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  1. Three-dimensional techniques for radiotherapy have expanded possibilities for partial volume liver radiotherapy. Characteristic, transient radiographic changes can occur in the absence of clinical radiation-in...

    Authors: Timothy N Showalter, A Omer Nawaz, Frederick M Fellin, Pramila R Anne, Ernest L Rosato and Adam P Dicker
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:76
  2. Adult onset Still's disease is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disorder characterized by high spiking fever, polyarthralgia and rash. Lymphadenopathy is a prominent feature of adult onset Still's disease ...

    Authors: Zaher K Otrock, Hassan A Hatoum, Imad W Uthman, Ali T Taher, Shahrazad Saab and Ali I Shamseddine
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:73
  3. Sudden fever of unknown origin is quite a common emergency and may lead to hospitalization. A rise in body temperature can be caused by infectious diseases and by other types of medical condition. This case re...

    Authors: Fabrizia Bamonti, Gianpaolo Guzzi and Maria Elena Ferrero
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:72
  4. Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, also known as Rosai-Dorfman Disease, is a rare and benign source of lymphadenopathy first described in 1969, which mimics neoplastic processes. This disease co...

    Authors: James C Moore, Xiaohui Zhao and Edward L Nelson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:70
  5. We report a case of optic atrophy, necrotizing anterior scleritis and keratitis presenting in a patient with Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome.

    Authors: Konstantinos I Papageorgiou, Alexander S Ioannidis, Petros S Andreou and Ajay J Sinha
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:69
  6. Hyperthyroidism is a well established cause of atrial fibrillation (AF). Thyroid Stimulating Hormone-secreting pituitary tumours are rare causes of pituitary hyperthyroidism. Whilst pituitary causes of hyperth...

    Authors: Jyothis T George, Jonathan C Thow, Bruce Matthews, Maurice P Pye and Vijay Jayagopal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:67
  7. Estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is essential for the evaluation of patients with kidney disease, and for treating patients with drugs that are eliminated from the circulation by the kidneys....

    Authors: Malgorzata Karawajczyk, Mia Ramklint and Anders Larsson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:66
  8. The insertion of percutaneous central venous catheters is a common procedure in neonatal intensive care nurseries. Placement of the catheter tip in a large central vein is most desirable. Occasionally, due to ...

    Authors: Luke A Jardine, Garry DT Inglis and Mark W Davies
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:63
  9. Tuberculosis of the parotid gland is a rare clinical entity which causes some difficulties in diagnosis because of the similarities in presentation to that of a neoplasm. Diagnosis mainly relies in the treatin...

    Authors: Hakan Birkent, Serdar Karahatay, Timur Akcam, Abdullah Durmaz and Onder Ongoru
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:62
  10. The cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is susceptible to injury through various mechanisms, including dissection, which can lead to pseudoaneurysm formation. Pathological processes affecting the ICA, in as...

    Authors: Romy Hoque, Eduardo Gonzalez-Toledo, Alireza Minagar and Roger E Kelley
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:61
  11. Crohn's disease is a disease involving the whole gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. Oral lesions are considered to be an important extraintestinal manifestation. Granulomatous cheilitis has bee...

    Authors: John K Triantafillidis, Flora Zervou Valvi, Emmanouel Merikas, George Peros, Ourania Nicolatou Galitis and Aristofanis Gikas
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:60
  12. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a progressive disease that leads to femoral head collapse and osteoarthritis. Our goal in treating osteonecrosis is to preserve, not to replace, the femoral head.

    Authors: Seok-Jung Kim, Won-Jong Bahk, Cheong-Ho Chang, Jae-Deog Jang and Kyung-Hwan Suhl
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:58
  13. Patients with bipolar affective disorder can be effectively managed with pharmacological intervention. This case report describes a pregnant woman with a ten-year history of bipolar affective disorder that was...

    Authors: Maxine Gossell-Williams, Horace Fletcher and Steven H Zeisel
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:55
  14. Crohn's disease (CD) can affect any part of the alimentary tract from the mouth to the anus, with most common site being the terminal ileum.

    Authors: Efstratios Christianakis, Nikolaos Pashalidis, Stavroula Kokkinou, Michael Pitiakoudis, Evangelos Mplevrakis, Maria Chorti, Spiros Rizos and Dimitrios Filippou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:54
  15. Dementia is one of the most important neurological disorders in the elderly. Dementia of tumoral origin is rare and parkinsonism of neoplastic origin is unusual. We herein report a case of gliomatosis cerebri,...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Duron, Anne Lazareth, Jean-Yves Gaubert, Carole Raso, Olivier Hanon and Anne-Sophie Rigaud
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:53
  16. Infantile haemangioma is the commonest benign tumour in infancy. While the management of the majority of small haemangiomas consists of simply watching or steroid treatment, giant and moderate size infantile h...

    Authors: Abdulzahra Hussain, Hind Mahmood and Hussein Almusawy
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:52
  17. Chordoma is a rare malignant tumour with an incidence of metastasis of less than 10 percent. Usually arising from clivus its posterior extension may involve the brainstem before presenting as nasal mass and ob...

    Authors: Shahid Hassan, Jafri M Abdullah, Shah Jihan Wan Din and Zamzuri Idris
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:49
  18. Port-site herniation is a rare but potentially dangerous complication after laparoscopic surgery. Closure of port sites, especially those measuring 10 mm or more, has been recommended to avoid such an event.

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Itoh, Nobuaki Fuji, Hiroki Taniguchi, Taiji Watanabe, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Kingo Kashimoto and Kazuyo Naito
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:48
  19. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits the action of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) thereby acting as an angiogenesis inhibitor. As a result, supply of oxygen and nutrients to tissues is...

    Authors: Dorothy M Gujral, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Peter Hargreaves and Gary W Middleton
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:47
  20. It has been previously unclear whether a "mild" degree of low carbohydrate or "starvation" ketonemia and acidosis induced by a low carbohydrate diet is clinically relevant to a patient.

    Authors: Swapna Chalasani and Jacqueline Fischer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:45
  21. We present a case of accelerated tibial fracture union in the third trimester of pregnancy. This is of particular relevance to orthopaedic surgeons, who must be made aware of the potentially accelerated healin...

    Authors: Mudussar A Ahmad, Damayanthi Kuhanendran, Irvine W Kamande and Charalambos Charalambides
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:44
  22. Thermal destruction mediated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is gaining attention as an alternative treatment for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), particularly in those who are not candidates for ope...

    Authors: Jose P Morales, Tarun Sabharwal, Marios Georganas, Renato Dourado, Declan Cahill and Andreas Adam
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:40
  23. Some of the earliest case reports describing individual patients afflicted with cancer can be traced all the way back to the papyrus records of Ancient Egyptian medicine of approximately 1600 B.C.. Throughout ...

    Authors: Elie G Dib, Michael R Kidd and Deborah C Saltman
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:39
  24. The incidence of anaphylactic reactions during anesthesia is between 1:5000 and 1:25000 and it is one of the few causes of mortality directly related to general anesthesia. The most important requirements in t...

    Authors: Luca Di Chiara, Giulia V Stazi, Zaccaria Ricci, Angelo Polito, Stefano Morelli, Chiara Giorni, Ondina La Salvia, Vincenzo Vitale, Eugenio Rossi and Sergio Picardo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:36
  25. Hereditary amyloidodis is a rare disease process with a propensity to cause polyneuropathies, autonomic dysfunction, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. It is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner, with dise...

    Authors: Jason Robin, Sheridan Meyers, Maher Nahlawi, Jyothy Puthumana, Jon Lomasney, David Mehlman, Vera Rigolin and Charles Davidson
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:35
  26. The incidence of tuberculosis is rising worldwide and rare manifestations of the past are seen more often nowadays. Mammary tuberculosis is a rare clinical entity, often mimicking breast cancer or abscesses of...

    Authors: Ioannis Maroulis, Charalambos Spyropoulos, Vasiliki Zolota and Evaggelos Tzorakoleftherakis
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:34
  27. Syphilis is well known as an infectious disease which can present with a large variety of symptoms. Clinical diagnosis can be difficult and may be complicated in modern medicine by immunosuppressive treatment ...

    Authors: Claudia Handtrack, Harald Knorr, Kerstin U Amann, Christoph Schoerner, Karl F Hilgers and Walter Geißdörfer
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:33
  28. The number of cases of tuberculosis as a complication in people with immunodeficiency, people on immunosuppressive therapy and among the immigrant population is increasing in Germany. However, tuberculous peri...

    Authors: Yilin Vogel, Jan C Bous, Guido Winnekendonk and Bernhard F Henning
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:32
  29. Channeling transurethral resection of the prostate is a recognized form of adjunctive treatment in the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. Despite the fact that complications arising from the procedure...

    Authors: A. A. Popoola, K. A. Onawola, M. D. Adesina and I. O. Olaoye
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:30
  30. Factitious cheilitis is a chronic condition characterized by crusting and ulceration that is probably secondary to chewing and sucking of the lips. Atopy, actinic damage, exfoliative cheilitis, cheilitis granu...

    Authors: Erdinc Aydin, Ozgur Gokoglu, Gamze Ozcurumez and Hakan Aydin
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:29
  31. Autoimmune hepatitis is a necroinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of circulating antibodies, hypergammaglobulinemia, and response to immunosuppression. It has the histologi...

    Authors: Aitziber Etxagibel, M. Rosa Julià, Alvaro Brotons, M. Margarita Company and Carlos Dolz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2008 2:25

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