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  1. The granulomatous inflammation of tuberculosis usually involves the lungs and the hilar lymph nodes. Musculoskeletal tuberculosis (TB) occurs in 1–3% of patients with TB, while TB of the chest wall constitutes...

    Authors: Theodossis S Papavramidis, Vassilis N Papadopoulos, Antonis Michalopoulos, Daniel Paramythiotis, Stamatia Potsi, Georgia Raptou, Anna Kalogera-Foutzila and Nick Harlaftis

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:152

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Most patients with brain metastases from malignant melanoma are diagnosed after treatment for known extracranial metastases and have a poor outcome despite various local and systemic therapeutic approaches. He...

    Authors: Astrid Dalhaug, Adam Pawinski, Jan Norum and Carsten Nieder

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:151

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Primary peritoneal cystadenocarcinoma is a rare tumor of similar histogenic origin as primary ovarian carcinoma. We present a case of primary peritoneal serous cystadenocarcinoma mimicking advanced colorectal ...

    Authors: Wesley B von Riedenauer, Sumbul A Janjua, David S Kwon, Ziying Zhang and Vic Velanovich

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:150

    Content type: Case report

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  4. We present the case of a patient with the rare combination of chylous ascites and chylothorax resulting from penetrating abdominal injury. This patient was successfully managed with total parenteral nutrition....

    Authors: Joseph M Plummer, Michael E McFarlane and Arhcibald H McDonald

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:149

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Thirty two year old Caucasian female presented 2 months post partum with fevers, cough and shortness of breath. CT scan of the chest to rule out pulmonary embolism revealed mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Biopsy ...

    Authors: Vivek Subbiah, Uyen K Ly, Amer Khiyami and Timothy O'Brien

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:148

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) accounts for less than 10% of pediatric AML. Cases of APL in Down syndrome (DS) have been described in the literature rarely and it is rarer still to find the microgranular v...

    Authors: Deepali Jain, Tejinder Singh and Prerna Arora

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:147

    Content type: Case report

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  7. A 43 year-old male patient presented with small bowel obstruction while being treated for cervical tuberculous lymphadenopathy. Laparotomy revealed multiple adhesions and multiple jejuno-jejunal fistulae. Abse...

    Authors: Iraklis E Katsoulis, Shirley Y Chan and Emin A Carapeti

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:145

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Brucellosis may cause serious infections in healthy individuals living in countries that are endemic for the infection. However, reports of brucella infections in immunocompromised hosts are relatively rare.

    Authors: Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi and Asma Marzouq Al-Jasser

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:144

    Content type: Case report

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  9. To report a case of spontaneous corneal melting in pregnancy. We reviewed the literature on corneal melting and the effect of pregnancy on cornea and collagen containing tissues.

    Authors: Sudesh K Arya, Archana Malik, Sonika Gupta, Hemlata Gupta and Sunandan Sood

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:143

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Endosteal hyperostosis was encountered in a 26-year-old-man and his 6-month-old daughter. Both the father and his daughter presented with fractures. Odontoid process hyperplasia, and progressive sclerosis of t...

    Authors: Ali Al Kaissi, Franz Varga, Shahin Zandieh, Klaus Klaushofer and Franz Grill

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:142

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Pelvic actinomycosis is a rare disease that can result in abscess formation, bowel obstruction, and other serious complications. Moreover, the correct diagnosis can seldom be established before radical surgery...

    Authors: Hiroaki Nozawa, Yoshinao Yamada, Yasuhiko Muto, Shirane Arita and Kohzo Aisaka

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:141

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) patients are prone to develop carcinoid tumors. Few cases report the development of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors in patients with MEN-1 syndrome related tumors....

    Authors: Cherif Boutros, Diana Cheng-Robles and Robert Goldenkranz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:140

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The natural history of patients with spontaneous parathyroid necrosis is unknown. In this case report we describe the clinical course, laboratory, radiographic, bone densitometry tests, parathyroid ultrasonogr...

    Authors: Francisco A Pereira, Daniel F Brandão, Jorge Elias Jr and Francisco JA Paula

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:139

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Gefitinib is a new molecular-targeted agent for the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer that fail to respond to conventional chemotherapy. Gefitinib is considered to be well tolerate...

    Authors: Kazuya Takamochi, Kazuya Suzuki, Abul Hasan Muhammad Bashar, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takahiro Mochizuki, Toru Itaya and Kazuhito Funai

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:138

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal nematode of humans. Adults usually have low worm burdens and are asymptomatic. Ectopic infections in the pelvic area or urinary tract rarely occur in women. We report a...

    Authors: Athanasios Zahariou, Maria Karamouti and Polyanthi Papaioannou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:137

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Though gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) frequently present with gastrointestinal bleeding, the guidelines for the management and control of bleeding are unclear especially in patients who are not approp...

    Authors: Mouen A Khashab, Harvey M Cramer and Suthat Liangpunsakul

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:136

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Amiodarone is a widely used antiarrythmic drug, which may produce secondary effects on the thyroid. In 14–18% of amiodarone-treated patients, there is overt thyroid dysfunction, usually in the form of amiodaro...

    Authors: Vasilios Papaioannou, Irene Terzi, Christos Dragoumanis, Dimitrios Konstantonis, Vassiliki Theodorou and Ioannis Pneumatikos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:134

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) have always been considered different from each other; in their incidence, their cell origin and their histopathological features.

    Authors: Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Patrizia Castano, Valentina Bertolini, Luigi Boni, Francesca Rovera, Maria Laura Tanda, Carlo Capella, Luigi Bartalena and Renzo Dionigi

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:133

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Delayed-onset heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis, albeit rare, is a severe side effect of heparin exposure. It can occur within one month after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with manifes...

    Authors: Abbas Salehi Omran, Abbasali Karimi, Hossein Ahmadi and Parin Yazdanifard

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:131

    Content type: Case report

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  20. We describe a patient with previously undiagnosed hypothyroidism who developed rhabdomyolysis while taking a statin. He had no other precipitating factors. The statin was stopped, intravenous fluids were start...

    Authors: Ekrem Yeter, Telat Keles, Tahir Durmaz and Engin Bozkurt

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:130

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The superficial ulnar artery is a rare variation of the upper limb arterial system that arises from the brachial or axillary artery and runs superficial to the muscles arising from the medial epicondyle [13]. Th...

    Authors: Kithsiri J Senanayake, Sujatha Salgado, Manjula J Rathnayake, Ranil Fernando and Kosala Somarathne

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:128

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is commonly seen in the upper esophagus during endoscopyand is generally considered a benign disease. A hyperplastic polyp and an adenocarcinoma arising in heterotopic gastric ...

    Authors: Hakan Alagozlu, Meltem Ergun, Mehmet Cindoruk, Selahattin Unal, Sukru Dumlu, Aylar Poyraz and Ayse Dursun

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:127

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Unlike other agents used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, metformin has been shown to reduce mortality in obese patients. It is therefore being increasingly used in higher doses. The major concern...

    Authors: Joana Silvestre, Susana Carvalho, Vitor Mendes, Luis Coelho, Camila Tapadinhas, Pedro Ferreira, Pedro Povoa and Fatima Ceia

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:126

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Epistaxis is the most common emergency presenting to the ENT surgeon. Here we present a case of epistaxis arising from the sphenopalatine artery in a patient who had previously had the ipsilateral external car...

    Authors: Tawakir Kamani, Simon Shaw, Ahmed Ali, George Manjaly and Martin Jeffree

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:125

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Rheumatoid nodules are common extra-articular findings occurring in 20% of rheumatoid arthritis patients. They develop most commonly subcutaneously in pressure areas (elbows and finger joints) and may occasion...

    Authors: Tahwinder Upile, Waseem Jerjes, Fabian Sipaul, Sandeep Singh, Colin Hopper, Anthony Wright and Ann Sandison

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:123

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is the most common cause of acute renal failure in children and is usually linked with Escherichia coli O157 infection. With a fatality rate of around 5%, some reports have as...

    Authors: Siddharthan Sivamurthy, John D Mooney and Tom D Kenny

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:122

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Graft-versus-host disease is one of the most frequent complications occurring after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Recently, renal involvement has been described as a manifestation of chronic graft-...

    Authors: Sandra Silva, José Maximino, Rui Henrique, Ana Paiva, Jorge Baldaia, Fernando Campilho, Pedro Pimentel and Alfredo Loureiro

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:121

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) has been recently proposed as an alternative tool in identifying myocardial viability and transmural distribution of necrosis in the myocardium.

    Authors: Mauro Feola, Gian Luca Rosso, Alberto Biggi, Stephane Chauvie, Giovanni Leonardi, Franca Margaria, Maurizio Grosso and Valeria Ferrero

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:120

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and associated myositis caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus pyogenes generally have a poor outcome despite aggressive operative treatment. Frequently the diagnosis...

    Authors: Thayur R Madhusudhan, Srivatsa Sambamurthy, Eileen Williams and Ian C Smith

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:118

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Amyloidosis is a rare disease characterised by the deposition of insoluble extracellular fibrillar proteins in various tissues of the body. The pattern of manifestation is organ dependent and also on whether t...

    Authors: Daniel D Kokong, Titus S Ibekwe, Clement A Okolo, Aliyu M Kodiya, James A Fasunla, Onyekwere G B Nwaorgu and Effiong E U Akang

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:117

    Content type: Case report

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  31. We report a case of a 49-year-old male with a history of chronic alcoholism and evidence of a pancreatic pseudocyst on CT scanning. He presented with a 3-days history of fever, loss of appetite and upper abdom...

    Authors: Adriana Orzechowska, Sandra Lacey, Geraldine Soosay and Mark Melzer

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:116

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Patients with solid malignant tumours are at increased risk of Pneumocystis jiroveci infection from immunosuppression as a result of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, but active Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in un...

    Authors: Cai Chuang, Xie Zhanhong, Gu Yinyin, Zeng Qingsi, Zhong Shuqing and Zhong Nanshan

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:115

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Cytofluorographic and molecular techniques are effective adjuncts in diagnosing intraocular lymphoma. Primary intraocular lymphoma is an uncommon entity predominantly of B cell origin and rarely with a T cell ...

    Authors: Alvaro D Saenz, Alexandra Amador, Brianna M Ruiz, Janet Davis and Phillip Ruiz

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:114

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Breast lymphoma, either as a manifestation of primary extranodal disease or as secondary involvement, is a rare malignancy, and its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment have not been clearly defined. On the oth...

    Authors: Flora Zagouri, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Afroditi Nonni, Dimitra Koulocheri, Philip Domeyer, Dimitrios Dardamanis, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Nikolaos Pararas, Antonia Gounaris and George C Zografos

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:113

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst (TPP) is a rare complication, sometimes encountered after blunt thoracic trauma and even more rarely following penetrating injuries. It is more common among pediatric and young a...

    Authors: Bulent Kocer, Gultekin Gulbahar, Nesimi Gunal, Koray Dural and Unal Sakinci

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:112

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Arteriovenous malformations of the lower urinary tract are uncommon lesions, usually presenting as scrotal masses. A case of recurrent acute scrotal pain mimicking testicular torsion that was attributed to the...

    Authors: Petros Sountoulides, Athanasios Bantis, Irene Asouhidou and Hellen Aggelonidou

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:110

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn's disease may involve the skin, the eyes, the genital mucosa, and the joints. Dermatoses associated with Crohn's disease include neutrophilic dermatoses, erythema nodosu...

    Authors: David Farhi, Paul Duriez, Selim Aractingi, Jacques Cosnes and Kiarash Khosrotehrani

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:109

    Content type: Case report

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  38. We report a case of ipsilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema occurring after the insertion of a chest tube in a patient with spontaneous pneumothorax. The patient received supplemental oxygen via a non-rebreath...

    Authors: Anna Conen, Ladina Joos and Roland Bingisser

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:107

    Content type: Case report

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  39. There are several surgical complications which can occur following simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). Although intestinal obstruction is known to be a common complication after any type of ab...

    Authors: Unal Aydin, Pinar Yazici, Huseyin Toz, Cuneyt Hoscoskun and Ahmet Coker

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:106

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Coexistence of pulmonary embolism and systemic arterial embolism suggest the diagnosis of paradoxical embolism which suggests the presence of intracardiac defects such as patent foramen ovale (PFO).

    Authors: Shan Guo, Ingram Roberts and Jose Missri

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:104

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Mullerian adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth (MASO) is a rare variant of uterine sarcomas, associated with postoperative recurrence, metastases and a fatal outcome. The mean age at diagnosis is 54.5 year...

    Authors: Mirna H Farhat, Elie M Hobeika, Ghada Moumneh and Anwar H Nassar

    Citation: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2007 1:103

    Content type: Case report

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