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Table 1 Timeline of case

From: Bi-rooted primary maxillary canines: a case report

Date Summary of visit
3 April 2017 Clinical visit. A 9-year-old boy visits Department of Preventive Dental Science, Faculty of Dentistry, Najran University, Saudi Arabia Complaint. Complaint of missing teeth in maxillary anterior region
15 April 2017 Diagnostic visit and test. Clinical examination revealed: • unerupted permanent maxillary lateral incisors • decay in tooth numbers 54, 55, 62, 64, 65, 26, 84, 74, 75, and 85, and • anterior crossbite between tooth numbers 53 and 83
25 April 2017 Treatment plan: • Pulpotomy and stainless steel crowns in tooth numbers 55, 74, and 75, • extraction of 54, 62, 64, 65, and 85, • composite restoration in 84, • amalgam restoration in 26, • and fissure sealant was placed on 16, 36, and 46. • Space evaluation and orthodontic consultation to facilitate the eruption of permanent maxillary lateral incisors (12 and 22) • Extraction of bilateral primary canines (53 and 63) was indicated
5 May 2017 After extraction, an examination was done to find anomaly: • The presence of two roots was confirmed by careful examination. • Right primary maxillary canine had two separate roots (mesial and distal) (Fig. 2) • Left primary maxillary canine had two roots (mesial and distal) which were connected (Fig. 2)
20 May 2017 Follow up and conclusion: • The patient was kept under careful observation to evaluate proper eruption of unerupted permanent lateral incisors • Clinicians should consider all the possible tooth variations during routine intra-oral and radiographic examinations to facilitate a better treatment outcome and to avoid unwanted complications