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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical evolution of the patient from arrival to discharge

From: Difficult-to-diagnose diabetes in a patient treated with cyclophosphamide – the contradictory roles of immunosuppressant agents: a case report

  Initial evaluation 6 hours* 10 hours* 16 hours*
GCS 12 14 15 15
Vital signs, HR/RR 125/27 117/24 109/19 92/18
Serum glucose (mg/dl) 1240 408 313 174
Urinary ketones (mg/dl) 80 80 40 0
Serum sodium (mEq/L) 127 150 149 152
Serum potassium (mEq/L) 5.56 4.27 3.52 3.5
pH 7.07 6.99 7.21 7.27
Bicarbonate (mmol/L) 3.0 9.2 12.4 14.7
Anion gap 43.56 33.07 25.12 7.04
Osm (mOsm/kg) 322.8 322.6 315.3 313.6
IIR (UI/kg per hour) 0.18 0.1 0.09 0.05
  1. Where: * since initial evaluation, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, HR heart rate (in beats per minute), IIR insulin infusion rate, Osm osmolarity, RR respiratory rate (in breaths per minute)