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Table 3 Systemic effects of naphthalene exposure

From: Acute intravascular hemolysis due to naphthalene toxicity: a case report

Gastrointestinal effects
 Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea
Renal effects
 Increased creatinine level, increased serum urea nitrogen level, hematuria, renal tubular acidosis
Respiratory effects
 Congestion, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (noted at 2 ppm)
Neurologic effects
 Confusion, lethargy, vertigo, fasciculations, convulsions, anesthesia, cerebral edema, coma (coma is noted at 0.05 mg/kg body weight per day)
Hepatic effects
 Jaundice, hepatomegaly, elevated liver enzyme levels (noted at 0.02 mg/kg per day)
Ocular effects
 Optic atrophy, bilateral cataracts with chronic exposure