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Table 2 Differential diagnoses with their most common triggers

From: A rare case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome presenting with serious hyperthermia treated with a non-invasive cooling device: a case report

Disease Most common trigger
Malignant neuroleptic syndrome Neuroleptics
Malignant hyperthermia All volatile anaesthetics and depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents
Serotonin syndrome Amphetamine
Heatstroke General heat accumulation
Sunstroke General solar radiation
Sepsis Infection focus
Convulsion Epilepsy