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Table 1 Clinical features and treatment

From: Umbilical endometriosis: a case series

Patient Age (years) Parity Duration of symptoms (months) Chief presentation Associated symptoms Size of lesion in largest dimension (cm) Imaging Management Histology
1 33 0 + 0 8 Umbilical swelling, cyclic discharge No dysmenorrhea, normal flow 1.6 MRI Excision Confirmed
2 46 6 + 0 24 Umbilical swelling, cyclical pain, and bleeding 4 Excision Confirmed
3 47 1 + 0 60 Umbilical swelling, cyclical pain, and bleeding Dysmenorrhea, heavy menses 3.5 US Excision Confirmed
4 31 0 + 0 12 Umbilical swelling, cyclical pain, and bleeding Dysmenorrhea, normal flow 3 Excision Confirmed
5 43 2 + 0 3 Umbilical swelling, cyclical pain, and bleeding Severe dysmenorrhea, normal flow 3 Excision Confirmed
  1. MRI Magnetic resonance imaging, US Ultrasound