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Table 1 Summary of published case reports describing secondary aortoenteric fistula after both open surgery and endovascular aortic reconstruction for abdominal aortic aneurysm

From: Secondary aortoenteric fistula possibly associated with continuous physical stimulation: a case report and review of the literature

  Date Authors and reference number Age, sex Clinical presentation Initial treatment for aneurysm Period Treatment for SAEF Outcome Pathological examination Estimated aetiology§
1 2018 Arworn et al. [20] 42 M Hematemesis, melena EVAR 1 yr 1 m Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 9 months + Mechanical factor
2 2018 Alfawaz et al. [28] 62 M Malaise, fever Open surgery 7 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 7 days Unclear
3 2017 Dickfos et al. [19] 75 M Abdominal pain, fevers EVAR 1 yr 2 m Aortic reconstruction Unclear Infection
4 2016 Kadhim et al. [21] 66 M Confusion, fever EVAR 15 yr Bowel repair, debridement Alive at 12 months + Infection
5 2017 Guevara-Noriega et al. [18] 65 M Malaise Open surgery 1 yr 10 m Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 2 years Infection
6 2014 Zaki et al. [17] 75 M Abdominal pain, hematemesis EVAR 2 yr 6 m Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Died Infection
7 2013 Jamal et al.[29] 60 F Hematemesis, melena Open surgery 6 yr Surgery Died Unclear
8 2009 Grassia et al. [30] 72 M Hematochezia Open surgery 8 yr Aortic reconstruction Alive at 2 weeks Unclear
9 2009 McAloon et al. [31] 73 M Lethargy, melena Open surgery 10 yr None* Died Unclear
10 2008 Hara et al. [16] 84 M Hematochezia Open surgery 14 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 6 months Recurrent aneurysm
11 2008 Geraci et al. [15] 59 M Dyspepsia, vomiting Open surgery 5 yr Bowel repair Alive at 6 months Mechanical factor
12 2008 Bognar et al. [22] 67 M Rectal bleeding Open surgery 4 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 24 days + Mechanical factor
13 2007 Brountzos et al. [32] 85 M Gastrointestinal bleeding Open surgery 10 yr EVAR Alive at 1 year Unclear
14 2006 Heidemann et al. [33] 52 M Hematochezia, hematemesis Open surgery 6 m Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 8 months Unclear
15 2007 Tsunekawa et al. [23] 75 M Fever, malaise Open surgery 15 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 1 month + Infection
16 2006 Maternini et al. [14] 73 M Melena Open surgery 15 yr EVAR Alive Unclear
17 2005 Mundal et al. [24] 82 F Hematemesis Open surgery 17 yr Surgery Died + Unclear
18 2004 French et al. [13] 68 F Hematemesis EVAR 1 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair, debridement Died Infection
19 2002 Tomlinson et al. [34] 90 M Melena, abdominal pain Open surgery 5 yr EVAR Alive at 14 months Unclear
20 2000 Makar et al. [35] 70 M Epigastric discomfort EVAR 4 m Antibiotics Died Unclear
21 1999 Karacagil et al. [36] 70 F Melena, fever Open surgery 14 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 2 years Unclear
22 1993 Neergaard et al. [37] 69 M Hematemesis, melena Open surgery 8 yr Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair Alive at 4 months Unclear
23 2018 Jiang et al. [38] 85 M Melena, tiredness, dizziness, fever EVAR 2 yr 4 m Aortic reconstruction, bowel repair, debridement Alive at 15 months Unclear
24 2017 Hansen et al. [12] 75 F Melena Open surgery 2 yr Open surgery + EVAR Alive at 12 years Infection
25 1998 Yabu et al. [25] 77 M Dyspnea Open surgery 10 yr None* Died + Mechanical factor
  1. EVAR endovascular aortic reconstruction, F female, m month, M male, SAEF secondary aortoenteric fistula, yr year
  2. †period after abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment
  3. ‡whether pathological examination was performed or not
  4. §possible cause suggested by authors of the report
  5. *patient died immediately before any treatment