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  1. In patients with history of malignancy, new-onset liver lesions often present diagnostic challenges. We present the case of a patient with history of neuroendocrine tumor and new-onset echo-rich hepatic lesion...

    Authors: Elisabeth Miller, Wolfgang Kratzer and Angelika Kestler
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:16
  2. During neoadjuvant chemotherapy for giant gastrointestinal stromal tumors, changes in gastrointestinal stromal tumor size are rarely associated with events such as perforation and bleeding that require emergen...

    Authors: Yoichi Sugiyama, Toshiaki Komo, Tatsuya Tazaki, Mohei Kohyama, Shinya Takahashi and Masaru Sasaki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:15
  3. Hyponatremia associated with a low serum osmolality is a common and confounding electrolyte disorder. Correcting hyponatremia is also complicated, especially in the setting of chronic hyponatremia. Here, we pr...

    Authors: Mohamed Hassan Kamel, Ashish Upadhyay and Steven C. Borkan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:13
  4. A radiological finding of a cavitary pulmonary lesion in a patient acutely infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 early during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic created a diagnostic ...

    Authors: Fatima Wong, Megan Doyle-McClam, Spencer Pugh, Tina Dudney, Michael McCormack and Jared Kravitz
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:12
  5. Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile condition in children. It affects mainly children under 5 years old, and is known to cause coronary artery abnormalities if treatment is delayed. The diagnosis rests mainly...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy, Kavinda Dayasiri and I. R. Ragunathan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:10
  6. Gram staining is a classic but standard and essential procedure for the prompt selection of appropriate antibiotics in an emergency setting. Even in the era of sophisticated medicine with technically developed...

    Authors: Mikinori Kannae, Yusuke Oka, Yohei Hamada, Toshiharu Urakami and Yosuke Aoki
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:9
  7. Warthin tumor (WT) is a common benign salivary tumor of the parotid gland. Clinically, it occurs in men in their fifth to seventh decades who typically smoke cigarettes. WTs have been reported with different h...

    Authors: Asma Almazyad, Naheel Al Khudiri, Saeed S. Alshieban and Majed M. Pharaon
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:7
  8. Delayed allergy to red meat, also termed alpha-gal syndrome, is increasingly reported in adults and African communities, while pediatric cases remain rare.

    Authors: Felicitas Bellutti Enders, Marius Elkuch, Andreas Wörner, Kathrin Scherer Hofmeier and Karin Hartmann
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:6
  9. Collagenous fibroma or desmoplastic fibroblastoma is a rare benign fibrous tissue tumor. It usually presents as a painless, slowly growing mass. Collagenous fibroma arises ordinarily inside the subcutaneous ti...

    Authors: Hagar A. El-naggar, Yehia A. El-Mahallawy, Mohamed I. Harby and Nourhan A. Abou Madawi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:5
  10. While the majority of reported cases of jellyfish envenomation are self-limited with few lasting complications, a few can cause life-threatening and debilitating illnesses. We present the case of a 15-year-old...

    Authors: Mohamed Elkafafi, Hussein Hamed, Yaser Ali and Mohamed Elgohary
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:4
  11. Bradycardia frequently occurs in heart-transplanted patients, mainly as a temporally restricted manifestation early after transplantation and often without symptoms. A high-degree atrioventricular block is mos...

    Authors: Matthieu Raboud, Andrea M. Humm, Hari Vivekanantham and Philipp Suter
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:3
  12. Owing to the growth of case reports and changes in the policy of journals in publishing this evidence, the need to standardize them is felt more than before. Therefore, in this study, the authors’ guide of med...

    Authors: Abolfazl Taheri, Peyman Adibi, Mojtaba Sabbagh Jafari, Marzieh Saeedizadeh, Alireza Rahimi and Alireza Abbasi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2023 17:2
  13. Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors occurring near the end of long bones. In this case report, we demonstrate the successful treatment of a proximal femoral osteochondroma in a pediatric pat...

    Authors: Mohamad Issa, Ahmad Naja, Serge Sultanem, Charbel Elias and Said Saghieh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:489
  14. Campylobacter-related infectious gastroenteritis is common and usually self-limited. Intestinal perforation is a rare complication of the infectious colitis caused by Campylobacter, and only handful of cases have...

    Authors: Yung-Yu Chu, Cheng-Yi Lin, Tien-Lin Kuo, Shu-Chi Mu, Beng-Huat Lau and Yuh-Yu Chou
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:487
  15. We present this case of coronavirus disease 2019-associated acute kidney injury with rhabdomyolysis—with noteworthy renal biopsy findings demonstrating myoglobin cast nephropathy—to add to the limited literatu...

    Authors: Jessica J. Tuan, Onyema Ogbuagu, Deepika Kumar, Frederick Altice and Margaret Fikrig
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:491
  16. Prompt diagnosis of metabolic disorders in a resource-limited country like Nepal is daunting. Acute intermittent porphyria is a rare but common hepatic porphyria mostly seen in females of the reproductive age ...

    Authors: Sujata Baidya, Pratibha Kandel, Smrity Rajkarnikar, Anuradha Kadel, Apeksha Niraula, Raju Kumar Dubey, Machhindra Lamichhane, Mithileshwer Raut, Aseem Bhattarai, Eans Tara Tuladhar and Vijay Kumar Sharma
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:490
  17. Fetal midgut volvulus is an uncommon yet potentially life-threatening condition. Prenatal diagnosis may pose a challenge, due to the paucity of specific signs and symptoms. Timely prenatal diagnosis of this co...

    Authors: Neelam Jain, Sandeep Singh Awal, Som Biswas and Tanushree Ghosh
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:482
  18. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 may be associated with late-onset necrotizing myositis, mimicking autoimmune inflammatory myositis; however, the exact underlying pathogenesis of severe acute re...

    Authors: Maryam Loghman, Ehsan Rahmanian, Majid Alikhani, Hiva Saffar, Sara Beikmohamadi Hezaveh, Mohammad Nekooeian, Reza Shahriarirad and Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:488
  19. Coronavirus disease 2019 is a highly transmissible and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, a novel coronavirus that was identified in early January 2020 in Wuh...

    Authors: Jadeny Sinatra, Ronnie Wirawan Salim, Epifanus Arie Tanoto and Hori Hariyanto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:486
  20. Chromosome 13q deletion syndrome shows variable clinical features related to the different potential breakpoints in chromosome 13q. The severely malformed phenotype is known to be associated with the deletion ...

    Authors: Tomomi Kotani, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Yumiko Ito, Noriyuki Nakamura, Takafumi Ushida, Kenji Imai, Yukako Iitani, Kazuya Fuma, Yukako Muramatsu, Masahiro Hayakawa and Hiroaki Kajiyama
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:481
  21. Delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy is a rare entity following hypoxia. Clinical and radiological signs of delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy have not previously been reported following acute ischem...

    Authors: Johannes A. R. Pfaff, Lukas Machegger, Eugen Trinka and Johannes Sebastian Mutzenbach
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:480
  22. Bladder paraganglioma is a neuroendocrine tumor that accounts for less than 0.1% of all bladder tumors. Symptoms caused by catecholamine release such as hypertension, palpitation, syncope, and macroscopic hema...

    Authors: Tugay Aksakallı, Bakytbek Kozubaev, Turgut Yapanoğlu, Adem Utlu, Fatih Alper, Arzu Bilen and Numan Bulut
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:479
  23. Ovarian steroid cell tumors, not otherwise specified is a rare sex cord-stromal tumor. Almost 60% of all steroid cell tumors are categorized as not otherwise specified and represent less than 0.1% of all ovari...

    Authors: Miry Lobaton-Ginsberg, Luz María Malanco-Hernández and Aldo Ferreira-Hermosillo
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:478
  24. Multiple myeloma is a clonal plasma cell proliferation often causing bone lytic lesions. It is sometimes challenging to differentiate these lytic lesions associated with multiple myeloma from bone destruction ...

    Authors: Marwa Aloui, Sarra Ben Rejeb, Manel Boudokhan, Amen Dhaoui, Majdi Ben Romdhane and Syrine Belakhal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:477
  25. Paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare and aggressive mesenchymal tumor, accounting for only 7% of all rhabdomyosarcomas. It is mainly encountered in children and adolescents. The standard treatment consist...

    Authors: Takoua Chalouati, Montassar Ghalleb, Amani Jallali, Maher Slimane, Ghada Sahraoui, Jamal Ben hassouna, Riadh Chargui and Khaled Rahal
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:476
  26. The risk of developing severe and even fatal coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) increases with various factors such as advanced age and chronic diseases, especially those treated with immunosuppressive drugs....

    Authors: Liba Sokolovska, Anna Terentjeva-Decuka, Maksims Cistjakovs, Zaiga Nora-Krukle, Sabine Gravelsina, Anda Vilmane, Katrine Vecvagare and Modra Murovska
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:484
  27. Cushing’s syndrome consists of signs and symptoms related to prolonged exposure to high levels of glucocorticoid, and should be considered in individuals with the discriminatory signs and symptoms. Proximal my...

    Authors: Marjan Jeddi and Mesbah Shams
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:483
  28. Invasive pulmonary Aspergillus and invasive bronchial aspergillosis is a life-threatening opportunistic fungal infection that predominantly affects immunocompromised hosts. A case series and review found that the...

    Authors: Shuku Sato, Wataru Kamata, Kiyomitsu Fukaguchi, Shun Tsunoda, Tadashi Kamio, Hiroshi Koyama, Hideyasu Sugimoto and Yotaro Tamai
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:470
  29. Leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of smooth muscle origin and represents 10–20% of all soft tissue sarcomas. Primary colon and rectal sarcomas constitute < 0.1% of all large bowel malignancies. In Li–Fr...

    Authors: Natalia Parisi Severino, Jaques Waisberg, Maria Candida Barisson Villares Fragoso, Luiz Guilherme Cernaglia Aureliano de Lima, Flavia Balsamo, Alexandre Cruz Henriques, Bianca Bianco and Flávia de Sousa Gehrke
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:468
  30. Accessory breast carcinomas of the axilla of males are rare, and primary breast neuroendocrine tumors (BNETs) are rare as well. We present a case of a BNET arising in the axilla of a man.

    Authors: Kosei Kimura, Shigeru Kawabata, Hiroyo Oku, Ayana Ikari, Tomo Tominaga, Saki Takai, Junna Sakane, Michiaki Tanaka, Chinatsu Aoki, Monika Ota, Erika Minami, Yoshinobu Hirose, Sang-Woong Lee and Mitsuhiko Iwamoto
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:467
  31. Ophthalmic manifestations are common in patients with leukemia, developing in nearly 50% of cases. Intracranial hemorrhage is another potentially fatal complication of leukemia. In this case report, we aim to ...

    Authors: MohammadJavad Ghanbarnia, Sadegh Sedaghat and Seyed Ahmad Rasoulinejad
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:466
  32. Patients with underlying cardiovascular risk factors have worse clinical outcomes when they have coronavirus disease. In addition, a reduced workload of cardiovascular emergencies has been reported during the ...

    Authors: David O. Alao, Amani Alabdouli and Ala Jalabi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:475
  33. Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are systemic inflammatory conditions of the elderly. Polymyalgia rheumatica classically presents as a bilateral proximal muscle pain and stiffness syndrome. Bice...

    Authors: Liyana Arachchige Dona Thulini Madubashini, Jayawardane Pathiranage Roneesha Lakmali and Nilanka Perera
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:474
  34. Zoledronic acid is an intravenous, highly potent aminobisphosphonate for use in patients with primary or secondary osteoporosis. Zoledronic acid-induced prolonged side-effects are well known and quite common. ...

    Authors: Ilona Nurmi-Lüthje and Peter Lüthje
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:473
  35. Felty syndrome is defined by three conditions: neutropenia, rheumatoid arthritis, and splenomegaly. Neutropenia associated with pancytopenia may further affect the dental condition of a patient. Periodontal tr...

    Authors: Satoru Morikawa, Yoko Miyashita, Mana Nasu, Shunichi Shibazaki, Satoshi Usuda, Kazuyuki Tsunoda and Taneaki Nakagawa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:463
  36. Multiple lumbar punctures have historically been a strategy to relieve headaches associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension despite limited clinical evidence of long-term efficacy. Lumbar puncture is...

    Authors: Hannah S. Lyons, Satheesh Ramalingam, James L. Mitchell, Andreas Yiangou, Mark Thaller, Alexandra J. Sinclair and Susan P. Mollan
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:464
  37. Adjuvant systemic therapy decreases recurrence and death from breast cancer, but late relapse still occurs. Therapeutic decisions are based heavily on receptor tissue characterization. Even though the vast maj...

    Authors: Yolcar Chamorro, Ana C. Sandoval-Leon, Charles L. Vogel, Michaela T. Nguyen and Grace Wang
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:461
  38. Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Diagnosis is based on evaluating specific autoantibodies and histopathologic findings of duodenal bi...

    Authors: Barbora Packova, Pavel Kohout, Milan Dastych, Jitka Prokesova, Tomas Grolich and Radek Kroupa
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:460
  39. Multiple myeloma remains incurable despite treatment advancements over the last 20 years. LCAR-B38M Cells in Treating Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma was a phase 1, first-in-human, investigator-initiated ...

    Authors: Bai-Yan Wang, Wan-Hong Zhao, Yin-Xia Chen, Xing-Mei Cao, Yun Yang, Yi-Lin Zhang, Fang-Xia Wang, Peng-Yu Zhang, Bo Lei, Liu-Fang Gu, Jian-Li Wang, Ju Bai, Yan Xu, Xu-Geng Wang, Rui-Li Zhang, Li-Li Wei…
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:459
  40. The synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon proliferative metaplastic process of the synovial cells that can develop in any synovial joint. An isolated primary chondromatosis of the posterior compartment of the...

    Authors: Luigi Zanna, Gregorio Secci, Matteo Innocenti, Niccolò Giabbani, Roberto Civinini and Fabrizio Matassi
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:457
  41. Immune checkpoint inhibition with anti-PD(L)1 and anti-CTLA4 antibodies has significantly changed cancer treatment during the last 10 years. Nevertheless, boosting the immune system with immune checkpoint inhi...

    Authors: Sylvain Raoul Simeni Njonnou, Sandrine Aspeslagh, Marie-Josiane Ntsama Essomba, Marie-Lucie Racu, Fernando Kemta Lekpa and Frédéric Vandergheynst
    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2022 16:456

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