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Table 1 Laboratory findings

From: Autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis successfully treated with lung lavage in an adolescent patient: a case report

Inspection item Reference range
Hematology
 Hematocrit 62.4 % 40–50
 Hemoglobin 21.6 g/dL 13–17.5
 RBCs 7.53 106/μL 4.5–6.2
 WBCs 6.04 103/μL 4–10
Differential counts
 Eosinophils 0.1 103/μL 0.02–0.5
 Lymphocytes 3.42 103/μL 1–3
 Monocytes 0.64 103/μL 0.2–1
 Neutrophils 1.84 103/μL 2–7
Platelets 217 103/μL 150–400
ESR 0 per hour 0–15
PT 11.80 sec 11–16
aPTT 32.16 sec 26–40
INR 1.09 0.8–1.3
Biochemistry    
 Na 144 mmol/L 135–135
 K 4.37 mmol/L 3.5–5.3
 Ca 9.01 mg/dL 8.8–10.2
 Cr 0.59 mg/dL 0.5–1.3
 Urea 15.6 mg/dL 10–50
 RBG 89 mg/dL 70–110
 ALT 10.5 U/L 00–41
 AST 31.4 U/L 00–37
 GGT 20 U/L 10–60
 ALP 113 IU/L 40–113
 Albumin 3.95 g/dL 3.4–4.8
 Total protein 6.2 g/dL 6.4–8.3
 Total bilirubin 1.12 mg/dL 0–1.10
 Direct bilirubin 0.24 mg/dL 0–0.2
 LDH 587 U/L 135–225
Serology
 CRP Negative mg/dL 0–0.8
 RF Negative IU/mL 0–15
 Serum anti-GM-CSF Positive Negative
 c-ANCA Negative Negative
 p-ANCA Negative Negative
 ACPA Negative Negative
 ANA Negative Negative
 HIVa Negative Negative
 HBsAg Negative Negative
 HBsAb 25.1 mIU/mL 10–300
 HCVb Negative Negative
Other
 PPD 0 mm 0
 BALF culture Negative Negative
 BALF for TBc Negative Negative
 PAS stain Positive Negative
  1. aUsing fourth-generation antigen and antibodies combination HIV-1/2 immunoassay
  2. bAnti-HCV antibodies immunoassay
  3. cBy acid fast bacilli smear, culture, and polymerase chain reaction
  4. ACPA anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies, ALP alkaline phosphatase, ALT alanine transaminase, ANA antinuclear antibodies, Anti-GM-CSF anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time, AST aspartate transaminase, c-ANCA cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies, Cr creatinine, ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, GGT gamma-glutamyl transaminase, HBsAb hepatitis B surface antibody, HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen, HCV hepatitis C virus, HIV human immunodeficiency virus; INR international normalization rate, LDH lactate dehydrogenase, p-ANCA perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, PAS stain periodic acid–Schiff, PPD purified protein derivative, PT prothrombin time, RBC red blood cells, RBG random blood glucose, RF rheumatoid factor, WBC white blood cells