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Table 1 Review of the literature of imaging findings associated with hepatic fascioliasis

From: Imaging findings of human hepatic fascioliasis: a case report and review of the literature

Studied by

Ultrasound findings

CT findings

MRI findings

Koc et al. [1]

Multiple hypoechoic lesions.

Heterogeneity of liver parenchyma.

Intrahepatic/extrahepatic biliary duct dilatation.

Multiple linear/branching hypodense lesions in subcapsular/peripheral regions.

Periportal and peridiaphragmatic lymphadenopathy.

Hyperdense foci in the biliary tree.

T2 hyperintense/T1 hypointense nodules with peripheral enhancement.

Intrahepatic/extrahepatic biliary dilatation.

Han et al. [12]

Hypoechoic tract-like lesions in the liver.

Multiple hypodense lesions forming a tunnel-like tract with peripheral enhancement.

Clusters of T1 isointense and hypointense lesions with peripheral enhancement.

Mixed T2 hypointense and hyperintense lesions.

Kaya et al. [13]

Not reported

Multiple nodular or tubular branching lesions.

Subcapsular hypodensities.

Periportal lymphadenopathy.

Not reported

Cantisani et al. [14]

Heterogeneity of liver parenchyma.

Coalescent nodules in tubular structures.

Parasites in the biliary tree.

Nonenhancing hypodense lesions, predominantly in subcapsular regions.

Liver capsule enhancement.

Heterogeneity of the liver.

Mixed T2 hyperintensity.