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Table 1 Differential diagnoses of the case

From: Hydralazine-induced antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis with pulmonary–renal syndrome: a case report

Differential diagnoses
Hydralazine-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis with pulmonary–renal syndrome
Acute heart failure with pulmonary edema and cardiorenal syndrome
Acute renal failure with pulmonary edema and uremic hemoptysis
Respiratory tract infection with prerenal renal failure and/or postinfectious GN
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis
  1. ANCA antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, GN glomerulonephritis