunologic reconstitution ...

    Authors: Young Kyung Yoon, Jeong Yeon Kim, Jang Wook Sohn, Min Ja Kim, Ja Seol Koo, Jai Hyun Choi and Dae Won Park
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6673
  17. Various measures of skeletal maturity are used to initiate weaning from a brace in patients suffering from idiopathic scoliosis, resulting in different outcomes. We present two cases with double major curves, ...

    Authors: LouAnn Rivett, Alan Rothberg, Aimee Stewart and Rowan Berkowitz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6444
  18. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia in children younger than 2 years of age is usually characterized by a severe course, with a mortality rate of approximately 10%. The prolonged immunosuppression following specific t...

    Authors: Chiara Beretta, Veronica Leoni, Mario Renato Rossi, Momcilo Jankovic, Nicolo Patroniti, Giuseppe Foti and Ettore Biagi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6443
  19. Bladder exstrophy is a rare urogenital abnormality. Other urogenital malformations have been associated with exposure to hormonal pesticide disruptors during critical developmental periods. This is the first r...

    Authors: Marlene Martin, Kristina Rodriguez, Miguel Sánchez-Sauco, Gerardo Zambudio-Carmona and Juan Antonio Ortega-García
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6626
  20. There have been few reports of spontaneous regression of malignant pleural mesothelioma, but the mechanism for this is unknown. We present a case report on a patient with malignant pleural mesothelioma showing...

    Authors: Masahiko Higashiyama, Kazuyuki Oda, Jiro Okami, Jun Maeda, Ken Kodama and Fumio Imamura
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6800
  21. Menstruation is commonly associated with migraine and irritable bowel but is rarely correlated with angina or myocardial ischaemia. Only a small number of cases have been reported suggesting a link between men...

    Authors: Wai Kah Choo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6618
  22. Impaired renal function and/or pre-existing atherosclerosis in the deceased donor increase the risk of delayed graft function and impaired long-term renal function in kidney transplant recipients.

    Authors: Rainer U Pliquett, Aida Asbe-Vollkopf, Ernst H Scheuermann, Elisabeth Gröne, Michael Probst, Helmut Geiger and Ingeborg A Hauser
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6839
  23. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a clinico-neuroradiological entity characterized by headache, vomiting, altered mental status, blurred vision and seizures with neuroimaging studies demonstratin...

    Authors: Rashmi Chawla, Daniel Smith and Paul E Marik
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6623
  24. Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare genodermatosis, characterized by a triad of reticular skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and leukoplakia of mucous membranes. It is also associated with a variety of non-cutaneo...

    Authors: Adel Boueiz, Marwan S Abougergi, Carlos Noujeim, Edmond Bou Assaf and Ghassan Jamaleddine
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6622
  25. Undifferentiated gallbladder carcinoma is a rare entity. Among unusual types of undifferentiated gallbladder carcinoma, giant cell type carcinoma is infrequent and, moreover, very few cases of such neoplasms w...

    Authors: Andreas Manouras, Michael Genetzakis, Emmanuel E Lagoudianakis, Haridimos Markogiannakis, Artemisia Papadima, George Agrogiannis, Hariklia Gakiopoulou, Panagiotis Kekis, Konstantinos Filis and Efstratios Patsouris
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6496
  26. Our aim was to specify the use of mini C-arm fluoroscopy in a woman with schizophrenia who was suffering from abdominal pain because of ingested needles.

    Authors: Alper Parlakgumus, Sedat Yildirim, Naime Tokmak, Tamer Colakoglu, Kenan Caliskan, Ali Ezer and Gokhan Moray
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6491
  27. Lower back pain due to sacroiliac joint dysfunction is a common symptom during pregnancy. However, infection of the sacroiliac joint is rare, even more so if no predisposing factors are present.

    Authors: María Lapresta Moros, Cesar Rodrigo, Adela Villacampa, Julián Ruiz and Carlos Lapresta
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6505
  28. Mycotic aneurysms account for a small proportion of all aneurysms. Escherichia coli a gram-negative organism, is recognised as a rare cause of aortic aneurysm. We report two cases of mycotic aneurysm caused by th...

    Authors: John F McCann, Azhar Fareed, Sukanya Reddy, John Cheesbrough, Neil Woodford and Sally Lau
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6453
  29. Silicone lymphadenopathy is a rare but recognised complication of procedures involving the use of silicone. It has a poorly understood mechanism but is thought to occur following the transportation of silicone...

    Authors: Simon T Adams, Julie Cox and G Sam Rao
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6442
  30. We report a case of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, a typical and life-threatening complication after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation, successfully treated with defibrotide despite massive multiple organ...

    Authors: Gerhard Behre, Sebastian Theurich, Maximilian Christopeit and Thomas Weber
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6164
  31. Closing the pelvic peritoneum to prevent the small bowel dropping into the pelvis after surgery for locally recurrent rectal cancer is important to prevent adhesions deep in the pelvis or complications of adju...

    Authors: Osama Al-Sahaf and Sherif El-Masry
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:70
  32. A rare side effect of antipsychotic medication is neuroleptic malignant syndrome, mainly characterized by hyperthermia, altered mental state, haemodynamic dysregulation, elevated serum creatine kinase and rigo...

    Authors: Christian Storm, Rolf Gebker, Anne Krüger, Lutz Nibbe, Joerg C Schefold, Frank Martens and Dietrich Hasper
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:6170
  33. Jorge Lobo's disease (Lacaziosis) is a subcutaneous infection of humans living in the Amazon region of Latin America, and in dolphins inhabiting the east coastal areas of the United States. The disease mainly ...

    Authors: Patrícia Sammarco Rosa, Cleverson Teixeira Soares, Andréa de Faria Fernandes Belone, Raquel Vilela, Somei Ura, Milton Cury Filho and Leonel Mendoza
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:67
  34. Skin metastasis from internal carcinoma rarely occurs. It has an incidence of 0.7 to 9% and it may be the first sign of an unknown malignancy. However, it can also occur during follow-up.

    Authors: Umberto Morelli, Roberto Cirocchi, Valerio Mecarelli, Eriberto Farinella, Francesco La Mura, Paolo Ronca, Gianmario Giustozzi and Francesco Sciannameo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:65
  35. Pulmonary artery sarcomas are rare neoplasms that are often confused with chronic thrombo-embolic disease, as both can have similar clinical and imaging presentation.

    Authors: Ivanka Djordjevic, Tatjana Pejcic, Milan Rancic, Milan Radovic, Petar Bosnjakovic, Tatjana Radjenovic-Petkovic, Desa Nastasijevic-Borovac, Slavica Golubovic and Dragana Dacic
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:64
  36. Perivascular epitheloid cell tumours are rare mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by a proliferation of perivascular cells with an epitheloid phenotype and expression of myomelanocytic markers.

    Authors: Alexandra M Koenig, Alexander Quaas, Thorsten Ries, Emre F Yekebas, Karim A Gawad, Yogesh K Vashist, Christoph Burdelski, Oliver Mann, Jakob R Izbicki and Andreas Erbersdobler
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:62
  37. Although a common cause of intestinal obstruction in children, intussusception is a rare event in the adult population living in temperate regions. It has long been known that various acquired immune deficienc...

    Authors: Ioannis Kehagias, Stavros N Karamanakos, Spyros Panagiotopoulos, Sofia Giali, Charalambos A Gogos and Fotis Kalfarentzos
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:61
  38. Knee pain is a complex problem that can occur after total knee arthroplasty. One cause of knee pain may be due to a retained osteophyte, but it is not clear if the retained osteophyte is sufficient explanation...

    Authors: Manjunath Ramappa and Andrew Port
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:59
  39. Epiploic appendagitis is a rare cause of focal abdominal pain which, depending on its localisation, can mimic a variety of abdominal diseases. We describe a patient with an inflamed necrotic appendix epiploicu...

    Authors: Michael Sand, Gerd Bonhag, Falk-Georges Bechara, Daniel Sand and Benno Mann
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:57
  40. Bezoars are uncommon findings in the gastrointestinal tract and are composed of a wide variety of materials. We report a case of a relapsing metal bezoar in a man with schizophrenia.

    Authors: Manuel Rodrigo Prieto-Aldape, Francisco Issac Almaguer-García, Sandra Edith Figueroa-Jiménez, Oscar Fernández-Díaz, José Antonio Mora-Huerta and Alejandro González-Ojeda
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2009 3:56

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